Journal Cover
British Journal of Criminology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.828
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 587  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-0955 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3529
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Police Stop and Search Within British Muslim Communities: Evidence From
           the Crime Survey 2006–11
    • Authors: Hargreaves J.
      Pages: 1281 - 1302
      Abstract: This article discusses police stop and search within British Muslim communities and reports the analysis of statistical data collected by the Crime Survey of England and Wales between 2006 and 2011. The primary aim of the article is to determine the extent to which Crime Survey data support or challenge allegations of police discrimination against British Muslim communities. The context for the study is provided by criminological literature related to the policing of British African Caribbean and British Muslim communities. The article engages with the concept of ‘institutional Islamophobia’ and represents the first known study to model large-scale police stop and search data from British Muslim communities. Overall, the findings reveal a more complex picture of police stop and search practices within these communities than might be assumed from an uncritical reading of the literature.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy013
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Understanding Romance Fraud: Insights From Domestic Violence Research
    • Authors: Cross C; Dragiewicz M, Richards K.
      Pages: 1303 - 1322
      Abstract: Romance fraud affects thousands of victims globally, yet few scholars have studied it. The dynamics of relationships between victims and offenders are not well understood, and the effects are rarely discussed. This article adapts the concept of psychological abuse from studies of domestic violence to better understand romance fraud. Using interviews with 21 Australian romance fraud victims, we show how offenders use non-violent tactics to ensure compliance with ongoing demands for money. This article identifies similarities and differences between domestic violence and romance fraud. We argue that thinking through domestic violence and romance fraud together offers potential benefits to both bodies of research.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy005
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • ‘#It’s Dangerous’: The Online World of Drug Dealers,
           Rappers and the Street Code
    • Authors: Urbanik M; Haggerty K.
      Pages: 1343 - 1360
      Abstract: As the digital divide has narrowed, the internet and social media have become more accessible to disadvantaged populations, including drug dealers, gang members and street hustlers. These individuals increasingly publicize their activities and associations via social media networks. Little is known, however, about the dangers criminal actors face in using social media, and how they manage those risks. Based on interview data and ethnographic observation of criminally-involved men in Toronto’s Regent Park neighbourhood, we argue that the men both reproduce and reinforce many of the dangers of life on the urban streets, while fostering new strategies for managing those risks through an ongoing process of online impression management. In the process, the code of the street goes virtual; dis-embedded from its originating physical location, it circulates on new media platforms, and occasionally becomes re-embedded onto those same streets, but with different inflexions and implications.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx083
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Organized Crime in the United Kingdom: Illegal Governance of Markets and
    • Authors: Campana P; Varese F.
      Pages: 1381 - 1400
      Abstract: This article focuses on governance-type organized crime (OC). First, it explores two cases of illegal governance in Salford (Greater Manchester) and Derbyshire by relying on a wide range of qualitative data. Next, it presents a novel instrument measuring the strength of governance-type OC, the ‘Illegal Governance (i-Gov) Index’. This instrument is then included in a survey we conducted with Derbyshire Constabulary. This is the first systematic attempt to measure such crime in the United Kingdom. The article shows that the governance dimension of OC is present in the United Kingdom, although with varying degrees of sophistication and development. While comparatively rare, this form of OC is pernicious and highly destructive of communities. This article therefore calls for a systematic evaluation of such phenomenon across the United Kingdom, based on the i-Gov Index.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx078
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Valour for Money' Contested Commodification in the Market for Security
    • Authors: Loader I; White A.
      Pages: 1401 - 1419
      Abstract: Scholars of security governance generally assume that the labour of private security officers can straightforwardly be transformed into discrete commodities. We argue, by contrast, that it is extremely difficult to commodify the labour of private security officers because their duties frequently require them to confront and work through both economic responsibilities (what does my contract say') and moral obligations (what does my conscience say'). We substantiate this argument by exploring how heroic acts performed by private security officers—such as preventing suicide attempts, intervening in violent assaults and orchestrating hazardous evacuations—are celebrated through industry awards ceremonies. In so doing, we not only contribute towards the conceptualization of security goods as contested commodities but also facilitate a reappraisal of the market for security.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy004
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Troubling recognitions in British responses to modern slavery
    • Authors: Gadd D; Broad R.
