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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.543]   [H-I: 26]   [875 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • WeChat Library: a new mode of mobile library service
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study introduces a new mode of mobile library service, named “WeChat Library,” developed under the WeChat (social media platform) public service platform. The design and realization of WeChat Library is also presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. Design/methodology/approach This study designed a new mobile library service system, WeChat Library of Chongqing University Library, analysed its construction cost and usage statistics, and discussed the advantages of the new service mode. Findings Investigation results showed that 84.6 percent of the “985” universities opened up WeChat libraries, which signified that WeChat library has become one of the important mobile service modes for Chinese university libraries. WeChat Library received high appreciation from the patrons; in 20 months of operation, 20.3 percent of patrons in Chongqing University had used WeChat Library. The five most commonly used services are OPAC retrieval, items borrowed, personal centre, resource discovery, and announcements. WeChat Library was found to have many advantages, such as low development cost, automatic cross-platform service, adaptive screen, low acceptance cost, easier promotion, strong user viscosity, strong interactivity, and real-time consulting. Practical implications The functional design and technological architecture of WeChat Library was presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. The technical realization of several unique services, namely, QR code access, space reservation, and overdue reminders, was also demonstrated. The study will provide favourable suggestions and references for other libraries that have also launched the WeChat Library. Originality/value The mainstream service mode of mobile libraries is APP. Although mobile services are applied extensively in China, numerous small- and medium-sized libraries are still unable to provide mobile services for patrons primarily because the investment is too high to bear for some libraries. Therefore, mobile library services urgently need a more economical model of mobile services. The most prominent advantages of WeChat Library are its low development cost and low technology threshold. WeChat Library can provide a better solution for mobile library services.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:35:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0248
  • Scholarly communication in the age of Google: exploring academics’ use
           patterns of e-journals at the University of the Punjab
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The research study investigates the use patterns of scholarly e-journals by academics for teaching, research and keeping themselves up-to-date. The study also looks at differences in the use patterns across twelve disciplines. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted to explore academics’ use patterns of scholarly e-journals in twelve disciplines. The University of the Punjab was used for the sample population. Self administered questionnaires were distributed to all regular and contractual academics of Lahore campuses of the University. After follow up 457 questionnaires were received with a response rate of 54 percent. Descriptive statistics and non parametric statistics were used to analyse data. Findings The results showed that the academics made more frequent use of e-journals, online reference sources and discussion with colleagues for scholarly activities. E-Journals were used predominantly for research related activities rather than for teaching and instruction. Academics obtained e-journal articles primarily from open access sources i.e., general search engines and Google Scholar as compared to subscribed and other sources of e-journal articles. Disciplinary differences were also found in academics’ use patterns of e-journals. However, academics showed just satisfactory skills regarding use of advanced searching techniques and evaluation of the quality of e-journals. Practical implications Findings will be helpful for information professionals to review their policies and practices in relation to e-journal services for academic community. The needs for e-literacy skills to use e-journals will also be identified and findings will be significant for information professionals in arranging information literacy instruction programmes for targeted disciplines. Originality/value Most of e-journals use studies focused on specific disciplines – Sciences, Life Sciences, Engineering and Technology and Social Sciences. This research study is valuable that investigated use patterns of e-journals across twelve different disciplines at the University of the Punjab.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0171
  • Multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation of structured,
           digital library resources
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Current segmentation systems almost invariably focus on linear segmentation and can only divide text into linear sequences of segments. This suits cohesive text such as news feed but not coherent texts such as documents of a digital library which have hierarchical structures. In order to overcome the focus on linear segmentation in document segmentation, and to realize the purpose of hierarchical segmentation for a digital library’s structured resources this paper proposed a new multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation system (MHTSS) to decide section breaks. Design/methodology/approach MHTSS adopts up-down segmentation strategy to divide a structured, digital library document into a document segmentation tree. Specifically, it works in a three-stage process: (1) document parsing, (2) coarse segmentation based on document access structures and (3) fine-grained segmentation based on lexical cohesion. Findings This paper analysed limitations of document segmentation methods for the structured, digital library resources.
