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Journal Cover Theory, Culture & Society
  [SJR: 1.954]   [H-I: 52]   [85 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0263-2764 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3616
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [842 journals]
  • Social Media and the Politics of Small Data: Post Publication Peer Review
           and Academic Value
    • Authors: Blackman L.
      Pages: 3 - 26
      Abstract: Academics across the sciences and humanities are increasingly being encouraged to use social media as a post-publication strategy to enhance and extend the impact of their articles and books. As well as various measures of social media impact, the turn towards publication outlets which are open access and free to use is contributing to anxieties over where, what and how to publish. This is all the more pernicious given the increasing measures of academic value that govern the academy, and the stresses, strains and hidden injuries that structure academic life. This article will debate these issues and their consequences for the humanities and social sciences by analysing the contours of a recent controversy in academic science publishing, which follows the after-lives of a highly cited journal article. This includes a discussion of the value and status of post-publication peer review, and the politics of open access publishing, of citation and the public communication of science within digital environments and archives.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415590002
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Care, Laboratory Beagles and Affective Utopia
    • Authors: Giraud, E; Hollin, G.
      Pages: 27 - 49
      Abstract: A caring approach to knowledge production has been portrayed as epistemologically radical, ethically vital and as fostering continuous responsibility between researchers and research-subjects. This article examines these arguments through focusing on the ambivalent role of care within the first large-scale experimental beagle colony, a self-professed ‘beagle utopia’ at the University of California, Davis (1951–86). We argue that care was at the core of the beagle colony; the lived environment was re-shaped in response to animals ‘speaking back’ to researchers, and ‘love’ and ‘kindness’ were important considerations during staff recruitment. Ultimately, however, we show that care relations were used to manufacture compliancy, preventing the predetermined ends of the experiment from being troubled. Rather than suggesting Davis would have been less ethically troubling, or more epistemologically radical, with ‘better’ care, however, we suggest the case troubles existing care theory and argue that greater attention needs to be paid to histories, contexts, and exclusions.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415619685
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Screen Trauma: Visual Media and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Authors: Pinchevski A.
      Pages: 51 - 75
      Abstract: Recent studies in psychiatry reveal an acceptance of trauma through the media. Traditionally restricted to immediate experience, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is now expanding to include mediated experience. How did this development come about? How does mediated trauma manifest itself? What are its consequences? This essay addresses these questions through three cases: (1) ‘trauma film paradigm’, an early 1960s research program that employed films to simulate traumatic effects; (2) the psychiatric study into the clinical effects of watching catastrophic events on television, culminating with the September 11 attacks; (3) reports on drone operators who exhibit PTSD symptoms after flying combat missions away from the war zone. The recognition of mediated trauma marks a qualitative change in the understanding of media effects, rendering the impact literal and the consequences clinical. What informs recent speculations about the possibility of trauma through media is a conceptual link between visual media and contemporary conceptions of trauma.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415619220
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Fanons Lacan and the Traumatogenic Child: Psychoanalytic Reflections on
           the Dynamics of Colonialism and Racism
    • Authors: Burman E.
      Pages: 77 - 101
      Abstract: This paper revisits Fanon’s relationship with psychoanalysis, specifically Lacanian psychoanalysis, via a close reading of his rhetorics of childhood – primarily as mobilized by the ‘Look, a Negro!’ scenario from Black Skin, White Masks, the traumatogenic scene which installs the black man’s sense of alienation from his own body and his inferiority. While this scene has been much discussed, the role accorded the child in this has attracted little attention. This paper focuses on the role and positioning of the child to reconsider Fanon’s ideas, in relation to his contribution to the social constitution of subjectivity, arguing that reading Fanon alongside both his citations of Lacan and some aspects of Lacanian theory opens up further interpretive possibilities in teasing out tensions in Fanon’s writing around models of subjectivity. Finally, it is argued that it is where Fanon retains an indeterminacy surrounding the child that he is most politically fruitful.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415598627
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Towards a Parasitic Ethics
    • Authors: Burton, J; Tam, D.
      Pages: 103 - 125
      Abstract: The parasite is widely conceived as a negative figure that takes without giving; perceived as an agent of corruption and destruction, it is subjected to programmes of eradication and expulsion across cultural, economic, political and ethical contexts. This paper offers an alternative approach to the status of parasitic relations in light of Michel Serres’s The Parasite, elaborated through ethnographic research into the after-hours culture and hidden economy of London’s Borough Market. We highlight the mutual dependence of agents in host-parasite networks according to what we term ‘general parasitism’, while inquiring into its ethical potential. Ultimately, we argue that while taking into account the near ubiquity of parasitic relations cannot form the basis for any concrete axiomatic ethical paradigm, it should at least encourage an ethics of hesitation before judgement when faced with any apparent instance of parasitism: to presume that parasitism is undesirable and unethical is itself undesirable and unethical.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415600224
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • On the Ageing of Objects in Modern Culture: Ornament and Crime
    • Authors: Schiermer B.
      Pages: 127 - 150
      Abstract: The article seeks to develop a new conceptual framework suitable for analysing the ageing processes of objects in modern culture. The basic intuition is that object experience cannot be analysed separately from collective participation. The article focuses on the question of the ‘timeless’ nature of modernist design and seeks to understand why modernist objects age more slowly than other objects. First, inspired by the late Durkheim’s account of symbolism, I turn to the experiential effects of collective embeddedness. Second, I enter the field of architectural practices and architectural theory. Visiting early modernist ideologue Adolf Loos, I seek to understand the modernist attitude as a direct response to experiences of the acceleration of ageing processes characteristic of modern culture. I then try to show how Loos’s explicit awareness of the collective dimension is ignored by the subsequent modernist movement and by architectural theory. Finally, I try to assess the consequences of this neglect.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415598625
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • A Network is a Network is a Network: Reflections on the Computational and
           the Societies of Control
    • Authors: Berry, D. M; Galloway, A. R.
      Pages: 151 - 172
      Abstract: In this wide-ranging conversation, Berry and Galloway explore the implications of undertaking media theoretical work for critiquing the digital in a time when networks proliferate and, as Galloway claims, we need to ‘forget Deleuze’. Through the lens of Galloway’s new book, Laruelle: Against the Digital, the potential of a ‘non-philosophy’ for media is probed. From the import of the allegorical method from excommunication to the question of networks, they discuss Galloway’s recent work and reflect on the implications of computation for media theory, thinking about media objects, and critical theory.
      PubDate: 2016-06-02T20:51:08-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415590237
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 4 (2016)
       
 
 
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