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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
     Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Correlation between Dimensions of Perfectionism and Defense Mechanisms
           with Narcissism in Students of Islamic Azad University-Tonekabon Branch

    • Authors: ahmad shamsaldini, mohammadreza zarbakhsh, Abdolali Yaghoubi
      Abstract: The current research has been conducted with the aim of determining the correlation between aspects of perfectionism and defense mechanisms with narcissism in university students. The currents research method is correlative. The population includes all of the university students of Islamic Azad University-Tonekabon Branch in academic year 2012 - 2013 and among them 223 individuals were chosen by cluster random sampling as samples. NPI-16, Hall (1979), dimensions of Hewitt and Felt perfectionism (1991) and defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) Andrews et al, (1993) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed through the use of Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression in two arranged series simultaneously by the use of SPSS software. Results showed that a positive and significant correlation exists between dimensions of perfectionism (self-oriented, other- oriented, community-oriented) and defense mechanisms (immature and neurotic) with narcissism in university students and a negative significant correlation exists between the defense mechanism (mature) and the narcissism in university students. Also in these two set of series 18% of variance related to narcissism was explained.
      PubDate: 2014-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Strategic Planning for Reaching the Stable Urban Safety in the Unsafe

    • Authors: Fatemehalsadat Afsahhosseini
      Abstract: Urban un-safety is one of the serious challenges in the societies that is considered by many experts. Achieving stable urban safety and increasing it in the big cities is one of the most important issues especially in capital.  Dimensions of urban safety are complicate with extension of Tehran daily, therefore representing appropriate strategies to improve the urban safety is necessary. Strategic planning is considered as an effective method to solve the complicated and variable problems of modern cities by researchers. Khalazir district of region 19 was selected to study by this method and documents of strategic planning were established in a three-stage process. Questionnaires were applied in the descriptive-analytical method for this study. Statistical society was conducted from 37 residents and 10 leaders from district. The aim of this study is providing safety for cities of Iran by identifying and removing the threats of urban threats dimensions (commercial, social, cultural, environmental and management rules) by participation of the public and private sectors and the main organization that is responsible for urban safety cooperation (it is necessary to be constituted) and then making more secure urban districts.
      PubDate: 2014-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • The Effect of Visual Mnemonic Support Practice on the Reading
           Comprehension of Psychology Texts

    • Authors: Zahra Kordjazi
      Abstract: Iranian psychology students often face difficulties in understanding psychology texts in English. This can have an adverse effect on their opportunities of academic success. To help them overcome those difficulties, the current study investigated the effect of visual mnemonic support practice on students' reading comprehension. The participants of the present study were 55 Iranian psychology seniors chosen out of 71 students based on their PET language proficiency test scores. They were divided into two homogenous groups of experimental and control. The experimental group benefited from visual mnemonic techniques, including pictures and visualization. Open-ended questioning was used as a measure of reading comprehension. Results of Independent Samples T-test revealed that the experimental group outperformed the control group. Pedagogical implications of visual mnemonic aids are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Studying the Role of Habits and Achievement Motivation in Improving
           Students’ Academic Performance

    • Authors: Kambiz Yazdani, Varsha Sane Godbole
      Abstract: The purpose of the research was to study the relation of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance in high school student in Hyderabad. A sample of 400 students consisting of boys and girls were selected from 7th and 8th grade. The tools used in the present study to collect data were study habits inventory by M. N. Palsane (1989) and achievement motivation scale by Deo.mohan (1992). The data were collected in small groups. Later the data were analyzed by using mean score, standard deviation, Pearson’s correlation and regression. The result indicated that there was significant positive relationship of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance. The result also showed the extent of contribution of achievement motivation and study habits to academic performance. Therefore it can be concluded that achievement motivation and study habits have proved to be effective on academic performance of students and helped them for better performance and academic achievement.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
  • Examining the Effects of Behavior Variables (Skill, Attitude and

    • Authors: Mahshid Sherafati, Roohollah Mohammadi
      Abstract: In this research, the role of behavioral variables (skill, attitude, and personality) was considered on employee empowerment in Karafarin bank. In order to research in this particular subject, some questionnaire provided and distributed among 120 employees and managers in Karafarin bank. Each of behavioral variables 'effectiveness on employee empowerment considered with utilizing stepwise regression after information gathered. Results of research indicated that behavioral variables (skill, attitude, and personality) have positive and significant effectiveness on employee empowerment, and personality among considered behavioral variables is most effective item on employee empowerment.
      PubDate: 2014-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 3 (2014)
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