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Journal Cover European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
  [10 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
   Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Relationship between psychological hardiness and self-efficacy in patients
           with type 2 diabetes: (The mediating role of self-esteem and social
           support) using structural equation modeling

    • Authors: Sayed Habibollah Hashemi, Hassan Ahadi, Mehrnaz Azad Yekta
      Abstract: According to the importance of type 2 diabetes and the variety and intensity of physical, mental, economic and social effects and factors such as psychological hardiness, self-efficacy, self-esteem, social support to manage treatment of this type of diabetes, this study is aimed in assessing the model of relationship of hardiness with self-efficacy with the mediating role of self-esteem and social support in these patients. In a cross-sectional survey, 212 patients with type 2 diabetes (90 male and 122 female) in Health Centers of Islmashahr were selected using available random sampling. The data collection was done using psychological hardiness scale, Coppersmith self-esteem inventory, self-efficacy and social support scales and the data were then analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) using Lisrel and SPSS-22 software. Correlation of main research variables were tested using Pearson correlation test and normality of variables were tested using regression analysis. Then, model fitness and coefficients of variables were measured. Most paths with significant coefficients were maintained in final model. The results obtained from the study are as follows: 1) psychological hardiness can affect self-efficacy directly 2) psychological hardiness can affect self-efficacy indirectly with the mediation of social supports and self-esteem 3) the proposed model is fit based on obtained fitness indices (GFI= 0.94; AGFI= 0.93; RMSEA= 0.032; NNFI= 0.94; SRMR= 0.031; NFI= 0.97 and IFI= 0.97). The correlations between variables in this study are mostly in consistence with the existing literature and theories. It could be concluded that variables such as psychological hardiness, self-efficacy, self-esteem and social support have been considered as effective factors to manage and treat patients with type 2 diabetes in domestic and foreign literature. The proposed model shows potential infrastructural mechanisms that can facilitate the process of treatment and better coping and even reduction of costs of the disease through training patients and their families under current social and economic conditions of Iran. Due to the applied significance of the results for clinical specialists and diabetes treatment centers, appropriate interventions are required in this filed. Paying attention to these results is important to enhance self-care behaviors of diabetes, reduction of complications and reduction of relevant costs and more importantly, general health of society.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Estimating Long-run Trade Elasticity in Pakistan: A Co-integration

    • Authors: Hina Ali, Subata Zafar
      Abstract: The analysis of this study is to monitor the effect of currency depreciation on trade elasticity, using co integration technique of ARDL. The Robust ARDL structure has been used to format the bound testing approach to co-integration model and error correction model. The bound test holds that there exists a long term stable relationship between BOP and its determining factors. The real GDP makes the balance of payment positive, both in long and short run. The study is based upon time series data (1974-2014). For estimation purpose, Johansen –Cointegration technique has been used and integration order has been applied for each variable before applying co-integration technique. This research actually seeks to examine the trade growth factors from period (1974-2014). The ARDL (autoregressive distributed lag model) examines the long run elasticity of trade. The shown technique has been collaborated through ADF test. All of the variables are incorporated at first difference i.e. I(1) accept one variable, which is GDP.ADF (augmented dickey- fuller) unit root test has been applied to examine the stationary time series data. Equation has been constructed for terms of trade and other independent variables to examine their long- run relation. ARDL shows that there is co-integration between trade growth and other independent variables i.e. GDP, CPI, NEER, NEER, IMP, EXP and also with the dependent variable TOT. Clearly, it can be noticed that the long- run relationship exists between these variables. It could be observed that “Marshal-Lerner condition” is true for Pakistan as well as for other underdeveloped countries.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Trends in the Development of Fiscal Authorities of Kazakhstan

    • Authors: Zaida А. Ilimzhanova, Venera R. Burnasheva, Barkhudar Sh. Gussenov
      Abstract: The paper examines the significance of efficiency of interaction between taxpayers and state authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan, which depends on the optimization of business processes and successful implementation of well-known world market tools in the management processes of state revenue authorities. Combined fiscal functions of tax and customs bodies with addition of functions in the sphere of counteracting economic crimes will help to reduce administrative barriers for businesses and improve tax collection.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Lighting Influence on Stress Level of Iranian Staffs (Case study: Central
           Organization of Farhangian University in Tehran, Iran)

    • Authors: Abdolhamid Ghanbaran, Pegah Payedar Ardakani
      Abstract: A person's work environment is very important. We spend nearly as much time at work as we do at home and even for some office workers, they spend more at their office than home. Improper office environments can cause major stress for workers. This paper presents an experimental study with 100 participants on the influence of lighting on staffs’ stress level. This method uses information derived from field observations and answers to questionnaires distributed to employees and officials who are in the top management of the central organization of Farhangian University, Tehran branch. Collected informations was analyzed by using SPSS-22. Data analysis shows that degree of stress is an effect of lighting level of workplace and can be changed with making improvement in interior design. Also this study does not claim a correlation between gender and stress but shows that the educational level of an employee influences the degree of stress.
      PubDate: 2017-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Effect of Nepeta Menthoides on Cognitive Disorders in Alzheimer’s
           Disease: A Clinical Trial

    • Authors: A Abdolahadi, A. Nazeri, S. Esmaeili, Z. Amiri, M. Movahhed
      Abstract: Nowadays, given the outbreak of Alzheimer disease (AD) as a global phenomenon, it is absolutely essential to take efficacious measures against it. Heating up the brain is a recommended approach to decrease the symptoms of AD. Furthermore, using hot herb is an effective method to enhance the temperature of the brain. One of the hot herbs is Nepeta menthoides which is known as Ostokhodus and has neuroprotective effects. In the present paper, the effect of Nepeta on the treatment of Alzheimer was studied. A trial was carried out on two groups of AD patients. While the first group was prescribed the capsules of Nepeta extraction, the second group was given the placebo capsules. The results of the taken MMSE inventories from both of the tested groups as the comparison criteria revealed that Nepeta had positive influence on the treatment of AD.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • The Impact of Social Media on Teacher's Performance: A Case of Higher
           Educational Institutions of Pakistan

