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Journal Cover Journal of Education and Learning
  [10 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2089-9823 - ISSN (Online) 2302-9277
   Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Homepage  [13 journals]
  • The effect of overcrowding in the US school System, A simulation approach

    • Authors: Mubarak Banisakher
      Abstract: This study applies a simulation to analyze overcrowding (congestion) in a school system. This work aims to analyze the overcrowding and to describe a decision support system that needs to be developed to help in assessing the need for classrooms in different schools and to develop a systematic approach to improve such overcrowding. Education leaders face extraordinary challenges as the nation’s schools struggle to rise to the challenge of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Education leaders are now expected to be instructional leaders, show a strong commitment to closing the achievement gap between majority and minority students, and use data to improve teaching and learning. All of this is in addition to the logistics of running a school system such as making sure that busing and meal services operate smoothly. Some researchers stated that education leadership must do much more than it has in the past (Davis, S.; Darling-Hammond, L.; LaPointe, M.; & Meyerson, D. (2005)..
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • The Student’s Reflective-Inquiry Competencies on Problem Solving

    • Authors: Mohammad Imam Farisi
      Abstract: This study describes student’s reflective-inquiry competencies on problem solving at Tuton assignments, majoring Curriculum and Materials of Citizenship Education (PKNI 4313). This study is conducted in two Tuton periods, 2015.1 and 2015.2 by using four stages of Research and Development. As the research subject, this study is involving 39 student participants. The reflective-inquiry contents are presented in real social or public problems, cases or issues, which give any challenge to the student to think by reflective-inquiry. The student’s reflective-inquiry competency is collected by Practical Inquiry Model instrument is used to assess the student’s cognitive, social, and teaching presence in the online learning context or computer conference. Generally, results of the study shown that student’s reflective-inquiry competency in the problem solving at Tuton assignments are “not satisfy” especially in the steps : (1) reflective-inquiry process, such as the ability of reviewing, examining, exploring, or analyzing all the consideration to reach the explication and clarification from the problem; building the relation of valuable linkages and finding the possibility explication; (2) reflective-inquiry post, such as the ability in making resolution or conclusion; and taking a projected decision that they have been clarified, combined, or solved.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Ethnic vs Math: The Secret inside Borobudur Temple, Indonesia

    • Authors: Wanda Nugroho Yanuarto
      Abstract: Mostly in Eastern religions, particularly in Indonesia the ancient Imperial cults of Borobudur temple as Buddhism, ritually celebrate their beliefs as a congregation where prayer and religious addresses are a communal activity. This culture is interesting to study whether building a place of worship is built on the cultural elements or there is a correlation with formula or complicated calculations about how the building is erected . The mathematical study for Borobudur’s architectural design has once related to answer the question about the metric system used by ancient Javanese to build such giant buildings with good measurement. Fractal dimension is calculated by using the cube counting method and found that the dimension is , which is laid between the two-dimensional plane and three dimensional space. The applied fractal geometry and self-similarity of the building is emerged as the building process implement the metric rules, since there is no universal metric standard known in ancient traditional Javanese culture thus the architecture is not based on final master plan. The paper also proposes how the hypothetical algorithmic architecture might be applied computationally in order to see some experimental generations of similar building. The paper ends with some conjectures for further challenge and  insights related to fractal geometry in Javanese traditional cultural heritages.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Students’ Perspectives on Speaking Anxiety in the English Foreign
           Language Classroom

    • Authors: Aulia Nisa Khusnia
      Abstract: Anxious students are often concerned about the impressions that others form of them. When such students are confronted in a classroom with a learning situation that makes them uncomfortable, they may choose to withdraw from the activity. Some learners believe they cannot perform in English and consequently form negative expectations, which in turn lead to decreased effort and the avoidance of opportunities to enhance their communication skills. The goal of this study was to identify those factors, as perceived by students, that may contribute to anxiety, and those factors that may reduce anxiety in an attempt to understand more fully the role that anxiety may play in learning a foreign language.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • EFL Students’ Attitudes and Perception towards English Language Learning
           and Their English Language Proficiency: A Study from Assa’adah Islamic
           Boarding School, Indonesia

    • Authors: Falita G. Jaliyya, Faizah Idrus
      Abstract: The English language has been given the status of Foreign Language (FL) in Indonesia, unlike the language being a second language in its neighbouring countries. However, the language has becoming quite popular and dominant in certain parts of Indonesian schools, especially private schools and colleges. Thus, this investigation sought to examine the attitudes and perceptions of selected Indonesian English language learners. It also aspired to find out how these attitudes and perceptions towards the English language affect their proficiency. A qualitative research design employing the in-depth semi-structured interview was carried out with 12 students at the As’saadah Islamic Boarding School in Banten, West Java.  Thematic analyses were also performed to analyse the data. The findings point to the direction of students’ motivation in learning English as a foreign language. Students were found to have positive attitudes  and were motivated  to learn the language although learning the language might not stem from their own willingness to learn.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Teacher Resilience in Remote Islands Area: A Case Study in Small
           Pagerungan Island Sumenep Regency, Indonesia

