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Journal Cover InterActions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information
  [26 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1548-3320
   Published by eScholarship Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Retrospective morphometric analysis of the infraorbital foramen with cone
           beam computed tomography

    • Authors: S Dagistan, Ö Miloǧlu, O Altun, EK Umar
      Pages: 1053 - 1064
      Abstract: S Dagistan, Ö Miloǧlu, O Altun, EK Umar
      Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1053-1064
      Objective: The aim of our study is to examine the morphometric characteristics of the infraorbital foramen (IOF) and its anatomic localization by using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: In our study, the anatomic characteristics of the IOF were identified by studying retrospectively the CBCT images of one hundred twenty-five (125) patients. These characteristics were assessed statistically in terms of age, gender, and right-left side. Results: In our study, 42% of them had IOF in circular form and 58% in oval form. Of them 66.90% of those in oval form were in oblique direction, 28.30% of them were in vertical direction, and 4.80% of them were in horizontal direction. The mean vertical diameter of the IOF was found as 3.71 ± 0.61 mm and its mean horizontal diameter was found as 3.17 ± 0.56 mm. The mean distance of IOF to midline were measured as 25.10 ± 2.17 mm, distance to upper edge of the orbita was measured as 41.91 ± 2.77 mm, distance to infraorbital edge was measured as 5.63 ± 1.77 mm, distance to the lateral nasal wall was measured as 9.32 ± 2.68 mm, distance to spina nasalis anterior was measured as 17.97 ± 3.99 mm, thickness of the soft tissue on the foramen was measured as 11.52 ± 2.40 mm, and distance between the right and the left IOF was measured as 50.20 ± 3.90 mm. Accessory foramen was found in 56.60% ratio. Conclusion: This study reveals that CBCT may guide for local anesthesia applications and for other invasive procedures in order to prevent the damage of the neurovascular structures during maxillofacial surgery by identifying the distances of anatomic points such as IOF having surgically importance.
      Citation: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1053-1064
      PubDate: Thu,26 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.217247
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Cancer patients and oncology nursing: Perspectives of oncology nurses in
           Turkey

    • Authors: S Kamisli, D Yuce, B Karakilic, S Kilickap, M Hayran
      Pages: 1065 - 1073
      Abstract: S Kamisli, D Yuce, B Karakilic, S Kilickap, M Hayran
      Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1065-1073
      Background and Aim: Burnout and exhaustion is a frequent problem in oncology nursing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the aspects of oncology nurses about their profession in order to enhance the standards of oncology nursing. Materials and Methods: This survey was conducted with 70 oncology nurses working at Hacettepe University Oncology Hospital. Data were collected between January–April 2012. Each participant provided a study form comprising questions about sociodemographic information; about difficulties, positive aspects and required skills for oncology nursing; and questions evaluating level of participation and clinical perception of oncology nursing. Results: Mean age of nurses was 29.9 ± 5.7 years. More than half of the participants were married (51.4%) and 30% had at least one child. Percent of nurses working in oncology for their entire work life was 75.8%. Most frequently expressed difficulties were exhaustion (58.6%), coping with the psychological problems of the patients (25.7%), and frequent deaths (24.3%); positive aspects were satisfaction (37.1%), changing the perceptions about life (30%), and empathy (14.3%); and required skills were patience (60%), empathy (57.1%), and experience (50%). For difficulties of oncology nursing, 28.3% of difficulties could be attributed to job-related factors, 30.3% to patient-related factors, and 77% of difficulties to individual factors. The independent predictors of participation level of the nurses were self-thoughts of skills and positive aspects of oncology nursing. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, nurses declared that working with cancer patients increase burnout, they are insufficient in managing work stress and giving psychological care to patients, but their job satisfaction, clinical skills and awareness regarding priorities of life has increased.
      Citation: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1065-1073
      PubDate: Thu,26 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_108_16
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • An audit of endometrial hyperplasias at the Lagos University Teaching
           Hospital

    • Authors: OO Dawodu, NZ Ikeri, AA Banjo
      Pages: 1074 - 1078
      Abstract: OO Dawodu, NZ Ikeri, AA Banjo
      Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1074-1078
      Introduction: There has been much controversy and confusion surrounding the endometrial hyperplasias stemming from the use of a wide variety of terminologies and also from the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the various entities. The current classification by the World Health Organization (WHO) published in 2014 clarifies these issues. Objective: The aim of this study, therefore, was to audit and standardize cases of endometrial hyperplasia diagnosed in our institution from 2007 to 2011. Materials and Methods: The slides and request forms of cases diagnosed as endometrial hyperplasias at the Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011 were retrieved, reviewed, and reported according to the WHO 2014 classification scheme. Results: Hyperplasia without atypia accounted for the vast majority of cases (95.5%) and was the most common in the 5th decade. Concordance rates of 74.5% and 100% were found between endometrial hyperplasias without atypia and atypical hyperplasias with their previous diagnoses, respectively. Conclusion: The WHO classification scheme standardizes and simplifies the terminology used in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasias, while reflecting, at the same time, the current understanding of genetic changes that provide information necessary for prognostication and treatment.
      Citation: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1074-1078
      PubDate: Thu,26 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_274_16
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Predictors of male condom utilization in Plateau State, Nigeria

    • Authors: MP Chingle, PA Odunze, A Mohammed, TT Bitto, OY Sodipo, AI Zoakah
      Pages: 1079 - 1087
      Abstract: MP Chingle, PA Odunze, A Mohammed, TT Bitto, OY Sodipo, AI Zoakah
      Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1079-1087
      Background: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. Methodology: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done. Data were collected through a cross-sectional study using multistage cluster sampling technique from 393 consenting males aged 15–49 years in Plateau State using a semistructured, closed-ended questionnaire. Survey data quality was ascertained using field check tables during data entry. The dataset was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 software (SPSS, IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA). Condom utilization prevalence rate was calculated for the 393 males, while predictors were determined by logistic regression. P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean age of the respondents was 31.05 ± 9.395 years. Most (90.3%) of the respondents were aware of at least one of the various family planning methods. The prevalence of condom use among them was 15.5% with the 20–29 years' age group having the highest proportion (28.8%). Significant associations were found between condom use and age, level of wealth, level of education, marital status, knowledge of contraception, occupation, and religion. Predictors of condom use include level of wealth (middle class), not being married, and primary level education. Conclusions: The prevalence of male condom use is low in Plateau State. The predictors of condom use are level of wealth, being unmarried, and primary level of education. Having only a primary level of education and been in the middle class reduces the likelihood of using condoms while being unmarried increases it.
      Citation: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1079-1087
      PubDate: Thu,26 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_56_17
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • A survey of the perception of the quality of and preference of healthcare
           services amongst residents of Abeokuta South Local Government, Ogun State,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: AS Oredola, OO Odusanya
      Pages: 1088 - 1097
      Abstract: A
      Citation: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1088-1097
      DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_228_16
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 9
       
 
 
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