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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
     Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Survey of Barriers to Rural Women Economic Empowerment in Iran

    • Authors: Vakil Heidari Sarban, Mohammad Hassanzadeh
      Abstract: Women play an indispensable role in farming and in improving the quality of life in rural areas. Also rural women play a key role in agricultural sector production by working with full passion in production of crops right from the soil preparation till post harvest and food security activities in developing countries. In addition, for reaching development and progress goals of developing countries such as Iran, considering women rural ability promotion are vital. Also, the important role of women rural empowerment in promoting more agricultural productivity and development in rural areas is now widely recognized. The purpose of this study was identifying barriers to rural women economic empowerment. A descriptive–correlation survey approach was used in this study. The population consisted of women living in rural areas of Ardabil County. The questionnaire and interview were used for data collection in this study. The researcher developed the survey instrument. Validity of the instrument was established using a panel of experts. Reliability of the instrument for various questions varied from 0.83 to 0.86. Results showed that the most important barriers to rural women economic empowerment are: less skill of women, lack of men confidence to women, Sexuality, much busy to work at home, lack of employment opportunity to rural women, lack support of government from women entrepreneurship, lack of ability of talking in public. By factor analysis, factors for barriers to rural women economic empowerment were reduced to four main factors, named as individual-psychological, economic participation, infrastructure and social-institutional.
      PubDate: 2014-08-15
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Effects of Violent Movies on Drawing Symbols in Seven to Eleven Years Old

    • Authors: Mina Haghighat, Seyed Mosa Tabatabaee, moazedian Amene, Mahboobeh Sabetimani
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of violence watching on aggression expression in drawing symbols (paintings) of school children. The study population consisted of 50 male students of elementary schools in the city of Semnan (Miaad School) selected by multistage cluster sampling and then devised to two groups that each consisted of 25 participants, ( experimental and control ) groups. First, the experimental group watched violent movie scenes (full of fight) and then a drawing test was taken from them (free topic painting). After that, the control group that didn't watch movies takes drawing test. Both paintings were examined using paint analysis. Three variables of angled and bold lines and tricolor (green, red and black) are the sign of arousal and anger expression in children's drawings. Results: After analyzing and comparing the painting of both group, the results of statistical analysis showed symbols of anger in the experimental group was significantly higher than the painting of the control group. Conclusion: Watching violent films affects the drawing symbols of children.
      PubDate: 2014-08-15
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Infallibility (Poka-Yoke) Fundamentals for Improving Production Processes,
           Case Study: An Automotive Parts Manufacturing Company

    • Authors: Mohammad Mahdi Parhizgar, Samad Khabbaz, Khorshid Foroghinia, Esmaeil Bakhshi Maleki
      Abstract: In production processes, quality is defined in terms of defects and sigma level wastes. In order to achieve zero level wastes, it is required that production processes’ sigma levels be increased through improvements in the processes. Utilizing Infallibility Strategy (Poka-Yoke) increases the sigma level of production processes and thus leads the process towards producing parts without fault and with zero defects. In the present study, the researcher has implemented the Infallibility Strategy (Poka-Yoke) in an automotive parts manufacturing company. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher, using a map, first determined the areas in which defects occurred in the production process, then the significance of defects with regard to their frequency of occurrence and their scope were determined, and the proper anti-error system was chosen. Given the number of defects and the annual production capacity, the PPM and the manufacturing process sigma level were calculated. Obtained results demonstrated the significant increase in the manufacturing process sigma level, which in turn implied the successful implementation of the Infallibility Strategy (Poka-Yoke) in the studied company.
      PubDate: 2014-08-12
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Judith Butler’s Gender and Identity Trouble in David Mamet’s
           Glengarry Glen Ross and Oleanna

    • Authors: Fatemeh Amini, Fatemeh Azizmohammadi
      Abstract: Judith Butler as a rhetoric, comparative, and poststructuralist professor exhibits a far-reaching influence in a number of fields. Butler also is one of the following of ‘Gender Studied’ and her notion of gender as a cultural choice is useful for representing subject-formation and self-construction. Her outstanding books consist of “Gender Trouble” (1990) and “Bodies that Matter” (1993), are argued in drives literary theories such as “feminist theory” and “Gender studies”. Butler’ first book examined the contact of Hegel’s work on twentieth-century French philosophers. The following books drag extensively from psychoanalytic, feminist and poststructuralist theories. Judith Butler tries to focus on the terms performative acts and gender constitution in order to argue that “gender identity is a performative accomplishment compelled by social sanction and taboo (Butler, 1988, p. 520). She further believes that gender is something that is not a corporeal “social fiction” but is continuously reproducing, changing and moving. In Butler’s view, gender is only an “essential” part of a body’s identity that is presented in the world, so that a body constituted essential core identity through a set of preexisting characteristics that have been imposed on that body. Queer theory is another work of Butler’s notion that is in relation to Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality. By queer theory, Butler has emphasized on Differences that is in terminology and methods are based on performance and Foucault's reliance on formulations such as "power-knowledge" and "the deployment of alliance."
      PubDate: 2014-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Study on the Relationship between Love Attitudes and Marital Satisfaction
           Among Married Women

