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Journal Cover Journal of Education and Learning
  [10 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
   Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Personality, Social Support, and Quality of Life as Determinants of Coping
           Behavior among Visually Impaired Individuals

    • Authors: Henry O. Imhonde, Olubuogu A. U., Lina Handayani
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This study examined personality, social support, and quality of life as determinant of coping behaviour among the visually impaired individuals. Fifty (50) visually impaired individuals drawn from Benin City participated in the study. Four hypotheses were stated and tested using independent t. test and regression analysis. The results confirmed three out of the four hypotheses stated.  High social support was found to significantly determine high coping behaviour (t = 3.261, df 48, P < 0.05), high quality of life significantly determine high coping behaviour (t = 5.136, df 48, P < 0.05), and that personality, social support, and quality of life jointly predict coping behaviour among visually impaired individuals (R =0.647, R2 = 42%, F(34.626) =; P < 0.001). Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that parents/guardians, teachers/counselors of visually impaired individuals should not relent in supporting them. Also relevant authorities should facilitate programmes that will enhance quality of life of individuals with visual impairment to enable them cope better.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Effects of Child Marriage on Girls’ Education and Empowerment

    • Authors: Shamnaz Arifin Mim
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Although Convention on the Rights of Child declared that any marriage of an under 18 child will be considered as “Child Marriage”, the age limit of girls’ marriage was proposed to change from 18 to 16 in the draft Child Marriage Restraint Act Bangladesh 2014. This paper aims to analyse the effects of child marriage on Bangladeshi village girls’ formal education and empowerment which hopefully will lead to bring awareness among the patriarchal societies. Rangpur region was purposively selected to design this study in a case study approach. The concept of empowerment was used with an interpretive methodological approach which allowed to consciously interpreting the data from secondary relevant sources. The findings of this review article revealed the ways in which child marriages hinder the opportunity of girls to be educated and push them back to not being empowered in the patriarchal society. The study’s implication for policy and practice rooted deeply on the collaboration of NGO programmes, government interventions and family support. 
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Student’s Reflective-Inquiry Competencies on Problem Solving

    • Authors: Mohammad Imam Farisi
      First page: 17
      Abstract: This study describes student’s reflective-inquiry competencies on problem solving at Tuton assignments, majoring Curriculum and Materials of Citizenship Education (PKNI 4313). This study is conducted in two Tuton periods, 2015.1 and 2015.2 by using four stages of Research and Development. As the research subject, this study is involving 39 student participants. The reflective-inquiry contents are presented in real social or public problems, cases or issues, which give any challenge to the student to think by reflective-inquiry. The student’s reflective-inquiry competency is collected by Practical Inquiry Model instrument is used to assess the student’s cognitive, social, and teaching presence in the online learning context or computer conference. Generally, results of the study shown that student’s reflective-inquiry competency in the problem solving at Tuton assignments are “not satisfy” especially in the steps : (1) reflective-inquiry process, such as the ability of reviewing, examining, exploring, or analyzing all the consideration to reach the explication and clarification from the problem; building the relation of valuable linkages and finding the possibility explication; (2) reflective-inquiry post, such as the ability in making resolution or conclusion; and taking a projected decision that they have been clarified, combined, or solved.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Career of Engineering Graduates with Competitive Skills in Recent Trends
           – A Case for Study

    • Authors: Aruna Kumari Nuthanapati, D. N. Rao, M. Sudhir Reddy
      First page: 27
      Abstract: An International assessment of higher education proves that India has one of the biggest advantages of the top engineering colleges is high selectivity. This big reason triggers the choice of graduate to select appropriate course which should always be in consonance with the attention and unseen potentiality of a student.  Nations are struggling to cope up with the demands of quality education and a phenomenal increase in the number of students focusing on engineering education to opt good career. This paper attempts to review the possibilities of increasing competitive skills among graduates to achieve good campus placements and higher studies. It provides the students the realistic learning environment, hands on knowledge and soft skills at a very first look. A study was conducted among students of various engineering branches of an institution with an objective of improving skills in core wing to get exceptional future. The outcomes are meant for student employment with in the campus and their preferences for higher studies. A quantitative and qualitative analysis has been conducted to present results.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Impact of Adopting and Using Technology by Children

