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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.543]   [H-I: 26]   [892 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Predictors for e-government adoption: integrating TAM, TPB, trust and
           perceived risk
    • First page: 2
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The present research aims to (1) identify determinants for citizen’ behavioural adoption of e-government, (2) explore relationships among these variables, and (3) investigate whether the proposed model can provide more comprehensive manner to understand the adoption of e-government. Design/methodology/approach First, a survey is administered to collect data, then the Cronbach’s alpha is assessed for internal consistency of measurement scales; second, confirmatory factor analysis is conducted to evaluate measurement model; finally, a structural equation model is used to test the proposed hypotheses and explore the determinants of e-government adoption. Findings Results indicate that the proposed model is a stable model with powerful explanatory of variation. In addition, some new relationships in e-government context are found, which disposition to trust has positive effect on social norms while perceived risk negatively influences perceived behaviour control. Moreover, other key dominants have been investigated respectively. Originality/value The findings have enabled us to better understand factors affecting intention, and also provided a solid theoretical research model for future study.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0141
       
  • Technical requirements for copyright protection of electronic theses and
           dissertations in INSTD: a grounded theory study
    • First page: 21
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study aimed to determine the technical requirements for copyright protection of theses and dissertations for proposing a model for applying in Iran’s National System for Theses and Dissertations (INSTD). Design/methodology/approach This study used a mixed research methodology. Grounded theory was used in the qualitative phase and a researcher-made checklist was applied in quantitative phase for surveying the status of the INSTD. Research population included INSTD as well as 6 information specialists and copyright experts. Data was analysed by using open Axial and selective coding. Findings Based on data extracted from the completed checklists, some technical requirements had been provided in the system. The technical requirements that interviewees pointed out included the two main classes: technical components and technical-software infrastructures, explored in the phase of grounded theory. The individual categories included access control, copy control, technical-software challenges, protecting standards, HTTPS, certificate authority, documentation of thesis and dissertation information, the use of digital object identifiers, copy detection systems, thesis and dissertation integrated systems, digital rights management systems, and electronic copyright management systems. Research limitations/implications Considering the subject of this study, only technical aspect was investigated and other aspects were not included. In addition, ETD providers were not well aware of copyright issues. Practical implications Using the technical requirements with high security is effective in the INSTD to gain the trust of the authors and encourage them to deposit their ETDs. Originality/value Considering the continued violation of copyright in electronic databases, applying technical requirements for copyright protection and regulating users’ access to the information of theses and dissertations are needed in the INSTD.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0226
       
  • Research on the organization of user needs information in the big data
           environment
    • First page: 36
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper proposes a conceptual model for improving the organization of user needs information in the big data environment. Design/methodology/approach A conceptual model of the organization of user needs information based on Linked Data techniques is constructed. This model has three layers: the Data Layer, the Semantic Layer, and the Application Layer. Findings Requirements for organizing user needs information in the big data environment are identified as follows: improving the intelligence level, establishing standards and guidelines for the description of user needs information, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and consideration of individual privacy in the organization and analysis of user needs. Practical implications This Web of Needs model could be used to improve knowledge services by matching user needs information with increasing semantic knowledge resources more effectively and efficiently in the big data environment. Originality/value This study proposes a conceptual model, the Web of Needs model, to organize and interconnect user needs. Compared with existing methods, the Web of Needs model satisfies the requirements for the organization of user needs information in the big data environment with regard to four aspects: providing the basis and conditions for intelligent processing of user needs information, using RDF as a description norm, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and setting various protocols to protect user privacy.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0130
       
  • Developing a novel recommender network-based ranking mechanism for library
           book acquisition
    • First page: 50
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Most academic libraries provide book recommendation services to enable readers to recommend books to the libraries. To facilitate decision making in book acquisition, this study developed a method to determine the ranking of the recommended books based on the recommender network. Design/methodology/approach The recommender network was conducted to establish relationships among book recommenders and their similar readers by using circulation records. Furthermore, social computing techniques were used to evaluate the degree of representativeness of the recommenders, and subsequently applied as a criterion to rank the recommended books. Empirical studies were performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed ranking system. The Spearman’s correlation coefficients between the proposed ranking system and the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics were used as performance measure. Findings The ranking calculated using the proposed ranking mechanism was highly and moderately correlated to the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics. The ranking of recommended books by the librarians was moderately and poorly correlated to the ranking calculated using reader circulation statistics. Practical implications The book recommender can be used to improve the accuracy of book recommendations. Originality/value This study is the first that considers the recommender network on library book acquisition. The results also show that the proposed ranking mechanism can facilitate effective book-acquisition decisions in libraries.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0094
       
