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Journal Cover Acta Radiologica Open
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2058-4601
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [835 journals]
  • Model-based iterative reconstruction and adaptive statistical iterative
           reconstruction: dose-reduced CT for detecting pancreatic calcification

    • Authors: Yasaka, K; Katsura, M, Akahane, M, Sato, J, Matsuda, I, Ohtomo, K.
      Pages: 2058460116 - 2058460116
      Abstract: Background Iterative reconstruction methods have attracted attention for reducing radiation doses in computed tomography (CT). Purpose To investigate the detectability of pancreatic calcification using dose-reduced CT reconstructed with model-based iterative construction (MBIR) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). Material and Methods This prospective study approved by Institutional Review Board included 85 patients (57 men, 28 women; mean age, 69.9 years; mean body weight, 61.2 kg). Unenhanced CT was performed three times with different radiation doses (reference-dose CT [RDCT], low-dose CT [LDCT], ultralow-dose CT [ULDCT]). From RDCT, LDCT, and ULDCT, images were reconstructed with filtered-back projection (R-FBP, used for establishing reference standard), ASIR (L-ASIR), and MBIR and ASIR (UL-MBIR and UL-ASIR), respectively. A lesion (pancreatic calcification) detection test was performed by two blinded radiologists with a five-point certainty level scale. Results Dose-length products of RDCT, LDCT, and ULDCT were 410, 97, and 36 mGy-cm, respectively. Nine patients had pancreatic calcification. The sensitivity for detecting pancreatic calcification with UL-MBIR was high (0.67–0.89) compared to L-ASIR or UL-ASIR (0.11–0.44), and a significant difference was seen between UL-MBIR and UL-ASIR for one reader (P = 0.014). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for UL-MBIR (0.818–0.860) was comparable to that for L-ASIR (0.696–0.844). The specificity was lower with UL-MBIR (0.79–0.92) than with L-ASIR or UL-ASIR (0.96–0.99), and a significant difference was seen for one reader (P < 0.01). Conclusion In UL-MBIR, pancreatic calcification can be detected with high sensitivity, however, we should pay attention to the slightly lower specificity.
      PubDate: 2016-01-22T05:58:27-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/2058460116628340
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2016)
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