Acta Radiologica Short Reports
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2047-9816 - ISSN (Online) 2047-9816
Published by Sage Publications [742 journals]
- Congenital thyroid hemiagenesis with multinodular goiter
Authors: Bhartiya, S; Verma, A, Basu, S, Shukla, V.
Pages: 2047981614 - 2047981614
Abstract: Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare form of thyroid dysgenesis characterized by an absence of half of the thyroid gland. Developmental hemi-thyroid anomalies can result from either an abnormal descent or an agenesis of one lobe of the thyroid gland. We report a case of a 40-year-old woman with history of a longstanding gradually progressive thyroid swelling without any complication. An ultrasonographic examination diagnosed the absence of the left thyroid lobe and enlargement of the right lobe, which was confirmed on a computed tomography (CT) angiogram and a radionuclide scan of the neck. A cytological examination showed nodular goiter with cystic degeneration. Right subtotal thyroidectomy was performed and histopathological examination confirmed adenomatous goiter with degenerative changes. We report the rarity of the condition and emphasize the role of a comprehensive radiological, cytological, and radionuclide algorithm for an accurate preoperative diagnosis and subsequent management.
Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 9 (2014)