      Authors found that the combination of document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques should complement each other and allow for a better segmentation of structured, digital library resources. Based on this finding, this paper proposed the MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources. To evaluate it, MHTSS was compared to the TT and C99 algorithms on real-world digital library corpora. Through comparison, it was found that the MHTSS achieves top overall performance. Practical implications With MHTSS, digital library users can get their relevant information directly in segments instead of receiving the whole document. This will improve retrieval performance as well as dramatically reduce information overload. Originality/value This paper proposed MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources, which combines the document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques to decide section breaks. With this system, end users can access a document by sections through a document structure tree.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0108
  • Predictors for e-government adoption: integrating TAM, TPB, trust and
           perceived risk
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The present research aims to (1) identify determinants for citizen’ behavioural adoption of e-government, (2) explore relationships among these variables, and (3) investigate whether the proposed model can provide more comprehensive manner to understand the adoption of e-government. Design/methodology/approach First, a survey is administered to collect data, then the Cronbach’s alpha is assessed for internal consistency of measurement scales; second, confirmatory factor analysis is conducted to evaluate measurement model; finally, a structural equation model is used to test the proposed hypotheses and explore the determinants of e-government adoption. Findings Results indicate that the proposed model is a stable model with powerful explanatory of variation. In addition, some new relationships in e-government context are found, which disposition to trust has positive effect on social norms while perceived risk negatively influences perceived behaviour control. Moreover, other key dominants have been investigated respectively. Originality/value The findings have enabled us to better understand factors affecting intention, and also provided a solid theoretical research model for future study.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0141
  • All that glitters isn’t gold: the complexities of use statistics as an
           assessment tool for digital libraries
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Digital collection assessment has focused mainly on evaluating systems, metadata, and usability. While use evaluation is discussed in the literature, there are no standard criteria and methods for how to perform assessment on use effectively. This article asserts that use statistics have complexities that prohibit meaningful interpretation and assessment. The authors aim to discover the problems inherent in the assessment of digital collection use statistics and propose solutions to address such issues. Design/methodology/approach This article identifies and demonstrates five inherent problems with use statistics that need to be addressed when doing assessment for digital collections using the statistics of assessment tools on local digital repositories. The authors then propose solutions to resolve the problems that present themselves upon such analysis. Findings The authors identified five problems with digital collection use statistics. Problem one is the difficulty of distinguishing different kinds of Internet traffic. Problem two is the lack of direct correlation of a digital item to its multiple URLs, so statistics from external web analytics tools are not ideal. Problem three is the analytics tools’ inherent bias in statistics that are counted only in the positive way. Problem four is the different interaction between digital collections with search engine indexing. Problem five is the evaluator’s bias towards simple growing statistics over time for surmising a positive use assessment. Because of these problems, statistics on digital collections do not properly measure a digital library’s value. Practical implications Findings highlight problems with current use measures and offer improvements. Originality/value This article identifies five problems that need to be addressed before a meaningful assessment of digital collection use statistics can take place. The article ends with a call for evaluators to try to solve or mitigate the stated problems for their digital collections in their own evaluations.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0179
  • Research on the organization of user needs information in the big data
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper proposes a conceptual model for improving the organization of user needs information in the big data environment. Design/methodology/approach A conceptual model of the organization of user needs information based on Linked Data techniques is constructed. This model has three layers: the Data Layer, the Semantic Layer, and the Application Layer. Findings Requirements for organizing user needs information in the big data environment are identified as follows: improving the intelligence level, establishing standards and guidelines for the description of user needs information, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and consideration of individual privacy in the organization and analysis of user needs. Practical implications This Web of Needs model could be used to improve knowledge services by matching user needs information with increasing semantic knowledge resources more effectively and efficiently in the big data environment. Originality/value This study proposes a conceptual model, the Web of Needs model, to organize and interconnect user needs. Compared with existing methods, the Web of Needs model satisfies the requirements for the organization of user needs information in the big data environment with regard to four aspects: providing the basis and conditions for intelligent processing of user needs information, using RDF as a description norm, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and setting various protocols to protect user privacy.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0130
