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Cambridge Archaeological Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.121
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 133  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0959-7743 - ISSN (Online) 1474-0540
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • CAJ volume 28 issue 4 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000446
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • CAJ volume 28 issue 4 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000458
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Copper-alloy Belts at Hasanlu, Iran: A Case Study in Hybridization and
           Heteroglossia in Material Culture
    • Authors: Megan Cifarelli; Manuel Castelluccia, Roberto Dan
      Pages: 539 - 563
      Abstract: The pitfalls of studying material outcomes of cultural contact as ‘hybrids’ have been well mapped, from essentialism to the echoes of eugenics. In archaeological research, attention to ‘hybrid’ products of cultural contact through assiduous tracing of ‘foreign’ elements to their points of origin has often yielded dubious claims regarding the nature of the interaction. For objects excavated in the Period IVb (1050–800 bc) level at Hasanlu, this approach has led to assertions of ‘Assyrianization’, proclaiming the site the example par excellence of the response to Assyrian cultural hegemony in the periphery. Through exploration of armoured sheet-metal belts found at Hasanlu, an artefact type introduced from the South Caucasus region and then produced locally, this paper considers the interpretive utility of the concept of ‘hybridization’—the transformative processes by which disparate visual elements, materials and ideas about the world react to and perturb each in a particular environment. We argue that through these processes, relocated exogenous objects and their endogenous counterparts communicate using multiple, even divergent, voices. This very multivocality, or heteroglossia, is instrumental in forging new social relationships and meanings.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000264
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Material Geographies of House Societies: Reconsidering Neolithic
           Çatalhöyük, Turkey
    • Authors: Ian Kuijt
      Pages: 565 - 590
      Abstract: This paper explores how people within Neolithic villages were connected to co-resident multi-family households, and considers the potential material footprint of multi-family households within Neolithic villages. Drawing upon data from Çatalhöyük, I suggest that Neolithic communities were organized around multiple competing and cooperating Houses, similar to House Societies, where house members resided in clusters of abutting buildings, all largely the same size and with similar internal organization. These space were deeply connected to telling the generative narratives of the House as a historical and genealogical social unit, including the lives and actions of the ancestors, and in some cases embedding them physically within the fabric of the building. Çatalhöyük multi-family House members decorated some important rooms with display elaboration that focused on the past, the future and the family, while the dead from the households, who in many ways were still alive and part of the ancestral House, lived beneath the floor. This study underlines that researchers need to consider social scales beyond the single-family household and consider how the multi-family House existed as an organizational foundation within Neolithic villages.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000240
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • The Origins of Iconic Depictions: A Falsifiable Model Derived from the
           Visual Science of Palaeolithic Cave Art and World Rock Art
    • Authors: Derek Hodgson; Paul Pettitt
      Pages: 591 - 612
      Abstract: Archaeologists have struggled for more than a century to explain why the first representational art of the Upper Palaeolithic arose and the reason for its precocious naturalism. Thanks to new data from various sites across Europe and further afield, as well as crucial insights from visual science, we may now be on the brink of bringing some clarity to this issue. In this paper, we assert that the main precursors of the first figurative art consisted of hand prints/stencils (among the Neanderthals and early Homo sapiens) and a corpus of geometric marks as well as a hunting lifestyle and highly charged visual system for detecting animals in evocative environments. Unlike many foregoing arguments, the present one is falsifiable in that five critical, but verifiable, points are delineated.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000227
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Alternative Pasts and Colonial Engagements in the North: The Materiality
           and Meanings of the Pajala ‘Runestone’ (Vinsavaara Stone), Northern
    • Authors: Vesa-Pekka Herva; Janne Ikäheimo, Matti Enbuske, Jari Okkonen
      Pages: 613 - 628