  • Trends and challenges of visual search interfaces in digital libraries and
           repositories
    • First page: 69
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This literature review presents an overview of the challenges encountered in integrating visual search interfaces into digital libraries and repositories. These challenges come in various forms, including information visualisation, the use of Knowledge Organisation Systems (KOS) and metadata quality. The main purpose of this study consists of the identification of criteria for the evaluation and integration of visual search interfaces, proposing guidelines and recommendations to improve information retrieval tasks with emphasis on the education-al context. Design/methodology/approach The information included in this study was collected based on a systematic literature review approach. The main information sources were explored in several digital libraries, including Science Direct, Scopus, ACM and IEEE, and include journal articles, conference proceedings, books, European project reports and deliverables and PhD theses published in electronic format. A total of 142 studies comprised the review. Findings There are several issues that authors did not fully discuss in this literature review study. More specific, aspects associated with access of digital resources in digital libraries and repositories based on Human Computer Interaction (HCI) i.e. i) usability and learnability of user interfaces, ii) design of a suitable navigation method of search based on Simple Knowledge Organization Schemes (SKOS), and finally and finally, iii) the use of usefulness visual search inter-faces to locate relevant resources. Research limitations/implications The main steps for carrying out a systematic review are drawn from healthcare; this methodology is not commonly used in fields like digital libraries and repositories. The authors aimed to apply the fundamentals of the systematic literature review methodology considering the context of this study. Additionally, there are several aspects of accessibility that were not considered in the study, such as accessibility to content for disabled people as defined by ISO/IEC 40500:2012. Originality/value No other systematic literature reviews have been conducted in this field. The research presents an in-depth analysis of the criteria associated with searching and navigation methods based on the systematic literature review approach. The analysis is relevant for researchers in the field of digital library and repository creation in that it may direct them to considerations in designing and implementing visual search interfaces based on the use of information visualisation.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0046
       
  • Multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation of structured,
           digital library resources
    • First page: 99
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Current segmentation systems almost invariably focus on linear segmentation and can only divide text into linear sequences of segments. This suits cohesive text such as news feed but not coherent texts such as documents of a digital library which have hierarchical structures. In order to overcome the focus on linear segmentation in document segmentation, and to realize the purpose of hierarchical segmentation for a digital library’s structured resources this paper proposed a new multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation system (MHTSS) to decide section breaks. Design/methodology/approach MHTSS adopts up-down segmentation strategy to divide a structured, digital library document into a document segmentation tree. Specifically, it works in a three-stage process: (1) document parsing, (2) coarse segmentation based on document access structures and (3) fine-grained segmentation based on lexical cohesion. Findings This paper analysed limitations of document segmentation methods for the structured, digital library resources.
      Authors found that the combination of document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques should complement each other and allow for a better segmentation of structured, digital library resources. Based on this finding, this paper proposed the MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources. To evaluate it, MHTSS was compared to the TT and C99 algorithms on real-world digital library corpora. Through comparison, it was found that the MHTSS achieves top overall performance. Practical implications With MHTSS, digital library users can get their relevant information directly in segments instead of receiving the whole document. This will improve retrieval performance as well as dramatically reduce information overload. Originality/value This paper proposed MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources, which combines the document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques to decide section breaks. With this system, end users can access a document by sections through a document structure tree.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0108
       