  • Evaluating the usability of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
           library web site: a case study
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Library web sites serve as gateways to the information resources and services of their libraries. In today’s digital age, the development of web sites is inevitable for libraries as a means to provide users with online services at their desktops. This case study reports the findings of a usability study of an academic library web site from the user perspective. Design/methodology/approach An online survey on the efficacy of the web site and statistical reports from Google analytics were used as tools to assess and track the use of CIIT library website resources by national and international users. A sample of 550 users was invited by e-mail to respond to the questionnaire covering various usability features of the web site. Findings Findings reveal that users are largely satisfied with the usefulness, convenience, design and quality of CIIT library web site. Moreover, the users are mostly making use of the web site for accessing research papers through the HEC digital library, exploring free online open access journals, searching for e-books and examining the library collection via OPAC. This shows that the library web site has a significant role in the pedagogical activities of the CIIT community. Research limitations/implications The results are limited to a case study of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site. Practical implications The findings of this study will help the library administration to overcome existing deficiencies in the CIIT library web site. Originality/value The study is a foremost usability evaluation of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site from the user perspective.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0149
  • Developing a novel recommender network-based ranking mechanism for library
           book acquisition
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Most academic libraries provide book recommendation services to enable readers to recommend books to the libraries. To facilitate decision making in book acquisition, this study developed a method to determine the ranking of the recommended books based on the recommender network. Design/methodology/approach The recommender network was conducted to establish relationships among book recommenders and their similar readers by using circulation records. Furthermore, social computing techniques were used to evaluate the degree of representativeness of the recommenders, and subsequently applied as a criterion to rank the recommended books. Empirical studies were performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed ranking system. The Spearman’s correlation coefficients between the proposed ranking system and the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics were used as performance measure. Findings The ranking calculated using the proposed ranking mechanism was highly and moderately correlated to the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics. The ranking of recommended books by the librarians was moderately and poorly correlated to the ranking calculated using reader circulation statistics. Practical implications The book recommender can be used to improve the accuracy of book recommendations. Originality/value This study is the first that considers the recommender network on library book acquisition. The results also show that the proposed ranking mechanism can facilitate effective book-acquisition decisions in libraries.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0094
  • Are academic libraries ready for knowledge management?
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of organizational factors, such as the culture of trust, human resources (HR) practice, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing, and the degree to which this attitude affects their perceived readiness to adopt knowledge management. Design/methodology/approach A soft copy of the questionnaire was sent to 217 academic librarians in both public and private universities in Kuwait. A total of 150 valid responses were collected and tested using a structural equation model (SEM). Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS and LISREL software to verify the research hypotheses. Findings The study found that apart from HR practices, all the other factors had significant effects on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing (KS). In addition, the attitude of librarians towards KS was found to significantly affect the readiness to adopt KM in academic libraries. Practical implications Findings should help libraries identify opportunities and barriers to adopting KM. Results indicate that strengthening the affecting factors, such as a culture of trust and top management support, lead to a more positive attitude toward KS and ultimately a better chance of success for any KM initiative that will take place in an academic library. Originality/value The primary research contribution is the conceptual model of the effect of the organizational factors of a culture of trust, HR practices, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward KS, and the degree to which this affects their perceived readiness to adopt KM.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0008
  • Technical requirements for copyright protection of electronic theses and
           dissertations in INSTD: a grounded theory study
