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Library Trends
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.3
Number of Followers: 461  
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ISSN (Print) 0024-2594 - ISSN (Online) 1559-0682
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [295 journals]
  • Introduction
    • Abstract: Labor in academic libraries has reemerged as an area of critical interest in both academic library and archives communities. Librarians and archivists have long worked to counter the diminishment of their labor within an academy that centers the concerns of disciplinary faculty who may, in turn, see knowledge workers as a footnote to the scholarly enterprise. Recent years have seen a renewed attention to the social and economic conditions of our work, as researchers turned to topics such as affective labor in libraries and archives, attitudes toward labor unions, and information work under capitalism (Sloniowski 2016; Mills and McCullough 2018; Burns 2018). As the landscape of higher education changes dramatically ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Participatory and Ethical Strategic Planning: What Academic Libraries Can
           Learn from Critical Management Studies
    • Abstract: In the field of management studies, a subfield referred to as "critical management studies" (CMS) has emerged in recent decades. Drawing on critical and postmodern theories, CMS aims to unearth and vocalize the "taken-for-granteds" in the management of organizations (Reynolds 1998, 183). CMS researchers study management and workplaces using principles of defamiliarization, dissensus, and antiperformativity. Rather than taking existing structures as a given, they study how cultures and ways of doing work came to be within organizations. CMS also considers conflict and complexity to be a natural state of being. While mandated consensus and grand unifying narratives are often favored by management, CMS argues that ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • "Being in Time": New Public Management, Academic Librarians, and the
           Temporal Labor of Pink-Collar Public Service Work
    • Abstract: Time is a site of power, one that enacts particular subjectivities and relationships. In the workplace, time enables and constrains performance, attitudes, and behaviors (Adam 1998; Whipp, Adam, and Sabelis 2002). Time has been used to consider the influence of neoliberal globalization on the university as institution (Clegg 2010; Meyerhoff, Johnson, and Braun 2011; Walker 2009) and the material conditions of teaching, learning, and research within it (see, for example, Bansel and Davies 2005; Giroux and Searls Giroux 2004; Hartman and Darab 2012; Liao et al. 2013; Menzies and Newson 2007; Mountz et al. 2015; Shahjahan 2015; Ylijoki and Mäntylä 2003). This suggests that using time as a lens might also afford ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • "The Power of Knowledge, Objectified": Immaterial Labor, Cognitive
           Capitalism, and Academic Librarianship
    • Abstract: This article attempts to situate the academic library within the political economy of higher education, with a particular focus on the relationships between capital and labor, and the restructuring of the labor process following the advent of neoliberalism. Neoliberalism, I will argue, is the result of capital's need both to restructure the labor process in order to deal with the challenge of organized labor, and to expand the exploitation of labor beyond manual work into the realm of the immaterial, cognitive, and emotional. As a result, academic libraries, and academic library work, have become sites of the social reproduction of capitalism itself. As Ronald Day has remarked, social reproduction "in the forms of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Low Morale in Ethnic and Racial Minority Academic Librarians: An
           Experiential Study
    • Abstract: Traditionally, the term low morale has been nebulously associated with negative feelings about one's workplace or aspects of a workplace. Brun and Cooper (2009) identified several issues of low morale, including recognition at work, work/life balance, and workload. Numerous articles and books discuss kaleidoscopic aspects of improving workplace morale; however, research remains sparse on tracking the applied processes of facing low morale. Kendrick's 2017 study on low morale begins to close that gap, offering a succinct definition as the result of protracted exposure to emotional, verbal/written, and system abuse or neglect in the workplace.The study links low morale to other documented negative workplace behaviors ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Reconsidering Technical Labor in Information Institutions: The Case of
           Analog Video Digitization
    • Abstract: Technical labor is still generally made invisible in the functioning of academic libraries and other information institutions even as they have started disseminating technical and craft knowledge through makerspaces and other sites of library innovation.2 Promoting positive discourses around "making" and nurturing embodied engagement with tools and materials has not translated into a broader consideration of library work. Technical labor, such as that involved in preservation and digitization activities, is rarely considered as an intellectual activity.3 As such, it is easy to undervalue the intellectual contribution of librarians, archivists, and other information professionals in the production of the digital ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Empty Presence: Library Labor, Prestige, and the MLS
