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Journal of Education and Learning
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
     Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Readiness of Makassar Public High School Counsellors in Coping
           Organizational Change

    • Authors: Andi Dasmawati, Yusof Boon
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the readiness of State High School counsellors in the city of Makassar who are confronted with organizational change. The assessment is viewed from the aspect of preparedness of counsellors that includes self-esteem, optimism and perceived control. A mixed method was used in this study that was simultaneously embedded. Survey questionnaires were distributed to 68 counsellors of State High Schools in Makassar for purposes of quantitative analysis, while an interview was conducted to five counsellor-coordinators for purposes of qualitative analysis.  Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to best analyze the quantitative data, while the qualitative data was analyzed manually. The study revealed that the level of readiness of the 68 counsellors’ performance was low in coping with organizational change. This implies that there is a need for the counsellors to improve their performance in the future. Through the qualitative analysis, it was found out that the counsellors have numerous difficulties in their ability to cope with organizational change, while the result of good performance was noted in the quantitative analysis that was conducted.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • Pedagogical competence-based Training Needs Analysis for Natural Science

    • Authors: Irma Febrianis, Pudji Muljono, Djoko Susanto
      Abstract: This study offers an effective approach in determining the needs of training of the teachers using the Training Needs Analysis (TNA). The objectives of the study were to obtain evidence an actual pedagogic competence of the natural sciences teachers, to obtain needs and training priorities, and proposing recommendations on the effectiveness of training method. Surveys, interviews, and FGD were conducted to get primary data. Survey was carried on 165 natural science teachers of SMP Negeri Pekanbaru using self-evaluation questionnaire. Results showed that actual pedagogic competence of the teachers was below the ideal competence. There were five priorities of training program, namely : training of ICT, classroom action research, theory and principles of learning on integrated natural science, curriculum development, and understanding of pupils’ characteristics. It is suggested that In House Training, specific training, and short courses are worth applied as effective training methods to improve pedagocical competence of the teachers.    
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • Challenges for Teachers in Developing their Teaching Professionalism: A
           Case Study of Secondary School in Makassar, Indonesia

    • Authors: Hasan Tanang, Muhammad Djajadi, Baharin Abu, Mahani Mokhtar
      Abstract: Identifying challenges for teachers in developing their professionalism in teaching to improve students’ learning outcomes. The focus was addressed on the development of teaching professionalism in improving knowledge and skills of Junior High School teachers in Makassar Indonesia. This study employed qualitative methods through a case study to identify the barriers of professionalism in teaching. 36 samples for open-ended questionnaire and nine of them are selected purposively to be interviewed. The data was analyzed by coding based on themes related to constraints in teaching management. The results showed four obstacles experienced by teachers in developing their professionalism, namely constraints on textbooks and student worksheets, school laboratory usage, ICT-based media, and the students themselves. The identification could encourage the community and parents support to finance the development of professionalism in teaching and to help the teachers work effectively
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • Teaching Geometrical Figures in Waray: The LNU-ILS Experience

    • Authors: Voltaire Q. Oyzon, Cyrene C. Lubio, Jose Ismael Salamia, Lorena M. Ripalda
      Abstract: Waray children are “unconsciously shifting from their mother language to English and/or Tagalog in their vocabulary use”. English vocabularies are more familiar to Waray educands of today than are the indigenous Waray terms, for instance, for geometrical figures, colors, numbers, etc. Still, “it is an ongoing debate of what type of language should be used in the implementation of MTBMLE.” Should educators use a Waray that borrows heavily from English and other languages or a Waray that uses exclusively its own indigenous terms and concepts' The researchers formulate a single lesson plan using an inductive method incorporating the Montessori Approach. We have two types of pupils at LNU-ILS: Waray pupils whose language at home is Waray, and Waray pupils who are exposed to English at home.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • An Intervention Study in Grade 3 Based Upon Reciprocal Teaching

