Journal Cover Journal of Academic Librarianship
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0099-1333
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3031 journals]
  • Reviews and Analysis of Special Reports
    • Authors: Leslie Stebbins
      Pages: 92 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Leslie Stebbins

      PubDate: 2017-02-27T09:46:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.01.010
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 1 (2017)
  • Root Cause Analysis: Parsing Complex Challenges in Academic Libraries
    • Authors: Karen Sobel
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Karen Sobel
      Root cause analysis (RCA) has been used in government, technology, health care, and other sectors for over 60years. It assists organizations in identifying the original, most authentic cause or causes of an extremely complex problem. Depending on the nature of the problem, the organization can then make plans to mitigate the problem or avoid similar situations in the future. Scholarly library literature does not provide examples of any libraries using RCA. This article aims to present RCA as a strong and relevant addition to academic libraries' array of problem-solving tools. It outlines three models of RCA so that libraries may choose one that suits their needs. As academic libraries almost invariably exist in complex universes of stakeholders, funding, politics, and other factors, I believe that RCA is a natural fit for approaching their challenges efficiently.

      PubDate: 2017-05-21T08:42:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.05.003
  • Key questions in the development and use of survey-based journal rankings
    • Authors: William H. Walters
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): William H. Walters
      This paper presents five key questions that should be considered by researchers and librarians who develop or use survey-based (stated preference) journal rankings. Many of the distinctions among the various rankings—their attributes, strengths, and weaknesses—are captured in the responses to these five questions: What construct is being measured? How are differences in the construct expressed and recorded? Who are the respondents? Which journals are included in the rankings? How is respondents' familiarity with the journals taken into account? The paper also summarizes the problems that may require attention when survey-based rankings are used.

      PubDate: 2017-05-21T08:42:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.05.002
  • Collaborating for student success: An e-mail survey of U.S. libraries and
           writing centers
    • Authors: Holly A. Jackson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Holly A. Jackson

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T19:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.04.005
  • Research Data Management: Defining Roles, Prioritizing Services, and
           Enumerating Challenges
    • Authors: Bethany Latham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Bethany Latham

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T19:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.04.004
  • MTL 2.0: A Report on the Social Media Usage and User Engagement of the
           “Big Four” Academic Libraries in Montréal
    • Authors: Dee Winn; Melissa Rivosecchi; Julia Bjerke; Michael Groenendyk
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Dee Winn, Melissa Rivosecchi, Julia Bjerke, Michael Groenendyk
      Although academic libraries continue to use social media to encourage student use of libraries and promote library resources and services, there has not yet been a study of social media use by the academic libraries in Montréal. This paper examines the social media accounts of the four university libraries in Montréal and, based on data gathered over the course of an 8-month period, seeks to determine the influence of each libraries' social media activity. Success was defined by measurable growth in the number of followers during the period studied. For the three universities with Facebook and Twitter accounts, the account considered most successful was the one with the highest engagement rate. The results indicate that all of the libraries were successful on the first measure, and the libraries with the fewest number of posts had higher levels of user engagement.

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T19:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.04.006
  • Keeping Current: Reviews and Analysis of Special Reports
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T19:38:24Z
  • The Impact of the Monographs Crisis on the Field of Communication
    • Authors: Karen Chapman; Steven D. Yates
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Karen Chapman, Steven D. Yates
      This study replicates and extends Yates and Chapman's [(2007), Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian, 26(1), 39–51] study of references from Communication Monographs, Communication Research, and Journal of Communication for the years 2010 and 2015 to draw further conclusions on the use of monographs in journal literature in the field of communication. Results show that the use of monographs in these journals has been outpaced by references to journal articles by a ratio of 5 to 1. The references were further analyzed by date and publisher. The authors then selected a random sample of the monographs cited in the journals to explore the availability of these monographs in electronic format and found that many are available as ebooks, particularly the more recent titles. The authors also examined the references from a collection of scholarly books in communication from 2005, 2010, and 2015 and found that the use of monographs may be declining slightly. The most notable trend in these references was the increase in the number of references to items in other formats such as film, television, comic books, and websites. The authors conclude that the monographs crisis is indeed affecting citation patterns in the field of communication.

