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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.543]   [H-I: 26]   [925 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • The quality of the metacommunication of the interface and search system of
           the CAPES Portal of e-journals
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose The study proposes the use of the Semiotics Inspection Method which is an interpretative and qualitative method from Semiotics Engineering for the evaluation of the communicability of systems and to evaluate digital libraries and information retrieval systems. The paper presents the results of the application of this method in the evaluation of the quality of the communicability of the interface and search system of the CAPES Portal of E-journals, a major scientific digital library in Brazil. There are proposed solutions to improve this system included. Design/methodology/approach The study used the Semiotics Inspection Method to evaluate the system. Two evaluators inspected the system. They performed the comparison and the analysis of three types of metamessages (metalinguistic, static, and dynamic). The metamessages generated by the evaluators were contrasted to find inconsistencies and ambiguities in the CAPES Portal of E-Journals. Finally, the last step of the method was the final assessment about the inspection. Findings The evaluators identified 52 problems of communicability. These problems were ranked according to severity ratings established by Nielsen (1994). They were grouped in 10 types of problems present in the interface and in the search system of the CAPES Portal of E-Journals. Originality/value This research contributes theoretically to the field of Information Retrieval and to the area of Human-Computer Interaction, and in particular, to the Theory of Semiotics Engineering (SE), by adapting SE methods that allow the evaluation of communicability to the context of the scientific information retrieval systems. Results obtained through scientific methods should contribute to development of the interface and search tools of IRS to better support query formulation and retrieval of relevant information and more efficiently satisfy the information needs of individuals.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0044
       
  • What influences teachers to continue using cloud services? The role of
           facilitating conditions and social influence
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose This study explores the determinants of teachers’ continuance intention with regard to cloud services. Design/methodology/approach This study uses a cloud service, namely Google Sites, to support teacher collaboration and further develop a research model to explore the determinants of their continued usage intention. Findings The findings reveal that continued intention to use the cloud services is primarily determined by their attitude toward using it; attitude toward using is affected by perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness; and perceived ease of use is influenced by facilitating conditions, while perceived usefulness is influenced by social influence. Practical implications This study determines that teachers intend to continue using cloud services once training in using such services has been provided, and if they hear favorable opinions from others. Originality/value This paper reveals that teachers intend to continue using cloud services once training in using such services has been provided, and if they hear the favorable opinions of others regarding them.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0046
       
  • Assimilation of social media in local government: an examination of key
           drivers
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose Social media technologies applications in the public sector have formed the fifth wave of information and communications technology adoption in government. Academic interest in social media in the government sector has been increasing. But there has been little empirical research on the assimilation of social media in local government. In order to fill this gap, based on technology-organization-environment framework, this study investigated the key technological, organizational, and environmental factors that affect the assimilation of social media in local government agencies. Design/methodology/approach To empirically test the model, a survey study was conducted. Data were collected from 150 government employees in the government department of X municipal government in China. The collected data were analysed quantitatively to answer five hypotheses using structural equation model. Findings The findings suggest that technology competence, top management support, perceived benefits, and citizen readiness significantly influence assimilation of social media in local government agencies. Top management support is the strongest predictor of social media assimilation in a government agency. Originality/value This study is one of the first attempts that adopted the TOE framework to understand assimilation of social media in local government. In addition, the effect of the four factors include one technological factor, two organizational factors, and one environmental factor – namely, technology competence, top management support, perceived benefits, and citizen readiness – on intention to assimilate social media was investigated.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2016-0182
       
  • Assessment of global law and psychiatry research in the period of 1993 -
           2012: a bibliometric analysis (part-I)
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this bibliometric analysis is to analyse the global scientific outputs, research patterns, research emphases and trends of Law and psychiatry (L&P) research during 1993 to 2012 from the Web of Science (WOS) database. Besides, the paper also offers an overview to deepen intercultural understanding and cooperation in the field among professionals concerned with the interface of this research field and related disciplines. Design/methodology/approach This paper conducted a bibliometric study of the characteristics and patterns of publication outputs, major journals, network of co-occurrence of authors, international productivity and collaboration. Findings International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, and Psychiatry, Psychology and Law were the representative journals in the field of L&P research. The results from the analysis of co-occurrence of authors suggest that the L&P co-authorship network analysis is relatively fragmented. In addition, the most productive institution was the University of California System, and the University of California System published the most inter-institutional collaborative publications and was the top institution by centrality measures. The Harvard University published the most single institute publications. The most productive country was the USA, and the USA was the top country by centrality measures. The USA was the most collaborative countries, and took the central position in the collaborative network. Originality/value This is the first study to quantify and evaluate global research productivity in L&P viewed through the WOS during 1993-2012, which might provide a potential guide for the future research among professionals concerned with the interface of L&P as it is a very constructive contribution to the area.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0207
       
  • Digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries: an
           investigation from university librarians in Pakistan
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the essential digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries. The study identified useful training programs for university librarians to acquire digital competencies. It examined their digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries in universities of Pakistan. This study also evaluates their digital knowledge in applying security measures to protect digital contents. Design/methodology/approach The quantitative research method was used to conduct this study. Research questions and hypothesis were developed to achieve the objectives. In-depth review of related literature was conducted to draft a list of essential digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries. It was circulated among the panel of experts to get their valuable feedback to make a final list of digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries. A questionnaire was developed to measure the status of digital competencies of university librarians in Pakistan. It was pre-tested on 20 respondents before applying to the whole population. SPSS software was used to analyze data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to achieve results. Findings The findings of the study showed that digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries fall into three main categories: digital competencies for developing digital libraries; digital competencies for managing digital libraries; and digital competencies to protect digital contents. The results revealed that trainings programs offered by HEC, library associations, library schools, in-house trainings, use of online tutorials and trainings offered by skilled professionals are highly important and useful for university librarians to acquire digital competencies. The study concluded that the university librarians working in HEC recognized universities in Punjab province possess basic level of digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries. Their digital competencies vary on the basis of their university type i.e. public and private sector. Research limitations/implications This study measures digital competencies of university librarians in Pakistan. The study has practical implications for librarians, library schools, library associations, university libraries and HEC. Practical implications This study has practical implications for librarians, information professionals, libraries, and library schools. The results are useful for librarians to get knowledge of digital competencies which are essential for developing and managing digital libraries and protecting digital contents. They can develop their digital competencies in identified areas. This study has identified useful training programs for university librarians for acquiring digital competencies. The university librarians should use these programs to gain needed digital skills. Originality/value In contrast to previous research work on investigating computer skills, ICT skills, technological skills, and general digital skills, this study particularly identifies the essential digital competencies for developing and managing digital libraries. It helps LIS schools, library associations, training groups, and university libraries to offer adequate training opportunities in identified areas to meet the challenges of the digital age.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2016-0133
       
  • An empirical analysis of user behaviour on multilingual information
           retrieval
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to understand user information behaviours when they perform multilingual information retrieval. It also offers reference for the development of multilingual information retrieval systems and relevant service platforms. Design/methodology/approach The authors designed an experiment on multilingual information retrieval with WorldWideScience, utilized Camtasia studio7 (a screen capturing and recording tool) to record overall operational processes of subjects, and collected participant thought processes with think-aloud protocols. Meanwhile, a questionnaire survey and interviews were used to examine the subjects’ background information, their feelings for the experiment, and their ideas about the experimental platform respectively. Thirty-two valid data points were obtained by 41 subjects. Findings The users preferred their own language for retrieval. Most users from social science chose general search or advanced search freely according to the tasks. The majority of the participants selected key words directly from the tasks as search terms. Doctoral candidates were more likely to construct a search query with logic symbols. Translation tools were utilized for assisting retrieval and doubt of translation. When facing obstacles, users stayed on the original web page to explore continually, followed by back to homepage. Originality/value This paper provides a study of user behaviour through investigating how users behave on the whole process of retrieving multilingual information. The findings offer information for optimizing the function of multilingual information retrieval system and service platforms.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0004
       
  • An assessment of rural libraries and information services for rural
           development: a study of Delta State, Nigeria
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose This study assessed the rural libraries and information services for rural development in Delta State, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted both descriptive and exploratory research designs. Questionnaire, observation and structured interview guide were the major instruments for data collection. Total enumeration was used to gather data from respondents in 16 functional rural libraries in Delta State. Findings The study revealed the challenges that surround the rural people in accessing information in rural libraries. It showed that only 16 rural libraries were established and functional in sixteen communities within the 25 Local Government Areas (LGAs). Findings also showed that the rural libraries were not able to fulfill their roles. It was evident that the information needs of the rural people which made them to access the library were not adequately met due to some hindrances such as inadequate up-to-date information materials, lack of awareness, illiteracy, language barrier, inadequate skilled personnel, and inadequate infrastructure and facilities. Practical implications The important finding in this study is that rural libraries are the most relevant institution to disseminate information about government policies, inculcating reading habits, and developing skill and knowledge of people. Therefore, underdevelopment of rural libraries and inadequate information sources and facilities will hinder access to information and development of the people who need them. Originality/value This research is the first of its kind to assess rural libraries and information services for the development of rural people in the 16 rural libraries in Delta State of Nigeria.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0145
       
  • Information behaviour and decision-making in patients during their cancer
           journey
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose This paper investigated the effect of cancer patients’ information behaviour on their decision-making at the diagnosis and treatment stages of their cancer journey. Patients’ information sources and their decision-making approaches were analyzed. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 participants. Findings The cancer patients sought information from various sources in choosing a hospital, physician, treatment method, diet, and alternative therapy. Physicians were the primary information source. The patients’ approaches to treatment decision making were diverse. An informed approach was adopted by nine patients, a paternalistic approach by four, and a shared decision-making approach by only two. Practical implications In practice, the findings may assist hospitals and medical professionals in fostering pertinent interactions with patients. Originality/value The findings can enhance researcher understanding regarding the effect of cancer patients’ information behaviour on their decision-making.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2016-0062
       
