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Journal Cover Foot & Ankle International
  [SJR: 1.202]   [H-I: 68]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1071-1007
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [838 journals]
  • Radiographic Severity of Arthritis Affects Functional Outcome in Total
           Ankle Replacement (TAR)
    • Authors: Chambers, S; Ramaskandhan, J, Siddique, M.
      Pages: 351 - 354
      Abstract: Background: It has been previously demonstrated that radiographic severity of arthritis predicts outcome following knee replacement. In certain circumstances, patients may undergo arthroplasty without severe radiographic disease. An example may be the patient with significant chondral damage unsuccessfully treated with arthroscopy. This patient may proceed to joint replacement when their radiographs would not normally merit such intervention. We investigated whether these findings were also applicable to total ankle replacements (TARs). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a single-surgeon, single-implant series of 178 TARs in 170 patients. Of them, 124 patients who took part in the hospital joint registry with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included for this study. The radiographic severity of arthritis was graded using the Kellgren-Lawrence classification. Preoperative weight-bearing radiographs were reviewed for severity of arthritis by 2 blinded observers: the first author and an independent colleague from the radiology department. Patients were grouped into 4 subgroups based on degree of severity of radiographic grading for arthritis—A, B, C, and D (for grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 grades, respectively). Data collected included Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS; pain, function, and stiffness), MOS 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) scores, and patient satisfaction scores collected prospectively and at 1 and 2 years postoperation. Results: Groups were similar in terms of demographic data (P > .1) and preoperative FAOS scores (P > .89) for pain, function and stiffness. Group D had the biggest improvement in all domains of FAOS. This reached significance in each domain when compared to group C. No significant differences were demonstrated in SF-36 scores. Overall, 91.1% of patients in group D were satisfied at 2 years, compared with 50.0% of patients in groups A, B, and C (P < .001). In addition, 93.9% of patients in group D felt that their quality of life had been improved by the surgery, compared to 47% of patients with groups A, B, and C (P < .001). Further, 77.3% of patients from group D said they would have the operation again, vs only 52.2% of patients with grade III or less (P = .014). Patients who were "very satisfied" or "somewhat satisfied" postoperatively had an average Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade of 3.9 preoperatively. In contrast the "very dissatisfied" and "somewhat dissatisfied" patients had an average KL grade of 2.9 (P < .05). Conclusion: Although this study does not explain all of the dissatisfaction in TAR, radiologic severity is an important factor that surgeons must consider when planning how best to treat their patients. There may be a different pathophysiology in this patient group that is not well served by arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100716638021
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Return to Sports and Physical Activities After Primary Partial Arthrodesis
           for Lisfranc Injuries in Young Patients
    • Authors: MacMahon, A; Kim, P, Levine, D. S, Burket, J, Roberts, M. M, Drakos, M. C, Deland, J. T, Elliott, A. J, Ellis, S. J.
      Pages: 355 - 362
      Abstract: Background: Research regarding outcomes in sports and physical activities after primary partial arthrodesis for Lisfranc injuries has been sparse. The purposes of this study were to assess various sports and physical activities in young patients following primary partial arthrodesis for Lisfranc injuries and to compare these with clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients who underwent primary partial arthrodesis for a Lisfranc injury were identified by a retrospective registry review. Thirty-eight of 46 eligible patients (83%) responded for follow-up at a mean of 5.2 (range, 1.0 to 9.3) years with a mean age at surgery of 31.8 (range, 16.8 to 50.3) years. Physical activity participation was assessed with a new sports-specific, patient-administered questionnaire. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS). Results: Patients participated in 29 different and 155 total physical activities preoperatively, and 27 different and 145 total physical activities postoperatively. Preoperatively, 47.1% were high impact, and postoperatively, 44.8% were high impact. The most common activities were walking, bicycling, running, and weightlifting. Compared to preoperatively, difficulty was the same in 66% and increased in 34% of physical activities. Participation levels were improved in 11%, the same in 64%, and impaired in 25% of physical activities. Patients spent on average 4.2 (range, 0.0 to 19.8) hours per week exercising postoperatively. In regard to return to physical activity, 97% of respondents were satisfied with their operative outcome. Mean postoperative FAOS subscores were significantly worse for patients who had increased physical activity difficulty. Conclusion: Most patients were able to return to their previous physical activities following primary partial arthrodesis for a Lisfranc injury, many of which were high-impact. However, the decreased participation or increase in difficulty of some activities suggests that some patients experienced postoperative limitations in exercise. Future studies could compare sports outcomes between primary partial arthrodesis and open reduction internal fixation for Lisfranc injuries. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715617743
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Autologous Osteochondral Transplantation for Osteochondral Lesions of the
    • Authors: Flynn, S; Ross, K. A, Hannon, C. P, Yasui, Y, Newman, H, Murawski, C. D, Deyer, T. W, Do, H. T, Kennedy, J. G.