  • Evaluating the usability of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
           library web site: a case study
    • First page: 121
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Library web sites serve as gateways to the information resources and services of their libraries. In today’s digital age, the development of web sites is inevitable for libraries as a means to provide users with online services at their desktops. This case study reports the findings of a usability study of an academic library web site from the user perspective. Design/methodology/approach An online survey on the efficacy of the web site and statistical reports from Google analytics were used as tools to assess and track the use of CIIT library website resources by national and international users. A sample of 550 users was invited by e-mail to respond to the questionnaire covering various usability features of the web site. Findings Findings reveal that users are largely satisfied with the usefulness, convenience, design and quality of CIIT library web site. Moreover, the users are mostly making use of the web site for accessing research papers through the HEC digital library, exploring free online open access journals, searching for e-books and examining the library collection via OPAC. This shows that the library web site has a significant role in the pedagogical activities of the CIIT community. Research limitations/implications The results are limited to a case study of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site. Practical implications The findings of this study will help the library administration to overcome existing deficiencies in the CIIT library web site. Originality/value The study is a foremost usability evaluation of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site from the user perspective.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0149
       
  • Are academic libraries ready for knowledge management?
    • First page: 137
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of organizational factors, such as the culture of trust, human resources (HR) practice, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing, and the degree to which this attitude affects their perceived readiness to adopt knowledge management. Design/methodology/approach A soft copy of the questionnaire was sent to 217 academic librarians in both public and private universities in Kuwait. A total of 150 valid responses were collected and tested using a structural equation model (SEM). Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS and LISREL software to verify the research hypotheses. Findings The study found that apart from HR practices, all the other factors had significant effects on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing (KS). In addition, the attitude of librarians towards KS was found to significantly affect the readiness to adopt KM in academic libraries. Practical implications Findings should help libraries identify opportunities and barriers to adopting KM. Results indicate that strengthening the affecting factors, such as a culture of trust and top management support, lead to a more positive attitude toward KS and ultimately a better chance of success for any KM initiative that will take place in an academic library. Originality/value The primary research contribution is the conceptual model of the effect of the organizational factors of a culture of trust, HR practices, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward KS, and the degree to which this affects their perceived readiness to adopt KM.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0008
       
  • Interaction between science and technology in the field of fuel cells
           based on patent paper analysis
    • First page: 152
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study analysed and explored the characteristics of patent-paper pairs (PPPs) in the field of fuel cells. Design/methodology/approach The authors used bibliometric analysis to analyse the bibliometric records of PPPs identified from 20,758 papers and 8,112 utility patents between 1991 and 2010. Findings The findings show that the percentages of papers and patents constituting PPPs was low, but an increasing trend was identified in the absolute number of PPPs. Researchers affiliated with research institutions were the primary contributors to PPPs. Countries with the most papers and patents had the most PPPs, exploiting the advantage of dual knowledge creation. Similar growth trends were observed in the numbers of patents approved and papers published. Patents in PPPs were typically produced earlier than the papers in PPPs. On average, patents were applied for approximately 4 years before papers were published, and patents were approved only approximately 4 months before papers were published. Research limitations/implications While the study was limited to the PPPs in the field of fuel cells, PPPs analysis can be applied to numerous fields. Originality/value PPPs indicate the coactivity of researchers involved in publishing and patenting. Although this coactivity has been studied, few studies have investigated PPPs. This study helps us better understanding of the characteristics of papers and patents constituting PPPs, changes in the annual numbers of papers and patents constituting PPPs, delays between papers and patents, as well as individuals, institutions, and countries producing numerous PPPs.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0195
       
  • Scholarly communication in the age of Google: exploring academics’ use
           patterns of e-journals at the University of the Punjab
    • First page: 167
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The research study investigates the use patterns of scholarly e-journals by academics for teaching, research and keeping themselves up-to-date. The study also looks at differences in the use patterns across twelve disciplines. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted to explore academics’ use patterns of scholarly e-journals in twelve disciplines. The University of the Punjab was used for the sample population. Self administered questionnaires were distributed to all regular and contractual academics of Lahore campuses of the University. After follow up 457 questionnaires were received with a response rate of 54 percent. Descriptive statistics and non parametric statistics were used to analyse data. Findings The results showed that the academics made more frequent use of e-journals, online reference sources and discussion with colleagues for scholarly activities. E-Journals were used predominantly for research related activities rather than for teaching and instruction. Academics obtained e-journal articles primarily from open access sources i.e., general search engines and Google Scholar as compared to subscribed and other sources of e-journal articles. Disciplinary differences were also found in academics’ use patterns of e-journals. However, academics showed just satisfactory skills regarding use of advanced searching techniques and evaluation of the quality of e-journals. Practical implications Findings will be helpful for information professionals to review their policies and practices in relation to e-journal services for academic community. The needs for e-literacy skills to use e-journals will also be identified and findings will be significant for information professionals in arranging information literacy instruction programmes for targeted disciplines. Originality/value Most of e-journals use studies focused on specific disciplines – Sciences, Life Sciences, Engineering and Technology and Social Sciences. This research study is valuable that investigated use patterns of e-journals across twelve different disciplines at the University of the Punjab.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0171
       
