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Journal Cover Teknokultura. Revista de Cultura Digital y Movimientos Sociales
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1549-2230
   Published by Cultura Digital y Movimientos Sociales. Cibersomosaguas Homepage  [1 journal]
  • An Introduction to Generative Justice

    • Authors: Ron Eglash
      Abstract: Marx proposed that capitalism’s destructive force is caused, at root, by the alienation of labor value from its generators. Environmentalists have added the concept of unalienated ecological value, and rights activists added the unalienated expressive value of free speech, sexuality, spirituality, etc. Marx’s vision for restoring an unalienated world by top-down economic governance was never fulfilled. But in the last 30 years, new forms of social justice have emerged that operate as “bottom-up”. Peer-to-peer production such as open source software or wikipedia has challenged the corporate grip on IP in a “gift exchange” of labor value; community based agroecology establishes a kind of gift exchange with our nonhuman allies in nature. DIY citizenship from feminist makerspaces to queer biohacking has profound implications for a new materialism of the “knowledge commons”; and restorative approaches to civil rights can challenge the prison-industrial complex. In contrast to top-down “distributive justice,” all of the above are cases of bottom-up or “generative justice” 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Anti-Authoritarian Metrics: Recursivity as a strategy for post-capitalism

    • Authors: David Adam Banks
      Abstract: This essay proposes that those seeking to build counter-power institutions and communities learn to think in terms of what I call “recursivity.” Recursivity is an anti-authoritarian metric that helps bring about a sensitivity to feedback loops at multiple levels of organization. I begin by describing how technological systems and the socio-economic order co-constitute one-another around efficiency metrics. I then go on to define recursivity as social conditions that contain within them all of the parts and practices for their maturation and expansion, and show how organizations that demonstrate recursivity, like the historical English commons, have been marginalized or destroyed all together. Finally, I show how the ownership of property is inherently antithetical to the closed loops of recursivity. All of this is bookended by a study of urban planning’s recursive beginnings.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Consensus Decision-making as a Research Method for Generative Justice:
           empirical practices from a money-less economy in Chiapas, Mexico

    • Authors: Erin Araujo
      Abstract: This article examines how consensus decision-making can be used as a method in creating spaces for generative justice. Based on empirical research in a moneyless economy in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico, the project called El Cambalache has created its own exchange value where everything in the economy shares equal value. The article is a praxiography of consensus decision-making as research method.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Fiber Arts and Generative Justice

    • Authors: Sarah Kuhn
      Abstract: The fiber arts, because they are practiced in different forms around the globe, have the potential to teach us much about generative justice that unites labor, ecological, and expressive values. The ecological mutualism documented in Navajo corrals supports traditional weaving, dyeing, food, and medicinal practices in a sustainable and generative cycle that survives despite disruption and exploitation. The network of fiber craftspeople, retailers, ranchers, teachers, spinners, and dyers and their organizations supports the social mutualism of fiber communities. Fiber arts practices can benefit individuals, communities, the environment, and public health, among other things. Conscious fiber activism and critical making can also be used to explicitly draw attention to problems such as overconsumption, waste, industrial “fast fashion,” labor exploitation, environmental degradation, toxic risks, intolerance, and the devaluing of women and their work. Fiber arts have the potential to support environmental and social mutualism and catalyze a new aesthetic of long-term attachment to meaningful objects and communities, reinforcing the creation and conservation of expressive, ecological, and labor value. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Community based bioremediation: grassroots responses to urban soil
           contamination



