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Journal Cover Journal of Human Resources
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     ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
     Published by University of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [11 journals]   [SJR: 3.304]   [H-I: 52]
  • The FDA and ABCs Unintended Consequences of Antidepressant Warnings on
           Human Capital
    • Abstract: <p>By Susan H. Busch, Ezra Golberstein, Ellen Meara</p> A burgeoning theoretical and empirical literature argues that compared with cognitive aspects of human capital that raise individual productivity, “noncognitive” aspects of human capital are equally important. Empirical evidence links varied noncognitive characteristics, ranging from measured hyperactivity, anxiety, locus of control, and self-esteem in childhood to later wages, income, and social outcomes (Blanden, Gregg, and Macmillan 2006; Borghans et al. 2008; Bowles, Gintis, and Osborne 2001; Currie and Stabile 2009; Heckman, Stixrud, and Urzua 2006). A universally agreed upon construct of noncognitive dimensions of human capital is not yet available, and researchers currently describe these in a variety of ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.busch.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Academic achievement
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Low-Skilled Immigration and Parenting Investments of College-Educated
           Mothers in the United States Evidence from Time-Use Data
    • Abstract: <p>By Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Almudena Sevilla</p> The most valuable of all capital is that invested in human beings; and of that capital the most precious part is the result of the care and influence of the mother.This paper examines how low-skilled immigration, via its effect on the cost of household services, may have impacted the allocation of time to child-care of mothers in the United States. Childcare is an important component of parental time. Unlike other types of home production, such as cleaning the house windows or maintaining a tidy home, childcare, and some types of childcare in particular (such as educational and recreational childcare), can prove particularly important for a child’s posterior intellectual and social development (for example, Hill ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.amuedo-dorantes.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Early childhood education
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Medium-Term Effects of Scholarships in a Low-Income Country
    • Abstract: <p>By Deon Filmer, Norbert Schady</p> Despite progress in recent decades, a substantial fraction of children in developing countries attain little schooling, and many adults lack skills that are valued in the labor market. For this reason, policymakers and academics continue to search for programs and policies that can raise educational attainment and learning in poor countries.A number of interventions have recently been shown to increase school enrollment and attendance in some settings. These include merit-based scholarships (Kremer, Miguel, and Thornton 2009), deworming for school-aged children (Miguel and Kremer 2004), school construction (Duflo 2001), the provision of additional teachers (Banerjee et al. 2007), vouchers for private schooling ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.filmer.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Cambodia
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Importance of Cost of Living and Education in Estimates of the
           Conditional Wage Gap Between Black and White Women
    • Abstract: <p>By Peter McHenry, Melissa McInerney</p> Concerns about discrimination in labor markets have long motivated economists to compare labor market outcomes—wages in particular—between members of different groups. The history of race relations in the United States puts a focus on black-white differences, and many studies have found that black workers tend to earn lower wages than white workers with similar characteristics like age and education.1 More recently, however, several studies document higher wages among black—relative to white—women with similar characteristics (for example, Fryer 2011; Fisher and Houseworth 2012; Black et al. 2008). Such black wage premiums are puzzling in light of other findings of discrimination against black workers (for ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.mchenry.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Cost and standard of living
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Improving Reading Skills by Encouraging Children to Read in School: A
           Randomized Evaluation of the Sa Aklat Sisikat Reading Program in the
           Philippines
    • Abstract: <p>By Ama Baafra Abeberese, Todd J. Kumler, Leigh L. Linden</p> Seven hundred and seventy-five million adults cannot read (UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2012). The poor quality of public schools in developing countries is a major factor. However, our limited understanding of the education production function hinders attempts to ameliorate their conditions. We know providing resources without other inputs rarely improves student performance. We know resources can affect improvements when paired with a larger array of inputs (Glewwe and Kremer 2006). We do not know which inputs are necessary. For reading in particular, studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of large comprehensive changes. Banerjee et al. (2007), which studies an Indian remedial education program, is a ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.abeberese.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Rewards and punishments in education
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Children of War The Long-Run Effects of Large-Scale Physical Destruction
           and Warfare on Children
    • Abstract: <p>By Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel</p> Armed conflicts have become more common and more physically destructive in recent years (Collier, Hoeffler, and Rocher 2009). Almost one-third of the countries around the globe have experienced civil war and violence during the first decade of the 21st century (Minoiu and Shemyakina 2012). Large and aggregate shocks caused by armed conflicts have devastating consequences for a country including loss of lives, displacement of people, destruction of physical capital and public infrastructure, and reduced economic growth. Evidence from macro-level studies shows that countries experience rapid recovery after wars and armed conflicts and return to their steady state within 20–25 years (Miguel and Roland 2011; Brakman ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.akbulut-yuksel.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: World War, 1939-1945
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Comparing Labor Supply Elasticities in Europe and the United States New
           Results
    • Abstract: <p>By Olivier Bargain, Kristian Orsini, Andreas Peichl</p> The study of labor supply behavior continues to play an important role in policy analysis and economic research. In particular, the size and distribution of work hour and participation elasticities represent key information when evaluating tax-benefit policy reforms and their effect on tax revenue, employment, and redistribution. Several excellent surveys report evidence on elasticities for different countries and periods.1 However, the literature only reaches a consensus on certain aspects, establishing that own-wage elasticities are largest for married women and small or sometimes negative for men. In terms of magnitude, large variation in labor-supply elasticities is found in the literature, with little ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.bargain.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Labor supply
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College
           Achievement Awards
    • Abstract: <p>By Joshua Angrist, Philip Oreopoulos, Tyler Williams</p> As college enrollment rates have increased, so too have concerns about rates of college completion. Around 45 percent of American college students and nearly 25 percent of Canadian college students fail to complete any college program within six years of postsecondary enrollment (Shaienks and Gluszynksi 2007; Shapiro et al. 2012). Those who do finish take much longer than they used to (Turner 2004; Bound, Lovenheim, and Turner 2010; Babcock and Marks 2011). Delays and dropouts may be both privately and socially costly. Struggling college students often show little evidence of skill improvement (Arum and Roksa 2011). They pay a higher cost in foregone earnings than those who finish while losing the benefit of any ... <a href="http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v049/49.3.angrist.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Academic achievement
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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