Journal Cover Acta Archaeologica
  [SJR: 0.101]   [H-I: 9]   [172 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0065-101X - ISSN (Online) 1600-0390
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1592 journals]
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 1 - 11
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.336327-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12187.x
       
  • AVANT PROPOS
    • Pages: 13 - 13
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:59.409189-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12173.x
       
  • KLAVS RANDSBORG
    • Authors: Richard Hodges
      Pages: 15 - 26
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:57.508035-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12174.x
       
  • RANDSBORG AND THEORETICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
    • Authors: Leo S. Klejn
      Pages: 27 - 34
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:57.79174-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12175.x
       
  • BRONZE AGE ARCHAEOLOGY AND COSMOLOGY: DIALOGUES AT THE CROSSROADS
    • Authors: Flemming Kaul
      Pages: 35 - 56
      Abstract: The article is a historiographical exposé on lifelong scientific dialogues between Klavs Randsborg and the author that have shaped the current understanding of Nordic Bronze Age beliefs. Through the demonstration of wide-ranging contacts across Europe and beyond – till Egypt and Mesopotamia, the article shows how these interactions have nourished the Nordic cosmology and tastes and impacted local ideologies. Metals, amber and glass were not only coveted commodities but engines of lively communication networks.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.006071-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12176.x
       
  • NEW ASPECTS OF THE MESOLITHIC-NEOLITHIC CEMETERIES AND SETTLEMENT AT
           ZVEJNIEKI, NORTHERN LATVIA
    • Authors: Lars Larsson; Liv Nilsson Stutz, Ilga Zagorska, Valdis Bērziņš, Aija Ceriņa
      Pages: 57 - 93
      Abstract: The paper reflects upon recent international research at Zvejnieki in northern Latvia, a renowned complex of a burial ground and two settlement sites used in the Mesolithic and Neolithic. Since its discovery and first excavations in the 1960s, Zvejnieki continues to produce evidence that provides new grounds for understanding mortuary practises and ancient lifeways. This information is relevant for other contemporary sites in Europe revealing new and hitherto unexpected elements of burial traditions.It is suggested that the Zvejnieki population was partly mobile, and the site was one of the places to bury the dead. The ancestral link was established through transportation and use of occupational debris from more ancient sites and through the incorporation of earlier burial space or even burials into the new graves. The depth of a burial also appears to be a significant variable in ancient mortuary practices.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.895067-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12177.x
       
  • MEMORY, LANDSCAPE & MORTUARY PRACTICE
    • Authors: Marja Ahola
      Pages: 95 - 120
      Abstract: Stone Age people handled their dead in various ways. From the Late Mesolithic period onwards, the deceased were also buried in formal cemeteries, and according to radiocarbon dates, the cemeteries were used for long periods and occasionally reused after a hiatus of several hundred years. The tradition of continuous burials indicates that the cemeteries were not only static containers of the dead but also important places for Stone Age communities, which were often established in potent places and marked by landscape features that might have had a strong association with death. The paper explores the tradition of burials in cemeteries exemplified through Jönsas Stone Age cemetery in southern Finland. Here the natural topography, along with memories of practices conducted at the site in the past, played a significant role in the Stone Age mortuary practices, also resulting in the ritual reuse of the cemetery by the Neolithic Corded Ware Culture.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:59.064748-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12178.x
       
  • HOBY — AN EXCEPTIONAL EARLY ROMAN IRON AGE SITE IN THE WESTERN
           BALTIC REGION
    • Authors: Susanne Klingenberg; Ruth Blankenfeldt, Kasper Høhling Søsted, Anders Jon Nielsen, Anna-Elisabeth Jensen
      Pages: 121 - 137
      Abstract: Hoby on the island of Lolland in the western part of the Baltic Sea is strategically located in a coastal landscape offering abundant resources. In 1920, one of the most richly furnished so-called “Lübsow type” graves dating to the first century AD was discovered at Hoby. The settlement associated with the grave was recognised in 1999. Excavations of the settlement between 2001 and 2016 have confirmed the central role of Hoby in the Iron Age society. The research has focused on the Iron Age population and the infrastructure on Lolland. The Iron Age open cultural landscape encompassed numerous settlements, richly furnished burials and fortifications, and has produced unique metal finds. The article presents a summary of investigation results.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.434209-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12179.x
       
  • THE EMERGENCE OF STRATIGRAPHIC ARCHAEOLOGY IN MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE
    • Authors: Alessandro Guidi; Massimo Tarantini
      Pages: 139 - 154
      Abstract: In Italian classical archaeology, the definitive adoption of the stratigraphic excavation method occurred later than in other European countries. This methodological shift took place in Italy in the 1970s.We aim to scrutinize some points of the established historiographical reconstruction. We focus on three scholars regarded as “key figures” in the birth of Italian stratigraphic archaeology, yet all of the first half of the twentieth century, Giacomo Boni, Nino Lamboglia, and Luigi Bernabò Brea. We examine the origin of their stratigraphic approach and thus their relationship with prehistoric research. This is also an opportunity to reflect upon the conceptual and methodological transfer from one type of archaeology to another.In general, through comparison of these scholars, we aim to highlight some key factors in the establishment of a stratigraphic method in the history of archaeology.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.687703-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12180.x
       
