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Journal Cover United European Gastroenterology Journal
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2050-6406 - ISSN (Online) 2050-6414
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [853 journals]
  • Timing of oral refeeding in acute pancreatitis: A systematic review and
           meta-analysis
    • Authors: Horibe, M; Nishizawa, T, Suzuki, H, Minami, K, Yahagi, N, Iwasaki, E, Kanai, T.
      Pages: 725 - 732
      Abstract: Background and aimThe optimal timing of oral refeeding in acute pancreatitis is unclear. This study aimed to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared early oral refeeding with standard oral refeeding in acute pancreatitis.MethodsPubMed, the Cochrane library, and the Igaku-Chuo-Zasshi database were searched in order to identify RCTs eligible for inclusion in the systematic review. The weighted mean differences (WMDs) or odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.ResultsFive eligible RCTs were included. Compared with standard oral refeeding, early oral refeeding significantly decreased the length of hospital stay (WMD: –2.22, 95%CI: –3.37 to –1.08, p = 0.0001). Although there was heterogeneity (I2 = 56%, p = 0.06), subgroup analysis of the refeeding criteria (immediate group and hungry group) eliminated the heterogeneity. There was no significant difference between the early refeeding group and standard refeeding groups with respect abdominal pain and distension (OR 1.14; 95%CI 0.65–1.99 and OR 1.53; 95%CI 0.81–2.90).ConclusionsCompared with standard oral refeeding, early oral refeeding safely reduced the length of hospital stay in patients with acute pancreatitis.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615612368
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Endoscopic modalities for the diagnosis of Barretts oesophagus
    • Authors: Sharma, N; Srivastava, S, Kern, F, Xian, W, Ming, T, McKeon, F, Ho, K. Y.
      Pages: 733 - 740
      Abstract: Barrett’s oesophagus is a pre-malignant condition associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Currently white light endoscopy and biopsy is the mainstay diagnostic tool. Yet this approach is troubled by issues related to cumbersome biopsy sampling, biopsy sampling errors and cost. Therefore in order to overcome such adversity, there needs to be evolutionary advancement in terms of diagnosis, which should address these concerns and ideally enhance risk stratification in order to provide timely management in real time. This review highlights the current endoscopic tools aimed to enhance the diagnosis of Barrett’s oesophagus and its subsequent progression.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615619281
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Transplantation of tissue-engineered cell sheets for stricture prevention
           after endoscopic submucosal dissection of the oesophagus
    • Authors: Jonas, E; Sjöqvist, S, Elbe, P, Kanai, N, Enger, J, Haas, S. L, Mohkles-Barakat, A, Okano, T, Takagi, R, Ohki, T, Yamamoto, M, Kondo, M, Markland, K, Lim, M. L, Yamato, M, Nilsson, M, Permert, J, Blomberg, P, Löhr, J.-M.
      Pages: 741 - 753
      Abstract: Background and objectiveEndoscopic mucosal dissection (ESD) is a treatment option for oesophagus tumours localized to the mucosa enabling en bloc removal of large lesions. The resulting larger mucosal defects have resulted in an increase in the occurrence of post-treatment strictures. Transplantation of autologous cell sheets, cultured from oral mucosa, has been shown to prevent post-ESD strictures. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of cell sheet transplantation after oesophageal ESD in a Western patient population where reflux-associated pre-malignant and malignant conditions predominate.MethodsPatients with Barrett’s oesophagus associated high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma where ESD entailed a resection >3 cm in length and ≥75% of the circumference were eligible for treatment under hospital exemption. Cell sheets were cultured from buccal mucosa according to Good Manufacturing Practice and were endoscopically applied to the post-ESD defect directly after resection. Patients were followed with weekly endoscopy examinations, including confocal laser microscopy, for a total of four weeks.ResultsFive patients were treated. ESD was extensive with resections being circumferential in three patients and 9–10 cm in length in two. The number of transplanted cell sheets ranged from two to six. Three patients developed strictures requiring two to five dilatation sessions.ConclusionsCell sheet transplantation shows to be safe and feasible in a Western population. Results suggest that transplantation has a protective effect on the mucosal defect after ESD, decreasing both the risk for and extent of stricture formation.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616631205
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • The risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma in a prospectively recruited
           Barretts oesophagus cohort
    • Authors: Theron, B; Padmanabhan, H, Aladin, H, Smith, P, Campbell, E, Nightingale, P, Cooper, B, Trudgill, N.
