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British Journal of Criminology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.828
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 601  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-0955 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3529
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [397 journals]
  • ‘I Did My Bit’: Terrorism, Tarde and the Vehicle Ramming
           Attack as an Imitative Event
    • Authors: Miller V; Hayward K.
      Pages: 1 - 23
      Abstract: This paper considers the recent phenomenon of the vehicle-ramming attack (VRA): i.e. the act of purposely driving a vehicle into pedestrians and populated vehicles. It documents the recent (2015–2017) rise in the prevalence of ramming attacks and how these incidents challenge some of the assumptions we have about terrorism and its causes. Typically, criminologists and terrorist scholars tend to focus on either the ‘psychology’ of individual terrorists or wider structural or ethno-political issues, such as religion, ideological doctrine or the role of terrorist organizations in converting and recruiting people to violence. This paper will adopt a different position, one which focusses less on structure and individual psychology, and more on the act itself, as something that is not merely an expression of an individual or an ideology, but something that has a lure and force all of its own, as something that travels through our contemporary mediascape, to be internalized and imitated by an increasingly varied set of subjects with varying motivations, psychologies, ideologies and circumstantial backgrounds.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy017
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Illegal Ivory Trade as Transnational Organized Crime' an Empirical
           Study Into Ivory Traders in Uganda
    • Authors: Titeca K.
      Pages: 24 - 44
      Abstract: This article examines illegal ivory trade in Uganda, which constitutes a major transport route through which ivory exits Africa. The analysis is based on empirical data collected among illegal ivory traders between 2012 and 2017. The findings unpack the notion of illegal ivory trade as ‘transnational organized crime’, by showing its reliance on local and regional connections, in which ‘nodes’ are crucial. These nodes can be both traders (such as middlemen), and locations (such as border towns), connecting these various levels. In doing so, it shows how this trade functions in a decentralized and loose fashion. There are clear power differences between the traders, which is explained through the kind of connections with government officials.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy009
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • The Modus Operandi of Burglary in Turkey
    • Authors: Mercan B.
      Pages: 45 - 63
      Abstract: Much of criminology has recently tended to replace the sociological concept of professional criminal or ‘good thief’ by the psychological concept of ‘expertise’ that draws attention to the cognitive processing of individualized offenders who automatically become aware of burglary-related cues. Setting out the experiences of a group of ex-offenders in the capital of Turkey, this article proposes the dispositional theory of action in understanding the modus operandi of burglary and further argues that professional burglary is a collective form of action made possible by the combination of bodily and mental dispositions capitalized within an internal organization of burglary. This article not only reveals the intrinsic operational logic of burglary in a non-Western context but also takes the first step in arousing scholarly interest to study the modus operandi of professional burglary specifically in Turkey.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy028
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Police Civilianization and the Production of Underclass Violence: The Case
           of Para-police Chengguan and Street Vendors in Guangzhou, China
    • Authors: Xu J; Jiang A.
      Pages: 64 - 84
      Abstract: Using data collected from systematic social observation, participant observation, interviews, and content analysis of media reports in Guangzhou, this article studies violent confrontation between China’s para-police chengguan (urban management officers) and street vendors. We find that most violent confrontations occur between street vendors and civilian staff—auxiliary chengguan—rather than between street vendors and sworn officers—official chengguan. We further reveal that the unequal power structure within the chengguan system shapes the division of labour between official chengguan and auxiliary chengguan, resulting in most of the ‘dirty work’ of street-level law enforcement being conducted by the latter, the second-class staff in the system. The research contributes to our understanding of pluralised policing and how police civilianization affects a convergence of violence within the underclass as both auxiliary chengguan and street vendors are recruited from urban poor.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy018
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Patterns and Drivers of Co-production in Neighbourhood Watch in England
           and Wales: From Neo-liberalism to New Localism
    • Authors: Brunton-Smith I; Bullock K.
