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Journal of the Medical Library Association
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.734
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 274  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1536-5050 - ISSN (Online) 1558-9439
Published by Medical Library Association  [1 journal]
  • 119th Annual Meeting, Medical Library Association, Inc., Chicago, IL, May
           3–8, 2019

    • Authors: JJ Pionke, Ellen Aaronson
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: The Medical Library Association (MLA) held its 119th annual meeting in Chicago, Illinois May 3–8, 2019, at the Hyatt Regency Chicago. The meeting theme was “Elevate.”
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.897
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Publishing habits and perceptions of open access publishing and public
           access amongst clinical and research fellows

    • Authors: Robin O’Hanlon, Jeanine McSweeney, Samuel Stabler
      Pages: 47 - 58
      Abstract: Introduction: Open access (OA) publishing rates have risen dramatically in the biomedical sciences in the past decade. However, few studies have focused on the publishing activities and attitudes of early career researchers. The aim of this study was to examine current publishing activities of clinical and research fellows and their perceptions of OA publishing and public access.Methods: This study employed a mixed methods approach. Data on publications authored by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center fellows between 2013 and 2018 were collected via an in-house author profile system and citation indexes. Journals were categorized according to SHERPA/RoMEO classifications. In-person and telephone interviews were conducted with fifteen fellows to discern their perceptions of OA publishing.Results: The total percentage of fellows’ publications that were freely available OA was 28.6%, with a relatively flat rate between 2013 and 2018. Publications with fellows as first authors were significantly more likely to be OA. Fellows cited high article processing charges (APCs) and perceived lack of journal quality or prestige as barriers to OA publishing. Fellows generally expressed support for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) public access policy.Conclusions: While the fellows in this study acknowledged the potential of OA to aid in research dissemination, they also expressed hesitation to publish OA related to confusion surrounding legitimate OA and predatory publications and frustration with APCs. Fellows supported the NIH public access policy and accepted it as part of their research process. Health sciences information professional could potentially leverage this acceptance of public access to advocate for OA publishing. This article has been approved for the Medical Library Association’s Independent Reading Program.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.751
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • A bibliometric study of research pertaining to the oldest-old (age
           eighty-five and older)

    • Authors: Brady Daniel Lund, Ting Wang
      Pages: 59 - 66
      Abstract: Objective: This bibliometric study investigated literature pertaining to a quickly growing population worldwide: the oldest-old, individuals age eighty-five and older. The current state of research was surveyed, based on top authors, publishers, authorship networks, themes in publication titles and abstracts, and highly cited publications.Methods: Bibliographic data was abstracted from the Web of Science database. Microsoft Excel was used for data analyses related to top author, publishers, and terms. VosViewer bibliographic visualization software was used to identify authorship networks.Results: Publications pertaining to the oldest-old have increased dramatically over the past three decades. The majority of these publications are related to medical or genetics topics. Citations for these publications remain relatively low but may be expected to grow in coming years, based on the publication behavior about and increasing prominence of this population. Claudio Franceschi and the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society were found to be the author and journal with the most publications pertaining to the oldest-old, respectively.Conclusions: The oldest-old is a population of rapidly growing significance. Researchers in library and information science, gerontology, and beyond can benefit themselves and those they serve by participating in research and specialized services to marginalized populations like the oldest-old. This bibliometric study hopefully serves as a launch-point for further inquiry and research in the years to come.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.762
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Excel for data visualization in academic health sciences libraries: a
           qualitative case study

    • Authors: Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla
      Pages: 67 - 75
      Abstract: Background: Data visualization is a growing topic of discussion and area of educational programming in health sciences libraries. This paper synthesizes information on eight institutions’ experiences in offering Excel-focused data visualization workshops with the goal of providing an overview of the current state of educational offerings in this area.Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted by phone and email with librarians at institutions that offer Excel-focused workshops, which were identified by reviewing the websites of Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries members and the 2019 Medical Library Association annual meeting program.Results: Librarians from six institutions were interviewed, online class materials from one institution were reviewed, and information from the author’s institution was included, resulting in a total of eight institutions. Educational offerings in Excel-focused data visualization ranged from one workshop to five workshops in a series, which typically first presented information for beginners and then progressed to more advanced data visualization skills. Regarding motivations for offering these workshops, librarians stated that they were committed to providing instruction in software programs that were already familiar to users. Workshop evaluations, when available, were generally positive.Discussion: Because of its widespread availability and usage, Excel offers a compelling opportunity for providing hands-on data visualization instruction in health sciences libraries.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.749
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Adverse drug reactions in drug information databases: does presentation
           affect interpretation'

