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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.799]   [H-I: 23]   [794 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Investigating and implementing an extensible, adaptable game plan for
           digital initiatives at a large state university
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose In this paper, the process of assessing the needs of a digital repository will be explored. The study’s institution – Kent State University, a large state university – is currently re-envisioning their digital library services to accommodate emerging technologies with an agile framework and platform. This paper includes discussion on the process of creating a sustainable digital initiatives program, a plan of action for migration, platform decision rationale, and an overview of planning for future projects that is both flexible and extensible in nature Design/methodology/approach The article's approach is to examine the process of review and selection of the digital repository at Kent State University through the needs and requirements checklist the team devised according to the institution's specifications. Literature published in the last five years is reviewed and applied to the selection process. The author maps out a plan that can be adaptable for growth and sustainability for a content management system. Findings Using models identified in the article, the team mapped a solution that can enhance the use and interaction by patrons to digital collections as well as provide a method to ensure the longevity of digital assets. Originality/value The article addresses issues that are inherent to digital content management systems of all shapes and sizes, and strives to provide a solution that would be relevant and applicable to many types of institutions in regard to digital repositories.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:53:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2015-0034
  • Understanding users' continuance intention to use online library resources
           based on an extended expectation-confirmation model
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to investigate the factors affecting students' continuance intention to use online library resources in the context of academic libraries. Based on an extended expectation confirmation theory, we examined the effects of usefulness, confirmation, and resource quality on continuance intention to use online library resources. Design/methodology/approach To empirically test the model, we conducted a survey study. Data were collected from 606 student library users at a large state university in the United States. The collected data were analyzed quantitatively to answer seven hypotheses using partial least squares (PLS) method. Findings The findings revealed that both usefulness and confirmation had a positive direct and indirect influence on continuance intention. Also, the effect of resource quality on continuance intention was found to be significant. Satisfaction had a mediating effect on the relationship between usefulness, confirmation and resource quality, and continuance intention. Originality/value This study is one of the first attempts that adopted the expectation-confirmation theory to understand students' continuance intention to use online library resources. In addition, we investigated the effect of the multiple dimensions of resource quality – accessibility, credibility, coverage, and format – on users’ continuance intention to use online library resources.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:52:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2015-0033
  • Preference of Bangladesh university students for searching the library
           catalogue: OPAC or discovery tool?
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose The aim of this paper was to compare university students’ preferences for searching the library catalog via the library’s Koha OPAC or its discovery tool VuFind. Design/methodology/approach A total of 175 students responded to a questionnaire-based survey through which their demographic data, duration (years) of computer use and their self-reported levels of computer skills were obtained. Students were asked what interfaces they use for catalogue searching and to rate their opinion on the relevant interfaces on a 7-point Likert scale. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were conducted to statistically compare the differences between students’ demographic/individual characteristics and their ratings on the respective interfaces. For those students who used both systems, differences between their Likert ratings were assessed using a one-tailed Wilcoxon signed rank test. Findings The results showed that there were no significant differences among students in terms of their ratings on either the OPAC or VuFind interfaces. Wilcoxon signed ranks test indicated that significantly more students thought that VuFind was more usable than the Koha OPAC. Originality/value This is a pioneering study of the current use of the OPAC and discovery tools by university students and their preferences for searching catalogue information through these systems. It is hoped that the findings of this study will encourage researchers to conduct task-based usability studies with various cataloging tools which could yield new and improved interaction designs for library catalogue searching.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:51:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0139
  • Usability and evaluation of a library mobile web site
