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College & Research Libraries
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.389
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 540  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0010-0870 - ISSN (Online) 2150-6701
Published by American Library Association Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Authorship and the Consideration of Alternatives

    • Authors: Bruce E. Herbert, Wendi Arant Kaspar
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Originally, this editorial was intended as a discussion of authorship norms across disciplines—a seemingly harmless topic relevant to academic libraries given libraries provide guidance and access to knowledge in all disciplines and can serve as the linchpin in multi-, inter- or transdisciplinary research. Our explorations, though, led us in a different direction, one that has implications for this journal.Research and scholarship have experienced profound changes across all disciplines. One of the more transformational shifts has been the movement toward more interdisciplinary research and collaborations across subjects and sectors. This necessitates the awareness of and ability to navigate different disciplinary norms and expectations. The scholarly practices of academic communities often have unique values and norms, including the structure and system of rewards; the nature of collaborative, interdependent, and solitary research practices; and the models and norms of authorship and acknowledgment.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Library User Education as a Window to Understand Inquiry-Based Learning in
           the Context of Higher Education in Asia: A Comparative Study between
           Peking University and the University of Tsukuba

    • Authors: Qianxiu Liu, Bradley Allard, Patrick Lo, Qingshan Zhou, Tianji Jiang, Hiroshi Itsumura
      First page: 8
      Abstract: This study is based on the belief of that enquiry-based learning should be made an integral part of any student’s learning, especially at university level. To find out the students’ perceptions towards library user education, 426 questionnaire surveys have been collected from the Peking University (PKU), China and the University of Tsukuba (UT), Japan. The results of this study indicate that compared with UT, PKU students on the whole expressed higher ratings in many areas towards the user education programs provided by their respective library, and they also had a more positive view about the professional competence of the user education (reference services) librarians. The researchers believed that the different perceptions found between the PKU and UT groups were a direct result of the distinctive learning practices and curricular requirements exercised between the two universities. There are not many articles that explore the relation between enquiry-based learning and the library user education in Asia. The findings of this study are useful for identifying the different learning modes amongst these two groups of students, as well as other barriers that were preventing the library user education programs to be integrated into Inquiring-based learning, and the university’s core curriculum as a whole.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Authentic Assessment of Student Learning in an Online Class: Implications
           for Embedded Practice

    • Authors: Jessica Alverson, Jennifer Schwartz, Sue Shultz
      First page: 32
      Abstract: According to the 2017 Distance Education Enrollment Report, the number of students enrolled in online courses has been increasing year after year, with over 6 million students taking at least one online course in 2015.1 The students who are enrolled in online classes, however, aren’t always prepared for the work expected of them. One survey conducted in 2016 found that nearly 60% of faculty who engage in online teaching strongly agree that their undergraduate students have poor research skills, especially related to finding and evaluating scholarly information.2 In response, teaching faculty have become more reliant on librarians as experts to help students master these skills.3 Embedded librarianship, defined as having professional librarians interact with students directly through the learning management system (LMS), has been employed as one strategy for meeting the needs of these online students.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Research is an Activity and a Subject of Study: A Proposed Metaconcept and
           Its Practical Application

    • Authors: Allison Hosier
      First page: 44
      Abstract: Information literacy instruction based on the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education tends to focus on basic research skills. However, research is not just a skill but also a subject of study. The ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education opens the door to integrating the study of research into information literacy instruction via its acknowledgement of the contextual nature of research. This article introduces the metaconcept that research is both an activity and a subject of study. The application of this metaconcept in core LIS literature is discussed and a model for incorporating the study of research into information literacy instruction is suggested.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Electronic Theses and Dissertations Programs: A Review of the Critical
           Success Factors