    • Authors: Parastou Taghavi Dinani, mohammadreza zarbakhsh, Eshagh Samkhaniyan, Mahsa Hamidi, Farzaneh Arkiyan
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to study the relation between love attitudes with marital satisfaction in women of Tehran. The statistical sample was 150 of married women among 22 regions of Tehran who were selected by Multi-stage cluster sampling. Parakash Marital Satisfaction (1985) and Love Attitude Scale–short form (LAS-SF) (1986) were used to collect data. Pearson correlation and multivariable regression used to analysis data. The result showed that there was a significant and positive relationship between Eros, Storge, Pragma, Agape of love attitudes with marital satisfaction, while Ludus had a negative and significant relationship with marital satisfaction. Stepwise Regression analyses showed that Eros, Pragma, Ludus and Storge of love attitudes were able to predict marital satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2014-07-28
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Study of Reliability & Validity of Communicative Responses to Jealousy
           in Ahwaz City Women

    • Authors: Rashin Sabri Nazarzadeh, Parvin Ehteshamzadeh, Ali khaleghkhah
      Abstract: The Purpose of this study is to verify reliability &validation of communicative responses to jealousy & relationship among sexual satisfaction, couples intimacy and communicative responses to jealousy in Ahwaz city’s women. Sample of this research was participated 527 couples selected with clustering sampling method. Research tool was communicative responses to jealousy, Enrich short form of sexual satisfaction & couple’s intimacy scale. Confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient & regression are used for analysis of research data. Results showed that A & B form of communicative responses to jealousy had appropriate validity (A form: RSMEA= 0.1, GFI= 0.99, AGFI=0/98 &²/df= 1.39; B form: RSMEA= 0.15, GFI= 0.94, AGFI=0/87 &²/df= 1.28).
      PubDate: 2014-07-27
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Investigation of Pistachio Micro-Propagation (Proliferation) (Pistacia
           Vera L.)

    • Authors: Mansour Kalantar, O Jadidi
      Abstract: Tissue culture and micro-propagation is a branch of applied sciences in plant biotechnology which is of critical significance these days. This has played a great role in increasing different species of tree, shrub, herbaceous, etc. It merits some advantages such as ease of propagation, maintenance of genetic stability, lack of time limitation and place. In this research, pistachio rootstock (Pistacia vera L.) micro propagation has been selected due to its prevalence in Iran, the heavy cost of propagation through mating, the spread of common diseases of propagation by the current propagation methods and specially the market's demand for asexual propagation. In this study, some media cultures including knop, ½ knop, Ms, ½ Ms, Dkw, ½ Dkw were investigated in factorial statistical design with two hormones called BAP in four levels (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2) mg/l and NAA in Tri levels (0,0.1,0.2) mg/l and by Tri repetition. Results showed that most suitable treatment for explant (shoot tip) sterilization of samples is using %96 ethanol and %15 vaitex and washing with water, which then was cultured for proliferation. Also, the results showed DKW media is more suitable relative to others media and high dose of BAP (2 mg/l) and low dose of NAA (0 mg/l) in proliferation is suitable.
      PubDate: 2014-07-26
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Comparing the Effect of Quality of life, Psychological Stressors and
           Coping Strategies in Kidney Patients and Normal People

    • Authors: Mina Ghadiri nofarast, Hamidreza Aghamohammadiyan Sherbaf, Abdolali Yaghoubi
      Abstract: The current research has been conducted with the aim of comparing the effect of quality of life, stressors and coping strategies in kidney patients and healthy people. The current research methodology is correlative. The population includes all of the kidney patients visiting Montaserieh hospital in Mashad during spring 2013 in a time span of one moth. 50 kidney patients and 50 healthy individuals were randomly chosen as the sample. The tools used in this research were questionnaires of psychological stressors, quality of life and coping strategies. The achieved data were analyzed by the use of analysis of covariance ANCOVA (a multivariate analysis of covariance). Results showed that kidney patients have less quality of life and more amounts of stress than the healthy individuals. On the other hand, the patients take more use of emotion-focused coping strategies. Since the current study is a casual-comparative study it could be alleged that variables of psychological stressors, coping strategies and quality of life had a casual role in formation of kidney disease.
      PubDate: 2014-07-26
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • On the Relationship between Stock Returns and Trading Volume: A Case Study

    • Authors: Amir Mansour Tehranchian, Masoud Behravesh, Saleh Hadinia
      Abstract: This article focuses on the experiment about the causality relationship between the stock returns and the trading volume of the member companies at Tehran Stock Market. Accordingly, the seasonal data from these companies within the years 1996 to 2009 are used to estimate the vector error correction model. The results obtained from the Philips–Perron Unit Root Test demonstrated that the above mentioned variables are integrated of the order one and thus there is a long run equilibrium relationship between them. The estimation from the error correction model proved that there is a positive and bidirectional relationship between these variables. However the stock returns has a stronger effect on the trading volume. Therefore, through a psychological analysis, the "Mass Behavior" hypothesis in the said stock market is not approved. Moreover, the estimation of the error correction coefficient indicated that balancing the said variables towards the long run equilibrium volumes, is slow.
      PubDate: 2014-07-26
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
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