      PubDate: 2017-05-06T19:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.018
  • Examining Undergraduates' Library Priorities Through Q Methodology
    • Authors: Savannah L. Kelly; Brian W. Young
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Savannah L. Kelly, Brian W. Young
      This research study examined how undergraduates at the University of Mississippi prioritized current and prospective library services and spaces. Q methodology was used to identify and classify students' viewpoints through the statistical analysis of card sorting arrangements. Q method is unique in that it embraces both the subjectivity of an individual's perspective while also mathematically aligning that perspective with other similarly minded participants. Forty students were asked to rank-order a sixty-item card deck on a structured grid. These arrangements were then compared across participants to identify group patterns. Quantitative factor analysis revealed that students' perspectives clustered around four distinct points of views: the Environmentalists, the Space Advocates, the Ideological Traditionalists, and the Weekenders. Dimensions and characteristics of each factor are presented along with card rankings and excerpts from exemplar factor student interviews. High priority items where all factors converged—textbook checkout, a tutoring center, printing, and research assistance—are also discussed. Q methodology is proffered as an alternative to traditional library surveys in determining characteristics within one's user population. Recommendations for implementation of Q methodology results at our institution are considered as well as follow-up research initiatives.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T00:25:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.04.002
  • The Politics of Academic Libraries: Every Hire Is a Strategic Hire
    • Authors: John Buschman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): John Buschman

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T00:25:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.04.003
  • Crisis Communication in Libraries: Opportunity for New Roles in Public
    • Authors: Catherine Soehner; Ian Godfrey Scott Bigler
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Catherine Soehner, Ian Godfrey, G. Scott Bigler
      Among the many roles librarians embrace, managing outreach, marketing, and communication are increasingly important. This is especially true during a natural disaster or other crisis situation that might occur in a library. Media and public relations are often the last aspects of crisis management that libraries consider when they complete emergency preparations. When a disaster or crisis occurs, communication to the public and to media outlets is imperative to reduce rumors and misinformation. Immediate communication is also known to maintain a “credible” reputation for the organization that is proactive in communicating facts about the crisis (Claeys & Cauberghe, 2012). The literature provides excellent advice for communicating during a crisis. However, theory is frequently different than putting this theory into practice. A description of a case study in one university library demonstrates implementation of the theory of crisis communication to achieve results of community engagement and trust.

      PubDate: 2017-04-16T13:38:02Z
  • Development and Validation of the Metacognitive Strategies for Library
           Research Skills Scale (MS-LRSS)
    • Authors: Amy Catalano
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Amy Catalano
      The possession of metacognitive strategies can contribute to successful library research experiences. Accordingly, these skills should be explicitly taught during library instruction. In order to facilitate further examination of student metacognitive strategies, the Metacognitive strategies for Library Research Skills Scale (MS-LRSS) was developed and deployed to 224 graduate and undergraduate students at two post-secondary institutions. Development and validation of this instrument is described in this article. Overall, this instrument demonstrated to be a valid and reliable measure of metacognitive strategies in the context of information literacy and library research.

      PubDate: 2017-04-16T13:38:02Z
  • Educational Usage of Mobile Devices: Differences Between Postgraduate and
           Undergraduate Students
    • Authors: Ka Po Lau; Dickson K.W. Chiu; Kevin K.W. Ho; Patrick Lo; Eric W.K. See-To
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Ka Po Lau, Dickson K.W. Chiu, Kevin K.W. Ho, Patrick Lo, Eric W.K. See-To
      The rapid increase of smartphone usage in recent years has provided students the opportunity to participate in mobile learning (m-learning) anywhere, anytime. Academic institutions are also following this trend to launch many m-learning services. This article investigates the differences of the user needs between undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) students though an online survey with 140 Library Information Systems (LIS) subjects in a Japanese university in order to provide solid foundations for future m-learning studies. We find that UG and PG students do not show significant differences in adopting m-learning by smartphones despite the fact that they have different learning patterns. The m-learning frequencies of smartphones generally range from weekly to monthly, where using search engines is the most frequent, and reading academic resources is the least frequent. They tend to use these services for handling their daily routines (such as search engine, social networks) rather than their academic activities (such as using online databases to search for academic materials). Further, the results also show that content displaying issues (e.g., small display screen, text unable to enlarge) are barriers for most subjects in using these m-learning services.

