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Journal Cover   Theory, Culture & Society
  [SJR: 1.954]   [H-I: 52]   [81 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0263-2764 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3616
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [827 journals]
  • Problematizing Disciplinarity, Transdisciplinary Problematics
    • Authors: Osborne; P.
      Pages: 3 - 35
      Abstract: This article situates current debates about transdisciplinarity within the deeper history of academic disciplinarity, in its difference from the notions of inter- and multi-disciplinarity. It offers a brief typology and history of established conceptions of transdisciplinarity within science and technology studies. It then goes on to raise the question of the conceptual structure of transdisciplinary generality in the humanities, with respect to the incorporation of the 19th- and 20th-century German and French philosophical traditions into the anglophone humanities, under the name of ‘theory’. It identifies two distinct – dialectical and anti-dialectical, or dialectical and transversal – transdisciplinary trajectories. It locates the various contributions to the special issue of which it is the introduction within this conceptual field, drawing attention to the distinct contribution of the French debates about structuralism and its aftermath – those by Serres, Foucault, Derrida, Guattari and Latour, in particular. It concludes with an appendix on Foucault’s place within current debates about disciplinarity and academic disciplines.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592245
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Introduction to Serres on Trandisciplinarity
    • Authors: Mercier; L.
      Pages: 37 - 40
      Abstract: Excerpted from an article on Leibniz first published in 1974 in Hermès III, la Traduction, Michel Serres’s ‘Transdisciplinarity as Relative Exteriority’ offers a synoptic view of Serres’s vision of the relationship between philosophy and the sciences. Serres charts four historical strategies by which philosophy has secured its theoretical control over the sciences, four versions of philosophical exteriority towards the scientific field. He contrasts this topography or philosophical ‘theatre’ of representation to Leibniz’s immanent relation to scientific discourse. A systematic whole without fixed metalanguage, the Leibnizian encyclopaedia constitutes, according to Serres, a truly transdisciplinary method.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415599118
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Transdisciplinarity as Relative Exteriority
    • Authors: Serres; M.
      Pages: 41 - 44
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415597046
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Foucault's Point of Heresy: 'Quasi-Transcendentals' and the
           Transdisciplinary Function of the Episteme
    • Authors: Balibar; E.
      Pages: 45 - 77
      Abstract: Major difficulties for readers of Foucault’s The Order of Things concern the historical function and the logical construction of the episteme. Our proposal is to link it with another notion, the ‘point of heresy’, less frequently addressed. This leads to asserting that irreconcilable dilemmas are in fact determined by the type of rationality governing the emergence of common objects of knowledge. It also introduces a possibility of ‘walking on two roads’: a dialogical adventure within rationality. Foucault is not content with either accepting or rejecting the ‘transcendental’ question ‘What is Man?’: with the help of quasi-transcendental categories performing a ‘transdisciplinary’ function, he wants to reach the ‘heretical’ point where anthropology becomes historicity within the horizon of finitude.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592036
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Logics of Generalization: Derrida, Grammatology and Transdisciplinarity
    • Authors: Cunningham; D.
      Pages: 79 - 107
      Abstract: This article seeks to explore some issues regarding the different modes of generality at stake in the formation of transdisciplinary concepts within the production of ‘theory’ in the humanities and social sciences. Focused around Jacques Derrida’s seminal account of ‘writing’ in his 1967 book Of Grammatology, the article outlines what it defines as a logic of generalization at stake in Derrida’s elaborations of a quasi-transcendental ‘inscription in general’. Starting out from the questions thereby raised about the relationship between such forms of generality and those historically ascribed to philosophy, the article concludes by contrasting Derrida’s generalized writing with more recent returns to ‘metaphysics’ in the work of Bruno Latour and others. Against the immediately ‘ontological’ orientation of much recent ‘new materialist’ or ‘object-oriented’ thought, the article argues for the necessity of ‘different levels of writing in general’ through a continual folding back of absolute generalization into historically specific disciplinary crossings and exchanges; something suggested by but never really developed in Derrida’s own work.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592037
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Reading Transdisciplinarily: Sartre and Althusser
    • Authors: Power; N.
      Pages: 109 - 124
      Abstract: This article considers transdisciplinarity from the standpoint of reading and readers, rather than as a collection of texts, concepts or proper names. It argues that the humanism and anti-humanism debates of the 1950s and 1960s, particularly understood through the work of Jean-Paul Sartre and Louis Althusser, was above all a debate about the politics of reading. Understanding transdisciplinarity to relate to a projected model of post-disciplinarity, the article suggests that transdisciplinarity needs to supplement its conceptual and political remit with a theory of reading, such that reading across disciplines simultaneously becomes a question of reading beyond disciplinary boundaries.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592038
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Introduction to Guattari on Trandisciplinarity
    • Authors: Goffey; A.