      Pages: 363 - 372
      Abstract: Background: Autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) is used to treat osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus, typically reserved for lesions greater than 150 mm2. Few studies exist examining the functional and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes following this procedure. The purpose of this study was to investigate functional and MRI outcomes, including quantitative T2 mapping following AOT. Methods: Eighty-five consecutive patients who underwent AOT were identified. Functional outcomes were assessed pre- and postoperatively using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS). The Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue (MOCART) score was used to assess cartilage incorporation. Quantitative T2 MRI relaxation time of graft tissue and adjacent normal cartilage values were recorded in a subset of 61 patients. The mean clinical follow-up was 47.2 months, with mean MRI follow-up of 24.8 months. Results: Mean FAOS improved pre- to postoperatively from 50 to 81 (P < .001). The mean MOCART score was 85.8. Lesion size was negatively correlated with MOCART score (r = –0.36, P = .004). Superficial T2 values in graft tissue were higher than control tissue (42.0 vs 35.8, P < .001). Deep T2 values in graft tissue were similar to the control values (30.9 vs 30.0, P = .305). Functional outcomes were similar in patients irrespective of whether they had previous microfracture or concomitant procedures. Conclusion: AOT was an effective treatment for large OCLs of the talus in the current study. MOCART scoring indicated good structural integrity of the graft. Quantitative T2 mapping suggests that graft tissue may not always mirror native hyaline cartilage. The long-term implications of this are not yet known. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715620423
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • The Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma for Incision Healing After Total
           Ankle Replacement Using the Agility Total Ankle Replacement System
    • Authors: Kane, J. M; Costanzo, J. A, Raikin, S. M.
      Pages: 373 - 377
      Abstract: Background: The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to aid in healing of operative incisions has been well documented in the literature. Most studies have been conducted retrospectively with small sample sizes and are conflicting in their outcomes. As such, no consensus exists regarding the utility of PRP for augmenting incisional healing. The Agility total ankle replacement (TAR) poses a significant challenge with respect to incisional healing in the immediate postoperative time frame and was used as a standardized implant in this study. We hypothesized that treating the anterior incision with PRP after Agility TAR would reduce the incidence of incision healing complications. Methods: A retrospective review of 133 consecutive Agility TAR performed by a single surgeon at a single institution was conducted. Platelet-rich plasma was used to augment incisional closure in 78 patients undergoing TAR. Fifty-five patients had incisional closure without PRP application. Incision healing complications were stratified into patients healing without any complications (none), patients requiring prolonged local wound care (minor), and patients requiring a return to the operation theater to address an incisional complication (major). Results: No statistically significant difference existed between patients treated with PRP incisional augmentation and those without PRP augmentation. Eight patients (10.3%) receiving PRP underwent operative treatment of an incisional complication, whereas 3 patients (5.5%) who had a nonaugmented closure required operative treatment (P = .52). The incidence of minor complications was not statistically significant, with 25 (32.1%) patients receiving PRP and 15 (27.3) patients who had a nonaugmented closure requiring prolonged local treatment (P = .85). Conclusions: Limited data exist regarding the use of PRP in the augmentation of the closure of operative incisions. We were unable to find a statistically significant reduction in incision-related complications in patients who had their incisions augmented with PRP. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715619681
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Return to Sports and Physical Activities After the Modified Lapidus
           Procedure for Hallux Valgus in Young Patients
    • Authors: MacMahon, A; Karbassi, J, Burket, J. C, Elliott, A. J, Levine, D. S, Roberts, M. M, Deland, J. T, OMalley, M. J, Yu, J, Mancuso, C. A, Ellis, S. J.
