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Journal of Criminal Psychology
Number of Followers: 161  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2009-3829 - ISSN (Online) 2049-9388
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  • Overkill, we know it when we see it: examining definitions of excessive
           injury in homicide research
    • Pages: 61 - 74
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 9, Issue 2, Page 61-74, April 2019.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how the term “overkill” is used in the homicide literature to identify definitional issues that may interfere with reliable data coding across studies. This preliminary examination of the concept can guide future studies seeking to develop a standard definition. Design/methodology/approach To identify issues inherent in the term “overkill,” three definitions – ranging from broad and unclear to more specific and objective – were extracted or adapted from the existing literature. Using closed, homicide case files, nine coders were tasked with coding for the presence of overkill according to one of the definitions across two rounds of coding. Definitional components that made the coding of overkill difficult were identified using a qualitative sorting task to separate items into themes that represented similar issues; basic inter-rater agreement patterns were examined using pairwise percent agreement. Findings Based on coder feedback, two problems were identified: conceptual issues with the definitions and logistical issues with coding. However, feedback also suggested that increasing the objectivity of the overkill definition led coders to feel the intended meaning of the term was lost. Two out of three groups showed an increase in coder agreement between the two phases of data collection, illustrating how increased training is useful in certain situations. Originality/value This study is the first in-depth methodological and empirical examination of how the term “overkill” has been operationalized in the literature, raises key questions that may help with more clearly coding this variable, and outlines issues that may add difficulty to the development of a standard definition.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2019-03-21T12:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-09-2018-0040
       
  • The role of emotional resilience, childhood parentification, and
           attachment style on antisocial behaviour in adulthood: a comparison of an
           offender and normative population
    • Pages: 75 - 87
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 9, Issue 2, Page 75-87, April 2019.
      Purpose Despite a robust link between poor caregiver attachment and antisociality, few studies have examined the influence of parentification and emotional resilience on delinquency in later life, in groups at differing risk for antisocial conduct. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach This pilot study compared the influence of parentification, attachment style (avoidance or anxious) and emotional resilience on adulthood antisocial behaviour in an offender and normative sample. Of the 137 participants in this study, 66 were supervised by the National Probation Service (age M=36.90, SD=13.91), and 71 were recruited from community-dwelling and student populations (age M=31.83, SD=13.25). Findings In partial support of the predictions, participants in the offender group reported significantly greater levels of attachment anxiety compared to the normative group. However, emotional resilience was positively associated with antisociality in the normative sample. Research limitations/implications This small-scale investigation indicates value in exploring these specific variables in a larger, matched samples study, to enable clearer comparisons to be made between offender and normative groups. Practical implications The preliminary findings suggest that attachment anxiety is associated with antisociality in offender populations, which indicate a therapeutic focus on attachment anxiety as part of correctional care and offender rehabilitation. Originality/value This study is novel in its aim to examine the influence of childhood parentification, attachment deficits and emotional resilience on adulthood antisociality in participants from a high-risk offender sample and non-high-risk normative sample.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2019-04-02T12:52:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-08-2018-0035
       
  • Investigative decision-making: interviews with detectives
    • Pages: 88 - 107
      Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Volume 9, Issue 2, Page 88-107, April 2019.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore investigative decision-making processes in the context of major crimes as experienced by the law enforcement agents. Design/methodology/approach Episodic interviews were conducted with six agents from medium-sized police forces in the UK. Following the framework of naturalistic inquiry, qualitative content analysis took place with the assistance of Atlas.ti software. To ensure the validity of findings, the within method triangulation was preferred, by additionally analysing the interview transcripts with Alceste. Findings Findings from this study revealed a variety of internal factors at play, shaping the decision-making course into an act of balancing various desired goals. Detectives appear to assess a situation based on their experiences confirming that the naturalistic decision-making model may assist in understanding investigative decision-making. Research limitations/implications Due to the busy schedule of law enforcement agents the number of participants was limited and availability difficult; therefore, this study can be thought of as a pilot study that will inspire researchers to use the same method for in-depth understanding of investigative decision-making. Practical implications Results captured the ill-defined goals in the police environment and provided ways of decreasing their impact on investigative decision-making thus should help detectives to understand their decision-making limitations and strengths. Social implications This project will enhance the psychological understanding of investigative decision-making. Originality/value This project assists in understanding the psychological aspect of investigative decision-making during police duty and provides the opportunity to law enforcement agents to re-evaluate situations in order to improve the investigative decision-making process; while adds to existing literature.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2019-04-26T10:07:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-02-2018-0005
       
  • Professional and peer support preferences for women who self-harm in
           custody
    • Abstract: Journal of Criminal Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose Peer and professional support are important for women in prison to help them tackle a range of issues including self-harm. To date, research has not explored in any depth how women experience peer support provided in prison to help them manage their self-harm including peer support provided through the Listeners Scheme. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach This was a case study in one women’s prison employing mixed, qualitative methods. These included a questionnaire distributed to women and staff, a focus group with prison listeners, semi-structured interviews with women who self-harmed and semi-structured interviews with prison staff, together with a series of observations in the prison site. Findings While women in prison welcomed both professional and peer support their support preferences were influenced by how serious women considered their self-harm to be and the degree to which they regarded their relationships with staff as trusting and/or supportive. The therapeutic community (TC) that operated in the prison facilitated different relationships between women who self-harmed in prison and staff, than have hitherto been reported in the research literature. These relationships described by women and staff as “more open” allowed women to seek staff support when managing their self-harm behaviours. Women sought peer support from listeners in addition to staff support particularly at times when staff were unavailable for example at evenings and weekends. Research limitations/implications The case study design was conducted in one women’s prison which operated a TC. The principles of the TC that operated in the prison are supported by the wider literature on TCs as conducive to good mental health. Findings are thus relevant for establishments with TCs . Originality/value Women opted for support from staff for helping them to manage their severe self-harm, over and above the peer support available through the prison Listener Scheme. This finding contrasts with previous research that suggests women trying to manage their self-harm in prison prioritise support from their peers because staff are often found to harbour unhelpful attitudes to women’s self-harm that makes seeking support difficult.
      Citation: Journal of Criminal Psychology
      PubDate: 2019-06-28T12:02:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/JCP-12-2018-0049
       
 
 
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