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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
   [13 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
     Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Effect of Student Team-Achievement Division (STAD) on Language
           Achievement of Iranian EFL Students across Gender

    • Authors: farahnaz Rimani Nikou, Alireza Bonyadi, Khatereh Ebrahimi
      Abstract: The present investigation is a quasi-experimental research which has used the two group pre-test post-test design. A total of 80 female and male (48 females and 32 males) EFL students at the intermediate level of English proficiency studying in Jahad Daneshgahi Language Institute in Urmia, Iran, were chosen and assigned to two groups based on the placement test results. The sample was divided into two groups of experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). The results of the study showed that there was a statistical significant difference at the level of 0.05 between the means of the performance of the experimental and control groups on the achievement test for the benefit of the experimental group. Hence, STAD can effectively be implemented to improve the learners’ language proficiency. The results indicated that there were no gender differences in students’ language achievement after their being taught through STAD. Hence, ultimate result of the study indicated that STAD (Student Team Achievement Division) was more effective instructional paradigm for English as compared to the traditional method of teaching. Due to its provision for higher learning engagement, it proved to be an active learning strategy.
      PubDate: 2014-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • A Study on Metal Objects of the Iron Age in Masjed-e-Kabud Located in
           Tabriz

    • Authors: Fakhrolsadat Bassampour
      Abstract: Excavation of the archaeological site of Masjed-e-Kabud (blue mosque) is important regarding time. It is related to a time period which is more ambiguous than other time periods in the whole archaeological period of Iran and the Middle East. The present paper attempts to compare the metal objects found in the archaeological site of Masjed-e-Kabud with those of regions such as Hasanlu, Dinkhah Tepe, Lorestan (first millennium), Qaleh Kuti I of Deylaman, Talish, and Jamshid abad in order to determine their cultural relations. Moreover, understanding the method of making metal objects dating back to the late second-early first millennium could clarify the history and civilization of this period.  The research follows library studies and it has acquired information on the archaeological sites of Masjed-e-Kabud and other contemporary sites.  The metal objects found during five periods of Masjed-e-Kabud excavation have also been studies, categorized, and compared with the metal objects found in the present sites.
      PubDate: 2014-11-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Auditor Style and Comparability of Financial Statements: a Comparison of
           Audit Style in Iran and U.S.A.

    • Authors: Abdolreza Mohseni, Fereydoon rahnamay roodposhti, Hashem Nikomaram, Hamidreza Vakili Fard, Fazllolah Lak
      Abstract: The term auditor style is used to determine a unique set of internal working rules each audit firm employs to perform audit standards and application generally accepted accounting principles between their clients. Audit style implies that two companies audited by the same auditor, subject to the same audit style, are more likely to have comparable earnings than two firms audited by two different audit firms with different styles. The sample consists of 63 companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange for the period 2002 to 2013. The tests are based on pairs of firms and a total of 4344 pairs of firms as observations are used. In the present study correlation method and multiple regression are used and the means for comparing hypothesis test are performed. The findings show that the audit style of audit firms in the U.S leads to more similar in total accruals and discretionary accruals for their clients than to clients of audit firms in Iran. In other words, the comparability of financial statements of U.S companies with Iranian ones indicates more similarity in accruals and earnings structure.
      PubDate: 2014-11-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Legal - Juridical Nature of the Insurer and the Insured Commitments, and
           their Incompatibility with General Conditions of Law in Comprehensive Car
           Insurance

    • Authors: Soghra Chehrehnejhad, Bashoukouh Mozaffar, Hanifehzadeh Latif
      Abstract: This paper aims to study legal - juridical foundation of comprehensive car insurances, approved by High Council of Insurance in 1937, and their incompatibility with general conditions. According to investigations, it was found that there is a contradiction between article 8 of the general conditions in regulations of comprehensive car insurance and article 19 of the Insurance Act. Since a regulation does not violate the law, it is necessary to revise the regulation. In addition, regarding the juridical rights and laws reveals that insurance contracts are consensual contracts, and once the agreement is signed between the parties, it is valid and both parties (insured and insurer) bound to respect conditions of the contract. Therefore, refusing to pay fees at a specific maturity by insured and refusing to pay compensations by the insurer damage the legal nature of comprehensive car insurances. Failure to pay compensations in such cases is contrary to the juridical principles, but the requirements of the contract are in accordance to the requirements of Civil Law.
      PubDate: 2014-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Analysis of the Effects of Relative Price Changes as Supply Shocks on
           Inflation in Iran