      Abstract: The unknown and exotic North fascinated European minds in the early modern period. A land of natural and supernatural wonders, and of the indigenous Sámi people, the northern margins of Europe stirred up imagination and a plethora of cultural fantasies, which also affected early antiquarian research and the period understanding of the past. This article employs an alleged runestone discovered in northernmost Sweden in the seventeenth century to explore how ancient times and northern margins of the continent were understood in early modern Europe. We examine how the peculiar monument of the Vinsavaara stone was perceived and signified in relation to its materiality, landscape setting, and the cultural-cosmological context of the Renaissance–Baroque world. On a more general level, we use the Vinsavaara stone to assess the nature and character of early modern antiquarianism in relation to the period's nationalism, colonialism and classicism.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000197
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Multiplicity: A Case Study of Late Pottery
           Neolithic Ceramic Assemblages from the Southern Levant
    • Authors: Assaf Nativ
      Pages: 629 - 645
      Abstract: This paper presents an experiment. Can a typologically inarticulate assemblage be accounted for by other means' What might such an articulation look like' What prospects would it offer' Focusing on three small late Pottery Neolithic assemblages from the southern Levant, the paper argues that they are typologically inarticulate, primarily because they possess considerable morphological fluidity that is at odds with the segmented structure demanded by this mode of classification. The paper presents an attempt to formulate an account of these assemblages that incorporates their morphological fluidity and ambiguity. Allowing for differential quantitative emphases across the assemblage, it is suggested that certain forms may be specified as types. In turn, the relations among these types are shown to constitute a structural order. Yet the assemblages are also fundamentally ambivalent, both constituting and de-constituting their order and logic. For the types are constituted in relative (rather than absolute) terms and the orderly structures are accompanied by elements that are incommensurable with it. Acknowledging these conflicting qualities, it is proposed that they are multiple, that the one assemblage is several. Finally, the paper explores some implications this understanding of the ceramic assemblages might have for the discussion of temporal development.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000239
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Comparing Near Eastern Neolithic Megasites and Southwestern Pueblos:
           Population Size, Exceptionalism and Historical Trajectories
    • Authors: Wesley Bernardini; Gregson Schachner
      Pages: 647 - 663
      Abstract: Çatalhöyük and other Near Eastern Neolithic ‘megasites’ are commonly interpreted as exceptional because of their large size and early dates. In this paper, we question exceptional claims about the size and social organization of megasites like Çatalhöyük by comparing them to pueblos in the American Southwest. We argue that Çatalhöyük and other Near Eastern Neolithic megasites are better understood as large villages whose size, layout and social organization compare readily to many of the late prehispanic and historic-period pueblos in the American Southwest. We suggest that four factors contribute to disparate interpretations of structurally similar sites in the Near East and American Southwest: 1) surface architectural visibility; 2) different regional intellectual traditions that emphasize ‘micro’ versus ‘macro’ scale social organization; 3) a tendency toward overestimation in archaeological population estimates, especially when the ‘biggest’ or the ‘earliest’ sites are involved; and 4) perceptions of continuity with later time periods.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000276
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • The Social Role of Non-metal ‘Valuables’ in Late Bronze Age
    • Authors: Joanna Brück; Alex Davies
      Pages: 665 - 688
      Abstract: Bronze Age metal objects are widely viewed as markers of wealth and status. Items of other materials, such as jet, amber and glass, tend either to be framed in similar terms as ‘prestige goods’, or to be viewed as decorative trifles of limited research value. In this paper, we argue that such simplistic models dramatically underplay the social role and ‘agentive’ capacities of objects. The occurrence of non-metal ‘valuables’ in British Early Bronze Age graves is well-documented, but their use during the later part of the period remains poorly understood. We will examine the deposition of objects of amber, jet and jet-like materials in Late Bronze Age Britain, addressing in particular their contexts and associations as well as patterns of breakage to consider the cultural meanings and values ascribed to such items and to explore how human and object biographies were intertwined. These materials are rarely found in burials during this period but occur instead on settlements, in hoards and caves. In many cases, these finds appear to have been deliberately deposited in the context of ritual acts relating to rites of passage. In this way, the role of such objects as social agents will be explored, illuminating their changing significance in the creation of social identities and systems of value.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S095977431800029X
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Transformations in Representations of Gender During the Emergence of the
           Teotihuacan State: A Regional Case Study of Ceramic Figurines from the
           Basin of Mexico
    • Authors: Kiri Hagerman
