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Journal Cover Disability Studies Quarterly
  [23 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1041-5718 - ISSN (Online) 2159-8371
   Published by Ohio State University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • iTechnology as cure or iTechnology as empowerment: What do North American
           news media report?

    • Authors: Beth Haller, Chelsea Temple Jones, Vishaya Naidoo, Art Blaser, Lindzey Galliford
      Abstract: With the growth of tablet technology as a communication method for many people with disabilities, the news media have created new narratives about disability, as well as reinforcing older narratives. This project evaluates U.S. and Canadian print news media coverage of people with communication disabilities and iTechnology (Apple products), as well as other new tablet and smart phone technology, being used as communication devices. Using qualitative analysis, the project investigates media coverage since 2007, when the first iPhone was available, through 2012 (N=98). Themes evaluated in the stories were related to the medical model, the social model, and the Supercrip model, as well as investigating economic models related to the expense of and access to iTechnology. These media stories are rich texts that illustrate how news narratives about disability are changing, especially when disability stories intersect with the new hot topic of iTechnology.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Disability, Narrative, and Moral Status

    • Authors: Elizabeth B. Purcell
      Abstract: The present essay aims to respond to recent arguments which maintain that persons with severe cognitive impairments should not enjoy the full moral status or equal dignity as other "cognitively-able" humans. In the debate concerning moral standing and worth, philosophers Singer and McMahan have argued that individuals with certain impairments should not be granted full moral status and therefore, by extension, should not be awarded the same inviolability as humans without cognitive impairments. In response, I argue that an overlooked social ability – the capacity to narrate – provides grounds for the full moral status of individuals with severe cognitive impairments, and thus provides a defense and support for individuals with such "disabilities" to play a robust role in moral action and contribution to human living. 
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • The Norm___ and the Pathological

    • Authors: Kevin Gotkin
      Abstract: In this paper, I read The Normal and the Pathological by French philosopher Georges Canguilhem for what it can offer disability theory. I examine how the field has already taken up the text but further, I argue for The Normal and the Pathological as a keystone of disability theory (currently taken up with curiously reserved energy). I start with a précis on the text before offering a condensed citation analysis of the book. In the latter part of the paper, I suggest how the monograph might inform current conversations and I offer possibilities for it to deepen and complicate core notions about disability, including the social model, norms, normalcy, and the normate. I conclude by suggesting that Canguilhem’s philosophical intervention can be understood as "propulsive atavism" – an excavation of medical epistemology in order to map and reconfigure its legacies – and I propose this as one methodological template for disability scholarship.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • The right to education: What is happening for disabled students in New
           Zealand?

    • Authors: Alison Kearney
      Abstract: New Zealand is a country of 4.2 million people with a record of meeting and often exceeding human rights standards, and of contributing to the development of international human rights treaties and covenants (New Zealand Human Rights Commission 2010). Despite this, exclusion both from and within education is a reality for some children from minority groups, and in particular, disabled students (Kearney, 2011; MacArthur, 2009; New Zealand Human Rights Commission, 2010). This paper examines disabled students' right to education in New Zealand, highlighting barriers to the realization of this right. Results from a survey of parents of disabled students who had been excluded and/or marginalized from school are reported and discussed in light of national and international literature.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Horrible Heroes: Liberating Alternative Visions of Disability in Horror

    • Authors: Melinda Hall
      Abstract: Understanding disability requires understanding its social construction, and social construction can be read in cultural products. In this essay, I look to one major locus for images of persons with disabilities—horror. Horror films and fiction use disability imagery to create and augment horror. I first situate my understanding of disability imagery in the horror genre using a case study read through the work of Julia Kristeva. But, I go on to argue that trademark moves in the horror genre, which typically support ableist assumptions, can be used to subvert ableism and open space for alternative social and political thinking about disability. I point to the work of Tim Burton and Stephen King to demonstrate these possibilities in horror.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Introduction

    • Authors: Allyson Day, Kim E. Nielsen
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • The Body and its Able-ness: Articulating In/Eligibility through Rhetorics
           of Motherhood, Unjust Language, and Questionable Medical Authority