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study aimed to determine the technical requirements for copyright protection of theses and dissertations for proposing a model for applying in Iran’s National System for Theses and Dissertations (INSTD). Design/methodology/approach This study used a mixed research methodology. Grounded theory was used in the qualitative phase and a researcher-made checklist was applied in quantitative phase for surveying the status of the INSTD. Research population included INSTD as well as 6 information specialists and copyright experts. Data was analysed by using open Axial and selective coding. Findings Based on data extracted from the completed checklists, some technical requirements had been provided in the system. The technical requirements that interviewees pointed out included the two main classes: technical components and technical-software infrastructures, explored in the phase of grounded theory. The individual categories included access control, copy control, technical-software challenges, protecting standards, HTTPS, certificate authority, documentation of thesis and dissertation information, the use of digital object identifiers, copy detection systems, thesis and dissertation integrated systems, digital rights management systems, and electronic copyright management systems. Research limitations/implications Considering the subject of this study, only technical aspect was investigated and other aspects were not included. In addition, ETD providers were not well aware of copyright issues. Practical implications Using the technical requirements with high security is effective in the INSTD to gain the trust of the authors and encourage them to deposit their ETDs. Originality/value Considering the continued violation of copyright in electronic databases, applying technical requirements for copyright protection and regulating users’ access to the information of theses and dissertations are needed in the INSTD.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0226
  • Trends and challenges of visual search interfaces in digital libraries and
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This literature review presents an overview of the challenges encountered in integrating visual search interfaces into digital libraries and repositories. These challenges come in various forms, including information visualisation, the use of Knowledge Organisation Systems (KOS) and metadata quality. The main purpose of this study consists of the identification of criteria for the evaluation and integration of visual search interfaces, proposing guidelines and recommendations to improve information retrieval tasks with emphasis on the education-al context. Design/methodology/approach The information included in this study was collected based on a systematic literature review approach. The main information sources were explored in several digital libraries, including Science Direct, Scopus, ACM and IEEE, and include journal articles, conference proceedings, books, European project reports and deliverables and PhD theses published in electronic format. A total of 142 studies comprised the review. Findings There are several issues that authors did not fully discuss in this literature review study. More specific, aspects associated with access of digital resources in digital libraries and repositories based on Human Computer Interaction (HCI) i.e. i) usability and learnability of user interfaces, ii) design of a suitable navigation method of search based on Simple Knowledge Organization Schemes (SKOS), and finally and finally, iii) the use of usefulness visual search inter-faces to locate relevant resources. Research limitations/implications The main steps for carrying out a systematic review are drawn from healthcare; this methodology is not commonly used in fields like digital libraries and repositories. The authors aimed to apply the fundamentals of the systematic literature review methodology considering the context of this study. Additionally, there are several aspects of accessibility that were not considered in the study, such as accessibility to content for disabled people as defined by ISO/IEC 40500:2012. Originality/value No other systematic literature reviews have been conducted in this field. The research presents an in-depth analysis of the criteria associated with searching and navigation methods based on the systematic literature review approach. The analysis is relevant for researchers in the field of digital library and repository creation in that it may direct them to considerations in designing and implementing visual search interfaces based on the use of information visualisation.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0046
  • Interaction between science and technology in the field of fuel cells
           based on patent paper analysis
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study analysed and explored the characteristics of patent-paper pairs (PPPs) in the field of fuel cells. Design/methodology/approach The authors used bibliometric analysis to analyse the bibliometric records of PPPs identified from 20,758 papers and 8,112 utility patents between 1991 and 2010. Findings The findings show that the percentages of papers and patents constituting PPPs was low, but an increasing trend was identified in the absolute number of PPPs. Researchers affiliated with research institutions were the primary contributors to PPPs. Countries with the most papers and patents had the most PPPs, exploiting the advantage of dual knowledge creation. Similar growth trends were observed in the numbers of patents approved and papers published. Patents in PPPs were typically produced earlier than the papers in PPPs. On average, patents were applied for approximately 4 years before papers were published, and patents were approved only approximately 4 months before papers were published. Research limitations/implications While the study was limited to the PPPs in the field of fuel cells, PPPs analysis can be applied to numerous fields. Originality/value PPPs indicate the coactivity of researchers involved in publishing and patenting. Although this coactivity has been studied, few studies have investigated PPPs. This study helps us better understanding of the characteristics of papers and patents constituting PPPs, changes in the annual numbers of papers and patents constituting PPPs, delays between papers and patents, as well as individuals, institutions, and countries producing numerous PPPs.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0195
  • Approach to self-publishing with a combination of bibliometric study and
           social network analysis techniques
    • First page: 902