      Pages: 378 - 385
      Abstract: Background: The modified Lapidus procedure has successfully relieved pain and corrected deformity in patients with hallux valgus, but its effect on participation in specific sports and physical activities remains unclear. Our goals were to assess sports and physical activities in young patients following the modified Lapidus procedure and to compare these with clinical outcomes. Methods: Fifty-eight eligible patients were identified from a retrospective registry review. Of these, 48 (83%) were reached for follow-up at a mean of 2.8 (range, 1.0 to 6.1) years and had a mean age at surgery of 37.3 (range, 14.1 to 49.3) years. Physical activity participation was evaluated with a new sports-specific, patient-administered questionnaire. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and compared to sports outcomes. Results: Patients participated in 26 different physical activities, consisting of 212 total physical activities preoperatively and 209 total postoperatively. The most common were walking, running, bicycling, and swimming. Compared to preoperatively, patients rated 29% of activities as less difficult, 52% as the same, and 19% as more difficult and rated participation levels as improved in 40%, the same in 41%, and impaired in 19%. Eighty-one percent of patients were satisfied with their operative outcome in regard to return to physical activity. Changes in the FAOS Pain subscore were significantly associated with improvements in physical activity difficulty (P < .05), and changes in the Pain, Sports, and QOL subscores were significantly associated with changes in physical activity participation levels (P < .05). Conclusion: Four in 5 patients were able to participate in previous sports and physical activities, including high-impact activities, at their preoperative participation level or better after the modified Lapidus procedure, and were satisfied with surgery in regard to return to previous activity. However, several patients had increased difficulty and impaired participation in physical activity postoperatively. Altogether, this suggests that the procedure is a viable treatment option for hallux valgus in young, active patients. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715617750
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Plantaris Excision and Ventral Paratendinous Scraping for Achilles
           Tendinopathy in an Athletic Population
    • Authors: Bedi, H. S; Jowett, C, Ristanis, S, Docking, S, Cook, J.
      Pages: 386 - 393
      Abstract: Background: Achilles tendinopathy is a frequent problem in high-level athletes. Recent research has proposed a combined etiologic role for the plantaris tendon and neovascularization. Both pathologies can be observed on ultrasound imaging.1,13 However, little is known about the change in structure of the Achilles tendon following the surgical treatment of these issues. The purpose of the study was to assess if excising the plantaris and performing ventral paratendinous "scraping" of the neovascularization improved symptoms of Achilles tendinopathy and whether there was a change in the fibrillar structure of the tendon with ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC) following this operation. Methods: This prospective consecutive case series included 15 professional/semiprofessional athletes (17 Achilles tendons) who underwent plantaris excision and paratendinous scraping to treat noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy. The plantaris tendon was excised if adherent to the Achilles tendon, and the area of neovascularization for scraping was demarcated on preoperative imaging. Preoperative and postoperative Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) scores were taken. UTC was performed on 11 of 17 tendons preoperatively and postoperatively. The mean follow-up was for 25 months. Results: Fourteen of 15 patients had a successful outcome after the surgery. The mean VISA-A improved from 51 to 95 (p=.0001). There was a statistically significant (p=.04) improvement in the aligned fibrillar structure of the tendon confirmed with UTC scanning following surgery from 90% (±8) to 96% (±5). Conclusion: This group of high-level athletes derived an excellent clinical result from this operation. Furthermore, UTC scanning offered an objective method to evaluate the healing of Achilles tendons. Level of Evidence: Level IV, case series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715619989
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Outcome of Arthroscopic Treatment of Posterior Impingement of the Ankle
    • Authors: Carreira, D. S; Vora, A. M, Hearne, K. L, Kozy, J.