      Pages: 125 - 130
      Abstract: Written roughly a year before the end of his life, Guattari’s ‘The Ethico-Political Foundations of Interdisciplinarity’ elaborates an account of transdisciplinary research processes closely informed by his conception of transversality. Tacitly critiquing institutions of research that separate it from the political practices associated with the reinvention of democracy, the paper explores in particular the possibilities of conducting transversal research into urban life, and speculates on the value of information technology.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415599110
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Transdisciplinarity Must Become Transversality
    • Authors: Guattari; F.
      Pages: 131 - 137
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415597045
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Structuralism's Afters: Tracing Transdisciplinarity through Guattari and
    • Authors: Alliez; E.
      Pages: 139 - 158
      Abstract: This article analyses Guattari's and Latour's bodies of work as radical developers of a processual and ontological transdisciplinarity. These works impose a definitive break from the history that, in the 1960s, had drawn upon structuralism in order to oppose philosophy with an epistemological revolution from the perspective of a scientific problematization and first transdisciplinary reconfiguration of the sciences de l'homme. It is shown that the second anti-structuralist transdisciplinarity affirms as its raison dêtre "the necessity to return to Pragmatics" (Guattari), to enact the new significance of the transversal constructions liberated by the rhizomatic monism of a hybrid social ontology (Latour). Between Guattari, Latour, and the ecologization they share, a total de-epistemologization and re-ontologization is engaged. It leads to the fall of the 'Ontological Iron Curtain' erected by the philosophical tradition between mind and matter, nature and society. The article concludes by critically addressing the final statements of both Guattari and Latour towards a new aesthetic paradigm and a new diplomacy of institutional forms respectively.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415594237
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Contradiction of Terms: Feminist Theory, Philosophy and
    • Authors: Sandford; S.
      Pages: 159 - 182
      Abstract: This article addresses the question of the relation between disciplines and transdisciplinary practices and concepts through a discussion of the relationship between philosophy and the emblematically transdisciplinary practice of feminist theory, via a discussion of interdisciplinarity and related terms in gender studies. It argues that the tendency of philosophy to reject feminist theory, as alien to it as a discipline, is in a sense correct, to the extent that the two defining features of feminist theory – its constitutive tie to a political agenda for social change and the transdisciplinary character of many of its central concepts – are indeed at odds with, and pose a threat to, the traditional insularity of the discipline of philosophy. If feminist philosophy incorporates feminist theory, its transdisciplinary aspects thus open it up to an unavoidable contradiction. Nonetheless, I will argue, this is a contradiction that can and must be endured and made productive.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415594238
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Identity and Intervention: Disciplinarity as Transdisciplinarity in Gender
    • Authors: Pulkkinen; T.
      Pages: 183 - 205
      Abstract: Within the past 40 years, feminist studies/women’s studies/gender studies/studies in gender and sexuality has effectively grown into a globally practised academic discipline while simultaneously resisting the notion of disciplinarity and strongly advocating multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, and transdisciplinarity. In this article, I argue that gaining identity through refusing an identity can be viewed as being a constitutive paradox of gender studies. Through exploring gender studies as a transdisciplinary intellectual discipline, which came into existence in very particular multidisciplinary historical conditions of the feminist movement, I suggest that transdisciplinarity within gender studies takes on a meaning which results in a radical problematization of the academic goal of ‘knowledge production’. Instead of such ‘knowledge production’, transdisciplinarity in gender studies promotes intervention which reaches beyond the concepts of accountability, innovation and corporate management. I argue that Jacques Derrida’s promotion of the Collège International de Philosophie in 1982 in its particular relationship to the tradition of philosophy provides a parallel example of such an attitude. Adding to Joan Scott’s and Clare Hemmings’s insights on gender studies in terms of critique and transformation, I argue that transdisciplinarity as practice of ‘intervention’ is crucial for the construction of gender studies disciplinary identity, based upon apparent non-identity.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592683
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
  • Temporal Drag: Transdisciplinarity and the 'Case' of Psychosocial Studies
    • Authors: Baraitser; L.
      Pages: 207 - 231
      Abstract: Psychosocial studies is a putatively ‘new’ or emerging field concerned with the irreducible relation between psychic and social life. Genealogically, it attempts to re-suture a tentative relation between mind and social world, individual and mass, internality and externality, norm and subject, and the human and non-human, through gathering up and re-animating largely forgotten debates that have played out across a range of other disciplinary spaces. If, as I argue, the central tenets, concepts and questions for psychosocial studies emerge out of a re-appropriation of what have become anachronistic or ‘useless’ concepts in other fields – ‘the unconscious’, for instance, in the discipline of psychology – then we need to think about transdisciplinarity not just in spatial terms (that is, in terms of the movement across disciplinary borders) but also in temporal terms. This may involve engaging with theoretical ‘embarrassments’, one of which – the notion of ‘psychic reality’ – I explore here.
      PubDate: 2015-09-22T20:30:43-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0263276415592039
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 5-6 (2015)
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