for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
Followed Journals
Journal you Follow: 0
Sign Up to follow journals, search in your chosen journals and, optionally, receive Email Alerts when new issues of your Followed Journals are published.
Already have an account? Sign In to see the journals you follow.
Journal Cover Acta Radiologica Open
  [2 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2058-4601
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [852 journals]
  • A rare case of pancreatic endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman and
           review of the literature

    • Authors: Plodeck, V; Sommer, U, Baretton, G. B, Aust, D. E, Laniado, M, Hoffmann, R.-T, Platzek, I.
      Pages: 2058460116 - 2058460116
      Abstract: Pancreatic endometriosis is very rare with only a few cases reported in the literature. The imaging features are non-specific and the definitive diagnosis is usually only established after surgery. We report on a 68-year-old woman with left upper quadrant pain who demonstrated a mass in the pancreatic tail on imaging. Laboratory results showed only mildly elevated liver enzymes, tumor markers were within the normal range. A left pancreatectomy was performed, frozen section suggesting a benign lesion, and final histopathology confirmed endometriotic cysts. A research of the literature found only eight reported cases of endometriotic cysts of the pancreas, with the majority affecting premenopausal women. Preoperative diagnosis is challenging and most patients undergo resection because of suspected neoplasm. Thorough diagnostic workup may help in avoiding extensive surgery and reduce postoperative complications.
      PubDate: 2016-09-25T23:51:42-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2058460116669385
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 9 (2016)
  • Whole-body MRI for full assessment and characterization of diffuse
           inflammatory myopathy

    • Authors: Elessawy, S. S; Abdelsalam, E. M, Abdel Razek, E, Tharwat, S.
      Pages: 2058460116 - 2058460116
      Abstract: BackgroundConventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a highly valuable tool for full assessment of the extent of bilateral symmetrical diffuse inflammatory myopathy, owing to its high sensitivity in the detection of edema which correlates with, and sometimes precedes, clinical findings.PurposeTo evaluate the use of whole-body (WB)-MRI in characterization and full assessment of the extent and distribution of diffuse inflammatory myopathy.Material and MethodsA prospective study on 15 patients presenting with clinical evidence of inflammatory myopathy. It included 4 boys/men and 11 girls/women (age range, 6–44 years; mean age, 25.5 years). 1.5 T WB-MRI was performed and the distribution and extent of disease severity was assessed according to muscle edema on STIR images.ResultsFour cases of dermatomyositis showed lower limb disease predilection with edema in gluteal, thigh, and calf muscles. The same finding was seen in one case with recurrent polymyositis and three cases with overlap myositis with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Bilateral upper and lower limb myositis was demonstrated in three cases of polymyositis and one case of overlap myositis with scleroderma. Bilateral edema involving all scanned muscle groups was detected in three cases of polymyositis with paraneoplastic syndrome, SLE, and severe active dermatomyositis (including the neck muscles).ConclusionWB-MRI is the diagnostic modality of choice for cases of inflammatory myopathy. It accurately detects the most severely affected muscles candidate for biopsy and provides a reliable baseline study for follow-up of disease progression as well as response to treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-09-21T02:20:38-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2058460116668216
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 9 (2016)
  • Magnetization transfer imaging reveals geniculocalcarine and striate area
           degeneration in primary glaucoma: a preliminary study

    • Authors: Zhang, Y; Liang, W, Wu, G, Zhang, X, Wen, G.
      Pages: 2058460116 - 2058460116
      Abstract: BackgroundGlaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease that affects both the retina and central visual pathway. Magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) is a sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that can detect degenerative changes in the brain.PurposeTo investigate the geniculocalcarine (GCT) and striate areas in primary glaucoma patients using region of interest (ROI) analysis of magnetization transfer ratio (MTR).Material and MethodsTwenty patients with primary glaucoma in both eyes were compared with 31 healthy control patients. All of the participants were examined on a 3.0 T scanner using a three-dimensional T1-weighted spoiled gradient recalled acquisition (SPGR) with and without a MT saturation pulse. A two-sample t-test was used to evaluate the MTR difference between the groups. P < 0.05 was used to determine statistical significance.ResultsThe MTR of the glaucoma group was lower than the healthy controls in both the bilateral GCT (t = 3.781, P = 0.001) and striate areas (t = 4.177, P = 0.000).ConclusionThe MTR reductions in the bilateral GCT and striate areas suggest that there is GCT demyelination and striate area degeneration in primary glaucoma. These neurodegenerative effects may be induced as a direct effect of retrograde axonal degeneration along with the indirect effect of anterograde trans-synaptic degeneration.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08T03:24:59-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2058460116666876
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 9 (2016)
  • Combination therapy using PSE and TIO ameliorates hepatic encephalopathy
           due to intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt in idiopathic portal

    • Authors: Kojima, S; Ito, H, Takashimizu, S, Ichikawa, H, Matsumoto, T, Hasebe, T, Watanabe, N.
      Pages: 2058460116 - 2058460116
      Abstract: A 64-year-old woman treated for anemia and ascites exhibited hepatic encephalopathy. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) showed communication between the portal vein and the middle hepatic vein, indicating an intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt (PSS). Since hepatic encephalopathy of the patient was resistant to medical treatment, interventional radiology was performed for the treatment of shunt obliteration. Hepatic venography showed anastomosis between the hepatic vein branches, supporting the diagnosis of idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH). To minimize the increase in portal vein pressure after shunt obliteration, partial splenic artery embolization (PSE) was first performed to reduce portal vein blood flow. Transileocolic venous obliteration (TIO) was then performed, and intrahepatic PSS was successfully obliterated using coils with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA). In the present case, hepatic encephalopathy due to intrahepatic PSS in the patient with IPH was successfully treated by combination therapy using PSE and TIO.
      PubDate: 2016-09-08T03:24:59-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2058460116666574
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 9 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016