    • Authors: Akbar Komijani, Majid Ahmadlu, Kambiz Hozhabr Kiani, Farhad Ghaffari
      Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of relative price changes dispersion and skewness as aggregate supply shocks on inflation in iran. For this purpose, we used total and state urban price index, for period 2004-2012 and arellano and bover (1995), Blundell and Bond (1998) method. The results show that relative price changes dispersion and skewness have positive and significant effect on inflation. In addition, the interaction between the dispersion and skewness has negative effect on inflation.
      PubDate: 2014-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • A Survey on Antecedents of Brand Preference (A Case of Samsung on Audio
           and Video Products)

    • Authors: Zahra Kashanizadeh, Mohammad Rahim Esfidani
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the factors influencing brand preference. Samsung audio and video products have been chosen as case study. This study is based on practical approach. Data collection methods is descriptive branch of the covariance matrix or correlation analysis. After gathering information through questionnaires, exploratory factor analysis was conducted by LISREL software. As a result, the overall factors affecting customer preferences in the form factor of 7 were determined. Each of these factors were determined as general hypothesis of the study. These assumptions were studied through confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis. The results showed that brand awareness, advertising, features of value and characteristics of customer, effect on Samsung brand preference.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • A Study on the Explicit and Implicit Memory Bias among People with Social
           Anxiety Disorder and Normal Participants

    • Authors: Ali Farhadi, Yazdan Movahedi, Mohammad Almasian, Abdolkhalegh Minashiri, Galavizh Karimi Javan, Soheila Khazaee
      Abstract: Anxiety disorders, especially social phobia, are among the most important disorders among university students, which need particular attention. The present research was carried out to compare explicit and implicit memory among people with social phobia and normal subjects. In the present study which is of the causal-comparative type, the research subjects consisted of 50 individuals suffering from social anxiety disorder and 50 normal individuals, who were selected via screening from among the students of the University of Tabriz. Data collection was performed using the social anxiety scale, word stem completion task, and cued recall test. The collected data were analyzed using the multivariate analysis of variance method. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in implicit memory when remembering positive and negative words, but no significant difference was observed between the two groups in explicit memory.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Rotating Black Holes in Conformal Gravity

    • Authors: Sara Dastan, Ali Farokhtabar, Mohammad Ali Ganjali, Bahare Hosseini
      Abstract: It is a long time since the motion of astronomical objects has been explained in the framework of Newtonian gravity. The great success of Newton’s law of universal gravitation in planetary motion persuaded astronomers to use this regime as a viable framework in the larger scales. Meanwhile, whenever a deviation of observed motions from expected ones were observed, the immediate question came up: should such anomalies be considered as incompleteness of laws of gravitation or as indication of the existence of unseen objects? In following we explain rotating black holes and solving this metric’s black hole with conformal gravity. Firstly explain problem with DM then introduce conformal transformation and conformal gravity, in the last step we solving a metric for rotating black hole in the presence and absence of matter.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Correlation between Dimensions of Perfectionism and Defense Mechanisms
           with Narcissism in Students of Islamic Azad University-Tonekabon Branch

