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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.976
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 160  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1352-4658 - ISSN (Online) 1469-1833
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [374 journals]
  • BCP volume 47 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465819000055
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • BCP volume 47 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465819000067
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Is Self-Compassion a Worthwhile Therapeutic Target for ICD-11 Complex PTSD
           (CPTSD)'
    • Authors: Thanos Karatzias; Philip Hyland, Aoife Bradley, Claire Fyvie, Katharine Logan, Paula Easton, Jackie Thomas, Sarah Philips, Jonathan I. Bisson, Neil P. Roberts, Marylene Cloitre, Mark Shevlin
      Pages: 257 - 269
      Abstract: Background: Two ‘sibling’ disorders have been proposed for the fourthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). Examining psychological factors that may be associated with CPTSD, such as self-compassion, is an important first step in its treatment that can inform consideration of which problems are most salient and what interventions are most relevant. Aims: We set out to investigate the association between self-compassion and the two factors of CPTSD: the PTSD factor (re-experiencing, avoidance, sense of threat) and the Disturbances in Self-Organization (DSO) factor (affect dysregulation, negative self-concept and disturbances in relationships). We hypothesized that self-compassion subscales would be negatively associated with both PTSD and DSO symptom clusters. Method: A predominantly female, clinical sample (n = 106) completed self-report scales to measure traumatic life events, ICD-11 CPTSD and self-compassion. Results: Significant negative associations were found between the CPTSD DSO clusters of symptoms and self-compassion subscales, but not for the PTSD ones. Specifically it was also found that self-judgement and common humanity significantly predicted hypoactive affect dysregulation whereas self-judgement and isolation significantly predicted negative self-concept. Conclusions: Our results indicate that self-compassion may be a useful treatment target for ICD-11 CPTSD, particularly for symptoms of negative self-concept and affect dysregulation. Future research is required to investigate the efficacy and acceptability of interventions that have implicit foundations on compassion.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000577
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • The Impact of Irrational Beliefs on Paranoid Thoughts
    • Authors: Radu Soflau; Daniel O. David
      Pages: 270 - 286
      Abstract: Background: Although the ABC model proposed by cognitive behavioral theory has strong empirical support for a wide range of psychological problems, little is known about the role of irrational beliefs (IBs), a central concept of the ABC model, in the aetiology of paranoid thoughts, one of the most common psychotic symptoms. Aims: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of IBs on paranoid thoughts and people's perceptions of others. Method: Eighty-one non-clinical participants (m age = 21.21 years, SD = 2.72, range 18–33; 83.95% female) recruited for this study were randomly assigned to one of the two conditions: IBs or rational beliefs (RBs). In a role-play paradigm, subjects were asked to imagine holding a list of IBs or RBs, respectively, while being exposed to a neutral social context in a virtual reality environment. Results: In line with the ABC model, results indicate that IBs lead to significantly higher levels of state paranoid thoughts and more negative perceptions of others than RBs, even after controlling for participants’ baseline irrationality and trait paranoia [F (5,68) = 11.23, p < .001, Wilk's λ = .54, partial η2 = .45]. Conclusions: The findings of this paper suggest that IBs might play an aetiological role in the occurrence of paranoid thoughts. Practical and theoretical implications of these results are also considered.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000565
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Efficacy of an Unguided Online
           Intervention with Automated Feedback for the Treatment of Insomnia
    • Authors: Noah Lorenz; Eva Heim, Alexander Roetger, Eva Birrer, Andreas Maercker
      Pages: 287 - 302
      Abstract: Background: Insomnia has become a major public health concern. Aims: The study examined the efficacy of a web-based unguided self-help programme with automated feedback. The programme was based on cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). The investigation particularly focused on factors that contribute to the maintenance of insomnia and tested whether treatment effects were stable over a period of 12 months. Method: Fifty-six participants were randomly assigned either to web-based CBT-I or to the waiting-list control group. Included measures assessed insomnia severity, sleep-related cognitions, safety behaviours, depression, anxiety and somatization. In the intervention group, a sleep diary was used to assess sleep continuity parameters, sleep quality and daytime performance. Results: Large between- and within-group effect sizes (d = 1.79, d = 1.59) for insomnia severity were found. The treatment group effect remained stable over the period of 12 months. Further, sleep-related cognitions, safety behaviours, depression and somatization significantly decreased in the treatment group compared with the control group. On all sleep diary parameters, medium to large effects were revealed within the treatment group. Anxiety did not decrease significantly from pre- to post-assessment. For all measures except somatization and anxiety significant within-group effects were found at 12-month follow-up assessment indicating long-lasting effects. Conclusions: This study adds evidence to the literature on unguided online interventions for insomnia, and indicates that online CBT-I can have substantial long-term effects on relevant sleep-related outcome parameters. Moreover, the results indicate that sleep-related cognitions and safety behaviour can be successfully altered with an unguided CBT-I intervention.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000486
