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Library Trends
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ISSN (Print) 0024-2594 - ISSN (Online) 1559-0682
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [295 journals]
  • Introduction
    • Abstract: Welcome to Library Trends' first bilingual Spanish-English issue and the first devoted to work in Cuba. This experiment in academic publishing recognizes that new ways of thinking about research communication are in order.The first point to make is that our subject in this issue, libraries and information systems of the Republic of Cuba, stands on one of the remarkable human feats of the twentieth century. This was the 1961 literacy campaign. Even while some counterrevolutionary holdouts were still shooting in the mountains, 100,000 high school students (and one as young as nine) signed up as literacy campaigners in response to the call from Fidel Castro. They devoted months to teaching people to read and write ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Introducción
    • Abstract: Bienvenido a la primera edición bilingüe en inglés y español de Library Trends y la primera dedicada al trabajo que se realiza en Cuba. Este experimento en publicación científica reconoce que se necesitan nuevas maneras de pensar con respecto a la comunicación de investigación.El primer punto que deberíamos tocar es que nuestro tema en esta edición, las bibliotecas y los sistemas de información de la República de Cuba, se basa en una de las extraordinarias proezas humanas del siglo veinte. Esta fue la campaña de alfabetización de 1961. Incluso cuando algunos de la resistencia contrarrevolucionaria todavía disparaban en las montañas, 100 000 estudiantes de secundaria (y uno de tan solo 9 años) se inscribieron como ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The National Medical Library of Cuba: Supporting a Healthy and
           Well-Informed Community
    • Abstract: In Cuba, the National Medical Library (Biblioteca Médica Nacional) included a project called A Healthy and Informed Community as one of the strategic five-year goals. The plan, spanning the years 2012 to 2017, supported community access to knowledge and culture, beyond what is offered by health professionals. Examples of these community services include the AIDS Library (BiblioSida) and the Library Science Interest Group (Círculo de Interés de Bibliotecología), the latter of which uses the DELFIN method. DELFIN is the acronym for Development of Student Readers Strengthened by Information (Desarrollo de Estudiantes Lectores Fortalecidos con Información), a program geared toward middle school students. Another ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Biblioteca Médica Nacional de Cuba por una Comunidad Sana e Informada
    • Abstract: El avance continuo de las ciencias de la información y las tecnologías en las bibliotecas médicas permite a los bibliotecarios realizar trabajos de extensión comunitaria para la definición y caracterización de la comunidad, dado que delimita la población y sus principales problemas de salud en contacto directo con profesionales de la salud. En este escenario son priorizados los médicos de la familia y sus demandas de información, que se orientan fundamentalmente a la atención de salud de sus pacientes, a cuyo efecto desean hallar respuestas confiables y rápidas (Santovenia y Borrell 2006).En los últimos años se han producido grandes cambios en la forma de acceder a la información en medicina y esto ha incidido ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Library Improving Life for Older Adults
    • Abstract: Demographic aging is a subject that receives significant attention in Cuban society today. The country has been going through a difficult period over the past few years, in part due to changes in the proportion of age groups in the population over the last sixty years. "According to Cuba's 2012 Population and Dwelling Census, persons age 60 or older represent 18.3% of the total population" (Colectivo de Autores 2016, 1) and it is estimated that by 2025 this figure will be 25%. Cuba will have the oldest population in Latin American, which makes it urgent to focus more attention on the needs of an increasingly large population of advanced age.In Cuba, health care is a human right and is understood as one of the key ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • La Biblioteca por una Calidad de Vida en la Tercera Edad
    • Abstract: El envejecimiento demográfico constituye uno de los temas que acapara la atención de la sociedad cubana en la actualidad. El país atraviesa una compleja situación desde hace varios años por el cambio en la estructura de edad de la población como resultado de la evolución demográfica durante el siglo XX y lo que va del siglo XXI, particularmente en los últimos sesenta años.«Según los resultados del Censo de Población y Viviendas de 2012, el grupo de personas de sesenta años o más representa el 18.3% de la población total del país» (Colectivo de Autores 2016, 1) y se calcula que para el año 2025 constituirá el 25%. Cuba será el país más envejecido de América Latina, por lo que urge poner una mayor atención a las ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Informatizing the Universities: Reflections on One Cuban Experience
