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Journal of Education and Learning
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
     Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [8 journals]
  • The Dynamics of Malay Culture in West Kalimantan in the 20th Century

    • Authors: Ita Syamtasiyah Ahyat
      Abstract: There are various Malay communities in West Kalimantan, which can be divided into two broad categories: (1) Malay migrants from outside Kalimantan (West Kalimantan) or contemporary Malays and (2) local Malays or native Malays who are considered as indigenous Malays. Contemporary Malays are Malay people who came from various areas in Sumatra, Riau Islands, Malay peninsula, East Malaysia (Serawak and Sabah States), and Brunei Darussalam. This paper aims to reconstruct the dynamics of Malay culture in West Kalimantan. This historiographical project is undertaken by applying historical method which consists of several main steps: searching for relevant sources, selecting the sources, interpreting the sources, and reconstructing events as relevant to the main topic. Bibliography consists of local sources, documents, and works of foreign scholars which are relevant to the topic.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • The Development of Writing Learning Model Based on the Arces Motivation
           for Students of Senior High School

    • Authors: Andreas Kosasih
      Abstract: This research obtains some of the findings which in a word can be described as follows: (1) the step of Introduction (exploration): through study library and observation, it can be found that the quality of writing learning and the need of a better writing learning model, and it is formulated the prototype of writing learning model based on the ARCES motivation, serta dirumuskan prototipe model pembelajaran menulis berbasis motivasi ARCES after the draft is validated by the Indonesian language experts and education technology experts. (2) The step of model development: through development of preliminary model and development of  main model and after it is done by  monitoring, evaluation, focus group discussion and revision, then it is produced a better writing learning model based on ARCES motivation. (3) The step of model effectiveness examination: through pre-test, treatment, and post-test which is produced writing learning model  based on ARCES motivation. From the effectiveness test result of model, it can be concluded that writing learning based on ARCES motivation is more effective (in average value of post test is 83,94) than writing learning conventionally (in average value of post-test is 75,79).
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Interrogation in Teacher-Student Interaction In Bahasa Indonesia Learning
           at Elementary School

    • Authors: Akmal Hamsa, Sultan Sultan
      Abstract: Interrogation in Teacher-Student Interaction in Bahasa Indonesia Learning at Elementary School. This study aimed to describe the form, function, and questioning strategies teachers in teacher-student interrogation in Bahasa Indonesia learning in elementary school. Data sourced from four teacher of elementary school, SDN Tamangapa and SD Inpres Tamangapa. Data were obtained by (1) recording, (2) documentation, (3) field notes, (4) interview. The results showed that: (1) the form of questioning the teacher in the teacher-student interaction in Bahasa Indonesia learning in primary schools generally examined the low-level thinking skills, (2) functions of teacher questions are generally intended to check student understanding, and (3) teachers utilize a variety of strategies in addressing student answers correctly and the apparent hesitation. Some disadvantages are indicated teachers in providing interrogation.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Grammar Consciousness-Raising Activities and Iranian EFL Learners'
           Attitudes toward English Language

    • Authors: Farrokhlagha Heidari, Nurullah Mansourzadeh
      Abstract: The first purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of consciousness-raising (C-R) activities on learning grammatical structures by Iranian EFL learners. The second one was to investigate the effect of gender through C-R activities and tasks. Finally, this study wanted to investigate the Iranian students’ attitudes toward learning English prior to and after applying the C-R activities. An attitude questionnaire was use to investigate the participants' attitudes toward learning English before and after applying C-R activities. Data analysis indicated that using C-R activities in is significantly more effective than the traditional approaches. Regarding gender, male outperformed females. Therefore, it is recommended that other teachers consider C-R activities as useful options in teaching other aspects of language.  Based on the statistics and findings, Iranian students’ attitudes toward learning English language were not much different prior to and after applying C-R activities.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • The Relationship between Personal Mastery and Teachers’ Competencies
           at Schools in Indonesia

    • Authors: Settaraming Algi, Mohd Anuar Abdul Rahman
      Abstract: The purpose of the present research is to study the relationships between indicators of personal mastery and indicators of teachers’ competencies at Junior Secondary State Bone district in Indonesia. The respondents of the research consists of all the Junior Secondary State teachers of the Bone district including 200 teachers (80 males 120 females). The obtained data was analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results have indicated that there exists  a significant correlation between personal mastery and teachers’ competencies at the 0.05 significance level. Further, a significant positive correlation was observed between the indicators of personal mastery (personal vision, creative tension, commitment, trust, and consciousness) and indicators of teachers’ competencies (pedagogic, professional, personality, and social).
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Professional Learning Community (PLC) in Secondary Schools Community in

