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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.976
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 143  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1352-4658 - ISSN (Online) 1469-1833
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • BCP volume 46 issue 6 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S135246581800053X
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • BCP volume 46 issue 6 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000541
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Development and Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for
           Chronic Post-Stroke Insomnia
    • Authors: Katie Herron; Lorna Farquharson, Abigail Wroe, Annette Sterr
      Pages: 641 - 660
      Abstract: Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has been successfully applied to those with chronic illness. However, despite the high prevalence of post-stroke insomnia, the applicability of CBTI for this population has not been substantially researched or routinely used in clinical practice. Aims: The present study developed a ‘CBTI+’ protocol for those with post-stroke insomnia and tested its efficacy. The protocol also incorporated additional management strategies that considered the consequences of stroke. Method: A single-case experimental design was used with five community-dwelling individuals with post-stroke insomnia. Daily sleep diaries were collected over 11 weeks, including a 2-week baseline, 7-week intervention and 2-week follow-up. The Insomnia Severity Index, Dysfunctional Attitudes and Beliefs About Sleep Scale, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale and Stroke Impact Scale were administered pre- and post-treatment, as well as at 2-week follow-up. Results: At post-treatment, three participants no longer met diagnostic criteria for insomnia and all participants showed improvements on two or more sleep parameters, including sleep duration and sleep onset latency. Three participants showed a reduction in daytime sleepiness, increased quality of life and reduction in unhelpful beliefs about sleep. Conclusions: This study provides initial evidence that CBTI+ is a feasible and acceptable intervention for post-stroke insomnia. Furthermore, it indicates that sleep difficulties in community-dwelling stroke populations are at least partly maintained by unhelpful beliefs and behaviours. The development and delivery of the CBTI+ protocol has important clinical implications for managing post-stroke insomnia and highlights directions for future research.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000061
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Adapted CBT to Stabilize Sleep on Psychiatric Wards: a Transdiagnostic
           Treatment Approach
    • Authors: Bryony Sheaves; Louise Isham, Jonathan Bradley, Colin Espie, Alvaro Barrera, Felicity Waite, Allison G. Harvey, Caroline Attard, Daniel Freeman
      Pages: 661 - 675
      Abstract: Background: Almost all patients admitted at acute crisis to a psychiatric ward experience clinically significant symptoms of insomnia. Ward environments pose challenges to both sleep and the delivery of therapy. Despite this, there is no description of how to adapt cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for insomnia to overcome these challenges. Aims: (i) To describe the key insomnia presentations observed in the Oxford Ward Sleep Solution (OWLS) trial and (ii) outline key adaptations aimed to increase accessibility and hence effectiveness of CBT for insomnia for a ward setting. Methods: Trial therapists collaboratively agreed the key insomnia presentations and therapy adaptations based on their individual reflective logs used during the trial. Results: Three key insomnia presentations are outlined. These are used to illustrate the application of 10 CBT for insomnia therapy adaptations. These include use of sleep monitoring watches to engage patients in treatment, stabilizing circadian rhythms, reducing the impact of night-time observations and managing discharge as a sleep challenge. Conclusions: Whilst inpatient wards bring challenges for sleep and therapy delivery, creative adaptations can increase the accessibility of evidence based CBT for insomnia techniques. This therapy has proven popular with patients.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000789
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Effects of an Appearance-Focused Interpretation Training Intervention on
           Eating Disorder Symptoms
    • Authors: Berta J. Summers; Jesse R. Cougle
      Pages: 676 - 689
      Abstract: Background: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). Aims: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information. Method: We recruited 41 participants for a randomized trial comparing four sessions of IBM aimed at modifying problematic social and appearance-related threat interpretation biases with a placebo control training (PC). Results: At 1-week post-treatment, and relative to the PC, the IBM group reported greater reductions in negative/threat interpretations of ambiguous information in favour of positive/benign biases. Furthermore, among individuals with high pre-treatment bulimia symptoms, IBM yielded greater reductions in bulimia symptoms compared with PC at post-treatment. No treatment effects were observed on drive for thinness symptoms. Conclusions: The current study suggests that cognitive interventions for individuals with primary BDD symptoms may improve co-occurring ED symptoms such as bulimia.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000164
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Accelerated Outpatient Individual Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Social
           Anxiety Disorder: A Preliminary Pilot Study
    • Authors: Bethany M. Wootton; Alexandra Hunn, Annabelle Moody, Bethany R. Lusk, Valerie A. Ranson, Kim L. Felmingham
      Pages: 690 - 705
