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Journal Cover Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1837-5391
   Published by U of Technology Sydney Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Disinformation Society, communication and cosmopolitan democracy

    • Authors: Jonathan Paul Marshall
      Pages: 1 - 24
      Abstract: This paper argues that ‘fake news’ is endemic to ‘information society’ as a whole, not just the internet or news media. It is part of daily experience, generated by established patterns of communication, social group categorisation, framing, and patterns of power. These disruptions are intensified  though interacting with the dynamics of information capitalism, which values strategic effectiveness more than accuracy. Assuming democratic cosmopolitan society must have good communication, this paper explores the factors which produce obstacles to such communicative processes, as the patterns which support bad communication and disinformation must be understood before they can be dealt with.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5477
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
  • Alternative facts and fake news entering journalistic content production

    • Authors: Marju Himma-Kadakas
      Pages: 25 - 40
      Abstract: Processing information into journalistic content in contemporary news media creates a favorable environment for the distribution of misleading and fake information. This paper analyzes the distribution of alternative facts and fake news as a phenomenon characterizing post-fact society and how journalistic work processes may promote and legitimize the distribution of misleading content. The study looks into the back- and front-stage performances of journalistic information processing that are influenced by social time acceleration and the insistence of ‘click-bait’ news criteria. We used three different methods for teaching news reporting on three different groups of Estonian journalism students, and analyzed their performance using self-reflection in focus group interviews. Two groups of students, whose assignments were geared toward the outcome, focused more on front stage performances and underestimated back stage performances, e.g. the evaluation of sources, background information gathering, and fact checking. One group, which was taught news reporting as a process of information filtering, perceived and reflected both front and back stage performances. The results indicate that (online) newsroom practice, which is influenced by time pressure and the continuous requirement of new content, may force journalists to skip the stages of conventional journalistic information processing and due to that create favorable environment for publishing and distributing misleading and fake news.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5469
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
  • Journalism, the pressures of verification and notions of post-truth in
           civil society

    • Authors: Nora Martin
      Pages: 41 - 56
      Abstract: ‘Post-truth’ was not a new concept when it was selected as the international word of the year (2016) by Oxford Dictionaries. In the context of communications research, scholars were discussing journalism in the ‘post-factual’ age some thirty years ago (Ettema 1987). In the digital era, journalistic practice itself has changed; stories are generated by a multiplicity of actors in a participative and interactive way. This paper contemplates the nature of journalists’ information practices in the 21st century and relates these to the roles of information and social media in civil society. The methodology draws on the findings of pilot research studies investigating journalists’ information practices in the digital realm (Martin 2014; 2015) and investigates the pressures of verification. The author posits that that we are ostensibly living in a ‘post-truth’ society largely due to the impact of changes in the news milieu in the digital age. With so many diverse voices in the mix, it is increasingly difficult for citizens to separate fact from fiction; journalists thus have a role as verifiers. It is crucial for information consumers (citizenry) to have the requisite skills and knowledge to critically evaluate media content and deal with information and communication overload.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5476
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
  • Black France, Black America: Engaging Historical Narratives

    • Authors: John Anthony Berteaux
      Pages: 57 - 71
      Abstract: Abstract During the first quarter of the 20th Century a small group of black intellectuals, artists, and musicians abandoned the United States for Paris. The rumor was that the French did not believe in racist theories – that France offered blacks social and economic opportunities not available in the States. This paper critically examines that narrative as well as North America’s melting pot legend – an expression of the promise of America made popular in 1909 by playwright Israel Zangwill. The stories that we tell about ourselves as a nation are important because our moral sentiments are frequently a product of these narratives. They influence our vision of populations and their circumstances. They serve as starting points for philosophical investigation and critical self-reflection. My intent is not to prove these stories or narratives false but rather, to illustrate how their widespread acceptance has affected people’s abilities to recognize, understand, and responsibly address compelling and complex racial problems. What I recommend is the need for an on-going, comprehensive, and critical examination of socially dominant historical narratives.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5474
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
  • Monday Mo(u)rning

    • Authors: Gary Levy
      Pages: 72 - 78
      Abstract: This piece presents an imaginary scenario taking place in any typical primary school around Australia. It was developed for the special issue of Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal, on fake news and alternative facts, to show how these may arise in everyday practices.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.5130/ccs.v9i2.5464
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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