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Journal Cover   Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building
  [SJR: 0.13]   [H-I: 2]   [7 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1445-2634 - ISSN (Online) 1837-9133
   Published by University of Technology Sydney Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Farewell from the Editor: Some Reflections about the Past, the Present and
           the Future

    • Authors: Göran Runeson
      Abstract: Editirial - Farewell from the Editor: Some Reflections about the Past, the Present and the Future
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Excavation on Residential Construction Sites

    • Authors: Perry Forsythe, Grace Ding
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Despite considerable research concerning the manifestation of greenhouse gases in the usage of buildings, little has been done concerning emissions arising from the construction process itself. This paper specifically examines emissions arising from cut and fill excavation on residential construction sites. Even though such excavation is often seen as being economical in terms of providing a flat base for concrete raft slab construction, the environmental consequences of this approach need to be considered more fully in terms of impact on the environment. This is particularly important when steeply sloping sites are involved and for different soil types. The paper undertakes a study that quantitatively assesses the cumulative greenhouse gas emissions caused by cut and fill excavation on 52 residential projects in Australia for a range of slope and soil types. The paper presents results from the study and concludes that greenhouse gas emissions increase as site slope increases; the building footprint area (as distinct from Gross Floor Area), exposes the need to reduce the area of the building to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; excavation of rock soils creates higher emissions than other soil types; and cut and fill excavation on steeply slope sites increase emissions. Potential alternative construction includes suspended floor construction systems which involve less excavation. 
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Sustainable Innovation for Queensland's Housing Design: a Case Study

    • Authors: Michael Johnston, Mirko Guaralda, Sukanlaya Sawang
      Pages: 11 - 31
      Abstract: This research provides an assessment tool that assists the selection process of sustainability in detached suburban housing. It investigates the implications of using different design and construction methods including architecturally designed houses, developer housing and prefabricated houses. The study simulates one example of the three types of houses that have been chosen to fulfil a real client brief on a real site on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland Australia. Criteria for sustainability assessment are formulated based on literature reviews, exemplar designs and similar research projects for which the houses can be adequately evaluated. This criterion covers aspects including energy use, materials and thermal performance. The data is collected using computer models and sustainability assessment software to compare and draw conclusions on the success of each house.Our study indicates that architecturally designed housing with prefabricated building techniques are a better alternative to generic developer style housing. Our research provides an insight into the implications of three key elements of sustainability including energy use, materials and thermal performance. Designers, builders, developers and home-buyers are given an insight into some options currently available on the housing market and how the choices made during early design stages can provide a more positive environmental impact.  
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Perspectives on Modelling BIM-enabled Estimating Practices

    • Authors: Oluwole Alfred Olatunji, Willy Sher
      Pages: 32 - 53
      Abstract: BIM-enabled estimating processes do not replace or provide a substitute for the traditional approaches used in the architecture, engineering and construction industries. This paper explores the impact of BIM on these traditional processes.  It identifies differences between the approaches used with BIM and other conventional methods, and between the various construction professionals that prepare estimates. We interviewed 17 construction professionals from client organizations, contracting organizations, consulting practices and specialist-project firms. Our analyses highlight several logical relationships between estimating processes and BIM attributes. Estimators need to respond to the challenges BIM poses to traditional estimating practices. BIM-enabled estimating circumvents long-established conventions and traditional approaches, and focuses on data management.  Consideration needs to be given to the model data required for estimating, to the means by which these data may be harnessed when exported, to the means by which the integrity of model data are protected, to the creation and management of tools that work effectively and efficiently in multi-disciplinary settings, and to approaches that narrow the gap between virtual reality and actual reality.  Areas for future research are also identified in the paper.
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Dimensions of Organisational Culture in Quantity Surveying Firms in

    • Authors: Ayokunle Olubunmi Olanipekun, Joseph Ojo Abiola-Falemu, Isaac Olaniyi Aje
      Pages: 54 - 70
      Abstract: The functionalist paradigm of organisational culture (OC) views culture as a variable subject to conscious manipulation and control in order to solve organisational challenges. Therefore, this paper provides information on how OC is a solution to the challenges in Quantity Surveying firms (QSFs).  This was achieved by eliciting the dimensions of OC in forty two QSFs in Lagos, Nigeria, which are the business, people and external environment dimensions. The paper concludes that OC is a relevant solution to the identity and management related challenges in QSFs. Specifically, the paper informs on the implications of business and people dimensions of OC as a solution to the identity challenges, as well as on the implication of the external environment dimension of OC to the management challenges. Based on the findings, practical implications and recommendations were directed at the management and employees QSs in QSFs and Quantity Surveying researchers.
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Framework for Structuring Procurement Contracts

