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Journal Cover Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2038-324X - ISSN (Online) 2279-7084
   Published by PAGEPress Homepage  [76 journals]
  • Comparison of cockroach fungal contamination in the clinical and
           non-clinical environments from Iran

    • Authors: B. Davari, A.E. Hassanvand, H. Nasirian, S.A. Ghiasian, A. Salehzadeh, M. Nazari
      Abstract: Cockroaches have been associated with human environments threatening human health. A cross-sectional study about cockroach fungal contamination in the hospital, restaurant and household environments from Khorramabad, Lorestan province of Iran between August 2015 and March 2016 was done. Sampling was uniformly carried out monthly from the randomly selected sites. Fungi were isolated from the external surfaces of cockroaches using standard method. Periplaneta americana (66.7%) was found the most infested cockroach, less percentage were observed in Blattella germanica (18.6%) and Blatta orientalis (14.7%). Hospitals (66.7%) were found the most infested places in comparison with households (18.6%) and restaurants (14.7%). Households (64.3%) were found the most cockroach fungal contaminated places than hospitals (49.0%) and restaurants (59.1%). The highest and the lowest infestation of cockroaches were observed in January (30.0%) and March (7.0%) respectively, while the highest and the lowest cockroach fungal contamination were observed in November (73.3%) and March (14.3%). B. germanica (60.7%) was the most fungal contaminated cockroach. Candida, Geotrichum and Penicillium were the most frequent cockroach fungal contaminating genera. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between cockroach infestation places (P=0.022), locality (P=0.03), and monthly (P=0.0001) cockroach fungal contamination, respectively. As a conclusion, the highest cockroach fungal contamination was observed in B. germanica, followed by P. americana and B. orientalis. Some human fungal opportunistic pathogens were also found among the fungal contaminated cockroaches. Recent epidemiological survey showed that the mortality rates of the infective diseases were increased, indicating cockroaches involved in their transferring.
      PubDate: 2017-09-28
      DOI: 10.4081/jear.2017.6758
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
  • Boreoheptagyia ortladamellica sp. nov. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from
           Italian Alps

    • Authors: B. Rossaro
      Abstract: A new species from Italian Alps, Boreoheptagyia ortladamellica (Diptera, Chironomidae), is here described. The species is presently known only as adult male, it is similar to B. tibetica, because of the female-like antenna in adult male, but it can be separated by the following characters: much larger size, darker colour, medially pointed aedeagal lobe, knob-like and heavy sclerotized inferior volsella, gonostylus enlarged at basis with short spiniform setae at apex.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.4081/jear.2017.6860
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
  • First case of traumatic myiasis caused by Calliphora vicina in a crested
           porcupine Hystrix cristata L. in Italy

    • Authors: D. Scaravelli, C. Senini, T. Bonacci
      Abstract: Calliphora vicina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) it is a facultative ectoparasite responsible for traumatic myiasis in humans and warmblooded vertebrates in the world. In this work one case of traumatic myasis caused by C. vicina (Diptera Calliphoirdae) is reported for the first time in a vulnerable crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758). A total of 30 larvae located in the posterior-dorsal area of the animal were removed from inside the lesion and either preserved in ethanol or reared to the adult stage. This report shows the great ability of C. vicina to use many organic matter for the food source’s offspring, including many live vertebrates.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.4081/jear.2017.6823
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
  • New insights on Lepidoptera of Southern Italy with description of the male
           of Coenotephria antonii Hausmann 2011 (Lepidoptera)

    • Authors: M. Infusino, G. Luzzi, S. Scalercio
      Abstract: Southern Italy is of particular biogeographic interest due to the location at the center of the Mediterranean Basin and its great environmental heterogeneity. Despite the faunistic interest of this territory, many insect taxa are still little investigated. Among insects, Lepidoptera have a relatively well known fauna, significantly increased in recent years, but there are still some gaps of knowledge in several habitats. The aim of this work was to contribute to the knowledge of the Macrolepidoptera of Southern Italy, focusing our study in Calabria, and to offer some thoughts on the role played by the Mediterranean mountain forests for the biodiversity conservation. Samplings were carried out in three mountainous areas of Calabria (Pollino Massif, Sila Massif and Serre Mountains) in May-November 2015 and in April-November 2016, using UV-LED light traps. We found ten species of high faunistic interest. Three species, Nebula senectaria, Perizoma lugdunaria and Acasis appensata, were for the first time recorded from Southern Italy, while seven were for the first time recorded from Calabria: Coenotephria antonii, Thera obeliscata, Triphosa dubitata, Trichopteryx carpinata, Asteroscopus sphinx, Lithophane semibrunnea and Sideridis reticulata. Of great interest was the discovery of the first male certainly attributable to Coenotephria antonii, endemic of Southern Italy, here described for the first time. The results exposed confirm that the fauna of Southern Italy is of great conservation value, hosting endemisms and several relict populations of European and Asiatic species with differentiated genetic lineages highly vulnerable to the climate change expected for the coming decades.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.4081/jear.2017.6783
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 2 (2017)
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