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Journal Cover Disability Studies Quarterly
  [24 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1041-5718 - ISSN (Online) 2159-8371
   Published by Ohio State University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Understanding political development through an intersectionality
           framework: Life stories of disability activists

    • Authors: Akemi Nishida
      Abstract: This article explores how those who do not share their marginalized identities with their surrounding people (e.g., family members) and thus community resources relating to these identities, initiate and experience political development. The concept of intersectionality is used as an analytical tool to examine how one's political development is mediated via one's intersecting identities, communities, and experience of social in/justices. Life story interviews were conducted with disabled activists to explore this question. The stories reveal how these activists, who had initially resisted identifying as disabled for various reasons, eventually used the politicizing experiences from nondisability identities and communities to reframe and reclaim their disability status. By tracing the political developments of disabled people, this article places importance on understanding the process in a holistic way and on developing activist communities and movements that acknowledge intersecting identities and in/justices.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Special Education in Sri Lanka: A snapshot of three provinces

    • Abstract: This study discusses special education services across three provinces of Sri Lanka. It sought to answer the following research questions: (a) who are the children receiving special education services? (b) what are the current special education practices? (c) what are parents' views on communication supports, inclusion and literacy? Sixty-seven parents from the Western, Southern and Northern provinces participated in an in-person survey interview. The results indicated no children older than 14 years and very few children with severe needs received school services. This study identified some key implications including a need for Speech and Language Therapists to work in schools. It also discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing inclusive education in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Beyond the Feeble Mind: Foregrounding the Personhood of Inmates with
           Significant Intellectual Disabilities in the Era of Institutionalization

    • Authors: Holly Allen, Erin Fuller
      Abstract: This essay explores the experiences of persons with significant intellectual disabilities at the Vermont State School for Feebleminded Children (later Brandon Training School) in the period 1915-1960.  We discuss the limits of existing histories of intellectual disability in accounting for the distinct experiences of significantly intellectually disabled people. This essay works to correct the tendency to define the nominal intellectual disability of "morons" and "borderline" cases—both in the past and in disability historiography of the past—against the abject, embodied difference of the "low-grade idiot" or "imbecile."  The history we offer has implications for the present-day disability rights movement.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Battling Voices: Schizophrenia as Social Relation in Abel García
           Roure's Una cierta verdad [A Certain Truth] (2008)

    • Authors: Benjamin Fraser
      Abstract: Director Abel García Roure studied filmmaking with Joaquim Jordà at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra de Barcelona, and this, his first long-form cinematic product, is a highly nuanced documentary prioritizing the interplay between the film's two privileged groups: providers and patients. The battle of voices we watch unfold on screen is a social dialogue between these two polarized groups of actors. The potential resolution of this conflict—in this Global Disability Studies reading of García Roure's film—seemingly lies outside of the clinical institutions into which we are drawn along with these necessarily social actors. This article linked the content and form of the film through an analysis that bridges its social and spatial context, previous Disability Studies work on Spanish cultural production, and the writings of Michel Foucault. Ultimately, the film suggests that it is the clinical paradigm's low tolerance for nuance and lack of precise tools that in fact perpetuates this ongoing battle of voices. The resulting picture emphasizes schizophrenia as a cognitive disability that must be understood simultaneously as a social relation.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Introduction

    • Authors: Allyson Day, Kim E. Nielsen
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Being Disoriented: Uncertain Encounters with Disability

    • Authors: Ryan C. Parrey
      Abstract: Disorienting encounter with disability are those in which the meaning of disability is an open question, and in which our relation to it is questionable. This essay explores the relationship between disability and disorientation on conceptual but also concrete levels. First, I examine the connection between disability and disorientation within disability studies. Second, I provide a preliminary sketch of disorientation through what I call ontic disruption and ontological disorientation. Third, I take up Leder's (1990) articulation of bodily disappearance and embodied dysappearance to address ableist violence. Finally, I develop the notion of dysorientation — a prolonged, persistent or recurrent sense of disorientation — as a useful concept for understanding experiences of ableism but also as a significant meeting point between impairment and disability.  
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Implementing universal design in a Norwegian context: Balancing core
           values and practical priorities