    • Authors: Muhammad Imran Khan, Munir Ahmed, Saif ud Din, Amna Amin
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to see the impact of social media on teacher’s performance in higher educational institutions of Pakistan, particularly in Vehari (Punjab) and D.I Khan (KPK). This research study explored that social media has a significant impact on teachers performance. Because the faculty members of higher educational institutions play a vital role in the development of students, society and as a whole the nation. The main purpose of this study is to understand the nature of social media and up to how much extend social media is playing its role regarding the development of faculty performance. This study is quantitative and descriptive in nature .The researcher, distributed 357 survey questionnaires to the higher education sector of District Vehari and D.I. Khan and got a response from 318 respondents. Linear and multi regression were used to analyze the results and for drawing a conclusion. Knowledge sharing, creativity, collaboration and interaction through social networking sites have a significant impact on teacher’s performance which suggests that use of social networking sites in education increases the teacher performance.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Anger and Interpersonal Relationships: Social Life in Adolescence

    • Authors: Muhammad Aslam, Nawal G Alghamdi, Khushnoor khan
      Abstract: Around 1.6 million people across the world die due to violent and anger related acts according to World Health Organization (WHO). One out of five people have problems in their interpersonal relationships due to their anger feelings and expressions. Thus it can be stated that anger control and management is required for the improvisation of relations and life in general. The present study investigates the relationship of anger and interpersonal relationships. Moreover it looks into the gender differences on anger and interpersonal relations. Samples of 200 adolescents (100 male and 100 female students of preparatory year program) were selected from King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. The age range of the participants was 16 to 19 years. Aggression Questionnaire (ASQ) (Arnold Buss and Mark Perry, 1992) and Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (Cohen, Mermestein, & Kmarck, 1985) were used to measure anger and interpersonal relationship respectively.  Correlation analysis revealed that there is a negative relationship between anger and interpersonal relationship. T-test results indicate that males exhibit more anger and anger related behaviors than females. No significant gender differences were found on interpersonal relationships. Implications for the improvement of educational and counseling programs for the management and control of anger among the adolescents are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • The Impact of Harmonious Passion on Intention to Leave through Work
           Engagement in Banking Sector of Lahore, Pakistan

    • Authors: Hafiz Muhammad Muneeb, Nargis Akhtar, Anum Moazzam, Hafiza Sobia Tufail, Ahmad Usman Shahid, Jawad Shahid
      Abstract: The primary purpose of this study is to explore the impact of Harmonious Passion on Intention to leave through work engagement in Banking Sector of Lahore, Pakistan. This research is significant for the employees of banking sector as it will help the top management to implement new strategies to enhance the overall passion of employees by engaging them in work so that they remain loyal to organization and don’t quit. This study is quantitative in nature as data were collected with the help of self-administered Questionnaires using simple random sampling technique through the employees working in banking sector. The accumulated data were analyzed by SPSS 22 and AMOS 22 by testing reliability, correlation analysis, regression analysis by running confirmatory factor analysis and implementing Structural Equation Modelling, mediation was tested through Barron and Kenny test to check whether it is partial or full. Results demonstrated that Harmonious Passion has a significant negative impact on intention to leave and this relationship got mediated when employees remain themselves engaged in work. When employees have the passion to work well on the job then they remain engaged in performing their duties and stay within the organization and work for its wellbeing. This study focused on the least studies area of Human resource Management in the circumstances in which it was carried out. All the concepts are interlinked in it to reduce the employee’s intention to leave the organization.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Do Transformational Leadership and Employee Learning Orientation Lead to
           Organizational Innovation' The Moderating Role of Psychological

    • Authors: Bilal Ahmed, Hussain Tariq
      Abstract: Drawing upon theories of transformational leadership and psychological empowerment, this research tested several hypotheses associating transformational leadership and employee learning orientation with organizational innovation via intervening variable, i.e., employee creativity. Using survey data from administrative and professional employees from public sector in People’s Republic of China (PRC), we found that, as anticipated, transformational leadership and employee learning orientation positively influenced employee creativity, while employee creativity in return positively affected organizational innovation. Whereas, the relationship of transformational leadership and employee learning orientation with employee creativity was moderated by psychological empowerment.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • An Evaluation of the Maladaptive Schemas and Personality Traits among
           Drugs Dependents

    • Authors: Fatemeh Akhlaghi Yazdi Nezhad, Rashen Abdollahi
      Abstract: This study aimed at investigating the relationship between maladaptive schemas and personality characteristics of substance abusers. For this purpose, 120 married substance abusers were purposefully selected. According to the results, extraversion personality characteristic can be anticipated through dependency, suffering, restraint and abandonment. Also, the dependent variable of neuroticism personality characteristic can be predicted by four predictors of emotional deprivation, dependency, suffering, and abandonment. The dependent variable of openness personality trait can also be predicted by two predictors of distrust and obedience. The dependent variable of compatibility personality trait can be traced through three predictors of mistrust, defect and emotional deprivation as well. Finally, the dependent variable of being conscientious can be anticipated by three predictors of emotional deprivation, defect and social isolation. Accordingly, it can be concluded that personality characteristics and early maladaptive schemas appropriately predict the factors increasing or decreasing the tendency to addiction.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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