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College & Research Libraries
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.389
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 607  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0010-0870 - ISSN (Online) 2150-6701
Published by American Library Association Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Developing a Practical Approach to Change

    • Authors: Brad Warren
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Forecasting and attempts to predict what will happen is an innate aspect of the human condition that transcends the walls of the organizations in which we work or the careers that we have chosen. As academic libraries enter into the 4th (or 5th) Industrial Revolution, we are awash in trends, futurists, analysts, reports, innovations, bold initiatives and a plethora of people attempting to get many of us into the headspace of what will and can happen rather than the mundanities of the present. While I am glad that the trend of asking about the 21st century library is waning now that we are 20% of the way into it, I am also in a new position of administrative responsibility and authority in which I am quite lost as to how to find a direction and help steer the organization within the current environment. I do not believe that I am alone in the struggle of figuring out trends, but I find that I am in a bit of an existential crisis in trying to determine what to do next. The promise of Plan S and a wonderful future of openly accessible content is not enough to sustain me into the near or distant future without thinking about a pragmatic approach to the constant winds of change. I feel that much practicality and pragmatism is getting lost in our continued chase after the ‘next big thing.’ It is important that our visionaries and idea generators connect with the people who can make sure that ideas are actually implemented and usable to our changing constituencies. I believe that this connection, however, is tenuous and the strengths and skills that many of us already possess are often lost or not applied practically to the various changes upon which we are embarking.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Lab-Integrated Librarians: A Model for Research Engagement

    • Authors: Alexander J. Carroll, Honora N. Eskridge, Bertha P. Chang
      First page: 8
      Abstract: To gain firsthand insights into the daily workflows of researchers and to create opportunities to engage in the full research life cycle, engineering librarians at North Carolina State (NC State) University launched a pilot project to embed themselves into campus research groups by attending weekly lab meetings. This article provides details on the program’s implementation, the ethnographic assessment methods used to capture the activities of researchers during weekly lab meetings, and an analysis of the data collected. Based on these findings, the authors provide potential implications for professional practice, offering suggestions for how this pilot program could be expanded into an enterprise-level service as well as areas for further research.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • A Cross-Institutional Study of eBook Demand-Driven Acquisition (DDA) Use
           and Efficacy of Eight Large Academic Libraries

    • Authors: Kay Downey, Yin Zhang
      First page: 27
      Abstract: This study is the first of its kind to analyze and compare demand-driven acquisition (DDA) ebook programs on a large scale by using eight academic libraries. The purpose is to understand which factors contribute to successful collection management practices and sustainability. Study findings also offer insight into weeding practices and suggest that ebooks removed from the discovery pool too soon may impact service to library users. Furthermore, findings based on formula analysis show that return on investment (ROI) for serviceable content is better achieved through a sustained straight DDA model without short-term loans.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.27
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Reinventing Ourselves: New and Emerging Roles of Academic Librarians in
           Canadian Research-Intensive Universities

    • Authors: Ada Ducas, Nicole Michaud-Oystryk, Marie Speare
      First page: 43
      Abstract: The academic library profession is being redefined by the shifting research and scholarly landscape, the transformation in higher education, and advances in technology.A survey of librarians working in Canada’s research-intensive universities was conducted to explore new and emerging roles. This study focuses on librarians’ activities in: Research Support, Teaching and Learning, Digital Scholarship, User Experience, and Scholarly Communication. It addresses the scope and nature of the new roles, the skills required to provide new services, and the confidence librarians have in their abilities to perform the new roles. It also reports on librarians’ job satisfaction and their perceived impact on the academic enterprise.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.43
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Community College Librarians and the ACRL Framework: Findings
           from a National Study

