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Information Technology and Libraries
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.637
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 442  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0730-9295 - ISSN (Online) 2163-5226
Published by Boston College Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Letter from the Editor (September 2018)

    • Authors: Kenneth J. Varnum
      First page: 1
      Abstract: This September 2018 issue of ITAL continues our celebration of the journal’s 50thanniversary with a column by former Editorial Board member Mark Dehmlow, who highlights the technological changes beginning to stir the library world in the 1980s. The seeds of change planted in the 1970s are germinating, but the explosive growth of the 1990s is still a few years away.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10747
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • President’s Message: Rebuilding Our Identity, Together

    • Authors: Bohyun Kim
      Pages: 2 - 4
      Abstract: This is the President's meessage column from LITA President Bohyun Kim regarding the current discussion of forming a new division from LITA, ALCTS, and LLAMA that embraces the breakdown of silos and positive risk-taking to better collaborate and move our profession forward.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10703
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Getting to Yes: Stakeholder Buy-In for Implementing Emerging Technologies
           in Your Library

    • Authors: Ida Arlene Joiner
      Pages: 5 - 7
      Abstract: Have you ever wanted to implement new technologies in your library or resource center such as (drones, robotics, artificial intelligence, augmented/virtual reality/mixed reality, 3D printing, wearable technology, and others) and presented your suggestions to your stakeholders (board members, directors, managers, and other decision makers) only to be rejected based on “there isn’t enough money in the budget,” or “no one is going to use the technology,” or “we like things the way that they are,” then this column is for you.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10746
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Information Technology and Libraries at 50: The 1980s in Review

    • Authors: Mark Dehmlow
      Pages: 8 - 11
      Abstract: A retrospective review of the 1980s issues of the Journal of Library Automation and Information Technology and Libraries.  Includes some commentary about the past and how it relates to the present in the area of library technology.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10749
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Enhancing Visibility of Vendor Accessibility Documentation

    • Authors: Samuel Kent Willis, Faye O'Reilly
      Pages: 12 - 28
      Abstract: With higher education increasingly being online or having online components, it is important to ensure that online materials are accessible for persons with print and other disabilities. Library-related research has focused on the need for academic libraries to have accessible websites, in part to reach patrons who are participating in distance-education programs. A key component of a library’s website, however, is the materials it avails to patrons through vendor platforms outside the direct control of the library, making it more involved to address accessibility concerns. Librarians must communicate the need for accessible digital files to vendors so they will prioritize it. In much the same way as contracted workers constructing a physical space for a federal or federally funded agency must follow ADA standards for accessibility, so software vendors should be required to design virtual spaces to be accessible. A main objective of this study was to determine a method of increasing the visibility of vendor accessibility documentation for the benefit of our users. It is important that we, as service providers for the public good, act as a bridge between vendors and the patrons we serve.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10240
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Efficiently Processing and Storing Library Linked Data using Apache Spark
           and Parquet

    • Authors: Kumar Sharma, Ujjal Marjit, Utpal Biswas
      Pages: 29 - 49
      Abstract: Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a commonly used data model in the Semantic Web environment. Libraries and various other communities have been using the RDF data model to store valuable data after it is extracted from traditional storage systems. However, because of the large volume of the data, processing and storing it is becoming a nightmare for traditional data-management tools. This challenge demands a scalable and distributed system that can manage data in parallel. In this article, a distributed solution is proposed for efficiently processing and storing the large volume of library linked data stored in traditional storage systems. Apache Spark is used for parallel processing of large data sets and a column-oriented schema is proposed for storing RDF data. The storage system is built on top of Hadoop Distributed File Systems (HDFS) and uses the Apache Parquet format to store data in a compressed form. The experimental evaluation showed that storage requirements were reduced significantly as compared to Jena TDB, Sesame, RDF/XML, and N-Triples file formats. SPARQL queries are processed using Spark SQL to query the compressed data. The experimental evaluation showed a good query response time, which significantly reduces as the number of worker nodes increases.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10177
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Open Access Citation Advantage: Does It Exist and What Does It Mean
           for Libraries'