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the use of a library mobile website in a university library. This paper aims to present the approach adopted to investigate users’ reactions to the new mobile platform. A usability test was also conducted to examine its effectiveness Design/methodology/approach Mobile websites for academic libraries were first reviewed prior to identifying the functions and elements to be included. To assess the intended design purpose, the usability of the design was examined through comparison of the mobile website and the full PC website used by 50 students to accomplish a set of search tasks. A questionnaire survey was used to assess 336 students’ responses regarding various criteria including learnability, control, presentation, and efficiency. Findings The usability test conducted before the mobile web was formally released indicated that the students using it finished more search tasks (p < 0.001), and were more efficient in completing search tasks than they were using the PC website (p < 0.001). Data from 336 questionnaire responses also indicated the students’ positive reactions to the developed mobile system in four defined facets (Mean >= 4.0). Research limitations/implications The difficulty of recruiting volunteers and the small number of subjects who participated were also major limitations experienced in our study. Replications or use of different measurements might be needed in future research to confirm the result. Practical implications In this study, a library mobile website was developed, tested, and evaluated by users. Currently, the library mobile website is being implemented in the university. On-going revisions will continue to improve its effectiveness and efficiency for information retrieval. Originality/value Summative evaluation of the mobile system revealed the students’ positive reactions to a set of predetermined criteria in various dimensions, including: learnability, control, presentation, and efficiency.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:51:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0119
  • Usability evaluation with tasks characterized by the information search
           process: the China National Knowledge Infrastructure
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to present an approach to evaluating the usability of digital libraries in terms of knowledge states within the information search process (ISP) by investigating the connections among components with which users interact, perceived usability and task stages. The China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the most popular digital library in China, was chosen to be studied. Design/methodology/approach With the research framework, measurements were generated for perceived usability in task stages for efficiency, effectiveness and satisfaction. Two usability experiments and usability tests were administered to 22 subjects in two groups. Three information retrieval tasks were designed according to the characteristics of knowledge states within the ISP for each experiment. The transaction logs were captured and the experimental results were recorded. Users completed a pre-search questionnaire and post-search questionnaire, and interviews were conducted. Findings The study showed that both interactions on components of the digital library and usability scores differed with sequential tasks characterized by knowledge states within the ISP; new usability problems relating to the CNKI were found based on empirical results. Originality/value Many studies on the usability evaluation of digital libraries focused on the outcome rather than on the ISP. This study proposed an effective approach to usability evaluation based on users’ knowledge states within the ISP.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:51:22Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-05-2015-0074
  • Academic use of smartphones by university students: a developing country
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose This paper investigates the use of smart phones for academic purposes by students at Dhaka University, the top-ranked university in Bangladesh. Design/methodology/approach Students currently using smartphones answered a questionnaire survey, which focused on whether or not students used smartphones for academic works and, if so, what purposes they used them and their opinion on advantages of using smartphones for academic purposes. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze demographic and academic characteristics of the students in relation to their smartphone usage. Nonparametric analyses were performed using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests to compare between students’ demographic and academic variables and their opinion on advantages of academic use of smartphones. Findings The findings indicate that a vast majority of university students used smart phones for academic purposes. They, on average and across the board, had a positive perception towards academic use of smart phones. Although there were some differences in terms of gender, age, place of origin and duration of smart phone use; these differences are largely due to fact that smart phone is a relatively new addition to the life of most students participated in this study. Originality/value Research investigating the academic use of smartphones in the perspective of developing countries is virtually non-existent. This is the first time an effort has been made to examine the use of smartphones by a large sample of university students in Bangladesh.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:51:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0112
  • Comparative analysis of book tags: a cross-lingual perspective
