Journal Cover
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.976
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 140  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1352-4658 - ISSN (Online) 1469-1833
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [371 journals]
  • BCP volume 46 issue 4 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000346
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • BCP volume 46 issue 4 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000358
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • 21st Century Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Anger: A Systematic Review
           of Research Design, Methodology and Outcome
    • Authors: Ephrem Fernandez; Catia Malvaso, Andrew Day, Deepan Guharajan
      Pages: 385 - 404
      Abstract: Background: Past reviews of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for anger have focused on outcome in specific subpopulations, with few questions posed about research design and methodology. Since the turn of the century, there has been a surge of methodologically varied studies awaiting systematic review. Aims: The basic aim was to review this recent literature in terms of trends and patterns in research design, operationalization of anger, and covariates such as social desirability bias (SDB). Also of interest was clinical outcome. Method: After successive culling, 42 relevant studies were retained. These were subjected to a rapid evidence assessment (REA) with special attention to design (ranked on the Scientific Methods Scale) measurement methodology (self-monitored behaviour, anger questionnaires, and others’ ratings), SDB assessment, and statistical versus clinical significance. Results: The randomized controlled trial characterized 60% of the studies, and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory was the dominant measure of anger. All but one of the studies reported statistically significant outcome, and all but one of the 21 studies evaluating clinical significance laid claim to it. The one study with neither statistical nor clinical significance was the only one that had assessed and corrected for SDB. Conclusions: Measures remain relatively narrow in scope, but study designs have improved, and the outcomes suggest efficacy and clinical effectiveness. In conjunction with previous findings of an inverse relationship between anger and SDB, the results raise the possibility that the favourable picture of CBT for anger may need closer scrutiny with SDB and other methodological details in mind.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000048
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Children's Naive Concepts of OCD and How They Are Affected by Biomedical
           Versus Cognitive Behavioural Psychoeducation
    • Authors: B. Butlin; C. Wilson
      Pages: 405 - 420
      Abstract: Background: How we conceptualize mental health conditions is important as it impacts on a wide range of mediators of treatment outcome. We do not know how children intuitively conceptualize obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), nor do we know the relative impact of biomedical or cognitive behavioural conceptual explanations, yet both are being widely used in psychoeducation for children with OCD. Aims: This study identified children's naive concepts of OCD, and the comparative impact of biomedical versus cognitive behavioural psychoeducation on perceived prognosis. Method: A within- and between-subjects experimental design was used. After watching a video of a young person describing their OCD, 202 children completed a questionnaire examining their concepts of the condition. They repeated the questionnaire following a second equivalent video, this time preceded by either biomedical or cognitive behavioural psychoeducation. Results: Participants’ naive concepts of OCD reflected predominant models of OCD in healthcare. Even at the minimal dose of psychoeducation, participants’ conceptualizations of OCD changed. Prior exposure to OCD resulted in a stronger alignment with the biomedical model. Exposure to biomedical psychoeducation resulted in participants predicting a slower recovery with less chance of complete remission. Conclusion: Psychoeducation for childhood OCD is impactful. Despite its wide use by clinicians and mental health services, biomedical psychoeducation appears to have deleterious effects. Children's concepts of OCD merit attention but caution should be applied in how they are targeted.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000115
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Experiences of Improving Access to Psychological Therapy Services for
           Perinatal Mental Health Difficulties: a Qualitative Study of Women's and
           Therapists’ Views
    • Authors: Lottie Millett; Billie Lever Taylor, Louise M. Howard, Debra Bick, Nicky Stanley, Sonia Johnson
      Pages: 421 - 436
      Abstract: Background: Perinatal mental health difficulties are highly prevalent. In England, the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) programme provides evidence-based psychological treatment, predominantly in the form of brief manualized cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), to people with mild to moderate depression or anxiety. Yet little is known about the experiences of women referred to IAPT with perinatal mental health difficulties. Aims: The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate how women view IAPT support for perinatal mental health. We also gained the perspective of IAPT therapists. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twelve women who had been referred to and/or received therapy from IAPT during the perinatal period. Additionally, fourteen IAPT therapists participated in two focus groups. Thematic analysis was used. Results: Key themes centred on barriers to access and the need to tailor support to (expectant) mothers. Women and therapists suggested that experiences could be improved by supporting healthcare professionals to provide women with more help with referrals, better tailoring support to the perinatal context, improving perinatal-specific training, supervision and resources, and offering a more individualized treatment environment. Conclusions: Overall, women reported positive experiences of support offered by IAPT for perinatal mental health difficulties. However, services should seek to facilitate access to support and to enable therapists to better tailor treatment.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000650
