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Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [9 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 2210-6006
     Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2570 journals]   [SJR: 0.105]   [H-I: 2]
  • Incidence of acute-onset atrial fibrillation correlates with air
           temperature. Results of a nine-year survey
    • Authors: Ivan Comelli; Jayme Ferro, Giuseppe Lippi, Denis Comelli, Elisabetta Sartori, Gianfranco Cervellin
      Pages: 151 - 157
      Abstract: Some diseases, such as renal colic, stroke, and myocardial infarction, correlate with seasonality and microclimatic variations. Although evidence is limited and controversial, a correlation between acute-onset atrial fibrillation (AAF) and seasonality has been previously reported. In order to elucidate the possible correlations between weather and incidence of AAF in a country with a temperate climate, the influence of day-by-day climate changes was analyzed based on the number of visits for AAF (defined as onset of symptoms within 48h) in a large urban Emergency Department (ED) of northern Italy.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-01-10
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2013.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Acceptability of, and willingness to pay for, community health insurance
           in rural India
    • Authors: Ankit Jain; Selva Swetha, Zeena Johar, Ramesh Raghavan
      Pages: 159 - 167
      Abstract: To understand the acceptability of, and willingness to pay for, community health insurance coverage among residents of rural India.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-01-27
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2013.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Coverage of vitamin A supplementation and deworming during in Kenya
    • Authors: Paloma C. Clohossey; Heather I. Katcher, Geoffrey O. Mogonchi, Nancy Nyagoha, Marissa C. Isidro, Evelyn Kikechi, Edgar E.V. Okoth, Jessica L. Blankenship
      Pages: 169 - 176
      Abstract: Twice-yearly child health weeks are an effective way of reaching children with essential child survival services in developing countries. In Kenya, child health weeks, or Malezi Bora, were restructured in 2007 from an outreach-based delivery structure to a health facility-based delivery structure to reduce delivery costs and increase sustainability of the events. Administrative data from 2007 to 2011 have demonstrated a decrease in coverage of Malezi Bora services to targeted children. A post-event coverage (PEC) survey was conducted after the May 2012 Malezi Bora to validate coverage of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) and deworming and to inform program strategy.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-02-10
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2013.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • HIV status, knowledge of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and antenatal
           care use among Ethiopian women
    • Authors: Ida Sahlu; Chanelle J. Howe, Melissa A. Clark, Brandon D.L. Marshall
      Pages: 177 - 184
      Abstract: To determine whether HIV status and knowledge of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV are associated with antenatal care (ANC) use.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-02-19
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • MicroResearch: Finding sustainable local health solutions in East Africa
           through small local research studies
    • Authors: N.E. MacDonald; R. Bortolussi, J. Kabakyenga, S. Pemba, B. Estambale, K.H.M. Kollmann, R. Odoi Adome, M. Appleton
      Pages: 185 - 193
      Abstract: Sub-Saharan African countries have urged grassroots input to improve research capacity. In East Africa, MicroResearch is fostering local ability to find sustainable solutions for community health problems. At 5years, the following reports its progress.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-02-24
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Trend of application of World Health Organization control strategy of
           tuberculosis in Egypt
    • Authors: Amal Saad-Hussein; Asmaa M. Mohammed
      Pages: 195 - 202
      Abstract: World Health Organization (WHO) control policy for tuberculosis (TB) includes Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine at birth, case detection, and treatment of cases with directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS). This policy has been applied through the Ministry of Health and Population in Egypt for more than 30years. The controversies about the efficacy of the BCG vaccination against TB in adults initiate some suggestions for its discontinuation from compulsory vaccinations in countries with low incidence of TB.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-03-13
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Chikungunya outbreak in Al-Hudaydah, Yemen, 2011: Epidemiological
           characterization and key lessons learned for early detection and control