    • Authors: Lena Borg, Hans Lind
      Pages: 71 - 84
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to propose a new framework for structuring contract types and payment methods. Concerning procurement contracts, the first important new feature of this framework is a stepwise structure with three main steps in the contract design: (1) what will be procured—should the contract only include construction, or should it include both construction and operation/maintenance (2) who will do the detailed design of the premise and (3) how many contractors will the client use? The second important new feature of this framework is that both step 2 and step 3 include a continuum of alternatives. Concerning payment methods, the new framework is primarily based on how the specific risks of the project are shared. These frameworks can be useful for policy formulation in that they can help to avoid some problematic ways of formulating policies.
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Doing Events Research: From Theory to Practice

    • Authors: Göran Runeson
      First page: 85
      Abstract: A review of the book, entitled "Doing Events Research: From Theory to Practice"
      PubDate: 2014-12-08
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2014)
  • Entry Location and Entry Timing (ELET) Decision Model for International
           Construction Firms

    • Authors: Che Maznah Mat Isa, Hamidah Mohd Saman, Christopher Nigel Preece
      Pages: 34 - 57
      Abstract: This paper proposes a model for entry location (EL) and entry timing (ET) decisions to guide construction firms in accessing targeted international markets.  Neglecting to properly choose the right combination of the entry location and entry timing (ELET) decisions can lead to poor performance of the firms’ international ventures.  The sampling frame was from the Malaysian construction firms that have undertaken and completed projects abroad.  Survey questionnaires sent to 115 firms registered with Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia, operating in more than 50 countries, achieved a 39.1 per cent response rate. Based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of survey data it was found that the mutually inclusive significant factors that influenced the firms’ ELET decisions were: the firm’s ability to assess market signals and opportunities, international experience, financial capacity, competencies and capabilities (project management, specialist expertise and technology), resources (level of knowledge based on research and development), experience in similar works, financial support from the home country banks, technical complexities of projects and availability of funds for projects.  Hence, the present research builds on and extends the literature on the ELET decisions in a more integrated way. Keywords: Entry location, entry timing, resource-based view, international markets, Malaysian construction firms.
      PubDate: 2014-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2014)
  • An Examination of the Structure of Sustainable Facilities Planning Scale
           for User Satisfaction in Nigerian Universities

    • Authors: Abayomi Ibiyemi, Yasmin Mohd Adnan, Md Nasir Daud, Martins Adenipekun
      Pages: 58 - 73
      Abstract: Universities are under increasing pressure to demonstrate that continuous performance improvement is being delivered for user satisfaction, but the importance of facilities planning as a student-staff focused tool needs to be emphasised. This research sought answers to questions relating to the underlying structure of sustainable facilities planning and user satisfaction, and the number of factors that make up the facilities planning scale. Three universities from the south-western part of Nigeria were selected randomly using ownership structure to define the cases: University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso and Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, each representing the Federal, State, and Private ownership. A questionnaire survey was used on a random sample of 651 staff and students from the three universities. Six hundred questionnaires were retrieved (response rate of 92.2%). An exploratory factor analysis was used to understand the responses and the interrelationships. The results showed a two-factor solution of ‘locational advantages and user needs’ and ‘adequacy of facilities/functional connection and four core determinants for acceptance. It is concluded that universities should factor student-staff focus points into their facilities planning schemes to optimise their service deliveries. The study contributes to the discussion on factor structure of sustainable facilities planning scale with a focus on students and staff of universities. Keywords: Facilities planning, universities, data structure, factors, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-09-13
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2014)
  • A book review of “Best Practice in Construction Disputes –
           Avoidance, Management and Resolution”

    • Authors: Philip Chan
      Pages: 99 - 101
      Abstract: A book review of “Best Practice in Construction Disputes – Avoidance, Management and Resolution”.
      PubDate: 2014-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2014)
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