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Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building    [6 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 1445-2634 - ISSN (Online) 1837-9133
     Published by University of Technology Sydney Homepage  [6 journals]   [SJR: 0.13]   [H-I: 2]
  • Urban and environmental economics: an introduction
    • Authors: Göran Runeson
      Abstract: Graham Squires, Routledge, London, 2013, 214 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-61991-2 (pbk), ISBN 978-0-415-61990-5 (hbk), ISBN 978-0-203-82599-0 (ebk), GBP29.99 (pbk) GBP 105.00 (hbk), USD49.95 (pbk), USD170.00 (hbk).
      PubDate: 2013-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • The role of effective communication in the construction Industry: a guide
           for education and health clients
    • Authors: Terry Aulich
      Abstract: The construction industry operates primarily as a system of sub-contracting and purpose built alliances. There is a wide spread of stakeholders involved in conceiving a building project through typical stages such as design, finance, build,  manage, upgrade and, ultimately, replacement and a corresponding need for communication and cooperation. Specialists who can prevent bridges falling down or who build 20 storey buildings are seen as the hard-nosed, action people who have helped bring us into the modern era. However, there are intuitive activities and disciplines which help us to achieve the type of construction achievements that have been the hallmarks of the 19th, 20th and now the 21st centuries. Most of these so called soft disciplines are about how one helps people, often highly skilled, achieve those construction and engineering goals. The key components are consultation and communication. Communication strategies should be based on a thorough understanding of the ways that humans co-operate in joint undertakings, the key principles of social dynamics and learning theory plus the ways in which people deliver, accept and understand words and pictures. The disciplines of organisational and environmental psychology have become a basic fundamental of modern business activities from management and organisational strategy to marketing and customer relations and to the improvement of working, recreational and living environments. However it is rare for a mature industry such as construction to adopt or examine those disciplines for guidance about either strategies or operations. This is despite the fact that the construction industry is almost entirely based on the principle of sub-contracting, business and professional alliances, all of which require understanding of environmental psychology and social dynamics in order to build trust, reputation, teamwork and client satisfaction. There is therefore a major need for communications to be systematic, understood by all stakeholders and intelligently applied. This paper concentrates on the need for the client to become a more confident and better informed stakeholder in the construction project, and seeks to provide high level management guidance for traditional centralized systems. The ultimate goal of the paper is to provide a systematic guideline for stakeholders to address early in the life of a project to ensure that industry professionals, clients and sub-clients are “working from the same page”
      PubDate: 2013-12-16
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • A comparative approach to determining the growth of productivity of the
           New Zealand construction industry
    • Authors: Malcolm Abbott, Chris Carson
      Abstract: In recent years there has been increasing interest in the productivity and efficiency of the construction industry in New Zealand.  In part this interest has manifested itself in the increased use of numerous statistical techniques to determine the productivity and efficiency of the industry.  These efforts have, however, some degree of controversy.  The purpose of this paper is, therefore, threefold.  First it summarises the key structural findings that have been determined from past research into the construction industry in New Zealand.  Secondly it makes some comparisons between the construction industry’s productivity in New Zealand with that of the six states of Australia.  Finally it also considers potential areas for potential future research.
      PubDate: 2013-12-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • Strategies for effective management of health and safety in confined site
    • Authors: John Spillane, Lukumon O. Oyedele
      Abstract: Purpose: The overall aim of this research is to identify and catalogue the numerous managerial strategies for effective management of health and safety on a confined, urban, construction site. Design/Methodology/Approach: This is achieved by utilising individual interviews, focus groups discussion on selected case studies of confined construction sites, coupled with a questionnaire survey. Findings: The top five key strategies include (1) Employ safe system of work plans to mitigate personnel health and safety issues; (2) Inform personnel, before starting on-site, of the potential issues using site inductions; (3) Effective communication among site personnel; (4) Draft and implement an effective design site layout prior to starting on-site; and (5) Use of banksman (traffic co-ordinator) to segregate personnel from vehicular traffic. Practical Implication: The construction sector is one of the leading industries in accident causation and with the continued development and regeneration of our urban centres, confined site construction is quickly becoming the norm - an environment which only fuels accident creation within the construction sector. Originality/Value: This research aids on-site management that requires direction and assistance in the identification and implementation of key strategies for the management of health and safety, particularly in confined construction site environments.