      PubDate: 2017-04-09T10:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.03.004
  • Academic Libraries and Copyright: Unveiling Inadequacies of Current Law
           Through the Analysis of Processes Included in Quality Management Systems
    • Authors: Juan-Carlos Fernández-Molina; Margarita Pérez-Pulido; José-Luis Herrera-Morillas
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Juan-Carlos Fernández-Molina, Margarita Pérez-Pulido, José-Luis Herrera-Morillas
      Most information resources that make up university library collections are copyrighted works, which means that conflicts between such rights and the activities of libraries are common. The development of the digital setting has affected both sectors. On the one hand, it has led to changes in copyright legislation; on the other, it has affected the services provided by libraries, as they adapt to the new needs of users and to the characteristics of digital information. This paper aims to discover where the main points of collision between the two sides lie, and to what extent they are adequately resolved by the present legislation governing copyright. To this end we use a list of the main processes of academic libraries taken from quality manuals of a sample of Spanish university libraries. The results make manifest that the evolution of both sides is not yet balanced, and important maladjustments interfere with an adequate provision of services in academic libraries. Some are resolved through new legal proposals, but for many others there is no proper solution in sight.

      PubDate: 2017-04-09T10:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.03.006
  • Influential Players in Twitter Networks of Libraries at Primarily
           Undergraduate Institutions
    • Authors: Jewelry Yep; Madison Brown; Gina Fagliarone; Jason Shulman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 April 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jewelry Yep, Madison Brown, Gina Fagliarone, Jason Shulman
      This study presents an analysis of Twitter networks from academic libraries housed in medium-sized, primarily undergraduate universities. Previous investigations on this topic have used networks of followers, i.e. attention, to show that accounts associated with a library's home institution are the prime influencers in library Twitter networks. That is, they are in key positions to disseminate library-related information. The library itself was found to be positioned to contribute to the institution-wide conversation as well. Networks of followers, however, are susceptible to unwanted influence from inactive users. The present study utilizes networks constructed from tweeting behavior to identify influencers. These networks are, thus, insensitive to inactive followers. The results are compared to those of the previously published follower networks. The behavior networks are significantly smaller and contain far fewer interactions than the follower networks; however, institutional accounts are found to be the principal influencers in these networks as well. Additionally, the social network analysis allows for the quantification of relationship strengths. The closest relationships are between library/institutional and library/student accounts. The former demonstrates that the libraries are active participants in the university-wide exchanges on Twitter and the institutional accounts often include the libraries in their messages.

      PubDate: 2017-04-09T10:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.03.005
  • User Perception and Use of the Academic Library: A Correlation Analysis
    • Authors: Jong-Ae Kim
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jong-Ae Kim
      This study explores user perception, the use of an academic library, and the correlation between user perception and library use. The findings indicate that the academic library is a preferred place to study and spend time during non-class times on campus. The frequent user activities in the library included individual study, reading, computer use, finding information, group study, using reference and information services, and meeting and socializing. The correlation between library use and each of the user activities was examined. The findings suggest that users perceive the academic library primarily as a place for learning and information seeking. The study shows how users perceive and use the academic library, and provides insights into how libraries can strengthen their place and advance their role in the academic community.

      PubDate: 2017-03-25T01:46:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.03.002
  • Boundary Objects/Boundary Staff: Supporting Digital Scholarship in
           Academic Libraries
    • Authors: Robert D. Montoya
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Robert D. Montoya
      In response to the increased construction of digital scholarship infrastructure in academic libraries this article articulates a new staffing model for the management of digital platforms in the academic library environment. Based on two cases, this article discusses the increased use of digital infrastructure in pedagogy by Library Special Collections at UCLA, and the workflow pressures these infrastructures created that challenge traditional staff roles. Digital infrastructures are then framed as types of boundary object, catering to multiple communities of practice. In order to tend to these boundary infrastructures, a new staffing model has been introduced—that of the boundary staff—whose primary purpose would be to support these hybrid infrastructures and more effectively integrate them into the general library environment. This approach to digital project collaboration can set the stage for more flexible and innovative digital instruction, building on the current skillsets of library staff to facilitate new modes of faculty and librarian partnerships.

