for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Journals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover   Journal of Education and Learning
  [7 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
   Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Model of School-Management Capacity Building for Improving the Quality of

    • Authors: Djaman Satori, Aan Komariah
      Abstract: The low quality of education is characterized by low professionalism of teachers and other personnel; lack of availability and utilization of infrastructures; weak excavation, management and accountability of finances; and lack of innovation to take the initiative in curriculum development is the root of the problem that the improvement of the capacity of school management is necessary to respond to the needs of stakeholders and the improvement of science. Three equilateral triangles namely individual capacity, organizational capacity, and leadership capacity are the focus of the study of the school management capacity development. The research involving university students intensively uses the R & D model to build the most feasible model to build effective and efficient school management capacity at the high school in West Java. The results shows that school management capacity development begins from the improvement of the teachers and professional educators’ ability based on individual and group self-development, carried out continuously and in the manner of a valid performance assessment.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Gaining Institutional Efficiency in the General Education Assessment for
           Technology Program Accreditation

    • Authors: ASM Delowar Hossain
      Abstract: This work addresses the need to merge various student learning assessment activities to gain efficiency. Specifically, it discusses a mechanism of institutional assessment efficiency through development of common instruments for general education assessment that can support more than one accreditation requirement.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Affirmative Action Application or Black and White in South Africa Higher
           Education Institutions: Is it the way forward or not?

    • Authors: Christiena Maria van der Bank, Jafta Mphahlani, Kholeka C Moloi
      Abstract: We will, demonstrate what affirmative action entails, its origin and the relationship with discrimination and equality. The paper will also highlight the implementation of affirmative action in the Higher Education sector in South Africa.  Affirmative action or black and white are the additional corrective steps which must be taken in order that those who have been historically disadvantage by unfair discrimination before 1994 are able to derive full benefits from an equitable employment environment. While there has been a significant increase in the number of women appointed into management positions, the proportion in relation to the total number of women in senior posts such as those of Vice Chancellors, Deputy-Vice Chancellors and Executive Deans still remains problematic. Considerations should be taken with regard to issues of access, equity and relevance.  Indeed, affirmative action should be located within a rigorous process that will ensure that those who are for example, promoted to senior positions both in private and public sectors are able to demonstrate strategic thinking and action, quality execution of tasks, efficiency and effectiveness in achieving organisational goals.  This will also be followed by a brief South Africa’s case study of different entities (South African Breweries and Sowetan Newspaper).  A comparison of USA’s affirmative action and whether “there is a light at the end of a tunnel – affirmative action” will be done.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Comparing the Effect of Inquiry-Based Multiple Intelligence Approach and
           Non-Inquiry Based Multiple Intelligence Approach on Achievement in Science

    • Authors: Mohd Ali Samsudin, Vasugi Subramaniam, Simeon Moses Irekpita
      Abstract: The paper focused attention on comparing the effect of inquiry based multiple intelligence approach and non-inquiry based multiple intelligence approach on achievement of pupils in some selected primary schools. Two primary schools were selected purposively with one intact class from each school. Each intact class of thirty (30) pupils was randomly assigned to the two groups used for the study. A total of sixty (60) pupils were used in the study. The two groups were assigned each to the inquiry based multiple intelligence approach group and the non- inquiry based multiple intelligence approach group. The research design was a quasi-experimental design, involving a pretest and post-test in achievement of students. The reliability of the test instrument was established at 0.75 which was considered adequate. A pretest- was administered to the pupils .The pupils were taught science concepts based on the curriculum of the ministry of education for a period of eight (8) weeks using the inquiry- based multiple intelligence approach and non- inquiry multiple intelligence approach for group A and B respectively after which the post-test- was administered. . Findings using the statistical tools of mean, median, standard deviation the one way analysis of covariant (ANCOVA) were used to proffer answers to the generated research questions and hypotheses revealed that there was significant difference between the achievement scores of pupils in science for the use of non- inquiry based multiple intelligence approach and non- inquiry based multiple intelligence approach on. It was also statistically established that the effect of inquiry based multiple intelligence approach was on achievement is science was better. Conclusion and recommendations such as introducing and enhancing the use of inquiry based multiple intelligence approach in primary and secondly schools were made.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Early Start DENVER Model: A Meta - analysis

    • Authors: Jane P. Canoy, Helen B. Boholano
      Abstract: Each child with Autism Spectrum Disorder has different symptoms, skills and types of impairment or disorder with other children. This is why the word “spectrum” is included in this disorder. Eapen, Crncec, and Walter, 2013 claimed that there was an emerging evidence that early interventions gives the greatest capacity of child’s development during their first years of life as “brain plasticity” are high during this period. With this, the only intervention program model for children as young as 18 months that has been validated in a randomized clinical trial is “Early Start Denver Model” (ESDM). This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the outcome of “Early Start Denver Model” (ESDM) towards young children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. This study made use of meta-analysis method. In this study, the researcher utilized studies related to “Early Start Denver Model (ESDM)” which is published in a refereed journal which are all available online. There were five studies included which totals 149 children exposed to ESDM. To examine the “pooled effects” of ESDM in a variety of outcomes, a meta-analytic procedure was performed after the extraction of data of the concrete outcomes. Comprehensive Meta Analysis Version 3.3.070 was used to analyze the data.  The effectiveness of the outcome of “Early Start Denver Model” towards young children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) highly depends on the intensity of intervention and the younger child age. This study would provide the basis in effectively implementing an early intervention to children with autism such as the “Early Start Denver Model” (ESDM) that would show great outcome effects to those children that has “Autism Spectrum Disorder”.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)

