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Journal Cover Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1837-5391
   Published by U of Technology Sydney Homepage  [7 journals]
  • The Role of NGOs in Building CSR Discourse around Human Rights in
           Developing Countries

    • Authors: Jae-Eun Noh
      Pages: 1 - 19
      Abstract: As a response to increasing influences of transnational corporations (TNCs) over the lives of the poor, development NGOs have tried to promote their responsibility in cooperative ways: partnership in development projects and voluntary regulations. Notwithstanding some degree of success, these cooperative ways have failed to bring fundamental changes to TNCs. This article outlines the limitations of the mainstream corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the potential of grassroots social movements to make TNCs accountable. People in developing countries have been neglected in the CSR agenda; however, they have power to change corporations as labourers, consumers and citizens. Drawing on case studies, this article suggests that NGOs should support grassroots people in building global networks, constructing collective values and creating the information flow in order to overcome the current shortcomings of community-driven social movements. For these new roles as advocates and facilitators for grassroots movements, NGOs need to transform themselves by pursuing core values.  
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.4826
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Prostrating Walk in the Campaign against Sino-Hong Kong Express Railway:
           Collective Identity of Native Social Movement

    • Authors: Steve Kwok-Leung Chan
      Pages: 20 - 41
      Abstract: Occupation, blockage and storming are not rare in social movements a decade after China resuming sovereignty in Hong Kong. The organizers and participants usually involve locally born young people. Some of them are secondary school students in their teens. They are known as the fourth generation or post-1980s born Hongkongers. The paper examines the cultural context of social movements involving these youth activists. It mainly studied the campaign against the Sino-Hong Kong Express Railway development project. The project called for the demolition of the Tsoi Yuen Village, a small rural village located on its designed route. Since then, the role of younger generation in social movements has been generally recognized. Social media are widely employed in all stages of the movements with citizen journalists actively involved. The impressive ‘prostrating walk’ imitating Tibetan pilgrims becomes the symbol of these youth activists. It keeps appearing in other campaigns including Occupy Central in Hong Kong in 2014. This paper argues that the rise of nativism, advancement in ICT technology and shifting towards new social movements contribute to the dominant role of youth in recent social movements of Hong Kong. Collective identity of Hongkonger in response to the top-down assimilation by China, strengthens the movement.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.4986
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Germany‚Äôs Government-Civil Society Development Cooperation Strategy: the
           dangers of the middle of the road

    • Authors: Susan Engel
      Pages: 42 - 59
      Abstract: The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has been busy since the late 2000s studying the way aid donors manage their relations with development civil society organisations (CSOs). More than studying these relations, they have made some very detailed, managerialist suggestions about how CSOs should be organised and how donor governments should fund and otherwise relate to them. This came out of the debate about aid effectiveness, which was formally aimed at improving both donor and recipient processes. Donors have quietly dropped many of the aspects related to improving their own performance and yet a number have created new interventionist governance frameworks for CSOs. This is the case in Germany, which has a large, vibrant development CSO sector that has traditionally been quite autonomous, even where its received state funding thanks to Germany’s commitment to ‘subsidiarity.’ Yet Germany is otherwise a middle of the road donor and in many ways, these ‘reforms’ are moving its relations with civil society more towards a somewhat more managerialist approach, one that is in fact the norms amongst OECD donors.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.4942
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Bishnuprasad Rabha as Cultural Icon of Assam: The Process of Meaning
           Making

    • Authors: Parismita Hazarika, Debarshi Prasad Nath
      Pages: 60 - 76
      Abstract: The term ‘cultural icon’ is generally used to refer to individuals or images, objects, visual sign, monuments, space etc. In semiotics the term ‘icon’ is used to refer to a sign that bears close resemblance to the object that it stands for. Icons are particularly influential signifiers because they are immediately identifiable and carry complex cultural codes in a compact image. In this paper the understanding of ‘cultural icon’ is not limited to semiotics. Following Keyan Tomaselli and David Scott in Cultural Icons (2009), we believe that cultural icons are purposive constructions. An attempt has been made in this paper to analyze the association of ‘desirable’ meanings to a cultural icon (while dropping ‘undesirable’ ones); thus, it is imperative that we look at the changing socio-political contexts behind such purposive constructions. With this in mind, we look at the iconic figure of Bishnuprasad Rabha who has been one of the most revered figures in the cultural history of Assam and has been appropriated as a cultural icon in different discourses of the national life of Assam that has emerged in recent times.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.5241
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Emergence of inter-identity alliances in struggles for transformation of
           the Kenyan constitution

    • Authors: Jacob Mwathi Mati
      Pages: 77 - 97
      Abstract: Struggles for transformation of the Kenyan constitution brought into alliances disparate movements from below, sections of middleclass, and factions of political, economic and religious elites, in challenging the government. The emergence of these alliances presents useful cases for examining the dynamic relationship and politics between these movements, and also for probing social movement theory. Specifically, given the centrality of identity consciousness in movements, how were intrinsic class, religious, gender, generational and ethnic identity interests, contestations and cleavages overcome to enable inter-identity alliances in these struggles? More critically, how relevant are the dominant social movement theories in explaining this phenomenon? Is theoretical straightjacketing useful for analysing movements with such diversity? Drawing from in-depth interviews and existing literature on Kenyan constitutional reform struggles, this paper illustrates how alliances between the different identities and movements were forged to allow for a common struggle. The paper further illustrates that while political opportunity structures explain certain aspects of this phenomenon, framing, civic education and community organising strategies were critical enablers for collective identity formation
      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.5284
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Politicized Civil Society in Bangladesh: Case Study Analyses

    • Authors: Farhat Tasnim
      Pages: 98 - 123
      Abstract: Although civil society in Bangladesh is recognized for its vibrant performance in social development, it is often criticized for its inability to ensure good governance and democracy. The aim of this paper is to point out the reasons for this failure of civil society. Through performing case studies upon five civil society organizations representing different sector and level of the civil society, the paper concludes that civil society organizations in Bangladesh are often politicized and co-opted by different political parties. In a typical scenario, civil society can provide a counterbalance or even monitor the state both at the national and local level. However, in Bangladesh, often the civil society organizations have compromised their autonomy and politicized themselves to certain political parties or political block. In such a vulnerable position, civil society can hardly play its expected role to ensure good governance and strengthen democracy.

      PubDate: 2017-03-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i1.5247
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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