Journal Cover
British Journal of Criminology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.828
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 607  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-0955 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3529
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [409 journals]
  • Crimes of the Senses: Yarn Bombing and Aesthetic Criminology
    • Authors: Millie A.
      Pages: 1269 - 1287
      Abstract: Yarn bombing involves the display of knitted or crocheted items in public space, often without permission. This article draws on interviews with yarn bombers in the North West of England and considers who the yarn bombers are, their motivations and experiences and their views on the legal status of yarn bombing. Although the visual is important for yarn bombing—and it is therefore of interest to visual criminology—this article also looks further to consider other sensory experience. In this way, it contributes to an emerging aesthetic criminology concerned with broader sensory, affective and emotive experience. Drawing on Thrift’s work on urban affect or mood, as well as Anderson and Young on affective atmospheres, yarn bombing is regarded as a crime of the senses affecting both the look and the feel of the city. The scope for further development of an aesthetic criminology is suggested, including specific methodologies that embrace the full range of sensory experiences associated with crime, disorder or social harm.
      PubDate: Wed, 22 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz036
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Mapping Criminological Engagements Within Radicalization Studies
    • Authors: Ahmad F; Monaghan J.
      Pages: 1288 - 1308
      Abstract: Radicalization theories positing a process towards violence are de rigueur in policy circles yet solicit mixed reactions within the academy. Attempting to build a more robust theory of radicalization, scholars have turned towards criminology. On the basis of a survey of literature where radicalization engages criminology, this article maps theories taken up to advance knowledge of radicalization as a process towards terrorist violence. The mapping exercise demonstrates a growing spectrum of criminological theories referenced by radicalization studies; however, these engagements have been selective: tending towards individualistic theories with limited (but recent) engagements with constructivist and structural theory. Contributing to critical interventions within the accelerating domains of theorizing radicalization to violence, we conclude that these engagements lack some of criminology’s broader reflexivity about its object of study.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz023
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • When Peaceful People Fight: Beyond neutralization and subcultural theory
    • Authors: Sandberg S; Copes H, Pedersen W.
      Pages: 1309 - 1327
      Abstract: Fights are widespread in society, but for most people it happens once or twice and is not part of a consistent pattern or lifestyle. Using a narrative criminological framework, we study the stories of violence among people who otherwise seldom engage in violent behaviour. The young Norwegians we interviewed, emphasized that their fights emerged as a response to insults, was fuelled by drinking and could be exciting. Participants had negative evaluations of their fights, took the blame for them, talked down their importance and self-critically used humour to ridicule their involvement. Our study demonstrates the shortcomings of subcultural and neutralization theories when it comes to understanding violent behaviour among those who rarely engage in it.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz032
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Making Sense of ‘Joint Enterprise’ for Murder: Legal Legitimacy or
           Instrumental Acquiescence'
    • Authors: Hulley S; Crewe B, Wright S.
      Pages: 1328 - 1346
      Abstract: The legal doctrine of ‘joint enterprise’ has been heavily criticized for lacking legitimacy, primarily linked to distributive (in)justice. This paper draws on the narratives of ‘joint enterprise prisoners’ serving long life sentences for murder to address such concerns and extend the discussion to questions of ‘legal legitimacy’. Prisoners who were early in their sentences explicitly rejected the legal legitimacy of joint enterprise, while those at a later stage reported ‘accepting’ their conviction and demonstrated ‘consent’ by engaging with their sentence. We argue that rather than representing normative acceptance of the legal legitimacy of joint enterprise over time, this acceptance is a form of instrumental acquiescence associated with ‘dull compulsion’ ‘coping acceptance’ and personal meaning making.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz034
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Does Gender Affect the Number and Type of Charges Laid in Intimate Partner
           Violence Cases'
    • Authors: Bader D; Dawson M, Walters D.
      Pages: 1347 - 1369
      Abstract: Pro-charging policies were implemented in Canada in the 1980s to denounce intimate partner violence (IPV). Since pro-charging policies were implemented, the proportion of men charged remains higher than women charged; however, the proportion of women charged increased dramatically. Little is known about the gendered differences in charging decisions in IPV cases. Utilizing a sample of 1,708 accused charged in IPV cases, logistic regression was employed to examine the influence of accused gender on the number of charges laid and the type of primary offence accused were charged with. The findings reveal there are differences between male- and female-perpetrated violence or responses to their violence, requiring more investigation.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz021
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Immigrant Perceptions of the Police: The Role of Country of Origin and
           Length of Settlement
    • Authors: Jung M; Sprott J, Greene C.
      Pages: 1370 - 1389
      Abstract: Relationships between police and minority groups have been shown to be strained with members of these groups often viewing police in a more negative light. Distinguishing between minority group and immigrant populations, more recent work has shown that foreign-born individuals are more likely to view the police in a more favourable light than native-born populations. Adding to this literature, we examine group-specific factors that shape foreign-born individuals’ views of the police. We find that country of origin and length of settlement are important factors in better understanding immigrants’ perceptions of the police. The study concludes with a discussion of trust in police and recommendations for future research.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz016
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Cooperation with the Police Against Corruption: Exploring the Roles of
           Legitimacy, Deterrence and Collective Action Theories
    • Authors: Tankebe J.