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.03.001
  • Examining Undergraduate Students' Priorities for Academic Library Services
           and Social Media Communication
    • Authors: Besiki Stvilia; Leila Gibradze
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Besiki Stvilia, Leila Gibradze
      Academic libraries can effectively plan and market their services by identifying the value users perceive in their services and in their social media communications about those services. This study reports on findings of a survey of 104 undergraduate students in information technology courses at a large research university. Results of an ordered logistic regression analysis indicated that students considered access to information and computer resources and study support services as the most important library services offered. Likewise, students perceived library social media postings related to operations updates, study support services, and events as the most useful. Future related research will investigate the needs and priorities for library services of other key user populations of academic libraries, such as graduate students and online students, to assemble service repertoires that are tailored to individual user groups. In addition, future research will examine whether and how libraries can use the analysis of users' engagement with a library's social media postings to inexpensively gauge the value they perceive in library services.

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.013
  • Student Perceptions of a Required Information Literacy Course on Their
           Success in Research & Writing Intensive Criminal Justice Courses
    • Authors: Lyda Fontes McCartin; Brian Iannacchione; Mary K. Evans
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Lyda Fontes McCartin, Brian Iannacchione, Mary K. Evans
      Scholars in Criminal Justice have argued that students should have a stand-alone course that focuses on fostering library literacy skills for Criminal Justice students in order to improve their writing, research, and presentation skills. In 2011, a required information literacy course was implemented in one Criminal Justice program to meet this need. Building on the existing literature, the current study is the first to explore student perceptions of a required information literacy course. The results offer valuable information on how to strengthen the course moving forward and can provide useful suggestions to other Criminal Justice programs thinking about instituting a library literacy course in their curriculum.

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.01.013
  • Career transitions for librarians: Proven strategies for moving to another
           type of library, Davis Erin Anderson, Raymond Pun (Eds.). Rowan &
           Littlefield, Lanham, MD (2016), ISBN: 978-1-4422-6372-7
    • Authors: Alexandra Simons
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Alexandra Simons

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Teaching plagiarism prevention to college students: An ethics based
           approach, C. Strittmatter, V.K. Bratton. Rowman and Littlefield
           Publishing, Lanham, Maryland (2016), ISBN: 978-1-4422-6441-0
    • Authors: Steve McKinzie
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Steve McKinzie

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Digital rights management: The librarian's guide, Catherine A. Lemmer,
           Carla P. Wale (Eds.). Rowman & Littlefield, New York (2016), ISBN:
    • Authors: Margot Note
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Margot Note

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Marketing and outreach for the academic library: New approaches and
           initiatives, Bradford Lee Eden (Ed.). Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD
           (2016), ISBN: 978-1-4422-6254-6
    • Authors: Amy Wainwright
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Amy Wainwright

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Databrarianship: The academic data librarian in theory and practice, Lynda
           Kellam, Kristi Thompson (Eds.). Association of College and Research
           Libraries, Chicago (2016), ISBN: 978-0-8389-8799-5
    • Authors: Adam Townes
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Adam Townes

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Library service design: A LITA guide to holistic assessment, insight and
           improvement, Joe J. Marquez, Annie Downey. Rowman & Littlefield,
           Lanham, MD (2016), ISBN: 978-1-4422-6384-0
    • Authors: Lee Andrew; Hilyer
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 2
      Author(s): Lee Andrew Hilyer

      PubDate: 2017-03-11T12:09:46Z
  • Where Students Start and What They Do When They Get Stuck: A Qualitative
           Inquiry into Academic Information-Seeking and Help-Seeking Practices
    • Authors: Susan Thomas; Eamon Tewell; Gloria Willson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Susan Thomas, Eamon Tewell, Gloria Willson
      This study investigates two questions key to academic library resources and services: Which sources are students most likely to use to begin their academic work? Whom do students tend to consult for research assistance? In-depth interviews conducted with 15 undergraduate and graduate students were thematically analyzed through a three-step process. The findings indicate that students are most likely to consult faculty and peers for assistance and are largely unaware of librarians' roles, while they tend to begin research using library databases and do not necessarily start with Google. In addition, student use of small study groups as learning networks and reliance upon alternate sites to conduct research emerged as unanticipated themes.

