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Journal Cover Land Economics
  [SJR: 1.669]   [H-I: 55]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0023-7639 - ISSN (Online) 1543-8325
   Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Does Extreme Weather Drive Interregional Brain Drain in the U.S.?:
           Evidence from a Sorting Model
    • Abstract: Climate change and its impacts are of increasing public concern. According to the National Climate Assessment report, increases in average U.S. temperatures have ranged from 1.3 °F to 1.9 °F between 1895 and 2012. Warming is projected to continue, with average temperature predicted to increase by 10 °F from the beginning to the end of the current century (Walsh and Wuebbles 2014). While average temperature is one measure of climate change, the frequency and intensity of climate-related extreme events have increased in recent decades. Climate change is predicted to result in more extreme heat days as well as higher probabilities of extreme weather events such as tornados, floods, and droughts. In particular, heat ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Spillovers in Regional Fisheries Management: Do Catch Shares Cause
    • Abstract: U.S. commercial fisheries conducted in federal waters are managed by regional fishery management councils that represent collections of states. An individual fishery’s assignment to a particular management council generally reflects the species range, its proximity to the political boundaries of participating states, and home ports of participating fishermen. However, species ranges can span management borders and ultimately link together fishermen whose home ports are in different regions. The result is that individual fishermen can participate in multiple fisheries managed by different councils. This institutional arrangement raises the question of whether a policy change for a fishery in one region will affect ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Bioeconomic Analysis of Habitat-Fishery Connections: Fishing on Cold Water
           Coral Reefs
    • Abstract: In 1994 the U.S. Committee on Fisheries proclaimed “habitat alteration by the fishing activities themselves is perhaps the least understood of the important environmental effects of fishing” (National Research Council 1994, 30). An amendment of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act in 19961 soon followed, mandating regional fishery management councils to identify, assess and conserve essential fish habitat defined as “those waters and substrate necessary to fish for spawning, breeding, feeding or growth to maturity.” On the other side of the Atlantic, a reform of the European Union Common Fisheries Policy in 2003 similarly reflected a fundamental shift in the approach to fisheries management ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Causes and Consequences of Perceived Land Tenure Insecurity: Survey
           Evidence from Burkina Faso
    • Abstract: Secure property rights to land are widely held to be a precondition for sustained economic growth and development (Coase 1960; North 1981). In the absence of secure property rights, incentives to accumulate and invest are muted. A vast microeconometric literature on this topic investigates the economic implications of the form that property rights take, most often whether formal title increases agricultural investment and productivity. In an important way, however, the security of property rights as it is relevant to economic decision-making is a function of the perceptions of the rights holder. The constraint on the expected returns to productivity-enhancing investment in agriculture is the belief on the part of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Location, Location, Habitat: How the Value of Ecosystem Services Varies
           across Location and by Habitat
    • Abstract: A central advantage of choice experiments over more traditional stated preference valuation methods such as contingent valuation is that they can be used to estimate the value of particular ecosystem services (Adamowicz et al. 1998). Furthermore, several studies have investigated whether choice experiments can be used to improve benefit transfer, with the intuition being that the modeling of changes at the ecosystem service level allows transferred values to be adjusted accordingly, based on the ecosystem services of the site to which values are being transferred (see Morrison and Bergland [2006] for a review of this literature).In the present study, we use a choice experiment to estimate the value of incremental ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Incentivizing and Tendering Conservation Contracts: The Trade-off between
           Participation and Effort Provision
    • Abstract: In the last three decades, governments around the globe have developed market-based policy instruments to procure environmental services from private landholders. Conservation contracting represents the most commonly used policy instrument in this respect. The increased importance of environmental contracting has, to date, hardly been reflected in innovative policy design. It remains the norm in most conservation programs to offer a uniform payment for compliance with a uniform set of management prescriptions. This paper aims to explore two proposals that have been made to enhance the effectiveness of conservation contracting (Ferraro 2011; Burton and Schwarz 2013; Khalumba et al. 2014): linking contract payments ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Farmer Transaction Costs of Participating in Federal Conservation
           Programs: Magnitudes and Determinants
    • Abstract: Continuing water quality problems associated with non-point-source pollution from agricultural production imply that increased adoption of best management practices (BMPs) is needed. Governments have typically relied on voluntary BMP adoption by farmers to address the issue and have created programs that provide both technical and financial support. The USDA offers this support through programs such as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), the Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP), and the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP).The fundamental nature of non-point-source pollution—including the difficulty of measuring emissions, time lags, the large number of actors involved, and heterogeneity of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Land Use Regulations and Regional Economic Development
    • Abstract: Partridge and Rickman (2012) argue that a critical shortcoming of the current land use and regional economic development literatures is the lack of a systematic understanding of their interconnectedness. Local land use policies analyze the efficacy of greenbelts and impacts of urban sprawl, while regional economic development initiatives attempt to expand employment and increase tax revenue. This paper uses a data-intensive computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of a medium-sized city with integrated commercial and residential land data to analyze the impact of changes to the level of local land use regulations on economic development measures (employment, household income, housing prices, and tax revenue) ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • Is Sprawling Residential Behavior Influenced by Climate?
    • Abstract: The primary environmental concerns associated with urban sprawl are excessive consumption of land resources and increased greenhouse gas emissions due to the commutes associated with diffuse and uncoordinated patterns of urban expansion (IPCC 2014). Both of these concerns link urban sprawl to contributions to climate change. Here, we explore a different link: the relationship between climate and the spatial organization of cities, specifically the effect of climate on urban sprawl. If this effect is demonstrated, a second conclusion emerges, namely, that global warming and urban sprawl, which have emerged as two major environmental concerns, are linked in a vicious circle: the latter contributes to the former, and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Effect of Downzoning for Managing Residential Development and Density
    • Abstract: Managing urban sprawl is critical to maintaining the integrity of agricultural and resource areas, particularly due to low-density exurban development. Zoning regulations, typically implemented as minimum lot sizes, are one of the primary land use policies used to reduce farmland and forest conversion. Spatially explicit parcel-level models of residential land use change have been used to analyze the effect of zoning regulations on the probability of development (e.g., Irwin, Bell, and Geoghegan 2003; Irwin and Bockstael 2004; Wrenn and Irwin 2015), residential density (e.g., McConnell, Walls, and Kopits 2006; Newburn and Berck 2006; Lichtenberg and Hardie 2007), or both probability of development and density ... Read More
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T00:00:00-05:00
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