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose From the point of view of the book chain, self-publishing is becoming increasingly common and it is doing so faster in the commercial world than in science. This study analyzes the phenomenon of self-publishing from the point of view of the research being done on it. Thus, in addition to studying the subject, it is going to be possible to analyze the viability of this methodology as an analysis technique. Design/methodology/approach The methodology is based on a combination of traditional bibliometric studies and analysis of social networks applied. Findings Self-publishing is a phenomenon that is being studied by the scientific community. But the research on this topic has a low rate of co-authorship and a low relationship between the most prolific authors and their relevance. The combination of techniques used has proven to be a very good choice for analyzing the data. Originality/value There are not enough works analyzing the research in self-publishing. Because of the peculiarities of the topic, a combination of various techniques will provide a better approach to its study, so, this article contains some results using bibliometrics and others using social network analysis applied.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0030
  • Hybrid publishing design methods for technical books
    • First page: 915
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide a characterization of the editorial design methods of technical books in a hybrid publishing context. Design/methodology/approach The paper starts by characterizing editorial design as a discipline itself within graphic design, which is then further identified as in urgent need to adapt strategies to technologies, communication processes, and existing information flows. Along with the literature review, the paper includes an analysis of one particular case study, O’Reilly Media. Findings The paper provides arguments to conclude that the classical approach to the designer’s workflow should be reviewed and the way of framing the editorial problem should also be different: it should focus on the content. Originality/value The paper includes implications for the improvement of digital workflows and design processes in the STM hybrid publishing field.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0035
  • A hybrid approach for phishing web site detection
    • First page: 927
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose Presents a hybrid approach based on classification algorithms that was capable of identifying different types of phishing pages. In this approach, after eliminating features that don’t play an important role in identifying phishing attacks and also after adding the technique of searching page title in the search engine, the capability of identifying journal phishing and phishing pages embedded in legal sites was added to the presented approach in this article. Design/methodology/approach The hybrid approach of this article for identifying phishing web sites is presented. This approach consists of four basic sections. The action of identifying phishing web sites and journal phishing attacks is performed via selecting two classification algorithms separately. To identify phishing attacks embedded in legal web sites also the method of page title searching is used and then the result is returned. To facilitate identifying phishing pages the black list approach is used along with the proposed approach so that the operation of identifying phishing web sites can be performed more accurately and, finally, by using a decision table, it is judged that the intended web site is phishing or legal. Findings In this article, a hybrid approach based on classification algorithms to identify phishing web sites is presented that has the ability to identify a new type of phishing attack known as journal phishing. The presented approach considers the most used features and adds new features to identify these attacks and to eliminate unused features in the identifying process of these attacks, does not have the problems of previous techniques, and can identify journal phishing too. Originality/value The major advantage of this technique was considering all of the possible and effective features in identifying phishing attacks and eliminating unused features of previous techniques, also this technique in comparison with other similar techniques has the ability of identifying journal phishing attacks and phishing pages embedded in legal sites.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0132
  • Global research trends on membrane biological reactor (MBR) for wastewater
           treatment and reuse from 1982 to 2013: a bibliometric analysis
    • First page: 945
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose Membrane biological reactor (MBR) is recognized as an efficient and steady wastewater treatment process. The purpose of present study is to reveal the research trends of scientific outputs on MBR for the past 32 years. Design/methodology/approach A method of bibliometric analysis was performed, based on the online version of the Science Citation Index Expanded, web of Science, from 1982 to 2013. 5,305 articles in total related to MBR were evaluated. A new method named “word cluster analysis” was also employed for further analysis. Findings Results showed a rising trend of publications in this research field. English was the main language used in these articles. Journal of membrane science published the most articles, proving to be one of the most authoritative journals. China and Dalian University of Technology were the most productive country and institute, respectively. Except for “membrane bioreactor” and “MBR”, “membrane fouling” was the most cited keyword, indicating the research hotspot nowadays and future. Originality/value This study is to serve as an alternative and innovative way of revealing the research trends in MBR research.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0113
  • E-books usage by agricultural, engineering, and social science students in
           selected universities of Pakistan: an empirical assessment
    • First page: 958
