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College & Research Libraries
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.389
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 567  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0010-0870 - ISSN (Online) 2150-6701
Published by American Library Association Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Academic Knowledge Production and University Presses: Some Random Thoughts

    • Authors: Wendi Arant Kaspar
      First page: 590
      Abstract: Ever since the news about Stanford’s University Press having a catastrophic budget cut came out, I have been contemplating scholarly publishing and its purpose. Perhaps this is because the “crisis” around university presses is very similar to the rhetoric that has surrounded academic libraries since web browsers hit higher education—rhetoric that at any one time has both utopian and apocalyptic threads. As a journal editor, my interest in scholarly publishing is more than passing, although as much as I am committed to these efforts, it is not the livelihood for me that librarianship is and, as such, my stake in publishing is not a question of survival. However, as a steward of a scholarly journal, as an author of professional publications, and as an educator of information literacy and scholarly methods, I do have some thoughts I would like to share about what is happening with university presses, the impact on higher education, and on knowledge dissemination.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.590
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • A Tool for Academic Libraries to Prioritize Leadership Competencies

    • Authors: Gabrielle K.W. Wong
      First page: 597
      Abstract: As part of a research project, the author conducted a survey about Hong Kong academic librarians’ perception on leadership capabilities. The survey made use of the Leadership Competencies Model developed for the Library Leadership and Management Association (LLAMA). The results draw attention to a subset of competencies and expose perceptual differences between librarians at different leadership levels. By visualizing the data in a quadrant view, creating a leadership competency profile, the method can shed light on significant areas in leadership capabilities and trigger discussion among librarians on their understanding and assumptions about these attributes. The survey demonstrated a method that can be experimented by libraries and consortia beyond the Hong Kong sample. Such effort should eventually lead to constructive development strategies.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.597
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Library Support for Student Financial Literacy: A Survey of Librarians at
           Large Academic Institutions

    • Authors: Lauren Reiter, Bronson Ford
      First page: 618
      Abstract: Financial literacy came to the forefront as the 2013–2014 presidential focus of the Association of College & Research Libraries division of the American Library Association, bringing increased attention to the topic among academic librarians and encouraging an exploration into new and developing roles for academic libraries in financial education. Via a survey of academic librarians at large universities of more than 10,000 students, the authors seek to determine what types of financial literacy support academic libraries are providing, who is participating, what prompted the initiatives, and what are the main barriers, challenges, and opportunities.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.618
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Academic Librarians’ Experiences and Perceptions on Mental Illness
           Stigma and the Workplace

    • Authors: Erin Burns, Kristin E.C. Green
      First page: 638
      Abstract: Research has been conducted within academia about faculty members and students who have experienced mental illness from a variety of theoretical perspectives, including disability studies. While this research acknowledges that the stigma surrounding mental illness keeps people from sharing their experiences, there has not been research that focused specifically on librarians in higher education. This study sought to determine if mental illness stigma affects academic librarians and their professional environments, including teaching and providing services for students, using a survey modeled on one from the psychological literature. The responses revealed that stigma greatly influences academic librarians, particularly with regard to disclosure. An allowance for disclosure without the fear of stigmatization would not only help librarians but would also help other members of our academic communities. Sharing these survey results can begin to fill a gap that exists in the literature between librarians experiencing mental illness, the stigma that they experience because of it, and changing our academic culture.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.638
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Reframing Information Literacy as Academic Cultural Capital: A Critical
           and Equity-Based Foundation for Practice, Assessment, and Scholarship

    • Authors: Amanda L. Folk
      First page: 658
      Abstract: Within the past decade, academic librarianship has increased its focus on critical librarianship and assessing student success, as well as undergoing a complete reconceptualization of information literacy. However, our assessment and scholarship related to information literacy and student success largely neglects the persistent racial and social-class achievement gaps in American higher education. This article draws upon a critical social theory commonly used in higher education research—cultural capital—to consider the ways in which information literacy as threshold concepts may enable or constrain success for students whose identities higher education has traditionally marginalized. Finally, Estela Mara Bensimon’s equity cognitive frame is introduced to consider the ways in which we can ground our practice, assessment, and scholarship in our professional values of equity and inclusion.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.658
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Chat Reference Referral Strategies: Making a Connection, or Dropping the
           Ball'