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose In the era of social media, users all over the world annotate books with social tags to express their preferences and interests. The purpose of this investigation is to explore different tagging behaviours by analyzing the book tags in different languages. Design/methodology/approach This investigation collected nearly 56,000 tags of 1,200 books from one Chinese and two English online bookmarking systems; it combined content analysis and machine processing methods to evaluate the similarities and differences between different tagging systems from a cross-lingual perspective. Jaccard's coefficient was adopted to evaluate the similarity level. Findings The results show that: 1) the similarity between mono-lingual tags of the same books is higher than that of cross-lingual tags in different systems; 2) the similarity between tags of books written for specialties is higher than that of books written for the general public. Research limitations/implications Those who have more in common annotate books with more similar tags. The similarity between users in tagging systems determines the similarity of the tag sets. Practical implications The results and conclusion of this study will benefit users' cross-lingual information retrieval and cross-lingual book recommendation for online bookmarking systems. Originality/value This study may be one of the first to compare cross-lingual tags. Its methodology can be applied to tag comparison between any two languages. The insights of this study will help develop cross-lingual tagging systems and improve information retrieval.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:50:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0042
  • Improving relations between users and libraries: a survey of Chinese
           academic libraries
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of library services according to user experiences. The study discusses underlying internal problems existing in libraries that affect user satisfaction. Furthermore, it seeks to identify ways to improve the user experience. Design/methodology/approach The methodology comprised a questionnaire administered at Nanjing University Library, in China. The survey examined users’ satisfaction with the online public access catalog (OPAC), locating books on the shelves, and users’ participation in the organization of library resources. This study employed the Annual Reading Quantity of Users system, a new system of measurement that distinguishes between informal and avid library users. Findings The data analysis indicated poor user satisfaction. The problems were mainly associated with the libraries’ resource organization,such as descriptive cataloguing, subject headings and classification, which is controlled by library administration. Moreover, users’ feedback is not integrated within the library system. Due to the process-oriented architecture of the current integrated library system (ILS), librarians and users do not communicate effectively. These barriers between users and the library staff members are difficult to overcome. Originality/value The study describes that the results relate to user-satisfaction with searching and locating books based on the patron’s reading level. Differences were observed between light and avid readers in terms of satisfaction with the ease of searching and finding books. This demonstrates the internal connections of these results with library procedures. Furthermore, this study identifies improvement measures to resolve these problems.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:50:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0041
  • Research on user needs for mobile information services in Chinese
           university libraries: comparison between existing users and potential
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to investigate the service demand of existing users and potential users for mobile information services provided by university libraries in China. The primary objective is to explore the impact of user experience on user needs, which is conducted by a comparison between two user groups over their needs from three aspects --service function, service mode and information content. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 353 library users from ten Chinese universities via questionnaires. Based on the user needs model, three dimensions of user needs were established for mobile information services and 26 measurement items were generated through a review of the literature. Furthermore, based on frequency analysis, independent samples t-test, and the calculation of need rate, the demand differences in mobile information services between existing and potential users were explored. Findings Significant differences existed in the needs for service functions and service modes of mobile information services between existing users and potential users. Existing users cared more about such characteristics as intelligence, personalization, and the variety of mobile services; Potential users, by contrast, concerned themselves more with the usability of mobile services and similarity to traditional information services. These two user groups showed little difference in the needs for information content as they both have strict requirements for specialty, richness in and quality of information resources in mobile network environments. Originality/value Previous research on user needs for mobile libraries services has been primarily conducted from the perspectives of existing users. This study, however, compared the needs of existing and potential users based on their previous experiences, which can help libraries to know better what their users need and improve the quality of mobile information services to meet those needs. This can also make existing users more willing to use the services and cultivate the usage habits of potential users at the same time.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:50:05Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2014-0222
  • Factors influencing the intention to use information service mashups: an
           empirical study of digital libraries in China
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2016.
