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Journal of Management & Organization
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.543
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 341  
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ISSN (Print) 1833-3672 - ISSN (Online) 1839-3527
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • Unsophisticated and naive' Fragmenting monolithic understandings of
    • Authors: Jawad Syed; Edwina Pio, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 599 - 611
      Abstract: Mainstream academic literature and media use the word ‘Islam’ or ‘Muslim’ in a monolithic manner that implies internal homogeneity. However, the Islamic faith is subject to multiple interpretations, with multiple types of Muslims who practice Islam based on their ideological interpretations, sect, ethnicity and gender. Drawing on a review of literatures on Islam and Muslims from diverse fields such as religion, gender, diversity and extremism, we present a taxonomy of different types of Muslims, and highlight implications for management, organizations and governance. We trace ideological sources of divergence among variants of Islam and analyze how certain doctrinal and jurisprudential associations may reflect intolerance and extremism.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2018.55
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • The diversity of professional Canadian Muslim women: Faith, agency, and
           ‘performing’ identity
    • Authors: Ruby Latif; Wendy Cukier, Suzanne Gagnon, Radia Chraibi, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 612 - 633
      Abstract: This article examines how identities are constructed and performed by a sample of Muslim women in the Canadian workplace. This research will provide new insights on how Muslim women disclose or ‘perform’ their identities in different contexts. This study will build upon previous research on identity construction of ethnic minorities in the workplace and intersectionality and the workplace experiences of Muslim women by conducting interviews with 23 professional Muslim women in Canada. The findings have important implications for understanding Muslim women’s identity work in broader contexts of discrimination, as well as accommodation and inclusion in organizations.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2018.18
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • Contextualizing comprehensive board diversity and firm financial
           performance: Integrating market, management and shareholder’s
    • Authors: Rohail Hassan; Maran Marimuthu, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 634 - 678
      Abstract: The study investigates demographic diversity, cognitive diversity and internal diversity within Islam among top-level management of firms and their impacts on the financial performance of Malaysian-listed companies. In addition, Muslim and non-Muslim women and Islamic religious diversity on corporate boards are investigated. Even though numerous organisations desire to be socially diverse, the significance of diversity for organisational performance remains uncertain. Are profitable companies inclined to improve board diversity or do other characteristics of the company contribute to firm performance' Does the participation of Muslim and non-Muslim women on corporate boards affect firm performance' Does internal diversity within Islam affect firm performance' Data from 330 Malaysian-listed companies in eleven full fledged sectors were used for the period from 2009 to 2013. This study employed econometrics methodology from panel data analysis to fill the research gap in the current management literature. This study used the interaction approach to examine empirically diverse corporate boards and their impacts on firm performance. This discussion included: (1) a combination of gender diversity and ethnic diversity and (2) a combination of gender diversity and foreign participation. The findings suggest that demographic, cognitive and internal diversity within Islam are significant predictors of a firm’s financial performance. Ethnic women on boards have a significant and negative impact on firm performance. Hence, companies having high profits are more accountable for encouraging diversity among top-level management.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2018.10
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • ‘Good Muslim women’ at work: An Islamic and postcolonial
           perspective on ethnic privilege
    • Authors: Faiza Ali; Jawad Syed, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 679 - 697
      Abstract: Within sparse studies available on ethnic privilege at work, the emphasis is dominantly on ethnic privileges available to white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant, heterosexual men and to a lesser extent white women. This paper presents and develops an Islamic and postcolonial perspective on ethnic privilege, which is unique not only due to contextual and cultural differences but also due to its postcolonial nature and composition. By postcolonial, the paper refers to cultural legacies of Arab colonialism and ideology in South Asia and elsewhere. Drawing on a qualitative study of Muslim female employees in Pakistan, the paper shows that religio-ethnic privilege represents postcolonial influences of a foreign (Arab-Salafi, ultra-orthodox Islamist) culture on a (non-Arab Muslim) society, and as such does not represent ethnic norms of a local mainstream society. The paper investigates the case of religio-ethnic privilege and female employment in Pakistan and examines how a foreign-influenced stereotype of female modesty is used to benchmark and preferentially treat ‘good Muslim women.’ The analysis shows that an Islamic and postcolonial lens may be needed to understand the nature and implications of religio-ethnic privilege at work in Muslim majority countries and societies.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2018.22
