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Journal Cover Disability Studies Quarterly
  [24 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1041-5718 - ISSN (Online) 2159-8371
   Published by Ohio State University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Editors' Introduction

    • Authors: Michael Rembis, Tanja Aho
      PubDate: 2015-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Casualties of History: Wounded Japanese Servicemen and the Second World

    • Authors: John M. Kinder
      PubDate: 2015-11-16
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Space and Affect: Using Heidegger to Re-interpret the Disability

    • Authors: Josephine A. Seguna
      Abstract: Space, a vital element of contemporary social boundaries, has prompted debate into the significance, embodiment, construction of spatiality and the marginality and exclusion of minorities. Such 'disabled' relations' at the intersection of self and other, self and self, and self and objects function through spatial organization and negotiations of power in everyday experiences. Martin Heidegger's interpretation of space (Being and Time, 1927) allows for new considerations of existence in relation to categorization, labelling and exile of those outside mass society. Human existence is not one of subjectivity but rather the nature of the world through 'Space' as a condition of individual experience and inclusive of all aspects of Dasein's Being-in-the-world-with-others. This paper, using Heidegger's analysis, highlights social interaction and construction of disability as a product of interpretive processes, creating and maintaining division between 'normal and other' and thus ignoring the possibility of conceiving disability as a legitimate, valued embodied difference. Keywords: Spatiality, Heidegger, Disability, Ableism, Critical Disability Studies
      PubDate: 2015-11-16
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • The Capacity Contract: Intellectual Disability and the Question of

    • Authors: Allison C. Carey
      PubDate: 2015-11-11
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Disability, Health, and Happiness in the Shakespearean Body

    • Authors: David Houston Wood
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • The Measure of Manliness: Disability and Masculinity in the Mid-Victorian

    • Authors: Marion Quirici
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Rights Enabled: The Disability Revolution from the US, to Germany and
           Japan, to the United Nations

    • Authors: Lindsey Patterson
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Already Doing It: Intellectual Disability and Sexual Agency

    • Authors: Andrew Barron Marcum
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • A History and Sociology of the Willowbrook State School

    • Authors: Kathryn Lawton
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Fixed: The Science/Fiction of Human Enhancement

    • Authors: Alison Kafer
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • A Special Hell: Institutional Life in Alberta's Eugenic Years

    • Authors: Erika Dyck
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Toward a History of the Blind in Spain

    • Authors: Madeline Sutherland-Meier
      Abstract: This paper uses archival documents, literature, and art to sketch the history of the blind in Spain. Traditionally, certain occupations, such as singing and playing musical instruments, saying prayers and selling chapbooks were reserved for the blind. Spanish artists and writers have portrayed the blind engaged in these occupations. Starting in the Middle Ages, the blind established powerful brotherhoods through which they controlled these professions. The changing roles that the blind played in the creation, production, performance and sale of popular literature known as literatura de cordel show their successful adaptation to an emerging print culture. The situation of the blind today and the success of the National Organization of the Spanish Blind (ONCE) are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Perceptions of Brain-Machine Interface Technology among Mothers of
           Disabled Children

    • Authors: Lucy Diep, Gregor Wolbring
      Abstract: Communication technologies are constantly transforming the way we communicate and interact with each other, and with our environment, with its impact affecting everyone including disabled people and the groups linked to them. The brain-machine interface (BMI) is one example of an emerging communication technology envisioned to transform the way we communicate and interact with each other and our environment in the near future. One group targeted to use BMI technology and impacted by others using BMI are disabled people. For disabled people and their families, the impact and implications of adopting BMI technologies is important to understand so they can make informed decisions and advocate for policies governing the technology's application to decrease negative and increase positive outcomes. In this study, we interviewed nine mothers of disabled children, with no prior knowledge of BMI technology, to explore their perceptions and attitude toward the technology. Five main themes emerged from our findings: the potential benefit to aid mothers to interpret their children's needs; the potential benefit to expand a child's social network; the preference for non-invasive BMI approach; impact of BMI use by non-disabled people and cost and qualification barriers.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Leveling the Playing Field? Communication Technology as a Predictor of
           Future Attainments for Deaf Young Adults

    • Authors: Carrie Lou Garberoglio, Duncan Dickson, Stephanie Cawthon, Mark Bond
      Abstract: Communication technologies are often proposed to level the playing field for individuals with disabilities, but the benefits may be magnified for deaf individuals in particular due to the communication barriers experienced by these individuals. In this paper, we set out to test the assumption that increased engagement with communication technology, specifically computer-mediated communication, during adolescence would contribute to actual attainment gains in adult life for deaf individuals in three domains: life, education, and employment. A secondary analysis using the National Longitudinal Transition Study 2 (NLTS2) was conducted, allowing for a longitudinal examination of deaf individuals' experiences in the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Findings revealed that deaf individuals who engaged with computer-mediated communication at higher frequencies during adolescence did not reveal discernible gains in adult life attainments in any domain. We propose that the benefits of communication technology only go so far, and that achieving greater equitable outcomes for deaf individuals requires larger systemic change.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • Errant Bodies: Relational Aesthetics, Digital Communication, and the
           Autistic Analogy

    • Authors: Anne Pasek
      Abstract: This paper addresses growing anxieties over the past two decades within media studies and visual art concerning the negative effects of technological sociality. Noting the recurrent use of the language of cognitive impairments—particularly that of autism—in appraisals of mediated relational deficits, this paper investigates the parallel production of ability and disability within privileged models of relationality and its aesthetics. Rather than attempting to police or restore valorized forms and practices of interpersonal exchange, I call for a more inclusive approach to relationality predicated upon a disability studies approach. Looking specifically to the Second Life performance works of Eva and Franco Mattes, I argue that technologically-produced social impairments can be productively approached as sites of alternative and adaptive relationalities. 
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • “What’s the point of having friends?”: Reformulating
           Notions of the Meaning of Friends and Friendship among Autistic People

    • Abstract: In this paper we discuss the notion of 'autistic friendship'. Drawing on articles published in the Swedish advocacy magazine Empowerment, written for and by autistic people, a thematic analysis explores two interrelated themes: the meaning and performance of friendship in non-autistic (NT) and autistic (AS) worlds and the meaning of space in social interaction and community. Articles published in the magazine frequently discuss autistic only spaces as safe places in which to make friends with other autistic people and also in which to perhaps learn how to manage social interactions with the dominant non-autistic (NT) culture.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
  • "We are not aliens": Exploring the Meaning of Disability and the
           Nature of Belongingness in a Fourth Grade Classroom

    • Authors: Priya Lalvani
      Abstract: In this narrative essay I describe the process and outcomes of a group of fourth graders' engagement in a critical inquiry into the constructed meaning of disability in society.  Through self-directed and guided learning, these students examined the historical roots of disability oppression and deconstructed ableist assumptions, and thus found their own understanding about community membership to be transformed.  Positioning the need to infuse disability history in schools as an imperative, this paper invites disability studies scholars and social justice educators alike to confront the silences around the topic of disability in schools and to create spaces for children to engage in meaningful dialogues about society's responses to human differences.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 35 (2015)
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