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Police Journal : Theory, Practice and Principles
Number of Followers: 453  
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 2 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0032-258X - ISSN (Online) 1740-5599
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1085 journals]
  • ‘It’s not getting them the support they need’: Exploratory research
           of police officers’ experiences of community mental health
    • Authors: Vicky Lamb, Emma Tarpey
      Pages: 277 - 295
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Volume 92, Issue 4, Page 277-295, December 2019.
      Police officers are first responders in a role which not only encompasses crime, but also increasing welfare issues. Issues have been highlighted with officers ‘detaining’ those with mental health difficulties and the impact that this process can have upon all involved. However, there appears to be a shift towards a police-health nexus. An exploratory study interviewed ten UK police officers with a view to understanding officers’ experiences of working with people with mental health difficulties and the availability of training for this role. With increasing demands to support people with mental health concerns, alongside a reduction in officer numbers, thematic analysis highlighted three themes: Support, Impact on the Officer and Understanding Mental Health. Increasing demands, a lack of training and limited multi-agency working were experienced by officers. However, officer-to-officer support was strong. Recommendations are made to increase collaborative multi-agency working and review the role of police officers as first responders in mental health crises.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X18812006
  • Predictors of satisfaction with Kenya’s police and Kenya’s criminal
           justice system: Results from a sample of Kenyan college students
    • Authors: Daniel K Pryce, George Wilson, Kenethia Fuller
      Pages: 296 - 315
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Volume 92, Issue 4, Page 296-315, December 2019.
      Although the influence of procedural justice on citizens’ satisfaction and cooperation with police has been tested in several geopolitical contexts, this is the first study to examine the relationship between procedural justice and satisfaction with Kenya’s police and Kenya’s criminal justice system on a Kenyan college campus. Using a sample of 523 students from a prominent Kenyan university, we found that procedural justice and officer integrity predicted satisfaction with both Kenya’s police and criminal justice system. Also, more highly educated students (sophomores, juniors, and seniors, compared to freshmen) were more satisfied with both the Kenyan police and criminal justice system. Conversely, victims of crime in the community were less satisfied with Kenyan police, and students who had a negative personal experience with police were less satisfied with the country’s criminal justice system. Although instrumental factors of policing (e.g., police effectiveness) were not tested in this study, thus precluding a comparative assessment of normative and instrumental models of policing, this study contributes to the extant literature by pointing out the salience of procedural justice and officer integrity for improving the relationship between the police and the communities they are sworn to serve. The study’s implications for policy are discussed.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X18814281
  • You don’t see the world through the same eyes any more: The impact of
           sexual offending work on police staff
    • Authors: Ruth Parkes, Nicola Graham-Kevan, Jo Bryce
      Pages: 316 - 338
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Volume 92, Issue 4, Page 316-338, December 2019.
