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Journal Cover Theory, Culture & Society
   [144 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0263-2764 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3616
     Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [738 journals]   [SJR: 1.233]   [H-I: 44]
  • The Emergence of Neoliberalism: Thinking Through and Beyond Michel
           Foucault's Lectures on Biopolitics
    • Authors: Gane; N.
      Pages: 3 - 27
      Abstract: This paper uses Michel Foucault’s lectures on biopolitics as a starting point for thinking historically about neoliberalism. Foucault’s lectures offer a rich and detailed account of the emergence of neoliberalism, but this account is far from complete. This paper addresses some of the blind-spots in Foucault’s lectures by focusing on the space between the decline of classical liberalism at the end of the 19th century and the subsequent attempt to develop a ‘positive’ or ‘ordo’ liberalism in post-war Germany. The primary concern of this paper is to chart the emergence of a new or neo- liberalism in the writings of Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich von Hayek through the 1920s and 1930s. These writings, which are barely considered by Foucault, are important as they redefine the liberal project against the political economy of the late 19th century and, in particular, against the threat of socialism. In conclusion, it is argued that by returning to the work of Mises and Hayek it is possible to develop a critical sociology of neoliberalism, one that not only engages with the writings of these two thinkers but which also exposes the fracture lines that exist within the neoliberal project, and reconsiders the political positions that neoliberalism initially sought to reject.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413506944|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413506944
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • The Concept of Algorithm as an Interpretative Key of Modern Rationality
    • Authors: Totaro, P; Ninno, D.
      Pages: 29 - 49
      Abstract: According to Ernst Cassirer, the transition from the concept of substance to that of mathematical function as a guide of knowledge coincided with the end of ancient and the beginning of modern theoretical thought. In the first part of this article we argue that a similar transition has also taken place in the practical sphere, where mathematical function occurs in one of its specific forms, which is that of the algorithm concept. In the second part we argue that with the rise of modernity the idea of substance and the related concepts of category and classification, which are deeply embedded in western culture, have not been totally supplanted by that of function. The intertwining of the concepts of substance and function has generated contradictory hybrids. These hybrids are used as a key for the understanding of the different repercussions of algorithmic logic on society in terms of social integration.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413510051|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413510051
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • Posthuman Ethics with Cary Wolfe and Karen Barad: Animal Compassion as
           Trans-Species Entanglement
    • Authors: Chiew; F.
      Pages: 51 - 69
      Abstract: Although critiques of humanism are not new, the currency of posthumanist discourse on the nonhuman – the animal, the environment, or the object – suggests rising concerns about humanity’s place in the ecological order. This article interrogates Cary Wolfe's posthumanist framework as he approaches the questions of activism and agency in the context of animal ethics and disability politics. By drawing attention to the contradictions in his own commitments to rethinking human exceptionalism, I examine how Wolfe's appeal for a more compassionate account of ethics vis-à-vis the notion of ‘trans-species empathy’ can be more gainfully addressed through the work of feminist and quantum physicist Karen Barad. This essay contends that by preserving the difference between the human and the nonhuman (or animal) as something that is given rather than interrogated, the assumption of ‘the human’ as a self-contained identity is left unchanged and unchallenged.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413508449|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413508449
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • China's 'Fake' Apple Store: Branded Space, Intellectual Property and the
           Global Culture Industry
    • Authors: Yang; F.