    • Authors: Mamunur Rahman Malik; Abraham Mnzava, Emad Mohareb, Alia Zayed, Abdulhakeem Al Kohlani, Ahmed A.K. Thabet, Hassan El Bushra
      Pages: 203 - 211
      Abstract: Little is known about the occurrence of chikungunya fever in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). In January 2011, the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPH&P) of Yemen reported to WHO an increasing number of “dengue-like” acute febrile illnesses of unknown origin from one of its coastal governorates. An epidemiological investigation was conducted in Al-Hudaydah governorate between 23 and 26 January 2011 by a joint team of WHO, the MoPH&P of Yemen and the U.S.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-03-17
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Neonatal mortality in Nepal: A multilevel analysis of a nationally
    • Authors: Subas Neupane; David Teye Doku
      Pages: 213 - 222
      Abstract: This study investigated individual, community and district level factors associated with neonatal mortality among a national sample of Nepalese women.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Mammography use among women with and without diabetes: Results from the
           Southern Community Cohort Study
    • Authors: Maureen Sanderson; Loren Lipworth, Xijing Han, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, David Shen-Miller, Kushal Patel, William J. Blot, Margaret K. Hargreaves
      Pages: 223 - 230
      Abstract: Studies have shown an increased risk of breast cancer associated with diabetes which may be due to differences in mammography use among women who have diabetes compared with women who do not have diabetes. Baseline data was used from the Southern Community Cohort Study – a prospective cohort study conducted primarily among low-income persons in the southeastern United States – to examine the association between diabetes and mammography use. In-person interviews collected information on diabetes and mammography use from 14,665 white and 30,846 black women aged 40–79years between 2002 and 2009.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-04-21
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • A prospective, observational, epidemiological evaluation of the aetiology
           and antimicrobial susceptibility of acute otitis media in Saudi children
           younger than 5years of age
    • Authors: Khalid A. Al-Mazrou; Atef M. Shibl, Walid Kandeil, Jean-Yves Pirçon, Cinzia Marano
      Pages: 231 - 238
      Abstract: Information regarding acute otitis media (AOM) aetiology is important for developing effective vaccines. Here, bacterial aetiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of AOM were determined in young Saudi children.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-04-23
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Tracking women and children in a Continuum of Reproductive, Maternal,
           Newborn, and Child Healthcare (RMNCH) in India
    • Authors: Rajesh Kumar Rai
      Pages: 239 - 243
      Abstract: The Continuum of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Healthcare (RMNCH) model is suggested to be an effective tool to improve maternal and child health. This short dispatch proposes that if India pursues the continuum of care model, a well-designed follow-up strategy to track prospective mothers and their children is imperative.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-02-13
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2013.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • Objective cardiac markers and cerebrovascular lesions in Indian seniors
    • Authors: Stephanie H. Charles; Amanda C. Tow, Joe Verghese
      Pages: 245 - 247
      Abstract: Cardiovascular risk factors are implicated in cerebrovascular disease, resulting in cognitive impairment. This study investigated the relationship between objective cardiac markers and cerebral changes in older Indian adults with and without dementia. Dementia patients with major electrocardiographic (EKG) abnormalities were 8.19 times more likely to have evidence of stroke on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with patients with no EKG abnormalities (p
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 4, 3 (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-03-31
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014)
  • The association between disability and cognitive impairment in an elderly
           Tanzanian population
    • Authors: Catherine L. Dotchin; Stella-Maria Paddick, William K. Gray, Aloyce Kisoli, Golda Orega, Anna R. Longdon, Paul Chaote, Felicity Dewhurst, Matthew Dewhurst, Richard W. Walker
      Abstract: Cognitive impairment is thought to be a major cause of disability worldwide, though data from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are sparse. This study aimed to investigate the association between cognitive impairment and disability in a cohort of community-dwelling older adults living in Tanzania. The study cohort of 296 people aged 70years and over was recruited as part of a dementia prevalence study. Subjects were diagnosed as having dementia or mild cognitive impairment according to the DSM-IV criteria.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-23