    • Authors: Scott Kellogg
      Abstract: The past 150 years of industrial processes have left a legacy of toxicity in the soils of today’s urban environments. Exposure to soil based pollutants disproportionately affects low-income communities who are frequently located within formerly industrialized zones. Both gardeners, who come into direct contact with soil, as well as those who eat the products grown in the soil, are at risk to exposure from industrial contaminants. Options for low-income communities for remediating contaminated soils are limited, with most remediation work being carried out by costly engineering firms. Even more problematic is the overall lack of awareness and available information regarding safety and best practices with soils. In response to these challenges, a grassroots movement has emerged that seeks to empower urban residents with the tools and information necessary to address residual industrial toxicity in their ecosystems. Focusing on methods that are simple and affordable, this movement wishes to remove the barriers of cost and technical expertise that may be otherwise prohibitive. This paper will give an overview of this exemplar of generative justice, looking at case studies of organizations that have been successful in implementing these strategies.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Generating Community, Generating Justice' The production and
           circulation of value in community energy initiatives

    • Authors: Taylor Chase Dotson, James E Wilcox
      Abstract:  

      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • “Freedom from Jobs” or learning to love to labor' Diversity
           advocacy and working imaginaries in Open Technology Projects

    • Authors: Christina Dunbar-Hester
      Abstract: This paper examines imaginaries of work and labor in “open technology” projects (especially open source software and hackerspaces), based on ethnographic research in North America. It zeroes in on “diversity initiatives” within open technology projects. These initiatives are important because they expose many of the assumptions and tensions that surround participatory cultures. On the one hand, these projects and spaces are organized around voluntarism; in theory, everyone who wishes to participate is welcome to do so. On the other hand, diversity initiatives form in order to address the “problem” of imbalance in the ranks of participants. Technology is a unique domain for the discharge of political energies. In collective imagination, it has been vested with the power to initiate change (even as this belief obscures the role of social and economic relations). Multiple ideas circulate about the relationships between diversity in open technology projects and paid labor. This paper argues that in part due to the legacy of technical hobbies as training grounds for technical employment for much of the twentieth century, as documented by historians of radio (Douglas, 1987; Haring, 2006), voluntaristic technology projects are vexed sites for imagining political emancipation. To a large degree, diversity initiatives in open technology projects are consistent with corporate values of diversity as a marketplace value.  At the same time, collectivity formations around technology that incorporate feminist, antiracist, or social justice framings may begin to generate connections between diversity advocacy in tech fields and social justice movements or policy changes in order to effect deep social change. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Ethnocomputational creativity in STEAM education: A cultural framework for
           generative justice

    • Authors: Audrey Grace Bennett
      Abstract: In the United States, the disciplines of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (also widely known as STEM) attract very few African American, Latino, and Native (indigenous Alaskan, North American, and Pacific Islander) students. These underrepresented students might be more attracted to STEM disciplines if they knew STEM education’s extraordinary potential to circulate value back to their ethnic communities. For instance, underrepresented medical students, after graduation, are statistically more likely than white students to conduct research on health issues relevant to their ethnic communities. One of the most popular STEM reform movements that of STEAM (STEM + Arts) has done very little to help circulate the unalienated value of these ethnic communities. This paper describes “ethnocomputational creativity” as a generative framework for STEAM that circulates unalienated value in the arts back to underrepresented ethnic communities. We first will look at the dangers of extracting cultural capital without compensation, and how ethnocomputational creativity can, in contrast, help these communities to circulate value in its unalienated form, nurturing both traditional artistic practices as well as creating new paths for "heritage algorithms" and other forms of decolonized STEM education.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Quantitative Metrics for Generative Justice: Graphing the Value of
           Diversity

    • Authors: Brian Robert Callahan, Charles Hathaway, Mukkai Krishnamoorthy
      Abstract: Scholarship utilizing the Generative Justice framework has focused primarily on qualitative data collection and analysis for its insights. This paper introduces a quantitative data measurement, contributory diversity, which can be used to enhance the analysis of ethical dimensions of value production under the Generative Justice lens. It is well known that the identity of contributors—gender, ethnicity, and other categories—is a key issue for social justice in general. Using the example of Open Source Software communities, we note that that typical diversity measures, focusing exclusively on workforce demographics, can fail to fully illuminate issues in value generation. Using Shannon’s entropy measure, we offer an alternative metric which combines the traditional assessment of demographics with a measure of value generation. This mapping allows for previously unacknowledged contributions to be recognized, and can avoid some of the ways in which exclusionary practices are obscured. We offer contributory diversity not as the single optimal metric, but rather as a call for others to begin investigating the possibilities for quantitative measurements of the communities and value flows that are studied using the Generative Justice framework. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Generative Contexts: Generating value between community and educational
           settings