      Abstract: Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and chronic mental health condition. Given the significant prevalence and impairment caused by SAD, it is important to investigate novel ways to improve the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for SAD. One approach may be to provide CBT in an accelerated fashion, which involves multiple sessions per week. Such accelerated treatments have been shown to be effective in other anxiety disorders, but in SAD this accelerated treatment has only been studied in a group treatment format. Aims: The aim of this study was to provide a preliminary investigation of the efficacy of individual accelerated CBT (aCBT) in the treatment of SAD. Method: The studied utilized an open trial design. Seventeen participants commenced the treatment, which consisted of 12 sessions delivered over 4 weeks. Results: The results indicated that participants obtained moderate to large effect sizes on measures of SAD at post-treatment (range d = 0.76–0.92) and 3-month follow-up (range d = 1.31–1.79). In addition, at post-treatment, 59% of participants no longer met criteria for SAD, and this number increased to 71% at 3-month follow-up. Conclusions: The results provide preliminary evidence to suggest that individual aCBT may be an important treatment option for individuals with SAD.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000267
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Imagery-Focused Cognitive Therapy (ImCT) for Mood Instability and Anxiety
           in a Small Sample of Patients with Bipolar Disorder: a Pilot Clinical
    • Authors: Susie A. Hales; Martina Di Simplicio, Lalitha Iyadurai, Simon E. Blackwell, Kerry Young, Christopher G. Fairburn, John R. Geddes, Guy M. Goodwin, Emily A. Holmes
      Pages: 706 - 725
      Abstract: Background: Despite the global impact of bipolar disorder (BD), treatment success is limited. Challenges include syndromal and subsyndromal mood instability, comorbid anxiety, and uncertainty around mechanisms to target. The Oxford Mood Action Psychology Programme (OxMAPP) offered a novel approach within a cognitive behavioural framework, via mental imagery-focused cognitive therapy (ImCT). Aims: This clinical audit evaluated referral rates, clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction with the OxMAPP service. Method: Eleven outpatients with BD received ImCT in addition to standard psychiatric care. Mood data were collected weekly from 6 months pre-treatment to 6 months post-treatment via routine mood monitoring. Anxiety was measured weekly from start of treatment until 1 month post-treatment. Patient feedback was provided via questionnaire. Results: Referral and treatment uptake rates indicated acceptability to referrers and patients. From pre- to post-treatment, there was (i) a significant reduction in the duration of depressive episode relapses, and (ii) a non-significant trend towards a reduction in the number of episodes, with small to medium effect size. There was a large effect size for the reduction in weekly anxiety symptoms from assessment to 1 month follow-up. Patient feedback indicated high levels of satisfaction with ImCT, and underscored the importance of the mental imagery focus. Conclusions: This clinical audit provides preliminary evidence that ImCT can help improve depressive and anxiety symptoms in BD as part of integrated clinical care, with high patient satisfaction and acceptability. Formal assessment designs are needed to further test the feasibility and efficacy of the new ImCT treatment on anxiety and mood instability.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000334
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Does Mid-Treatment Insomnia Severity Mediate between Cognitive Behavioural
           Therapy for Insomnia and Post-Treatment Depression' An Investigation
           in a Sample with Comorbid Insomnia and Depressive Symptomatology
    • Authors: Annika Norell-Clarke; Maria Tillfors, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Fredrik Holländare, Ingemar Engström
      Pages: 726 - 737
      Abstract: Background: Recent treatment studies with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) have demonstrated effects on both sleep problems and depression. Two previous studies have indicated that the beneficial effect from CBT-I on depression may come through improved sleep, although insomnia severity during treatment had not previously been investigated as a mediator. Aims: Our aim was to investigate if insomnia severity during treatment mediated between CBT-I and depression severity after treatment, in a sample with co-morbid insomnia and depressive symptomology. We also examined whether depressive severity during treatment mediated between CBT-I and insomnia after treatment. Method: The participants were recruited from advertisements and fulfilled criteria for insomnia diagnosis, and had depressive symptomatology (Beck Depression Inventory-second edition: BDI-II > 13). Two-thirds of the participants were diagnosed with major depressive disorder. The participants received four biweekly group sessions of CBT-I or relaxation training (active control). Insomnia severity (Insomnia Severity Index) and depressive severity (BDI-II) were measured at baseline, mid-treatment, post-treatment and 6-month follow-up. The mid-treatment measures were used as mediators. Results: Mediational analyses demonstrated a significant reciprocal relationship between insomnia severity and depressive severity throughout CBT-I, although mid-treatment insomnia had a stronger effect on depression than mid-treatment depression had on insomnia. The results were similar for both post-treatment and follow-up. Discussion: Some improvement in depressive severity after CBT-I is explained by improved sleep. The findings emphasize the importance of making comorbid insomnia a treatment focus in its own right.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000395
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Are Schemas Passed on' A Study on the Association Between Early
           Maladaptive Schemas in Parents and Their Offspring and the Putative
