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Journal Cover   Journal of Human Resources
  [SJR: 4.095]   [H-I: 58]   [20 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0022-166X - ISSN (Online) 1548-8004
   Published by University of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • All-Cause Mortality Reductions from Measles Catchup Campaigns in Africa
    • Abstract: <p>By Ariel Ben Yishay, Keith Kranker</p> Historically, measles was one of the most lethal infectious agents, responsible for five to eight million annual deaths globally prior to 1963 (Moss and Scott 2009). The disease, which is often contracted in regular epidemic outbreaks, suppresses the immune system of infected individuals—primarily children—weakening their defense against complications from diseases such as acute encephalitis, diarrhea, and pneumonia (Moss and Scott 2009; Ferrari et al. 2008). The licensure of the measles vaccine in 1963 and its subsequent use throughout the developed world induced by 1987 a precipitous drop in global measles deaths to 1.9 million (Wolfson et al. 2007).In sub-Saharan Africa, though, coverage lagged significantly in ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.yishay.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Measles
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Risk-Taking Behavior in the Wake of Natural Disasters
    • Abstract: <p>By Lisa Cameron, Manisha Shah</p> Over the last decade, direct losses from natural disasters in the developing world averaged US$35 billion annually. These losses are increasing and are more than eight times greater than the losses suffered as a result of natural disasters during the 1960s (EM-DAT 2009). Three main categories of natural disasters account for 90 percent of the world’s direct losses: floods, earthquakes, and tropical cyclones. A disproportionate share of the deaths and damage caused by such environmental shocks is borne by people in developing countries (Kahn 2005). Developing countries are not necessarily more susceptible to natural disasters but the impact is often more severe due to poor building practices and lack of adequate ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.cameron01.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Natural disasters
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin
           American Countries
    • Abstract: <p>By Norbert Schady, Jere Behrman, Maria Caridad Araujo, Rodrigo Azuero</p> Development in early childhood is an important predictor of success in adulthood in a number of domains. Research from multiple disciplines makes clear that outcomes in early childhood are malleable although the window of opportunity may be short, especially for cognitive outcomes and nutritional status. There is also evidence from developed and developing countries that investments in early childhood can positively affect long-term trajectories (Almond and Currie 2011, and Cunha et al. 2006 are reviews for the United States; Engle et al. 2007, 2011, and Behrman et al. 2013 are reviews for developing countries that focus primarily on the child development literature).This paper provides new evidence of sharp ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.schady.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Children
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Socioeconomic Gradient of Child Development: Cross-Sectional Evidence
           from Children 6–42 Months in Bogota
    • Abstract: <p>By Marta Rubio-Codina, Orazio Attanasio, Costas Meghir, Natalia Varela</p> In low- and middle-income countries, an estimated 219 million (39 percent) children younger than age five fail to reach their developmental potential due to exposure to risk factors such as illness, nutritional deficiencies, and less-responsive parents—all of which are associated to poverty (Grantham-McGregor et al. 2007). These factors affect cognitive abilities beyond the effect of genetics (Hackman and Farah 2009) and generate developmental delays that are difficult to compensate later on in life given the plasticity of the brain in early childhood (Shonkoff 2010). Lower school readiness and performance, lower employability and earnings, and worse adult health and well-being, are among the long-term ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.rubio-codina.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Child rearing
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A Practitioner’s Guide to Cluster-Robust Inference
    • Abstract: <p>By A. Colin Cameron, Douglas L. Miller</p> In an empiricist’s day-to-day practice, most effort is spent on getting unbiased or consistent point estimates. That is, a lot of attention is given to the parameters . In this paper, we focus on getting accurate statistical inference, a fundamental component of which is obtaining accurate standard errors (se, the estimated standard deviation of ). We begin with the basic reminder that empirical researchers should also really care about getting this part right. An asymptotic 95 percent confidence interval is , and hypothesis testing is typically based on the Wald “t-statistic” w=(β̂−β0)/se. Both and se are critical ingredients for statistical inference, and we should be paying as much attention to getting a good ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.cameron.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Economics