      PubDate: 2017-03-06T03:01:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.016
  • Professional Development: A Qualitative Study of High Impact
           Characteristics Affecting Meaningful and Transformational Learning
    • Authors: Ramirose Ilene Attebury
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Ramirose Ilene Attebury
      Changes in the academic library landscape necessitate continual professional development for librarians. The library literature offers a plethora of advice about how to keep skills and knowledge up-to-date in this rapidly changing environment. Yet few large-scale studies have sought to understand the experiences of academic librarians as they seek out and participate in professional development that they consider to be meaningful or transformational to their careers. This study uses a hermeneutic phenomenological approach to understand these types of experiences. In the study, ten participants discuss professional development activities that they believe have had a meaningful or transformational impact on themselves and their careers. Their experiences are analyzed for common themes that may help others interested in professional development understand which characteristics of it may foster meaningful or transformational learning. The themes discussed that emerged most strongly from interviews with the participants include interaction, duration, reflection, discomfort, and self-awareness. Implications of and recommendations related to these themes are then explored.

      PubDate: 2017-03-06T03:01:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.015
  • Social Media Use in Academic Libraries: A Phenomenological Study
    • Authors: Amanda Harrison; Rene Burress; Sarah Velasquez; Lynnette Schreiner
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Amanda Harrison, Rene Burress, Sarah Velasquez, Lynnette Schreiner
      Academic libraries are increasingly engaged on social media in order to connect with diverse community groups and move beyond the traditional bounds of the library. This research uses a phenomenological approach and Institutional Theory to explore social media postings at six different public and private university libraries in two Midwest states. The research addresses what themes emerge among the university library's social media pages and what, if any, differences in themes emerge based on the status of the library in question. Social media postings included ten different codes: archives; collections; events; exhibits; facility; library community; sentiments; services; site management; and university community. These codes were tied to three different themes: libraries create a sense of outreach and advocacy with the goal of establishing community connection, providing an inviting environment, and access to content as needed or desired. Ultimately, while libraries at universities with an ARL library or an MLS granting degree program showed a similar breakdown between these three themes, libraries at other master's degree institutions spent less time on making community connections in lieu of posting content and information about the library's environment.

      PubDate: 2017-02-27T09:46:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.014
  • The Use of Visual Tools in the Academic Research Process: A Literature
    • Authors: Crystal Renfro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Crystal Renfro
      An academic librarian, especially one who works primarily in a research consultation capacity, often encounters individuals who are seeking in-depth help with research projects that they struggle to explain. The number of concepts, interdependencies and assumptions involved in research projects today can make them difficult to define and discuss with other people. The multidisciplinary nature and globalization of many areas of research is forcing researchers to not only discuss, but to collaborate with many others from different academic backgrounds and disparate physical locations. Many researchers struggle with project paralysis at various points along the way as they attempt to manage both the myriad of details and the bigger picture relationships and implications of their project. A number of visual tools including concept mappers and mind mappers are well suited to help advanced students, faculty, researchers and librarians to organize the ideas and knowledge throughout the various stages of complex research, from envisioning an idea to the early stages of actively researching and documenting research findings. This paper will discuss the potential uses of visual mapping tools and review the current state of academic literature surrounding the topics of mind mapping and concept mapping.

      PubDate: 2017-02-27T09:46:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.004
  • Interpreting Fair Use for Academic Librarians: Thinking Beyond the Scope
           of the Circular 21 Guidelines
    • Authors: Sara R. Benson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Sara R. Benson

      PubDate: 2017-02-20T15:35:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.001
  • Students' perceptions of their information literacy skills: the confidence
           gap between male and female international graduate students
    • Authors: Russell Michalak; Monica D.T. Rysavy; Alison Wessel
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Russell Michalak, Monica D.T. Rysavy, Alison Wessel
      In the 2015 Summer Session I, the information literacy team combined two instruments, the Information Literacy Assessment (ILA) and the Students' Perceptions of Their Information Literacy Skills Questionnaire (SPIL-Q), into one survey and distributed it to the college's international graduate students through a Google Form. It was distributed to 932 international graduate students, and 172 valid respondents completed the survey. The purpose of this research was to compare the confidence gap in information literacy skills between men and women, particularly in international graduate students. Data collected illustrated that female international business students (n =70) tended to be slightly more confident than their male counterparts (n =102) regarding their perceived information literacy skills as evidenced by their SPIL-Q average score across all six IL topics, 3.78, vs. male student's average score of 3.58.

