Journal Cover
British Journal of Political Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 4.661
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 169  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-1234 - ISSN (Online) 1469-2112
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [371 journals]
  • JPS volume 48 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123418000170
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • JPS volume 48 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123418000182
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The Ethics of Political Alliance
    • Authors: Jonathan White
      Pages: 593 - 609
      Abstract: Usually pictured in relations of opposition, political parties are sometimes inclined to make alliances. This article examines the ethical questions such arrangements give rise to. It considers first the formal characteristics of an alliance as a distinctive form of association, moving on to examine what reasons for alliance are good reasons. Intrinsic arguments that invoke epistemic or democratic criteria, and instrumental arguments that cite areas of shared programme or imperfect institutions, are weighed in turn, with the latter judged to be more consistent with the partisan ethos. The final section examines the normative standards to which alliances should be held once formed.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123417000709
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Do Men and Women Have Different Policy Preferences in Africa'
           Determinants and Implications of Gender Gaps in Policy Prioritization
    • Authors: Jessica Gottlieb; Guy Grossman, Amanda Lea Robinson
      Pages: 611 - 636
      Abstract: Policies designed to increase women’s representation in Africa are often motivated by the assumption that men and women have different policy preferences. This article finds that gender differences in policy priorities are actually quite small on average, but vary significantly across policy domains and countries. The study leverages this variation to show that the economic and social empowerment of women influences the size of gender gaps in the prioritization of two important domains. In particular, women’s participation in the labor force – an indicator of economic empowerment – narrows the gender gap in the prioritization of infrastructure investment and access to clean water, while social vulnerability widens the gap on prioritizing infrastructure investment. Finally, the article shows that the places where women and men have the most divergent policy preferences – and thus where formal representation is most important – are precisely the places where women are currently the most poorly represented and least active in formal politics.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000053
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • The Political Consequences of Gender in Social Networks
    • Authors: Paul Djupe; Scott Mcclurg, Anand Edward Sokhey
      Pages: 637 - 658
      Abstract: Recent research on political discussion has focused on whether aspects of interaction create a ‘democratic dilemma’ for the mass public in which people face a choice between political participation and political tolerance. This article argues that there are important variations in how people react to their immediate social contacts. It explores this idea by studying how social disagreement and expertise interact with gender to explain variance in political participation. First, it shows that there are conflicting expectations in the literature about how such dynamics should manifest, despite agreement that men and women should experience different kinds and degrees of social influence. Secondly, it examines these expectations by revisiting prominent, network-based explanations of political participation; it finds that these relationships do not display consistency across sex differences. The results point to the existence of varied ‘social logics’ for men and women, and suggest the need to reconsider how to think about the efficacy of discussion and disagreement in a democratic society.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000156
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Women’s Representation, Accountability and Corruption in Democracies
    • Authors: Justin Esarey; Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
      Pages: 659 - 690
      Abstract: At the turn of the twenty-first century, an important pair of studies established that greater female representation in government is associated with lower levels of perceived corruption in that government. But recent research finds that this relationship is not universal and questions why it exists. This article presents a new theory explaining why women’s representation is only sometimes related to lower corruption levels and provides evidence in support of that theory. The study finds that the women’s representation–corruption link is strongest when the risk of corruption being detected and punished by voters is high – in other words, when officials can be held electorally accountable. Two primary mechanisms underlie this theory: prior evidence shows that (1) women are more risk-averse than men and (2) voters hold women to a higher standard at the polls. This suggests that gender differences in corrupt behavior are proportional to the strength of electoral accountability. Consequently, the hypotheses predict that the empirical relationship between greater women’s representation and lower perceived corruption will be strongest in democracies with high electoral accountability, specifically: (1) where corruption is not the norm, (2) where press freedom is respected, (3) in parliamentary systems and (4) under personalistic electoral rules. The article presents observational evidence that electoral accountability moderates the link between women’s representation and corruption in a time-series, cross-sectional dataset of seventy-six democratic-leaning countries.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000478
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Democratic Accountability and the Politics of Mass Administrative
           Reorganization
    • Authors: Anthony M. Bertelli; J. Andrew Sinclair
      Pages: 691 - 711
      Abstract: Governments face different incentives when they reorganize many administrative agencies at one time rather than making infrequent, case-by-case changes. This article develops a theory of mass administrative reorganizations, which posits that the politics of reorganization is focused on government accountability. Viewing mass reorganization as a structured decision, it argues that choices about independence, agency organization and functional disposition have different impacts on the political costs of administrative policy making. Analyzing novel data from a recent British reorganization with sequential logistic statistical models provides substantial support for these claims. The study challenges the focus on organizational survival in the existing literature. By eschewing more fundamental political questions of democratic accountability, the prevailing approach masks essential politics, and in the context of this study, all influence of conflict due to party and agency policy positions.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000077
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Economic Crises and Trade Policy Competition
    • Authors: Cameron Ballard-Rosa; Allison Carnegie, Nikhar Gaikwad
      Pages: 713 - 748
      Abstract: How do crises affect trade policy' This article reconciles starkly diverging accounts in the literature by showing that economic adversity generates endogenous incentives not only for protection, but also for liberalization. It first formally develops the mechanisms by which two features of shocks – intensity and duration – influence the resources and political strategies of distressed firms. The central insight is that policy adjustments to resuscitate afflicted industries typically generate ‘knock-on’ effects on the profitability and political maneuverings of other firms in the economy. The study incorporates these countervailing pressures in its analysis of trade policy competition. In the wake of crises, protection initially increases when affected firms lobby for assistance, but then decreases as industries run low on resources to expend on lobbying and as firms in other industries mobilize to counter-lobby. The theoretical predictions are tested using sub-national and cross-national data, and real-world illustrations are presented to highlight the mechanisms driving the results.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000132