    • Authors: ahmad shamsaldini, mohammadreza zarbakhsh, Abdolali Yaghoubi
      Abstract: The current research has been conducted with the aim of determining the correlation between aspects of perfectionism and defense mechanisms with narcissism in university students. The currents research method is correlative. The population includes all of the university students of Islamic Azad University-Tonekabon Branch in academic year 2012 - 2013 and among them 223 individuals were chosen by cluster random sampling as samples. NPI-16, Hall (1979), dimensions of Hewitt and Felt perfectionism (1991) and defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) Andrews et al, (1993) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed through the use of Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression in two arranged series simultaneously by the use of SPSS software. Results showed that a positive and significant correlation exists between dimensions of perfectionism (self-oriented, other- oriented, community-oriented) and defense mechanisms (immature and neurotic) with narcissism in university students and a negative significant correlation exists between the defense mechanism (mature) and the narcissism in university students. Also in these two set of series 18% of variance related to narcissism was explained.
      PubDate: 2014-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Strategic Planning for Reaching the Stable Urban Safety in the Unsafe
           

    • Authors: Fatemehalsadat Afsahhosseini
      Abstract: Urban un-safety is one of the serious challenges in the societies that is considered by many experts. Achieving stable urban safety and increasing it in the big cities is one of the most important issues especially in capital.  Dimensions of urban safety are complicate with extension of Tehran daily, therefore representing appropriate strategies to improve the urban safety is necessary. Strategic planning is considered as an effective method to solve the complicated and variable problems of modern cities by researchers. Khalazir district of region 19 was selected to study by this method and documents of strategic planning were established in a three-stage process. Questionnaires were applied in the descriptive-analytical method for this study. Statistical society was conducted from 37 residents and 10 leaders from district. The aim of this study is providing safety for cities of Iran by identifying and removing the threats of urban threats dimensions (commercial, social, cultural, environmental and management rules) by participation of the public and private sectors and the main organization that is responsible for urban safety cooperation (it is necessary to be constituted) and then making more secure urban districts.
      PubDate: 2014-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • The Effect of Visual Mnemonic Support Practice on the Reading
           Comprehension of Psychology Texts

    • Authors: Zahra Kordjazi
      Abstract: Iranian psychology students often face difficulties in understanding psychology texts in English. This can have an adverse effect on their opportunities of academic success. To help them overcome those difficulties, the current study investigated the effect of visual mnemonic support practice on students' reading comprehension. The participants of the present study were 55 Iranian psychology seniors chosen out of 71 students based on their PET language proficiency test scores. They were divided into two homogenous groups of experimental and control. The experimental group benefited from visual mnemonic techniques, including pictures and visualization. Open-ended questioning was used as a measure of reading comprehension. Results of Independent Samples T-test revealed that the experimental group outperformed the control group. Pedagogical implications of visual mnemonic aids are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Studying the Role of Habits and Achievement Motivation in Improving
           Students’ Academic Performance

    • Authors: Kambiz Yazdani, Varsha Sane Godbole
      Abstract: The purpose of the research was to study the relation of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance in high school student in Hyderabad. A sample of 400 students consisting of boys and girls were selected from 7th and 8th grade. The tools used in the present study to collect data were study habits inventory by M. N. Palsane (1989) and achievement motivation scale by Deo.mohan (1992). The data were collected in small groups. Later the data were analyzed by using mean score, standard deviation, Pearson’s correlation and regression. The result indicated that there was significant positive relationship of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance. The result also showed the extent of contribution of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance. Therefore it can be concluded that achievement motivation and study habits have proved to be effective on academic performance of students and helped them for better performance and academic achievement.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
  • Examining the Effects of Behavior Variables (Skill, Attitude and
           

    • Authors: Mahshid Sherafati, Roohollah Mohammadi
      Abstract: In this research, the role of behavioral variables (skill, attitude, and personality) was considered on employee empowerment in Karafarin bank. In order to research in this particular subject, some questionnaire provided and distributed among 120 employees and managers in Karafarin bank. Each of behavioral variables 'effectiveness on employee empowerment considered with utilizing stepwise regression after information gathered. Results of research indicated that behavioral variables (skill, attitude, and personality) have positive and significant effectiveness on employee empowerment, and personality among considered behavioral variables is most effective item on employee empowerment.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
       
 
 
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