           Translating Mechanisms
    • Authors: Johanna Sundag; Christine Zens, Leonie Ascone, Susanne Thome, Tania M. Lincoln
      Pages: 738 - 753
      Abstract: Background: According to Young's schema theory, Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) arise due to the violation of core emotional needs during childhood. It seems likely that parents have difficulties in satisfying their children's emotional needs if they have high levels of EMSs themselves. Aims: This study investigated whether the extent of EMSs in parents is associated with the extent of EMSs in their offspring. Moreover, we tested for two putative mechanisms that account for this association: parental coping styles and parenting behaviour. Methods: Sixty dyads of parents (mother or father) and their adult children (N = 120), recruited from the general population, completed the Young Schema Questionnaire. The parents rated their schema coping styles and the children retrospectively rated the parenting of the participating parent. Results: As expected, parents' EMSs were significantly associated with EMSs in their offspring. This association was accounted for by the parental coping style Overcompensation and the adverse parenting that the child remembered. The parental coping style Avoidance did not account for the association. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence for the notion that EMSs are passed on from one generation to the next via parental coping and parenting. Our findings thus support the assumption of schema theory that EMSs are connected to the family environment in terms of adverse parenting. If further confirmed, this has relevant implications for family-based interventions.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000073
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • The Scarier the Better: Maximizing Exposure Therapy Outcomes for Spider
    • Authors: Melissa M. Norberg; Amie R. Newins, Yan Jiang, Jianqiu Xu, Eduard Forcadell, Cristina Alberich, Brett J. Deacon
      Pages: 754 - 760
      Abstract: Background: While exposure therapy effectively reduces anxiety associated with specific phobias, not all individuals respond to treatment and some will experience a return of fear after treatment ceases. Aims: This study aimed to test the potential benefit of increasing the intensity of exposure therapy by adding an extra step that challenged uncontrollability (Step 15: allowing a spider to walk freely over one's body) to the standard fear hierarchy. Method: Fifty-one participants who had a severe fear of spiders completed two 60-min exposure sessions 1 week apart in a context that was either the same or different from the baseline and follow-up assessment context. Participants were categorized into groups based on the last hierarchy step they completed during treatment (Step 14 or fewer, or Step 15). Results: Those who completed Step 15 had greater reductions in fear and beliefs about the probability of harm from baseline to post-treatment than those who completed fewer steps. Although completing Step 15 did not prevent fear from returning after a context change, it allowed people to maintain their ability to tolerate their fear, which earlier steps did not. Despite some fear returning after a context change, individuals who completed Step 15 tended to report greater reductions in fear from baseline to the follow-up assessment than participants who completed 14 or fewer steps. Conclusions: Overall, these results suggest that more intensive exposure that directly challenges harm beliefs may lead to greater changes in fear and fear beliefs than less intensive exposure.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000437
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • Preliminary Findings of a New Primary and Community Care Psychological
           Service in Northern Ireland: Low-Intensity Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
           for Common Mental Health Difficulties
    • Authors: Orla McDevitt-Petrovic; Karen Kirby, Orla McBride, Mark Shevlin, Donal McAteer, Colin Gorman, Jamie Murphy
      Pages: 761 - 767
      Abstract: Background: The prevalence of mental health difficulties in Northern Ireland (NI) is significantly higher than in England. In recent years, there have been extensive consultations, and subsequent recommendations made in NI in an effort to address this. Aims: The current study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an ‘Improving Access to Psychological Therapies’ (IAPT) stepped care service model using low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) in primary and community care settings. Method: A pilot intervention trial design utilized two standardized outcome measures (PHQ-9 and GAD-7) before treatment (at baseline), during treatment (in every session) and at discharge (at final session). Results: Preliminary reliable change outcomes for the pilot cohorts showed a recovery rate of 47.9%, improvement rate of 76.7% and deterioration rate of 6%. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the IAPT service model is clinically effective in the NI population. Data collection for the larger study was completed in December 2017. Future analyses will include follow-up data collected at 4 months post-treatment, and will also aim to identify individual and service level factors that potentially impact treatment effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000322
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
  • The relationship between obsessive compulsive personality and obsessive
           compulsive disorder treatment outcomes: Predictive utility and clinically
           significant change – CORRIGENDUM
    • Authors: S. K. Sadri; P. M. McEvoy, S. J. Egan, R. T. Kane, C. S. Rees, A. Anderson
      Pages: 768 - 768
      PubDate: 2018-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S135246581800019X
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 6 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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