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Journal Cover RELP - Renewable Energy Law and Policy
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1869-4942
     Published by Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft Homepage  [12 journals]
  • Controlling the Fulfillment of the EU Sustainability Criteria for
           Transport Biofuels (on the ...
    • Abstract: The present article researches the mechanisms suggested for controlling the fulfillment of
      the EU sustainability criteria for transport biofuels that have been presented in the central
      legal framework in this area, which is Directive 2009/28/EC. The analysis is extended to the
      related EU policy documents of a non-binding explanatory and recommendatory character.
      Judging from the content of Directive 2009/28/EC, two main levels of the EU control can be
      distinguished. The
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:29:57 +010
       
  • Defining the Greatest Legal and Policy Obstacle to “Energy
           Storage”
    • Abstract: With the increasing penetration of renewable energy generation into the transmission and
      distribution networks, the problem of managing growing volumes of variable generation
      needs to be addressed. Energy storage has the potential to help address this problemby storing
      commercially useful amounts of energy to be discharged as electricity when required.
      However, energy storage does not have a universally accepted legal definition because it is
      provided by somany different
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:28:28 +010
       
  • New Debate About the Harmonization of the EU’s Support Instruments
           for Renewables and Binding ...
    • Abstract: 254 New Debate About the Harmonization of the EU’s Support Instruments for Renewables RELP 4 2013
      New Debate About the Harmonization of the
      EU’s Support Instruments for Renewables and
      Binding targets’ Relevance?
      Ulf Roßegger*
      How to support renewables is a subject of constant discussion at European level. The first
      initiatives to promote renewables at the European level goes back to the 1990s. In 2001, the
      European Union (EU) adopted a framework – Dire
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:26:46 +010
       
  • Legal Limits for Electricity Capacity Markets in the EU and Germany
    • Abstract: The article examines the major legal questions which arise from the introduction of electricity
      capacity markets in the EU and especially Germany. As central capacity markets generally
      might qualify as state aid under EU law, the conditions for services of general economic
      interest could become crucial when it comes to the design of such markets. The relevant
      criteria have been laid down by the European Commission in a 2003 decision on the Irish capacity
      market and recen
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:25:21 +010
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: When deploying certain generation technologies in particular settings, renewables appear
      already to have achieved grid parity. Confirmation of this comes from Texas, of
      all places. Austin Energy, the municipal electric utility for the City of Austin, signed a
      25-year power purchase agreement for 150MWof solar power at less than $0.05/kWh.
      Of PPAs in the US for renewable energy, this is the lowest cost per kilowatt hour ever
      achieved. Analysts have assessed the SunEdison
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:23:23 +010
       
  • The Greek “Special Solidarity Levy” on RES Electricity
           Producers and its Questioned ...
    • Abstract: RELP 3 2013 Country Report 239
      Country Report
      Greece
      The Greek “Special Solidarity Levy” on RES Electricity Producers and
      its Questioned Compatibility with EU Renewable Energy
      Law and Policy
      Eirini-Alexia Xeniti and Ioanna Mersinia*
      I. Introduction
      The adoption of Law 4093/2012,1 in November 2012,
      has introduced a new taxation framework for energy
      production from Renewable Energy Sources
      (RES) in Greece. More precisely, a tax levy has be
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:57:28 +010
       
  • Comparing Verification of Renewable Fuel and Carbon Credits
    • Abstract: RELP 3 2013 Comparing Verification of Renewable Fuel and Carbon Credits 229
      Comparing Verification of Renewable Fuel and
      Carbon Credits
      Beeta Lashkari*
      Where prevalent fraud exists, markets are bound to crash. The same is true for credit fraud
      in environmental markets. In order for both the renewable fuel market, as set forth by the
      United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Renewable Fuel Standard program, and
      the carbon market, as established by the Ky
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:55:16 +010
       
  • Offshore Renewable Energy Development in the British Islands: Legal and
           Political Risk
    • Abstract: In Part 1 of this two-part article, it was argued that: offshore renewable energy development
      is a central pillar of United Kingdom plans for a largely decarbonised economy by mid-century;
      in order to reach ambitious climate change targets and budgets, and a related renewables
      target, step changes are needed in levels of investment in offshore generating stations,
      electricity transmission networks and related supply chains; and so key aims must be driving
      down costs and
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:53:50 +010
       
  • Reforming Gas Sector Governance to Promote Biomethane Injection
    • Abstract: RELP 3 2013 Reforming Gas Sector Governance to Promote Biomethane Injection 175
      Reforming Gas Sector Governance to Promote
      Biomethane Injection
      Dr. Olivia Woolley*
      Several Member States of the European Union have taken measures to promote the injection
      of biomethane into natural gas grids, but its production is being restricted by the cost
      of network access and by pipeline capacity constraints. The article proposes new arrangements
      for governing gas networks th
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:51:58 +010
       
  • Ethanol at the Crossroads: Fuelling the Potential of International Trade
           in Ethanol
    • Abstract: From the high point of cooperation between the US and Brazil in 2007, Brazil is now emerging
      as the ethanol leader at odds and in direct competition with the US domestic ethanol
      industry. It is this battle for ethanol supremacy which assists in an understanding of the
      political climate, international regulation and resulting domestic legislation since the partnership
      between the US and Brazil in 2007. Currently, no government or international organisation
      has created a c
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:49:50 +010
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: The American Friends of Bucerius, Linklaters, and Ecologic Institute hosted a panel
      discussion at the German House in New York City on 21 October 2013, which I moderated.
      The panel attempted to answer the question: “Can shale gas and renewables
      coexist?” The wide ranging discussion confirmed that hydraulic fracturing will not play
      the same role in the energy system in Europe as it has in the US, at least not nearly as
      quickly.Moreover, more domestically produced natu
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:47:29 +010
       
