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Journal of the History of Ideas
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.239
Number of Followers: 173  
 
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ISSN (Print) 0022-5037 - ISSN (Online) 1086-3222
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [295 journals]
  • Adam Boreel on Collegiant Freedom of Speech
    • Abstract: On December 17, 1647, John Dury (ca. 1600–80)—a Scottish minister and scholar who spent most of his life trying to find a way to unify the Christian religion—wrote to Adam Boreel (1602–65), one of his closest friends and a member of the Dutch Collegiant movement. Dury worried that freedom of speech in religious matters might eventually lead to religious enthusiasm. In his letter, Dury explained the reason for his fears, describing the practices of a new Christian sect born recently in England—the “Children of Light,” as they called themselves, or Quakers, as others called them.1 Quaker practices were of deep concern to Dury. He explained that Quakers believed themselves “to be gifted with apostolic authority” and ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Spinoza and Menasseh ben Israel: Facts and Fictions
    • Abstract: On May 2, 1656, in the French embassy in London, a “friendly and extemporaneous conversation” took place between “the most famous Jew Rabbi Menasseh ben Israel and Jean d’Espagne, Minister of New Testament.” It was supposedly not a public affair, but there was an audience, with the Lord of Bordeaux, among others, in attendance.1D’Espagne, who was the pastor for a Huguenot congregation in the city, claimed to have read Menasseh’s Conciliador and De Creatione, “in which,” he said, “there are many excellent and rare things [multa insignia & rara].” He began the dialogue with a question about something he took Menasseh to have said in his works, namely, that a change in a person’s name (such as when Abram became ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • On Genius: The Development of a Philosophical Concept of Genius in
           Eighteenth-Century Britain
    • Abstract: The concept of genius has a long history, reaching back as far as classical Greece, depending on how one understands the Greek daemon, the good or evil genius that guides every individual. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance, genius was an allegorical figure, sometimes of dubious character. E. C. Knowlton describes its history this way: “No writer offers the same portrait of the allegorical figure Genius. After his establishment on a lofty plane by Alan of Lille, Genius steadily altered for the worse, either in power or in morality. Despite his decline in the Roman de la Rose, he still maintained respectable authority, a presence more than human, even though his supernatural nature allowed him hardly less cynicism ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • The Idea of Volk and the Origins of Völkisch Research,
           1800–1930s
    • Abstract: The idea of Volk is notoriously slippery in German studies. In historical treatments it has both elided and encapsulated a variety of expressions of group belonging, including “people,” “nation,” and “race.” Reinhart Koselleck traced its conceptual fluidity across more than two centuries, noting its use as a generic referent, an ethnographic category, and a political expression.1 Others have explored the ways in which Volk was variously invoked in support of the right-wing völkisch movement (Völkische Bewegung) in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.2 And, of course, they have noted how the idea resonated during the years of the Nazi regime, whose avowed political goals included the utopian dream of ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Geoffrey Scott and Modern Architectural Thought: The Creation of a Legacy
           throughout the Twentieth Century
    • Abstract: Geoffrey Scott’s first critical work on architecture, The National Character of English Architecture—awarded the Chancellor’s English Essay Prize at Oxford University in 1908—praised the distinctively symbolic function of architecture above aesthetic and scientific qualities. Architecture, according to Scott, “consciously was” a work of utility, “should be” a work of beauty, and “may be” a work of religion—but it “must be” a symbol related to national climatic, orographic, cultural, and racial characteristics.1 Scott dramatically modified this critical approach in his next work, The Architecture of Humanism: A Study in the History of Taste, which was published in 1914. Under Bernard Berenson’s guidance, and ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Raymond Aron’s “Machiavellian” Liberalism
    • Abstract: Recent interest in Raymond Aron in Anglophone scholarship has centered on his “Cold War Liberalism.”1 Often paired with Isaiah Berlin and Karl Popper, Aron is presented as an anti-Marxist and anti-Communist thinker who defended a “negative” or “minimum” version of liberalism, one some-times associated with what Judith Shklar identified as the “liberalism of fear”: what needed to be avoided first and foremost was cruelty.2 As such, rather than propose a positive or indeed coherent political theory, Aron, like all good liberals, defended certain values, such as pluralism and tolerance, drawn from an idealized vision of England, and advocated for prudence and moderation in the face of perilous Cold War politics.Beyond ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Deformations of the Secular: Naquib Al-Attas’s Conception and
           Critique of Secularism
    • Abstract: Ernest Gellner once commented that, in contrast to Christianity, Islam is a “markedly secularization-resistant religion.”1 He meant that although Muslims had historically appropriated things secular in a variety of ways, they were generally averse to secularism as an ideology. Gellner is far from accurate in his observation. To be sure, Muslim thinkers and writers have long debated the place and relevance of secularism in Muslim life. A number of intellectual positions have grown out of these contentious deliberations, as outlined by experts on global Islam such as John Esposito, Vali Nasr, and Jeffrey Kenney, to name a few. The first is the “rejectionist” approach that sets Islam apart from secularism. Muslims ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Notices
    • Abstract: The Journal of the History of Ideas is pleased to announce the winner of the Morris D. Forkosch Prize ($2,000) for the best first book in intellectual history published in 2018: Elias Muhanna, for The World in a Book: Al-Nuwayri and the Islamic Encyclopedic Tradition, published by Princeton University Press.Eligible submissions are limited to the first book published by a single author, and to books published in English. The subject matter of submissions must pertain to one or more of the disciplines associated with intellectual history and the history of ideas broadly conceived: viz., history (including the histories of the various arts and sciences); philosophy (including the philosophy of science, aesthetics ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Contents of Volume 80
    • Abstract: ... Read More
      Keywords: Freedom of speech; Boreel, Adam,; Espagne, Jean d',; Jewish philosophy; Manasseh ben Israel,; Spinoza, Benedictus de,; Philosophy, British; Genius; Germany; Scott, Geoffrey,; Wölfflin, Heinrich,; Burckhardt, Jacob,; Berenson, Bernard,; Liberalis
      PubDate: 2019-10-12T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
 
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