    • Abstract: In 2017, at the American Library Association's Midwinter Meeting, following the retirement of Keith Michael Fiels, the previous executive director, the Executive Board proposed a resolution that would have made "an ALA-accredited Master's Degree or a CAEP (Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation) accredited Master's Degree with a specialty in school library media" preferred rather than required for candidates for the executive director position (Kempf 2017; Kenney 2018). The resolution was defeated by ALA Council, but later in 2017, after failing to find suitable candidates, the resolution was reintroduced and passed by ALA Council (Kenney 2018). Members of ALA then petitioned to have the question put ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Scope of Work, Roles, and Responsibilities for Academic Librarians:
           Tenure-Track vs. Non-Tenure-Track Professionals
    • Abstract: Tenure has never been more threatened in academia. The culture of accountability, budget austerity, public scrutiny, and institutional assessment have resulted in a questioning of the tenure system across campuses and an intolerance for any deviation from established principles and organizational norms. This is no less true in academic libraries that have continually had to justify the status of librarians as faculty, with or without tenure, in an effort to make meaningful and strategic contributions to the missions of their institutions. Libraries and academic institutions are living in a constantly changing world, influenced by political, technological, economic, and social drivers. Welch and Mozenter (2006, 165) ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Librarians in the Academic Ecosystem
    • Abstract: In 1993 I wrote the article "Deconstructing Faculty Status," in which I tested the arguments being put forward for faculty status, which mostly consisted of, if-then statements: if faculty-status, then these-benefits (Applegate 1993). The these-benefits part of the equation had very weak empirical evidence. This is not surprising in terms of research, because the two sides of the supposed sequence—faculty status and benefits—are both multidimensional and their relationship is embedded within a complex environment. Identifying, measuring, and disentangling any type of cause and effect is problematic from a research design perspective.In the following twenty-five years I have lived the life of a librarian, a library ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • From Slavery to College Loans
    • Abstract: It all started May 1992. My father was taking me to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) to participate in a recruitment program for talented Black students from across the state. Prior to dropping me off at my destination, my father took me to a graveyard behind Connor Dormitory on UNC's campus. There was a gazebo and small paved path that separated one side of the graveyard from the other. My father told me that Whites were buried on the side with the gazebo, and Blacks were buried on the other (even in death, Jim Crow was a necessary evil). He took me to an obelisk that had four names on it:November Caldwell (UNC–Chapel Hill, n.d., "November Caldwell") Wilson Caldwell (UNC–Chapel Hill, n.d. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Lessons from the Field: Organizing a Faculty Union in the Era of Janus
    • Abstract: On June 27, 2018, the Oregon Employment Relations Board certified United Academics of Oregon State University (UAOSU) as the sole bargaining unit to represent teaching and research faculty of our university. On the same day, the United States Supreme Court released its decision in Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Council 31.1 The 5-4 decision ended "agency fees" within public sector unions, where nonmembers contribute to the costs of bargaining a contract, which covers everyone in the unit regardless of their union membership. This ruling is widely viewed as a pointed blow to organized labor: if workers can get the benefits of collective bargaining without paying, why ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
  • Democratizing the Union at UC Berkeley: Lecturers and Librarians in
    • Abstract: The University Council–American Federation of Teachers (UC-AFT), the librarian union at the University of California (UC) Berkeley, was one of the first academic library unions in the country but had been relatively dormant for the last twenty-five years. In 2016, a small group of UC-AFT members, frustrated by what they saw as a decision-making structure in the union that was not inclusive, enacted a series of reforms to make the union more participatory. In this study we will describe the democratization process, examine what precipitated the changes, as well as analyze the impact that these renewal efforts had on union activities.Democratization is a broad concept, but for the purposes of this case study, we see ... Read More
      PubDate: 2020-01-23T00:00:00-05:00
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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