    • Abstract: The world has changed in recent decades due to the introduction and dissemination, at an unprecedented tempo, of information and communications technologies (ICT). Whether we are discussing the information society of Castells (1996) or the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Schwab 2016), we live in a period characterized by a new confluence of physical, digital, and biological technologies. Some examples include big data (the analysis of massive amounts of data); the internet of things (with the expectation that 20 trillion objects will be connected to the internet via sensors by the year 2020); cloud computing (internet storage); 3-D printing (custom design and modeling solutions); robotics; ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • La Informatización de las Universidades: Reflexiones desde Una
           Experiencia Cubana
    • Abstract: El mundo se ha transformado en las últimas décadas con la introducción y diseminación, a un ritmo nunca antes visto, de las TIC. Sea ya que hablemos de la sociedad informacional de Castells (Castells 1996) o del advenimiento de la 4ta Revolución Industrial (Schwab 2016), la época en que vivimos se caracteriza por la confluencia inédita de tecnologías en las esferas física, digital y biológica. Pueden tomarse como ejemplos: big data (análisis de volúmenes masivos de datos); internet de las cosas (se anuncian 20,000 millones de objetos conectados a través de sensores en 2020); cloud computing (almacenamiento en la red); impresión 3D (fabricación y modelado a medida); además de robótica; nanotecnología; inteligencia ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Institutional Repositories Located at Universities: An Analysis of the
           Cuban Experience
    • Abstract: Ever since the term first appeared, different scientific disciplines have offered various definitions of the institutional repository (Russell 2011; Naseehath 2015; Idiegbeyan-Ose et al. 2016). This paper uses a definition based on Crow's work with the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC): "An institutional repository is a digital collection that captures and preserves the intellectual production of one or several universities" (Crow 2002).Lynch and Lippencott (2005) and Suber (2006) classify repositories as either institutional or disciplinary (associated with a specific academic community). The contents of institutional repositories include academic publications prior to or after printing ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Repositorios Institucionales en Universidades: Un Análisis desde la
           Experiencia en Cuba
    • Abstract: Desde la primera aparición del término, diferentes disciplinas científicas han ofrecido varias definiciones de repositorio institucional (Russell 2011; Naseehath 2015; Idiegbeyan-Ose et al. 2016). Este estudio utiliza una definición basada en el trabajo de Crow con la Scholarly Publishing y Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC): "Un repositorio institucional es una colección digital que captura y preserva la producción intelectual de una o varias universidades" (Crow 2002).Lynch y Lippencott (2005) y Suber (2006) clasifican los repositorios como institucionales o disciplinarios (asociados a una comunidad académica específica). Los contenidos de los repositorios institucionales incluyen publicaciones académicas ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • A Strategy for Integrating Printed Catalog Cards from Three Cuban
           Libraries into the Open Linked Data Space
    • Abstract: Since 2000 many Cuban libraries have had online catalogs covering all or most of their collections. This is thanks to two trends. The first has been the increased use of MicroIsis, a free bibliographic database software distributed by UNESCO. The computer version of CD/ISIS was introduced and promoted in Cuba and the rest of Latin America beginning in the late 1980s as the result of the support for the UNESCO Information for All Programme (Ugobono 2011). The second has been the adoption in recent years of open library software for online catalogs. However, even as recently as 2014, many or all items in the three most important Cuban libraries were still only findable using physical card catalogs. At that time, the ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Estrategia para la Integración de Catálogos de Fichas Impresas de Tres
           Bibliotecas Cubanas al Espacio de Datos Enlazados Abiertos
    • Abstract: Desde finales de los años 1990 se generalizó el uso de catálogos automatizados en muchas bibliotecas cubanas con la extensión del uso del MicroIsis, no obstante, a partir de la información recabada sobre los catálogos de tres importantes bibliotecas del país en el año 2014, se constató que un volumen considerable de los registros bibliográficos de sus colecciones se encontraban solamente en forma de catálogos de fichas impresas. La versión para microcomputadora del CDS/ISIS fue introducida y promovida en Cuba y el resto de América Latina desde finales de los años 1980 con el apoyo del programa de Información de la UNESCO (Ugobono 2011). En el caso de la Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí (BNJM), los documentos ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Library Park Project: Proposal for Redesigning the Spaces in the