    • Authors: Susan Wengler, Christine Wolff-Eisenberg
      First page: 66
      Abstract: This study explored community college librarians’ engagement with the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. A national online survey with 1,201 community college librarian respondents reveals limited familiarity with and integration of the Framework into community college instruction to date. Findings indicate an openness to future adoption, as well as substantial interest in targeted professional development and a version of the Framework adapted for community college campuses. These results contribute benchmark instructional data on an understudied section of academic librarianship and add to the growing body of research on how librarians have updated teaching practices in response to the Framework.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.66
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Diversity Initiatives to Recruit and Retain Academic Librarians: A
           Systematic Review

    • Authors: Janice Y. Kung, K-Lee Fraser, Dee Winn
      First page: 96
      Abstract: Libraries across Canada and United States are adopting diversity initiatives to encourage inclusive library environments and services. Many policies and frameworks have a user-centered approach. However, there is little focus on encouraging diverse service providers in the library. The aim of this study is to determine the strategic approaches that academic libraries are using in their efforts to recruit and retain diverse librarians. Systematic review methodology involved searching Library & Information Science Abstracts, Library & Information Science Source, Gender Studies Database, Race Relations Abstracts, Google, and grey literature composed primarily of information from library associations’ and organizations’ websites. The primary search terms (and their variations) include diversity, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomics, academic library, librarians, recruitment, and retention. Publications were included if they were about the recruitment and/or retention strategies used by academic libraries to improve diversity among librarians. Nineteen publications and one ALA website were included in the review. All 20 publications were based in a North American context, and the interventions included targeted recruitment strategies, internship or residency programs, mentor- ship, and professional development opportunities. Using a modified version of the CASP Qualitative Checklist, the publications were critically appraised to evaluate the validity of the findings. Fifty percent of the publications included an assessment component to determine the value of the intervention. Although a number of programs exist to recruit minorities to academic librarianship, the number of visible minorities in the field has remained stagnant for decades.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.96
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Student Perceptions of the Library during Times of Terror: Exploratory
           Research Surveying Students Affected by the October 1 Shooting and Their
           Impressions of Safety in the Academic Library Community

    • Authors: Kelsey Lupo Mazmanyan
      First page: 109
      Abstract: On October 1, 2017, the history of Las Vegas, Nevada was forever changed when a mass shooting claimed the lives of 58 innocent people at a concert site on the Vegas Strip. Only three miles away, the University of Nevada Las Vegas and its main branch, Lied Library, became a space where students sought shelter and answers. To understand how this event impacted students’ perceptions of safety at UNLV, nine qualitative interviews were conducted asking students to consider the various qualities of a public place that make it feel safe. Students’ responses were analyzed to determine similarities and differences of “safe” locations on campus. Although each participant shared unique viewpoints as to where they would seek shelter and why, it was discovered that most students did not alter their actions regarding spatial use after the incident. More research must be conducted to determine if the majority of UNLV students feel similarly about their campus spaces and how the university can improve upon feelings of safety in the academic community.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.109
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Perceptions of Academic Librarians toward LGBTQ Information Needs: An
           Exploratory Study

    • Authors: John Siegel, Martin Morris, Gregg A. Stevens
      First page: 122
      Abstract: While previous studies have examined lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) information needs, none have addressed librarian confidence in addressing LGBTQ-themed information needs or the factors affecting this confidence. The authors used a mixed-methods survey to assess the knowledge and perspectives of academic librarians in responding to information inquiries related to sexual orientation and gender identity. Based on an exploratory factor analysis, three variables were identified: duty of care/vulnerability of inquirer, public visibility of work conducted, and personal biases and prejudices. These factors can reduce or otherwise influence the ability to meet LGBTQ information needs.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.122
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Reference Librarianship & Justice: History, Practice & Praxis. Kate
           Adler, Ian Beilin, and Eamon Tewell, eds. Sacramento, CA: Library Juice
           Press, 2018. 322p. Paper, $35.00 (ISBN: 978-1-63400-051-2).