      Pages: 754 - 761
      Abstract: BackgroundVarying rates of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) complicating Barrett’s oesophagus (BO) have been reported. Recent studies and meta-analyses suggest a lower incidence, questioning the value of endoscopic surveillance.AimWe aimed to retrospectively examine the rate of OAC, risk factors and causes of death in a prospectively recruited BO cohort.MethodsData from patients with BO from a cohort from 1982–2007 were studied. Patients were subdivided into surveyed, failed to attend surveillance and unfit for surveillance. Standardised mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated for common causes of death. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine which factors were associated with progression to OAC.ResultsIn total, 671 BO patients (61% male) were studied; 37 (76% male) were diagnosed with OAC. OAC incidence was 0.47% per annum and stable across three decades (1982–1991 0.56%, 1992–2001 0.46%, 2002–2012 0.41% (p = 0.8)). All-cause mortality was increased for the whole cohort (SMR 163(95% CI 145–183)). Mortality from OAC appeared higher in patients who failed to attend surveillance (SMR 3216(95% CI 1543–5916)) compared with surveyed (SMR 1753(95% CI 933–2998)) and those unfit for surveillance due to co-morbidity (SMR 440(95% CI 143–1025)). Multivariable analysis identified low-grade dysplasia (HR 4.4(95% CI 1.56–12.43), p = 0.005) and length of BO (HR 1.2(95% (1.1–1.3)), p < 0.001)) as associated with OAC.ConclusionsProgression to OAC appeared stable over three decades at 0.47% per annum. Patients with BO had a modest increase in all-cause mortality and a large increase in OAC mortality, particularly if fit for surveillance. Low-grade dysplasia and the length of the BO segment were associated with developing OAC.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616632419
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Real-world Helicobacter pylori diagnosis in patients referred for
           esophagoduodenoscopy: The gap between guidelines and clinical practice
    • Authors: Shirin, D; Matalon, S, Avidan, B, Broide, E, Shirin, H.
      Pages: 762 - 769
      Abstract: Background and aimsHistopathology is the most accurate test to detect H. pylori when performed correctly with unknown validity in daily practice clinic settings. We aimed to determine the rate of potentially false-negative H. pylori results that might be due to continued use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in routine endoscopy practice. We also aimed to establish whether gastroenterologists recommend routine cessation of PPIs before esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and whether they regularly document that biopsies for H. pylori testing have been taken while the patients are on PPI treatment.MethodsDetailed information about three known factors (PPIs, antibiotics and prior H. pylori eradication treatment), which may cause histology or rapid urease test (RUT) to be unreliable, had been prospectively collected through interviews using a questionnaire before each test. Gastric biopsies were stained with H&E for histological analysis.ResultsA total of 409 individuals at three academic gastroenterology institutions were tested 200 times with histology. Fifty-six per cent (68 of 122) of all negative tests fell in the category of continuing PPI use, which had the potential to make the histology and RUT results unreliable.ConclusionsThese data demonstrate a clear and important gap between current guidelines and real-world practice with regards to the diagnosis of H. pylori during EGD. A negative histology or RUT should be considered false negative until potential protocol violations are excluded. Documentation of PPI use during the EGD should be an integral part of the EGD report. The current practice of taking biopsies for H. pylori testing in patients under PPIs should be reevaluated.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615626052
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Endoscopic management of patients with post-surgical leaks involving the
           gastrointestinal tract: A large case series
    • Authors: Manta, R; Caruso, A, Cellini, C, Sica, M, Zullo, A, Mirante, V. G, Bertani, H, Frazzoni, M, Mutignani, M, Galloro, G, Conigliaro, R.