  • All that glitters isn’t gold: the complexities of use statistics as an
           assessment tool for digital libraries
    • First page: 185
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Digital collection assessment has focused mainly on evaluating systems, metadata, and usability. While use evaluation is discussed in the literature, there are no standard criteria and methods for how to perform assessment on use effectively. This article asserts that use statistics have complexities that prohibit meaningful interpretation and assessment. The authors aim to discover the problems inherent in the assessment of digital collection use statistics and propose solutions to address such issues. Design/methodology/approach This article identifies and demonstrates five inherent problems with use statistics that need to be addressed when doing assessment for digital collections using the statistics of assessment tools on local digital repositories. The authors then propose solutions to resolve the problems that present themselves upon such analysis. Findings The authors identified five problems with digital collection use statistics. Problem one is the difficulty of distinguishing different kinds of Internet traffic. Problem two is the lack of direct correlation of a digital item to its multiple URLs, so statistics from external web analytics tools are not ideal. Problem three is the analytics tools’ inherent bias in statistics that are counted only in the positive way. Problem four is the different interaction between digital collections with search engine indexing. Problem five is the evaluator’s bias towards simple growing statistics over time for surmising a positive use assessment. Because of these problems, statistics on digital collections do not properly measure a digital library’s value. Practical implications Findings highlight problems with current use measures and offer improvements. Originality/value This article identifies five problems that need to be addressed before a meaningful assessment of digital collection use statistics can take place. The article ends with a call for evaluators to try to solve or mitigate the stated problems for their digital collections in their own evaluations.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0179
       
  • WeChat Library: a new mode of mobile library service
    • First page: 198
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study introduces a new mode of mobile library service, named “WeChat Library,” developed under the WeChat (social media platform) public service platform. The design and realization of WeChat Library is also presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. Design/methodology/approach This study designed a new mobile library service system, WeChat Library of Chongqing University Library, analysed its construction cost and usage statistics, and discussed the advantages of the new service mode. Findings Investigation results showed that 84.6 percent of the “985” universities opened up WeChat libraries, which signified that WeChat library has become one of the important mobile service modes for Chinese university libraries. WeChat Library received high appreciation from the patrons; in 20 months of operation, 20.3 percent of patrons in Chongqing University had used WeChat Library. The five most commonly used services are OPAC retrieval, items borrowed, personal centre, resource discovery, and announcements. WeChat Library was found to have many advantages, such as low development cost, automatic cross-platform service, adaptive screen, low acceptance cost, easier promotion, strong user viscosity, strong interactivity, and real-time consulting. Practical implications The functional design and technological architecture of WeChat Library was presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. The technical realization of several unique services, namely, QR code access, space reservation, and overdue reminders, was also demonstrated. The study will provide favourable suggestions and references for other libraries that have also launched the WeChat Library. Originality/value The mainstream service mode of mobile libraries is APP. Although mobile services are applied extensively in China, numerous small- and medium-sized libraries are still unable to provide mobile services for patrons primarily because the investment is too high to bear for some libraries. Therefore, mobile library services urgently need a more economical model of mobile services. The most prominent advantages of WeChat Library are its low development cost and low technology threshold. WeChat Library can provide a better solution for mobile library services.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:35:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0248
       
  • Book reviews
    • Pages: 209 - 210
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 209-210, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0246
       
  • Technology Disaster Response and Recovery Planning
    • Pages: 210 - 211
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 210-211, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2016-0181
       
  • The Cybrarian’s Web 2: An A-Z Guide to Free Social Media Tools,
           Apps, and Other resources
    • Pages: 211 - 212
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 211-212, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-05-2016-0122
       
 
 
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