      Purpose This study intends to examine the factors influencing the adoption intention of information service mashup in digital library (DL). The study is an empirical study on DLs in China. Design/methodology/approach This paper employs the theory of information service mashup as its theoretical background and applies it to the field of DL to develop the measurement model which is based on TAM. A structured questionnaire was developed including the demographic information, the advantages of information service mashup in DL, and the Likert evaluation of each construct. As a result, out of 303 questionnaires distributed among DL users, 281 were remained as acceptable answers. The data were processed and analyzed with the aid of the SPSS 20.0 and SmartPLS 2.0. Findings The results show that beyond perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use, both perceived integration and perceived risk have direct impacts on user’s intention to adopt information service mashup in DL. Perceived integration has the dramatic positive effects, while perceived risk negatively correlates to adoption intention. Moreover, perceived integration and individualization have positive impacts on perceived ease of use, while network externality positively influences perceived usefulness. Originality/value Information service mashup is still a relatively new technology in DL. There were few theoretical and empirical studies that examine the user adoption behavior of the service. This study contributes to existing information service mashup application studies by modifying and extending TAM. The results would help the digital library gain a deeper understanding of the factors affecting DL user adoption of information service mashup.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T05:49:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-05-2015-0082
  • Intellectual structure of trust in business and management: a co-citation
    • First page: 358
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose In the past few decades, there has been a lot of literature about trust research for business and management. However, few authors have applied co-citation analysis. Design/methodology/approach Trust is one of the most discussed issues in management as it has proved to have an essential role in business operations. In this study, all citation documents are included in Thomson Reuters ISI Web of Knowledge database from 1992 to 2010. Findings By using statistics analysis including factor analysis, cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling, researchers identified four domains, including (1) organizational behaviour (2) strategic alliance (3) marketing and (4) social capital. Directions for future research are discussed. Originality/value This study is the first to apply co-citation techniques in the fields of trust. Therefore, the major contribution of this study is to provide an intellectual structure and trends within the field of trust from an objective and quantitative perspective.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2014-0121
  • Use of smartphone apps among library and information science students at
           South Valley University, Egypt
    • First page: 371
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose The main purpose of this study is to investigate the use patterns and ownership of smartphone apps among students at the Library and Information Science (DLIS) at the South Valley University (SVU), Egypt. This research may help faculty members and students, as well at DLISs in general and SVU’s DLIS, in particular, to understand the nature and purpose of such use. Design/methodology/approach This study employed quantitative research methodology in the form of a survey, which was undertaken from February to March 2015. The survey instrument was a self-administrated questionnaire, with a response rate 82.7% (441/533). Findings Findings showed that smartphone users (82.7%) at SVU’s DLIS tended to be junior females. Smartphone non-users (17.3%) tended to be also young females but primarily sophomores. The highest percentage of smartphone users had been using smartphones for four years to five years and the largest number of students was described to be advanced users who heard first about these mobile devices through friends and the web. Most users had 21 to 25 apps. Social apps were the most popular and included Facebook, E-mail, and Twitter. For professional purposes, students used smartphones more for communication purposes than learning purposes. Apps related to educational purposes included Google Mobile, Facebook, E-mail, Twitter, Youtube and Wikipedia Mobile. Students perceived most apps to be easy to use and useful to them. There were a number of uses for socializing including messaging, following the news, and playing games. Students had mainly positive attitudes towards apps with a few negative concerns. Almost all students confirmed that they trust most apps.Barriers related to use of apps included training and lack of awareness. Further research may be needed to specify the relationship between the students’ use of these apps and their academic performance. Research limitations/implications This study focuses only on undergraduate library and information science students belonging to SVU’s DLIS, Egypt. Any findings and conclusions resulting from this study are limited in scope to only SVU’s DLIS’s undergraduate students. The study does not contain a significantly large sample of a population from across Egypt to draw meaningful widespread conclusions indicative of such a larger population. Practical implications This paper provides valuable insight into the use pattern of smartphones among a very important client group. It may serve as useful input to researchers who are interested in the study of Mobile Internet Technologies (MITs), particularly in the education society. Originality/value Being the first study of its kind about University students in Egypt, it is considered a pioneering and a unique study among studies conducted in the field of ICTs and MITs, especially with this category of information users.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0044
  • Inverse local context analysis: a method for exhaustively gathering
           documents from limited accessible data sources
