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Journal Cover European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
   Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Synergistic Effect of Seaweed Extract and Urea Fertilizer on Growth and
           Biochemical Parameters of Triticum aestivum at Vegetative Stage

    • Authors: Azin Ghafarizadeh, Seyyed Mansour Seyyed nejad, Abdolali Gilani
      Abstract: This study was designed in order to investigate the Synergistic effect of seaweed extract (Nizamuddinia zanardinii) and urea fertilizer on growth and biochemical parameters of Triticum aestivum at vegetative stage. Experiment was factorial with completely randomized design, with three replication at five levels (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 percent) of brown seaweed extract and three levels of urea (0, 25 and 50 percent of recommended amount). According to the results, maximum dry weight of leaf, shoot and root (0/85, 0/87 and 0/09 g), shoot and root length (46/67 and 13/5 cm), content of total chlorophyll and carotenoid (0/73 and 0/16 mgg-1fr.wt), activity of peroxidase and ascorbateperoxidase enzyme (8/6 and 0/82 ΔOD.min-1/mg.protein) was observed at 10% concentration of brown seaweed extract with 25% recommended rate of urea fertilizer. The maximum amount of malondialdehyde (19/42 mM/g.FW) and Catalase activity (0/64 ΔOD.min-1/mg.protein) was observed in 20% concentration of brown seaweed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • A Study of Private Hospital's Waiting area

    • Authors: Sheyda Sharareh
      Abstract: A serious look at our hospitals and clinics shows that the space was not built for human comfort and is difficult for maintaining and cleaning. Windowless, dull, depressing environment and lack of natural light can increase patients’ stress and anxiety. The aim of this research is to realize and investigate the hospital design problems in hospital’s waiting area in aspects of space planning, furniture design and material and finishes. Waiting areas are the first places which give impact on customers and patients, and if these spaces neglected to consider the impact towards the stress and anxiety of the customers and patients, undesired consequences will arise. This research studied aspects on the space planning, furniture design and use of material and finishes of waiting area. Investigating these factors will help to provide information to enable designers and hospitals to provide for their customers and patients as guests to the premise. This can change the patients’ thoughts and perception of the hospital. A case study was carried out on a private hospital, Darul Eshan Medical Center (DEMC) Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Observations, physical measurements and site observations were carried out.  In-depth interview with experts and questionnaires for users were also carried out. Data collected were analyzed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Sequence Variation in GAL1 and GAL2 Genes in Khuzestan Local Chickens

    • Authors: Salim Morammazi, Hasan Habibi
      Abstract: Beta defensins were small, cationic peptides that bind to microbial membranes and disrupt their integrity, thereby exerting antimicrobial effects. These peptides play an important role in innate immunity against microbial pathogens. The aim of the present study was to detect sequence variations, if any, in some beta-defensin gene (GAL1 and GaL2) sequences in Khuzestan local chickens. Blood samples were collected from 20 local chickens and the genomic DNA was isolated using the standard phenol chloroform method. To detect sequence variation, the interested regions of GAL1 and GAL2 were amplified by specific primers with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Then, the PCR products were sequenced in both directions. Analysis of the GAL1 gene found many sequence variations in the promoter region. GAL2 gene sequencing determined various sequence variations in intronic and exonic regions. These results suggest the existence of numerous genetic variations in these genomic sequences. Further association studies may help the development of a PCR-based genotyping test to select parents with a better immunity.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Transition from Intangible to Tangible in Landscape Architecture Basic
           Design Course

    • Authors: Tugba Düzenli, Elif Merve Alpak, Doruk Görkem Özkan
      Abstract: Basic design is a unique, essential and obligatory course for all disciplines that tackle with design. In this course, students learn basic concepts on their fields while they learn design elements and principles with applied work. When design is considered as a type of problem-solving act, Basic Design course teaches abstract thinking, which is the most basic tool of this act. We construct the content of the Basic Design course to analyze the facts and a given problem, solve it, to transform the concrete to the abstract. Design educators need to produce information utilizing original methods and share them with all design educators. The present study aims to share a design method that entails the translation of intangible to tangible. The process of approaching the tangible spatial construct from abstract concepts was examined in the freshmen basic design course in landscape architecture education and the contribution of this process to landscape architecture education was addressed. Thus, in the first phase of the study, the work produced by the students during the semester and finals during the basic design course at Karadeniz Technical University Landscape Architecture Department were sampled and examined. In the second stage, a survey study was conducted to investigate the students’ level on abstract concepts, how they were able to translate intangible to tangible, their level of associating the design concepts with spatial construct and the effects of the design process on learning. Thus, the process within the basic design course was examined and the instruction level was attempted to be determined. As a result, it was determined that students learned abstract concepts well during the basic design process, but they experienced difficulties when relating these concepts to the spatial construct, in other words translating the intangible to tangible, due to their low level of experience in design. Therefore, it was determined that the students found the course instructive but the process challenging.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Leadership Effectiveness, Turnover Intention and the Mediating Role of
           Employee Commitment: A Case of Academic Institutions of Pakistan

    • Authors: Hudda Riaz, Nargis Akhtar, Anum Moazzam, Rabia Luqman, Hina Naz, Hafiza Sobia Tufail
      Abstract: According to its scope of practice and research, Leadership is one of the most important areas these days. Many scholars have theorized different definitions and dimensions of this very construct leadership that gives a clear indication about its importance both in society and also in the context of people management in organizations in different countries. In today’s world where complexity driven by different factors has changed the face of organizations, different procedures have been devised to retain the employees in the organization. But apart from all the system level changes, there is one important factor that directly links with the employee turnover intention and that is leadership effectiveness. There has been much focus on leadership effectiveness and many researches have been done to study it. This study is trying to address the issue at hand that is about studying the effectiveness of leadership. For this purpose this study is investigating the relationship of leadership effectiveness and turnover intention along with a third variable participation that is employee commitment in the academic sector of Pakistan. This study is focusing on the relationship of leadership effectiveness and employee turnover intention specifically in the academic institutions and implying the facts that how these institutions are constructing this relationship according to the specific culture and norms posed by the Pakistani context. In this study the predictor is leadership effectiveness and outcome is turnover intention. Besides, this study is also focusing on the third variable involvement that is employee commitment. So this study is testing and reflecting upon whether such relationship exists in this context or not. This study uses the sample size of 345. The population is faculty members of different academic institutions. The software used is SPSS along with process plugin to run the regression (mediation) analysis. This study has presented some important findings related to the nature of the relationship of leadership effectiveness, employee commitment and turnover intention that will be an important knowledge addition in the literature and will be helpful for the management to make important decisions regarding the management and turnover of employees in the academic institutions of Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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