           Martí Provincial Library to Facilitate the Implementation of Services
           Impacting Community Development
    • Abstract: Given the economic changes that have taken place in Cuban society, it is essential for libraries to increase their efforts to empower citizens and to provide them with the skills and tools that will allow them to function within society and avoid exclusion. Achieving this goal will require a commitment to changes in the physical structure of these institutions and to the reconfiguration of their facilities so as to offer spaces that allow for a spectrum of different services.Bilandzic and Foth (2013) explain that users generally come to the library to satisfy three fundamental needs: (1) to use computers and the internet and to use the software required for specific tasks, (2) to take advantage of a location for ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Proyecto BiblioParque: Propuesta de Rediseño de Espacios en el Edificio
           de la Biblioteca Provincial "Martí" para la Implementación de Servicios
           que Incidan en el Desarrollo de la Comunidad
    • Abstract: Dados los cambios que a nivel económico se vienen realizando en la sociedad cubana, se requiere, que las bibliotecas encaminen sus esfuerzos a empoderar a los ciudadanos y datarlos de habilidades y herramientas que les permitan desenvolverse en la sociedad y se evite la exclusión, de ahí, la necesidad de acometer cambios en la estructura física de dichas instituciones y readaptar sus instalaciones, espacios y mobiliarios a fin de ofrecer áreas que den cabida a una gama de servicios diferentes.Por otro lado, se debe reconocer que de manera general, según señalan Bilandzic y Foth (2013), los usuarios acuden hoy a la biblioteca en función de tres aspectos fundamentales: (1) para acceder a los ordenadores, a Internet ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Cuba and the International Federation of Library Associations and
           Institutions
    • Abstract: This article looks at how Cuba influenced the world's libraries, and vice versa, using a biographical method and thus tracing the activity of one pivotal individual.1 The Afro-Cuban librarian Marta Terry González (1931–2018) was born in Havana, raised in a multigenerational household, and educated in philosophy, literature, and librarianship before the Cuban Revolution came to power in 1959. She found her mission and her vocation in building and defending her country's libraries. She served JUCEPLAN, the central planning board run by Che Guevara. She managed the library at Casa de las Américas, the renowned hemispheric cultural organization led by Haydée Santamaria, and she led the José Martí National Library of ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Cuba y la Federación Internacional de Asociaciones e Instituciones de
           Bibliotecarios y Bibliotecas
    • Abstract: Este artículo analiza cómo Cuba influenció las bibliotecas a nivel mundial y viceversa, usando un método biográfico y así delinea la actividad de una persona crucial.1 La bibliotecaria afrocubana Marta Terry González (1931-2018) nació en La Habana, creció en un hogar multigeneracional y cursó estudios de filosofía, literatura y bibliotecología antes de que la Revolución Cubana tomara el poder en 1959. Encontró su misión y vocación en construir y defender las bibliotecas de su país. Trabajó para JUCEPLAN, la junta de planificación central liderada por Che Guevara. Administró la biblioteca de la Casa de las Américas, la reconocida organización cultural del hemisferio liderada por Haydée Santamaria. Y dirigió la ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Index to Volume 67
    • Abstract: Page references in boldface indicate major treatments of a topic. Page references in italic indicate locations in Spanish language articles.Locators followed by t, f, or n indicate tables, figures, or notes.AAUP, 321Abela, Eduardo, 636, 648Ableism, 457, 473in higher education and academic libraries, 458–460professionalism and, 461, 462See also DisabilityAcademic dishonesty, in scholarly publishing, 241–243Academic librariesableism in, 458–460book budgets, 256cooperative and commercial paths to open access, 196–213copyright and fair use, 192countering the hostile racial environment, 138–144efforts to improve diversity, 131–133electronic scores in, 304–305, 313–315emerging models of scholarly publishing ... Read More
      Keywords: Primary health care; Medical libraries; Family medicine; Aging; Older people; Public libraries; Education; Universities and colleges; Open access publishing; Institutional repositories; Online library catalogs; Catalog cards; Digital libraries; Linked data; Biblio
      PubDate: 2019-08-26T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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