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.09.004
  • Factors associated with incident HIV infection versus prevalent infection
           among youth in Rakai, Uganda
    • Authors: Zoe R. Edelstein; John S. Santelli, Stephane Helleringer, Ashley C. Schuyler, Ying Wei, Sanyukta Mathur, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, David M. Serwadda
      Abstract: Factors associated with prevalent and incident HIV infection were compared among sexually experienced Ugandans aged 15–24. Most factors were similar. However, in women, older age and current marriage were associated with prevalent, but not incident, infection. It is important to recognize the limitations of prevalence analyses for identifying at-risk youth.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-20
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.09.003
  • Does emotion and its daily fluctuation correlate with depression' A
           cross-cultural analysis among six developing countries
    • Authors: Derwin K.C. Chan; Xin Zhang, Helene H. Fung, Martin S. Hagger
      Abstract: Utilizing a World Health Organization (WHO) multi-national dataset, the present study examined the relationships between emotion, affective variability (i.e., the fluctuation of emotional status), and depression across six developing countries, including China (N=15,050); Ghana (N=5,573); India (N=12,198); Mexico (N=5,448); South Africa (N=4,227); and Russia (N=4,947). Using moderated logistic regression and hierarchical multiple regression, the effects of emotion, affective variability, culture, and their interactions on depression and depressive symptoms were examined when statistically controlling for a number of external factors (i.e., age, gender, marital status, education level, income, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet).
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-09
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.09.001
  • Corrigendum to “Neonatal mortality in Nepal: A multilevel analysis
           of a nationally representative” [J. Epidemiol. Global Health 4
           (2014) 213–222]
    • Authors: Subas Neupane; David Teye Doku
      Abstract: The author regrets to inform that the title of the article was incomplete and the complete title should be:
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-07
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.09.002
  • Anaesthesia, surgery, obstetrics, and emergency care in Guyana
    • Authors: H.J. Vansell; J.J. Schlesinger, A. Harvey, J.P. Rohde, S. Persaud, K.A. McQueen
      Abstract: The surgical and anaesthesia needs of low-income countries are mostly unknown due to the lack of data on surgical infrastructure and human resources. The goal of this study is to assess the surgical and anaesthesia capacity in Guyana.A survey tool adapted from the WHO Tool for Situational Analysis to Assess Emergency and Essential Surgical Care was used to survey nine regional and district hospitals within the Ministry of Health system in Guyana.In nine hospitals across Guyana, there were an average of 0.7 obstetricians/gynaecologists, 3.5 non-OB surgeons, and 1 anaesthesiologist per hospital.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-06
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.08.003
  • A cluster-randomised controlled trial to test the efficacy of facemasks in
           preventing respiratory viral infection among Hajj pilgrims
    • Authors: Mandy Wang; Osamah Barasheed, Harunor Rashid, Robert Booy, Haitham El Bashir, Elizabeth Haworth, Iman Ridda, Edward C. Holmes, Dominic E. Dwyer, Jonathan Nguyen-Van-Tam, Ziad A. Memish, Leon Heron
      Abstract: Cost-effective interventions are needed to control the transmission of viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in mass gatherings. Facemasks are a promising preventive measure, however, previous studies on the efficacy of facemasks have been inconclusive. This study proposes a large-scale facemask trial during the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia and presents this protocol to illustrate its feasibility and to promote both collaboration with other research groups and additional relevant studies.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.08.002
  • Work productivity among adults with varied Body Mass Index: Results from a
           Canadian population-based survey
    • Authors: Arnaldo Sanchez Bustillos; Kris Gregory Vargas, Raul Gomero-Cuadra
      Abstract: The relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and work productivity, including absenteeism and presenteeism remains unclear. The objective of this study was to examine work productivity among adults with varied BMI using population-based data.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-17
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.08.001
  • Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and molecular typing of isolated
