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Religions of South Asia
   [6 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 17512689 - ISSN (Online) 1751-2697
     Published by Equinox Publishing Homepage  [30 journals]
  • Georgios T. Halkias, Luminous Bliss: A Religious History of Pure Land
           Literature in Tibet. Pure Land Buddhist Studies Series; Honolulu:
           University of Hawai’i Press, 2013. xxx + 335 pp. $49.00. ISBN
           978-0-82483-590-3 (hardback).
    • Authors: Michael M B Zrenner
      Abstract: Halkias’ work truly is a rich and well-rounded pioneer-study of a comparatively neglected field that introduces the pure-land traditions of India and Tibet with considerable analytical versatility and compelling intelligence. Nearing a decade of sustained research on Pure-Land traditions inside and outside Indo-Tibetan cultural areas enables Halkias to draw on considerable historical and doctrinal details which allows him to fully contextualize and deepen findings explored in a number of noteworthy articles (2004, 2006, 2009, 2013).
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Naomi Appleton, Sarah Shaw and Toshiya Unebe, Illuminating the Life of the
           Buddha: An Illustrated Chanting Book from Eighteenth-Century Siam. Oxford:
           Bodleian Library, 2013. xviii + 142 pp. £35. ISBN 978-1-85124-283-2
           (hardback).
    • Authors: Angela S Chiu
      Abstract: Book review.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Ludo Rocher, Studies in Hindu Law and Dharmaśāstra. Edited by
           Donald R. Davis, Jr. London/New York, and Delhi: Anthem Press, 2012. 760
           pp. £80. ISBN 978-0- 85728-550-8 (hardback).
    • Authors: Timothy Lubin
      Abstract: Book review.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Peter Skilling, Jason A. Carbine, Claudio Cicuzza and Santi Pakdeekham
           (eds.), How Theravāda is Theravāda? Exploring Buddhist
           Identities. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, 2012. xxxvi + 620 pp.
           £40.00/$60.00. ISBN 978-6-16215- 044-9 (paperback).
    • Authors: Alastair Gornall
      Abstract: Book review.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Interpreter of Hinduism to the West? Sir Edwin Arnold’s
           (Re)Presentations of Hindu Texts and their Reception
    • Authors: Catherine Anne Robinson
      Abstract: Brooks Wright’s 1957 biography of Sir Edwin Arnold (1832–1904) was entitled Interpreter of Buddhism to the West. This reflects the fact that Arnold’s best-known work is The Light of Asia, telling the life story of the Buddha. His role in disseminating Buddhist ideas (or ideas about Buddhism), both through the extraordinary success of The Light of Asia and through other activities, both journalistic and campaigning, that acquired prominence because of his high public profile, has led commentators to consider his legacy first and foremost in relation to Buddhism. However, Arnold played a similar part in respect of Hinduism. Concentrating on Indian Idylls, containing episodes from the Mahābhārata; The Indian Song of Songs, a version of the Gītagovinda; and The Song Celestial, a version of the Bhagavad-Gītā, together with treatments of upaniṣadic literature in The Secret of Death and Lotus and Jewel, this article has three main sections. First, there is an overview of the Victorian era in order to identify evidence of interest in, and enthusiasm for, the East, particularly India and Hinduism. Second, there is a more detailed discussion of knowledge of Hinduism in various fora, including the academic, located in the context of the primacy accorded to scripture in a textual model of religion. Third, there is an examination of the nature and purpose of translation, because it was primarily as a translator, albeit avowedly in a poetic and popular style, that Arnold conceptualized, or at least articulated, his own purpose and agenda. While it is notoriously difficult to assess the impact of any author or publication, it is concluded that Arnold’s contribution to the ‘Easternization’ of the West encompassed Hinduism as well as Buddhism.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Pañcanṛtyasabhās: Dancing Halls Five
    • Authors: R.K.K. Kesava Rajarajan
      Abstract: The convention among art historians is to begin Naṭarāja studies with Citamparam. Historically and mythologically, this is a misconception. The earliest mention of Kūttaṉ/Naṭarāja appears in a fifth- or sixth-century CE literary work, the Ālaṅkāṭṭumuttatiruppatikam of [Kāraikkāl]-Ammaiyār, and the theme continued to persist through the ages, being particularly exalted in the hymns of the Tēvāram, the first seven compilations of the Śaiva canon. The Cidambaramāhātmya is a work of the fourteenth century CE or later. Scholarly research has depended more on Sanskritic sources (e.g. Sivaramamurti 1974; Smith 1998) than on the earlier Tamil material. This article says why studies pertaining to Naṭarāja should begin with Ālaṅkāṭu, the earliest sthala extolled in the Tamil hymns, considered the original base of the Naṭarāja tradition. It cursorily reflects on the available epigraphical sources. The other dancing venues of the Lord, Tillai/Citamparam, Ālavāy/Maturai, Nelvēli and Kuṟṟālam, were added in due course, making with Ālaṅkāttu a list of five dancing halls (pañcanṛtyasabhā). The article examines a group of five stucco images that appear in the frontal projection of the maṇḍapa to the Ālaṅkāṭu temple.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Simon Brodbeck, Dermot Killingley, Anna King
      Abstract: Editor's Introduction.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Śrī and Viṣṇu: One God in Two Persons
    • Authors: Klaus Klostermaier
      Abstract: The Christian doctrine of the Trinity arose from the need to reconcile the divinity of Jesus with monotheism. Śrīvaiṣṇava theologians faced a similar problem with their belief in the Goddess Śrī or Lakṣmī and her husband Viṣṇu or Nārāyaṇa as two distinct deities in one godhead. The article examines the ways in which the divinity of Śrī and her oneness with Viṣṇu are upheld, using Rāmānuja’s Śaraṇāgati-gadya, Vedānta Deśika’s Rahasyatrayasāra, and Lokācārya Pillai’s Mumukṣupadi. It then presents some of the scriptural sources and philosophical concepts with which the theologians support their position. In conclusion, the doctrine is briefly compared with the Christian Trinity and the Śaiva ardhanarīśvara.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
  • Violence, Virtue and Spiritual Liberation: A Preliminary Survey of
           Buddhist and Jaina Stories of Future Rebirths of Śreṇika
           Bimbisāra and Kūṇika Ajātaśatru
    • Authors: Juan Wu
      Abstract: The Magadhan king Śreṇika Bimbisāra and his son Kūṇika Ajātaśatru are widely featured in both Buddhist and Jaina literature. Previous studies have generally focused on the parallels between Buddhist and Jaina depictions of these two figures. Rather less attention has been devoted to exploring how or why the Buddhist and Jaina stories about them differ. This article contrasts the Buddhist and Jaina accounts of their future rebirths. Whereas the Jainas spoke much of Śreṇika’s eventual jinahood and kept silent on Kūṇika’s future destiny, the Buddhists said little about Bimbisāra’s future destiny, while giving several prophecies of Ajātaśatru’s eventual awakening. Based on a comparative survey of the Buddhist and Jaina accounts, the article argues that the Buddhist and Jaina authors held significantly different understandings of how key religious factors such as karma, the Dharma, the power of the Buddha or Mahāvīra, and an individual’s inherent spiritual potential play out in soteriological discourse. It also argues that the Buddhist prophecies of Ajātaśatru and the Jaina prophecies of Śreṇika share a common idea that moral culpability has no permanent karmic effects, thus constituting no real obstacle to spiritual growth in the long run.
      PubDate: 2014-11-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
       
 
 
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