    • First page: 405
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose To explore the use of inverse LCA to obtain data from limited accessible data sources. Design/methodology/approach The experimental results show that the method the authors proposed can obtain all retrieved documents from the limited accessible data source using the least number of queries. Findings Inverse LCA was shown to be most effective in terms of requiring fewer search strings and having a higher precision rate. Originality/value To the best of our knowledge, this study provides the first attempt to gather all the retrieved documents from limited accessible data source, and the efficiency and ease of implementation of the proposed solution make it feasible for practical applications. The method we proposed can also benefit the construction of web corpus.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:44Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2014-0211
  • Analytical study of open access health and medical repositories
    • First page: 419
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose The study assesses open access repositories in the field of the health and medicine (H&M) available in the Directory of the Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) by analysing their various facets like geographical distribution, language diversity, collection size, content types, operational status, interoperability, updating policy, and software used for content management. Design/methodology/approach In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) was selected as the source for identifying the Health & Medicine repositories. The required data were manually collected from April, 01 to April, 30 2014 and analysed using various quantitative techniques to reveal the findings. Findings The results revealed that the OpenDOAR lists 254 repositories in the field of the Health & Medicine (H&M) contributed by the 62 countries of the world, topped by the USA (15.4%) followed by Japan (7.9%) and the United Kingdom (7.5%) respectively. The majority of the repositories are institutional 187 (73.6%) in nature, having less than 5,000 items (161, 63.4%) in the collection and mostly consisting of articles (76.0%), theses (49.6%), unpublished documents (33.1%), and books (31.9%). The linguistic assessment shows that the majority of the Health & Medicine repositories accept contents written in English language (71.3%) followed respectively by Spanish (16.1%) and Japanese (7.5%). The updating policy of these repositories isn’t up to the mark as only 67.0 percent of the H&M repositories has been updated from 2008-2012, but still the majority are still operational (91.7%) and are compatible (67.3%) with the Open Archive Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI/PMH). About 30 software brands, both commercial and open source, have been used by administrators for creating these repositories and managing their contents. DSpace is the most popular software used by 88 (34.7%) repositories followed by EPrints (43, 16.9%) and Digital Commons (18, 7.1%). Research limitations/implications The scope of the study is limited to the Health and Medical repositories listed in OpenDOAR and hence the generalization is to be cautioned. Practical implications This study is helpful for library and information professionals serving health and medical professional across the globe. Originality/value The current study is the first attempt to analyse the health and medical repositories in open access sites.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2015-0012
  • Research on feature-based opinion mining using topic maps
    • First page: 435
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose Opinion Mining (OM), also known as “sentiment classification”, which aims to discover common patterns of user opinions from their textual statements automatically or semi-automatically, is not only useful for customers, but also for manufacturers. However, due to the complexity of natural language, there are still some problems, such as domain dependence of sentiment words, extraction of implicit features, and others. The purpose of this paper is to propose an opinion mining method based on topic maps to solve these problems. Design/methodology/approach Domain-specific knowledge is key to solve problems in feature-based opinion mining. On one hand, topic maps, as an ontology framework, are composed of topics, associations, occurrences and scopes, and can represent a class of knowledge representation schemes. On the other hand, compared with ontology, topic maps have many advantages. Thus, it is better to integrate domain-specific knowledge into opinion mining based on topic maps. This method can make full use of the semantic relationships among feature words and sentiment words. Findings In feature-level opinion mining, most of the existing research associate product features and opinions by their explicit co-occurrence, or use syntax parsing to judge the modification relationship between opinion words and product features within a review unit. They are mostly based on the structure of language units without considering domain knowledge. Only few methods based on ontology incorporate domain knowledge into feature-based opinion mining, but they only use the ‘is-a’ relation between concepts. Therefore, this paper proposes feature-based opinion mining using topic maps. The experimental results revealed that this method can improve the accuracy of the opinion mining. The findings of this study not only advance the state of opinion mining research but also shed light on future research directions. Research limitations/implications To demonstrate the “feature-based opinion mining using topic maps” applications, this work implements a prototype that helps users to find their new washing machines. Originality/value This paper presents a new method of feature-based opinion mining using topic maps, which can integrate domain-specific knowledge into feature-based opinion mining effectively. This method can improve the accuracy of the opinion mining greatly. The proposed method can be applied across various application domains, such as e-commerce, e-government and so on.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2014-0197