    • Authors: Behrooz Rasuli, Sam Solaimani, Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi
      First page: 60
      Abstract: Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) programs have been recognized as one of the most effective channels through which theses and dissertations can be made available to academic communities and beyond. ETD program management, however, needs to be aware of the Critical Success Factors (CSFs) throughout the process of design and development of ETDs. As the name implies, CSFs are those considerations decisive in achieving the projects' mission and goals. Based on a structured review of the existing literature about ETDs, this study identifies the CSFs that are crucial for the implementation of ETD programs. By comparing and classifying the identified CSFs, the study conceptualizes a generic framework comprised of five generic dimensions: management and organization, participation, content, technology, and service. The framework can help the ETDs community, both scholars and practitioners, to make informed decisions on how to allocate effort and resources to the#development, implementation or improvement of ETD programs.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Using Data Mining for Citation Analysis

    • Authors: Philip B. White
      First page: 76
      Abstract: This paper presents a new model for citation analysis, applying new methodological approaches in citation studies. These methods are demonstrated by an analysis of cited references from publications by the Geological Sciences faculty at the University of Colorado Boulder. The author made use of simple Python scripting, the Web of Science API, and OpenRefine to examine the most frequently cited journals and compare them to library holdings data to discover materials absent from the local collection. Of the more than 20,000 citations analyzed, 80 percent cited approximately 10 percent of all titles (412 journals). A notable finding was the heavy reliance of faculty members upon works between zero and two years of age. The streamlined model presented here removes the constraints of time and effort encountered by academic librarians interested in conducting citation analyses.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Instruction and Outreach for Transfer Students: A Colorado Case Study

    • Authors: Lindsay Roberts, Megan E. Welsh, Brittany Dudek
      First page: 94
      Abstract: Studies of transfer student success abound in higher education, yet few studies examine the role that academic libraries play in students’ transitions. This study explores the academic library services offered to transfer students in Colorado through a survey of librarians. What are barriers to offering these services' How do library professionals perceive instruction and outreach to transfer students' Results show differences between attitudes and practice, even within the same institution, and suggest opportunities for future collaboration among two-year and four-year academic libraries in Colorado. The article discusses these findings in the context of findings from New York and Ohio studies, suggesting academic libraries need greater awareness of, and services for, transfer students.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Visual Literacy in Practice: Use of Images in Students’ Academic

    • Authors: Krystyna K. Matusiak, Chelsea Heinbach, Anna Harper, Michael Bovee
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Digital technology has changed the way in which students utilize visual materials in academic work and has increased the importance of visual literacy skills. This paper reports the findings of a research project examining undergraduate and graduate students’ visual literacy skills and use of images in the context of academic work. The study explored types of visual resources used, the role that images play in academic papers and presentations, and the ways students select, evaluate, and process images. The findings of the study indicate that students lack skills in selecting, evaluating, and using images. Students use a range of visual resources in their presentations but rarely use images in papers.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • The Self as Subject: Autoethnographic Research into Identity, Culture, and
           Academic Librarianship. Anne-Marie Deitering, Robert Schroeder, and
           Richard Stoddart, eds. Chicago: American Library Association, 2017. 361p.
           Paper, $70.00 (ISBN 978-0-8389-8892-3).

    • Authors: Joseph Aubele
      First page: 140
      Abstract: Much of the professional literature in information and library science focuses on bringing new, sometimes significantly different, perspectives on what is already known. From reference services to information literacy instruction, collection development to patron services, innumerable works have been published with the intention of drawing the attention of the profession on how to enhance the work we do and challenging readers to think about that work differently. Instead of where much of the professional literature focuses upon the activities of librarians, what if the research were to focus upon the librarians themselves, and the general understanding that can be gained from the experiences of individuals' Librarians at varying stages of their respective careers view themselves and the profession differently, and the unique stories they tell may help others better understand their own attitudes about their work. Meanwhile, in recent years the matter of identity, how each of us sees (and defines) ourselves and how we wish to be perceived by others, has become increasingly complex. Matters of racial, ethnic, and sexual identity have moved from something socially constructed toward something much more personally defined. Specific to librarianship, the various and sundry librarian stereotypes are well known, and compounding those stereotypes, at least for academic librarians, is a general lack of knowledge about what we do. At the intersection of these two, disparate spheres is this collaborative effort to illuminate who academic librarians are, and how that impacts their professional endeavors. Using an autoethnographic methodology, they provide a unique and welcome approach to revealing some of the diversity, both professional and personal, to be found among librarians.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.140
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Disciplinary Applications of Information Literacy Threshold Concepts.
           Samantha Godbey, Susan Beth Wainscott, and Xan Goodman, eds., for the
           Association of Research Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association,
           2017. 368p. Paper, $72.00 (ISBN 978-0-8389-8970-8).