    • Authors: Hind Talal Mashrah
      First page: 35
      Abstract: Nowadays, information communication technology is becoming an essential part of our life. We find technology everywhere to facilitate teaching and learning, especially in schools and homes.  It always comes along with interactive and interacting approaches to help children learn math and science and so on.  This paper, however, discusses the downside effects of using technology to children from age 2 to 17 years old. There are some earlier studies with some statistics indicate the percentage of children who use different kinds of technology in their daily life.  Then the paper will be demonstrated the social, cognitive, and physical impacts of using too much technology. Then it will be specified three types of technology as it is common among children: playing video games, surfing websites, and communicating via the internet.  Finally, some regulations and guidance are mentioned to protect children throughout giving them better methods to use technology in proper ways and involving children in social, cognitive, and physical activities alongside. 
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Deaf Students Higher Education System Using E-Learning

    • Authors: N. Vinoth, K. Nirmala
      First page: 41
      Abstract: E-learning includes computer and electronically supported learning and teaching methods. E-learning used in Web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual based learning and digital technology. It is a computer and network-enabled transfer of knowledge. it is the combination of learning and knowledge management.  It is also a useful tool that has contributed in facilitating education for deaf people. Deaf people are able to get benefit from this technology by increasing their knowledge and improving their skills. They can utilize the mobility feature to learn anywhere and at any time. E- Learn is an important one in higher education. Most of the students easily learn and develop skill and knowledge in e-learning method. Now a day’s e-learning tools are mostly used in learning method. In this paper we study about how deaf students used e-learning system in higher education institutions in and around  Chennai.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Teacher Resilience in Remote Islands Area: A Case Study in Small
           Pagerungan Island Sumenep Regency, Indonesia

    • Authors: Nurwidodo Nurwidodo, Abdulkadir Rahardjanto, Husamah Husamah, Mas'odi Mas'odi, Arina Mufrihah
      First page: 47
      Abstract: This study aims to describe resilience teacher at Elementary school III at Small Pagerungan Island. Aspects of resilience in this study are phase of resilience refers to Patterson & Kelleher (2005) and the strategy of resilience refers to Diah & Pradna (2012). This type of research is descriptive qualitative with case study approach. The subjects were 5 teachers (Subject I: government employee (PNS) teachers senior and immigrant from Java, Subject II: government employee (PNS)  teachers senior natives, subject III: temporary teacher who has taught more than 10 years, Subject IV: new civil servant teachers a few years removed, and subject V: new no permanent teachers who teach less than 5 years). Data collected through in-depth interviews with each subject of study. Analysis of data using thematic analysis approach hybrid refers to Fereday & Muir-Cochrane version. The results showed that the phase of resilience to be taken by each teacher is different. Subjects I and II has reached growing phase. Subject IV and V are still at the stage of deteriorating phase, while the subject III only at adapting phase. Subjects I and II have an optimistic view and gave rise to 7 points strategy of resilience, which is a positive attitude to face difficulties, focusing on the core value, versatile in the running for the purpose, willing to take concrete steps to face difficulties, create conditions of self and supportive environment, maintain hope and expectation is high, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Subject IV and V are relatively more optimistic, but because the teaching experience is still limited cause-point strategy of resilience that appears only reached 4, which is flexible in an effort to achieve goals, create conditions of self and supportive environment, maintain hope and expectation is high, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Subject III is more pessimistic and pragmatic look at the future of the profession so that a strategy of resilience that comes only three, namely flexible in an effort to achieve the goal, to create the conditions themselves and a supportive environment, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Point’s resilience strategy that appears, consciously or not by the fifth subject, has been assisting survive to teach at Elementary school III Small Pagerungan Island belonging to the category of remote schools, schools with limited resources, and minimal attention from government.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Organizational Communication in Implementing School Committee Role in
           South Tangerang City

    • Authors: Novianty Elizabeth Ayuna, Pudji Muljono, Djoko Susanto, Basita Gintin Sugihen
      First page: 57
      Abstract: This research aims to explore the role of communication practices of organizations in supporting the implementation of the four roles of School Committee as an advisory body, a controller, a supporter and a intermediator in an education unit. Thus research uses qualitative approach with descriptive analysis, and data collected through a focus group discussion. The result of this research shows the School Committee’s understanding of its four roles is still low; and organization communication whether between committee manager and school management and its members are still not being implemented optimally. The recommendations are spreading awareness and providing assistance to the Ministry of Education and Culture as well as the Office of Education of Tangerang Selatan on the implementation of the Law No. 44/U/2002 about the Roles and Functions of the School Committee; improving the  organization communication pattern both in the internal and external environment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • The effect of overcrowding in the US school System, A simulation approach