  • KLAVS RANDSBORG AND THE NINTH CENTURY AD
    • Authors: Richard Hodges
      Pages: 155 - 162
      Abstract: Archaeology over the past fifty years has shown that in the early 9th century Western Europe experimented with a coalescing of states affirmed by a common reform ideology and with it increased communication to regions beyond. At different speeds, regions of Western Europe adopted this new strategy known as the correctio. Within a generation, the correctio gave rise to a new ‘feudal’ economy and significantly a new regionalism. The archaeology of Europe shows that there were winners and losers in these fast-changing regions. The losers, in many cases, controlled the written narratives and ascribed their altered socio-economic condition to the Others of the time, not least because the Others were leading exponents of the post-correctio economic agenda. This paper revisits Klavs Randsborg's groundbreaking book, The Viking Age of Denmark, in the context of post-war approaches to Europe's post-classical narrative.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:59.468444-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12181.x
       
  • THE EVOLUTION OF CUBIC DICE
    • Authors: Jelmer W. Eerkens; Alex de Voogt
      Pages: 163 - 173
      Abstract: Cubic dice were brought by the Romans to the Low Countries, and are found in small numbers at many archaeological sites dating to the last 2000 years. We report on a systematic analysis of 110 well-dated dice from the Netherlands, showing that shape, pip configuration, and pip style changed significantly for bone and antler dice from the Roman to the recent historical period. Dice predating 650 CE are highly variable in all attributes, those dating between 1100 and 1450 are highly standardized, and those post-dating 1450 CE are standardized for some attributes, such as symmetry and configuration, but variable for others, such as material type. There is also a major shift from “sevens” to “primes” and back to “sevens” pip configuration across these temporal windows, and pip style was simplified over time from a dot-ring-ring pattern to simple dots. We compare these trends to a smaller set of well-dated dice from the United Kingdom and speculate on possible reasons for these changes. The information can be used in future studies in the Netherlands to help date sites and/or isolated finds, and more broadly, can be augmented with similar analyses of dice elsewhere in Eurasia to study ancient interaction networks and the cultural transmission of games involving dice play.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.228315-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12182.x
       
  • DANIEL BRUUN: A DANISH TOPOGRAPHER-ANTIQUARIAN ASTRIDE THE WORLD STAGE
    • Authors: Steffen Stummann Hansen
      Pages: 175 - 192
      Abstract: One of the most remarkable contributions to our understanding of the Norse cultures of the North Atlantic was that of Daniel Bruun (1856–1931). A child of an innovative, prominent family from central Jutland, he received a military education and became a skilled cartographer. A dream from his youth to study Norse culture in Greenland was finally realised in 1894 when he conducted an impressive field campaign in the so-called Eastern Settlement. In the following years, he pursued his observations in Norse Greenland with comparative studies in Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Norway. On his initiative, and to a wide extent based on material collected by himself, the North Atlantic cultures were presented as a section of the Danish contribution to the World Exhibition of 1900 in Paris. His adventurous life, however, was not confined to the North Atlantic, but also included travels in Africa, Siberia, Asia, and North America.In many ways, the energy and curiosity of Daniel Bruun can be compared to that of recently departed Klavs Randsborg, to whose memory this article is dedicated.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.805352-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12183.x
       
  • THE STEPPE HYPOTHESIS OF INDO-EUROPEAN ORIGINS REMAINS TO BE PROVEN
    • Authors: Leo S. Klejn
      Pages: 193 - 204
      Abstract: Recent genetic studies have claimed to reveal a massive migration of the bearers of the Yamnaya culture (Pit-grave culture) to the Central and Northern Europe. This migration has supposedly lead to the formation of the Corded Ware cultures and thereby to the dispersal of Indo-European languages in Europe. The article is a summary presentation of available archaeological, linguistic, genetic and cultural data that demonstrates many discrepancies in the suggested scenario for the transformations caused by the Yamnaya “invasion” some 5000 years ago.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:57.844408-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12184.x
       
  • PETROGLYPHS OF FOOTPRINTS IN THE BRAZILIAN STATE OF MATO GROSSO DO SUL:
           GENESIS AND STYLISTIC DIFFUSION
    • Authors: Rodrigo Luiz Simas de Aguiar
      Pages: 205 - 216
      Abstract: The article describes the occurrence of rock carvings in the shape of footprints in rock shelters and caves in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul placing this phenomenon within the archaeological context of the Brazilian Midwestern region as well as the entire continent of South America. Based on available archaeological data the paper reflects upon the possible areas of genesis and ways of diffusion of this distinct rock art style that is seemingly the most prevalent in Brazil.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:58.571775-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12185.x
       
  • ROCK ART SITES IN JAMAICA AND THEIR ETHNOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION
    • Authors: Philip Allsworth-Jones
      Pages: 217 - 231
      Abstract: 26 sites with Pre-Columbian (Taíno) rock art are known in Jamaica, most with petroglyphs only, but there are four with painted images, and three of these are discussed: Mountain River Cave, Potoo Hole, and Spot Valley Cave. In addition, an account is given of the Warminster rock shelter, which has petroglyphs described as among the best remaining in Jamaica. Spot Valley Cave was newly surveyed in 2005, with the help of the Jamaican Caves Organization, and in the same year a rescue operation to restore the Warminster petroglyphs was carried out, in cooperation with Dr Johannes Loubser. Comparisons are made, where appropriate, to Taíno artefacts in different materials, and also to Pre-Columbian images on other islands in the Caribbean, notably Puerto Rico. The interpretation of the Taíno images, in Jamaica and elsewhere, relies to a considerable extent on the “Account of the Antiquities of the Indians”, compiled by Fray Ramón Pané in 1494–1498, on the express instructions of Columbus. Whatever the shortcomings of a narrative compiled by an outsider, we would be much worse off without it.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T03:17:59.310187-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0390.2017.12186.x
       
 
 
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