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Journal Cover European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
  [10 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
   Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Examining the Academic Success of the Students in Drawing Techniques
           Course: The Case of Freshmen in Landscape Architecture

    • Authors: Serap Yilmaz, Sema Mumcu, Tugba Düzenli
      Abstract: In Landscape Architecture education the students are expected to produce a unique and creative product and express this product in two or three dimensions. For this aim drawing techniques related to visualizing the design are instructed in the first year of landscape architecture education in the Drawing Techniques course using conventional methods of expression. As a result, the students can express themselves and acquire the ability to use the lines and the pencil. Knowing how to draw enables students to obtain basic knowledge about what to express and how; acquiring the ability to use the pencil provide them the opportunity to draw quality images - good sketches. After learning these skills, it will become easier for them to transfer their thoughts to digital media and to express their designs in digital media. In Landscape architecture education, to improve freshmen's technical drawing skills, practices related to two (plan, profile-view) and three (perspectives) dimensional drawing techniques are conducted within the scope of Drawing Techniques course. In the present study, the practices that are implemented by freshmen who took Drawing Techniques course during five semesters between 2012-2017 academic years were examined. The change in the drawing performance of the students in practices was analyzed. It was also examined whether the two or three dimensional drawing techniques led to this change and whether the type of drawing techniques utilized affected their level of making mistakes and the variety of those mistakes.
      PubDate: 2017-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • The Impact of Public Expenditure Components on Economic Growth in

    • Authors: Muhammad Ijaz Hussain, Tasneem Zafar
      Abstract: This study examines the relationship between health expenditure, expenditure on education, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Military Expenditure, Fiscal Balance (Deficit) and economic growth in Pakistan. The period of study is from 1972 to 2015. ARDL Bounds Testing approach for co-integration and ECM Technique were applied to study the long run and short run relationship among the above mentioned variables. “Granger Causality Test” was applied to find out the direction of causality. The results reveal a long run relationship between Military Expenditure, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Fiscal Balance and Economic Growth. The results of “ECM” show the short run relationship among these variables. However, there is no long run relationship between Health Expenditure, Expenditure on Education and Economic Growth. The speed of adjustment is high which 62.28% is. “Granger Causality” test reveals that “causality runs from Military Expenditure to Economic Growth”. It further reveals causality from health expenditure to fiscal balance and from fiscal balance to Military Expenditure. It is concluded that fiscal policy has an important role in boosting economic growth.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • How Internship Experience Mediates Career Decision' Insight from
           Business Institutions

    • Authors: Muhammad Sarfraz, Qasim Ali Nisar, Asma Imran, Summaira Malik, Usman Yousaf
      Abstract: This research paper aims to examine business graduates’ pre-employment decisions relevant to pursue a satisfied and successful career after going through internship training. Subjects were the students who have undergone through an internship program and data was analyzed by using SPSS software. A five point Likert Scale has been used to examine the relation of dependent variable person career (PC) fit and independent variables (job attributes, PO-fit and PJ-fit).The internees degree of perceived pay, benefits, promotion as related to future growth opportunities , job location, peers’ relationship, firm’s image and job duties as major factors and key criterion to pursue a satisfied and successful career .The results also indicate that person job (PJ) fit contributes more than person organization (PO) fit towards person career (PC) fit.Offering internship programs and trainings allows employers the opportunity of exploring full time fresh graduates pool and best talent to recruit.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Crime and Labor Market: A panel data analysis

    • Authors: Saba Shabbir, Qasim Ali, Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen
      Abstract: This study empirically investigates the causal relationship between crime and labor market. Panel regression analysis with time period 2012- 2014 along with pool OLS method has been used for this purpose. The countries under study are divided into three categories: high, moderate and low crime index. The variables used in this study are also of three kinds: socio economic, demographic and deterrence variables. The results indicate that in high crime index countries (UDCs) unemployment & urbanization have significant positive impact on crime index whereas inflation, GDP growth rate, prison population rate and participation of youth 18-24 years in education and training are insignificant. In moderate crime index countries (UDCs) GDP growth rate & urbanization have significant negative impact on crime index. Whereas inflation, unemployment, prison population rate and participation of youth 18-24 years in education and training are insignificant.  In low crime index countries, the same socioeconomic and demographic factors as are noticed in high crime index countries i.e. unemployment and urbanization in addition to prison population rate are found to be responsible for labor market crimes. In order to control labor market crimes, the study recommends the improvement in GDP growth rate, discouraging the trend of urbanization, enhancement in education and training programs so that unemployment level be controlled and hence labor market can be saved from crimes.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Checking the Plentitude of (BLA-SHV) ß-lactamase Gene in Separated E.
           Colis in Children under 6 Years-Old Infected with Urinary Tract Infection
           Referring to Tehran Central Pathobiology Laboratory (2014)

    • Authors: Sohrab Ahrabi, Jalaluddin Derakhshanpour Khamene
      Abstract: Increasing consumption of Antibiotics like β-lactam antibiotics including Penicillins and Cephalosporins has resulted in the creation of refractory E. coli levels to these antibiotics. The aim of this study is investigating the presence of resistant gene to β-lactam antibiotics and third-generation Cephalosporins among separated E. coli levels from urine sample of the referring children under 6 infected with urinary tract infection to Tehran central pathobiology laboratory.  130 s E.coli sample were collected from urine sample of the children. Sensitivity of the collected levels to β-lactam antibiotics including Ampicillin, Amoxicillin and third generation Cephalosporins was measured. Also, PCR was implemented for finding BLA-SHV gen.  Among 130 samples under study, 45 samples comported BLA-SHV gen. 100 samples (77%) were resistant toward Amoxicillin and Ampicillin antibiotics and 30 samples (23%) were sensitive to these antibiotics. In this study, resistant percentage rate to non-ß-lactam antibiotics like Amikacin, Gentamicin, Cotrimoxazole, and Ciprofloxacin was respectively 0%, 14%, 66% and 23%. This study has shown the presence of BLA-SHV gen with an abundance of 35% in E. coli bacteria and it also confirms the importance of awareness of growing increase of Antibiotic resistance and reduction and change in antibiotics’ consumption strategy.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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