      This paper examines the experiences of police staff in England who work with sexual offence material (SOM). Eleven officers completed a questionnaire then took part in semi-structured interviews. The data were analysed in two stages: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to illuminate the ‘lived experience’ of participants, and establish a theme structure. Clinical models of workplace trauma were then employed to explore the theme ‘Impact of working with sexual offending’. Impact includes cognitive intrusions and increased suspiciousness. The authors identify where officers’ accounts intersect with nascent symptoms of both Vicarious Traumatisation (McCann and Pearlman, 1990) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X18812515
  • Learning through practice: Collaborative policing partnerships in teaching
           in higher education
    • Authors: Katie Strudwick
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses the development and good practice of an undergraduate collaborative partnership module between police practitioners and academics meeting the challenges for teaching partnerships within higher education. Through innovative curriculum design and the application of the Student as Producer model, the article considers aspects of student engagement, ownership of learning journeys and shared dialogues. The case study was developed to strengthen existing productive links with policing and offer real-life collaboration on contemporary police studies. The module has impacted on student learning and has institutionally embraced professional practice in teaching through designing ‘academic practice as learning’.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-10-18T06:32:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19882056
  • Police officers’ definitions and understandings of intimate partner
           violence in New Brunswick, Canada
    • Authors: Carmen Gill, Mary Ann Campbell, Dale Ballucci
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Police agencies have an important role to play in responding to intimate partner violence (IPV) situations. The objective of our study was to examine how police officers define IPV and to circumscribe police officers’ attitudes about the issue. This study examined results from a survey conducted with police officers (N = 169) in the province of New Brunswick. A major implication of our study points toward education and training as a necessary passage to more efficient intervention as perceptions are not enough to make an informed decision about IPV situations.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-09-27T02:49:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19876974
  • Fully informed' A methodology for assessing covert informant coverage
           in policing and law enforcement
    • Authors: Colin Atkinson
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The use of covert informants has become a mainstay of contemporary policing in the United Kingdom as police, security and enforcement agencies tackle a range of crimes. Within such agencies, the need to understand the extent to which covert informants can provide information on issues of interest has become essential to effective practice. Drawing upon social penetration theory, this article proposes a new methodology to support police and law enforcement agencies in systematically mapping the breadth and depth of informant coverage. The future testing of such a methodology in practice will represent a critical area for further development and debate.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-09-03T01:44:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19871325
  • Understanding corruption in the lower levels of the Afghan police force
    • Authors: Danny Singh
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Definitions of police corruption are usually associated with bribery and extortion. Police culture entails internalised and uncodified norms, rules and values that may enhance susceptibility of corruption within a police force. This article provides an empirical study on police corruption within the lower levels of the Afghan police due to the lack of studies conducted with them. Undertaking a social constructivist approach, the aim of the study is to provide the perceptions from Afghan police officers on the causes and practices of police corruption. The findings reveal that the main causes are heavily linked to unprofessionalism, low pay and the lack of controls. Police accountability is low and solidarity appears high. Moreover, patronage and the acceptance of corruption as a means to getting things done are part of social practices engrained in Afghan culture which leads to the practices of biased recruitment, bribery and extortion. In relation to noble cause corruption, there is no sense of mission and the idea of policing, as part of a mandate, has been lost in the Afghan police force. An understanding of police corruption and police culture from the perspective of street-level police officers is relevant to understand the main causes and practices of corruption and mitigate them to restore public faith in the police as a main port of security. This can prevent potential Taliban resurgence by deterring alternative security promoted by the insurgency.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-08-07T02:29:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19862014
  • Removing disabling barriers in policing: Dyslexia and literacy
           difficulties in the police service
    • Authors: Stephen J Macdonald, Faye Cosgrove
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this article is to explore the impact of dyslexia, self-identified dyslexia and literacy difficulties on police officers/civilian employees. The study employs a social model approach which advocates that problems associated with dyslexia are not due to an impairment effect but can be attributed to a lack of reasonable adjustment due to disabling environmental barriers. The methodology applies a quantitative approach that analyses the impact that dyslexia/literacy difficulties have on policing. The authors suggest that with minor adjustments to working environments, police organisations can foster an inclusive rather than exclusive occupational environment.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-08-06T02:52:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19862008
  • Evaluation of ‘the R-Model’ crisis intervention de-escalation training
           for law enforcement