      Pages: 85 - 106
      Abstract: Established in England and Wales in the context of the neo-liberal governments of the 1980s and promoted through the New Local agenda of New Labour and beyond, Neighbourhood Watch (NW) is a primary means through which the state and citizens may co-produce crime control. However, whether citizens have the time or inclination to co-produce is debated, and it is generally believed that NW proliferates in advantaged, low crime rate areas that need it least. Drawing on analysis of the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) (1988–2010/11), this article examines long-term trends in participation in NW. It examines the spread of NW, how household support for NW fluctuates once established and the changing importance of some of the key household drivers of participation in NW. It then assesses the extent to which NW schemes are concentrated in more affluent areas, showing that this is moderated by crime risk.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy012
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Securing the Brisbane 2014 G20 in the wake of the Toronto 2010 G20:
           ‘Failure-inspired’ Learning in Public Order Policing
    • Authors: Molnar A; Whelan C, Boyle P.
      Pages: 107 - 125
      Abstract: Extending inquiries into the dynamics underpinning the ‘iterative’ development of security governance at mega-events, this article explores practices of knowledge sharing and policy transfer at major political summits. Through detailed interviews with police involved in the Toronto 2010 G20 and the Brisbane 2014 G20 summits, and through analysing supporting documentation, we examine the ways in which police interpret past events, as either ‘failures’ or ‘successes’, specifically in the context of public order policing. The article extends insights into how such perceptions are facilitated through transnational exchanges, particularly where event-related ‘failures’ might be considered as a benchmark for iterative policy developments. We explain this process as a form of ‘failure-inspired social learning’ that questions the effectiveness, norms and legitimacy of established policies, practices and institutions involved in security governance, which can influence future transformations in global ‘best practices’.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy014
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • ‘I Fought the Law and the Law Won’: Evidence on Policing Communities
           in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
    • Authors: Jackson P; Kassaye D, Shearon E.
      Pages: 126 - 143
      Abstract: This article examines the introduction of community policing in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. It shows that the relationship between the security actors within the district is a complex one that neither represents a simple dichotomy between state and non-state, nor an emerging clear and hybrid system. Rather it is a negotiated arrangement between a top-down, statist ideology and local forms of justice process, a balance that has historically characterized Ethiopian internal security for decades. The community police initiative offers a positive way of reducing friction between the different policing providers through acting as interlocutors but also enforcing the state’s legitimacy in others. Local providers can use local actors to enhance their reach and their effectiveness but also extend the reach of the state and the legitimacy of the law at the local level constructing a negotiated ambiguity between central control and local agency in policing.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy030
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Age–Crime Relation in India: Similarity or Divergence Vs.
           Hirschi/gottfredson Inverted J-shaped Projection'
    • Authors: Steffensmeier D; Lu Y, Kumar S.
      Pages: 144 - 165
      Abstract: In this study, we used age–crime statistics from India to investigate the two core tenets of Hirschi and Gottfredson’s (HG) invariance thesis that the age distribution of crime is always and everywhere adolescent spiked and thereafter declines continuously into elder ages. Besides comparisons to the inverted J-shaped distribution projected by HG, we further compared Indian age–crime patterns with those in United States (Western nation; main evidential source for HG invariance projection) and Taiwan (like India, a non-Western collectivist society). Findings suggest considerable divergence in India’s age–crime patterns compared with HG invariance norm and US age–crime distributions, but overall similarity with Taiwan’s age–crime schedules. Implications for research and theory on the age–crime relation more broadly are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy011
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Minority Paradoxes: Ethnic Differences in Self-reported Offending and
           Official Crime Statistics
    • Authors: Leerkes A; Martinez R, Groeneveld P.