  • Retrieval efficiency of select search engines vis-à-vis diverse open
           courseware formats
    • First page: 457
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose The study is an attempt to gauge the visibility of open content available in different formats of select open courseware (OCW) repositories through prominent search engines. Design/methodology/approach Open content in three formats (pdf, audio, and video) from four OCW repositories listed in the OCW consortium under the science and technology subject heading were searched through seven select search engines. Findings None of the selected OCW repositories are fully visible on the selected search engines. Visibility of OCW content varied from one search engine to the other and was affected by the format in which it is available. Google is best search engine for retrieving OCW content, whereas OCWfinder — a specialized search engine for retrieving OCW — has performed dismally. Research limitations/implications The study demonstrates the need for enhancing the visibility of open content through employing search engine optimization techniques. Originality/value The study intends to supply findings that could be used by stakeholders to improve the visibility of OCW repositories. It is an attempt to draw a comparison between search engines for their ability to index different formats of OCW in the selected repositories. Findings can be used by information professionals to brush their information hunting skills.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0132
  • Risk assessment of digital library information security: a case study
    • First page: 471
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose This paper uses the GB/T20984-2007 multiplicative method to assess the information security risk of a typical digital library in compliance with the principle and thought of ISO 27000.The purpose is to testify the feasibility of this method and provide suggestions for improving information security of the digital library. Design/methodology/approach This research adopts convenience sampling to select respondents. The assessment of assets is through analysing digital library related business and function through a questionnaire which collects data to determine asset types and the importance of asset attributes. The Likert 5-point scale questionnaire method is used to identify the threat possibility and its influence on the assets. The 12 respondents include directors and senior network technicians from the editorial department, comic library, children’s library, counselling department, and the learning promotion centre. Three different Guttman scale questionnaires, tool testing, and on-site inspection are combined to identify and assess vulnerabilities. There were different Guttman scale questionnaires for management personnel, technical personnel, and general librarian respectively. In all, 15 management librarians, 7 technical librarians and 72 ordinary librarians answered the vulnerability questionnaire. On-site inspection was conducted on the basis of eleven control domains of ISO 27002. Vulnerabilities were scanned using remote security evaluation system NSFOCUS. The scanning covered 10 IP sections and a total of 81 hosts. Findings Overall, 2792 risk scores were obtained. Among them, 282 items (accounting for 10.1% of the total) reached the high risk level; 2 (0.1%) reached the very high risk level. High risk items involved 26 threat types (accounting for 44.1% of all threat types) and 13 vulnerability types (accounting for 22.1% of all vulnerability types). The evaluation revealed that this digital library faces seven major hidden dangers in information security. The assessment results were well accepted by staff members of this digital library, which testified to the applicability of this method to a Chinese digital library. Research limitations/implications This research is only a case study of a typical Chinese digital library using a digital library information security assessment method. More case-based explorations are necessary to prove the feasibility of the assessing strategy proposed in this study. Originality/value Based on the findings in recent literature, the authors found that very few researchers have made efforts to develop methods for calculating the indicators for digital library information security risk assessment. On the basis of ISO 27000 and other related information security standards, this case study proposed an operable method of digital library information security risk assessment, and used it to assess a the information security of a typical Chinese digital library. This study can offers insights for formulating a digital library information security risk assessment scale.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2014-0158
  • Effects of gender in library and information science research: a case
           study of The Electronic Library
    • First page: 488
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose The study showcases the effect of gender in the field of library and information science. Design/methodology/approach Research and review articles published from 2005 through 2014 in “The Electronic library”, a prominent journal in the field of Library and Information Science, were examined from the perspective of authors’ gender. Influence of gender was assessed with respect to at individual and collaborative levels, quality in terms of citedness and citation count, and receipt of research grants. Findings There has been an increase in the proportion of male authors over the years with a resulting decline in female authors. Male authors are more productive as teachers while females contribute more as working professionals or while they peruse their academic/research programmes. Collaborations among authors have increased. Though the productivity in collaborative works has increased in all gender combinations, it is more prominent when authors of opposite gender team up. No significant difference is observed in the number of national or international works produced in different collaborative authorship patterns. There is no difference in the number of male and female authors in male-female collaborative works. Works sponsored by grants are produced more frequently in groups comprising male-female or male-male members. No significant difference is observed in the number of cited or uncited works produced in different authorship patterns. The number of citations to works is independent of the nature of gender-wise authorship patterns. Research limitations/implications The study examines the status of women in research, specifically in the field of library and information science. The findings of the study are based on the contribution of the authors involved with the journal, “The Electronic Library”. Readers are encouraged to expand the study by including authors that contribute to other library and information science journals. Originality/value The study is first of its kind to highlight the involvement and observe the influence of female authors in the field of library and information science research.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0126
