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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.976
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 156  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1352-4658 - ISSN (Online) 1469-1833
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [373 journals]
  • BCP volume 47 issue 2 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000644
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • BCP volume 47 issue 2 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000656
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Prepartum and Postpartum Mothers’ and Fathers’ Unwanted, Intrusive
           Thoughts in Response to Infant Crying
    • Authors: Nichole Fairbrother; Ronald G. Barr, Mandy Chen, Shivraj Riar, Erica Miller, Rollin Brant, Annie Ma
      Pages: 129 - 147
      Abstract: Background: Unwanted intrusive thoughts of intentionally harming one's infant (intrusive harm thoughts) are common distressing experiences among postpartum mothers and fathers. Aim: To understand infant crying as a stimulus for intrusive harm thoughts and associated emotional responses in prepartum and postpartum mothers and fathers in response to infant cry. Method: Following completion of self-report measures of negative mood and anger, prepartum (n = 48) and postpartum (n = 44) samples of mother and father pairs completed 10 minutes of listening to audio-recorded infant crying. Post-test questionnaires assessed harm thoughts, negative emotions, urges to comfort and flee, and thoughts of shaking as a soothing or coping strategy. Results: One quarter of prepartum and 44% of postpartum parents reported intrusive infant-related harm thoughts following crying. Mothers and fathers did not differ in the likelihood of reporting harm thoughts, nor in the number of thoughts reported. Women reported more internalizing emotions compared with men. Hostile emotions were stronger among postpartum parents, and parents reporting harm thoughts. All parents reported strong urges to comfort the infant. Urges to flee were stronger among parents who reported harm thoughts. The likelihood of using infant shaking as a soothing or coping strategy was minimally endorsed, albeit more strongly by fathers and parents who also reported harm thoughts. Conclusions: In response to crying, harm thoughts are common and are associated with hostile emotions, urges to flee, and increased thoughts of using infant shaking. Reassuringly, the number of participants considering infant shaking as a strategy for soothing or for coping with a crying infant was low.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000474
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Role of Performance Quality in Adolescents’ Self-Evaluation and
           Rumination after a Speech: Is it Contingent on Social Anxiety Level'
    • Authors: Anke W. Blöte; Anne C. Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P. Michiel Westenberg
      Pages: 148 - 163
      Abstract: Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. Aims: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents’ cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions. Method: A community sample of 229 participants, aged 11 to 18 years, gave a speech and filled in questionnaires addressing social anxiety, depression, expected and self-evaluated performance, and post-event rumination. Independent observers rated the quality of the speech. The data were analysed using moderated mediation analysis. Results: Performance quality mediated the link between expected and self-evaluated performance in adolescents with low and medium levels of social anxiety. For adolescents with high levels of social anxiety, only a direct link between expected and self-evaluated performance was found. Their self-evaluation was not related to the quality of their performance. Performance quality also mediated the link between expected performance and rumination, but social anxiety did not moderate this mediation effect. Conclusions: Results suggest that a good performance does not help socially anxious adolescents to replace their negative self-evaluations with more realistic ones. Specific cognitive intervention strategies should be tailored to the needs of socially anxious adolescents who perform well.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000310
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The German Adaptation of the Therapist Beliefs about Exposure Scale: a
           Validation Study among Licensed Cognitive Behavioural Therapists in
           Germany
    • Authors: Sarah Schumacher; Nadine M. Schopka, Manuel Heinrich, Christine Knaevelsrud
      Pages: 164 - 180
      Abstract: Background: Exposure is an effective intervention in the treatment of pathological anxiety, but it is insufficiently disseminated. Therapists’ negative attitudes towards exposure might be of relevance when considering factors contributing to the non-application of this intervention. Aims: In order to be able to measure concerns in German-speaking therapist populations, the study aimed at validating a German version of the Therapist Beliefs about Exposure Scale.Method: The scale was translated into the German language and validated in a sample of 330 German licensed cognitive behavioural therapists. Results: In the present sample, the mean total score was significantly lower than in the original study including US-American therapists. Confirmatory factor analysis did not confirm the proposed one-factor model, while the exploratory factor analysis indicated that more than one factor is necessary to explain the structure of negative attitudes towards exposure. The internal consistency was high. Higher scores (more negative beliefs) were significantly correlated with older age, holding a master's degree (vs PhD), not being specialized in the treatment of anxiety disorders and with less experience with performance of exposure gained during clinical training. Negative beliefs about exposure were further associated with the self-reported average number of sessions spent on exposure in current treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder and panic disorder, and with negative attitudes towards application of exposure sessions presented in case vignettes. Conclusions: The German adaptation provides the opportunity of measuring concerns regarding application of exposure in German-speaking therapist populations. However, the presented data reveal suggestions for further scale development.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000371