      Pages: 394 - 400
      Abstract: Background: Open and arthroscopic techniques have been utilized in the treatment of posterior impingement of the ankle and hindfoot. Because posterior impingement occurs more frequently in patients who repetitively plantarflex the ankle, this population may especially benefit from a procedure that reduces pain and results in maximal range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of hindfoot endoscopy in patients with posterior ankle impingement through a higher level of function outcome measures and physical examination parameters, focused on analysis of ROM. Methods: Twenty patients were followed prospectively at a minimum 1-year follow-up (mean 38.2 months). Nineteen of 20 patients were competitive athletes. Patients completed a minimum of 3 months of nonoperative treatment. Diagnoses included os trigonum, tibial exostosis, talar exostosis, loose body or fracture nonunion, and ganglion cyst removal. Patients underwent arthroscopic treatment utilizing a posterior approach; all relevant pathology was addressed. Results: At the most recent follow-up, visual analog scale pain and American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society hindfoot scores showed significant improvement (P < .01) pre- to postoperatively; Tegner score remained unchanged (P = .888). Three patients were professional athletes; all returned to their previous level of professional activity. ROM variables between affected and unaffected sides reached statistical similarity at the most recent follow-up. Only ankle plantarflexion reached statistical significance when compared pre- to postoperatively. Fifteen percent of patients reported postoperative neuritis. Conclusions: Posterior ankle arthroscopy allowed for maintenance or restoration of anatomic ROM of the ankle and hindfoot, ability to return to at least previous level of activity, and improvement in objective assessment of pain relief and higher level of function parameters. Complications associated with this procedure were minimal. Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective case series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715620857
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Predictors of Postoperative Wound Necrosis Following Primary Wound Closure
           of Open Ankle Fractures
    • Pages: 401 - 406
      Abstract: Background: Most open malleolar ankle fracture wounds can be closed primarily after meticulous debridement. However, the development of wound necrosis following operative treatment of open malleolar ankle fractures can have catastrophic consequences. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors predisposing to postoperative wound necrosis following primary wound closure of open malleolar ankle fractures. Methods: A total of 137 patients with open malleolar ankle fractures were identified. The open fracture wound was primarily closed in 110 of 137 (80%) patients, and postoperative wound necrosis occurred in 18 (16%) of these patients. These patients were compared to the open fracture patients without wound necrosis. Twenty possible risk factors for the development of wound necrosis were studied with logistic regression analysis. Results: The variables that were independently associated with an increased risk for postoperative wound necrosis included ASA class ≥2, Gustilo grade III open injury, and the use of pulsatile lavage at index surgery. Conclusions: Our study showed that ASA class ≥2, Gustilo grade III open injury, and the use of pulsatile lavage at index surgery were the most important factors predisposing to postoperative wound necrosis following primary wound closure of open malleolar ankle fractures. The findings warrant a further study specifically comparing primary and delayed wound closure in patients with Gustilo grade III open malleolar ankle fractures and different ASA classes. Also, the role of pulsatile lavage should be re-evaluated. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative series.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715609182
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Anterolateral Drawer Versus Anterior Drawer Test for Ankle Instability: A
           Biomechanical Model
    • Authors: Miller, A. G; Myers, S. H, Parks, B. G, Guyton, G. P.
      Pages: 407 - 410
      Abstract: Background: The addition of unconstrained internal rotation to the physical examination could allow for detection of more subtle degrees of ankle instability. We hypothesized that a simulated anterolateral drawer test allowing unconstrained internal rotation of the ankle would provoke greater displacement of the lateral talus in the mortise versus the anterior drawer test. Methods: Ten cadaveric lower extremities were tested in a custom apparatus designed to reproduce the anterior drawer test and the anterolateral drawer test, in which the ankle was allowed to internally rotate about the intact deep deltoid ligament while being subluxed anteriorly. Specimens were tested intact and with anterior tibiofibular ligament sectioned. A differential variable reluctance transducer was used to measure lateral talar displacement with anterior forces of 25 and 50 N. Results: No significant differences in talar displacement or ankle rotation were noted in intact specimens between the groups. Among sectioned specimens, significantly more talar displacement (25 N [6.5 ± 1.7 mm vs 3.8 ± 2.4 mm] and 50 N [8.7 ± 0.9 mm vs 4.5 ± 2.5 mm], P < .001) and ankle rotation (25 N [13.9 ± 8.0 degrees vs 0.0 ± 0.0 degrees] and 50 N [23.7 ± 5.8 degrees vs 0.0 ± 0.0 degrees], P < .001) were found in the anterolateral drawer versus anterior drawer group. Conclusion: In an ankle instability model, the anterolateral drawer test provoked almost twice the lateral talus displacement found with the anterior drawer test. Clinical Relevance: Allowing internal rotation of the ankle while testing for ankle instability may allow the examiner to detect more subtle degrees of ankle instability.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715620854
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Biomechanical Comparison of Intramedullary Screw Versus Low-Profile Plate
           Fixation of a Jones Fracture
    • Authors: Huh, J; Glisson, R. R, Matsumoto, T, Easley, M. E.