    • Authors: Sean M. McConachie, Christopher A. Giuliano, Insaf Mohammad, Pramodini B. Kale-Pradhan
      Pages: 76 - 83
      Abstract: Objective: Formatting of adverse drug reaction (ADR) information differs among drug information (DI) resources and may impact clinical decision-making. The objective of this study was to determine whether ADR formatting impacts adverse event interpretation by pharmacy practitioners and students.Methods: Participants were randomized to receive ADR information in a comparative quantitative (CQUANT), noncomparative quantitative (NQUANT), or noncomparative qualitative (NQUAL) format to interpret 3 clinical vignettes. Vignettes involved patients presenting with adverse events that varied in the extent to which they were associated with a medication. The primary outcome was interpretation of the likelihood of medication-induced adverse events on a 10-point Likert scale. Lower scoring on likelihood (i.e., ADR deemed unlikely) reflected more appropriate interpretation. Linear regression was performed to analyze the effects of ADR information format on the primary outcome.Results: A total of 108 participants completed the study (39 students and 69 pharmacists). Overall, the CQUANT group had the lowest average likelihood compared to NQUAL (4.0 versus 5.4; p<0.01) and NQUANT (4.0 versus 4.9; p=0.016) groups. There was no difference between NQUAL and NQUANT groups (5.4 versus 4.9; p=0.14). In the final model, at least 2 years of postgraduate training (–1.1; 95% CI: –1.8 to –0.3; p<0.01) and CQUANT formatting (–1.3; 95% CI: –0.9 to –1.7; p<0.01) were associated with reduced likelihood.Conclusions: Formatting impacts pharmacists’ and pharmacy students’ interpretation of ADR information. CQUANT formatting and at least two years of postgraduate training improved interpretation of adverse events.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.748
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Writing centers, libraries, and medical and pharmacy schools

    • Authors: Melanie J. McGurr
      Pages: 84 - 88
      Abstract: Objective: This study investigated the existence of writing centers at medical and pharmacy schools, the location of those writing centers in a library or elsewhere, and librarians’ perceptions of how writing centers are viewed by students, faculty, and staff.Methods: A twelve-question survey was sent to libraries affiliated with a medical and pharmacy school in the United States.Results: Respondents were curious about writing centers, how they were viewed on campus, and how to start one. Overall, respondents described engagement with writing centers: 68% had a writing center on campus, 23% had a writing center in their library, and 11% had a writing center on the health sciences campus, including in the health sciences library. No respondents reported hearing negative comments from faculty or students about the writing centers, and 60% of respondents with writing centers that were available to medical and pharmacy students would recommend one to health sciences libraries without access to a writing center.Conclusion: This exploratory study showed that the establishment of writing centers in health sciences libraries is a topic of interest. Future studies could further investigate health sciences libraries’ roles in writing centers for pharmacy, medical, and other health sciences students.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.714
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Burnout among medical and health sciences information professionals who
           support systematic reviews: an exploratory study

    • Authors: Michelle R. Demetres, Drew N. Wright, Antonio P. DeRosa
      Pages: 89 - 97
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this exploratory study was to assess personal, work-related, and client-related burnout among information professionals who support systematic review (SR) work.Methods: The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, a validated tool for assessing burnout, was administered to information professionals who support SR work. A broad range of health sciences or medical librarians and information professionals were targeted via professional email discussion lists and news outlets. Questionnaire responses were captured electronically using Qualtrics Survey Software and quantitatively analyzed.Results: Respondents experienced an average personal burnout score of 48.6, work-related score of 46.4, and client-related score of 32.5 out of 100. Respondents who reported spending >80% of their job duties on SR work had significantly lower personal burnout scores than those who reported spending <10% of their job duties on SR work (average, 31.5 versus 50.9, respectively). Also, respondents who reported using an SR support tool had significantly lower personal burnout scores than those who reported sometimes using a tool (average, 43.7 versus 54.7, respectively).Conclusion: The results suggest that information professionals who dedicate more time to SR work or who consistently use an SR support tool experience less burnout. This study provides groundwork for further investigation with the aim of developing approaches to prevent or combat SR-related burnout among information professionals.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.665
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • The Scholarship Circle: an introduction to writing for publication for
           nursing faculty