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Matching Methods in Practice Three Examples
    • Abstract: <p>By Guido W. Imbens</p> There is a large literature on methods for estimating average treatment effects under the assumption of unconfoundedness (also referred to as selection-on-observables, exogeneity, ignorability, or simply the conditional independence assumption). Under this assumption, the comparison of units with different treatments but identical pretreatment variables can be given a causal interpretation. Much of the econometric literature has focused on establishing asymptotic properties for a variety of estimators without a firm conclusion on the relative merits of these estimators. As a result, the theoretical literature leaves the empirical researcher with a bewildering choice of methods with limited, and often conflicting ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.imbens.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Inference
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Control Function Methods in Applied Econometrics
    • Abstract: <p>By Jeffrey M. Wooldridge</p> The term “control function” has been part of the econometrics lexicon for several decades, but it has been used inconsistently, and its usage has evolved. In early work—notably, Barnow, Cain, and Goldberger (1981) (hereafter, BCG)—a control function is a variable that, when added to a regression, renders a policy variable appropriately exogenous. From the BCG perspective, multiple regression that includes the policy variable and one or more control functions provides consistent estimation of the causal effect of a policy intervention. Cameron and Trivedi (2005, p. 37) endorses this definition of a control function (CF), and, based on the usage in BCG, what Wooldridge (2010, Section 4.3.2) defines as a proxy ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.wooldridge.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Econometrics
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • What Are We Weighting For'
    • Abstract: <p>By Gary Solon, Steven J. Haider, Jeffrey M. Wooldridge</p> At the beginning of their textbook’s section on weighted estimation of regression models, Angrist and Pischke (2009, p. 91) acknowledge, “Few things are as confusing to applied researchers as the role of sample weights. Even now, 20 years post-Ph.D., we read the section of the Stata manual on weighting with some dismay.” After years of discussing weighting issues with fellow economic researchers, we know that Angrist and Pischke are in excellent company. In published research, top-notch empirical scholars make conflicting choices about whether and how to weight and often provide little or no rationale for their choices. And in private discussions, we have found that accomplished researchers sometimes own up to ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.2.solon.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Economics
      PubDate: 2015-05-08T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Long-Term Intergenerational Persistence of Human Capital An Empirical
           Analysis of Four Generations
    • Abstract: <p>By Mikael Lindahl, Mårten Palme, Sofia Sandgren Massih, Anna Sjögren</p> Although concern for long-term social mobility is a fundamental motivation for the study of intergenerational transmission of human capital, most theoretical and empirical studies have been limited to the relation between two generations: parents and their children. The Becker-Tomes model — by far the most important model for intergenerational transmission of human capital — relates financial and other resources of the parent generation to the outcome of the child generation.1 Empirical studies, as surveyed in Solon (1999) and Black and Devereux (2010), are with few exceptions restricted to two generations.2Estimates from two-generation studies are often used to predict the persistence of long-run income ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.1.lindahl.html">Read More</a>
      PubDate: 2015-02-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Immigration and the Human Capital of Natives
    • Abstract: <p>By Peter McHenry</p> Immigration is a very important feature of many local labor markets in the United States. In 12 of the largest 25 cities in 2009, the foreign-born share in total populations was greater than 20 percent (U.S. Census Bureau 2012). Immigrants potentially influence the lives of the native-born population in many ways, including the likelihood of getting a job, wage offers, local prices, migration incentives, and schooling environments. Such relationships are important for public policy because they are potentially large and also because government policies like visa granting directly influence the number of immigrants in the country.This paper investigates the impact of immigration on the human capital investment ... <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_human_resources/v050/50.1.mchenry.html">Read More</a>
      Keywords: Labor supply
      PubDate: 2015-02-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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