  • A comparative analysis of available features and Web 2.0 tools on selected
           Nigerian and South African university library websites
    • First page: 504
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose The study is a comparative analysis of available Web 2.0 tools in library web sites of selected Nigerian and South African universities. Design/methodology/approach Content analysis was adopted as the design for the study. Twenty (20) university library websites comprising 10 top ranking Nigerian universities and 10 top ranking South African universities were sampled for data collection. Five research questions developed and answered. Findings The findings show that the use of Web 2.0 tools in the selected universities is encouraging. There are more Web 2.0 tools available on the South African university library websites. The South African university libraries are ahead of their Nigerian counterparts in terms of integration of Web 2.0 tools, e-resources, and e-databases and have provided platforms for easy retrieval of information by their users. There are more e-resources available on the South African university library websites compare to their Nigerian counterparts. E-journals are the most available e-resources in the selected university library websites of both countries. Similarly, there are more academic e-databases are available on the South African university library websites while only few are listed on the webpages of the selected Nigerian university libraries. Research limitations/implications Since available studies seem to ignore the possibility of comparing one university library’s website with another, conducting a study such as this will provide insight and idea on the types of features, tools, and applications to be included on university library websites. This will be useful for university whose library is planning to develop a website. Originality/value Due to the wide variation reported in this study concerning available tools and resources on the university library websites in South Africa and Nigeria, it is recommended that African universities should come up with a standard that will mandate universities to have certain numbers of the tools identified in this study on their various university websites.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2014-0182
  • Digital literacy and digital content supports learning: the impact of
           blogs on teaching English as a foreign language
    • First page: 522
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, June 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to investigate the impact of blogs on teaching EFL to primary students. The study also explores educators’ perceptions of social media tools and digital literacy in school environments. Design/methodology/approach A three-step approach was used to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. First, the blogs of 23 fifth-grade students in an EFL class in Kuwait was analysed for one semester along with student perceptions and teacher observations. Second, a survey was distributed to the students at the end of the semester, and finally four focus groups were conducted regarding educators’ perceptions on the use of social media, their skills and needs, and problems encountered. Findings The findings showed that by the end of the semester, students were writing lengthy sentences, had fewer spelling and grammatical mistakes, were more motivated and independent, and displayed a more positive attitude towards learning EFL. In addition, educators are enthusiastic about using web technologies in their teaching practices but have several concerns such as digital literacy competencies, technology-use behavior, and lack of accessibility to digital content. Research limitations/implications The number of questions on the student survey could be reduced. Also, it would be preferable in future studies to require all students to blog at least twice a week which could provide a broader representation of their writing abilities. Originality/value Little research has been reported in the literature on the use of blogs in teaching EFL to primary school students. Most literature focuses on teaching EFL to university students. By using a mixed-methodology approach, this study also highlights the needs of educators and students in technology learning environments and makes a good contribution towards offering pragmatic solutions.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-04-14T12:10:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-05-2015-0076
  • Records management and Information Culture: Tackling the People Problem
    • Pages: 548 - 549
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, Page 548-549, June 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T12:39:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0167
  • The Accidental Indexer
    • Pages: 549 - 550
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, Page 549-550, June 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T12:39:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0194
  • Library Security: Better Communication, Safer Facilities
    • Pages: 550 - 551
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 3, Page 550-551, June 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T12:40:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0227
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