    • Authors: Kerry Dhakal, Joni Tornwall
      Pages: 98 - 105
      Abstract: Background: This case report describes a collaborative effort between a health sciences librarian and an instructional designer to create and implement a writing professional development experience called the Scholarship Circle. It was aimed at increasing scholarly productivity by junior and nontenure-track faculty in a college of nursing.Case Presentation: The Scholarship Circle activities were carried out in a synchronous and an asynchronous online environment over ten weeks and included weekly lectures from nurse-scholars, discussions and peer reviews, and writing support from the librarian. The Scholarship Circle designers surveyed participants before and after the course to explore faculty perceptions and conducted a bibliographic analysis to gauge increases in scholarly productivity.Conclusions: While both tenure-track and nontenure-track faculty perceived lack of time as a significant barrier to publication, only nontenure-track faculty perceived lack of writing experience and getting started as significant obstacles. In the two years following the Scholarship Circle, faculty with doctor of philosophy and doctor of education degrees produced the greatest number of scholarly publications, whereas faculty with other degrees demonstrated a modest increase in scholarship. Online writing support programs have the potential to positively impact scholarly productivity for junior and nontenure-track faculty, especially if they emphasize time management for writing, confidence-building strategies, and a flexible format that allows peer review and collaboration as well as participation by seasoned scholars and remote participants. Partnership between health sciences librarians and instructional designers is key to the successful design and implementation of writing support programs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.685
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Benefits of a joint health sciences practicum for students in library and
           information sciences: a case report

    • Authors: Rebecca Raszewski, Jonna Peterson
      Pages: 106 - 112
      Abstract: Background: A joint practicum gives library and information science (LIS) students the opportunity to compare two health sciences libraries’ structures and workflows. The goal of this case report is to describe how a joint health sciences practicum can help LIS students and recent graduates develop skills that may be beneficial for their future positions in health sciences or other libraries.Case Presentation: Six participants in a joint health sciences library practicum underwent two interviews: the first interview focused on their practicum experiences, and the second interview sought to determine whether the participants had found employment and were using any skills in their new positions that they acquired during their practicums. Participants gave mostly positive feedback regarding their practicum experiences and expressed openness to applying for health sciences library positions. Although the participants who found employment did not work in health sciences libraries, their practicum projects served as supporting materials for their job applications, and they were using the skills they had gained from their practicums in their new positions.Conclusions: While most joint practicum participants were not working in a health sciences library, the practicum was beneficial to their new careers. This case report highlights that a joint health sciences practicum program can be beneficial in showing LIS students different approaches to health sciences librarianship.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.720
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Preserving osteopathic antiquity through historical pamphlets and

    • Authors: Lori Ann Fitterling, Robyn Oro
      Pages: 113 - 117
      Abstract: During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, osteopathic information was circulated by way of pamphlets and postcards. Several osteopathic historical pamphlets and postcards from the D’Angelo Library collection have been researched and digitized in order to preserve these osteopathic artifacts and highlight their historical significance for the current profession.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.876
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Redundancy of terms is not an error but plays a positive role in composing
           search strategies

    • Authors: Jan W. Schoones
      Pages: 118 - 119
      Abstract: Comment on Salvador-Oliván JA, Marco-Cuenca G, Arquero-Avilés R. Errors in search strategies used in systematic reviews and their effects on information retrieval. J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Apr;107(2):210–21.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Response to “Redundancy of terms is not an error but plays a positive
           role in composing search strategies”

    • Authors: Jose Antonio Salvador-Olivan, Gonzalo Marco-Cuenca, Rosario Arquero-Avilés
      Pages: 120 - 121
      Abstract: Response to Schoones J. Redundancy of terms is not an error but plays a positive role in composing search strategies [letter to the editor]. J Med Libr Assoc. 2020 Jan;108(1):118–9.
      DOI : on Salvador-Oliván JA, Marco-Cuenca G, Arquero-Avilés R. Errors in search strategies used in systematic reviews and their effects on information retrieval. J Med Libr Assoc. 2019 Apr;107(2):210–21.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • A passion for the profession: a festschrift honoring Erich Meyerhoff

    • Authors: J. Michael Homan
      Pages: 122 - 123
      Abstract: An introduction to a series of essays honoring Erich Meyerhoff (1919–2015), AHIP, FMLA, who was active in and contributed to the Medical Library Association for generations.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.845
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Erich Meyerhoff: a man for all medical librarians

    • Authors: Judith Messerle, Lucretia W. McClure
      Pages: 124 - 126
      Abstract: Erich Meyerhoff—recipient of the Marcia C. Noyes Award, Janet Doe Lecturer, and Fellow—was one of the Medical Library Association’s (MLA’s) most illustrious members who contributed to the welfare of MLA and its members throughout his long life. The authors review his life and significant contributions to the health sciences library profession. Erich was a friend and mentor to countless medical librarians and was truly a man for all medical librarians.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.873
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Library resource sharing and the Medical Library Center of New York

    • Authors: Patricia E. Gallagher
      Pages: 127 - 130
      Abstract: The creation of the Medical Library Center of New York (MLCNY) was a significant contribution to the history of health sciences librarianship as a model for cooperative, democratic, and practical solutions to the issues of storage and resource sharing. The MLCNY’s founding director, Erich Meyerhoff, was a key figure in the successful start-up and ongoing operations of the center, which operated from 1960–2003 and served the greater New York area and beyond. This essay traces the evolution of the center including the creation of the Union Catalog of Medical Periodicals and the demise of the center occasioned by changes in scholarly publishing, technology, and constituent needs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.854
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Democratic librarianship: the role of the medical library in promoting
           democracy and social justice

