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Journal Cover   Theory, Culture & Society
  [SJR: 1.233]   [H-I: 44]   [214 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0263-2764 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3616
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [757 journals]
  • Social Science and Neuroscience beyond Interdisciplinarity: Experimental
    • Authors: Fitzgerald, D; Callard, F.
      Pages: 3 - 32
      Abstract: This article is an account of the dynamics of interaction across the social sciences and neurosciences. Against an arid rhetoric of ‘interdisciplinarity’, it calls for a more expansive imaginary of what experiment – as practice and ethos – might offer in this space. Arguing that opportunities for collaboration between social scientists and neuroscientists need to be taken seriously, the article situates itself against existing conceptualizations of these dynamics, grouping them under three rubrics: ‘critique’, ‘ebullience’ and ‘interaction’. Despite their differences, each insists on a distinction between sociocultural and neurobiological knowledge, or does not show how a more entangled field might be realized. The article links this absence to the ‘regime of the inter-’, an ethic of interdisciplinarity that guides interaction between disciplines on the understanding of their pre-existing separateness. The argument of the paper is thus twofold: (1) that, contra the ‘regime of the inter-’, it is no longer practicable to maintain a hygienic separation between sociocultural webs and neurobiological architecture; (2) that the cognitive neuroscientific experiment, as a space of epistemological and ontological excess, offers an opportunity to researchers, from all disciplines, to explore and register this realization.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414537319
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • Critical Neuroscience and Socially Extended Minds
    • Authors: Slaby, J; Gallagher, S.
      Pages: 33 - 59
      Abstract: The concept of a socially extended mind suggests that our cognitive processes are extended not simply by the various tools and technologies we use, but by other minds in our intersubjective interactions and, more systematically, by institutions that, like tools and technologies, enable and sometimes constitute our cognitive processes. In this article we explore the potential of this concept to facilitate the development of a critical neuroscience. We explicate the concept of cognitive institution and suggest that science itself is a good example. Science, through various practices and rules, shapes our cognitive activity so as to constitute a certain type of knowledge, packaged with relevant skills and techniques. To develop this example, we focus on neuroscience, its cultural impact, and the various institutional entanglements that complicate its influence on reframing conceptions of self and subjectivity, and on defining what questions count as important and what kind of answers will be valued.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414551996
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • Biomimicry: New Natures, New Enclosures
    • Authors: Goldstein, J; Johnson, E.
      Pages: 61 - 81
      Abstract: Advocates of biomimicry encourage a new industrial paradigm that ostensibly leaves behind the crude violence of Francis Bacon, the domination of nature-as-machine, and a history of toxic production processes that have given rise to a present and coming climate crisis. As part of a broader trend towards the conceptualization and development of a ‘bioeconomy’, we argue here that biomimicry produces ‘nature’ in new ways. At face value, these new approaches to valuing nature may seem less violent and exploitative. Yet, new natures can and are tortured in new ways. We argue that biomimicry produces ‘nature’ through well-worn logics of resource enclosure and privatization, focusing upon two fundamental shifts in how nonhuman life is figured and put to work: (1) the production of nature as intellectual property (as opposed to raw materials); (2) the production of nature as an active subject (as opposed to a passive receptacle or vehicle).
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414551032
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • Introduction to Georg Simmel's Essay 'On Art Exhibitions'
    • Authors: Harrington; A.
      Pages: 83 - 85
      Abstract: This introduction to Georg Simmel’s essay ‘On Art Exhibitions’ (1890) sketches the context and relevance of some striking points of commonality to Walter Benjamin’s much better-known ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction’ of 1936, as well as to Simmel’s own subsequent essay on ‘The Metropolis and Mental Life’ of 1903. The introduction is followed by a complete English translation.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414531053
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • On Art Exhibitions
    • Authors: Simmel; G.
      Pages: 87 - 92
      Abstract: This early essay by Georg Simmel, first published in 1890, reflects on some sociological features of the phenomenon of the art exhibition in European culture at the end of the nineteenth century. The text presents Simmel's judgement at this time – in some respects negative, in other respects positive – of the consequences of the juxtaposition of multiple visual objects within definite temporary institutional spaces for future artistic production, organisation and reception. Particularly notable in the text are some themes that look forward both to Simmel's own better-known essay of 1902, ‘The Metropolis and Mental Life’, and to Walter Benjamin's famous study of 1936, ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction’.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414531052
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • The Digital Body: Telegraphy as Discourse Network
    • Authors: Maddalena, K; Packer, J.
      Pages: 93 - 117
      Abstract: This article considers the use of flag telegraphy by the US Signal Corps during the Civil War as it functioned as a proto-technical medium that preceded wire telegraphy as a military communications technology. Not only was flag telegraphy a historical step towards contemporary technical media, it was also an early iteration of the digitization of communication. Our treatment ties together three main theoretical threads as a way of seeing ‘the digital’ in material communication practices: (1) Friedrich Kittler’s concept of technical media as a remediation between the 19th and 20th centuries, (2) Foucault’s docile bodies as means of reproducing culture, and (3) James Carey’s argument that the telegraph reconfigured communication. The Signal Corps is a rich historical moment in terms of media history and history of technology because it illustrates the convergence of historical exigencies at work in the war machine: mobility, secrecy, precision, and speed. Each contributes, we argue, to a digital telos that privileges digital ways of knowing and being.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413520620
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • On Organizing Algorithms
    • Authors: Neyland; D.
      Pages: 119 - 132
      Abstract: This short paper acts as a comment on Totaro and Ninno's ‘The Concept of Algorithm as an Interpretative Key of Modern Rationality’ and also introduces some new avenues for exploring the organization of algorithms. In recent discussion of algorithms, concerns have been expressed regarding the apparent power, agential capacity and control that algorithms command of our lives (Beer, 2009; Lash, 2007; Slavin, 2011; Spring, 2011; Stalder and Mayer, 2009). The logic of order, if there is one within these discussions, appears somewhat distinct from the metaphor of recursion suggested by Totaro and Ninno. Using this distinction as a starting point, the paper explores alternative metaphors from which to begin an engagement with political questions of algorithmic ordering. The paper argues for engaging with associative metaphors of: algorithmic account, fluidity, absent-presence and sociality. The paper explores these associative metaphors through an important set of emerging questions regarding organizing algorithms: who and what is included or excluded, on what terms and to what ends?
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276414530477
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
  • Trajectories of Liberalism and Neoliberalism
    • Authors: Gane; N.
      Pages: 133 - 144
      Abstract: This review article of The Making of Modern Liberalism and Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics centres on the different trajectories of liberal and neoliberal thought that are mapped out by these two works. It is argued that to achieve an understanding of the meeting points, continuities and discontinuities between liberalism and neoliberalism it is necessary to examine the economic and political bases of these forms of governmental reason. By doing so, it is suggested that it is possible to develop a fuller understanding of what was/is new about neoliberalism as both a political and an epistemological project.
      PubDate: 2014-12-09T03:30:57-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276413510021
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2014)
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