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Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
  [SJR: 4.095]   [H-I: 58]   [28 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
   Published by University of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • The Journal of Human Resources Referees Volume L
    • Abstract: The Editors of the Journal of Human Resources wish to thank the following persons who served as manuscript reviewers between June 1, 2014 and May 31, 2015Joelle AbramowitzAchyuta AdhvaryaAnna AizerKehinde AjayiMevlude Akbulut-YukselAntwi Yaa AkosaRichard AkreshSule AlanCatalina Amuedo-DorantesMartin AndersenD. Mark AndersonPatricia AndersonSilke AngerHeather AntecolKate AntonovicsS AnukritiShamena AnwarCally ArdingtonDavid AtkinEsteban AucejoDavid AuerbachAbdurrahman AydemirMehtabul AzamAline BütikoferMarigee BacolodAnton BadevSarah BairdMichael BakerJon BakijaSilvia BarcellosBurt BarnowFelipe Barrera-OsorioLisa BarrowLori BeamanKelly BedardHugo Benitez-SilvaPeter Bergman,Samuel BerlinskiEric BettingerSonia ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Child Control in Education Decisions An Evaluation of Targeted Incentives
           to Learn in India
    • Abstract: <p>By James Berry</p> An increasingly popular intervention to encourage schooling behavior in developing countries offers cash rewards or other incentives to households when their children enroll in, attend, or achieve in school (UNESCO 2010). In contrast to a relatively large literature on the overall effectiveness of incentive programs in education, rigorous evidence directly comparing the effectiveness of different types of incentives is relatively rare.1In particular, little is known about how the recipient within the household and form of incentives influences the effectiveness of these programs. Conditional cash transfer programs that provide incentives for enrollment and attendance typically target mothers rather than fathers ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Rewards and punishments in education
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Social Insurance Networks
    • Abstract: <p>By Simen Markussen, Knut Røed</p> The purpose of this paper is to examine peer effects in social insurance (SI) claims. The paper is motivated by two observations. First, there has been a conspicuous—yet basically unexplained—rise in social security dependency in many countries, particularly related to health problems; see, for example, Duggan and Imberman (2006); Bratsberg, Fevang, and Røed (2013); and Burkhauser and Daly (2011). And second, there tend to be correspondingly large and unexplained geographical disparities in dependency rates as well as in attitudes toward social insurance both within and across countries; see McCoy, Davis, and Hudson (1994); OECD (2010); and Eugster et al. (2011). Although far from offering a complete explanation ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Social security
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Star Treatment Estimating the Impact of Star Ratings on Medicare
           Advantage Enrollments
    • Abstract: <p>By Michael Darden, Ian M. McCarthy</p> Since the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003, the role of Medicare Advantage (MA) plans in the provision of health insurance to Medicare beneficiaries has grown substantially. From 2003 to 2012, the share of Medicare-eligible individuals in a MA health plan increased from 13.7 percent to 27 percent.1 Alongside the increasing role of MA plans, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has undergone a significant effort to better inform the Medicare population of MA quality. In 2007, CMS introduced a five-star rating system that provided a rating of one to five stars to each MA contract—a private organization that administers potentially many differentiated plans—in each of five quality domains.2 In 2009 ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Managed care plans (Medical care)
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Relative Quality of Foreign-Educated Nurses in the United States
    • Abstract: <p>By Patricia Cortés, Jessica Pan</p> The number of foreign-educated nurses working in the United States has increased rapidly over the last few decades. In the mid-1980s, 6 percent of nurses taking the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) were foreign-educated and this proportion increased to close to 20 percent in the mid-2000s. The United States has also recently become the world’s largest importer of nurses, surpassing the United Kingdom, which has historically depended on foreign nurses to a larger extent (Aiken 2007). The composition of foreign nurses has changed markedly over time, and the Philippines has emerged as the single largest source of foreign nurses to the United States, accounting for over half of all nurses imported in the ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Nurses
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • All Internal in the Family? Measuring Spillovers from Public Health
    • Abstract: <p>By Thomas G. Koch</p> Measurements of the impact of public health insurance have focused on the outcomes of the newly eligible child. Starting with Cutler and Gruber (1996) and Currie and Gruber (1996a), the consequences of Medicaid on insurance and utilization were child-centric—measuring the crowdout of children’s private insurance or whether the number of children’s lives saved by public health insurance satisfied cost-benefit analysis. Pregnant women were also considered, but, with few exceptions, economists have measured the impact of own eligibility on own outcomes.This view informed some of the expansions of public health insurance in the late 1990s and early 2000s, which saw some states expand public health insurance for ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Child health services
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Ironing Out Deficiencies Evidence from the United States on the Economic
           Effects of Iron Deficiency
    • Abstract: <p>By Gregory T. Niemesh</p> Micronutrient deficiencies plague the developing world. The World Health Organization estimates that over a quarter of the world’s population suffers from iron deficiency, which leads to impaired cognitive development in children and reduced work capacity in adults (de Benoist et al. 2008). Renewed interest in combating micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries stems from the potentially large impact of health interventions on productivity and quality of life.1 For instance, the Copenhagen Consensus of 2008 recommends iron and iodine fortification as a highly cost-effective development intervention (Lomborg 2009). Although fortification programs diffused rapidly after the first implementation in the early ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Malnutrition in children
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Municipal Housekeeping The Impact of Women’s Suffrage on Public
    • Abstract: <p>By Celeste K. Carruthers, Marianne H. Wanamaker</p> “The men have been carelessly indifferent to much of this civic housekeeping, as they have always been indifferent to details of the household … The very multifariousness and complexity of a city government demand the help of minds accustomed to detail and variety of work, to a sense of obligation for the health and welfare of young children and to a responsibility for the cleanliness and comfort of others.”At the dawn of the 20th century, the United States held a position of distinction in the provision of public education. Among its Western Hemisphere peers, the United States exhibited the highest “common school” (Grades 1–8) enrollment rates and was showing early leadership in the race toward mass secondary ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Education
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Do Extended Unemployment Benefits Lengthen Unemployment Spells?
           Evidence from Recent Cycles in the U.S. Labor Market
    • Abstract: <p>By Henry S. Farber, Robert G. Valletta</p> Compared with other advanced industrial countries, the United States is among the least generous with respect to the duration and level of unemployment insurance (UI) benefits (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2007). Under normal economic circumstances, UI benefits in the United States are available for up to six months following job loss compared with availability of a year or longer in many European countries. In response to the severe labor market downturn associated with “The Great Recession” of 2007–2009, however, UI benefit availability was successively extended in the United States, reaching a maximum duration of 99 weeks as of late 2009 and continuing into 2012. This unprecedented ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Unemployment insurance
      PubDate: 2015-10-30T00:00:00-05:00
  • Leaving Boys Behind Gender Disparities in High Academic Achievement
    • Abstract: <p>By Nicole M. Fortin, Philip Oreopoulos, Shelley Phipps</p> Women now far outnumber men among recent college graduates in most industrialized countries (Vincent-Lancrin 2008). As Goldin, Katz, and Kuziemko (2006) observe, the puzzle is: “Why have women overtaken men in terms of college completion instead of simply catching up to them?” The growing female dominance in educational attainment raises new questions about gender disparities arising throughout school ages.1 This paper addresses two questions: (1) Are boys and girls equally well prepared and focused on going to college? and (2) What accounts for the growing gender disparity in favor of girls obtaining high grades in secondary school?Our first goal is to document changes in gender disparities in the academic ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Academic achievement
      PubDate: 2015-08-09T00:00:00-05:00
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