    • Authors: Mubarak Banisakher
      First page: 67
      Abstract: This study applies a simulation to analyze overcrowding (congestion) in a school system. This work aims to analyze the overcrowding and to describe a decision support system that needs to be developed to help in assessing the need for classrooms in different schools and to develop a systematic approach to improve such overcrowding. Education leaders face extraordinary challenges as the nation’s schools struggle to rise to the challenge of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Education leaders are now expected to be instructional leaders, show a strong commitment to closing the achievement gap between majority and minority students, and use data to improve teaching and learning. All of this is in addition to the logistics of running a school system such as making sure that busing and meal services operate smoothly. Some researchers stated that education leadership must do much more than it has in the past (Davis, S.; Darling-Hammond, L.; LaPointe, M.; & Meyerson, D. (2005)..
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Ethnic vs Math: The Secret inside Borobudur Temple, Indonesia

    • Authors: Wanda Nugroho Yanuarto
      First page: 75
      Abstract: Mostly in Eastern religions, particularly in Indonesia the ancient Imperial cults of Borobudur temple as Buddhism, ritually celebrate their beliefs as a congregation where prayer and religious addresses are a communal activity. This culture is interesting to study whether building a place of worship is built on the cultural elements or there is a correlation with formula or complicated calculations about how the building is erected . The mathematical study for Borobudur’s architectural design has once related to answer the question about the metric system used by ancient Javanese to build such giant buildings with good measurement. Fractal dimension is calculated by using the cube counting method and found that the dimension is , which is laid between the two-dimensional plane and three dimensional space. The applied fractal geometry and self-similarity of the building is emerged as the building process implement the metric rules, since there is no universal metric standard known in ancient traditional Javanese culture thus the architecture is not based on final master plan. The paper also proposes how the hypothetical algorithmic architecture might be applied computationally in order to see some experimental generations of similar building. The paper ends with some conjectures for further challenge and  insights related to fractal geometry in Javanese traditional cultural heritages.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Students’ Perspectives on Speaking Anxiety in the English Foreign
           Language Classroom

    • Authors: Aulia Nisa Khusnia
      First page: 83
      Abstract: Anxious students are often concerned about the impressions that others form of them. When such students are confronted in a classroom with a learning situation that makes them uncomfortable, they may choose to withdraw from the activity. Some learners believe they cannot perform in English and consequently form negative expectations, which in turn lead to decreased effort and the avoidance of opportunities to enhance their communication skills. The goal of this study was to identify those factors, as perceived by students, that may contribute to anxiety, and those factors that may reduce anxiety in an attempt to understand more fully the role that anxiety may play in learning a foreign language.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Module Based on Pedagogical Content Knowledge to Increase the Engagement
           and Skills of the Future Teachers in Designing a Lesson Plan

    • Authors: Ika Maryani, Sri Tutur Martaningsih, Caraka Putra Bhakti
      First page: 91
      Abstract: Lesson plans is the most important component in preparing a quality learning. Teachers’ low understanding on pedagogical content knowledge affects their skills in designing learning. It needs serious effort to equip future teachers with pedagogical content knowledge to produce professional teachers. The aim of this study is to increase the engagement and skills of future teachers in designing lesson plans using module based on pedagogical content knowledge. College-students engagement indicators are adopted from Students Engagement Instrument (SEI)-Appleton, Christenson, Kim, and Reschly, consisting of affective and cognitive engagement. The skill in question are the ability to writing the subject’s identity, writing competencies, formulating indicators, compiling teaching materials, designing media, choosing learning method, compiling learning scenarios, as well as designing assessment. This research is a classroom action research that is designed in two cycles of learning with the number of respondents is 73 college-students. Each learning cycle is consisting of planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The data collection techniques was self-report, observation, portfolios, interviews, field notes, and study documentation. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the quantitative data, whereas qualitative data were analysed by qualitative analysis of Miles & Hubberman model. The results showed that the PCK-based module is able to increase college-students engagement and ability in designing a lesson plan.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Practice of Lesson Study Model in Teaching Writing Report Text

    • Authors: Sulastri Djumingin
      First page: 103
      Abstract: This study aimed at testing the effective use of the lesson study model to write report text from the observation performed by students at Junior High School level. This research was an experimental study with the posttest only control group design. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The data were collected through test and observation. The results showed that the lesson study model is sufficient to be applied to write report text of observation for the Junior High School students. It is proven by the data that the value of tcalc= 16.087 > value of t table = 1.67 on α 0.05 and degree of freedom= 58.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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