      Pages: 689 - 711
      Abstract: This paper investigates transformations in the construction and expression of gender ideologies in the Basin of Mexico from the late Middle Formative through Classic periods (approx. 800 bc–ad 600). Ceramic figurines from the sites of Teotihuacan, Axotlan, Cerro Portezuelo and Huixtoco are used to explore how elements of gender were constructed and communicated in the region over the course of a millennium, and how these practices underwent a transformation during the emergence and expansion of the Teotihuacan state. During the Formative periods, the selection, combination, or omission of sexual attributes in association with decorative elements such as jewellery formed a flexible strategy for depicting a variety of social identities across the Basin of Mexico. The emergence of the Teotihuacan figurine style in the Terminal Formative period brought with it significant changes to the way figurine bodies were formed—sexual attributes disappeared and were replaced with increasingly elaborate clothing and jewellery as the figurine corpus diversified into multiple types. Although relative rates of depictions of feminine and masculine figurines shifted over time, in no period were figurines limited to a binary set of depictions, indicating diverse social identities and gender ideologies in the Basin of Mexico over time.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000288
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Understanding+Collapse:+Ancient+history+and+modern+myths,+by+Guy+D.+Middleton,+2017.+Cambridge:+Cambridge+University+Press;+ISBN+978-1-316-60607-0+paperback+£29.99;+xviii+441+pp.,+49+b/w+illus,+16+tables+-+Why+Did+Ancient+Civilizations+Fail',+by+Scott+A.J.+Johnson,+2017.+New+York/London:+Routledge;+ISBN+978-1-62958-283-2+paperback+£33.99;+xiii+293+pp.,+31+b/w+illus&rft.title=Cambridge+Archaeological+Journal&rft.issn=0959-7743&">Collapse and Failure in Complex Societies - Understanding Collapse:
           Ancient history and modern myths, by Guy D. Middleton, 2017. Cambridge:
           Cambridge University Press; ISBN 978-1-316-60607-0 paperback £29.99;
           xviii+441 pp., 49 b/w illus, 16 tables - Why Did Ancient Civilizations
           Fail', by Scott A.J. Johnson, 2017. New York/London: Routledge; ISBN
           978-1-62958-283-2 paperback £33.99; xiii+293 pp., 31 b/w illus
    • Authors: Alex R. Knodell
      Pages: 713 - 717
      Abstract: Collapse, societal failure, doom and dystopia are popular topics, both in scholarship and in much wider spheres of cultural consumption. The decline or disappearance of human societies has been a point of interest for as long as people have been aware of the vestiges of cultures past, from colonial sensationalism concerning the ruins of apparently mighty civilizations through to early scholarship emphasizing historical process (e.g. Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776–1789). Modern studies of collapse have highlighted the topic as a historical and anthropological problem of comparative interest in the archaeology of complex societies (see the foundational works of Tainter 1988; Yoffee & Cowgill 1988).
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000343
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Stone+Tools+in+Human+Evolution:+Behavioral+differences+among+technological+primates,+by+John+J.+Shea,+2017.+New+York+(NY):+Cambridge+University+Press;+ISBN+978-1-107-55493-1+paperback+£22.99.+236+pp.,+51+b/w+figs,+26+tables&rft.title=Cambridge+Archaeological+Journal&rft.issn=0959-7743&">Stone Tools in Human Evolution: Behavioral differences among technological
           primates, by John J. Shea, 2017. New York (NY): Cambridge University
           Press; ISBN 978-1-107-55493-1 paperback £22.99. 236 pp., 51 b/w figs, 26
    • Authors: Fiona Coward
      Pages: 719 - 721
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000203
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • The+Roman+Street:+Urban+Life+and+Society+in+Pompeii,+Herculaneum,+and+Rome,+by+Jeremy+Hartnett,+2017.+Cambridge:+Cambridge+University+Press;+ISBN+978-1-107-10570-6+hardback+£79.99.+xvi+329+pp.,+93+b/w+&+9+col.+figs,+7+tables&rft.title=Cambridge+Archaeological+Journal&rft.issn=0959-7743&">The Roman Street: Urban Life and Society in Pompeii, Herculaneum, and
           Rome, by Jeremy Hartnett, 2017. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press;
           ISBN 978-1-107-10570-6 hardback £79.99. xvi+329 pp., 93 b/w & 9 col.
           figs, 7 tables
    • Authors: Cathalin Recko
      Pages: 721 - 723
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000252
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
  • Creating+Material+Worlds:+The+uses+of+identity+in+archaeology,+edited+by+Anthony+Russell,+Elizabeth+Pierce,+Adrián+Maldonado+&+Louisa+Campbell,+2016.+Oxford/Philadelphia:+Oxbow+Books;+ISBN+978-1-78570-180-1+paperback+£36,+192+pp.&rft.title=Cambridge+Archaeological+Journal&rft.issn=0959-7743&">Creating Material Worlds: The uses of identity in archaeology, edited by
           Anthony Russell, Elizabeth Pierce, Adrián Maldonado & Louisa Campbell,
           2016. Oxford/Philadelphia: Oxbow Books; ISBN 978-1-78570-180-1 paperback
           £36, 192 pp.
    • Authors: Eva Mol
      Pages: 723 - 724
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0959774318000082
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 4 (2018)
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