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Examining the Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Guilt
           Management Scale (GMS)
    • Authors: Katy McIvor; Amy Degnan, Lauren Pugh, Laura Bettney, Richard Emsley, Katherine Berry
      Pages: 181 - 199
      Abstract: Background: Guilt is commonly associated with distress and psychopathology. However, there is a lack of validated measures that assess how people cope with this aversive emotional and cognitive experience. Aims: We therefore developed and validated a self-report measure that assesses how people manage their guilt: the Guilt Management Scale (GMS). Method: The GMS was administered to a non-clinical (n = 339) and clinical (n = 67) sample, alongside other validated measures of guilt severity, coping, thought control and psychological distress. Results from a principal component analysis (PCA) and assessments of test–retest reliability and internal consistency are presented. Results: The PCA yielded a six subscale solution (Self-Punishment, Reparation, People-Focused, Spirituality, Avoidance and Metacognition), accounting for 56.14% of variance. Test–retest reliability and internal consistency was found to be good–excellent for the majority of subscales. Across samples, Self-Punishment was related to higher levels of guilt and distress whilst Metacognition and Reparation were related to less guilt and distress in the non-clinical sample only. Conclusions: This paper provides preliminary evidence for the psychometric properties of the GMS in a non-clinical sample. With development and validation in clinical samples, the GMS could be used to inform psychological formulations of guilt and assess therapy outcomes.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000292
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Acceptability, Feasibility and Potential Outcomes of an Individual
           Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Hearing Voices
    • Authors: Stephanie Louise; Susan L. Rossell, Neil Thomas
      Pages: 200 - 216
      Abstract: Background: A prominent area of advancement in the psychological treatment for people with persisting psychosis has been the application of mindfulness-based therapies. Recent literature has recommended the investigation of focused mindfulness interventions for voices (auditory hallucinations) as a specific experience. To date, only mindfulness programs in group format have been examined. Aims: This non-randomized pilot study aimed to assess the acceptability, feasibility and potential outcomes of an individual mindfulness program for persistent voices on the negative impact of voices on the subjective experience of mental health and wellbeing, depression and voice-related distress and disruption. Also, it aimed to identify potential psychological and neurocognitive mechanisms of change. Method: A new 4-week individual Mindfulness Program for Voices (iMPV) was developed, and piloted with a group of 14 participants with a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder and persisting voices. Participants completed clinical and neurocognitive measures pre- and post-intervention and at 2-month follow-up. Results: Results revealed low attrition rates, high formal practice engagement levels and positive participant feedback. Pre–post outcomes suggested small to moderate effects for a reduction in the negative impact of voices on experience, depression and disruption. Large effects for changes in mindful responding and attentional switching were also identified. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that this novel treatment protocol is appropriate, engaging and safe for persistent voice hearers. Findings for mindful responding and attentional switching suggest these to be potential mechanisms of change for further investigation. Further RCTs are warranted to ascertain the feasibility and efficacy for focused mindfulness interventions for voices of individual format.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000425
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Outpatient CBT for Underweight Patients with Eating Disorders:
           Effectiveness Within a National Health Service (NHS) Eating Disorders
           Service
    • Authors: Paul E. Jenkins; Ceri Morgan, Catherine Houlihan
      Pages: 217 - 229
      Abstract: Background: Underweight eating disorders (EDs) are notoriously difficult to treat, although a growing evidence base suggests that outpatient cognitive behaviour therapy for EDs (CBT-ED) can be effective for a large proportion of individuals. Aims: To investigate the effectiveness of CBT-ED for underweight EDs in a ‘real-world’ settings. Method: Sixty-three adults with underweight EDs (anorexia nervosa or atypical anorexia nervosa) began outpatient CBT-ED in a National Health Service setting. Results: Fifty-four per cent completed treatment, for whom significant changes were observed on measures of ED symptoms, psychological distress and psychosocial impairment. There was also a large effect on body weight at end-of-treatment. Conclusions: The results suggest that good outcomes can be achieved by the majority of those who complete treatment, although treatment non-completion remains a significant barrier to recovery. Future studies should focus on improving treatment retention, as evidence suggests that CBT-ED in ‘real-world’ settings is effective.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000449