           from patients with typhoid fever in Lebanon
    • Authors: Souha S. Kanj; Zeina A. Kanafani, Marwa Shehab, Nisreen Sidani, Tania Baban, Kedak Baltajian, Ghenwa K. Dakdouki, Mohamad Zaatari, George F. Araj, Rima Hanna Wakim, Ghassan Dbaibo, Ghassan M. Matar
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the epidemiology and the clinical manifestations of typhoid fever as well as the susceptibility and strain relatedness of Salmonella typhi isolates in Lebanon from 2006 to 2007. A total of 120 patients with typhoid fever were initially identified from various areas of the country based on positive culture results for S. typhi from blood, urine, stools, bone marrow and/or positive serology. Clinical, microbiological and molecular analysis was performed on cases with complete data available.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-10
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.07.003
  • Lebanese medical students’ intention to deliver smoking cessation
    • Authors: Hoda Jradi; Mary Ellen Wewers, Phyllis P. Pirie, Philip F. Binkley, Amy K. Ferketich
      Abstract: Objectives of this study were to examine the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior and determine how they predict Lebanese medical students’ behavioral intention to advise patients to quit smoking.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-06
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.003
  • Efficacy of prophylactic dexamethasone in prevention of postoperative
           nausea and vomiting
    • Authors: Leila Sekhavat; Robab Davar, Shekoufeh Behdad
      Abstract: Many trials have been conducted with regard to the relative benefits of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions given alone or in combination, yet the results remain unknown. This study reviewed the efficacy of a single prophylactic dose of dexamethasone on postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV) after abdominal hysterectomy.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-04
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.07.004
  • Socioeconomic status and obesity: Causality of the association
    • Authors: Tomoyuki Kawada
      Abstract: Mowafi et al. reported that no significant association was observed between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight/obesity in Cairo, Egypt, using education, household expenditures, household assets, subjective wealth, and father’s education as indicators of SES [1]. Meanwhile, Ramsay et al. presented data indicating that socioeconomic position (SEP) was not significantly related to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) when adjusted according to behavioral factors [2], although it was mentioned that behavioral factors such as physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption were responsible for the relationship between SEP and MetS.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-02
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.07.005
  • Cardiovascular risk factors in semi-urban communities in southwest
           Nigeria: Patterns and prevalence
    • Authors: Rotimi Oluyombo; Michael A. Olamoyegun, Oluwasegun Olaifa, Sandra O. Iwuala, Oluwole A. Babatunde
      Abstract: Over 80% of cardiovascular deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries; most of these deaths are due to modifiable risk factors. The study aimed at estimating the prevalence and pattern of major cardiovascular risk factors in both men and women older than 18years.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.07.002
  • Use of footwear and foot condition among rural Ethiopian school children
    • Authors: Emi Watanabe; Colleen M. McBride, Abebayehu Tora, Desta A. Ayode, David Farrell, Gail Davey
      Abstract: To evaluate whether shoe-wearing affords foot protection among school children living in southern Ethiopia.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-08-23
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.06.001
  • A cross-sectional study of pediatric eye care perceptions in Ghana,
           Honduras, and India
    • Authors: Daryl Ramai; Ryan Elliott, Shoshanna Goldin, Tejas Pulisetty
      Abstract: Of the more than 1.4 million blind children worldwide, 75% live in developing countries. To reduce the prevalence of childhood blindness and associated diseases, attention is given to understanding the perceptions and level of awareness held by caregivers. This understanding can enable tailored health programs to reduce the global prevalence of blindness with increased efficiency. This study, which took place in Ghana, Honduras, and India, found that 95% of caregivers believed in the importance of eye exams for children, yet 66% of caregivers said that none of their children had ever received an eye exam.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-08-12
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.06.004
  • Occlusal characteristics and prevalence of associated dental anomalies in
           the primary dentition
    • Authors: Seema Lochib; K.R. Indushekar, Bhavna Gupta Saraf, Neha Sheoran, Divesh Sardana
