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Psychology in Russia: State of the Art
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.213
Number of Followers: 5  

  Free journal Free journal
ISSN (Print) 2074-6857
Published by Russian Psychological Society Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Sultanova A. (2018). Neuropsychological analysis of the features of mental
           development in school age children with mild perinatal hypoxic damage of
           the nervous system in their anamnesis. Psychology in Russia: State of the
           Art, 11 (2), 25-38.
    • Abstract: Background. Perinatal pathology of the nervous system (PPNS) of hypoxic genesis is one of the most significant causes of deviations in mental development. It is necessary to investigate the impact of mild PPNS for the child’s mental ontogenesis, because coarser perinatal lesions, as a rule, lead to significant violations of development and should be analyzed separately. From our point of view, the qualitative neuropsychological syndromic analysis adopted in Russian child neuropsychology is the most productive way to study this problem. Objective. The purpose of this study was to conduct neuropsychological analysis of the features of mental development of school-age children with mild hypoxic PPNS in their anamnesis. Design. Our research involved 62 children 10-12.5 years old, who were studying in comprehensive schools in Moscow. The main group was comprised of 42 neurologically healthy children who had hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy of mild severity in their anamnesis. The control group was comprised of 20 neurologically healthy children without indication of pathology of pregnancy and labor in their anamnesis. Methods. We used neuropsychological Luria tests that have been adapted for children, conducted an interview of parents and teachers about the peculiarities of children’s behavior, and analyzed electroencephalogram reports. Results. Every child with PPNS exhibited similar features, such as neurodynamic disorders and a lack of voluntary control. We called this symptom complex “subcorticalfrontal” neuropsychological syndrome. In addition, each child in the main group had a failure of at least one neuropsychological factor. The following functions showed insufficiency most often: voluntary attention, speech development, verbal-auditory memory, kinetic and kinesthetic praxis, visual-spatial gnosis, and phonemic hearing. Left hemisphere functions and interhemispheric interaction suffered to a greater degree. The children with PPNS were divided into two subgroups, depending on the severity of the insufficiency of executive functions (EF). Children with severe insufficiency of EF more frequently demonstrated violation of development of verbal-logical thinking, difficulties in social adaptation, emotional disorders, and deviant behavior. Conclusion. The mental development of school-age children with mild PPNS in their anamnesis differs from the development of their peers. We can talk about the longterm consequences of mild hypoxic perinatal damage of the nervous system. Abbreviation: PPNS — perinatal pathology of the nervous system; CNS — central nervous system; EEG — electroencephalogram; EF — executive functions.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Maslova O.V. (2018). Value shifts in Vietnamese students studying in
           Russia. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 11 (2), 14-24.
    • Abstract: Background. The extension of intercultural contacts in the present-day world calls for a thorough study of what effect these contacts produce on the human personality. When an individual is suddenly immersed in a different culture, his or her consciousness becomes a battlefield where new values conflict with the old. The person experiences an axiological shock, a ``value clash,” which urges him or her to undertake a re-examination of his/ her value system as a whole. Objective. The objective of this study was to determine the changes occurring in the value system of Vietnamese students obtaining their higher education in Russia. Design. A longitudinal study was performed involving 100 Vietnamese students in Russian universities. The measurement methods used in the study were: 1) the modified M. Rokeach Value Survey (Rokeach, 1973; Kudrjashov, 1992), in which the original set of values was expanded by 20 additional values typical of the Vietnamese people; and 2) the technique for assessing acculturation strategies developed by J.W. Berry (Strategii mezhkul’turnogo vzaimodejstvija..., 2009). Results. In the course of a year of residence in Russia, specific changes (or “shifts”) occurred in the value systems of the Vietnamese students which proved to be statistically significant. Among the goal values (the same as terminal values, in the terms of M. Rokeach) which took on more weight were Productive Life and Materially Prosperous Life, while among instrumental values, Tidiness and Frugality became more prominent. A difference between the value dynamics in male and female students was also established, with the value pattern of male students proving to be more dynamic. The next finding was the difference in value dynamics between students coming from urban and rural settlements. There was one more quite unexpected finding: The value pattern changed more noticeably in respondents with an acculturation profile of “Integration and Separation,” than in those with profiles of “Integration and Assimilation” and “Pure Integration.” Conclusion. Therefore we see that factors such as gender, type of environment (rural/urban) the individual comes from, and the strategy of acculturation used by the individual, act as mediators exerting their own influence upon the dynamics of his/her value patterns. Abbreviation: PF = Preliminary Faculty
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Glozman J.M. (2018). A reproduction of Luria’ s expedition to Central
           Asia. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 11 (2), 4-13.
    • Abstract: Background. About 40 years ago, Alexander Luria published in 1974 his worldknown book “On the historical development of cognitive processes”. It describesthe data of an experimental study of mental functions in illiterate people living inthe peripheral parts of Uzbekistan (Central Asia). A.R. Luria together with L.S.Vygotsky worked out the design of this study, performed in 1931-1933. The studyproved a significant influence of social life and literacy on the structure of logicalreasoning. In the conclusion to this book Luria indicates, that his colleagues oftenadvised him to repeat this study in 40 years, but the author did not considered itreasonable, as radical changes in cultural and educational level of Asia populationmust equalize the differences in cognitive processes with people from centralregions. Is it so' Study design. A group of psychologists from Moscow, Belgorod andPetropavlovsk Kamchatsky performed an integrated study of endogenous populationsof the north of Kamchatka peninsula living in regional centers or nomadicherdsmen in tundra. Thirty subjects (17 men and 13 females) all withprimary education in Russian schools were assessed using the same tests onclassification and generalization, as Luria did, together with Luria neuropsychologicalbattery, and projective drawing on life attitudes. Conclusion. Life values of endogenous peoples are more nature centered thanin Russians from central regions. Nomadic and settled subgroups with the samelevel of education differed in some neuropsychological tests, revealing the influenceof social life conditions. It confirms Luria’s idea about cultural determinationof cognitive processes but also shows that life conditions are as important culturalfactors as literacy.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Apr 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
 
 
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