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Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
  [SJR: 2.761]   [H-I: 71]   [40 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
   Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • The Intergenerational Transmission of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities
    • Abstract: A large literature recognizes the importance of both cognitive and noncognitive abilities for economic and social outcomes (for example, Bowles, Gintis, and Osborne 2001; Heckman, Stixrud, and Urzua 2006; Lindqvist and Vestman 2011). The family plays a crucial role in forming these productive traits: Abilities are correlated across generations, and siblings have a strong resemblance in both intellectual capacity and personality (Black and Devereaux 2011). In theoretical models of intergenerational income mobility and inequality, the transmission of abilities across generations is a key component (Becker and Tomes 1979). This transmission is less than fully understood, as are the sources of estimated sibling ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Cost of Convenience': Transaction Costs, Bargaining Power, and
           Savings Account Use in Kenya
    • Abstract: In spite of notable progress toward financial inclusion, two billion people worldwide remain unbanked (Demirgüç-Kunt et al. 2015). This does not reflect an inability or unwillingness to save; low-income households in developing countries use numerous informal and semiformal savings devices despite the often-high costs involved (Collins et al. 2009). Thus, most efforts to increase formal financial access have focused on reducing transaction costs, for example via "no frills" accounts, agency banking, or mobile money. Yet lowering transaction costs may not always help, especially for certain vulnerable groups. For example, when individuals face interpersonal constraints to saving, accounts that are costly to access ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • It's Just a Game: The Super Bowl and Low Birth Weight
    • Abstract: Prenatal shocks can have long-lasting economic consequences (Almond and Currie 2011) and take a variety of forms. For instance, researchers have examined the effects of poor nutrition (Lumey and Stein 1997; Almond and Mazumder 2011), pollution (Currie, Greenstone, and Moretti 2011; Currie and Walker 2011), and infection (Kelly 2011; Currie and Schwandt 2013; Schwandt 2014) on birth outcomes.There is also evidence that prenatal shocks can be psychological in nature (Aizer, Stroud, and Buka 2016). In-utero exposure to earthquakes (Torche 2011), terrorist attacks (Eskenazi et al. 2007), and the loss of a close relative (Persson and Rossin-Slater 2016; Black, Devereux, and Salvanes 2016) are all associated with ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Impact of Teacher–Student Gender Matches: Random Assignment
           Evidence from South Korea
    • Abstract: Gender gaps in academic performance, with girls generally outperforming boys in language arts and boys generally outperforming girls in math, have persisted despite decades of effort to close them. Understanding the causes of these gaps is crucial, especially at younger ages, because they may lead to gender differences in later course-taking, occupational choices, and labor market outcomes (Lavy and Sand 2015).One possible source of gender-based disparities is whether a student and a teacher share the same gender. These gender interactions may affect academic performance through changes in the behavior of both parties, that is, through student- or teacher-centered mechanisms. Role-model effects, an example of the ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Impact of Judicial Elections in the Sentencing of Black Crime
    • Abstract: Criminal justice statistics show considerable racial disparity along numerous margins, including conviction rates, highway traffic stops, arrest rates, and sentencing outcomes. The economics discourse on race and criminal justice disproportionately focuses on whether these racial disparities are driven by taste-based or statistical discrimination (Knowles et al. 2001; Anwar and Fang 2006; Antonovics and Knight 2009). Less attention is given to institutional factors that plausibly affect incentives to engage in racial discrimination even though institutions may be more responsive to policy levers than individual-specific tastes. This paper uses 1998 to 2011 administrative sentencing data from the state of Kansas to ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Effect of Social Benefits on Youth Employment: Combining Regression
           Discontinuity and a Behavioral Model
    • Abstract: Recent debates in the economic literature tend to compare and contrast the different approaches existing for policy evaluation (Angrist and Pischke 2010; Deaton 2009; Heckman and Urzua 2010). A reasonable approach, however, seems to try to combine them optimally (Blundell 2012). In particular, the economic literature should attempt to reconcile the methods based on randomized or natural experiments (ex post policy evaluation) with those relying on structural behavioral models (ex ante evaluation). As stated by Imbens (2010), "Much of the debate ultimately centers on the weight researchers put on internal validity versus external validity." Critics of the structural approach generally argue that it is difficult to ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Impact of Immigration on the Educational Attainment of Natives
    • Abstract: The extent to which the children of low-education or low-income parents are able to achieve their full potential in the United States is a cause for concern. Contrary to popular mythology, there is less intergenerational mobility in earnings and education in the United States than in continental Europe and Canada, and no more than in the United Kingdom.1 Corak (2013) warns that rising income inequality in the United States may further reduce intergenerational mobility absent changes in public policy. An important step upward for many children from low socioeconomic status families is graduation from high school, yet U.S. high school graduation rates have only recently begun rising again after decades of ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Water Works: The Economic Impact of Water Infrastructure
    • Abstract: Processes of economic development are often accompanied by significant changes in within-household time allocation patterns.1 Some have credited timesaving household technologies with reducing the time intensity of home production activities and increasing historical labor supply.2 Empirical research supports the hypothesis that time-saving technologies have increased labor force participation in developed countries (Coen-Pirani, Leon, and Lugauer 2010; Cavalcanti et al. 2008). Technological progress in the household sector has been found to be more of a driver of such labor-force participation increases than wage increases. Simply put, "technological progress in the household sector erodes the value of labor in ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Journal of Human Resources Referees Volume 52
    • Abstract: The members of the editorial board of the Journal of Human Resources wish to thank the following persons who served as manuscript reviewers between June 1, 2016 and May 31, 2017.Jason AbaluckAma Baafra AbebereseMartin AbelJoelle AbramowitzMaja AdenaAchyuta AdhvaryuAnjali AdukiaAmanda AganJorge M AgueroKehinde AjayiMevlude Akbulut-YukselMitra AkhtariCatalina Amuedo-DorantesMartin Sparre AndersenMichael L. AndersonPatricia M. AndersonMassimo AnelliManuela AngelucciKate AntonovicsJesse Anttila-HughesS AnukritiAinhoa Aparicio-FenollFernando M. AragónMaria Caridad AraujoEsteban AucejoSusan L AverettChris AveryMehtabul AzamAline BütikoferAndrew Bacher-HicksBen BackesLee BadgettJames ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Managing Editor Jan Levine Thal Retires
    • Abstract: Jan Levine Thal, long-time Managing Editor of the Journal of Human Resources, retires this fall. She was recruited in 1985 to replace then-retiring Barbara Dennis. Jan has a bachelor's degree fromHarvard University, and master's degrees from Northwestern University and the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Jan is an active member of the Madison community, including serving currently as the Artistic Director of Kathie Rasmussen Women's Theatre and previously as the President of the Board of Directors of Madison's community radio station, WORT-FM.Jan's knowledge, skills, and commitment have been of invaluable help to the journal's past and current editors. Jan has shepherded the journal through the dramatic revolution ... Read More
      Keywords: Intellect; Cognition; Intergenerational relations; Transaction costs; Automated tellers; Savings accounts; Banks and banking; Birth weight, Low; Super Bowl; Classes (Groups of students); Sex differences in education; Academic achievement; Middle scho
      PubDate: 2017-10-28T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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