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Journal Cover   Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building
  [SJR: 0.173]   [H-I: 2]   [6 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1445-2634 - ISSN (Online) 1837-9133
   Published by University of Technology Sydney Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Causes of Fatal Accidents Involving Cranes in the Australian Construction

    • Authors: Ehsan Gharaie, Helen Lingard, Tracy Cooke
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: In ten years from 2004 to 2013, 359 workers died in the Australian construction industry because of work related causes. This paper investigates crane-related fatalities in order to find the upstream causation of such accidents. The National Coroners’ Information System (NCIS) database was searched to identify fatal accidents in the construction industry involving the use of a crane.  The narrative description of the cases provided in the coroners’ findings and associated documents were content analysed to identify the contributing causal factors within the context of each case. The findings show that the most frequent crane-related accident types were those that were struck by load, and electrocution. The most prevalent immediate circumstance causes were layout of the site and restricted space. The two most commonly identified shaping factors were physical site constraints and design of construction process. Inadequate risk management system was identified as the main originating influence on the accidents. This paper demonstrates that a systemic causation model can provide considerable insight into how originating influences, shaping factors, and immediate circumstances combine to produce accidents. This information is extremely useful in informing the development of prevention strategies, particularly in the case of commonly occurring accident types.
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • Analysis of the Influence of a Strategy-led Planning Approach on
           Successful Construction Project Implementation

    • Authors: James Olabode Bamidele Rotimi, Chamila Ramanayaka
      Pages: 13 - 30
      Abstract: This paper presents arguments for the development of a strategy-led approach to planning and implementation of construction projects. It takes the position that there are deficiencies in traditional planning algorithms, which make them inefficient to cope with the unique character of construction projects. Thus a combination of construction project strategies crafted from experiential knowledge (reflective practice methodologies) and traditional planning algorithms are needed for successful construction project planning and implementation. To confirm the argument, the study investigates the influence of strategies on 35 critical success factors which were identified through literature. It uses a combination of data collected through a questionnaire survey of 40 NZIOB Excellence award recipients for the period 2001 to 2011, and interviews with three subject matter experts to validate the influence of the strategy-led approach towards some selected critical success factors. A correlation analysis shows that there is a positive relationship between increasing project complexity and the use of strategies. Further, content analysis of study information collected suggests that complementary approaches herein referred to as the strategy-led approach is needed to achieve successful project outcomes.
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • Contribution Index Based on Green Building Certification Systems

    • Authors: Yuting Sun, Bee Hua Goh
      Pages: 31 - 48
      Abstract: Green Building Certification Systems (GBCS) are carried out in many countries due to the rising awareness of the importance of sustainability in the building industry. The intention should have motivated participants to construct and operate buildings sustainably, however, there is not yet a method developed to investigate the motivation of the participants. Based on the GBCS, this paper proposes the contribution index as a standard global method to analyze the performance of participants in the green building industry. Three contribution indices, namely Frequency Contribution Index (FCI), Intensity Contribution Index (ICI) and Comprehensive Contribution Index (CCI) that concern each different category of participant, have been formulated. Three further analyses based on the index were undertaken to investigate some features of the industry. A case study of Singapore was conducted to show how the contribution index could be used to extract industry patterns and trends and assess the participants’ performance in the green building industry. Interviews with experts provide some suggested applications and support for the findings.
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • The Lived Experience of Online Educators: Insights from Construction

    • Authors: Willy Sher, Anthony Williams, Maria Northcote
      Pages: 49 - 62
      Abstract: Academics in higher education institutions often experience the conflicting demands of teaching, research and administration. With the growth of online education these staff are frequently required to design, develop, teach, facilitate and, in some cases, administer online courses. Cumulatively these additional tasks challenge academics, not only in terms of the personal professional development but also in accommodating the range of tasks expected of them. This paper reports the findings of a study which investigated the lived experience of construction management academics teaching at universities in Australia. The study adopted a lived experience research approach that enabled the lives of construction management academics to be investigated through the collection of a mixture of qualitative and quantitative data. The study provides empirical evidence of a range of challenges facing those delivering online courses. Recommendations for online teachers and online course designers emerged from this study with application to both faculty-based and institution-wide practices. The findings are relevant to those in the higher education sector who are involved in online teaching, course design for online delivery and professional development related to online initiatives.
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • Factors Promoting Innovation and Efficiency in the Construction Industry:
           A Comparative Study of New Zealand and Australia

    • Authors: Will Chancellor, Malcolm Abbott, Chris Carson
      Pages: 63 - 80
      Abstract: There have been numerous concerns about the lack of productivity improvement in the New Zealand construction industry.  The aim of this paper, therefore, is to determine the main drivers of productivity in the industry. The research used is a two-staged data envelopment analysis approach to achieve the aim. In terms of improvements to the productivity of construction in New Zealand, the study found that although there is a potential for gains through the greater use of research and development, apprentice training and degree education, as well as the consolidation of some building companies, there will be some limits to the gains that might be made. One main implication of the findings of the study, therefore, is that a renewed focus on education and skills training should be a priority of companies and policy makers in New Zealand. 
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • The Influence of Trust in Traditional Contracting: Investigating the
           "Lived Experience" of Stakeholders

