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British Journal of Political Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 4.661
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 211  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-1234 - ISSN (Online) 1469-2112
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [374 journals]
  • JPS volume 49 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123419000139
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • JPS volume 49 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123419000140
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Restoring Confidence in Post-Conflict Security Sectors: Survey Evidence
           from Liberia on Female Ratio Balancing Reforms
    • Authors: Sabrina Karim
      Pages: 799 - 821
      Abstract: Civilian confidence in domestic institutions, particularly in the security sector, is important for stability and state consolidation in post-conflict countries, where third-party peacekeepers have helped maintain peace and security after a conflict. While other scholars have suggested that a strong security sector is necessary for mitigating the credible commitment problem, this article provides two alternative criteria for assessing security sector reforms’ effect on confidence in the security sector: restraint and inclusiveness. Female ratio balancing in the security sector meets these two criteria, suggesting that it has the potential to help enhance confidence in the security sector and thereby create the right conditions for the peacekeeping transition. The argument is tested using original surveys conducted in post-conflict, ex-combatant communities in Liberia. The expectations received empirical support. The findings indicate that restraining and inclusive reforms could improve trust in the state’s security sector. They also demonstrate the importance of considering gender in theories related to post-conflict peace building and international relations more broadly.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000035
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Political Dynamics of Bureaucratic Turnover
    • Authors: Carl Dahlström; Mikael Holmgren
      Pages: 823 - 836
      Abstract: This Research Note explores the political dynamics of bureaucratic turnover. It argues that changes in a government’s policy objectives can shift both political screening strategies and bureaucratic selection strategies, which produces turnover of agency personnel. To buttress this conjecture, it analyzes a unique dataset tracing the careers of all agency heads in the Swedish executive bureaucracy between 1960 and 2014. It shows that, despite serving on fixed terms and with constitutionally protected decision-making powers, Swedish agency heads are considerably more likely to leave their posts following partisan shifts in government. The note concludes that, even in institutional systems seemingly designed to insulate bureaucratic expertise from political control, partisan politics can shape the composition of agency personnel.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000230
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Nationalism in a Liberal Register: Beyond the ‘Paradox of
           Universalism’ in Immigrant Integration Politics
    • Authors: Kristian Kriegbaum Jensen; Per Mouritsen
      Pages: 837 - 856
      Abstract: In recent years scholars have observed a restrictive turn in West European immigrant integration policies towards conditioning access to permanent residence and citizenship on language proficiency, knowledge of history, institutions, culture and political values, national loyalty and labour market integration. This has been accompanied by a strong reaction among European politicians and publics emphasizing that newcomers must share in certain liberal-democratic values and virtues that characterize the national community. Yet, the influential scholar Christian Joppke argues, among others, that liberal values cannot define national particularity, nor can cultural integration be enforced because legislation and policies are legally and normatively constrained by the same liberal values. Hence, prevalent liberal conceptions of national identity are paradoxical and inconsequential for the formulation of public policies. This article critically examines this argument in detail. It argues that the paradox of universalism does not exist, and that therefore nationalism should not be dismissed as a central factor behind recent policy developments.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000806
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Hitting Them With Carrots: Voter Intimidation and Vote Buying in Russia
    • Authors: Timothy Frye; Ora John Reuter, David Szakonyi
      Pages: 857 - 881
      Abstract: Scholars have identified many ways that politicians use carrots, such as vote buying, to mobilize voters, but have paid far less attention to how they use sticks, such as voter intimidation. This article develops a simple argument which suggests that voter intimidation should be especially likely where vote buying is expensive and employers have greater leverage over employees. Using survey experiments and crowd-sourced electoral violation reports from the 2011–12 election cycle in Russia, the study finds evidence consistent with these claims. Moreover, it finds that where employers have less leverage over employees, active forms of monitoring may supplement intimidation in order to encourage compliance. These results suggest that employers can be reliable vote brokers; that voter intimidation can persist in a middle-income country; and that, under some conditions, intimidation may be employed without the need for active monitoring.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000752