    • Authors: Nurwidodo Nurwidodo, Abdulkadir Rahardjanto, Husamah Husamah, Mas'odi Mas'odi, Arina Mufrihah
      Abstract: This study aims to describe resilience teacher at Elementary school III at Small Pagerungan Island. Aspects of resilience in this study are phase of resilience refers to Patterson & Kelleher (2005) and the strategy of resilience refers to Diah & Pradna (2012). This type of research is descriptive qualitative with case study approach. The subjects were 5 teachers (Subject I: government employee (PNS) teachers senior and immigrant from Java, Subject II: government employee (PNS)  teachers senior natives, subject III: temporary teacher who has taught more than 10 years, Subject IV: new civil servant teachers a few years removed, and subject V: new no permanent teachers who teach less than 5 years). Data collected through in-depth interviews with each subject of study. Analysis of data using thematic analysis approach hybrid refers to Fereday & Muir-Cochrane version. The results showed that the phase of resilience to be taken by each teacher is different. Subjects I and II has reached growing phase. Subject IV and V are still at the stage of deteriorating phase, while the subject III only at adapting phase. Subjects I and II have an optimistic view and gave rise to 7 points strategy of resilience, which is a positive attitude to face difficulties, focusing on the core value, versatile in the running for the purpose, willing to take concrete steps to face difficulties, create conditions of self and supportive environment, maintain hope and expectation is high, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Subject IV and V are relatively more optimistic, but because the teaching experience is still limited cause-point strategy of resilience that appears only reached 4, which is flexible in an effort to achieve goals, create conditions of self and supportive environment, maintain hope and expectation is high, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Subject III is more pessimistic and pragmatic look at the future of the profession so that a strategy of resilience that comes only three, namely flexible in an effort to achieve the goal, to create the conditions themselves and a supportive environment, and develop an attitude of participation and responsibility. Point’s resilience strategy that appears, consciously or not by the fifth subject, has been assisting survive to teach at Elementary school III Small Pagerungan Island belonging to the category of remote schools, schools with limited resources, and minimal attention from government.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Voting Behavior of Selected Electorates of San Sebastian, Samar

    • Authors: Jeffre Abadiano Abarracoso
      Abstract: Using a descriptive-correlation research design, this study aimed to determine the effective electorates of deserving political candidates of San Sebastian, Samar. This study used a questionnaire as the primary tool for data gathering. Descriptive as well as inferential statistics tools were utilized in order to compute, analyze and interpret the data of this study. The objectives were to identify the profile of the electorate-respondents in terms of age; sex; marital status; annual income; highest educational attainment; and type of residency; to determine the voting behavior of the electorate-respondents in terms of civic attitude; group consciousness; partisanship; and political ideology. After the analysis and interpretation of the data, this study revealed that there is high positive civic attitude for the voting behavior of selected electorates; there is a moderate group consciousness for the voting behavior of selected electorates of San Sebastian, Samar; there is moderate partisanship for the voting behavior of selected electorates and there is high political ideology for the voting behavior of selected electorates of San Sebastian, Samar. Based on the findings of the study it was, it was recommended that voter’s education should not only teach how to vote but also impress ideals on electorates especially on why and whom to vote for.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Effects of Child Marriage on Girls’ Education and Empowerment

    • Authors: Shamnaz Arifin Mim
      Abstract: Although Convention on the Rights of Child declared that any marriage of an under 18 child will be considered as “Child Marriage”, the age limit of girls’ marriage was proposed to change from 18 to 16 in the draft Child Marriage Restraint Act Bangladesh 2014. This paper aims to analyse the effects of child marriage on Bangladeshi village girls’ formal education and empowerment which hopefully will lead to bring awareness among the patriarchal societies. Rangpur region was purposively selected to design this study in a case study approach. The concept of empowerment was used with an interpretive methodological approach which allowed to consciously interpreting the data from secondary relevant sources. The findings of this review article revealed the ways in which child marriages hinder the opportunity of girls to be educated and push them back to not being empowered in the patriarchal society. The study’s implication for policy and practice rooted deeply on the collaboration of NGO programmes, government interventions and family support. 
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
  • Organizational Communication in Implementing School Committee Role in
           South Tangerang City

    • Authors: Novianty Elizabeth Ayuna, Pudji Muljono, Djoko Susanto, Basita Gintin Sugihen
      Abstract: This research aims to explore the role of communication practices of organizations in supporting the implementation of the four roles of School Committee as an advisory body, a controller, a supporter and a intermediator in an education unit. Thus research uses qualitative approach with descriptive analysis, and data collected through a focus group discussion. The result of this research shows the School Committee’s understanding of its four roles is still low; and organization communication whether between committee manager and school management and its members are still not being implemented optimally. The recommendations are spreading awareness and providing assistance to the Ministry of Education and Culture as well as the Office of Education of Tangerang Selatan on the implementation of the Law No. 44/U/2002 about the Roles and Functions of the School Committee; improving the  organization communication pattern both in the internal and external environment.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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