    • Authors: Jillian Peterson, James Densley, Gina Erickson
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This study presents findings from a process and outcome evaluation of a custom crisis intervention and de-escalation training for law enforcement, delivered in-house to a suburban Minnesota police department (the R-Model: Research, Respond, Refer). Individual officer survey data showed the R-Model significantly decreased stigma and increased self-reported knowledge of mental health resources over baseline. Knowledge of resources held at the 4-month follow-up. One-year follow-up data at the agency level, showed decreases in the number of crisis calls for service and the number of repeat calls to the same addresses, even when compared to crisis call rates at similar police departments. Findings provide preliminary evidence that the R-Model may be an effective model that warrants additional study.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-31T02:27:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19864997
  • Key attributes of an effective human source handler: Implications for
           handler selection and training
    • Authors: Pamela Henry, Nikki Rajakaruna, Charl Crous, John Buckley
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Despite the importance of human source intelligence very little has been written about the selection of police officers to undertake the specialist role of handler, and approaches to training in this specialist area. This research examined the nature of handling and the core attributes of effective human source handlers as perceived by 22 experienced handlers. Participants described handling as characterised by relationship alliance, task alliance and technique. Participants also identified attributes associated with the effective handling of human sources. Findings have important implications for the selection and training of officers for the role of human source handler.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-31T02:27:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19862589
  • Can police be trained in trauma processing to minimise PTSD symptoms'
           Feasibility and proof of concept with a newly recruited UK police
    • Authors: Jessica K Miller, Alexandra Peart, Magdalena Soffia
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Neuropsychological trauma processing techniques based on hippocampal-dependent spatial and episotadic memory were trialled with 71 newly recruited officers within one UK police force between March 2018 and February 2019. Results indicate that the skills are teachable within an operational training environment, have a positive impact on feelings of ease about difficult or traumatic work-related incidents, can improve recall of events and may mitigate against the impact of age and trauma exposure on memory. Participants report the techniques to be useable, sharable and operationally relevant to trauma management and personal resilience. Results will inform a larger randomised controlled trial.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-30T09:10:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19864852
  • Criminal justice policy inside-out: An initial case study in education
           among police and incarcerated men
    • Authors: Norman Conti, Adam Burston, Jesse Wozniak, Elaine Frantz
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This project discusses the development and implementation of a three-credit graduate/undergraduate course, offered to police officers and incarcerated men, that would eventually become part of the city’s recruit training academy. The initial class consisted of six veteran officers and six men serving life sentences. The programme has the potential to integrate the fundamentals of restorative justice within the occupational culture of policing in order to produce direct benefits for public safety and may also be effective for building more authentic relationships between police and communities of colour. The article explains what went into creating this class, how it progressed and what resulted.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-23T02:33:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19860421
  • Perception of police officer effectiveness in China: Does organisational
           support matter'
    • Authors: Francis D Boateng, Guangzhen Wu
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The primary objective of this study is to examine the influence of officers’ perceptions of organisational support on their perceived effectiveness in China. The study also examined demographic differences in how Chinese police officers perceived the support they receive from the police organisation. To achieve these objectives, the present study surveyed and analysed data obtained from 271 officers who were conveniently selected from one of the two major national police universities in China. Findings from the analysis revealed that officers’ perception of organisational support and their effectiveness were unrelated. However, findings indicated significant demographic differences in perceived organisational support. Officers’ rank, department and the location of their agencies predicted perceptions of organisation support. Policy implications of the study findings are discussed.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-22T03:10:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19862015
  • Civilian oversight of the police: The case of Kenya
    • Authors: Kempe Ronald Hope
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Although more and more countries across the globe are moving toward independent civilian oversight of their police, that is not the case in Africa, where only Kenya and South Africa have followed that route. This work offers an analytical review and assessment case study of the practice of civilian oversight of the police and its application in Kenya. It quantitatively evaluates the performance of civilian oversight, set against the practice of civilian oversight of the police, and drawing heavily also on the background and field experience of the author, who served in Kenya in various policy adviser capacities.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-07-08T04:00:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19860727
  • Book review: Unarmed and Dangerous: Patterns of Threats by Citizens During
           Deadly Force Encounters with Police
    • Authors: Richard Smith