      PubDate: 2013-12-11
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • Factors associated with the severity of construction accidents: The case
           of South Australia
    • Authors: Jantanee Dumrak, Sherif Mostafa, Imriyas Kamardeen, Raufdeen Rameezdeen
      Abstract: While the causes of accidents in the construction industry have been extensively studied, severity remains an understudied area. In order to provide more evidence for the currently limited number of empirical investigations on severity, this study analysed 24,764 construction accidents reported during 2002-11 in South Australia. A conceptual model developed through literature uses personal characteristics such as age, experience, gender and language. It also employs work-related factors such as size of organization, project size and location, mechanism of accident and body location of the injury. These were shown to discriminate why some accidents result in only a minor severity while others are fatal. Factors such as time of accident, day of the week and season were not strongly associated with accident severity. When the factors affecting severity of an accident are well understood, preventive measures could be developed specifically to those factors that are at high risk.
      PubDate: 2013-12-11
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • Payment mechanisms for winter road maintenance services
    • Authors: Adel Abdi, Hans Lind, Björn Birgisson
      Abstract: In countries with severe winters a major part of the annual budget for road maintenance is allocated on performance of winter road maintenance tasks. Finding appropriate remuneration forms to compensate entrepreneurs for performed road measures during winter is not an easy task in order to minimise or eliminate disputes and satisfy both client organisations and contractors. On the other hand improper reimbursement models lead either to the client’s annual budget imbalance due to unnecessary cost overruns or affect contractor’s cash-flow. Such cases in turn affect just-in-time winter road maintenance and then traffic safety. To solve such problems, a number of countries in cold regions like Sweden have developed different remuneration models based more on weather data called Weather Index. Therefore the objective of this paper is to investigate and evaluate the payment models applied in Sweden. The study uses a number of approaches namely; domestic questionnaire survey, analysis of a number of contract documents, a series of meetings with the project managers and an international benchmarking. The study recognised four remuneration models for winter maintenance service of which one based on weather data statistics. The study reveals the payment model based on weather data statistics is only applied for the roads with higher traffic flow and the model generates most uncertainty.
      PubDate: 2013-12-10
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • Rethinking the contractual context for Building Information Modelling
           (BIM) in the Australian built environment industry
    • Authors: Ilsa Kuiper, Dominik Holzer
      Abstract: Building Information Modelling (BIM) can be defined as a process of generating and managing information of a building or infrastructure during its life cycle. Whilst the 3D visualisation or dimensional functions of BIM are not necessarily new, it is the usage and integration of this information related to project delivery, management and performance analysis that are challenging current construction industry practices.  Industry has called for the development of more collaborative and integrated contractual arrangements to facilitate the use of BIM. Such recommendations appeal to the ideal use of BIM, but also provide a potential opportunity to seek improvement within the construction industry. This paper proposes a procurement approach to BIM to establish the applicable contractual context to address the potential legal risks and commercial considerations, relative to current practices in Australia. It als ooutlines why BIM, with other enabling technologies, will drive the evolution of contract delivery methodologies.
      PubDate: 2013-12-09
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
  • Development of generic key performance indicators for PMBOK® using a
           3D project integration model
    • Authors: Craig Langston
      Abstract: Since Martin Barnes’ so-called ‘iron triangle’ circa 1969, much debate has occurred over how best to describe the fundamental constraints that underpin project success. This paper develops a 3D project integration model for PMBOK® comprising core constraints of scope, cost, time and risk as a basis to propose six generic key performance indicators (KPIs) that articulate successful project delivery. These KPIs are defined as value, efficiency, speed, innovation, complexity and impact and can each be measured objectively as ratios of the core constraints. An overall KPI (denoted as s3/ctr) is also derived. The aim in this paper is to set out the case for such a model and to demonstrate how it can be employed to assess the performance of project teams in delivering successful outcomes at various stages in the project life cycle. As part of the model’s development, a new PMBOK® knowledge area concerning environmental management is advanced.
      PubDate: 2013-12-06
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2013)
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