    • Authors: Zuraidah Abdullah, Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani
      Abstract: This paper outlines a research towards an initial assessment of the stage of the PLC in secondary schools in Malaysians secondary school with teachers as the main focus. A brief philosophy of the importance of learning organization and its development in various countries was reviewed and incorporated by the current situations, leading to the objectives and methodology for this study. The result showed the teachers can be active in their learning and improving their schools as to enhance the learning performance of the students in the first four characteristic dimensions refer to the practice of shared values, goals, mission and vision among teachers which play an important role in shaping the PLC in secondary school.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Compare Unidimensional & Multidimensional Rasch Model for Test with
           Multidimensional Construct and Items Local Dependence

    • Authors: Ali Hasmy
      Abstract: Test in education, generally, constructed based on multi contents.  If every contents viewed as a dimension, hence the test also have multi-dimension too, so that the analysis must be done with the multidimensional model. In reality at some selected tests, we can see that dependence exist between items in different contents.  Dependence as referred, make assumption about multidimensional test is not valid anymore so that gives us the opportunity to apply unidimensional models in its analysis, including by using Rasch Model.  This matter motivated me to do write this paper with aim to: get Unidimensional Rasch Model based on logistics function, get the item parameter estimation and testee parameter estimation together using the Joint Maximum Likelihood Method, and prove that Unidimensional Rasch Model is the better choice than Multidimensional Rasch Model in condition like this.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Attitudes and Motivation toward Learning the English Language among
           Students from Islamic Education System Background: Exploring the Views of

    • Authors: Ismail Sheikh Ahmad, Hazlina Abdullah, Muhammad Faizal A Ghani
      Abstract: Research in the field of attitudes and motivation has increasingly investigated the nature and role of motivation in L2 learning process, and many are inspired by Canadian psychologists, Robert Gardner and Wallace Lambert [1]. However, in Malaysia, there has been only a meagre number of research that investigates teachers' perceptions on attitudes and motivation of students from religious school background. It is of great significance to explore the attitudes and motivation of these groups of students because the students appeared to be weak in the English language and they also held negative perceptions toward the language [2, 3]. The present study is needed to attain authentic information about possible connections between teachers' personal experiences, their perspectives and their practices regarding teaching and learning of students from the aforementioned background. This qualitative research study contains in-depth teacher interviews that document their personal perceptions, ways of dealing with students in the specified setting, and their suggestions on improving the attitudes and motivation of learning English for students from religious school background. Findings are presented according to the research questions intended for the study and several conclusions were drawn from the data. 
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • The Effect of Electronic Portfolio Assessment Model to Increase of
           Students’ Generic Science Skills in Practical Inorganic Chemistry

    • Authors: Ramlawati Ramlawati, Liliasari Liliasari, Muhamad Abdulkadir Martoprawiro, Ana Ratna Wulan
      Abstract: Electronic portfolio assessment (EPA) is an assessment procedure based assessment for learning which is a collection of student work collected digitally. The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of implementation of the EPA model to increase students’ generic science skills (GSS) in Practical Inorganic Chemistry. Research was conducted at Chemistry Education Department on preservice teacher programme. The research design was a Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. Research subjects each consisted of 30 students in the experimental and control Group. Data was collected using GSS test given at pretest and posttest. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 17.0. The result show that students who used EPA model in the assessment process have increased GSS (mean of N-gain= 0.41) better than those used conventional portfolio assessment (mean of N-gain = 0.14).
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2014)
  • Limiting Skills Gap Effect on Future College Graduates

    • Authors: James A. Ejiwale
      Abstract: Many graduates upon graduation from college or university find it difficult to get the job they planned to enter after they leave school. Employers are claiming that the new graduates are not equipped with the necessary skills required to work for them. Hence, they are not hirable. Obviously, it is easy to shift blame on academic for failing to prepare students with the necessary skills to be gainfully employed upon graduation. However, this is an issue that needs to be addressed jointly by all stakeholders involved in educating these potential college graduates while in school. This article addresses what skills gap is, some of its causes, and what to be done by students, educators and the industry to limit its effect on the future college graduates.
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3
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