Psychology in Russia: State of the Art
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  Free journal Free journal
     ISSN (Print) 2074-6857
     Published by Russian Psychological Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Zinchenko Yu. P. (2013). Editorial. Psychology in Russia: State of the
           Art, 6, 2
    • Abstract: Since the publication of its first issue in 2008, Psychology in Russia: State of the Art had served as a flagship journal for the Russian Psychological Society and has played an important and unique role for the field of psychology in Russia. And with the psychological science rapidly becoming increasingly international, integrated and multidisciplinary, the journal today enjoys a wide international readership and is becoming a source of scholarship in psychology worldwide. This year marks the transition of Psychology in Russia: State of the Art from annual to quarterly publication to encourage exploration, development and validation of new scholarly discoveries in the field. This required our editorial team to streamline the journal’s review and publication processes to meet the challenge and see our journal evolve as it continues to grow in size and influence.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Jun 2013 10:09:33 +040
       
  • Lebedeva, Nadezhda M., Tatarko, Alexander N. (2008). Ethnic Identity,
           Group Status and Type of Settlement as Predictors of Ethnic Intolerance.
           Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 1, 102-119
    • Abstract: The results of the field research of intergroup attitudes in Southern Russia (N=723) demonstrated that the relationships of the valence and uncertainty of ethnic identity, perceived discrimination and the level of religious identity with intergroup attitudes depend on a group status (majority-minority) and the type of settlement (dense - sparse). The perceived discrimination predicts the intolerance of intergroup attitudes among the majority group members whereas, the valence and uncertainty of ethnic identity - among the minorities members. The salience of ethnic identity and high level of religious identity predict intolerant attitudes among migrants with the dense way of settlement, the valence of identity and perceived discrimination predict intolerant attitudes among the migrants with the sparse type of settlement. The willingness to distinguish between people by religion provides the maintenance of their group boundaries and identity in multicultural regions of Russia. The growth of uncertainty of ethnic identity, decrease of perceived discrimination and the level of religious identity as well as general ethnic tolerance provide better adaptation of migrants in multicultural regions of Russia.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 May 2013 23:38:17 +040
       
  • Nazaretyan Akop P. (2008). Technology, Psychology, and Crises: Does World
           History Have a Psychological Dimension? Psychology in Russia: State of
           the Art, 1, 55-80
    • Abstract: Data about the victims of social violence in different cultures and historical epochs are provided by wars, political repressions, and everyday violence. Rough calculations demonstrate that while demographic densities and the technical capacity for mutual destruction have increased throughout the millennia, the violent death rate - the quantity of deliberate killings per capita per time unit - has been decreasing. The resulting downward trend appears highly non-linear, dramatic, and mediated by man-made catastrophes, but still, in the long term, progressive. Obviously, some perfecting mechanism of cultural aggression-retention has compensated for technological developments; among those mechanisms was economic development. This issue is explored using the pattern of techno-humanitarian balance.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 May 2013 23:13:18 +040
       
  • Klochko Vitaly Y. (2008). Modern Psychology: Systems Meaning of a Paradigm
           Shift. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 1, 25-40
    • Abstract: The article is focused on the history of psychology from a perspective of its paradigm shifts. Based on the transspective analysis, the author identifies the grounds for progressive development of the psychological science as an open self-organizing theoretical system. The transspective analysis is also considered a methodological tool for studying self-organizing psychological systems. It is asserted that modern psychology is moving toward a post-non-classical paradigm within the framework of which psyche and consciousness acquire a new explanation.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 May 2013 22:33:10 +040
       
  • Danilova, Nina N. (2008). Frequency-Selective Gamma Generators in
           Processing of Auditory Stimuli. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 1,
           299-308
    • Abstract: Processing of sensory stimuli is controlled by the top-down influences that shape oscillations in the synchrony form revealed in the EEG. However, little is known about the nature of these influences. The present study investigated the contribution of "evoked oscillations" in the perception of auditory stimuli during passive and active attention from the position of pacemaker hypothesis on the origin of gamma rhythm. To analyze the problem, the author suggests a special method based on the narrow frequency filtering event-related potentials, localization of dipole sources of gamma oscillations over the structural MRI slices. Computation of equivalent dipoles for the discrete frequencies demonstrates interaction between prefrontal and auditory cortex during active attention to auditory stimuli. The obtained results are compatible with the pacemaker hypothesis.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2013 19:36:29 +040
       