      PubDate: 2017-02-20T15:35:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.02.003
  • Personal Relationships and Professional Results: The Positive Impact of
           Transformational Leaders on Academic Librarians
    • Authors: Jason Martin
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jason Martin
      Transformational leaders use the “Four Is” - individualized consideration, idealized influence, inspirational motivation, and intellectual stimulation - to excite, challenge, and build deep relationships in an organization. This study investigated the benefits of transformational leaders, and how they impact the lives of academic librarians. Interviews with three academic librarians who worked with transformational leaders revealed the interviewees valued the mentoring, visioning, and generosity those leaders provided. The overarching theme of three participants' stories was the personal relationships these transformational leaders were able to build and the lasting impact those relationships had on the participants' careers.

      PubDate: 2017-02-13T21:15:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.01.012
  • Graphic Novels: Collecting, Cataloging and Outreach in an Academic Library
    • Authors: Aimee Slater; Ann Kardos
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Aimee Slater, Ann Kardos

      PubDate: 2017-02-01T17:23:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.01.011
  • Editorial Board Continued
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 43, Issue 1

      PubDate: 2017-02-01T17:23:04Z
  • Leveraging Librarian Liaison Expertise in a New Consultancy Role
    • Authors: Mark A. Eddy; Daniela Solomon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 January 2017
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Mark A. Eddy, Daniela Solomon
      This paper presents a case study of an advisory role that librarians successfully developed with faculty editors to increase the visibility and readership of an open access scholarly publication. The study represents an example of how expertise among liaison librarians and other library service professionals can be leveraged in new consultancy roles in support of evolving library service models. It also depicts local application of a hybrid model for librarianship that combines the functional specialist and subject librarian liaison roles in implementing advisory activities and recommendations. The liaison librarians successfully used their knowledge of scholarly communications and applied innovative bibliometric analysis to help enhance the discoverability and user experience of an online journal publication. The librarians made specific recommendations for optimizing journal website content organization, search functionality, metadata standards and marketing opportunities that were subsequently implemented by the editors and platform managers. The faculty editor places a high value on these recommendations, and the librarian advisory role continues to develop. Our study also outlines many of the essential considerations that scholar-editors and librarian advisors can use to help implement open access scholarly publishing projects successfully.

      PubDate: 2017-01-19T08:39:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2017.01.001
  • Will Web Search Engines Replace Bibliographic Databases in the Systematic
           Identification of Research?
    • Authors: Jessica Bates; Paul Best; Janice McQuilkin; Brian Taylor
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jessica Bates, Paul Best, Janice McQuilkin, Brian Taylor
      The availability of web search engines offers opportunities in addition to those provided by bibliographic databases for identifying academic literature, but their usefulness for retrieving research is uncertain. A rigorous literature search was undertaken to investigate whether web search engines might replace bibliographic databases, using empirical research in health and social care as a case study. Eight databases and five web search engines were searched between 20 July and 6 August 2015. Sixteen unique studies which compared at least one database with at least one web search engine were examined, as well as drawing lessons from the authors’ own search process. Web search engines were limited in that the searcher cannot be certain that the principles of Boolean logic apply and they were more limited than bibliographic databases in their functions, such as exporting abstracts. Recommendations are made for improving the rigour and quality of reporting studies of academic literature searching.

      PubDate: 2017-01-01T05:31:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.11.003
  • The Advantages of Practice, or We Work in Libraries: That's Why Our
           Research Is Most Likely to Be Relevant
    • Authors: Kristine R. Brancolini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Kristine R. Brancolini

      PubDate: 2016-12-25T07:58:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.12.001
  • Learning at the Reference Desk: A Pilot Project to Align Reference
           Transactions with University Learning Outcomes
    • Authors: Rick Stoddart; Beth Hendrix
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Rick Stoddart, Beth Hendrix

      PubDate: 2016-12-25T07:58:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.11.004
  • Known-item Searches Resulting in Zero Hits: Considerations for Discovery
    • Authors: Christiane Behnert; Dirk Lewandowski
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Christiane Behnert, Dirk Lewandowski
      The goal of this article is to understand the reasons why known-item search queries entered in a discovery system return zero hits. We analyze a sample of 708 known-item queries and classify them into four categories of zero hits with regard to whether the item is held by the library and whether the query is formulated correctly: (1) item in stock, but query incorrect, (2) item not in stock, (3) item in stock, but incomplete or erroneous metadata, (4) query is ambiguous or not understandable. The main reasons for zero hits are caused by acquisition and erroneous search queries. We discuss possible solutions for known-item queries resulting in zero hits from the side of the system and show that 30% of zero hits could easily be avoided by applying automatic spelling correction. We argue that libraries can improve their discovery systems or online catalogs by applying strategies to avoid or cope with zero hits inspired by web search engines and commercial search web sites.