  • Renewable Energy Development in Two Selected African Countries: An
           Overview and Assessment
    • Abstract: Country Report
      I. Introduction
      Africa has 147 GW in total installed electricity
      capacity, though it lacks a proper continental capacity
      in terms of energy generation.1 To put this figure
      into perspective, Africa’s total capacity is what
      China alone can install in one or two years. The per
      capita electricity consumption in Africa, excluding
      South Africa, is 153 kWh/year. About 600 million
      Africans have no access to electricity, and the continent
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:37:27 +010
       
  • Social Acceptance and the Development of the North Sea Offshore Grid
    • Abstract: RELP 2 2013 Social Acceptance and the Development of the North Sea Offshore Grid 143
      I. Introduction
      Coastal and marine areas contribute to the quality
      of life, social well-being, and economic prosperity
      of Europe. Through the development of marine
      renewable energy, coastal and marine areas can
      contribute to climate mitigation and a sustainable,
      secure, and competitive energy future for Europe.
      Coastal and marine ecosystems provide essential
      goods and
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:32:40 +010
       
  • Offshore Renewable Energy Development in the British Islands: Legal and
           Political Risk
    • Abstract: I. Introduction
      The practical offshore renewable energy (ORE)
      resource available to the United Kingdom of Great
      Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) in its territorial
      waters1 and 200 nautical mile (NM) Renewable
      Energy Zone (REZ),2 totals over 2,000 TWh/yr.3
      The great majority is wind, exploitation of which is
      fully commercial, albeit not yet fully competitive in
      the UK. The balance is “marine energy” (mainly
      tidal stream and wave), exploitation of
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:26:27 +010
       
  • “What’s in a Smell?”
    • Abstract: Risks and Consequences of Inadequate Odorisation of Biomethane
      I. Introduction
      Until the late 1950s, the gas industry in Western
      Europe was mainly based upon manufactured gas
      derived from coal. With the discovery of the giant
      gas field in Groningen, the Netherlands, the natural
      gas boom started. The natural gas markets developed
      and vertically integrated companies (that produced,
      transported and supplied gas) emerged and
      characterised these markets. I
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:20:37 +010
       
  • Employment Impact Assessment Studies – Is There a Best Approach to
           Assess Employment Impacts ...
    • Abstract: Employment Impact Assessment Studies
      I. Introduction
      Renewable energies (RE) are gaining more and
      more significance in heat and electricity generation.
      For example, about 50 % of all worldwide
      newly installed power capacity in 2012 was from
      non-hydro RE. The RE power capacities worldwide
      have faced another outstanding growth period and
      have reached around 480 GW installed capacities
      in 2012 (2011: 395 GW, 2010: 315 GW) without
      hydropower (with hy
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:18:40 +010
       
  • Editorial
    • Abstract: Editorial
      President Obama’s climate change speech from 25 June 2013 and the announcement
      in mid-July that the European Commission will investigate Germany’s exemption from grid
      charges for large electricity consumers provide different perspectives on future developments
      in the renewable energy field. While the EU investigation could slow or alter
      Germany’s continued move toward renewable energy, the policy initiatives stemming
      from President Obama’s speech c
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Aug 2013 09:16:27 +010
       
  • Country Report - Germany - The Energiewende and its Ramifications for the
           German Support Regime ...
    • Abstract: Country Report
      Germany
      The Energiewende and its Ramifications
      for the German Support Regime for
      Renewable Energies
      I. Policy Background
      Since the first RELP country report on Germany,1
      the German legal framework for the promotion of
      renewable energies has undergone substantial
      changes as a consequence of the fundamental political
      shift of strategy taking place between 2010 and
      the summer of 2011, a process which is far from
      being comple
      PubDate: Thu, 30 May 2013 15:14:23 +010
       
  • A New Legal Framework for EU Energy Infrastructure Development and Finance
           - Part II: Financial ...
    • Abstract: New Legal Framework for EU Energy Infrastructure Development and Finance – Part II
      I. Introduction
      While recognising that trans-European network
      infrastructure development in the EU has been
      lagging behind what is needed, the European Commission
      in 2011 proudly presented its new infrastructure
      package. The package consists of five
      pillars: three sectoral guidelines establishing
      infrastructure policies in the fields of transport,1
      energy,2 and ICT3 r
      PubDate: Thu, 30 May 2013 15:12:07 +010
       
  • A New Legal Framework for EU Energy Infrastructure Development and Finance
           - Part I: Regulatory ...
    • Abstract: I. Introduction
      While recognising that trans-European network
      infrastructure development in the EU has been lagging
      behind what is needed, the European Commission
      proudly presented its new infrastructure package
      in 2011. The package consists of five pillars:
      three sectoral guidelines, establishing infrastructure
      policies in the fields of transport,1 energy,2 and
      ICT3 respectively; the Connecting Europe Facility,4
      setting the framework for European Uni
      PubDate: Thu, 30 May 2013 15:08:06 +010
       
 
 
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