    • Authors: Monica Reichenberg, Kent Löfgren
      Abstract: This article reports the results of a twelve-week intervention study in which 30 students in the third grade in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood received training in a reciprocal teaching reading programme twice a week. Previously, (a) no study of the effects of reciprocal teaching had been conducted in a Swedish context under the conditions of larger groups in grade 3 or (b) in a socially disadvantaged neighbourhood. In the present study, the students were instructed in ‘text talk’ in large groups, with 15 participants in each group. Each session lasted 15 to 20 minutes. Some text talks were video recorded. The video recordings were analysed qualitatively. The students’ reading comprehension was tested before the intervention, immediately after completing the intervention, and three months after completing the intervention. The results presented suggest that the students’ reading comprehension significantly increased. In the conclusion, the study indicates that reciprocal teaching had a positive effect on students in grade 3 in a Swedish context; however, uncontrolled intervening variables cannot be ruled out.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • English Language Teaching: Teaching of Hedges

    • Authors: Charles Ko
      Abstract: A hedge is a mitigating word or sound used to lessen the impact of an utterance. It can be an adjective, for example, ‘Small potato me is not as strong as you’; or an adverb: ‘I maybe can swim faster than you’, while it can also consist of clauses, that it could be regarded as a form of euphemism which should be taught as a main topic in English class of schools around the world. For instance, in Hong Kong schools, based on my observation while teaching in a number of primary and secondary English courses as a tutor, students report that their school teachers usually emphasize the teaching of all cohesive devices in terms of skills of writing while they neglect to explain the importance of the use of hedges in order to show euphemism. In this study, I would adopt Corpus Linguistics, a division of applied linguistics, as methodology to discover a great deal of hedges employed by so-called native speakers of English, for promoting the idiomatic usage of hedges in writing, nevertheless in speaking, so as to help teachers gain resources and inspiration in teaching to students the appropriate English hedges as a consequence of the author’s hard effort while revealing from the selected corpora of this paper.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • Deciphering Traditional African Education in R.S. Peters’ Education
           as Initiation

    • Authors: Amasa P. Ndofirepi
      Abstract: In this theoretical paper, I examine education in traditional African societies in the context of R.S. Peters’ (1966) conception of “Education as Initiation”. Philosophers of education have developed a concern and insight into the notion of education primarily by addressing the question of conceptual analysis:  what do we mean by education and add a justificatory question: how do we know that education is valuable' Traditional conceptions of education have viewed education as the process of initiation of new entrants into the practices of a given social group. This paper focuses special interest on the extent to which traditional African view of education is defensible within the R.S. Peter’s conception of education. I draw some philosophical insights by interrogating some perspectives on indoctrination and initiation in the understanding of the notion of the aim of education.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2014)
  • The Impacts of Internationalization and Globalization on Educational

    • Authors: Hendra Heriansyah
      Abstract: This paper addresses the impacts of internationalization and globalization on educational context. It is undeniable that the presence and existence of globalization have brought and given a great deal of influences within various fields including on education sector. Of course, it will be a problematic if a school or a higher education institution does not comprehensively notice and precisely pay attention towards each effect and development from internationalization and globalization that obviously appear. Hence, it is needed an international curriculum design that has the meticulous content and process as well as assessment. Moreover, the curriculum also has to take account a variety of aspects and components from distinctive perspectives within its plan, array, and implementation in the field in order to meet the demands of global marketplace and be able to answer each of challenges and changes that arise.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • The Development of Values Education under the Integrated Learning Subject
           in the Philippines: Islamic Concepts and Peace Building

    • Authors: Hirofumi Nagahama
      Abstract: This research on the Philippine values education clarifies how much their understandings on values have been diversified, especially between Christians and Muslims.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Strengthening Teacher Education Program: Keys to Develop through Teacher

    • Authors: Tecnam Yoon
      Abstract: Teacher performance assessment is a part of a global trend based on teacher education program. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the American Teacher Performance Assessment (TPA) program, to identify some of the features in creating a system for pre-service teachers in developing countries, and to suggest an ideal TPA model for strengthening the teacher education program.
      PubDate: 2014-05-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
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