    • Authors: Alexandra Hauser
      First page: 141
      Abstract: Approaches to student learning and information literacy continue to evolve. Threshold concepts in information literacy (IL) are a relatively new way of critically considering the learning that students do. The editors note in their introduction that “threshold concepts are currently defined by the following characteristics: transformative, integrative, irreversible, bounded, and troublesome” and include a discussion of what each defining characteristic means. The ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, introduced in 2015, is based in part on the idea of threshold concepts, and each frame was developed with threshold concepts in mind. The discussion of what constitutes an information literacy threshold concept has been an important part of a larger conversation of how to approach the use of the ACRL Framework. This book strives to address some of the questions surrounding information literacy threshold concepts within specific disciplines with the ultimate goal of improving student-learning experiences in impactful ways.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.141
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Robin Rice and John Southall. The Data Librarian’s Handbook. London:
           Facet Publishing, 2017. 192p. Paper, $79.99 (ISBN: 978-1-78330-047-1).

    • Authors: Andrea Kosavic
      First page: 143
      Abstract: The Data Librarian’s Handbook is an indispensable read for those who find themselves at a point of intersection with topics in data librarianship. The authors, Robin Rice, Data Librarian at EDINA and Data Library at the University of Edinburgh, and John Southall, Data Librarian at Bodleian Libraries at the University of Oxford, bring many years of experience to this title. While they have both built careers in the United Kingdom, they take great care in highlighting international examples from the United States, Canada, and Australia in their work.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.143
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Marcy Simons. Academic Library Metamorphosis and Regeneration. Lanham, MD:
           Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. 146p. Hardcover, $78.00 (ISBN:

    • Authors: Ryan Litsey
      First page: 144
      Abstract: Academic Library Metamorphosis and Regeneration by Marcy Simons is a well-constructed walkthrough of the multitude of changes and change processes that have occurred through libraries over the years. The book covers issues both external and internal to the library that motivate change. Events include economic downturns, declines in physical circulation, the increase in electronic resource, as well as others. From that follows a discussion of how these factors have spawned changes in the traditional professional roles of librarians. Highlighting the emergence of new types of pressures, libraries hire librarians who focus on copyright, data management, and assessment, to name a few. Marcy then argues that these changes necessitate structural change in the library itself. However, the library structure cannot change without solid leadership, which is the focus of chapter 3 and the subsequent structural change discussed in chapter 4. Naturally, from a discussion of structural change, questions arise of how change can be conducted; this is the focus of chapter 5. The book closes with a discussion surrounding innovation, how to develop a culture of innovation, as well as potential avenues for future change. The evolutionary discussion Marcy constructs helps to guide the reader through the process of change, change management, and future change within the academic library.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.144
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
  • Robert E. Dugan and Peter Hernon. Financial Management in Academic
           Libraries: Data-Driven Planning and Budgeting. Chicago: American Library
           Association for the Association of College and Research Libraries, 2018.
           200p. Paper, $56.00 (ISBN: 978-0-8389-8943-2).

    • Authors: Mark Shelton
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Many areas of academic libraries receive a lot of attention. Technology in its many forms is a big one as well as library instruction. There is much interest around changing cataloging and metadata standards and their impact on discovery. Whole conferences are dedicated to assessment and collection development. We read about newly renovated library spaces and new mergers between vendors and publishers. Within each of these and many other issues, there is frequently a section, paragraph, or maybe just a sentence that speaks to the financial aspect. These financial aspects shift and change from institution to institution, from library to library. Every academic library wrestles with its financial picture as it tries to serve its institution in a panoply of ways. To aid in this struggle, Robert Dugan and Peter Hernon have put together the text Financial Management in Academic Libraries: Data-Driven Planning and Budgeting.
      PubDate: 2019-01-07
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.80.1.146
      Issue No: Vol. 80, No. 1 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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