      Pages: 411 - 418
      Abstract: Background: Intramedullary screw fixation of fifth metatarsal Jones fractures often produces satisfactory results, however, nonunion and refracture rates are not negligible. The low-profile "hook" plate is an alternative fixation method that has been promoted to offer improved rotational control at the fracture site, but this remains to be proven. The purpose of this study was to document biomechanical performance differences between this type of plate and a contemporary solid, dual-pitch intramedullary screw in a cadaveric Jones fracture model. Methods: Simulated Jones fractures were created in 8 matched pairs of fresh-frozen cadaveric fifth metatarsals. One bone from each pair was stabilized using an intramedullary TriMed Jones Screw and the other using a TriMed Jones Fracture Plate (TriMed, Inc, Santa Clarita, CA). Controlled bending and torsional loads were applied. Bending stiffness and fracture site angulation, as well as torsional stiffness, peak torque, and fracture site rotation were quantified and compared. Results: Intramedullary screw fixation demonstrated greater bending stiffness and less fracture site angulation than plate fixation during plantar-to-dorsal and lateral-to-medial bending. Torsional stiffness of screw-fixed metatarsals exceeded that of plate-fixed bones at initial loading; however, as rotation progressed, the plate resisted torque better than the screw. No difference in peak torque was demonstrable between fixation methods, but it was reached earlier in specimens fixed with screws and later in those fixed with plates as rotation progressed. Conclusion: In this cadaveric Jones fracture model, intramedullary screw fixation demonstrated bending stiffness and resistance to early torsional loading that was superior to that offered by plate fixation. Clinical Relevance: Although low-profile "hook" plates offer an alternative for fixation of fifth metatarsal Jones fractures, intramedullary screw fixation may provide better resistance to bending and initiation of fracture site rotation. The influence of these mechanical characteristics on fracture healing is unknown, and further clinical investigation is warranted.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715619678
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Biomechanical Evaluation of Strength and Stiffness of Subtalar Joint
           Arthrodesis Screw Constructs
    • Authors: Jastifer, J. R; Alrafeek, S, Howard, P, Gustafson, P. A, Coughlin, M. J.
      Pages: 419 - 426
      Abstract: Background: Subtalar arthrodesis is a common treatment for end-stage subtalar joint arthritis as well as many other clinical problems. The best method of subtalar arthrodesis fixation is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the strength of subtalar arthrodesis fixation methods including a single posterior screw (SP), 2 posterior minimally divergent screws (MD) and a 2 screw highly divergent screw (HD) construct for subtalar arthrodesis. Methods: A biomechanical study was performed including the three different screw configurations (SP, MD, HD). These surrogate bone specimens were subjected to applied inversion and eversion torques about the subtalar joint axis on a servo-hydraulic load frame. Torsional stiffness of the construct and the maximum torque for each configuration were measured. Additionally, a cadaver study was performed using 5 fresh-frozen cadaver specimens. The perpendicular distance from the divergent screw guide-wire placement was measured from anatomic structures. Results: The HD screw configuration was found to have the highest torsional stiffness in both inversion and eversion, followed by the MD construct and then the SP construct. Similarly, the HD construct had the highest maximum torque versus the MD and SP constructs. All between-group differences were statistically significant (P < .05). The mean distance from key structures to the divergent screw included the sural nerve (13 mm), peroneus brevis tendon (18 mm), tibialis anterior tendon (8 mm), and tibialis posterior tendon (21 mm). Conclusion: This biomechanical and cadaver study supports the use of 2 screws for fixation of subtalar arthrodesis over a single posterior screw. Additionally, we describe a biomechanically superior and potentially safe, alternative 2-screw divergent construct. Clinical Relevance: This study gives biomechanical support for 2 screw, divergent fixation of subtalar arthrodesis or a single over a single screw or two screw minimally divergent construct.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715619680
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Placement of Plantar Plates for Lapidus Arthrodesis: Anatomical
    • Authors: Plaass, C; Claassen, L, Daniilidis, K, Fumy, M, Stukenborg-Colsman, C, Schmiedl, A, Ettinger, S.