    • Authors: Paula R. Dempsey
      First page: 674
      Abstract: The study analyzes how chat reference providers refer patrons to subject specialists in 467 interactions from two years at a university library. Qualitative analysis showed variation in how referrals are presented: as an option versus a recommendation, putting follow-up in the hands of patrons versus librarians, and apologizing versus promoting benefits. Professional librarians referred more questions to specialists, framed more referrals as benefits, and sent more transcripts (“tickets”) than graduate assistants or paraprofessionals did. Findings show correlations between patrons’ positive responses to referrals and the extent of the reference interview and positive framing of the referral, but not the attempt to assist before referring.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.674
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Do Download Reports Reliably Measure Journal Usage' Trusting the Fox
           to Count Your Hens'

    • Authors: Alex Wood-Doughty, Ted Bergstrom, Douglas G. Steigerwald
      First page: 694
      Abstract: Download rates of academic journals have joined citation counts as commonly used indicators of the value of journal subscriptions. While citations reflect worldwide influence, the value of a journal subscription to a single library is more reliably measured by the rate at which it is downloaded by local users. If reported download rates accurately measure local usage, there is a strong case for using them to compare the cost-effectiveness of journal subscriptions. We examine data for nearly 8,000 journals downloaded at the ten universities in the University of California system during a period of six years. We find that controlling for number of articles, publisher, and year of download, the ratio of downloads to citations differs substantially among academic disciplines. After adding academic disciplines to the control variables, there remain substantial “publisher effects”, with some publishers reporting significantly more downloads than would be predicted by the characteristics of their journals. These cross-publisher differences suggest that the currently available download statistics, which are supplied by publishers, are not sufficiently reliable to allow libraries to make subscription decisions based on price and reported downloads, at least without making an adjustment for publisher effects in download reports.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.694
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • A Seat at the Table: Information Literacy Assessment and Professional
           Legitimacy

    • Authors: Robert Detmering, Samantha McClellan, Amber Willenborg
      First page: 720
      Abstract: This qualitative study explores academic librarians’ perceptions of and experiences with information literacy assessment, focusing primarily on issues of professional identity, agency, and power. Findings from in-depth interviews reveal that instruction librarians view teaching as integral to their professional identity and use assessment to legitimize that identity, both personally and at the institutional level. While this suggests that assessment has the potential to elevate the status of librarians on campus, the interviews also highlight ongoing professional and organizational tensions that hinder assessment efforts and inhibit librarian agency. The authors recommend more transparent communication, among other strategies, to address these challenges.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.720
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Pushing the Margins: Women of Color and Intersectionality in LIS. Rose L.
           Chou and Annie Pho, eds. Sacramento, CA: Library Juice Press, 2018. 508p.
           Paper, $35.00 (ISBN 978-1-63400-052-9).

    • Authors: Jenny Bossaller
      First page: 738
      Abstract: Pushing the Margins: Women of Color and Intersectionality in LIS, edited by Rose L. Chou and Annie Pho, includes many different perspectives and first-hand accounts of what it is like to be a Woman of Color (WoC) in librarianship. Because the book is all about personal perspectives, I have to begin by saying that I was asked to review this book and I am not a WoC. I was hesitant because I wondered if my own perspective as a white woman would be useful, and the foreword did not make me feel any better (I don’t think that the author was writing it to make me feel better). Fobazi Ettarh explains intersectionality: “the concept of intersectionality has been expanded to the point of meaninglessness. White people love intersectionality: ‘I’m white, but I grew up working class,’ is a common refrain. They love it because it allows them to co-opt rhetoric around marginalization…[and] becomes a catch-all phrase to describe anything that makes their life uncomfortable….” Yikes—discomfort confirmed on the first page (again: not a criticism). Chou and Pho’s introduction softened the blow a bit: “Rather than focusing on individual social categories, we need to seek and challenge the power structures that enable interlocking systems of oppression” (4). The first few pages set the stage for an intentionally challenging book: one that challenges the reader to examine her or his own body, attitude, and being in relation to people of color, and to deconstruct fairness and inclusion in our library workplaces.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.738
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Emy Nelson Decker and Seth M. Porter. Engaging Design: Creating Libraries
           for Modern Users. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited, 2018. 159p.
           Paper, $70.00 (ISBN 978-1-4408-5612-9).