    • Authors: Scott Strahorn, Thayaparan Gajendran, Graham Brewer
      Pages: 81 - 101
      Abstract: The traditional procurement approach is ever-present within the construction industry. With fundamental design principles founded on definitive risk allocation, this transactional based approach fails to acknowledge or foster the cooperative relationships considered to be vital to the success of any project. Contractual design encourages stakeholders to defend their own individual interest to the likely detriment of project objectives. These failings are not disputed, however, given that trust is a fundamental requirement for human interaction the influence of trust is potentially important in terms of stakeholder relationships and ultimate project success. Trust is therefore examined within this context. A conceptual framework of trust is presented and subsequently used to code and analyse detailed, semi-structured interviews with multiple stakeholders from different projects. Using a phenomenological investigation of trust via the lived experiences of multiple practitioners, issues pertaining to the formation and maintenance of trust within traditionally procured construction projects are examined. Trust was found to be integral to the lived experiences of practitioners, with both good and bad relationships evident within the constructs of traditional procurement mechanisms. In this regard, individual personalities were considered significant, along with appropriate risk identification and management. Communication, particularly of an informal nature, was also highlighted. A greater emphasis on project team selection during the initial stages of a project would therefore be beneficial, as would careful consideration of the allocation of risk. Contract design would also be enhanced through prescriptive protocols for developing and maintaining trust, along with mandated mechanisms for informal communication, particularly when responding to negative events. A greater understanding regarding the consequences of lost trust and the intricacies of trust repair would also be of value.   
      PubDate: 2015-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • Book Review: Leadership and Sustainability in the Built Environment

    • Authors: Abbas Elmualim
      Pages: 102 - 103
      Abstract: Leadership and Sustainability in the Built EnvironmentOpoku, A. and Ahmed, V. (ed.), 2015. Leadership and Sustainability in the Built Environment. Routledge, London. ISBN (hbk): 978-1-13-877842-9, Hardback: $155.00.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2015)
  • The Mediation Influence of Job Satisfaction on Organisational Commitment
           amongst Quantity Surveyors

    • Authors: Wai Yee Betty Chiu, Fung FaI Ng
      Pages: 56 - 74
      Abstract: Some researchers claimed that job satisfaction directly affected organisational commitment but others considered it had a mediation effect on the relationship between some independent variables and organisational commitment. Thus, this paper aimed to examine whether job satisfaction mediated the relationship between work group identification and the two forms of organisational commitment amongst quantity surveyors. A quantitative approach with questionnaire survey was employed for data collection. Questionnaires were sent to the chartered quantity surveyors and 71 valid responses were obtained for analysis. A bootstrapping approach was applied to the survey data to test the mediating effect of job satisfaction between work group identification and organisational commitment. The bootstrapping results supported most hypotheses. The findings suggested that surveying companies should focus their efforts on improving quantity surveyors’ job satisfaction through the organisation of social activities. Special measures should also be taken by the work group leaders to improve the working relationship among quantity surveyors to foster job satisfaction.Paper Type: Research article
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2015)
  • Systematic Representation of Relationship Quality in Conflict and Dispute:
           for Construction Projects

    • Authors: Mostafa Babaeian Jelodar, Tak Wing Yiu, Suzanne Wilkinson
      Pages: 89 - 103
      Abstract: The construction industry needs to move towards more relational procurement procedures to reduce extensive losses of value and avoid conflicts and disputes. Despite this, the actual conceptualization and assessment of relationships during conflict and dispute incidents seem to be neglected. Via a review of literature, relationship quality is suggested as a systematic framework for construction projects. General system theory is applied and a framework consistent of four layers respectively labelled as triggering, antecedent, moderation and outcome is suggested. Two different case studies are undertaken to represent the systematic framework; which verifies that changes in contracting circumstances and built environment culture can affect the identified layers.Through system reliability theories a fault tree is derived to represent a systematic framework of relationship quality. The combinations of components, causes, and events for two case studies are mapped out through fault tree. By analysing the fault tree the combination of events that lead to relationship deterioration may be identified. Consequently the progression of simple events into failure is formulized and probabilities allocated. Accordingly the importance and the contribution of these events to failure become accessible. The ability to have such indications about relationship quality may help increase performance as well as sustainable procurement. Paper Type: Research article
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2015)
  • International Approaches to Real Estate Development

    • Authors: Piyush Kumar Tiwari
      Pages: 118 - 119
      Abstract: Book ReviewInternational Approaches to Real Estate DevelopmentSquires, G. and Heurkens, E., 2015. International Approaches to Real Estate Development. Routledge, UK. ISBN (hbk): 978-0-415-82857-4, ISBN (pbk): 978-0-415-82858-1, Paperback: US$49.95, Hardback: US$165.00.
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 1 (2015)
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