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Hitting Them With Carrots: Voter Intimidation and Vote Buying in Russia
           – CORRIGENDUM
    • Authors: Timothy Frye; Ora John Reuter, David Szakonyi
      Pages: 882 - 882
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123419000036
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Internal Opposition Dynamics and Restraints on Authoritarian Control
    • Authors: Grant T. Buckles
      Pages: 883 - 900
      Abstract: Autocrats rely on co-optation to limit opposition mobilization and remain in power. Yet not all opposition parties that pose a threat to their regime are successfully co-opted. This article provides a formal model to show that reliance on activists influences whether an opposition leader receives and accepts co-optation offers from an autocrat. Activists strengthen a party’s mobilization efforts, yet become disaffected when their leader acquiesces to the regime. This dynamic undermines the co-optation of parties with a strong activist base, particularly those with unitary leadership. Activists have less influence over elite negotiations in parties with divided leadership, which can promote collusion with the regime. The results ultimately suggest that party activism can erode authoritarian control, but may encourage wasteful conflicts with the government.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000126
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Ethnicity and the Swing Vote in Africa’s Emerging Democracies:
           Evidence from Kenya
    • Authors: Jeremy Horowitz
      Pages: 901 - 921
      Abstract: Who are Africa’s swing voters' This article argues that in settings where ethnicity is politically salient, core and swing are defined by whether ethnic groups have a co-ethnic leader in the election. For members of ethnic groups with a co-ethnic in the race, there is typically less uncertainty about which party or candidate will best represent the group’s interests. For members of groups without a co-ethnic in the race, uncertainty is often greater, making these voters potentially more receptive to campaign persuasion and more likely to change voting intentions during the campaign. Consistent with these expectations, panel data from Kenya’s 2013 presidential election shows that voters from groups without a co-ethnic in the race were more than two and a half times more likely to change their voting intentions during the campaign period.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000011
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Electoral Competition, Control and Learning
    • Authors: Torun Dewan; Rafael Hortala-Vallve
      Pages: 923 - 939
      Abstract: This article explores an agency model in which voters learn about both an incumbent and an opponent. They observe the incumbent’s policy record and update their beliefs about his opponent via a campaign. Although the former is relatively more informative, it can be costly for the voter to learn about the incumbent from her policy record. This is because policy reforms, which allow a voter to learn an incumbent’s ability, are risky and can leave the voter worse off. Then the voter may prefer the incumbent to take safer actions. The efficient level of reform – the one preferred by the voter – balances the value of learning with the expected policy costs/benefits. In a world where the opponent’s campaign is uninformative, reform can be too low due to the incumbent’s fear of failure. Or it can be too high: the incumbent may gamble on success. This article shows that the presence of an opponent who can reveal information via a campaign exacerbates these inefficiencies. An incumbent who anticipates the effect of an opponent’s campaign on voter beliefs is more likely to make inefficient policy choices. Further, such campaigns can lead to an overall welfare loss when they reveal little about the opponent’s ability and yet have an impact on the incumbent’s policy choice.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000764
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • A Matter of Representation: Spatial Voting and Inconsistent Policy
    • Authors: Lukas F. Stoetzer
      Pages: 941 - 956
      Abstract: The application of spatial voting theories to popular elections presupposes an electorate that chooses political representatives on the basis of their well-structured policy preferences. Behavioral researchers have long contended that parts of the electorate instead hold unstructured and inconsistent policy beliefs. This article proposes an extension to spatial voting theories to analyze the effect of varying consistency in policy preferences on electoral behavior. The model results in the expectation that voters with less consistent policy preferences will put less weight on policy distance when learning about candidates who should represent their political positions. The study tests this expectation for the 2008 US presidential election, and finds that for respondents with less consistent self-placements on the liberal–conservative scale, policy distance less strongly affects their voting decision. The results have implications for the quality of political representation, as certain parts of the electorate are expected to be less closely represented.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000102
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Are Parties Equally Responsive to Women and Men'
    • Authors: Jonathan Homola
      Pages: 957 - 975