    • Authors: Ruth Szpunar
      First page: 739
      Abstract: In this new release from Libraries Unlimited, the authors coin the phrase “engaging design.” Engaging design incorporates pieces of aesthetics, design thinking, and service design. The authors’ aim is to “parse [design] theories and make them understandable, easy to incorporate, and worthwhile to the reader.” The book is designed to be readable and usable by anyone working in academic, public, K–12, and/or special libraries.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.739
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • G. Edward Evans and Holland Christie. Managerial Leadership for
           Librarians: Thriving in the Public and Nonprofit World. Santa Barbara, CA:
           Libraries Unlimited, 2017. 377p. Paper, $65.00 (ISBN 9781440841705).

    • Authors: Ryan Litsey
      First page: 740
      Abstract: Managerial Leadership for Librarians: Thriving in the Public and Nonprofit World by G. Edward Evans and Holland Christie is an excellent primer for library students and professionals who are looking for a broad and comprehensive understanding of the role that leadership and management play in the public and nonprofit library world. The book itself has 20 chapters covering a number of different topics. This may seem overwhelming, but the authors have done a good job of organizing the text around four assumptions. First, the reader must understand the core concepts of managing an organization. Second, the reader must understand the core management functions and activities. From that, the third assumption is possible. The third assumption addresses the landscape in which the managerial leader operates and focuses on different elements of the environment, like governing boards, fundraising, and the like. Finally, the fourth assumption illustrates the importance of the managerial leaders continually seeking to improve their craft. The reason for this is that the better a managerial leader is, the better the organization in which they lead. Using these four assumptions as a guide, it is possible to provide an overview of the book and the underlying conceptual frameworks used for each section.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.740
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Geoffrey Yeo. Records, Information and Data: Exploring the Role of
           Record-keeping in an Information Culture. London, UK: Facet Publishing,
           2018. 208p. Paper, $94.00 (ISBN 978-1-78330-226-0).

    • Authors: Michael Ryan
      First page: 742
      Abstract: What difference does it make if we are imprecise about how we use words' What difference does it make if we are unwilling or unable to distinguish among “records,” “information,” and “data”' Plenty, according to Geoffrey Yeo, in this, his latest attempt to think clearly and authoritatively about archival records “in an information culture.”
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.742
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
  • Charles Cole. The Consciousness’ Drive: Information Need and the Search
           for Meaning. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018. 247p. Hardcover, $79.99
           (ISBN 978-3-319-92455-7). LC 2018-946105.

    • Authors: Scott Curtis
      First page: 743
      Abstract: Author Charles Cole’s understanding of human consciousness is built foundationally upon the work of evolutionary psychologist Merlin Donald, who visualized the development of human cognition in four phases, with three transitions. According to Donald’s Theory of Mind, preceding types of cognition do not cease to exist after human cognition transitions to a new phase, but exist as four layers within the modern consciousness. Cole’s narrative in the first part of the book recounts Donald’s model of human cognition, categorizing episodic, mimetic, mythic, and theoretic phases of cognition. The second half of the book sets up a particular situation of consciousness using the frame theory of Marvin Minsky, uses Meno’s paradox (how can we come to know that which we don’t already know') in a critique of framing as Minsky conceived it, and presents group and national level framing and shows their inherent danger in allowing information avoidance and sanctioning immoral actions. Cole concludes with a solution of information need being sparked or triggered that takes the human consciousness out of a closed information loop, driving the consciousness to seek new information.
      PubDate: 2019-07-11
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.5.743
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 5 (2019)
       
 
 
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