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Psychosis and Trauma: Investigating
           Links between Trauma Severity, Attachment and Outcome
    • Authors: Alicia Spidel; Isabelle Daigneault, David Kealy, Tania Lecomte
      Pages: 230 - 243
      Abstract: Background: Although Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) may be effective for individuals with psychosis and a history of childhood trauma, little is known about predictors of treatment response among such patients. Aims: The current study examined: (1) whether severity of trauma predicted treatment response, and (2) profiles of patients with regard to their responses to treatment. Method: Fifty participants with psychosis and childhood trauma history were recruited and randomized to take part in either eight sessions of group-based ACT, or to be on a waiting list for the ACT group (i.e. treatment as usual group). The entire sample was used for the first part of the analyses (aim 1), whereas subsequent subsample analyses used only the treatment group (n = 30 for aim 2). Results: It was found that trauma severity did not moderate the effectiveness of ACT on symptom severity, participants’ ability to regulate their emotional reactions, or treatment compliance with regard to help-seeking. In addition, among those receiving ACT, the results revealed three distinct and clinically relevant change profiles. Avoidant attachment style and number of sessions attended were predictive of belonging to the different clusters or profiles. Patients in the profile representing the least amount of clinical change attended an average of two sessions less than those in the other change profiles. Conclusion: ACT offered in a group format appears to be a promising treatment for those with psychosis and history of trauma regardless of trauma severity. Given the brevity of the intervention, patients should be encouraged to attend each session to obtain maximum benefit.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000413
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Role of Self-Esteem in Depression: A Longitudinal Study
    • Authors: Sven Hilbert; Stephan Goerigk, Frank Padberg, Annekatrin Nadjiri, Aline Übleis, Andrea Jobst, Julia Dewald-Kaufmann, Peter Falkai, Markus Bühner, Felix Naumann, Nina Sarubin
      Pages: 244 - 250
      Abstract: Background: Based on the vulnerability model, several studies indicate that low self-esteem seems to contribute to depressive symptoms. Aims: The aim of this study was to treat depressive symptoms in a cognitive behavioural group therapy, focusing on the enhancement of self-esteem, and to explore co-variation in depressive symptoms and the level of self-esteem. Method: The Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale (MSWS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to 147 psychiatric in-patients with current depressive symptoms due to an affective disorder (major depression, bipolar I, dysthymia). Self-esteem was measured pre-treatment (t0) and post-treatment (t4, after 5 weeks of eight group sessions); the BDI was applied weekly. A linear mixed growth analysis was conducted to estimate the change in depressive symptoms including interactions with self-esteem. Results: Within the 5 weeks of group therapy, depressive symptoms showed a linear decline, which was stronger for patients with higher gains in self-esteem between t0 and t4. Self-esteem at t0 was unrelated to the change in depression but predicted self-esteem at t4. Conclusions: Treating depressive symptoms in a cognitive behavioural group therapy in a naturalistic setting might have a positive effect on the process of recovery. Moreover, depressive symptoms and level of self-esteem seemed to co-vary.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000243
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • A Preliminary Study of Work-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Group Therapy
           for Japanese Workers
    • Authors: Daisuke Ito; Asuka Watanabe, Sakino Takeichi, Ayako Ishihara, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto
      Pages: 251 - 256
      Abstract: Background: In Japan, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been introduced in the ‘Rework Programme’, but its impact on return to work (RTW) has not been fully clarified. Aims: This pilot study investigated the initial efficacy of a work-focused cognitive behavioural group therapy (WF-CBGT) for Japanese workers on sick leave due to depression. Method: Twenty-three patients on leave due to depression were recruited from a mental health clinic. WF-CBGT including behavioural activation therapy, cognitive therapy, and problem-solving therapy techniques was conducted for eight weekly 150-minute sessions. Participants completed questionnaires on depression and anxiety (Kessler-6), social adaptation (Social Adaptation Self-Evaluation Scale), and difficulty in RTW (Difficulty in Returning to Work Inventory) at pre- and post-intervention time points. Rates of re-instatement after the intervention were examined. Results: One participant dropped out, but 22 participants successfully completed the intervention. All scale scores significantly improved after intervention and, except for difficulty in RTW related to physical fitness, all effect sizes were above the moderate classification. All participants who completed the intervention succeeded in RTW. Conclusions: Results suggested the possibility that WF-CBGT may be a feasible and promising intervention for Japanese workers on leave due to depression regardless of cross-cultural differences, but that additional research examining effectiveness using controlled designs and other samples is needed. Future research should examine the efficacy of this programme more systematically to provide relevant data to aid in the continued development of an evidence-based intervention.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1352465818000280
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
 
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