      PubDate: 2016-12-16T11:55:29Z
  • Information Literacy Instruction in an English Capstone Course: A Study of
           Student Confidence, Perception, and Practice
    • Authors: Susanne F Paterson; Carolyn White Gamtso
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Susanne F Paterson, Carolyn White Gamtso
      An English professor and an instruction librarian at the University of New Hampshire at Manchester felt that the college's new English Capstone course for majors provided a unique opportunity to assess the information literacy skill levels of graduating English majors. They therefore engaged in a three-year study to evaluate the IL competency of these students, to gauge their perceptions of library instruction provided during the Capstone course and throughout their academic careers, and to determine students' confidence and self-efficacy with respect to these skills. The researchers sought to determine the ways in which the IL program for English majors effectively met established IL goals and to identify areas for improvement.

      PubDate: 2016-12-16T11:55:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.11.005
  • Knowledge Management Perceptions in Academic Libraries
    • Authors: Maria Koloniari; Kostas Fassoulis
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 December 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Maria Koloniari, Kostas Fassoulis
      Despite the increasing interest taken in knowledge management (KM) by a wide range of practitioners as well as the library and information science (LIS) community, knowledge management is not systematically applied in libraries. Due to the complexity of knowledge, as well as the multifaceted nature of knowledge management, there is no consensus among LIS professionals regarding its relation to information management. In this context, the current study aims at exploring how library employees perceive knowledge management, as well as which KM tools and techniques are adopted by academic libraries. The results indicate that although practitioners are aware of knowledge management and appreciative of its benefits not only for library performance but also for LIS professionals' future career options, there is a lack of clarity on fundamental KM issues. Finally, academic libraries take steps towards capturing the knowledge of their users and internal explicit knowledge; however, social practices such as communities of practice, which facilitate tacit knowledge and expertise sharing, are not adopted.

      PubDate: 2016-12-09T23:54:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.11.006
  • Educating Data Management Professionals: A Content Analysis of Job
    • Authors: Hsin-liang Chen; Yin Zhang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 November 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Hsin-liang Chen, Yin Zhang
      The purpose of this study is to assess the current state of required and desirable qualifications and knowledge described in the job advertisements of data management professionals and related positions. Seventy unique job advertisements were collected from five academic and professional online job lists from January 1, 2015 to April 30, 2015. WordStat, a content-analysis software program, was used to analyze the word/phrase frequency of the job descriptions based on three key factors: the requirement of an MIS/MLS/MLIS degree; prior work experience (the number of years), and the status of job position (limited or permanent appointment). The preliminary results indicate that most job positions require that the successful job candidate must be able to serve faculty and students to collect, manage, and analyze research data with essential qualifications to carry out those tasks. The top phrases regarding expertise, working environments, and qualifications are social sciences, information science, higher education, research library, institutional repositories, and metadata.