    • Authors: Elise Ferer
      First page: 149
      Abstract: Social justice and critical information literacy have become a recognized part of academic librarianship; so far, much of the scholarship has focused on instruction services. This text extends these same practices and pedagogies to reference services. The preface begins to look at how social justice factors into reference work and makes an argument for supporting our most vulnerable patrons through reference work. The author of the preface sees reference as being able to support vulnerable people through positive affirming experiences with librarians. In the introduction, the editors recognize reference as a valuable service and the role that it can play in social justice and critical practice while preparing the reader for the chapters that follow. The editors of this text have collected chapters from a diverse group of librarians and academics that fit into three themes: history, practice, and praxis. Each section leads into the next with a short introduction from one of the editors, who links the chapters in the section together and explains what the reader should expect from the next section of the text.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.149
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Niels Br├╝gger. The Archived Web: Doing History in the Digital Age.
           Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2018. 200p. Hardcover, $30.00 (ISBN:

    • Authors: James Kessenides
      First page: 150
      Abstract: Visit the Internet Archive’s “Wayback Machine,” and you will find an invitation at the top of the page to view hundreds of billions of archived web pages—384 billion at present. Impressive as that number is, more impressive still is the fact that the Internet Archive has been preserving web pages since 1996, or, in other words, since more or less the beginning of the web. This was a prescient act indeed. If the rush of historical change, whatever the matter may be, is liable to confuse us in the short term—to be characterized by, as Fernand Braudel once said in On History (Sarah Matthews, trans., University of Chicago Press, 1980, 28), “our illusions” and “our hasty awareness”—then the Internet Archive certainly managed to bring a measure of clarity and reflection to the early days of the web. And now, more than 20 years later, it is no coincidence that the Internet Archive itself is touched on in the excellent book under review here, Niels Brügger’s The Archived Web: Doing History in the Digital Age. Brügger, Professor and Head of NetLab and of the Center for Internet Studies, Aarhus University, takes the measure of the web as a valid and independent repository of raw material for history—as “a historical source in its own right,” despite not yet being widely seen as such (12). He leverages the passage of time deftly and with numerous insights on the first quarter century of the web’s existence. He writes for an audience of historians and other scholars who would seek to use web archives in their research, but the result is a work that proves richly instructive and valuable for librarians and archivists too.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.150
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Pushing the Margins: Women of Color and Intersectionality in LIS. Rose L.
           Chou and Annie Pho, eds. Sacramento, CA: Library Juice Press, 2018. 508p.
           $35.00 (ISBN 978-1-63400-052-9).

    • Authors: Jaena Alabi
      First page: 152
      Abstract: It should come as no surprise to anyone in library and information science (LIS) that our profession is composed overwhelmingly of white women. In this environment, the stories of people of color, especially women of color, do not receive sufficient attention. Pushing the Margins: Women of Color and Intersectionality in LIS brings to the fore the perspectives of those who are often silenced or ignored.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.152
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
  • Motivating Students on a Time Budget: Pedagogical Frames and Lesson Plans
           for In-person and Online Information Literacy Instruction. Sarah Steiner
           and Miriam Rigby, eds., for the Association of College and Research
           Libraries. Chicago, IL: American Library Association, 2019. 322p. $64.00
           (ISBN 978-083898949-4).

    • Authors: Alexandra Hauser
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Any instruction or subject librarian will know the anxiety felt when working to prepare an information literacy session for students in a one-shot session. Librarians must incorporate the faculty member’s, sometimes numerous, desires for class as well as ensure the session is relevant and engaging for students, all within a usually short, one-off class period. The editors of this work are familiar with these seemingly constraining variables and seek to flip librarians’ idea that these factors are constraining or a burden but rather “a gift: because we have only a short period of time with our students, we can exist outside the world of performance…and position ourselves as fellow curious explorers” (2). This volume of work is aimed at moving from the more motivation-related instruction topics, such as active learning, and expanding examination to a broader look at motivation theory to foster intrinsic motivation in students. The editors of this book hope that this presentation of broader motivational theory will inspire readers to meet students where they are, both intellectually and emotionally, and help students to cross threshold concepts critical to information literacy.
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.5860/crl.81.1.154
      Issue No: Vol. 81, No. 1 (2020)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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