    • Authors: Dan Lyles, Michael Lachney, Ellen Foster, Zoe Zatz
      Abstract: As educators and researchers, the authors of this paper participated, at different points in time, in a National Science Foundation funded research program to place culturally responsive education into generative justice frameworks. We discovered that the mechanisms to create generative contexts—contexts where value can possibly be returned to the community where the people generating that value live and work—in-school, after-school, and not-school were not uniform and required individual attention and care. One can think of generative contexts as the educational preconditions for generative justice. We aim to show how generative contexts are crucial to understanding a larger theory of generative justice. To do this we provide three examples of generative contexts. First is a generative context in-school, where a technology teacher brought a community hairstylist into her classroom to help teach computer programming through cornrow braiding; a skill relevant to her African American students. Next is a generative context after-school where a student demonstrates soldering skills that she learned from family members. The third is a not-school “E-Waste to Makerspace” workshop where students created garden-technology designs for low-income communities. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Uso comunitario de pequeños vehículos aéreos no tripulados (drones) en
           conflictos ambientales: ¿un factor innovador desequilibrante'

    • Authors: Jaime Paneque-Gálvez, Nicolás Vargas-Ramírez, Marcela Morales-Magaña
      Abstract: En Latinoamérica, los territorios indígenas y campesinos enfrentan graves problemas que generan numerosos conflictos ambientales. En estos territorios, con frecuencia las comunidades padecen situaciones graves de pobreza y exclusión social, carecen de los medios necesarios para hacer frente al deterioro ambiental causado por empresas y otros actores, y no cuentan con el estado para solucionar sus problemas. Por ello, diseñar e implementar participativamente programas de mapeo y monitoreo territorial en estas comunidades, puede resultar muy útil para generar evidencias de los impactos causados y, así, enfrentar un conflicto ambiental con mayores garantías de éxito. En estos casos, pensamos que la utilización comunitaria de vehículos aéreos no tripulados (drones), puede resultar en una innovación social con potencial para desequilibrar la balanza de fuerzas a favor de una comunidad. No obstante, creemos que este desequilibrio también puede darse en sentido inverso, es decir, en contra de la comunidad, dependiendo de diversos factores internos y externos. Con el objetivo de dilucidar el potencial de la herramienta en una situación de conflicto ambiental, en este estudio describimos dos experiencias en México en las que capacitamos a una comunidad indígena en situación de conflicto ambiental en el uso de un dron. Extraemos de ellas varios aspectos para la reflexión e identificamos algunos retos y oportunidades que consideramos de particular relevancia con respecto al objetivo planteado.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Análisis de las secciones que ocupan las noticias sobre lectura en los
           periódicos: ABC, El Mundo y El País (2012)

    • Authors: Belén García-Delgado
      Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el enfoque que se da a la lectura durante el año 2012 en España. Para ello se observarán las secciones que ocupan las noticias sobre este concepto en tres de los periódicos españoles más relevantes: ABC, El Mundo y El País. De esta forma si los textos se encuentran en la sección de cultura, la lectura se habrá concebido como un proceso más tradicional, relacionado con las humanidades. Mientras que si se incluyen en la sección de Tecnología se observará como algo más actual con tintes comunicativos y sociales. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Reseña: El gran hartazgo cultural

    • Authors: Albert García Arnau
      Abstract: Reseña del libro: Brossat, Alain (2016). El gran hartazgo cultural. Madrid: Ediciones Dado. ISBN: 9788494507205, 186 pgs.