    • Authors: Inger Marie Lid
      Abstract: How can urban planning processes include perspectives from people with disabilities? This paper discusses the implementation of universal design (UD) and accessibility in a local urban context. Universal design consists of both core values, such as inclusion and equal status, and specific design initiatives, such as design of pavement surfaces and benches. The aim of implementing universal designing strategies is to achieve equal access for all citizens. The paper interprets the urbanist Henri Lefebvre's notion of the right to the city as a right to participate in urban life and thus a dimension of equal citizenship on a very concrete level. The right to participate in urban life is closely linked to access to the built environment. Based on an empirical study of an urban redesign project, I argue that equal access must imply both access to public places and to political processes.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Employment officers' assessments of employment prospects for persons
           with physical disability: Structural discrimination on the basis of gender
           and country of birth

    • Authors: Munir Dag, Christian Kullberg
      Abstract: This article concerns employment officers' assessments of persons with physical disabilities. The aim was to investigate the assessments made by employment officers of the motivation and ability to obtain, keep, and successfully perform a job, when young women and men, of Swedish and foreign country of birth, seek employment. The study is qualitative and data were collected via interviews supported by the vignette method. The respondents were eight employment officers working in employment offices in a large and a medium-sized municipality in Sweden. The results show that the employment officers assess the job seekers born in a foreign country (Iran) as less motivated to find a job and less motivated to work compared to those born in Sweden. The results also show that the applicants born in a foreign country are recommended to seek less-qualified jobs, and that women born in Sweden are recommended for more professional assistance and support to further education than other applicants. The study reveals the existence of negative ethnic discrimination in employment officers' assessments of employment prospects for persons with physical disabilities and indicates that improvements may be needed in the officers' understanding of how unconscious stereotypical expectations concerning disabilities, gender and ethnicity can affect their assessments and decisions. It is suggested that careful consideration should be given to whether pedagogic models that have been used in other contexts, for instance education, could be used as a complement in the management of cases in order to detect biases in assessments.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The impact of Disability Studies curriculum on education
           professionals' perspectives and practice: Implications for education,
           social justice, and social change

    • Authors: Holly Pearson
      Abstract: As a field, Disability Studies has gained ground in the past few decades by highlighting alternative ways of thinking about disability as a social, cultural, and political phenomenon. As more education professionals pursue advanced degrees with a Disability Studies framework, there is a need to understand how, if at all, Disability Studies influences their perspectives and practices. This study employed semi-structured interviews with nine doctoral students enrolled in a Doctorate of Philosophy in Education program that used the framework of Disability Studies, who are also practicing education professionals, to explore how gaining knowledge about Disability Studies impacted their daily work in the field of education. Through their experiences, they indicated that Disability Studies has transformed their conceptualization of disability, their practices, and themselves.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The Hand of The Silent Worker: Reading an ASL imageword

    • Authors: Pamela J. Kincheloe
      Abstract: The essay argues that the attempt to represent ASL in two dimensions is not a new, postmodern phenomenon, but is instead one that is embedded in deaf history at least as far back as the nineteenth century.  The essay then provides a close, historically contextual reading of a particular illustration from the October 1928 issue of The Silent Worker, showing evidence of a multivocal imageword; a successful two dimensional representation of ASL, depicted in a clash with the heteroglossic English text with which it appears.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Cleavings: Critical Losses in the Politics of Gain

    • Authors: Michael Davidson
      Abstract: Many of Emily Dickinson's best known poems deal with the loss of sight, based on her own experiences with temporary blindness in the mid 1860s, but they are less about the absence of sight than about how she experiences the limits of consciousness: "I could not see to see." She probed the loss of sensation for what it could teach her about what is most familiar—and thus invisible. Using poems by Emily Dickinson and recent work in cultural and queer theory, this essay explores the fine line between "gain" and "loss" in disability studies. Using the author's experience of sudden hearing loss, "Cleavings" argues that recent claims for "deaf gain" have vaunted possibilities of cultural inclusiveness to the exclusion of affective realms of frustration, loss, and failure that are seldom acknowledged experiences of deaf and hard-of-hearing persons. While endorsing the general thrust of deaf gain and its implications for the larger context of disability, "Cleavings" argues for a more critical understanding of loss in the politics of gain. 
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Explanation not Excuse: Attention Deficit Disorder, Collegiality and
           Coalition

    • Authors: David P. Terry
      Abstract: This ethnopoetic essay performs some of the professional, interpersonal and political challenges presented by ADHD and some of the ways in which non-visible disabilities intersect with other axes of privilege and accessibility.
      PubDate: 2016-05-26
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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