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-06-14T03:05:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19855119
  • Barriers to reporting hate crime: A Welsh perspective
    • Authors: Gareth J. Cuerden, Brian Blakemore
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This study gathered 197 participants, interviewed within 48 hours of being victims of Hate Crime. This immediate follow-up should ensure accurate responses. The responses of the victims were compared to that of 113 Welsh front-line staff who respond to and support such victims. The barriers to reporting are found to be broadly similar with the findings of other UK studies. A considerable difference in understanding of the barriers to reporting hate crime was found between the victims and support services. The main reason given for non-reporting was common: the poor service, attitude and treatment from the police.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-06-11T03:22:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19855113
  • ‘Alert not alarm’: The UK experience of public counter-terrorism
           awareness and training, with explicit reference to Project ARGUS
    • Authors: Dylan Aplin, Marian Brooke Rogers
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-06-06T03:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19851537
  • Individual characteristics, secondary trauma and burnout in police sexual
           and violent offending teams
    • Authors: Clarabella Gray, Michelle Rydon-Grange
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-05-16T08:07:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19847499
  • Understanding the use, and misuse, of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
           in trauma-informed policing
    • Authors: Karen Bateson, Michelle McManus, Georgia Johnson
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-04-24T05:11:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19841409
  • ‘No action required’: A historical pattern of inaction and discretion
           towards child sexual abuse in Queensland policing
    • Authors: Paul Bleakley
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-04-05T03:15:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19839281
  • ‘These people are vulnerable, they aren’t criminals’: Mental health,
           the use of force and deaths after police contact in England
    • Authors: David Baker, Claire Pillinger
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-04-05T03:13:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19839275
  • Understanding the outcome of police safeguarding notifications to social
           services in South Wales

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Kat Ford, Annemarie Newbury, Zoe Meredith, Jessica Evans, Karen Hughes, Janine Roderick, Alisha R Davies, Mark A Bellis
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-03-20T03:46:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19836144
  • Applying an outcomes-based categorisation to non-warranted/non-sworn
           volunteers in United States policing
    • Authors: Ross Wolf, Thomas Bryer
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-03-19T04:04:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19837309
  • Differences in citizen perceptions of interactions with police officers
    • Authors: Nick Clark, Robert Werling, Sriram Chintakrindi, Blake Randol
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-02-25T03:12:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19826855
  • The Abstract Police: A conceptual exploration of unintended changes of
           police organisations
    • Authors: Jan Terpstra, Nicholas R. Fyfe, Renze Salet
      First page: 339
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-02-04T04:27:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X18817999
  • Police officers giving evidence: Understanding the enablers and challenges
           of performance
    • Authors: David Brian, Dr Andrew Cruickshank
      First page: 360
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: The Police Journal
      PubDate: 2019-02-14T04:18:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19828407
  • Identifying well-being challenges and solutions in the police service: A
           World Café approach
    • Authors: Andrew James Clements, Adrienne Sharples, Gail Kinman
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Police work presents risks to mental and physical health for officers and civilian staff. We report a project using an innovative method that involved police employees in identifying well-being challenges and potential solutions. We facilitated ‘World Café’ events in which approximately 180 officers and civilian staff participated. Qualitative data were collected and thematically analysed drawing upon the Job Demands-Resources model. We developed themes relating to workload, management practices, occupational health processes, and continuing mental health stigma. Our analyses suggest an environment in which resources are insufficient to meet demands and the resulting pressures may contribute to management behaviours that can impair subordinate well-being.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19898723
  • Demographic and cognitive risk factors for police mental disorder symptoms
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Stephanie Korol, Kelsey D Vig, Michelle J N Teale Sapach, Gordon J G Asmundson, R Nicholas Carleton
      Abstract: The Police Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The current study was designed to assess whether cognitive risk factors (i.e. anxiety sensitivity (AS), intolerance of uncertainty (IU)) explained variance in mental disorder symptoms in Canadian police officers beyond variance explained by demographic variables (i.e. sex, marital status, education, years of service). Police participants (708 men; 271 women) completed measures assessing posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, IU and AS. Multivariate analysis of variance demonstrated that only main effects of sex were significant for all symptom variables, except SAD. Hierarchical multiple regressions demonstrated that AS and IU accounted for greater variance than sex on all mental disorder symptom measures, which suggests that cognitive risk factors explain more variance in mental disorder symptoms than sex. Efforts to reduce AS and IU may be beneficial for improving police mental health.
      Citation: The Police Journal
      DOI: 10.1177/0032258X19894619
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