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Social Norms after Conflict Exposure and Victimization by Violence:
           Experimental Evidence from Kosovo
    • Authors: Vera Mironova; Sam Whitt
      Pages: 749 - 765
      Abstract: An emerging literature points to the heterogeneous effects of violence on social norms and preferences in conflict-ridden societies. This article considers how responses to violence could be affected by in-group/out-group divisions. The research uses lab-in-the-field experiments to gauge norms for pro-social behavior in the aftermath of ethnic violence in post-war Kosovo. The study finds that one set of treatments (ethnicity) captures a negative legacy of violence on parochialism, while another (local/non-local) shows stronger evidence of pro-sociality and norm recovery. Examining individual variation in conflict exposure, it finds that victims of violence are more biased against ethnic out-groups and less pro-social to others outside of their local community. Balancing and matching on observables helps alleviate concerns that the results are driven by selection bias on victimization. Overall, the results suggest that the effects of violence may be contingent on the salience of in-group/out-group cues and boundaries.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000028
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Human Rights, NGO Shaming and the Exports of Abusive States
    • Authors: Timothy M. Peterson; Amanda Murdie, Victor Asal
      Pages: 767 - 786
      Abstract: Does the attention of human rights organizations limit exports from rights-abusing states' This article examines how naming and shaming by human rights organizations (HROs) conditions the influence of human rights abuse on exports, and argues that human rights abuse alone is insufficient to damage a state’s exports. However, as attention to abuse via HRO shaming increases, abuse has an increasingly negative impact on exports. Importantly, this relationship is also conditional on the respect for human rights among importing states; human rights abuse, even if it is shamed, has no effect when importers are similarly abusive. Empirical tests utilizing gravity models of trade incorporating data on physical integrity rights abuse and HRO shaming in 1990–2008 yield strong support for our expectations.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000065
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Justifications and Citizen Competence in Direct Democracy: A Multilevel
           Analysis
    • Authors: Céline Colombo
      Pages: 787 - 806
      Abstract: The criticism that ordinary voters lack the necessary competence to make policy decisions persists despite the growth, popularity and implementation of direct democratic instruments throughout the democratic world. This article presents a novel measure of voters’ levels of justification as a possible, policy-specific, conceptualization of citizen competence in direct democracy. Using a unique dataset based on thirty-four ballot decisions in Switzerland, the study analyses the levels and correlates of citizen competence. The main findings are, first, that most voters do understand arguments about policies. Secondly, the political context as well as individual resources are important in determining voters’ competence. Finally, with regard to individual resources, motivation is strongly associated with justification levels, while the effect of ability is smaller than expected.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000090
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Shared Partisanship, Household Norms and Turnout: Testing a Relational
           Theory of Electoral Participation
    • Authors: Edward Fieldhouse; David Cutts
      Pages: 807 - 823
      Abstract: Previous research shows that the household context is a crucial source of influence on turnout. This article sets out a relational theory of voting in which turnout is dependent on the existence of relational selective consumption benefits. The study provides empirical tests of key elements of the proposed model using household survey data from Great Britain. First, building on expressive theories of voting, it examines the extent to which shared partisan identification enhances turnout. Secondly, extending theories of voting as a social norm, it tests whether the civic norms of citizens’ families or households affect turnout over and above the social norms of the individual. In accordance with expectations of expressive theories of voting, it finds that having a shared party identification with other members of the household increases turnout. It also finds that the civic duty of other household members is important in explaining turnout, even when allowing for respondent’s civic duty.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000089
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Patrimonial Economic Voting and Asset Value – New Evidence from
           Taxation Register Data
    • Authors: Mikael Persson; Johan Martinsson
      Pages: 825 - 842
      Abstract: Recent research on economic voting has moved beyond the traditional reward–punishment hypothesis, according to which the economy is merely considered a valence issue. Instead, patrimonial economic voting research looks at voters as property owners within the economic system. These studies have relied on survey items that measure whether individuals own different kinds of property to test the patrimonial dimension. This study emphasizes the importance of a surprisingly neglected aspect: the value of assets. It uses official register data files from the Swedish Tax Agency on the value of individuals’ assets merged with survey data from the 2006 Swedish National Election Study. The study finds that the relationship between patrimony and voting behavior in Sweden is similar to that found in other countries, but only when it is tested in a similar way as in these studies – that is, only when it is coded as whether voters own different assets. This study brings three important contributions to the debate. First, it offers a new empirically based categorization of the dimensionality of asset ownership and shows that the previous distinction between low- and high-risk assets is insufficient. Secondly, it shows that merely having assets or not, which is what previous studies have measured, is not what primarily matters; the relevant factor is the value of the assets. And thirdly, it demonstrates that only the value of some kinds of assets matters (especially stocks and real estate properties), while other assets (savings in bonds and funds) do not affect voting behavior or political opinions.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000181
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Compulsory Voting and Dissatisfaction with Democracy
    • Authors: Shane P. Singh
      Pages: 843 - 854
      Abstract: Compulsory voting is often linked to pro-democracy orientations in the public. However, there is reason to question the strength and universality of this link. Engaging research on the effects of coercion and punishment, this article argues that forced participation inflates the tendency of those with negative orientations towards democracy to see the democratic system as illegitimate, and to be dissatisfied with democracy. The study finds support for these expectations in analyses of three separate cross-national surveys and a natural experiment. Compulsory voting heightens dissatisfaction with democracy within key segments of the population.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000041
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2018)
       
 
 
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