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose This empirical study of e-book usage in Pakistani universities was undertaken to: (i) compare the usage patterns of e-books among the students of social, agricultural, and engineering sciences; (ii) demonstrate how e-books are used by students for various purposes; (iii) explore the main reasons for using e-books; and (iv) uncover the major issues being encountered by students while using e-books. Design/methodology/approach During May to July 2014, a convenient sample technique was adopted and a close-ended questionnaire was used as a survey tool of 300 graduates (BSc honor) and postgraduate (Masters and MS) students, ages 21-60 years. In this study, the respondents' gender, age, educational level, and major disciplines were individual contextual variables. The data collection process was successfully completed with a 100 percent response rate. SPSS-19 was utilized for testing the reliability of the instrument, as well as descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square test). Findings The results show that the adoption of e-books has reached a level where they have become an integral component of academic library services. The results of this study verify the previous findings that the students are relying on e-book adoption for various academic and research purposes. Comparatively, male students, postgraduate students, and those between the ages of 21-40 years are more frequently e-book users. In addition, the percentage of e-book readership among engineering students on a "daily basis" is greater than the students of agricultural and social sciences. They prefer reading e-books because of the following reasons: (i) to support research endeavours and improve academic performance; and (ii) the e-format is quick to read and easy to manage. Insufficient e-contents, lack of personal computers, and the variety of e-book formats are the major constraints in the effective utilization of e-books for learning, education, and research needs. The study has concluded that e-books have a key role in the set-up of academic libraries and information resources in Pakistan, though further development of e-book readership capabilities and building of e-book collections are required to support users' needs, and a parallel investigation into their most effective usage is also required. Originality/value This empirical research is a first and unique study that systematically and quantitatively compares the relationship between respondents’ e-books usage with their individual contextual variables in the perspective of academic libraries in Pakistan.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0163
  • Management and usage of open access scholarly online resources in
           university libraries in Nigeria: librarians' viewpoints
    • First page: 974
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this research is to ascertain from academic librarians in Nigeria their knowledge of Open Access Online Resources (OASOR), how their libraries manage these resources and how they are utilized by their readers. This is an alternative source of resource provision which librarians needed to adopt, in view of dwindling budgets. Design/methodology/approach A survey design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted during an annual general meeting/conference of the Nigerian Library Association in June 2014. Interview and eye witness account were also used to complement the questionnaire. Random sampling technique was used to select 312 librarians from the 720 attendees from the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. Data were analyzed using the weighted mean on a Lickert scale. Findings The result of the finding revealed that some of the academic libraries sampled have access to limited Open Access (OA) resources from AGORA, HINARI, OARE and EBSCOHOST databases. The management procedure adopted were downloading of relevant resources for their readers; providing hard copies of some of the downloads; availing their readers access to the databases via their University websites. Others include offering consultancy services to academic departments and organizing training seminars to their users for direct access to the databases. The OASOR received adequate utility rate by users. Originality/value Dwindling economies and coping with current trends of information management in the contemporary world necessitated the use of ICT to avail open access resources in order to anchor education, research and human capital development in Nigeria. This will enable the country attain the Millennium Development Goal.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0140
  • Factors influencing job satisfaction of academic librarians in university
           libraries in Edo and Delta states, Nigeria
    • First page: 985
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose This study investigated the factors that influence job satisfaction of academic librarians in university libraries in Edo and Delta states in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted a descriptive survey design using 88 academic librarians in the university libraries in the two states. Total enumeration sampling technique was used for this study. All 88 librarians in the federal, state, and private university libraries in Édo and Delta states of Nigeria were considered appropriate for this study. The instrument used for data collection was self-structured questionnaire and all 88 respondents in this study responded to the questionnaire. Findings Five factors capable of influencing job satisfaction of employees – work environment, remuneration, fairness, promotion, and training – were expatiated upon to ascertain their influence on librarians’ job satisfaction. The result revealed that all the variables significantly influence librarians’ job satisfaction which serves as stimulus for employee’s productivity and delivery of quality services to clientele. Originality/value This research is the first to ascertain the factors that influences job satisfaction of academic librarians in university libraries in Edo and Delta states of Nigeria.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0128
  • A curriculum-based virtual and physical mobile learning model for
           elementary schools in museums
    • First page: 997