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Changing Beliefs About Emotions in IBS: A Single Case Design
    • Authors: H.M. Bowers; A.L. Wroe
      Pages: 303 - 317
      Abstract: Background: Previous research suggests benefits of targeting beliefs about the unacceptability of emotions in treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Aims: The current study developed and tested an intervention focusing on beliefs and behaviours around emotional expression. Method: Four participants with IBS attended five group sessions using cognitive behavioural techniques focusing on beliefs about the unacceptability of expressing emotions. Bi-weekly questionnaires were completed and a group interview was conducted. This study used an AB design with four participants. Results: Averages indicate that participants showed decreases in beliefs about unacceptability of emotions and emotional suppression during the intervention, although this was not reflected in any of the individual trends in Beliefs about Emotions Scale scores and was significant in only one individual case for Courtauld Emotional Control Scale scores. Affective distress and quality of life improved during follow-up, with only one participant not improving with regard to distress. Qualitative data suggest that participants felt that the intervention was beneficial, referencing the value in sharing their emotions. Conclusions: This study suggests the potential for beliefs about emotions and emotional suppression to be addressed in cognitive behavioural interventions in IBS. That beliefs and behaviours improved before outcomes suggests they may be important processes to investigate in treatment for IBS.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000589
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Attentional Control as a Predictor of Response to Psychological Treatment
           for Depression and Relapse up to 1 year After Treatment: A Pilot Cohort
           Study
    • Authors: J.E.J. Buckman; R. Saunders, P. Fearon, J. Leibowitz, S. Pilling
      Pages: 318 - 331
      Abstract: Background: Identifying depressed patients unlikely to reach remission and those likely to relapse after reaching remission is of great importance, but there are few pre-treatment factors that can help clinicians predict prognosis and together these explain relatively little variance in treatment outcomes. Attentional control has shown promise in studies to date, but has not been investigated prospectively in routine clinical settings with depressed patients. Aims: This study aimed to pilot the use of a brief self-report measure of attentional control in routine care and investigate the associations between attentional control, psychological treatment response and relapse to depression up to 1 year post-treatment. Method: Depressed patients were recruited from two primary care psychological treatment (IAPT) services and completed the Attentional Control Scale (ACS) alongside routine symptom measures at every therapy session. Participants were tracked and followed up for 1 year post-treatment. Results: Baseline ACS scores were associated with remission and residual depressive symptoms post-treatment, and relapse within 12 months of ending treatment, all independent of pre-treatment depressive symptom severity, and the latter also independent of residual symptoms. Conclusion: A self-report measure of attentional control can potentially be used to predict levels of depressive symptoms post-treatment and can contribute to predicting risk of relapse to depression in IAPT services, without affecting rates of therapy completion/drop-out or data completion of standard IAPT measures. However, this pilot study had a small overall sample size and a very small number of observed relapses, so replication in a larger study is needed before firm conclusions can be made.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000590
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Identifying the Underlying Mechanisms of Change During Acceptance and
           Commitment Therapy (ACT): A Systematic Review of Contemporary Mediation
           Studies
    • Authors: Daniel Stockton; Stephen Kellett, Raul Berrios, Fuschia Sirois, Nicolas Wilkinson, Georgina Miles
      Pages: 332 - 362
      Abstract: Background: Mediation studies test the mechanisms by which interventions produce clinical outcomes. Consistent positive mediation results have previously been evidenced (Hayes et al., 2006) for the putative processes that compromise the psychological flexibility model of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Aims: The present review aimed to update and extend the ACT mediation evidence base by reviewing mediation studies published since the review of Hayes et al. (2006). Method: ACT mediation studies published between 2006 and 2015 were systematically collated, synthesized and quality assessed. Results: Twelve studies met inclusion criteria and findings were synthesized by (a) the putative processes under investigation, and (b) the outcomes on which processes were tested for mediation. Mediation results were found to be generally consistent with the psychological flexibility model of ACT. However, studies were limited in methodological quality and were overly focused on a small number of putative processes. Conclusions: Further research is required that addresses the identified methodological limitations and also examines currently under-researched putative processes.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000553