    • Authors: Rachel D. Davidson, Lara C. Stache
      Abstract: This essay analyzes a controversy involving Amelia (Mia) Rivera, a three-year old girl who was denied a life-saving kidney transplant in January 2012. As reported by Mia's mother, Chrissy, on her blog post, Mia was denied the kidney transplant because of her mental disability. Throughout the public discussion that took place over a few short weeks, we argue Mia's ineligibility was rearticulated through rhetorics of motherhood, unjust body language, and questions about medical authority. we suggest this indicates that descriptions of the body and its able-ness carry more weight in the public's understanding of health issues than does medical authority.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Virtual realities: The use of violent video games in U.S. military
           recruitment and treatment of mental disability caused by war

    • Authors: John Derby
      Abstract: This article critically analyzes the U.S. military's contradictory use of violent video gaming technologies for recruiting young gamers to the military, training soldiers for combat, and clinically treating soldiers for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by military service. Using a Disability Studies lens, I discuss the commercial video game Full Spectrum Leader/Warrior, the U.S. Army's free video game America's Army, and the virtual reality exposure therapy application Virtual Iraq. I also discuss missions and omissions from the literature on these gaming technologies, which bolsters the underlying ableism of military culture that inhibits soldiers from recovering from PTSD.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • OUT OF SIGHT, STILL IN MIND: visually impaired women's embodied
           accounts of ideal femininity

    • Authors: Tara A. Fannon
      Abstract: With its emphasis on physical form, the diffusion of the feminine ideal relies heavily on the use of visual imagery but there is a common knowledge about  the feminine ideal that penetrates language and discourse. The relationship between mainstream representations of the feminine ideal and non-disabled female body/self dissatisfaction has been well-documented over the years but less attention has been given to understanding how such visual representations affect women with disabilities, specifically women with visual disabilities. Drawing on qualitative data taken from the personal diaries and in-depth interviews with seven blind and visually impaired Irish women, and using a feminist disability model reinforced by sociology of the body, gender theory and visual studies, I examine what it means to be a young woman with a visual disability living in a visually-reliant, appearance-oriented culture. I explore interpretations and expressions of femininity and beauty, the complicated, often fraught, relationship with female body and self and the rituals and practices used to manage appearance while having a disability.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Brokenness / Transformation: Reflections on Academic Critiques of
           L'Arche

    • Authors: Madeline Burghardt
      Abstract: L'Arche, an international federation of communities for adults with intellectual disabilities, has been critiqued by disability studies scholars throughout its fifty-year history due to its religiosity, its apparent lack of a rigorous stance on the need to address policy concerning people with disabilities, its philosophy concerning disability's meanings, and features of its language and discourse.  I address these concerns as someone who is both an academic and a long-term member of a L'Arche community. While there is historically limited and uneasy interaction between these two communities, I suggest there is potential for mutual and worthwhile exchange from theoretical and practical perspectives.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Review of Deaf and Hearing Siblings in Conversation

    • Authors: Joan M Ostrove
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • "What is disability? It depends whose shoes you are
           wearing": Parent understandings of the concept of disability

    • Authors: Kathy Cologon
      Abstract: This study investigates parent perspectives on the meaning of 'disability'. One hundred and twenty-one parents in Australia, each of whom have one or more children labelled with impairments, participated in this study. Parent definitions of disability are considered in light of the contrasting dominant deficit discourse involved in the medical model pathologizing of children labelled with impairments, and the social model positioning of disability as oppression of a minority group. Thematic analysis is used to examine parent views and to consider the relevance of social and medical models of disability to families. This study, that forms part of a larger study on family experiences of inclusion and exclusion, contributes to developing a deeper understanding of family experiences and the ways in which parents define disability. Overall, Thomas' social relational model of disability was found to be particularly salient to understanding the experiences of the families participating in this study.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Selective Abortion as Moral Failure? Revaluation of the Feminist Case
           for Reproductive Rights in a Disability Context

    • Authors: Claire McKinney
      Abstract: Of feminism and disability theory's many overlapping concerns, few have received as much attention as prenatal genetic diagnosis and selective abortion. While the attention to how genetic selection reinforces disability stigma is important, much of this writing has failed to present the feminist case for the right to unrestricted abortion. This oversight has led to an articulation of the disability critique of selective abortion that threatens the very claims to reproductive freedom and bodily self-determination that undergird disability politics as well. This article rearticulates the feminist case for unrestricted reproductive rights in order to challenge the current framing of prenatal genetic diagnosis as an ethical failure and to present the opportunity to refigure reproductive rights as disability rights.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 1 (2016)
       
 
 
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