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose This study develops a curriculum-based virtual and physical mobile (CVPM) learning model, which integrates related physical and e-learning resources associated with elementary school curricula and supports elementary education. Design/methodology/approach This model provides a highly participative and well monitored environment with fruitful interactions among students, teachers and museum staff. A practical system was implemented in the National Museum of Natural Science in Taiwan. Findings The results show that the proposed model can effectively extend related learning resources to satisfy the requirements of elementary education. In addition, this model can engage students' self-directed explorations through problem-solving learning content during the learning process. Research limitations/implications This learning model was implemented in a one-day theme-based learning activity. Generic Learning Outcomes (GLOs) and qualitative analysis were used to examine the students’ perceptions and the teachers’ feedback of this learning model, respectively. Practical implications The results show that both students and teachers highly appreciated this learning model. The model not only strengthens the connection between museum and elementary curricula, but also enhances students’ perceptions and positive attitudes toward natural science courses. Finally, this study offers suggestions for future research. Originality/value This study develops a CVPM learning model which integrates elementary school courses to satisfy the requirements of elementary education and meet museums' educational strategies for schools. The practical learning system and services have been successfully implemented, and are widely available to elementary schools in Taiwan.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0146
  • Knowledge and use of Web 2.0 by librarians in university libraries of East
           Azerbaijan, Iran
    • First page: 1013
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose The present study investigates levels of awareness and use of Web 2.0 tools by librarians in the university libraries of East – Azerbaijan (EA) in Iran and to determine how librarians use these tools in everyday life. Design/methodology/approach A web-based questionnaire was used to collect data from 38 librarians in the university libraries of EA. Findings The research findings indicates that the librarians were more familiar with Web 2.0 tools such as wikis, and blogs. While librarians widely use blogs and wikis, tools such as social bookmarking, social networks, RSS feeds, instant messaging and Digital maps were less frequently used. Results obtained from present study indicated that librarians use Web 2.0 tools mostly to communicate with friends and family, to keep up to date, to collaborate with colleagues, for curiosity and fun. Also, Librarians believe that web 2.0 tools can be used mostly for sharing information about library resources. Internet filtering, lack of access to high speed internet and lack of training were the major obstacles on the way of Web 2.0 adoption by librarians. Originality/value It is a useful source for implementing web 2.0-based technology in libraries. Also, this study will help managers to understand the librarians’ needs about Web 2.0 in order to improve their library services.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2014-0192
  • Evaluating Iranian state university web sites using WebQEM
    • First page: 1031
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, November 2016.
      Purpose As the resultof the so-called information explosion, it is very important for researchers, faculty members and students to access scientific and research information, which highlights the importance of designing university websites. The goal of this study was to evaluate Iranian state university websites using webQEM. Design/methodology/approach The research method was a combination of descriptive and Delphy survey. The research population included 100 Iranian state university websites. Data collection was done using the check lists prepared by webQEM. Descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, and standard deviation) and analysis statistics (Spearman rank-difference correlation coefficient) were used for data analysis. Findings The results indicated that Iranian state university websites met the four main criteria considered in webQEM; reliability(mean = 0.67), efficiency(mean of 0.66) and functionality (mean = 0.62) were in “Good” condition and usability was in “Middle” condition (mean = 0.59). Also, the findings showed that 60 percent of the websites were in a good condition and 37 percent were in a middle condition. In conclusion, Iranian state university websites were found to be in “ Good” condition. (mean = 0.63). Also, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad was ranked in the first place (score = 0.822). The hypothesis that there was a very weak correlation between Iranian state university ranking and Iranian state university websites ranking was confirmed (with the correlation of 0.22 ). Practical implications The paper includes implications for the development of user interface of academic websites. This paper fill a part of the gap in terms of an urgent need for research on how university websites can be standardized. . If university websites have significant and necessary standard factors (i.e.ISO 9126-1), Students may success in academic information retrieval. Using the results of this research can help university website designers to fix weaknesses for active participation in these websites. Originality/value This study has evaluated Iranian state university web sites using WebQEM.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-11-04T11:13:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2014-0112
  • Data Management for Libraries
    • Pages: 1051 - 1051
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, Page 1051-1051, November 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-12-09T02:04:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0028
  • Emerging technologies: A primer for librarians
    • Pages: 1052 - 1053
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, Page 1052-1053, November 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-12-09T02:04:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2016-0067
  • Implementing web-scale discovery services: A practical guide for
    • Pages: 1053 - 1054
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, Page 1053-1054, November 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-12-09T02:05:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0247
  • Digital Curation in the Digital Humanities: Preserving and Promoting
           Archival and Special Collections
    • Pages: 1055 - 1055
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 6, Page 1055-1055, November 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-12-09T02:05:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0029
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