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Is Reassurance Seeking Specific to OCD' Adaptation Study of the
           Turkish Version of Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire in Clinical and
           Non-Clinical Samples
    • Authors: Bikem Haciomeroglu; Mujgan Inozu
      Pages: 363 - 385
      Abstract: Background: Reassurance seeking in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a kind of neutralization behaviour that causes considerable interpersonal conflicts. Aims: The purpose of this study was to conduct the adaptation of the Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire (ReSQ; Kobori and Salkovskis, 2013) into the Turkish language, and to examine its psychometric properties. Moreover, we aimed to identify the specificity of reassurance seeking to OCD, as opposed to other anxiety disorders and depression. Method: Five groups of participants (OCD, anxiety disorders, depression, healthy control groups, and a university student sample) were administered ReSQ, Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised Form, State and Trait Anger Expression Inventory, Guilt Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory and State Trait Anxiety Inventory-Trait Form. Results: The findings revealed acceptable test–retest and internal consistency coefficients, and also good construct, convergent, discriminant and criterion validity information for the Turkish version of the ReSQ scales. Results also revealed some aspects of reassurance seeking specific to OCD as opposed to other anxiety disorders and depression. Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated a good reliability and validity information for the Turkish version of the ReSQ, supporting the cross-cultural nature of the scale.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000462
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Helpful and Hindering Events in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural
           Treatment for Generalized Anxiety
    • Authors: John Burke; Derek Richards, Ladislav Timulak
      Pages: 386 - 399
      Abstract: Background: Anxiety disorders are a highly prevalent cause of impairment globally with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) sharing many features with other anxiety disorders. Aims: The present study investigated the helpful and hindering events and impacts for individuals with generalized anxiety who engaged with a supported 6-week online intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT). Method: Participants (n = 36) completed the Helpful and Hindering Aspects of Therapy (HAT) for each session. A descriptive-interpretative framework was used to analyse the data. Results: Helpful events were identified by participants as CBT techniques including psychoeducation, monitoring, cognitive restructuring and relaxation, and found supporter interaction, mindfulness and reading personal stories helpful. The associated impacts were identified as support and validation; behavioural change/applying coping strategies; clarification, awareness, and insight; reassurance/relief; and self-efficacy/empowerment. Hindering events were identified as treatment content/form; and amount of work/technical issues, which led to impacts such as frustration/irritation; increased anxiety; and isolation. Conclusion: The implications of the results, potential future directions of research and limitations of the study are discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000504
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Development and Evaluation of a Recovery-Oriented Cognitive Behavioural
           Workshop for People Diagnosed with Schizophrenia
    • Authors: Izabela Nowak; Piotr Świtaj, Carla Sabariego, Cornelia Oberhauser, Marta Anczewska
      Pages: 400 - 406
      Abstract: Background: There is a need to develop culturally adapted interventions that support the personal recovery and real-world functioning of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Aims: This study reports on the development and evaluation of a culturally adapted, recovery-oriented, cognitive behavioural workshop for service users with schizophrenia. Method: The feasibility and acceptability were assessed, as were changes over time in personal recovery and psychosocial functioning (primary outcomes) along with psychopathology and health-related behaviours (secondary outcomes), using multi-level modelling. It was also assessed whether personal recovery predicts psychosocial functioning. Results: The workshop was feasible and was received favourably. Participants improved over time regarding confidence and hope, feeling less dominated by symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and psychopathology. Personal recovery predicted decreased psychosocial difficulties. Conclusions: The workshop is a promising intervention. It shows potential in terms of both improving personal recovery as well as real-life functioning of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Further workshop evaluation in a randomized controlled study is required.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000607
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 3 (2019)
       
 
 
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