      Pages: 770 - 777
      Abstract: BackgroundPost-surgical anastomotic leaks often require a re-intervention, are associated with a definite morbidity and mortality, and with relevant costs. We described a large series of patients with different post-surgical leaks involving the gastrointestinal tract managed with endoscopy as initial approach.MethodsThis was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected cases with anastomotic leaks managed with different endoscopic approaches (with surgical or radiological drainage when needed) in two endoscopic centres during 5 years. Interventions included: (1) over-the-scope clip (OTSC) positioning; (2) placement of a covered self-expanding metal stent (SEMS); (3) fibrin glue injection (Tissucol); and (4) endo-sponge application, according to both the endoscopic feature and patient’s status.ResultsA total of 76 patients underwent endoscopic treatment for a leak either in the upper (47 cases) or lower (29 cases) gastrointestinal tract, and the approach was successful in 39 (83%) and 22 (75.9%) patients, respectively, accounting for an overall 80.3% success rate. Leak closure was achieved in 84.9% and 78.3% of patients managed by using a single or a combination of endoscopic devices. Overall, leak closure failed in 15 (19.7%) patients, and the surgical approach was successful in all 14 patients who underwent re-intervention, whilst one patient died due to sepsis at 7 days.ConclusionsOur data suggest that an endoscopic approach, with surgical or radiological drainage when needed, is successful and safe in the majority of patients with anastomotic gastrointestinal leaks. Therefore, an endoscopic treatment could be attempted before resorting to more invasive, costly and risky re-intervention.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615626051
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Multiple, zonal and multi-zone adenoma detection rates according to
           quality of cleansing during colonoscopy
    • Authors: Pontone, S; Hassan, C, Maselli, R, Pontone, P, Angelini, R, Brighi, M, Patrizi, G, Pironi, D, Magliocca, F. M, Filippini, A.
      Pages: 778 - 783
      Abstract: BackgroundThe safety and diagnostic accuracy of colonoscopy depend on the quality of colon cleansing. The adenoma detection rate is usually used as a quality measurement score.ObjectiveWe aimed to introduce and evaluate three new parameters to determine polyps and adenomas segmental localization and their distribution in association with different bowel preparation levels during colonoscopy. We introduce the multiple adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy), the zonal adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy in different colon areas (rectum, sigmoid, descending, transverse, ascending and cecum colon)), and multi-zone adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy in different colon areas with at least a segment between them with or without lesions (i.e. rectum and descending colon with or without lesions in the sigmoid)).MethodsWe prospectively enrolled outpatients who underwent colonoscopy from January 2013 to October 2014. The bowel preparation quality, according to the Aronchick modified scale, number and location of lesions, Paris classification and histology, were recorded. The multiple adenoma/polyp detection rate, zonal adenoma/polyp detection rate, and multi-zone adenoma/polyp detection rate were determined.ResultsIn total, 519 consecutive patients (266/253 M/F; mean age 55.3 ± 12.8 years) were enrolled. The adenoma and polyp detection rates were 21% and 35%, respectively. Multiple adenomas were detected in 28 patients. Adenoma and polyp detection rate and new parameters were statistically significantly higher in the optimal as compared with the adequate bowel preparation.ConclusionsAn optimal level of bowel preparation was strongly associated not only with a higher adenoma detection rate, but also with a higher chance of detecting multiple clinically relevant lesions in adjacent or discrete segments of the colon.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615617356
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Risk factors for complications after ileocolonic resection for Crohns
           disease with a major focus on the impact of preoperative immunosuppressive
           and biologic therapy: A retrospective international multicentre study
    • Authors: Yamamoto, T; Spinelli, A, Suzuki, Y, Saad-Hossne, R, Teixeira, F. V, de Albuquerque, I. C, da Silva, R. N, de Barcelos, I. F, Takeuchi, K, Yamada, A, Shimoyama, T, da Silva Kotze, L. M, Sacchi, M, Danese, S, Kotze, P. G.