      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Reseña: Fraudebook: lo que la red social hace con nuestras vidas

    • Authors: Lola S. Almendros
      Abstract: Reseña del libro: Serrano Marín, V. (2016). Fraudebook: lo que la red social hace con nuestras vidas. Madrid: Plaza y Valdés. ISBN: 978-84-16032-85-3, 118 pgs.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • La ética como herramienta para pensar el museo

    • Authors: Ignacio Fernández del Amo
      Abstract: El museo moderno nació en la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII con una ideología particular, con formas predilectas de enfrentarse al mundo y provisto de unas habilidades y unas actitudes determinadas. Como ocurre con los seres humanos, esta suerte de código genético ha condicionado en gran medida su desarrollo posterior. Es por eso que muchos de nuestros museos se siguen presentando a sí mismos como herederos incuestionables del conocimiento enciclopédico al que aspiraron los filósofos del Siglo de las Luces. Desde su fundación han cimentado su autoridad en el dominio del conocimiento y han elaborado sus relatos a partir de un modo científico de interpretar la realidad. Este artículo persigue dos objetivos: en primer lugar, analizar la naturaleza del museo como una tecnología de la Modernidad y un instrumento de legitimación de los Estados liberales; y en segundo lugar, mostrar cómo la reflexión ética puede ayudar a estas instituciones a adoptar un nuevo papel en la sociedad del conocimiento, cuestionando las bases ideológicas del paradigma occidental. Para ello se realizará un análisis situado e interdisciplinar donde se combinarán las voces de filósofos, sociólogos, antropólogos y museólogos, de los que se extraerá una propuesta de aplicación al entorno cultural iberoamericano.
      PubDate: 2016-11-14
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Juventud, cultura y NTICs: ¿triángulo o prisma'

    • Authors: Costán Sequeiros Bruna, Héctor Puente Bienvenido, Mélida López Jiménez, Marta Fernández Ruiz
      Abstract: El mundo cambia a una velocidad acelerada por la globalización y los avances tecnológicos, de los cuales las nuevas tecnologías de la información y el conocimiento (NTICs) son una pieza central. La juventud, ávida de nuevas experiencias y productos, suele encontrarse en la vanguardia del uso e innovación con estas nuevas tecnologías, adaptándolas a sus necesidades e intereses y contribuyendo a crear y difundir formas originales de interacción. Cuestiones como la alfabetización tecnológica, los discursos tecnófilos y tecnófobos, los conceptos de nativos analógicos y digitales son elementos cada vez más importantes del debate social actual y merecen un estudio en profundidad. Siendo un ámbito de estudio novedoso y en cambio acelerado, la investigación en este espacio se encuentra con numerosas complicaciones y trabas metodológicas pero también a nivel de los objetos de estudio, entre los cuales fenómenos crecientes como los videojuegos son a menudo dejados de lado por ser considerados poco académicos.

      PubDate: 2016-11-14
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • El potencial transformador de la democracia monitorizada a debate:
           contextualización teórica y diálogo con John Keane

    • Authors: Ramón A. Feenstra
      Abstract: El concepto de democracia monitorizada fue propuesto por el teórico Keane en 2009 con la finalidad de explicar ciertas tendencias que se consolidan en las democracias contemporáneas. Entre estas destacan los procesos de filtración de datos y de escrutinio de centros y de relaciones de poder (político y económico) que consiguen alterar las dinámicas tradicionales de una democracia meramente representativa. Este texto tiene como objetivo contextualizar el conjunto de la obra de Keane en relación con este nuevo concepto y, especialmente, profundizar en su propuesta de democracia monitorizada para ver el potencial transformador y analítico que le acompaña. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-08
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2016)
       
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Javier de Rivera, Ron Eglash, Chris H. Gray
      Issue No: Vol. 13
       
 
 
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