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Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1837-5391
Published by U of Technology Sydney Homepage  [7 journals]
  • The onward migration of North Korean refugees to Australia: in search of
           cosmopolitan habitus

    • Authors: Kyungja Jung, Bronwen Dalton, Jacqueline Willis
      Pages: 1 - 20
      Abstract: Based on assumed common ethnicity, language and culture, South Korea is believed to be the best country for North Korean defectors to restart their lives. This is, however, not necessarily the case. Since the mid-2000s, 2000 to 3000 North Koreans have allegedly settled in the UK, Canada, the US, Australia and EU countries. Despite this trend and its broader implications, the onward migration process of North Korean refugees, together with their motivations and lived experiences, remain poorly addressed in academic research. Drawing from the unique experience of North Korean refugees’ onward movement to Australia, the paper suggests that discarding a North Korean identity and habitus and gaining cosmopolitan habitus are the main reasons behind North Korean defectors’ onward migration. The paper is the first empirical study on North Korean refugees resettled in Australia to adopt habitus as a theoretical framework, and thus provides new insight into migration studies.  
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5506
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
  • Citizenhood: Rethinking Multicultural Citizenship

    • Authors: Irit Keynan
      Pages: 21 - 40
      Abstract: In its comprehensive meaning, citizenship should ideally bestow a sense of belonging in the large social group, as well as a stake in the state's cultural, political and economic life, topped by a sense of solidarity, which transcends ethno-religious differences. Unfortunately, many nation states fail these tasks and not all of their citizens are offered such an embracing welcome. Because of the massive immigrations of the last decades this difficulty has intensified and many states struggle with the problem of maintaining a sense of belonging of its citizens with the state. This article proposes a named new concept, “Citizenhood”, which may provide a better way to reconcile ideas of cultural and social rights with the idea of citizenship in contemporary multicultural liberal and democratic nation states. In particular, the new concept strives to alleviate the situation of groups upon whom citizenship does not confer the sense of 'being at home'. Improving the feelings of these groups is important not only for their own well-being, but for the state as well, since their feeling of alienation from the community at large weakens social cohesion and may fuel continuous tensions. Scholars have suggested different alternatives to overcome these difficulties but a solution is not yet in sight. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of previous suggestions and elaborates on the benefits of the proposed new concept.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5518
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
  • Alt_Right White Lite: Trolling, Hate Speech and Cyber Racism on Social

    • Authors: Andrew Henry Jakubowicz
      Pages: 41 - 60
      Abstract: The rapid growth of race hate speech on the Internet seems to have overwhelmed the capacity of states, corporations or civil society to limit its spread and impact. Yet by understanding how the political economy of the Internet facilitates racism it is possible to chart strategies that might push back on its negative social effects. Only by involving the state, economy and civil society at both the global level, and locally, can such a process begin to develop an effective ‘civilising’ dynamic. However neo-liberalism and democratic license may find such an exercise ultimately overwhelmingly challenging, especially if the fundamental logical drivers that underpin the business model of the Internet cannot be transformed. This article charts the most recent rise and confusion of the Internet under the impact of the Alt-Right and other racist groups, focusing on an Australian example that demonstrates the way in which a group could manipulate the contradictions of the Internet with some success. Using an analytical model developed to understand the political economy and sociology of mass media power in the later stages of modernity, before the Internet, the author offers a series of proposals on how to address racism on the Internet.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5655
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
  • Australians’ Views on Cultural Diversity, Nation and Migration,

    • Authors: Alanna Kamp, Oishee Alam, Kathleen Blair, Kevin Dunn
      Pages: 61 - 84
      Abstract: Between July and August 2015, and in November 2016, the Challenging Racism Project team conducted an online survey to measure the extent and variation of racist attitudes and experiences in Australia. The survey comprised a sample of 6001 Australian residents, which was largely representative of the Australian population. The survey gauged Australians’ attitudes toward cultural diversity, intolerance of specific groups, immigration, perceptions of Anglo-Celtic cultural privilege, and belief in racialism, racial separatism and racial hierarchy. In this paper we report findings on respondents’ views on cultural diversity, nation and migration. The majority of Australians are pro-diversity. However, we also acknowledge conflicting findings such as strong support for assimilation and identification of ‘out groups’. The findings paint a complex picture of attitudes towards cultural diversity, nation and migration in Australia. The attitudes reflect contradictory political trends of celebrated diversity, triumphalist claims about freedom, alongside pro-assimilationist views and stoked Islamophobia. This is within the context of a stalled multicultural project that has not sufficiently challenged assimilationist assumptions and Anglo-privilege.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5635
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
  • Foreign Funded NGOs in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine: Recent Restrictions
           and Implications

    • Authors: Olga Oleinikova
      Pages: 85 - 94
      Abstract: The opportunity for public participation through NGO action in post-communist societies is continuously starved by legal framework. Since the collapse of Soviet Union, NGOs in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and other post-Communist states have traditionally looked abroad for their funding, and are dismayed at recent legislation setting up new barriers to this practice. This paper discusses the new laws and restrictive amendments to legislative acts on the operations of foreign funded NGOs in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, adopted since 2011.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5637
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
  • The NGO law in China and its impact on Overseas funded NGOs

    • Authors: Chongyi Feng
      Pages: 95 - 105
      Abstract: The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Administration of Activities of Overseas Non-governmental Organisations in the Mainland of China (Overseas NGO Law), adopted at the 20th Meeting of the 12th Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on 28 April 2016, came into force on 1 January 2017. The Chinese authorities explained that this new law is a major step “to standardise and guide the activities of overseas non-governmental organisations” in line with the objective of the Chinese Communist Party “to comprehensively promote the rule of law and to build a socialist country under the rule of law” . However, foreign NGOs in China have reacted to the new law with grave concern and anxiety. This article provides an analysis on the main features of the Law and assess its intention, impact and consequences.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i3.5601
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
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Heriot-Watt University
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