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Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
  [SJR: 2.761]   [H-I: 71]   [37 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
   Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Identifying Sibling Influence on Teenage Substance Use
    • Abstract: Teenage smoking, substance abuse, involvement in crime, and engagement in risky sexual activity fluctuate but remain at high levels.1 Understanding the factors that lead adolescents to engage in these behaviors is a high research priority.This paper examines whether substance use of one child directly influences the behavior of a younger sibling. Several studies have found significant correlations between risky behavioral patterns among siblings.2 Table 2 uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) to show that the probability an adolescent has smoked, used alcohol, smoked marijuana, or used hard drugs in the past year is dramatically higher if an older sibling engaged in the ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over
           the Lifecycle
    • Abstract: Most advanced economies are concerned about the ease with which young workers can make the transition from school to work. The unemployment rate for youth invariably exceeds that for the economy as a whole, contributing to a variety of social problems. In addition, many young workers struggle to find their place in the labor force, changing not only employers but also occupations multiple times before they settle down to stable jobs. One appealing way to deal with these transition problems is to link students more closely to jobs through vocational education programs and through apprenticeships with firms. (See Ryan 2001; Zimmermann et al. 2013.) Moreover, the potential for improving youth labor markets in this ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Does Price Framing Affect the Consumer Price Sensitivity of Health Plan
           Choice?
    • Abstract: Price competition is a central component of managed competition. Under managed competition, consumers are provided with standardized benefit packages and transparent information about quality of care, along with various health plans from which to choose. In theory, insurers then face incentives to engage in price and quality competition. A necessary condition for this model to work in practice is cost-consciousness among consumers and a sufficiently large health plan premium elasticity. The question of how to design insurance markets that foster price transparency and competition between insurers is critical to dampen health expenditure growth while improving quality of care.Similar to the United States ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Unhealthy Retirement?
    • Abstract: Declining fertility, continuing growth in life expectancy, and declining labor force participation among older workers have raised serious concerns about the financial stability of social security programs in most developed economies. In order to meet these challenges, many governments have implemented policies aimed at increasing the average retirement age of the work force. However, there are dissenting opinions not only about the magnitude of the effects of these policies but also about their sign. (See Börsch-Supan 2013 for a discussion.)On one hand, there is a view that retirement enables individuals to enjoy their leisure time and eliminates work-related stress, with positive spillovers on their mental health ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Was That SMART?: Institutional Financial Incentives and Field of Study
    • Abstract: Choosing a college major is perhaps the most important decision students make in their college years, potentially influencing the jobs they are offered, their future earnings, and their contribution to society. Due to the perception that choice of major can have long-term impacts, both individually and collectively, policymakers have proposed several policies to influence this choice. Many policymakers and researchers have paid particular attention to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields due to their high income potential and societal externalities. In this paper, we explore how students choose their major by investigating whether students respond to direct financial incentives when ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Pre-Market Skills, Occupational Choice, and Career Progression
    • Abstract: The question of why workers do the jobs they do is fundamental to understanding how labor markets function. In this paper, I ask two questions. First, to what extent can pre-labor market skills account for variation in occupation choice? Second, how persistent are initial differences in occupation over the course of a career? I address these two questions with a particular focus on gender gaps in occupational outcomes.This paper develops a new framework for analyzing occupational choice and career progression, focusing on the role of pre-labor market skills in determining career outcomes. I develop a simple model that illuminates the relationships between a worker’s skill set and his choice of occupation. Using a ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Lifting the Burden: Formal Care of the Elderly and Labor Supply of Adult
           Children
    • Abstract: Rapidly aging populations pose public policy challenges to societies around the world. The fiscal and personal burdens that care of the elderly place on a working-age population that is shrinking in relative size are of particular concern to policymakers. Expanding state care is expensive but may, if it substitutes for informal care provided by adult children, increase hours worked and labor force participation by middle-aged children and perhaps also permit them to move in pursuit of labor market opportunities. This substitution, although it has potential implications for the quality of care, may partially offset the fiscal impact of public care responsibilities by increasing the tax base. It is important to ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Migrant Opportunity and the Educational Attainment of Youth in Rural China
    • Abstract: The ability to migrate, both internationally and within national borders, is generally associated with improved living standards of migrant families and others in both migrant and local destinations. Beyond benefits that migration may have forraising the incomes, well-being and risk-coping ability of families, a growing literature examines the direct and indirect effects of migration on decisions to invest in education and on educational attainment. Migration may facilitate investment in education as remittances from migrants ease credit constraints (Yang 2008), or alternatively, higher returns to education in migrant destinations may alter the perceived returns to investing in education (Beine, Docquier and ... Read More
      Keywords: Teenagers; Vocational education; General education; Competition; Health insurance premiums; Consumer behavior; Health insurance; Retirement; Cognition in old age; College majors; Scholarships; Low-income college students; College students; Vocational guidance; Lab
      PubDate: 2017-03-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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