  • Chernorizov, Alexsander M. (2008). Vector Encoding of Light Intensity in
           Neural Networks of Visual System. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art,
           1, 309-318
    • Abstract: Intracellular research of land snail Helix lucorum L. eye demonstrates two types of visual cells responding to flashes of white light by slow sustained depolarization (D-type) and by slow sustained hyperpolarization (H-type), respectively. Peaks of spectral sensitivity of both cell types at 465-500 nm coincide with peak of spectral sensitivity of photopigment "rhodopsin". The two-channel vector model of achromatic vision of snail is proposed. According to the model, responses of D- and H-cells constitute two-dimensional 'excitation vector' of constant length, the direction of which is the code of light intensity. The two-dimensional vector model of light encoding in snails' eye is analogous with achromatic vision models of achromatic vision in vertebrates based on psychophysical and neurophysiological data in fish, rabbit, monkey and human. So, intracellular data in snail taken together with data on vertebrate animals testify in favor of the hypothesis that 2-dimensioanl module of "bright" and "dark" cells is the universal opponent mechanism of "vector encoding" of light intensity in neuronal nets for vision.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2013 18:41:03 +040
       
  • Bogoyavlenskaya, Diana B. (2008). Two Paradigms — Two Vectors of
           Creating the New. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 1, 153-161
    • Abstract: At the current stage the history of researching creativity appears to have drawn a curve which agrees with the methodological conceptions of L.S. Vigotsky. His idea, that of a psychology which intends to study phenomena in their complexity, should replace the methods of dividing into elementary components (atoms) by methods which single out essential non-elemental units, and should make obvious the logic of understanding creative abilities, as it historically developed in the 19lh and 20lh centuries.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2013 18:23:25 +040
       
  • Allakhverdov, Viktor M. (2008). Awareness as a Result of Choice.
           Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 1, 136-152
    • Abstract: The article describes various studies on awareness - unawareness processes conducted at the department of General psychology at St.-Petersburg State University, Russia. The topic under discussion is the aftereffect of the negative choice, which was discovered by the author. This phenomenon is related to some other well-known psychological phenomena. The article discusses the meaning of this phenomenon (the aftereffect of the negative choice) for the research program in the psychology of consciousness.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 May 2013 18:00:25 +040
       
  • Zhuravlev A.L., Zinchenko Yu.P., Kovaleva Yu.V., Sergienko E.A. (2012).
           The V Congress of the Russian Psychological Society. Psychology in Russia:
           State of the Art, 5, 11-30
    • Abstract: This paper summarizes the organizational and scientific outcomes of the 5th Congress of the Russian Psychological Society. It shows the RPS's dynamics of development since its establishment to the present day, and presents a report on the Congress's major events, and the statistics in comparison with the other events of international scientific life. Scientific sections of the Congress are grouped that allowed to showing the main trends in modern psychology. The new directions of psychological research debuted on the Congress are shown, the most important domains of the psychological science are highlighted, and possible reasons for some of them not having succeeded are given. The new subjects and objects of psychological studies new to psychologists are identified. Based on the historical view of the contemporary psychology, were analyzed the future directions of its development.
      PubDate: Sun, 15 Jul 2012 01:19:50 +040
       
  • Zinchenko Yu.P., Petrenko V.F. (2012). Introduction. Psychology in Russia:
           State of the Art, 5, 7-10
    • Abstract: The release of this year's volume of Psychology in Russia: State of the Art is timed to the 30th International Congress of Psychology, that is hosted by South African Cape Town on July 22 this year, as the Russian Psychological Society as an official member of the European Federation of Psychological Associations, as well as the International Union of Psychological Science under UNESCO pays great attention to the current state of the psychological science around the world. It is precisely with this spirit of openness and shared knowledge that the society regularly publishes scientific research and participates in various forums, conferences and round-table discussions...
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Jul 2012 21:48:10 +040
       
 
 
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