for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Jurnals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
   [13 followers]  Follow    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
     Published by University of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [11 journals]   [SJR: 3.304]   [H-I: 52]
  • Relative Deprivation and Risky Behaviors
    • Abstract: <p>By Ana I. Balsa, Michael T. French, Tracy L. Regan</p> The principal of relative deprivation posits that individuals are adversely affected when they perceive themselves to be socially or economically deprived relative to their peers. Centuries ago, Adam Smith (1776) noted that departures from a reference group’s normative consumption level could lead to shame and social disgrace. More recently, relative socio-economic ranking has been shown to affect levels of happiness, job satisfaction, and health status. Luttmer (2005) observes that people whose neighbors earn more than they do tend to be less happy than people whose neighbors earn about the same. Clark and Oswald (1996) find that job satisfaction has less to do with salary per se than with salary relative to ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Social status
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Search and Nonwage Job Characteristics
    • Abstract: <p>By Paul Sullivan, Ted To</p> Nonwage job characteristics are important determinants of job mobility and choice. Important nonwage job characteristics include employer provided health insurance (Gruber and Madrian 2004), employer provided retirement benefits, flexible hours (Altonji and Paxson 1992), paid vacation, occupational choice (Goddeeris 1988), risk of injury or death (Thaler and Rosen 1975), commuting time (White 1988), onsite amenities, or a whole host of other, possibly intangible or heterogeneously valued,1 job characteristics. Despite their importance, there is relatively little research that estimates search models with nonwage job characteristics and studies their effect on job choice and mobility decisions. The bulk of the ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Wages
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Where There Is a Will Fertility Behavior and Sex Bias in Large Families
    • Abstract: <p>By Tarun Jain</p> Boys and girls in India experience large differences in survival and health outcomes. The 2011 Census reports that the sex ratio for children under 6 years of age is 914 girls per 1,000 boys, one of the largest differences in survival outcomes in the world. Among surviving children, boys are more likely than girls to receive immunizations, medical attention, and adequate nutrition (Pande 2003). An extensive literature has addressed these persistent gender differences, identifying various motivations such as differential returns in the labor market (Rosenzweig and Schultz 1982) and asymmetric preferences due to culture or tradition (Sen 1990). These differences cause a sex bias both in labor market participation as ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Health
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Dangerous Liquidity and the Demand for Health Care Evidence from the 2008
           Stimulus Payments
    • Abstract: <p>By Tal Gross, Jeremy Tobacman</p> Nearly 10 percent of low- income respondents to the National Health Interview Survey report that in the past year they needed medical care but could not afford it.1 Such households may not have been able to afford care because they were liquidity constrained. Health policy depends critically on whether such liquidity constraints affect the care that people receive. If consumers are liquidity constrained, then deductibles, copayments, and other departures from full insurance may inefficiently discourage care. Similarly, liquidity constraints may cause consumers to forgo cost-effective preventive care and risk expensive hospitalizations.In this paper, we test for liquidity constraints in health care utilization. To ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Medical care
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Estimating the Effects of College Characteristics over the Career Using
           Administrative Earnings Data
    • Abstract: <p>By Stacy B. Dale, Alan B. Krueger</p> Students who attend higherquality colleges earn more on average than those who attend colleges of lesser quality. However, it is unclear why this differential occurs. Do students who attend more selective schools learn skills that make them more productive workers, as would be suggested by human capital theory? Or, consistent with signaling models, do higherability students—who are likely to become more productive workers—attend more selective colleges?Understanding why students who attend higher-quality colleges have greater earnings is crucial for parents deciding where to send their children to college, for colleges selecting students, and for policymakers deciding whether to invest additional resources in ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Education, Higher
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Birth Order and Human Capital Development Evidence from Ecuador
    • Abstract: <p>By Monique De Haan, Erik Plug, José Rosero</p> In this paper we investigate birth order effects on human capital development of children in Ecuador. Specifically, we estimate the effect of birth order on preschool cognition, secondary school enrollment and child labor, using regression models that include family fixed effects to rule out that estimated birth order patterns are driven by differences in family size or in any other omitted family characteristic that is shared among siblings. In addition, we explore possible pathways that predict the birth order patterns we observe. In particular, we look for differences in maternal treatment and test whether the amount of time mothers allocate to various types of childcare depends on birth order.We have at our ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Birth order
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Economic Background and Educational Attainment The Role of Gene-
           Environment Interactions
    • Abstract: <p>By Owen Thompson</p> “A gene for aggression lands you in prison if you are from the ghetto, but in the board room if you are manor born.” (Conley 2011)“Flamingos everywhere are famous for their beautiful pink color. [But] if flamingos do not have access to their usual diet [of shrimp and plankton] for any reason, they are white, not pink. Their color is entirely dependent on the environmental influence of diet. On the other hand, the flamingo’s ability to turn pink with diet is entirely dependent on their genes. You could feed seagulls forever on the same diet and they would never turn pink. It would make no sense to say the flamingos’ color was 50 percent due to genes and 50 percent due to diet. The color is due to the joint action ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Learning ability
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Effect of Banning Affirmative Action on College Admissions Policies
           and Student Quality
    • Abstract: <p>By Kate Antonovics, Ben Backes</p> In the last two decades, public universities in a growing number of states have stopped practicing race- based affirmative action in admissions because of various court rulings, voter initiatives, and administrative decisions. In addition, the United States Supreme Court’s recent decision in Fisher v. University of Texas makes it harder for public universities to justify race- based admissions policies, and many believe the Supreme Court will place further limits on affirmative action in college admissions when it issues its ruling in Schuette v. Coalition during 2014.Given that university administrators remain committed to promoting racial diversity, a natural question is to what extent racial diversity can be ... <a href="">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Universities and colleges
      PubDate: 2014-04-23T00:00:00-05:00
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2014