      Pages: 166 - 187
      Abstract: Immigrants and their native-born children tend to be overrepresented among crime suspects in Europe. Using a representative Dutch survey, we examine whether inhabitants of Turkish and Moroccan origin also self-report more crimes than the native Dutch. In addition, we test various explanations for ethnic differences in crime, partly using variables that are unavailable in administrative data (socio-economic status [SES], perceived discrimination, neighbourhood disadvantage and control, family bonds, religiousness). We discover two ‘minority paradoxes’. Firstly, contrary to analyses using administrative data, both minorities have similar to lower self-reported crime rates compared to the majority group when age, sex, urbanization, SES and social desirability are controlled. Secondly, first-generation immigrants report fewer crimes than expected given their social disadvantage, thus indicating a notable ‘righteous migrant effect’.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy021
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Prison Life and Prior Social Experiences: Understanding their Importance
           for Indigenous Peoples’ Re-entry Outcomes
    • Authors: Ryan N; Ackerman J, Bond C, et al.
      Pages: 188 - 208
      Abstract: This study explores whether differences in Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples’ risk of reincarceration can partially be explained by their social experiences prior-to-prison and their prison-life experiences. Using administrative and self-report data from 1,238 incarcerated Indigenous (n =303) and non-Indigenous (n = 935) people in Australia, we conducted a series of Cox proportional hazards regressions. We found that Indigenous people had a significantly increased risk of reincarceration compared to non-Indigenous people, and that this can partially be explained by social experiences prior-to-prison. However, after conducting multivariate analyses, the association between prison life-experiences and reincarceration was attenuated to the null. The implications for policy and theory are discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy027
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Connected to Crime: An Exploration of the Nesting of Labour Trafficking
           and Exploitation in Legitimate Markets
    • Authors: De Vries I.
      Pages: 209 - 230
      Abstract: This article explores corporate involvement in labour trafficking and labour exploitation based on a content analysis of US court records. Social and economic network concepts guided the qualitative inquiry that seeks to address the nesting of labour trafficking and exploitation in legitimate markets in a more comprehensive way than prior studies have accounted for. The findings are presented in two typologies that describe different roles of corporate firms and categorize situations of labour trafficking and exploitation by differences in the nature and extent of corporate involvement. These typologies provide a new analytical framework upon which future research can evaluate the role of legitimate markets in labour trafficking and exploitation. Altogether, the findings illustrate how a relational approach creates a more comprehensive angle to address corporate involvement in crime.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy019
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • ‘I Felt Like She Owns Me’: Exploitation and Uncertainty in the Lives
           of Labour Trafficking Victims in Ireland
    • Authors: Doyle D; Murphy C, Murphy M, et al.
      Pages: 231 - 251
      Abstract: Although the law relating to ‘modern slavery’ has received increased attention in recent years, the perspectives of labour trafficking victims rarely feature in the literature. The article explores how this vulnerable group experiences the Irish anti-trafficking regime in practice. Drawing on 15 semi-structured interviews, it shows that victims of labour trafficking in Ireland receive minimal assistance from the State at every stage of the trafficking cycle, from prevention and identification to seeking redress for harms suffered. The lived experiences of the participants cut across the spheres of employment, criminal and immigration law, stretching well beyond the ‘silo’ of the anti-trafficking framework. The article concludes by suggesting that victims’ perspectives are an essential part of evidence-based policy responses to the multi-faceted phenomenon of severe labour exploitation, as well as a comprehensive analytical framework. It agrees that existing critiques of the anti-trafficking paradigm are well-founded, but argues that they should also take account of the practical benefits for individuals who are granted ‘victim of trafficking’ status.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy025
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Drift: Illicit Mobility and Uncertain Knowledge. By J. Ferrell (University
           of California Press, 2018, 267 pp. £24.00, ISBN: 9780520295551)
    • Authors: Walklate S.
      Pages: 252 - 253
      Abstract: Drift: Illicit Mobility and Uncertain Knowledge. By FerrellJ. (University of California Press, 2018, 267 pp. £24.00, ISBN: 9780520295551).
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy055
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
  • Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology in the
           Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. By Michele Pifferi (Oxford University
           Press, 2016, 305 pp., hardcover £70, ISBN: 9780198743217)
    • Authors: Koehler J.
      Pages: 254 - 256
      Abstract: Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. By PifferiMichele (Oxford University Press, 2016, 305 pp., hardcover £70, ISBN: 9780198743217)
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy048
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 1 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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