      Abstract: Morphological variations in primary dentition are of great concern to a pediatric dentist as it may pose clinical problems like dental caries, delayed exfoliation and also anomalies in the permanent dentition, such as impaction of successors, supernumerary teeth, permanent double teeth or aplasia of teeth. The present study was conducted to investigate the presence of dental anomalies in the primary dentition of 1000 schoolchildren in the 3–5year-old age group in Faridabad.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.07.001
  • Point prevalence survey of antimicrobial utilization in a Canadian
           tertiary-care teaching hospital
    • Authors: Colin Lee; Sandra A.N. Walker, Nick Daneman, Marion Elligsen, Lesley Palmay, Bryan Coburn, Andrew Simor
      Abstract: Inappropriate antimicrobial use can promote antimicrobial resistance, which is associated with increased patient morbidity and mortality. Identifying the pattern of antimicrobial use can provide data from which targeted antimicrobial stewardship interventions can be made. The primary objective was to identify the prevalence of antimicrobial use at a tertiary care teaching hospital with both acute and long-term care patients.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-08-07
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.06.003
  • Tuberculosis screening among Bolivian sex workers and their children
    • Authors: Silvia S. Chiang; Jessica K. Paulus, Chi-Cheng Huang, P.K. Newby, Dora Castellón Quiroga, Renée Boynton-Jarrett, Lara Antkowiak
      Abstract: Bolivian sex workers were more likely than other employed women to report tuberculosis screening only if they reported HIV screening. Of all women with household tuberculosis exposure,
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-07-18
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.06.002
  • Terrorism-related trauma in Africa, an increasing problem
    • Authors: Maryam Alfa-Wali; Kaji Sritharan, Mira Mehes, Fizan Abdullah, Shahnawaz Rasheed
      Abstract: Global terrorist activities have increased significantly over the past decade. The impact of terrorism-related trauma on the health of individuals in low- and middle-income countries is under-reported. Trauma management in African countries in particular is uncoordinated, with little or no infrastructure to cater for emergency surgical needs. This article highlights the need for education, training and research to mitigate the problems related to terrorism and surgical public health.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-07-15
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.006
  • Validation of the Arabic version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale
    • Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed; Abdulhamid Fatani, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Abdullah Al-Shimemeri, Yosra Z. Ali, Salim Baharoon, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
      Abstract: The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a questionnaire widely used in developed countries to measure daytime sleepiness and diagnose sleep disorders.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.04.004
  • Changes in hand hygiene compliance after a multimodal intervention among
           health-care workers from intensive care units in Southwestern Saudi Arabia
    • Authors: Ahmed A. Mahfouz; Ibrahim A. Al-Zaydani, Ali O. Abdelaziz, Mohammad N. El-Gamal, Abdullah M. Assiri
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to measure the degree of compliance with hand hygiene practices among health-care workers (HCWs) in intensive care facilities in Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia, before and after a multimodal intervention program based on WHO strategies. Data were collected by direct observation of HCWs while delivering routine care using standardized WHO method: “Five moments for hand hygiene approach”. Observations were conducted before (February–April 2011) and after (February–April 2013) the intervention by well-trained, infection-control practitioners during their routine visits.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-06-24
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.002
  • Adherence to medications and associated factors: A cross-sectional study
           among Palestinian hypertensive patients
    • Authors: Rowa’ Al-Ramahi
      Abstract: To assess adherence of Palestinian hypertensive patients to therapy and to investigate the effect of a range of demographic and psychosocial variables on medication adherence.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-06-21
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.005
  • Energy drink usage among university students in a Caribbean country:
           Patterns of use and adverse effects
    • Authors: Sandra D. Reid; Jonathan Ramsarran, Rachel Brathwaite, Sarika Lyman, Ariane Baker, D’Andra C. Cornish, Stefan Ganga, Zahrid Mohammed, Avinash T. Sookdeo, Cathrine K. Thapelo