      PubDate: 2016-12-03T09:09:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.11.002
  • Breaking It Down: A Brief Exploration of Institutional Repository
           Submission Agreements
    • Authors: Amanda Rinehart; Jim Cunningham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 October 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Amanda Rinehart, Jim Cunningham
      Institutional repositories typically have a submission agreement that is meant to protect the institution hosting the repository and inform submitters of their rights and responsibilities. This article examines how various libraries have created submission agreements, enquires as to issues surrounding them, and identifies commonalities and unique statements. The authors deployed a survey to institutional repository administrators listed in OpenDOAR in the United States. Approximately 7% of the 304 potential institutional repository managers responded. Library administrators, institutional repositories managers/architects, and legal counsel were the most likely to have input into the creation of the submission agreement; scholarly communications librarians were involved only 20% of the time. Although submission agreements averaged 282 words arranged in 9 sentences, their reading complexity requires a university degree. Commonalities include characterizing the agreement as a non-exclusive license, indicating the submitter's responsibility for obtaining permissions for any content that they did not produce, and confirming the right of the submitter to enter into the agreement. Submission agreements are generally complex and do not accommodate the common practice of mediated submission. Sharing submission agreements publicly may lead to simplified and standardized language and reduce barriers to submitters.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:45:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.10.002
  • Continuing Education (CE) of LIS Professionals: Need Analysis &
           Role of LIS Schools
    • Authors: Muhammad Rafiq; Munazza Jabeen; Muhammad Arif
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Muhammad Rafiq, Munazza Jabeen, Muhammad Arif
      Information explosion, development and applications of ICTs, changing dynamics of information users, and evolving trends in library and information services have promoted the discussion of continuing education (CE) in Library and Information Science (LIS) domain. ICTs are increasingly changing the landscape of libraries and challenging the traditional prevailing roles of LIS professionals. LIS professionals find it hard to remain in context in this technological era. They require the new set of skills and knowledge to address the challenges and issues of their professional life. The purpose of this study was to explore the opinions of LIS professionals to make an assessment about CE needs and the role of library schools to address these needs. The study opted sequential mixed methods of research. In first phase, an online survey was conducted to meet the objectives of the study. Data was collected by using a structured questionnaire. A total of 144 responses (70% male and 30% female) were received. In 2nd phase, a focus group was conducted to collect the qualitative data. The meta inferences were drawn on the basis of inferences of both QUAN and QUAL strands. The findings of the study revealed that respondents perceive a very active and instrumental role of LIS schools in their continuing education. Workshops, post-master certificate, and post-graduate diplomas were preferred formats of continuing education programs. The respondents preferred week long and 1–6months long CE programs. In terms of the timings, weekends programs were most preferred. The respondents recommended that course instructor should be based on the contents of the course and a blend of teaching faculty and practitioners may be productive. The study also identified core areas of CE offerings. The findings of the study are helpful for LIS schools, professionals, trainers, funding bodies and policy makers. The study has the potential to bridge the gap by providing insight about the CE needs and recommend the concrete suggestions to act upon.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:45:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.10.004
  • Assessing a Patron-Driven, Library-Funded Data Purchase Program
    • Authors: Beth Sheehan; Karen Hogenboom
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Beth Sheehan, Karen Hogenboom
      The University Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign established the Data Purchase Program in 2010 to provide a source of funding for the purchase of datasets which are requested by students and faculty, and make this data available to the campus at large for future use. In this study, the authors interviewed past applicants who submitted proposals to this program to collect their feedback and perspectives on the strengths of this program and the impact that it had on their research, as well as to determine any aspects of the program's design or implementation that need improvements. Interviews revealed that the ease of application and lack of other options for obtaining data made the program appealing, especially to graduate students, but that study participants wished for a more robust program in terms of marketing the specific data purchased by the library and help with data in general. Also, the purchased data had a wide range of impacts on the participants' research.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:45:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.10.001
  • Open Pathways to Student Success: Academic Library Partnerships for Open
           Educational Resource and Affordable Course Content Creation and Adoption
    • Authors: Joseph A. Salem
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 October 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Joseph A. Salem
      This paper explores the current state of open educational resources (OER) including notable library-lead and multi-institutional programs. The potential for OER and affordable course material creation and adoption programs to impact student retention and persistence is examined. Potential additional partnerships and future directions for library-lead programs are discussed as well as the framework necessary for assessing the impact of library-lead OER initiatives.

      PubDate: 2016-10-28T21:45:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.acalib.2016.10.003
  • Comparison of the Accuracy of Bibliographical References Generated for
           Medical Citation Styles by EndNote, Mendeley, RefWorks and Zotero
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 September 2016
      Source:The Journal of Academic Librarianship
      Author(s): Jiří Kratochvíl
      Bibliographical references to online and printed articles, books, contributions to edited books and web resources generated by EndNote, Mendeley, RefWorks and Zotero were compared with manually written references according to the citation instructions in 15 biomedical journals and the NLM citation style. The fewest mistakes were detected in references generated by Zotero for 11 journals and the NLM style, while the second fewest number of mistakes was found in Mendeley. The largest number of mistakes for 9 journals was found in references generated by EndNote and in the other 4 journals the largest number of mistakes was detected in RefWorks references. With regard to the individual types of resources, the lowest number of mistakes was shown by Zotero, while RefWorks had the greatest number of mistakes. All programs had problems especially with generating the URL and the date of access in the reference to online documents. It was also found that several mistakes were caused by technical limitations of the reference managers, while other mistakes originated due to incorrect setting of the citation styles. A comparison showed that Zotero and Mendeley are the most suitable managers.

      PubDate: 2016-09-19T18:51:49Z
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