      Pages: 71 - 96
      Abstract: This essay deploys the joint lenses of branding and space to examine the hegemonic operation of the Apple brand in the global culture industry. It does so by analyzing China’s ‘fake Apple Store’ event in 2011, which began with an American expat blogger’s discovery and subsequently caught the attention of global news media. While copying the look of an official Apple Store, these retailers displayed and sold genuine products originally assembled in China. Probing the cultural logic that gave rise to the event, I argue that China’s ‘fake’ Apple Store emblematizes the power relations and subject positions that emanate from Apple’s global hegemony. The Apple Store, as a branded environment, is best seen as a heterotopia whose interpellating mechanism relies on the extensive-intensive character of the intellectual property rights (IPR) regime. While China’s copycat Apple Store can be seen as an attempt at a production of sameness, the ‘user-generated’ charge of its ‘fakery’ stems from the ‘distributed’ power of the Apple brand, which operates through a production of difference. Even though the varied responses to the event (on the part of Chinese authorities and Apple, the brand owner) reveal the contradiction within Apple’s extensive global reach, it more importantly points to a condition wherein consumer turned ‘prod-user’ subjects act as self-enlisted agents who work to perpetuate the brand’s design-intensive value regime. While the spectacle of ‘Chinese fakery’ manifests the ideological work of IPR in naturalizing the distinction between the copy and the fake, the extensive-intensive operation of the brand, embodied by the Apple Store, also undermines the ability of consumer subjects to meaningfully engage the ‘Chinese reality’ that is manufacturing labor.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413504971|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413504971
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • Zygmunt Bauman and the Consumption of Ethics by the Ethics of Consumerism
    • Authors: Dalgliesh; B.
      Pages: 97 - 118
      Abstract: This article focuses on the ethical quandary of Zygmunt Bauman’s interpretation of modernity as a double logic that heralds both emancipation and domination. After outlining his liberation sociology and the liquid moral ontologies he discerns, it argues Bauman’s solution to the consumption of ethics by consumerism demands too much, too late. Firstly, Bauman misappropriates Joseph Schumpeter’s concept of creative destruction. The actual outcome is the dissipation of the Levinasian centrifugal self, whom Bauman wants to uphold as a cure for the Nietzschean centripetal self. Secondly, as Daniel Miller shows, totalizing critiques of consumerism – such as Bauman’s – blind us to forms of moral self-constitution within consumption. And, thirdly, Bauman’s concept of the autonomous agent overlooks the power relations that are inherent to the constitution of subjectivity. Notwithstanding, Bauman highlights the need to articulate an ethics of freedom, and the article concludes with Foucault’s aesthetics of existence to meet this challenge.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413508447|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413508447
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • Technology as Fetish: Marx, Latour, and the Cultural Foundations of
    • Authors: Hornborg; A.
      Pages: 119 - 140
      Abstract: This article discusses how the way in which post-Enlightenment humans tend to relate to material objects is a fundamental aspect of modern capitalism. The difficulties that conventional academic disciplines have in grasping the societal and political aspect of ‘technology’ stem from the predominant Cartesian paradigm that distinguishes the domain of material objects from that of social relations of exchange. This Cartesian paradigm has constrained the Marxian analysis of capital accumulation from extending the concept of fetishism to the domain of technology. Both Marxian and mainstream thought represent technological objects as empowered by their intrinsic properties, which derive from human ingenuity and tend to progress over time. To transcend this paradigm will be possible only through the kind of post-Cartesian perspective on material artefacts that has been championed by Bruno Latour. However, Latour’s own neglect of technological systems as social strategies of exploitation reflects his lack of concern with global inequalities.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413488960|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413488960
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
  • Simondon, Individuation and the Life Sciences: Interview with Anne
    • Authors: Bardini; T.
      Pages: 141 - 161
      Abstract: In this interview, Anne Fagot-Largeault discusses with Thierry Bardini her recollections of the life and work of French philosopher Gilbert Simondon (1924–1989). The discussion covers Simondon’s theory of individuation and considers its influences on contemporary thinkers such as Gilles Deleuze and François Laruelle. Fagot-Largeault situates Simondon’s thinking within the broader context of 20th-century biological research and the development of life sciences. Informed by her personal association and experiences working with Simondon, her reminiscences shed light on the unique character of Simondon as a person and as a thinker.
      PubDate: 2014-06-23T04:14:07-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413508450|hwp:master-id:sptcs;0263276413508450
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 4 (2014)
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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