      Abstract: This article explores (1) whether policy makers are equally responsive to the preferences of women and men and (2) whether the increased presence of women in parliament improves responsiveness to women’s preferences. Using a time-series cross-sectional analysis of 351 party shifts by sixty-eight different parties across twelve Western European countries, the study finds that parties respond to the preference shifts of women and men. However, parties are more responsive to the preference shifts among men than among women – a finding that is not affected by the share of female politicians in parliament. The findings question the implicit assumption that substantive political representation of women necessarily follows from their descriptive representation in legislatures.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000114
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Informational Role of Party Leader Changes on Voter Perceptions of
           Party Positions
    • Authors: Pablo Fernandez-Vazquez; Zeynep Somer-Topcu
      Pages: 977 - 996
      Abstract: According to spatial models of elections, citizen perceptions of party policy positions are a key determinant of voting choices. Yet recent scholarship from Europe suggests that voters do not adjust their perceptions according to what parties advocate in their campaigns. This article argues that voters develop a more accurate understanding of parties’ ideological positions following a leadership change because a new leader increases the credibility of party policy offerings. Focusing on Western European parties in the 1979–2012 period, it shows that having a new leader is a necessary condition for voters to more accurately perceive the left–right placements of opposition parties. Voters do not use party platforms to form perceptions of incumbent parties’ positions, regardless of whether the leader is new or veteran. These results have important implications for models of party competition and democratic representation.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000047
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Organized Labor as the New Undeserving Rich': Mass Media, Class-Based
           Anti-Union Rhetoric and Public Support for Unions in the United States
    • Authors: John V. Kane; Benjamin J. Newman
      Pages: 997 - 1026
      Abstract: Labor unions play a prominent role in the economy and in politics, and have long been depicted by opponents as an overly powerful, corrupt and economically harmful institution. In labor-related news in recent years, anti-union rhetoric has regularly focused on union workers themselves, frequently portraying them as overpaid, greedy and undeserving of their wealth, while also drawing a contrast between the compensation of union vs. non-union workers. This type of rhetoric is referred to here as class-based anti-union rhetoric (CAR). Despite its prevalence, it remains unknown whether CAR affects public opinion toward unions. This study uses a series of national survey experiments to demonstrate that exposure to CAR reduces the perceived similarity of targeted union workers, unions’ perceived deservingness of public support and support for pro-union legislation. Moreover, CAR repeatedly nullified or reversed the otherwise positive relationship between the strength of worker identity and solidarity with union workers.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S000712341700014X
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Antidiscrimination Laws, Policy Knowledge and Political Support
    • Authors: Conrad Ziller; Marc Helbling
      Pages: 1027 - 1044
      Abstract: This study investigates how antidiscrimination policy and related policy knowledge influence citizens’ support for the democratic system and its institutions. The article argues that antidiscrimination measures and knowledge about rights to equal treatment foster perceptions of government responsiveness, which increase political support among target groups and citizens who advocate egalitarianism. Utilizing a longitudinal design and more valid measures to resolve causality issues, the results of the empirical models show that increases in policy knowledge over time systematically predict higher political support, especially among individuals who hold egalitarian values. Individuals who are discriminated against express particularly high political support in contexts where antidiscrimination laws are expanded. Overall, the results amplify the role of policy knowledge as a key factor in studying policy feedback effects.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000163
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Are Cultural and Economic Conservatism Positively Correlated' A
           Large-Scale Cross-National Test
    • Authors: Ariel Malka; Yphtach Lelkes, Christopher J. Soto
      Pages: 1045 - 1069
      Abstract: The right–left dimension is ubiquitous in politics, but prior perspectives provide conflicting accounts of whether cultural and economic attitudes are typically aligned on this dimension within mass publics around the world. Using survey data from ninety-nine nations, this study finds not only that right–left attitude organization is uncommon, but that it is more common for culturally and economically right-wing attitudes to correlate negatively with each other, an attitude structure reflecting a contrast between desires for cultural and economic protection vs. freedom. This article examines where, among whom and why protection–freedom attitude organization outweighs right–left attitude organization, and discusses the implications for the psychological bases of ideology, quality of democratic representation and the rise of extreme right politics in the West.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000072
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Club Approach: A Gateway to Effective Climate Co-operation'
    • Authors: Jon Hovi; Detlef F. Sprinz, Håkon Sælen, Arild Underdal
      Pages: 1071 - 1096