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Correlates and Predictors of New Mothers’ Responses to Postpartum
           Thoughts of Accidental and Intentional Harm and Obsessive Compulsive
    • Authors: Nichole Fairbrother; Dana S. Thordarson, Fiona L. Challacombe, John K. Sakaluk
      Pages: 437 - 453
      Abstract: Background: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are a normal, albeit distressing experience for most new mothers. The occurrence of these thoughts can represent a risk factor for the development of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). As the early postpartum period represents a time of increased risk for OCD development, the transition to parenthood provides a unique opportunity to better understand OCD development. Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess components of cognitive behavioural conceptualizations of postpartum OCD in relation to new mothers’ thoughts of infant-related harm. Method: English-speaking pregnant women (n = 100) participated. Questionnaires were completed at approximately 36 weeks of gestation, and at 4 and 12 weeks postpartum. An interview to assess postpartum harm thoughts was administered at 4 and 12 weeks postpartum. Questionnaires assessed OC symptoms, OC-related beliefs, fatigue, sleep difficulties and negative mood. Results: Prenatal OC-related beliefs predicted postpartum OC symptoms, as well as harm thought characteristics and behavioural responses to harm thoughts. The severity of behavioural responses to early postpartum harm thoughts did not predict later postpartum OC symptoms, but did predict frequency and time occupation of accidental harm thoughts, and interference in parenting by intentional harm thoughts. Strong relationships between OC symptoms and harm thought characteristics, and concurrent sleep difficulties, negative mood and fatigue were also found. Conclusions: Findings provide support for cognitive behavioural conceptualizations of postpartum OCD and emphasize the importance of maternal sleep, fatigue and negative mood in the relationship between OC-related beliefs and maternal cognitive and behavioural responses to postpartum harm thoughts.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000765
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Therapeutic Lies in Dementia Care: Should Psychologists Teach Others to be
           Person-Centred Liars'
    • Authors: Ian A. James; Roberta Caiazza
      Pages: 454 - 462
      Abstract: Background: Therapeutic lies are frequently used communication strategies, often employed when the person with dementia does not share the same reality as the carer (James and Jackman, 2017; Tuckett 2004; Blum, 1994). Their use is complex and controversial, and a number of protocols have been produced to guide their usage (Mental Health Foundation, 2016). Aims: The study examined clinicians’ perspective on using therapeutic lies in their daily practice and their roles in encouraging the proper use of such a communication strategy. Method: This project sampled the views of clinicians, mainly psychologists, before and after attending a workshop on communication in dementia care; they were asked whether psychologists should have a role in teaching others to lie more effectively. Results: It was found that following a comprehensive discussion on the use of lies, the clinicians recognized they lied more than they had originally thought, and were also significantly more supportive of having a role in teaching others to lie effectively. Conclusions: Clinicians, mainly psychologists, increased their support in the use of therapeutic lying. They considered others would benefit from the psychologists giving supervision in how to lie effectively.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000152
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • ‘Teaching Me to Parent Myself’: The Feasibility of an In-Patient Group
           Schema Therapy Programme for Complex Trauma
    • Authors: Rita Younan; Joan Farrell, Tamara May
      Pages: 463 - 478
      Abstract: Background: Group schema therapy is an emerging treatment for personality and other psychiatric disorders. It may be particularly suited to individuals with complex trauma given that early abuse is likely to create maladaptive schemas. Aims: This pilot study explored the feasibility and effectiveness of a 4-week in-patient group schema therapy programme for adults with complex trauma in a psychiatric hospital setting. Method: Thirty-six participants with complex trauma syndrome participated in this open trial. Treatment consisted of 60 hours of group schema therapy and 4 hours of individual schema therapy administered over 4 weeks. Feasibility measures included drop-out rates, qualitative interviews with participants to determine programme acceptability and measures of psychiatric symptoms, self-esteem, quality of life and schema modes pre-, post- and 3 months following the intervention. Results: Drop-out rate for the 4-week program was 11%. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts revealed four major themes: connection, mode language explained emotional states, identifying the origin of the problem and the emotional activation of the programme. Measures of psychiatric symptoms, self-esteem and quality of life showed improvement post-treatment and at 3 months post-treatment. There was a reduction in most maladaptive schema modes pre-/post-treatment. Conclusions: A group schema therapy approach for complex trauma is feasible and demonstrates positive effects on psychiatric symptoms and maladaptive schemas.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000698
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Maladaptive Behaviours Associated with Generalized Anxiety Disorder: An
           Item Response Theory Analysis
    • Authors: Alison E.J. Mahoney; Megan J. Hobbs, Jill M. Newby, Alishia D. Williams, Gavin Andrews
      Pages: 479 - 496