    • Authors: Colby Lil Lewis
      Pages: 50 - 65
      Abstract: The last literature review of research on the existence of an Open Access Citation Advantage (OACA) was published in 2011 by Philip M. Davis and William H. Walters. This paper reexamines the conclusions reached by Davis and Walters by providing a critical review of OACA literature that has been published 2011, and explores how increases in OA publication trends could serve as a leveraging tool for libraries against the high costs of journal subscriptions.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10604
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Of the People for the People: Digital Literature Resource Knowledge
           Recommendation Based on User Cognition

    • Authors: Wen Lou, Hui Wang, Jiangen He
      Pages: 66 - 83
      Abstract: We attempt to improve user satisfaction with the effects of retrieval results and visual appearance by employing users’ own information. User feedback on digital platforms has been proven to be one type of user cognition. Through conducting a digital literature resource organization model based on user cognition, our proposal improves both the content and presentation of retrieval systems. This paper takes Powell's City of Books as an example to describe the construction process of a knowledge network. The model consists of two parts. In the unstructured data part, synopses and reviews were recorded as representatives of user cognition. To build the resource category, linguistic and semantic analyses were used to analyze the concepts and the relationships among them. In the structural data part, the metadata of every book was linked with each other by informetrics relationships. The semantic resource was constructed to assist with building the knowledge network. We conducted a mock-up to compare the new category and knowledge-recommendation system with the current retrieval system. Thirty-nine subjects examined our mock-up and highly valued the differences we made for the improvements in retrieval and appearance. Knowledge recommendation based on user cognition was tested to be positive based on user feedback. There could be more research objects for digital resource knowledge recommendations based on user cognition.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10060
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • PAL: Toward a Recommendation System for Manuscripts

    • Authors: Scott Ziegler, Richard Shrake
      Pages: 84 - 98
      Abstract: Book-recommendation systems are increasingly common, from Amazon to public library interfaces. However, for archives and special collections, such automated assistance has been rare. This is partly due to the complexity of descriptions (finding aids describing whole collections) and partly due to the complexity of the collections themselves (what is this collection about and how is it related to another collection'). The American Philosophical Society Library is using circulation data collected through the collection-management software package, Aeon, to automate recommendations. In our system, which we’re calling PAL (People Also Liked), recommendations are offered in two ways: based on interests (“You’re interested in X, other people interested in X looked at these collections”) and on specific requests (“You’ve looked at Y, other people who looked at Y also looked that these collections”). This article will discuss the development of PAL and plans for the system. We will also discuss ongoing concerns and issues, how patron privacy is protected, and the possibility of generalizing beyond any specific software solution. 
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10357
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
  • Library Space Information Model Based on GIS — A Case Study of
           Shanghai Jiao Tong University

    • Authors: Yaqi Shen
      Pages: 99 - 110
      Abstract: In this paper, a library-space information model (LSIM) based on a geographical information system (GIS) was built to visually show the bookshelf location of each book through the display interface of various terminals. Taking Shanghai Jiao Tong University library as an example, both spatial information and attribute information were integrated into the model. In the spatial information, the reading room layout, bookshelves, reference desks, and so on were constructed with different attributes. The bookshelf layer was the key attribute of the bookshelves, and each book was linked to one bookshelf layer. Through the field of bookshelf layer, the book in the query system can be connected with the bookshelf-layer information of the LSIM. With the help of this model, readers can search books visually in the query system and find the books’ positions accurately. It can also be used in the inquiry of special-collection resources. Additionally, librarians can use this model to analyze books’ circulation status, and books with similar subjects that are frequently circulated can be recommended to readers. The library’s permanent assets (chairs, tables, etc.) could be managed visually in the model. This paper used GIS as a tool to solve the problem of accurate positioning, simultaneously providing better services for readers and realizing visual management of books for librarians.
      PubDate: 2018-09-26
      DOI: 10.6017/ital.v37i3.10308
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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