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Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
  [SJR: 2.761]   [H-I: 71]   [39 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
   Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Stand Your Ground Laws, Homicides, and Injuries
    • Abstract: The public debate over gun rights and gun control policies in the United States reignites after every high profile shooting tragedy, which are occurring more frequently in recent years (Cohen, Azrael, and Miller 2014). One particular incident happened in February 2012, when Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old teenager, was fatally shot by George Zimmerman, a community watch coordinator for a gated community in Florida in the United States.1 The circumstances that triggered the shooting, the public outcry caused by the initial decision not to charge Zimmerman, and the not-guilty verdict at his trial have prompted tremendous media coverage and public attention, and moved a wave of self-defense statutes introduced by ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Retirement Plan Type and Employee Mobility: The Role of Selection
    • Abstract: We identify the role of selection in the context of retirement plans and employee mobility. Although our setting is an employer undergoing a plan transition, it is informative about the relationship between two broader labor market trends: first, the change in the pension plan landscape and second, increased employee mobility. Among private sector employees in the United States with an employer-provided pension plan, the fraction covered solely by a defined contribution (DC) plan more than tripled between 1980 and 2003, while those covered solely by a defined benefit (DB) plan declined by over 80 percent (Buessing and Soto 2006). Concurrently, employee job tenure and retention rates have decreased (Munnell ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • How Subjective Beliefs about HIV Infection Affect Life-Cycle Fertility:
           Evidence from Rural Malawi
    • Abstract: An important feature when considering fertility in the context of the HIV epidemic is that an infected person can live for many years with no symptoms. The median survival time after infection, without treatment, is estimated to be about 10.4 years.1 During most of this time, an infected person is in a clinical latency stage and experiences few or no symptoms.2 This implies that women are often uncertain about their own HIV status. Women’s perceptions of HIV risk and their own HIV status affect beliefs about their own and their children’s life expectancy, which in turn may influence life-cycle fertility choices. In addition to being uncertain about their own HIV status, women often express beliefs about ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Wage Discrimination When Identity Is Subjective: Evidence from Changes in
           Employer-Reported Race
    • Abstract: A longstanding question in studies of racial differences in wages is whether they can be explained by differences in skill, background, and preferences. The problem is that race is usually measured, and modeled, as an immutable characteristic of the individual. This restriction reflects the origins of the literature on labor market discrimination in the United States, where racial identity is thought of as a fixed, inherited, trait. As a result, it has been impossible to separate the effect of race on wages from the effects of other characteristics that do not change over time. We address this question by exploiting a unique feature matched employer–employee data from Brazil’s Relação Anual de Informações ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Flourish or Fail': The Risky Reward of Elite High School Admission in
           Mexico City
    • Abstract: Families often have some choice in where their children attend school, and all else equal, most families prefer a school of higher academic quality (see, for example, Hastings, Kane, and Staiger 2009). Attending a “better” school, as defined by peer ability or school resources, is usually thought to benefit students academically. For example, a student may benefit from working with high-achieving and highly motivated peers, and a better-funded school is able to afford more and better educational inputs. But there is also a risk to attending a better school, particularly if doing so means that the student is closer to the bottom of the school-specific ability distribution. The difficulty level of the coursework ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Biases in Standard Measures of Intergenerational Income Dependence
    • Abstract: A growing literature studies to what degree differences in long-run economic status persist across generations. Researchers typically aim to estimate the dependence between lifetime incomes or earnings of parents and offspring, with strong associations implying a low degree of intergenerational mobility (and vice versa). Descriptive measures of that dependence provide not only a useful account of the dynamic dimension of inequality across generations, but are also key starting points for the analysis of the underlying causal mechanisms of transmission. However, the most common dependence measure, the intergenerational elasticity, can be severely mismeasured if snapshots of income are used to approximate ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Effects of Vocational Rehabilitation Services for People with Mental
           Illness
    • Abstract: The public-sector Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) program is a $3 billion federal–state partnership designed to provide employment-related assistance to persons with disabilities. Although thought to play an important role in helping persons with disabilities engage in gainful employment and possibly reducing disability insurance roles (Loprest 2007), very little is known about the long term-efficacy of VR in the United States. Nearly all of the economic evaluations of the U.S. public-sector VR programs were conducted over 15 years ago (see, for example Dean, Dolan, and Schmidt 1999)1 and a series of recent Government Accountability Office (GAO) (2005; 2012) reports stress the critical need for credible impact ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Impact of Removing Selective Migration Restrictions on Education:
           Evidence from China
    • Abstract: This paper studies the impact of removing selective migration restrictions on education. Over the past decades, various countries have used controlled and selected migration policy (Docquier and Rapoport 2012). One step further in the process of improving the allocative efficiency in the labor market is the free allocation of labor regardless of skill levels, such as the free movement of workers in the European Union and the relaxed internal migration barrier in China. However, if the selective migration scheme has induced stronger incentives to invest in education, policies that remove these migration restrictions may lead to lower levels of educational attainment. Although extensive work has been conducted on ... Read More
      Keywords: Crime prevention; Homicide; Self-defense (Law); Labor mobility; Pensions; Defined benefit pension plans; Fertility, Human; HIV infections; Brazilians; Discrimination in employment; Equal pay for equal work; Elite (Social sciences); Academic achievement; Upper cla
      PubDate: 2017-07-27T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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