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Journal of Education and Learning
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [6 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
     Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Muslim Women in Past and Present Governmental Leadership: Case of Rulers
           of the Sultanate of Aceh and the Fifth President of the Republic of
           Indonesia

    • Authors: Ita Syamtasiyah Ahyat
      Abstract: A Muslim woman is a woman who believes in Islam.  In its historical path, Indonesia has been led by Muslim women along with the development of Islam in the Archipelago in the 17th century. A case example among others is the Sultanate of Aceh during the colonial period. During the independence period, Indonesia was also led by a Muslim woman as the fifth President of the Republic of Indonesia around the early 21st century. In these case examples of Muslim women as rulers, they received criticism during their reigns from men who viewed the matter from the perspective of Islam. This made an impact on the ongoing governance and the people.  The article discusses how Muslim women leaders faced these criticisms from men who viewed the matter from the point of view of Islam and how it affected their governmental administration. Therefore, the article is expected to be able to reconstruct how Muslim women leaders face criticism from men who viewed the matter from the perspective of Islam. Research in this paper is conducted through historical method actions, preceded by source collection, selection and interpretation along with the reconstruction of the intended events, which is referred to as historiography. The study is also based on local sources, documents, and writings of related critics on the issue.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Strategic Leadership and Its Application in Egyptian Universities

    • Authors: Hany R. Alalfy
      Abstract: Today's universities operate in a climate of great change, along with increased responsibilities and accountability from Internal and external customers. This has resulted in calls for a new kind of leadership working to help the university to improve educational services and face more challenges, called strategic leadership, at the university level. Aim of study defining of Egyptian leadership universities pattern of modern leadership styles, named as Strategic leadership (concept, objectives, roles, requirements, and application obstacles). Relate to the suffering of the Egyptian universities of many problems that limit their efficiency and effectiveness. This led to the need to search for new approaches as strategic leadership for eliminate of these problems. The study used a descriptive approach for its suitability for the nature of the study. The study found multiple reasons for the application of strategic leadership style in Egyptian universities as a result of  the problems the leaderships of the Egyptian universities suffer from  which limits its efficiency and effectiveness. Study recommended starting applying this pattern quickly after all the positive results it achieved in many universities.   
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Elaboration of Integrated Arabic Lesson for Increasing Expertness of
           Arabic Mastery of Islamic University Students

    • Authors: Yayan Nurbayan; M.A
      Abstract: This study was based on scarcity of Arabic text books which is used in Islamic university. The aim of this study was to produce integrated Arabic textbooks including muthalaa, muhadatsah, kitabah and qiraah in one discourse. This study was using Research and Development method (R&D) started by conception of Integrated Arabic Lesson textbook, followed by limited testing and revision, finished by producing the textbooks pass through revisions and discussions with UPI and UIN Arabic experts and lecturers. This study involved 14 students of STIT and 2 Arabic lecturers of UIN and UPI who were lecturing at that place. It was concluded that competence mean of freshman before using the textbooks were 31, whereas after using it, they got average value 55. The difference was 23.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Internet Usage by Pre-Service Teachers as Function Demographic Factors:
           The Case of a Nigerian College of Education

    • Authors: Bede Blaise Chukwunyere Onwuagboke, Termit Kaur Ranjit Singh, Fong Soon Fook
      Abstract: With the overreaching acceptance of ICT in education and access to Internet occasioned by advancement in technology, this paper investigates pre-service teachers’ use of Internet with the aim of ascertaining the modes of accessing the Internet, the major purposes and frequency of surfing the Internet by both male and female pre-service teachers. Data was collected using a researcher designed instrument tagged “Student Internet Use Scale” (SIUS). The population comprised of all NCE pre-service teachers in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri Nigeria. Findings from the study show that  mobile phones remains the most widely used mode of internet access in the college with social networking, searching for information on school assignments, chatting form the major reasons why they surf the net. Social networking is the major purpose for Internet use by female pre-service teachers while school related activities are of priority to males. The difference in purpose of internet use according to gender is however not statistically significant; similarly, there is no statically significant difference between male and female pre-service teachers in the frequency of Internet usage. In like manner, no significant difference was found in frequency of Internet usage by study level and age of pre-service teachers. The result has far reaching implication for provision and use of Internet facilities to enhance teaching and learning in Alvan Ikoku College of Education in particular and colleges of education in Nigeria in general.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Transforming epistemologies in the postcolonial African university?
           The challenge of the politics of knowledge

    • Authors: Amasa Philip Ndofirepi, Michael Cross
      Abstract: The process of knowledge production, dissemination and consumption has captured much scholarly attention from a political viewpoint in recent times. Discourses on development, empowerment, transformation and democracy have revolved around knowledge and power and more precisely on the politics of knowledge. Institutions of higher learning, especially universities, globally, as nerve centres of knowledge production and distribution, have not been spared from the challenges of the politics of knowledge. In this conceptual paper, we theorise the dynamics of the challenges and opportunities of the politics of knowledge in the context of the postcolonial African university’s endeavour to transform epistemologies in higher education in the 21st century Africa. Our case is premised on three claims, namely that 1) the production and mediation of knowledge is a genuinely political process(Weiler, 2011b) 2) universities can be considered among the most political institutions in society (Ordorika, 1999) and 3) recontextualisation and transformation of university epistemologies (Weiler, 2011a) is a prerequisite for an authentic postcolonial African university.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Unpacking Student Feedback as a Basis for Metacognition and Mediated
           Learning Experiences: A Socio-cultural perspective

    • Authors: Edmore Mutekwe
      Abstract: The study examines the effects of the feedback given to students by lecturers as learning support. It was conducted with undergraduates in an educational theory course in a South African university. The thesis was that although some of the feedback messages transmitted to students regarding strengths and weaknesses in learning get easily decoded and turned into action to improve performance, some messages are misconstrued by the students making the process of giving feedback complex. Data was collected through a cross-sectional feedback survey utilizing focus group interviews with 50 Bachelor of Education pre-service students conveniently sampled. The data analysis followed a thematic approach with superordinate themes used to structure the discussion of findings. The study found that student feedback needs to be culturally responsive for it to foster metacognition in them. The conclusion was that unless lecturers provide feedback that is simple, meaningful and clearly focused, students are unlikely to take much heed of it as there is a general tendency to focus more on the marks obtained than on the role of the feedback provided. This makes some students leave university under-prepared or half-baked in terms of providing student feedback on performance.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 4 (2014)
       
 
 
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