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Journal Cover   Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1837-5391
   Published by University of Technology Sydney Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Working across Cultural Spheres: The Knowledge Sharing Practices of
           Boundary spanners in a Global Insurance Firm

    • Authors: Helena Heizmann
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: As organisations are becoming increasingly complex from a cultural perspective, it is important to understand how practitioners manage the differences that arise when working with peers that engage in different cultural (national cultural, professional, functional) spheres. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to practice-based research on knowledge sharing by using a discourse analytic lens which exposes the link between the knowledge (sharing) practices of boundary spanners at cultural interfaces and its immediate power effects for the subjects involved. The paper examines how a community of in-house consultants in a global insurance firm shifts from translating to transformational knowledge sharing practices depending on the power relations that link them to their audiences, highlighting: (1) the political nature of boundary spanners’ knowledge sharing practices, (2) the power effects for the subjects involved and (3) the relational character of communities of practice. The study suggests that knowledge (sharing) practices are not neutral but have power implications that need to be considered in cross-cultural boundary work if participants want to achieve more meaningful forms of mutual engagement.
      PubDate: 2015-02-18
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2015)
  • Creative Coercion in Post-Katrina New Orleans: a Neighborhood Strategy to
           Address Conflict in Networks

    • Authors: Stephen Danley
      Pages: 17 - 34
      Abstract: The study of relationships within networks has traditionally focused on concepts such as cooperation, collaboration and other forms of partnership (Brown & Keast 2003). The assumption has been that actors in a network have shared vision and are working together. This study tests that idea by using mixed methods and ethnography to examine 15 neighborhood associations in post-Katrina New Orleans, and 71 of their relationships within policy networks. Contrary to our typical understanding of networks, neighborhood associations engage not just in partnership, but also in power struggles. When excluded from policy networks, neighborhood associations use creative coercion to ensure their voice is heard. Facing a power deficit, these associations look for informal levers to assert themselves into policy negotiation. The result is creative and coercive measures, such as co-opting elections, bribery, blackmail and what one neighborhood activist calls ‘guerrilla warfare.’ These conflicts force a reconsideration of networks. Networks are not solely homes of collaborative action; they are also the location of sharp power struggles over priorities. 
      PubDate: 2015-03-24
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2015)
  • From Liberal Democracy to the Cosmopolitan Canopy

    • Authors: Jon Van Til
      Pages: 35 - 52
      Abstract: Liberalism is that ideology, that worldview, which values, in an ever-evolving set of intelligently intermingled thoughts:  democracy, freedom (liberty), equality (justice), fraternity (solidarity), the pursuit of happiness, pluralism (diversity), and human rights--and explores the ever-open ever-possible futures of their rediscovery and advance. The study of ways in which social movements relate to Third sector/nonprofit or voluntary organizations can be structured, if we choose, as a liberal endeavor.  That is the message I receive from Antonin Wagner’s (2012) telling of the emergence of a field that focuses its study and developmental energies on place of intermediate associational life in modern society, from Adalbert Evers’ efforts to sustain the welfare state in an era of untrammeled capitalism (2013), and from Roger Lohmann’s (1992) comprehensive vision of a social commons capable of assuring the values of liberal society.This paper sets the theory of liberal democracy in a contemporary cosmopolitan context, drawing on case material from Hungary, Northern Ireland,  and the United States.
      PubDate: 2015-03-19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2015)
  • Indigenous Participation in Australian Sport: The Perils of the
           ‘Panacea’ Proposition

    • Authors: John Robert Evans, Rachel Wilson, Bronwen Dalton, Steve Georgakis
      Pages: 53 - 77
      Abstract: The argument that participation in sport among disadvantaged populations can produce positive outcomes in wide range of areas has been a consistent theme in academic literature. It is argued that sport participation can promote women’s empowerment, sexuality, lifestyle, peacemaking, youth development, poverty reduction and conflict resolution. Similarly, in Australia, participation in sport among Indigenous Australians has been proffered as a ‘panacea’ for many Indigenous problems; from promoting better health and education outcomes, to encouraging community building, good citizenship and entrepreneurship. Parallel to this has been a focus on documenting and analysing sport participation among Indigenous Australians in elite sport which often concludes that Indigenous Australians have an innate and ‘natural ability’ in sports. These two assumptions, first, that sport participation can help realise a wide range of positive social outcomes; and second, that Indigenous Australians are natural athletes, have driven significant public investment in numerous sport focused programs. This paper questions these assumptions and outlines some of the challenges inherent with an emphasis on sport as a solution to Indigenous disadvantage. We highlight how participation in sport has often been tied to ambitious, ill-defined and, in terms of evaluation, often elusive social outcome goals. Second, we also argue that there is limited research to indicate that participation in either elite or grassroots level sport has led to any discernible social progress in addressing inequality. We contrast historical Indigenous participation in a range of sporting codes to demonstrate the influence of factors beyond the ‘natural ability’ and ‘born to play’ propositions. Finally, we outline six ‘perils’ associated with viewing sport as a panacea; including how privileging sport can not only perpetuate disadvantage by reinforcing stereotypes and also contribute to a diversion of attention and resources away from other approaches that have been proven to have a greater positive social impact.
      PubDate: 2015-04-08
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2015)
  • Negotiating a Concurrence: Tracing the Visible/Invisible Relocation within
           Migrant-Inhabited Cities of China

    • Authors: Xueni Peng, Jin Baek
      First page: 78
      Abstract: Abstract: It is essential for us to illuminate the specific role and adaptation of China’s internal migrants who have experiences not entirely different to those suffered by overseas immigrants. A number of reasons convince us to draw this conclusion, including, the large gap in income compared to local workers, sharing different cultural values to native residents, and the noticeably lower living standards between the areas of origin and the migrants’ destinations.China’s internal migrants experience hardship akin to those undergone by overseas immigrants. In this respect, migration in China is an experience that begins before people move away from their place of origin and continues long after arriving in their new home destinations. As a unique feature of migration research, national relocation is not simply crossing a geographical boundary, but also transgressing social and psychological environment barriers. Our research intends to examine the underestimated or marginal character played by such outsider crowds with special regard given to the individual’s experience of ‘unfamiliar settlements. This involves exploring the role of migrants’ transformation through the misapprehension that relocation is merely a geographical movement. We suggest that visible relocation brings other incidental replacements (such as changes in identity, psychological cognition and social cohesion). 
      PubDate: 2015-04-29
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2015)
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