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Information Technology and Libraries
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.637
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 562  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0730-9295 - ISSN (Online) 2163-5226
Published by Boston College Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Letter from the Editor (December 2018)

    • Authors: Kenneth J. Varnum
      First page: 1
      Abstract: As 2018 draws to a close, we have our last retrospective look at ITAL's past, and announce a new feature for the future.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10852
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • President’s Message: Imagination and Structure in Times of Change

    • Authors: Bohyun Kim
      Pages: 2 - 4
      Abstract: A report on the work of the Steering Committee investigating the proposed merger of LITA with ALCTS (Association for Library Collections and Technical Services) and LLAMA (Library Leadership and Management Association) and the four working groups.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10850
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • Critical Technology

    • Authors: Cinthya Ippoliti
      Pages: 5 - 8
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10810
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • Information Technology and Libraries at 50: The 1990s in Review

    • Authors: Steven K. Bowers
      Pages: 9 - 14
      Abstract: A review of articles published in Information Technology and Libraries in the 1990s and what libraries were working on at that time.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10821
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • Gaps in IT and Library Services at Small Academic Libraries in Canada

    • Authors: Jasmine Hoover
      Pages: 15 - 26
      Abstract: Modern academic libraries are hubs of technology, yet the gap between the library and IT is an issue at several small university libraries across Canada that can inhibit innovation and lead to diminished student experience. This paper outlines results of a survey of small (<5,000 FTE) universities in Canada, focusing on IT and the library when it comes to organizational structure, staffing, and location. It then discusses higher level as well as smaller scale solutions to this issue.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10596
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • The Benefits of Enterprise Architecture for Library Technology Management:
           An Exploratory Case Study

    • Authors: Sam Searle
      Pages: 27 - 46
      Abstract: This case study describes how librarians and enterprise architects at an Australian university worked together to document key components of the Library’s “as-is” enterprise architecture (EA). The article covers the rationale for conducting this activity, how work was scoped, the processes used, and the outputs delivered. The author discusses the short-term benefits of undertaking this work, with practical examples of how outputs from this process are being used to better plan future library system replacements, upgrades, and enhancements. Longer-term benefits may also accrue in the future as the results of this architecture work inform the Library’s IT planning and strategic procurement. This article has implications for practice for library technology specialists as it validates views from other practitioners on the benefits for libraries in adopting enterprise architecture methods and for librarians in working alongside enterprise architects within their organizations.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10437
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • An Overview of the Current State of Linked and Open Data in Cataloging

    • Authors: Irfan Ullah, Shah Khusro, Asim Ullah, Muhammad Naeem
      Pages: 47 - 80
      Abstract: Linked Open Data (LOD) is a core Semantic Web technology that makes knowledge and information spaces of different knowledge domains manageable, reusable, shareable, exchangeable, and interoperable. The LOD approach achieves this through the provision of services for describing, indexing, organizing, and retrievingknowledge artifacts and making them available for quick consumption and publication. Thisis also alignedwith the role and objective of traditional library cataloging. Owing to this link, majorlibraries of the world are transferring their bibliographic metadata to the LOD landscape. Some developments in this direction include the replacement of Anglo-American Cataloging Rules 2nd Edition by the Resource Description and Access (RDA) and the trend towards the wideradoption of BIBFRAME 2.0. An interestingand related development in this respect arethe discussions among knowledge resources managers and library community on the possibility of enriching bibliographic metadata with socially curated or user-generated content. The popularity of Linked Open Data and its benefit to librarians and knowledge management professionals warrant a comprehensive survey of the subject. Althoughseveral reviews and survey articles on the application of Linked Data principles to cataloging have appeared in literature, a generic yet holistic review of the current state of Linked and Open Data in cataloging is missing. To fill the gap, the authors have collected recent literature (2014–18) on the current state of Linked Open Data in cataloging to identify research trends, challenges, and opportunities in this area and, in addition, to understand the potential of socially curated metadata in cataloging mainlyin the realm of the Web of Data. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this review article is the first of its kind that holistically treats the subject of cataloging in the Linked and Open Data environment. Some of the findings of the review are: Linked and Open Data is becoming the mainstream trend in library cataloging especially in the major libraries and research projects of the world; with the emergence of Linked Open Vocabularies (LOV), the bibliographic metadata is becoming more meaningful and reusable; and, finally, enriching bibliographic metadata with user-generated content is gaining momentum.Conclusions drawn from the study include the need for a focus on the quality of catalogued knowledge and the reduction of the barriers to the publication and consumption of such knowledge, and the attention on the part of library community to the learning from the successful adoption of LOD in other application domains and contributing collaboratively to the global scale activity of cataloging.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10432
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • The “Black Box”: How Students Use a Single Search Box to
           Search for Music Materials

    • Authors: Kirstin Dougan
      Pages: 81 - 106
      Abstract: Given the inherent challenges music materials present to systems and searchers (formats, title forms and languages, and the presence of additional metadata such as work numbers and keys), it is reasonable that those searching for music develop distinctive search habits compared to patrons in other subject areas. This study uses transaction log analysis of the music and performing arts module of a library’s federated discovery tool to determine how patrons search for music materials. It also makes a top-level comparison of searches done using other broadly defined subject disciplines’ modules in the same discovery tool. It seeks to determine, to the extent possible, whether users in each group have different search behaviors in this search environment. The study also looks more closely at searches in the music module to identify other search characteristics such as type of search conducted, use of advanced search techniques, and any other patterns of search behavior.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10702
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • Application Level Security in a Public Library: A Case Study

    • Authors: Richard Thomchick, Tonia San Nicolas-Rocca
      Pages: 107 - 118
      Abstract: Libraries have historically made great efforts to ensure the confidentiality of patron personally identifiable information (PII), but the rapid, widespread adoption of information technology and the internet have given rise to new privacy and security challenges. Hypertext Transport Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a form of Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP) that enables secure communication over the public internet and provides a deterministic way to guarantee data confidentiality so that attackers cannot eavesdrop on communications. HTTPS has been used to protect sensitive information exchanges, but security exploits such as passive and active attacks have exposed the need to implement HTTPS in a more rigorous and pervasive manner. This report is intended to shed light on the state of HTTPS implementation in libraries, and to suggest ways in which libraries can evaluate and improve application security so that they can better protect the confidentiality of PII about library patrons.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.10405
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
  • A Technology-Dependent Information Literacy Model within the Confines of a
           Limited Resources Environment

    • Authors: Ibrahim Abunadi
      Pages: 119 - 135
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate information literacy as an increasingly evolving trend in computer education. A quantitative research design was implemented, and a longitudinal case study methodology was conducted to measure tendencies in information literacy skill development and to develop a practical information literacy model. It was found that both students and educators believe that the combination of information literacy with a learning management system is more effective in increasing information literacy and research skills where information resources are limited. Based on the quantitative study, a practical, technology-dependent information literacy model was developed and tested in a case study, resulting in fostering the information literacy skills of students who majored in information systems. These results are especially important in smaller universities with libraries having limited technology capabilities, located in developing countries.
      PubDate: 2018-12-17
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i4.9750
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 4 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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