      Abstract: There has been little inquiry addressing whether or not concerns about adverse effects of energy drink usage are relevant in the Caribbean. This survey investigated energy drink usage and adverse consequences among tertiary level students in Trinidad and Tobago.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-06-19
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.004
  • Awareness of pro-tobacco advertising and promotion and beliefs about
           tobacco use: Findings from the Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) India Pilot
    • Authors: Maansi Bansal-Travers; Geoffrey T. Fong, Anne C.K. Quah, Genevieve Sansone, Mangesh S. Pednekar, Prakash C. Gupta, Dhirendra N. Sinha
      Abstract: Tobacco companies are utilizing similar strategies to advertise and promote their products in developing countries as they have used successfully for over 50years in developed countries. The present study describes how adult smokers, smokeless tobacco users, and non-users of tobacco from the Tobacco Control Project (TCP) India Pilot Survey, conducted in 2006, responded to questions regarding their perceptions and observations of pro-tobacco advertising and promotion and beliefs about tobacco use.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-06-16
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.05.001
  • Knowledge about tobacco smoking among medical students in Saudi Arabia:
           Findings from three medical schools
    • Authors: Hoda Jradi; Ali Al-Shehri
      Abstract: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. Educating and training medical students about tobacco dependence prevention and treatment will prepare them for the task of helping smokers quit. In Saudi Arabia, little is known about medical students’ knowledge on this topic.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-06-07
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.04.001
  • Change in the structures, dynamics and disease-related mortality rates of
           the population of Qatari nationals: 2007–2011
    • Authors: Mohamed H. Al-Thani; Eman Sadoun, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Shamseldin A. Khalifa, Suzan Sayegh, Alaa Badawi
      Abstract: Developing effective public health policies and strategies for interventions necessitates an assessment of the structure, dynamics, disease rates and causes of death in a population. Lately, Qatar has undertaken development resurgence in health and economy that resulted in improving the standard of health services and health status of the entire Qatari population (i.e., Qatari nationals and non-Qatari residents). No study has attempted to evaluate the population structure/dynamics and recent changes in disease-related mortality rates among Qatari nationals.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-05-29
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.04.002
  • Prevalence and determinants of electrocardiographic abnormalities in
           African Americans with type 2 diabetes
    • Authors: Matthew B. Sellers; Jasmin Divers, Lingyi Lu, Jianzhao Xu, S. Carrie Smith, Donald W. Bowden, David Herrington, Barry I. Freedman, Elsayed Z. Soliman
      Abstract: Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are independently associated with poor outcomes in the general population. Their prevalence and determinants were assessed in the understudied African American population with type 2 diabetes.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-05-24
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.04.003
  • Evaluation of physical fitness and weight status among fisherwomen in
           relation to their occupational workload
    • Authors: Pallav Sengupta; Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak
      Abstract: Fisherwomen contribute significantly to the coastal economy of Eastern India; however, data about their physical fitness and weight status are scant.
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.03.005
  • Investigation of an outbreak of bloody diarrhea complicated with hemolytic
           uremic syndrome
    • Authors: Otar Chokoshvili; Khatuna Lomashvili, Naile Malakmadze, Marika Geleishvil, Jonas Brant, Paata Imnadze, Nazibrola Chitadze, Lia Tevzadze, Gvantsa Chanturia, Tea Tevdoradze, Tengiz Tsertsvadze, Deborah Talkington, Rajal K Mody, Nancy Strockbine, Russell A Gerber, Edmond Maes, Thomas Rush
      Abstract: In July–August 2009, eight patients with bloody diarrhea complicated by hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) were admitted to hospitals in Tbilisi, Georgia. We started active surveillance in two regions for bloody diarrhea and post-diarrheal HUS. Of 25 case-patients who developed HUS, including the initial 8 cases, half were ⩾15years old, 67% were female and seven (28%) died. No common exposures were identified. Among 20 HUS case-patients tested, Shiga toxin was detected in the stools of 2 patients (one with elevated serum IgG titers to several Escherichia coli serogroups, including O111 and O104).
      Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (2014)
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.03.004
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