      Pages: 1440 - 1461
      Abstract: This article interrogates the advent of modern slavery policy in Britain, explaining how the police and NGO sector have welcomed an organized crime model, politically conceived in ‘excessively positive’ terms. Deploying Christopher Bollas’ (1993: 167) concept of ‘violent innocence’, defined as a defence against the ‘desire to be innocent of a troubling recognition’, we argue that the politics of modern slavery render it difficult for many to imagine offenders as anything other than the ‘evil’ nemesis of ‘innocent’ victims. The article argues for the need to be mindful of Britain’s historical role in the advent of slavery and practices like it, and recognition of the extent to which immigration control practices exacerbate the vulnerabilities to exploitation modern slavery policy attempts to tackle.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx082
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Owning Risk: Sex Worker Subjectivities and the Reimagining of
           Vulnerability and Victimhood
    • Authors: Sibley M.
      Pages: 1462 - 1479
      Abstract: The 2013 Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford decision saw a fundamental shift in the discursive constructions of sex worker identities. Moving away from sex work as a societal nuisance, the landmark case highlights the complexities of sex work regulation through a language of risk. Exploring the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision and the testimony presented in the Bedford trials, I argue that sex workers articulate their legal position by downloading risk onto their own subjectivities, navigating the sex trade through technologies of risk management, simultaneously reproducing and challenging notions of ideal victimhood. This paper maps these attachments towards and away from vulnerability and victimhood and explores the ways sex workers subvert their at-risk identities for a subject position that is risk-aware.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy010
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Accommodating the Expressive Function of Victim Impact Statements: The
           Scope for Victims’ Voices in Dutch Courtrooms
    • Authors: Booth T; Bosma A, Lens K.
      Pages: 1480 - 1498
      Abstract: The expressive function of victim impact statements (VISs) enables victims to have a voice in legal proceedings—to speak and be heard about the harm caused by the offence. VISs have been adopted in many jurisdictions. While research reveals legal and institutional constraints on the expressive function of VISs in many jurisdictions with adversarial proceedings, we know little about the implementation of VISs in inquisitorial systems. We address this gap by reporting findings of an observational study that examines the scope for victims’ voices in criminal legal proceedings in the Netherlands. We find that these proceedings are better adapted to accommodate the expressive function of VISs. There is greater scope for victims to speak and be heard through their VISs.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy001
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Convict Criminology in England: Developments and Dilemmas
    • Authors: Earle R.
      Pages: 1499 - 1516
      Abstract: Convict criminology is the criminology of prisoners or ex-prisoners who combine their prison experience with a higher degree in criminology. It has been associated with the carceral conditions of the United States, the exceptional scholarship of John Irwin and the activities of the US Convict Criminology group. In the United Kingdom, a vibrant prison research culture has combined with the expansion of higher education and the continued growth of prison populations to generate potential for convict criminology in England. This article combines personal experience of imprisonment, prison research and interviews with suitably ‘qualified’ criminologists to explore this potential. The author argues that lived experience of imprisonment can extend the boundaries of the criminological imagination and foster novel approaches to criminological practice.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy016
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism. By Mark S. Hamm and Ramon Spaaij (New
           York: Columbia University Press, 2017 pp. 307, £27.00)
    • Authors: Balafoutis C.
      Pages: 1521 - 1523
      Abstract: The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism. By HammMark S. and SpaaijRamon (New York: Columbia University Press, 2017 pp. 307, £27.00)
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy022
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Transforming Summary Justice: Modernisation in the Lower Criminal Courts.
           By Jenni Ward (London: Routledge, 2017, 164 pp. £93.99)
    • Authors: Yates S.
      Pages: 1523 - 1525
      Abstract: Transforming Summary Justice: Modernisation in the Lower Criminal Courts. By WardJenni (London: Routledge, 2017, 164 pp. £93.99)
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy023
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • On the Parole Board: Reflections on Crime, Punishment, Redemption, and
           Justice. By Frederic G. Reamer (Columbia University Press, 2017, 296 pp.,
           Paperback, $30 USD)
    • Authors: Guiney T.