      Abstract: Background: Cognitive models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) suggest that maladaptive behaviours may contribute to the maintenance of the disorder; however, little research has concentrated on identifying and measuring these behaviours. To address this gap, the Worry Behaviors Inventory (WBI) was developed and has been evaluated within a classical test theory (CTT) approach. Aims: As CTT is limited in several important respects, this study examined the psychometric properties of the WBI using an Item Response Theory approach. Method: A large sample of adults commencing treatment for their symptoms of GAD (n = 537) completed the WBI in addition to measures of GAD and depression symptom severity. Results: Patients with a probable diagnosis of GAD typically engaged in four or five maladaptive behaviours most or all of the time in an attempt to prevent, control or avoid worrying about everyday concerns. The two-factor structure of the WBI was confirmed, and the WBI scales demonstrated good reliability across a broad range of the respective scales. Together with previous findings, our results suggested that hypervigilance and checking behaviours, as well as avoidance of saying or doing things that are worrisome, were the most relevant maladaptive behaviours associated with GAD, and discriminated well between adults with low, moderate and high degrees of the respective WBI scales. Conclusions: Our results support the importance of maladaptive behaviours to GAD and the utility of the WBI to index these behaviours. Ramifications for the classification, theoretical conceptualization and treatment of GAD are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000127
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • A Novel Treatment Protocol (Nocebo Hypothesis Cognitive Behavioural
           Therapy; NH-CBT) for Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder/Conversion
           Disorder: A Retrospective Consecutive Case Series
    • Authors: Matt Richardson; Gina Isbister, Brad Nicholson
      Pages: 497 - 503
      Abstract: Background: Theories concerning the aetiology of functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD; also known as conversion disorder) have historically inferred that psychological factors or dissociative states underlie patients’ symptoms. Current psychological models of functional neurological symptoms suggest that some type of ‘top-down’ representations/beliefs are activated automatically (without conscious awareness), leading to symptoms. It is assumed that these representations or beliefs are similar to the idea ‘I am neurologically damaged’, as in our clinical experience, almost all patients have some reason to doubt the integrity of their neurological system. Aims: It was hypothesized that FNSD arises from a belief of being neurologically damaged (via a mechanism akin to a nocebo response), and an interdisciplinary treatment protocol was developed consistent with this hypothesis, transparently sharing this theory with participants. Method: A retrospective consecutive case series design was utilized, measuring functional independence and symptom remission. Results: Of the 13 episodes of care, 12 resulted in complete or almost complete symptom remission. Length of stay in rehabilitation was also reduced compared with previous treatment attempts. Conclusions: It appears as if the treatment protocol may be very effective, and further controlled study appears warranted.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000832
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • Why do People Overthink' A Longitudinal Investigation of a
           Meta-Cognitive Model and Uncontrollability of Rumination
    • Authors: Noboru Matsumoto; Satoshi Mochizuki
      Pages: 504 - 509
      Abstract: Background: The meta-cognitive model of rumination is a theoretical model regarding the relationship between rumination and depression. Although meta-cognitive therapy for rumination was established based on this model, insufficient longitudinal studies addressing this model have been conducted. Moreover, the uncontrollability of rumination, suggested to be driven by negative meta-beliefs about rumination, has not been examined using this meta-cognitive model. Aims: We longitudinally examined the meta-cognitive model and its relationship with uncontrollability of rumination and depressive symptoms. Method: Undergraduate students (n = 117) were asked to complete two measurements (with a 6-month gap between them) of positive and negative meta-beliefs about rumination, causal analysis, understanding, uncontrollability of rumination and depression. Results: Cross-lagged effect modelling revealed that positive meta-beliefs predicted high causal analytic rumination. However, the results did not support the causal analytic and understanding aspects of how rumination predicted negative meta-beliefs. Negative meta-beliefs predicted high depressive symptoms, and depressive symptoms predicted high negative meta-beliefs. Negative meta-beliefs predicted high uncontrollability of rumination, whereas uncontrollability of rumination did not predict depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The results partially supported the meta-cognitive model. The prediction of depressive symptoms on negative meta-beliefs suggests that depression-related cognition might be involved in increasing negative meta-beliefs, rather than the repetitive causal analytic and understanding aspects of rumination. In line with meta-cognitive therapy, negative meta-beliefs could be a target for treating depression.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000103
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
  • The+Therapeutic+Relationship+in+Cognitive-Behavioural+Therapy:+A+Clinician's+Guide+Nikolaos+Kazantzis,+Frank+M.+Dattilio+and+Keith+S.+Dobson;+foreword+by+Judith+S.+Beck+New+York:+Guilford+Press,+2017,+pp.+288+ISBN:+978-1-4625-3128-8&rft.title=Behavioural+and+Cognitive+Psychotherapy&rft.issn=1352-4658&">The Therapeutic Relationship in Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy: A
           Clinician's Guide Nikolaos Kazantzis, Frank M. Dattilio and Keith S.
           Dobson; foreword by Judith S. Beck New York: Guilford Press, 2017, pp. 288
           ISBN: 978-1-4625-3128-8
    • Authors: Emily Monger
      Pages: 510 - 511
      PubDate: 2018-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465817000856
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2018)
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