      Pages: 427 - 432
      Abstract: Background: The modified Lapidus procedure is an accepted treatment option for patients with moderate to severe hallux valgus. Placing a plate plantar on the tension side of the arthrodesis has been shown to be biomechanically superior and has provided good clinical results. There is some concern about interference of the plantar placed plates on the tendon insertions. The purpose of this study was to determine a "safe zone" for plantar plate placement without irritation of the tendons. Methods: Twenty-nine embalmed right feet were used for this study. The anatomy of the insertion of the peroneus longus (PL) tendon and tibialis anterior (TA) tendon on the medial cuneiform and first metatarsal were analyzed. Six different plate designs for plantar plating of the first tarsometatarsal fusion were included. The fit to the bone and contact to tendon insertion were analyzed. Results: The PL showed a main insertion to the first metatarsal and a lesser insertion to the medial cuneiform. The TA inserted onto the medial cuneiform and first metatarsal in all cases in our series. There was a "safe zone" between the TA and PL insertion areas for plate placement. Straight, Y- and U-shaped plates could be placed without compromising the tendon insertion. Depending on the design, even preshaped plates may have to be bent to allow a good fit to the plantar side of the first tarsometatarsal joint. Conclusion: Plantar plating for modified Lapidus arthrodesis can be safely performed, without damaging the plantar tendon insertion area of the PL and TA. Clinical Relevance: The exact knowledge of the anatomy of the plantar region of the tarsometatarsal joint can help to improve plate placement.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715619607
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Salvage of Severe Foot and Ankle Trauma With a 3D Printed Scaffold
    • Authors: Hamid, K. S; Parekh, S. G, Adams, S. B.
      Pages: 433 - 439
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:09-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715620895
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Transfibular Approach to Posterior Malleolus Fracture Fixation: Technique
    • Authors: Gonzalez, T. A; Watkins, C, Drummond, R, Wolf, J. C, Toomey, E. P, DiGiovanni, C. W.
      Pages: 440 - 445
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:09-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100715617760
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Posteromedial Approach for Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Talar
           Process Fractures
    • Authors: Hsu, A. R; Scolaro, J. A.
      Pages: 446 - 452
      Abstract: Fractures of the posteromedial process of the talus are frequently the result of high-energy trauma to the lower extremity. The treatment of these uncommon injuries may be unfamiliar and challenging to many surgeons. Significant pain and disability can result if these injuries are not recognized or treated appropriately. Open reduction and internal fixation via a posteromedial approach with screws is a mainstay of operative treatment for simple fractures. In cases of fracture impaction and/or comminution, a medial uniplanar external fixator may be used to improve intraoperative fracture visualization and mini-fragment plates and screws can be used to secure areas of comminution. Level of Evidence: Level V, expert opinion.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:09-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100716635813
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 453 - 453
      Abstract: Loh B, Chen JY, Yew AKS, et al. Prevalence of metatarsus adductus in symptomatic hallux valgus and its influence on functional outcome. Foot Ankle Int. 2015;36(11):1316-1321. (Original
      DOI : 10.1177/1071100715595618)
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:09-07:00
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
  • Education Calendar
    • Pages: 454 - 454
      PubDate: 2016-03-31T00:45:09-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1071100716642782
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2016)
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