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • Entrepreneurship as worship: A Malay Muslim perspective
    • Authors: Farhana Sidek; Kathryn Pavlovich, Jenny Gibb, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 698 - 710
      Abstract: While Islam is the second largest religion in the world with 1.6 billion Muslims, there are variations in the interpretations of that law (i.e., Sharia). This diversity and variation may hold the key in explaining the different behaviours among Muslim entrepreneurs because of their views on the concept of work as worship. In this study, we examine how Malay entrepreneurs are guided in their sourcing and shaping of entrepreneurial opportunities through Shafii practice. Our contributions include identifying five central values that guided the participant’s sourcing of opportunities: Fardhu Kifayah (communal obligation), Wasatiyyah (balanced), Dakwah1 (the call of joining the good and forbidding the bad), Amanah (trust), and Barakah (blessings). We also contribute to the entrepreneurship literature by demonstrating how these macro-level values of worship gave the entrepreneurs confidence in creating their new ventures.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2018.13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • Diversity and creativity in cross-national teams: The role of team
           knowledge sharing and inclusive climate
    • Authors: Ali Ahmad Bodla; Ningyu Tang, Wan Jiang, Longwei Tian, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 711 - 729
      Abstract: Diversity literature has demonstrated negative effects of surface-level diversity and positive effects of deep-level diversity. How do two types of diversity among cross national team members influence team knowledge sharing and team creativity' The purpose of this study is to explore conditions that leverage the positive and restrain the negative effects of team diversity on team knowledge sharing, which leads to team creativity. We expect inclusive climate as the significant condition and knowledge sharing as the profound intervening mechanism between team diversity and team creativity relationship. We tested the hypotheses with data from a sample of 60 cross-national research teams from several universities in China. The results support the hypothesized relationships among inclusive climate, team knowledge sharing, and team creativity. Our findings contribute to the advancement of team diversity and team creativity literature, and their theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2016.34
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • Ability–motivation–opportunity enhancing human resource practices and
           firm performance: Evidence from India
    • Authors: Subhash C. Kundu; Neha Gahlawat, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 730 - 747
      Abstract: This study investigates the diverse performance outcomes related to the bundles/components of high-performance work systems on the basis of ability–motivation–opportunity model. Using the primary data from 563 employees of 204 firms operating in India (collected during the time period between March, 2012 and January, 2013), the study has indicated that employees’ perceptions regarding the applicability of ability-enhancing, motivation-enhancing, and opportunity-enhancing human resource practices result in enhanced affective commitment and superior firm performance. The results have revealed that affective commitment fully mediates the relationship of opportunity-enhancing human resource practices with firm performance and partially mediates the relationships of ability-enhancing and motivation-enhancing human resource practices with firm performance. The study contributes in unlocking the ‘black box’ related to the high-performance work systems and firm performance relationship by stressing upon the importance of affective commitment as a mediator. Managerial implications and directions for future research are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2016.22
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
  • Effect of firm’s diverse experiences on its alliance portfolio
           diversity: Evidence from India
    • Authors: Dhirendra Mani Shukla; Amita Mital, Jawad Syed, Edwina Pio
      Pages: 748 - 772
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of diverse experiences on a firm’s alliance portfolio diversity (APD). Drawing on the organizational learning perspective, it argues that a firm’s learning from diverse experiences enables it to reap the benefits and mitigate the risks of high level of APD. Thus, an experienced firm may choose to form or maintain relationships with diverse partners to get the intended benefits of APD. In particular, the study hypothesizes that a focal firm’s product and international diversification experience, alliance experience, and alliance experience heterogeneity are positively associated with its APD. A longitudinal investigation of 90 Indian firms, for the period 2004–2014, provides support for all the hypothesized relationships. In general, findings, which are robust to multiple estimation methods, suggest that a firm’s diverse experiences influence its APD. Findings of this study contribute to the alliance portfolio and organizational learning literature by examining the experiential antecedents of APD.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/jmo.2016.26
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 5 (2018)
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