    • Authors: Generoso N. Mazo
      Abstract: This study sought to determine the perspectives of the 316 program implementers of the Student Teacher Practicum Program in the Leyte Normal University, Tacloban City. Using the descriptive survey method the inquiry focused on the importance, objectives, relevance, and competencies of the program. The Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to test the level of significance between the perspectives of “in-campus” and “off-campus” respondents. The implementers construed the program as Very Important, Very Effective in attaining its objectives, Very Relevant, and the competencies Very Useful. The null hypotheses were not rejected on the aspects of importance, attaining the objectives and competencies while on the aspect of relevance it was rejected.   
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Preparing STEM Teachers for Integration of NGSS: A Summer Workshop

    • Authors: Gonca Altuger-Genc, Marjaneh Issapour
      Abstract: The increasing emphasis on Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education in United States and across the world created the demand for STEM education to start as early as elementary school. Especially in the past decade, the demand for middle schools and high schools to increase the involvement of the STEM components in their curriculum has been on the rise.  The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)( are testimonial to this demand and need.  With the fast-pace the NGSS are being adopted by different states, the expectations from science, engineering, and technology teachers to develop and design their courses to reflect the new standards and meet the updated goals increased.  To support teachers with the necessary resources and training, a Summer STEM training program and a set of STEM training modules have been developed by a 4-year accredited State College.   This paper provides an overview of the STEM initiatives and a step-by-step approach of the design and development of the STEM modules to train K-12 teachers.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Assessing Drawing Pre-knowledge: A case study of the year two Architecture
           Undergraduate students of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

    • Authors: Chinedu Charles Ohambele, Joy Joshua Maina
      Abstract: Pre-knowledge in an architectural context, is the potential skill that one has acquired before entering an architecture school or before its relevance is put to use, which aids such in enhancing or augmenting the provided architectural education. Since this knowledge is relevant to the architectural education, a means of assessing such capacity would be obvious in the students ability to draw. Drawing being an inevitable aspect of the architectural education, the ability to translate cognitive and physical realities on to appreciable surfaces becomes an essential skill.As a result of this, the research wished to assess the drawing pre-knowledge of a sample of students, using the year two undergraduate architecture students of Ahmadu Bello University as case study. This was done with the help of a survey, which provided information on the students’ ability to convey cognitive and physical realities on demand, their results were graded and the average scores obtained. A relationship was sought in respect to their respective grades in courses related to graphical representations. Findings set forward, showed that the students hadn’t achieved mastery in free-hand drawing as a technique for representation; and those who claimed to have attained mastery in free-hand drawing were unreliable. No relationship was observed between their semester grades in these graphically oriented courses and their inherent ability to draw. Also, it was observed that, although some of the students didn’t find free-hand drawing as the most suitable technique for representation, they would anyway engage in it because they felt it was required of them. So, this showed that the sample set of students were lacking in satisfactory drawing pre-knowledge prior to entering the school of architecture, but regarded it as an an essential and indispensable skill. So architecture schools should enforce spontaneous free-hand drawing exercises in order to hone the idle drawing skills of architecture students.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • Blended Project Based Learning: Metacognitive Awareness of Biology
           Education New Students

    • Authors: Husamah Husamah
      Abstract: This study aims to analyse the difference of metacognitive awareness of treatment (using Blended Project Based Learning) and control class. This is a quasi-experimental research with Non-equivalent Control Group Design. This research was conducted at Department of Biology Education, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, in the first semester of the academic year 2014/2015.  Metacognitive awareness of treatment class and control class was measured by using Metacognitive Awareness Inventory. Metacognitive awareness difference analysed with One-way ANOVA, processed with SPSS 22 for Windows. The results showed that there were difference Mean values in metacognitive awareness (knowledge about cognition and regulation of cognitive) between treatment and control. Mean value of treatment class was higher than control class. It means that Blended Project Based Learning effectively to develop and stimulation metacognitive awareness of new students (Biology teachers candidates). 
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
  • The Need and Use the Rural ICT Services in Iranian Rural Areas

    • Authors: Parnia Mosharaf, Mohammad Sadegh Ebrahimi, Amir Mozafar Amini
      Abstract: Nowadays, Internet access and use of information resources in all human societies are experiencing a rising trend, and different communities are used each with multiple infrastructures due to the benefits of ICT. The present study was based on applied research. In this research, a hybrid approach involving quantitative methods (survey) and qualitative (observation, interviews) was used. Statistical population of this study consists of two parts, the first part responsible for rural ICT offices, with a population of 125 people using Cochran Formula 80 subjects were selected as first sample, and the second part of the rural of first sample villages with a population of 84,836 people using Cochran formula and randomized-comparative method were studied as second sample. The questionnaire was subjected to reliability testing by using data collection in the pilot study with Cronbach’s Alpha value 0.73 to 0.95 for all variables. SPSS statistical software was used to analysis the data. The results of the study indicate that the overall performance of the agencies providing services to the rural was lower-middle in the offices in banking services has received first place, and the final ranking in the provision of health services. The results of study showed that rural employment, level education and family size effect on the rate of rural ICT offices.
      PubDate: 2015-11-01
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2015)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2015