      Pages: 784 - 793
      Abstract: Background In the era of biologic agents, risk factors for complications following resection for Crohn’s disease have not been fully identified. In particular, the association of preoperative use of immunosuppressive and biologic agents with the incidence of complications after resection remains to be elucidated.AimThis retrospective multicentre study aimed to identify risk factors for complications after ileocolonic resection for Crohn’s disease, with a major focus on the impact of preoperative immunosuppressive and biologic therapy.MethodsA total of 231 consecutive patients who underwent ileocolonic resections for active Crohn’s disease in seven inflammatory bowel disease referral centres from three countries (Japan, Brazil and Italy) were included. The following variables were investigated as potential risk factors: age at surgery, gender, behaviour of Crohn’s disease (perforating vs. non-perforating disease), smoking, preoperative use (within eight weeks before surgery) of steroids, immunosuppressants and biologic agents, previous resection, blood transfusion, surgical procedure (open vs. laparoscopic approach), and type of anastomosis (side-to-side vs. end-to-end). Postoperative complications occurring within 30 days after surgery were recorded.ResultsThe rates of overall complications, intra-abdominal sepsis, and anastomotic leak were 24%, 12% and 8%, respectively. Neither immunosuppressive nor biologic therapy prior to surgery was significantly associated with the incidence of overall complications, intra-abdominal sepsis or anastomotic leak. In multivariate analysis, blood transfusion, perforating disease and previous resection were significant risk factors for overall complications (odds ratio [OR] 3.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.21–7.52; P = 0.02), intra-abdominal sepsis (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.04–6.86; P = 0.04) and anastomotic leak (OR 2.87, 95% CI 1.01–8.18; P = 0.048), respectively.ConclusionsBlood transfusion, perforating disease and previous resection were significant risk factors for overall complications, intra-abdominal sepsis and anastomotic leak after ileocolonic resection for Crohn’s disease, respectively. Preoperative immunosuppressive or biologic therapy did not increase the risk of postoperative complications.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640615600116
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Endoscopic balloon dilatation of Crohns-associated intestinal strictures:
           High patient satisfaction and long-term efficacy
    • Authors: Rueda Guzman, A; Wehkamp, J, Kirschniak, A, Naumann, A, Malek, N. P, Goetz, M.
      Pages: 794 - 799
      Abstract: IntroductionStricture formation is a common long-term complication of Crohn’s disease. Endoscopic balloon dilatation offers a bowel-sparing treatment option, but long-term outcome and its association with patient-, stricture-, and procedure-related factors is only poorly understood. Patient satisfaction with endoscopic balloon dilatation is largely unknown.MethodsWe performed a retrospective review of all endoscopic balloon dilatation for Crohn’s disease-related strictures between January 2005 and January 2013. Long-term outcome, complication rates and predictive factors were evaluated. Patient satisfaction was assessed using a questionnaire and telephone interviews.ResultsA total of 118 balloon dilatations were performed for 69 strictures in 46 patients. One patient was excluded from further analysis due to malignancy. Median time from diagnosis of Crohn’s disease to symptomatic stricture formation was 19 years. Technical success, defined as passage of the endoscope after dilatation, was reportedly obtained in 95 of 106 procedures (89.6%). Two perforations occurred, one of which could be managed conservatively. No episodes of severe bleeding were recorded (procedure-related complication rate: 2/118; 1.7%). During a median follow-up of 4.8 years (range 0.4–8.7), 55.6% (25/45) of patients were able to avoid surgery. Of the patients, 35.6% (16/45) did not need any further intervention, 40.0% (18/45) underwent more than one dilatation, and 24.4% (11/45) were operated after the first dilatation. The percentage of patients who were satisfied with the procedure and would again opt for balloon dilation as first line therapy was 83.3% (35/42). None of the risk factors examined in this study correlated with the necessity for subsequent surgery.DiscussionEndoscopic balloon dilatation is a safe and effective first line therapy for Crohn’s disease-related strictures. No technical, stenosis-, or patient-related factor reliably predicted sustained dilatation success. Patient satisfaction was high.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616628515
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Late-breaking abstracts
    • Pages: 800 - 811
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616678364
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Reflecting on a highly successful UEG Week 2016
    • Pages: 812 - 812
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616679916
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • UEG Week Vienna 2016 award winners
    • Pages: 813 - 814
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616679915
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Leadership roles for women in gastroenterology: New initiatives for the
           new generation of gastroenterologists
    • Authors: Ilie, M; Fitzgerald, R.
      Pages: 815 - 815
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640616669653
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 816 - 816
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0142331216671104
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
  • Erratum
    • Pages: 816 - 816
      Abstract: Faecal calprotectin levels differentiate intestinal from pulmonary tuberculosis: An observational study from Southern India by Larsson et al., United European Gastroenterology Journal October 2014 2: 397–405, doi: 10.1177/2050640614546947.Figure 1b was printed incorrectly in the above paper. The correct version of this figure is published below.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:52:38-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2050640614561156
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 6 (2016)
       
 
 
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