Journal Cover
Journal of Public Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.719
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 208  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1741-3842 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3850
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [409 journals]
  • HCV treatment barriers among HIV/HCV co-infected patients in the US: a
           qualitative study to understand low uptake among marginalized populations
           in the DAA era
    • Authors: Nápoles T; Batchelder A, Lin A, et al.
      Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundWell-tolerated, highly effective HCV treatment, known as direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), is now recommended for all people living with HCV, providing the tools for HCV elimination. We sought to understand treatment barriers among low-income HIV/HCV coinfected patients and providers with the goal of increasing uptake.MethodsIn 2014, we conducted 26 interviews with HIV/HCV co-infected patients and providers from a San Francisco clinic serving underinsured and publically-insured persons to explore barriers impacting treatment engagement and completion. Interview transcripts were coded, and a thematic analysis was conducted to identify emerging patterns.ResultsConditions of poverty—specifically, meeting basic needs for food, shelter, and safety—undermined patient perceptions of self-efficacy to successfully complete HCV treatment programs. While patient participants expressed interest in HCV treatment, the perceived burden of taking daily medications without strong social support was an added challenge. This need for support contradicted provider assumptions that, due to the shorter-course regimens, support is unnecessary in the DAA era.ConclusionsInterferon-free treatments alone are not sufficient to overcome social-structural barriers to HCV treatment and care among low-income HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Support for patients with unmet social needs may facilitate treatment initiation and completion, particularly among those in challenging socioeconomic situations.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz045
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
  • Country of birth and county of residence and association with overweight
           and obesity—a population-based study of 219 555 pregnancies in Norway
    • Authors: Torkildsen S; Svendsen H, Räisänen S, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundThe aim was to study the effect of country of birth, educational level and county of residence on overweight and obesity among pregnant women in Norway.MethodsObservational study based on Medical Birth Registry Norway and Statistics Norway. The study population consisted of 219 555 deliveries in 2006–2014. Body mass index (BMI) was registered at the first antenatal care visit. Multivariate regression analysis was used to explore the study aims.ResultsOverweight (BMI 25–29.9) was recorded in 22.3% of the women, obesity (BMI ≥30) in 12.2%. Highest rates of overweight (30.8%) and obesity (13.5%) was recorded among women from the Middle East and North Africa or with no education (30.7% and 17.2%). The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 39.5% in sparsely populated counties and 26.4% for women living in Oslo. Adjusted for country of birth, education level, age, parity, smoking and marital status, the relative odds of overweight and obesity were 65% (95% CI 59–72%) higher in sparsely populated counties compared to Oslo.ConclusionsThe prevalence of overweight (BMI ≥25) was 34.5%. The factors associated with overweight were living in rural districts in Norway, lower education and being born in countries in the Middle East or Africa.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz001
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
  • Editorial
    • Pages: 651 - 651
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Dec 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz177
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
  • Pathways to mental health improvement in a community-led area-based
           empowerment initiative: evidence from the Big Local ‘Communities in
           Control’ study, England
    • Authors: McGowan V; Wistow J, Lewis S, et al.
      Pages: 850 - 857
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundArea-based initiatives that include a focus on community empowerment are increasingly being seen as potentially an important way of improving health and reducing inequalities. However, there is little empirical evidence on the pathways between communities having more control and health outcomes.PurposeTo identify pathways to health improvement in a community-led area-based community empowerment initiative.MethodsLongitudinal data on mental health, community control, area belonging, satisfaction, social cohesion and safety were collected over two time points, 6 months apart from 48 participants engaged in the Big Local programme, England. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) was used to explore pathways to health improvement.ResultsThere was no clear single pathway that led to mental health improvement but positive changes in ‘neighbourhood belonging’ featured in 4/5 health improvement configurations. Further, where respondents experienced no improvement in key social participation/control factors, they experienced no health improvement.ConclusionThis study demonstrates a potential pathway between an improvement in ‘neighbourhood belonging’ and improved mental health outcomes in a community empowerment initiative. Increasing neighbourhood belonging could be a key target for mental health improvement interventions.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdy192
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
  • Corrigendum: Observational evidence of the seasonal and demographic
           variation in experienced temperature from 77 743 UK Biobank participants
    • Authors: Kennard H; Huebner G, Shipworth D.
      Pages: 870 - 870
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz073
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
  • Corrigendum: A content analysis of tobacco and alcohol audio-visual
           content in a sample of UK reality TV programmes
    • Authors: Barker A; Britton J, Thomson E, et al.
      Pages: 871 - 871
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdz088
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 4 (2019)
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