      Abstract: Although the Paris Agreement arguably made some progress, interest in supplementary approaches to climate change co-operation persist. This article examines the conditions under which a climate club might emerge and grow. Using agent-based simulations, it shows that even with less than a handful of major actors as initial members, a club can eventually reduce global emissions effectively. To succeed, a club must be initiated by the ‘right’ constellation of enthusiastic actors, offer sufficiently large incentives for reluctant countries and be reasonably unconstrained by conflicts between members over issues beyond climate change. A climate club is particularly likely to persist and grow if initiated by the United States and the European Union. The combination of club-good benefits and conditional commitments can produce broad participation under many conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000788
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Impact of Economic Crises on Political Representation in Public
           Communication: Evidence from the Eurozone
    • Authors: Simon Weschle
      Pages: 1097 - 1116
      Abstract: External threats such as war have been shown to disrupt representation as politicians ‘put politics aside’ and cooperate across cleavages. This article examines whether a severe economic crisis can have a similar effect. It introduces a new approach that provides a spatial representation of how political parties represent societal actors in their public interactions, based on more than 140,000 machine coded news events from eleven eurozone countries between 2001 and 2011. The study shows that in bad economic times, there is a compression of political representation: parties’ relationships with the societal groups they are closest to become less cooperative, while their relationships with the groups they are least close to become less conflictual.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000023
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • The Role of Evidence in Politics: Motivated Reasoning and Persuasion among
    • Authors: Martin Baekgaard; Julian Christensen, Casper Mondrup Dahlmann, Asbjørn Mathiasen, Niels Bjørn Grund Petersen
      Pages: 1117 - 1140
      Abstract: Does evidence help politicians make informed decisions even if it is at odds with their prior beliefs' And does providing more evidence increase the likelihood that politicians will be enlightened by the information' Based on the literature on motivated political reasoning and the theory about affective tipping points, this article hypothesizes that politicians tend to reject evidence that contradicts their prior attitudes, but that increasing the amount of evidence will reduce the impact of prior attitudes and strengthen their ability to interpret the information correctly. These hypotheses are examined using randomized survey experiments with responses from 954 Danish politicians, and results from this sample are compared to responses from similar survey experiments with Danish citizens. The experimental findings strongly support the hypothesis that politicians are biased by prior attitudes when interpreting information. However, in contrast to expectations, the findings show that the impact of prior attitudes increases when more evidence is provided.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000084
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Gender Differences in Vote Choice: Social Cues and Social Harmony as
    • Authors: Eelco Harteveld; Stefan Dahlberg, Andrej Kokkonen, Wouter Van Der Brug
      Pages: 1141 - 1161
      Abstract: Some parties are more popular among men, while other parties attract more female voters. This article proposes that these differences can be partially explained by two recurring gender differences in the socio-psychological literature. It argues that men’s generally lower sensitivity to social cues makes them more likely to vote for stigmatized and small parties, whereas women’s greater concern with social harmony is expected to make them less likely to vote for extreme parties. The models are tested at the individual and party levels using three waves of Comparative Study of Electoral Systems data from twenty-eight countries. Ceteris paribus, men are more likely than women to vote for parties that are socially stigmatized or ideologically extreme. This has consequences for the current understanding of gender gaps in voting, and reiterates that voting has important social aspects.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000138
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Health and Voting in Young Adulthood
    • Authors: Christopher Ojeda; Julianna Pacheco
      Pages: 1163 - 1186
      Abstract: Do changes in health lead to changes in the probability of voting' Using two longitudinal datasets, this article looks at the impact of three measures of health – physical health, mental health and overall well-being – on voting trajectories in young adulthood. The results show that self-rated health is associated with a lower probability of voting in one’s first election, depression is related to a decline in turnout over time and physical limitations are unrelated to voting. Some familial resources from childhood are also found to condition when the health–participation effect manifests.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000151
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
  • Measuring Public Support for European Integration across Time and
           Countries: The ‘European Mood’ Indicator
    • Authors: Isabelle Guinaudeau; Tinette Schnatterer
      Pages: 1187 - 1197
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000776
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 3 (2019)
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