    • Authors: Elaine Russo Martin
      Pages: 131 - 136
      Abstract: Evidence suggests that Erich Meyerhoff was one of the first practitioners of democratic librarianship throughout his long and productive life. This essay defines democratic librarianship in the context of democratic ideals and social justice and posits actions that the profession should be taking to thrive and lead in a multicultural environment, including being a place for active engagement, crucial conversations, and debate. Democratic librarianship is broader than social justice but incorporates social justice ideals in promoting a socially just and democratic society.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.852
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • The tenth Janet Doe Lecture, a forty-year perspective: still relevant
           after all these years

    • Authors: Wayne J. Peay, Helen-Ann Brown Epstein
      Pages: 137 - 142
      Abstract: Erich Meyerhoff was an academic health sciences librarian and a distinguished member of the Medical Library Association when he was invited to present the Janet Doe Lecture in 1977. His lecture on the state of the association is considered one of the finest Doe lectures and is still relevant more than forty years later, not only from an historical perspective, but also for his projections for the future and his prescient comments about the future of hospital librarianship and the important role of women in the association. Key 1977 Doe lecture topics are reviewed and updated in the context of the current health sciences library environment.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.864
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Medical history: as it was; as it will be

    • Authors: Stephen J. Greenberg
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: Born shortly after World War I in 1919 and living through multiple wars, conflicts, and cultural changes in his ninety-six years, Erich Meyerhoff remained a student of history throughout his long life. He regularly attended the annual meetings of the American Association for the History of Medicine and other history groups such as the Medical Library Association’s History of the Health Sciences well into his nineties. This essay traces how the field of history and historical methods changed during Erich’s life and suggests that he saw history and librarianship as a means for achieving social justice and social equity.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.850
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Anti/Vax: Reframing the Vaccination Controversy

    • Authors: Claire B. Joseph
      Pages: 147 - 148
      Abstract: Anti/Vax: Reframing the Vaccination Controversy cogently examines the antivaccine controversy by examining the epistemological, social, and cultural elements that shape the debate.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.826
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Foundations of Information Ethics

    • Authors: Gerald Natal
      Pages: 149 - 150
      Abstract: Foundations of Information Ethics packs a large amount of thought-provoking material in the 135 pages of the main sections of the book. The authors raise big questions concerning trust, limits, and the extent to which a society is willing trade freedoms for services.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.829
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • From Reading to Healing: Teaching Medical Professionalism through

    • Authors: Eleanor Shanklin Truex
      Pages: 151 - 152
      Abstract: This well-organized anthology describes a variety of pedagogic scenarios designed to explore the concept of professionalism that can be incorporated into medical school or any health sciences curriculum.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.827
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Transforming Health Sciences Library Spaces

    • Authors: Martha F. Earl
      Pages: 153 - 154
      Abstract: Any health sciences library concerned with space reductions, wanting to change the value of physical spaces, or reviewing the literature on these topics can begin with Transforming Health Sciences Library Spaces.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.828
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Complete Anatomy

    • Authors: Sara K. Motsinger
      Pages: 155 - 157
      Abstract: Complete Anatomy is a 3D anatomy platform created by 3D4Medical, which has been developing medical products since 2009. It is a platform used by students, educators, medical professionals, and institutions and has more than one million users for its interactive anatomy models, clinical video animations, and virtual dissection tools.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.853
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • PolicyMap

    • Authors: David Farris
      Pages: 158 - 160
      Abstract: PolicyMap is an online geographic information system (GIS) mapping tool that aggregates many types of data for users to create maps and reports for research, grant applications, health policy, market surveys, and other applications. Currently, it incorporates over 37,000 data indicators from more than 150 public and private agencies to power the platform. Although the data are amassed from many different sources, they are cleaned and normalized to reduce redundancy and maintain integrity. In addition to federal, state, and local governments, PolicyMap is used by educational institutions, foundations, nonprofit organizations, and health care systems to help make impactful decisions.
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      DOI: 10.5195/jmla.2020.858
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
  • Correction to “Announcing the Journal of the Medical Library
           Association’s data sharing policy” on 107(4) July, pages 470 and 471.

    • Authors: Katherine G. Akers
      First page: 161
      Abstract: Corrects a missing acknowledgment to the National Library of Medicine (NLM), National Institutes of Health, from authors Liz Amos and Lisa Federer and author Lisa Federer’s affiliation in “Announcing the Journal of the Medical Library Association’s data sharing policy” on 107(4) July, pages 470 and 471.
      DOI :
      PubDate: 2020-01-02
      Issue No: Vol. 108, No. 1 (2020)
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