      Pages: 1526 - 1528
      Abstract: On the Parole Board: Reflections on Crime, Punishment, Redemption, and Justice. By ReamerFrederic G. (Columbia University Press, 2017, 296 pp., Paperback, $30 USD)
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy035
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • Social Censure and Critical Criminology: After Sumner. By Anthony
           Amatrudo, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 377 + xix
    • Authors: Canton R.
      Pages: 1528 - 1533
      Abstract: Social Censure and Critical Criminology: After Sumner. By AmatrudoAnthony, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 377 + xix.
      PubDate: Thu, 16 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azy034
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Changing Shape of Street-Level Heroin and Crack Supply in England:
           Commuting, Holidaying and Cuckooing Drug Dealers Across ‘County Lines’
    • Authors: Coomber R; Moyle L.
      Pages: 1323 - 1342
      Abstract: Street-level drug markets have traditionally been understood as operating predominantly at a local level, and there has been an absence of contemporary research that has challenged accepted thinking around their shape and organization. This article aims to outline an important development in the retail drug supply landscape, analysing a fast evolving and expanding drug supply model that involves ‘outreach’ selling from major supply hubs, direct to heroin/crack users in provincial satellite areas. Drawing on a mixed method approach analysing heroin/crack markets in six English locales, we explore how so-called ‘county lines’ drug dealing manifests in these spaces. Findings suggest that distinctive supply practices including ‘commuting’, ‘holidaying’ and ‘cuckooing’ have emerged and that out-of-town dealers regularly exploit vulnerable populations in order to maximize economic gain in these new ‘host’ drug markets.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx068
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2017)
  • Cyborg Work: Borders as Simulation
    • Authors: Lalonde P.
      Pages: 1361 - 1380
      Abstract: Much recent research has focused on examining various binary contradictions and employing metaphors pertaining to border security. Ultimately, this article argues that existing debates and metaphors are inadequate in describing what is understood and agreed upon in the literature in terms of borders. This article proposes a refinement of existing theory for contemporary borders, employing Baudrillard’s concept of ‘simulation’. The metaphor of the ‘simulated border’ functions to avoid debates surrounding geospatiality while also incorporating aspects of risk society and control in concluding that borders are anything but organic security environments, with the ‘stretched screens’ of border agents serving to produce dividuals that are tested within games of security to govern mobility anywhere in time or space.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx070
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2017)
  • Violence and Elias’s Historical Sociology: The Case of Cambodia
    • Authors: Broadhurst R; Bouhours T, Bouhours B.
      Pages: 1420 - 1439
      Abstract: Elias’ historical sociology method and his civilizing process theory have rarely been applied to study long-term trends in violence in non-western societies. Drawing from colonial archives, historical and contemporary secondary sources, official police data, crime victim surveys and newspaper records, we estimated the trends in homicide victims in Cambodia between 1900 and 2012, and, from a study of historical developments during the same period, examined whether Elias’ civilizing process theory explained the long-term variations in violence in this country. His interrelated concepts of sociogenesis and psychogenesis, particularly state formation and monopolization of force, interdependencies, sensitization to violence, as well as dis-civilization periods, accounted for the successive ebbs and flows in the level of homicides in Cambodia.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx072
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2017)
  • Journeys into Drugs and Crime: Jamaican Men Involved in the UK Drugs
           Trade. By Angie Heal (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2015, 183pp. £63.00 hb/pb)
    • Authors: Fleetwood J.
      Pages: 1517 - 1518
      Abstract: Journeys into Drugs and Crime: Jamaican Men Involved in the UK Drugs Trade. By HealAngie (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2015, 183pp. £63.00 hb/pb)
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx075
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2017)
  • Routledge International Handbook of Visual Criminology. Edited by Michelle
           Brown and Eamonn Carrabine (Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, 578pp., £165.00
    • Authors: Wakeman S.
      Pages: 1519 - 1521
      Abstract: Routledge International Handbook of Visual Criminology. Edited by BrownMichelle and CarrabineEamonn (Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, 578pp., £165.00 hb).
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azx074
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 6 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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