      Pages: 1390 - 1410
      Abstract: In explaining public willingness to cooperate with the police, researchers have disproportionally emphasized legitimacy. Deterrence is presumed to be irrelevant; where it is considered, the approach appears perfunctory. Using survey data from 530 young adults in Ghana, this study examines the relative importance of deterrence and legitimacy perceptions in shaping willingness to report corruption transactions to the police. The results showed that perceptions of legitimacy did not affect the young adults’ willingness to report corruption to the police. The most important and consistent predictors of willingness to report corruption to the police were deterrence-based perceptions, specifically, of the certainty of being apprehended for engaging in corrupt transactions, of the severity of sanctions against such transactions and of the perceived cooperative intentions of other citizens. Deterrence proved particularly salient among those who claimed ignorance of where to report corrupt transactions.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz030
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Going Spatial: Applying Egohoods to Fear of Crime Research
    • Authors: Glas I; Engbersen G, Snel E.
      Pages: 1411 - 1431
      Abstract: A central theme in criminology is how fear of crime is influenced by the residential context. Most researchers rely on administrative neighbourhoods to define context. These administrative units do not necessarily align with how inhabitants experience their local surroundings. The present study combines administrative neighbourhoods with a more innovative way to measure context. Using geocoded survey data (N = 14.620) in combination with detailed geographic information system data, we construct egohoods with different radii (ranging from 50 to 750 m). We find that crime, ethnic diversity, economic status, disorder and facilities all have an effect on feelings of unsafety. The contextual effects differ in size and are not detected in all spatial contexts, indicating that it matters how and to which scale data are aggregated.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz003
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Understanding the Differential Effects of Land Uses on Crime: An
           Examination Across Philadelphia Neighbourhoods
    • Authors: Wo J.
      Pages: 1432 - 1454
      Abstract: Although criminology presumes that the physical structural qualities of neighbourhoods have important consequences for crime, there is a dearth of research to test the effects of different land uses on crime rates. Using data on a sample of Philadelphia census blocks, I compute the percentage of the block area classified into seven land use categories, and I use Poisson models to test the localized and broader spatial impact of each of these land uses on crime, controlling for key sociodemographic characteristics. The results show that to effectively understand the interplay between physical structure and crime rates, researchers should disaggregate nonresidential land uses, account for the surrounding environment in which neighbourhoods are situated and analyse a specific form of moderation.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz019
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Conservation Criminology: Modelling Offender Target Selection for Illegal
           Fishing in Marine Protected Areas
    • Authors: Weekers D; Zahnow R, Mazerolle L.
      Pages: 1455 - 1477
      Abstract: The emergence of conservation criminology over the past decade provides a unique insight into patterns of wildlife crime. Wildlife crime has a dramatic impact on many vulnerable species and represents a significant challenge to the management of protected areas around the world. This paper contributes to the field of conservation criminology by examining the travel patterns of fishing poachers in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park in Australia. The results demonstrate that distance is a key feature of offender target selection, reflecting the established environmental criminology concept of distance decay. The analysis also reveals a significant relationship between individual no-take zones and regional population areas. The applicability of a nodal-oriented approach to wildlife crime prevention is discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz020
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • An Unpaid Debt to Society: How ‘Punishment Debt’ Affects Reintegration
           and Desistance from Crime in Norway
    • Authors: John T.
      Pages: 1478 - 1497
      Abstract: The Scandinavian exceptionalism literature has highlighted the relatively progressive and rehabilitative nature of imprisonment in Norway, with the Norwegian Correctional Services taking the view that those convicted of crimes have paid their debt to society at the end of their sentence. However, other parts of the Norwegian state take a more stringent view, imposing and enforcing significant and persistent debts on offenders. This article, based on official documents and interviews with Norwegian desisters and probation caseworkers, analyses how living with debt poses a major challenge for reintegration and desistance. Referred to informally as ‘punishment debt’, this pervasive but less visible aspect of Norwegian penality demonstrates the need to broaden the penal exceptionalism research agenda beyond the confines of the prison.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz024
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • (De-)Criminalizing Welfare' The Rise and Fall of Social Security Fraud
           Prosecutions in Australia
    • Authors: Wilcock S.
      Pages: 1498 - 1519
      Abstract: The social security fraud prosecution rate has fallen by approximately 74.9 per cent in Australia since 2010. This is remarkable considering the national dialogue continues to propound a ‘zero tolerance’ approach to fraud in the welfare system. Drawing on interviews with compliance staff from the Australian Department of Human Services, documentary research and a Foucauldian governmentality analytic, this article charts and interrogates the declining welfare fraud prosecution rate in the context of neoliberal welfare reform. It argues that this decline is at least partially the result of the reformulation of the objects of prosecution strategies by staff responsible for their enactment. This finding highlights the importance of localized accounts of welfare administration to supplement and complicate macro analyses of the ‘criminalization of welfare’ in Western industrialized nations.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Apr 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz027
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Youth, Community and the Struggle for Social Justice. (Routledge, 2018,
           212 pp. £78.70 hb/£39.20 pb). ISBN: 978-1-315-45621-8
    • Authors: Phoenix J.
      Pages: 1520 - 1522
      Abstract: Youth, Community and the Struggle for Social Justice. By GoddardTim and MyersRandy. (Routledge, 2018, 212 pp. £78.70 hb/£39.20 pb). ISBN: 978-1-315-45621-8
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz046
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
  • Reasons to Doubt: Wrongful Convictions and The Criminal Cases Review
    • Authors: Nobles R.
      Pages: 1523 - 1525
      Abstract: Reasons to Doubt: Wrongful Convictions and the Criminal Cases Review Commission. By HoyleCarolyn and SatoMai ( Oxford University Press, 2019, 414pp. $99 USD)
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz056
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 6 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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