  • Evaluation of citations: a proposition to supplement the corresponding
           rule book in Serbia
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose The article describes a proposition for the evaluation of citations of scientific papers, which could serve as a supplement to the existing Rule Book of the Ministry of the Republic of Serbia which is used in the procedure of electing candidates for particular academic and research titles. The evaluation and quantitative presentation of the results and evaluation of citations were carried out on data taken from the database of the Current Research Information System of the University of Novi Sad (CRIS UNS), which is harmonized with the Rule Book of the Ministry in respect of the evaluation of published scientific results of researchers. Design/methodology/approach There are different criteria to evaluate the quality of scientific papers based on their citations. The pertinent parameters can be the total number of citations, the number of citations in a defined time period, and by assigning the appropriate weighting values to the citations. This work proposes a procedure of assigning the citation weighting values based on the evaluation of the scientific results in which the citation appeared according to the Rule Book in the Republic of Serbia. Based on this, the authors introduced the impact factor of researchers as the ratio of the number of points of the evaluated citations and the number of points of the evaluated papers of the researcher. Findings Results showed that the research information system CRIS UNS can be extended to the evaluation of citations for a single researcher, group of researchers, and institutions. Practical implications The proposed solution enables the evaluation of citations in the process of election and promotion of academic staff. In this way, there is a means for measuring the scientific influence of a researcher in the relevant scientific area. Originality/value The main idea presented in the paper is the definition of a rule book (or several rule books) for the evaluation of citations. Based on the evaluation of citations, the authors proposed the term "the impact factor of researcher".
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0182
       
  • Why should I pay for e-books? An empirical study to investigate Chinese
           readers’ purchase behavioural intention in the mobile era
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose Since mobile phones offer a new, affordable, and easy-to-use portal to reading material, mobile reading is emerging as the most ultra-modern reading approach. From the perspective of mobile reading service providers, knowledge of customer purchase, and consumption behaviour is critical for their survival and success. This paper provides insights into the factors that influence the purchase e-books. Design/methodology/approach Following means-end chain theory, the prospect theory and elaboration likelihood model (ELM), a structural equation model is proposed to investigate and identify key factors that drive the purchase intention of experienced mobile readers. In the theoretical model, utilitarian value and hedonic value are supposed as formative second-order constructs formed by related payoff. Findings Both utilitarian value and hedonic value are positively associated with readers’ purchase intention. However, there are no big differences between these two path coefficients. People seem to perceive relatively low payment risk although perceived risk could still negatively affect purchase intention. As a predictor of purchase intention, utilitarian value is less important when risk perception increases or when involvement decreases. Furthermore, our study illustrate that uniqueness and convenience are significant components of utilitarian value while curiosity and flow are components of hedonic value. Research limitations/implications Practical implications Mobile reading providers should highlight the professional and specificity of APP such as beautiful cover, page setup that similar to real books, and so on. Readers should be allowed to post real-time reviews and communicate with others to improve their sense of satisfaction, participation and belonging. The payment process should be concise and simple through which readers can save their purchase time and effort. Mobile reading service providers should provide trustworthy payment approaches, especially third-party platform and guarantee the convenience and safety of payment activity. Originality/value By focusing on the impacts of relationships among utilitarian value, hedonic value, perceived risk and involvement to purchase intention, this paper not only provides a theoretical understanding of mobile reading purchase behaviour but also offers practical insights to reading material manufactures and app developers for promoting such a process.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0165
       
  • Modelling web-based library service quality and user loyalty in the
           context of a developing country
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose This study aims to empirically validate the LibWebSQ measurement scale. In addition, it investigates the relationship between perceived web-based service quality and three other latent constructs, namely user satisfaction, service value, and user loyalty. Design/methodology/approach A quantitative survey design was used to collect the data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed to determine the influence of web-based service quality on the three latent constructs. The respondents were students, academic staff, and non-academic staff from two federal universities in the North-western zone of Nigeria. Findings The findings of the path analysis indicate that perceived web-based service quality and service value exhibit no statistically significant direct influence on user loyalty. However, user satisfaction has a direct positive influence on user loyalty, and it also mediates the relationship between web-based service quality and user loyalty to the library. Research limitations/implications The LibWebSQ is a reliable and valid scale to be used in Nigerian university libraries for web-based service quality measurement. User loyalty in academic libraries can be modelled as a result of service quality and user satisfaction. Practical implications This study provides a means of assessing web-based library service quality and further improving the policy and practice in university libraries. Originality/value This is the first attempt to assess web-based library service quality using the LibWebSQ measurement scale. A satisfactory model fit is obtained, which allows the measurement model to be integrated with service value, user satisfaction and user loyalty. The study contributes to the conceptualization of web-based library service quality.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0211
       
  • Social networking, identity, and sexual behaviour of undergraduate
           students in Nigerian universities
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.
      Purpose The objective of this study was to examine how the identity of undergraduates who use social networking sites in selected Nigerian universities influences the prediction of their sexual behaviour. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire survey was used to collect data from 388 students from three public universities in Nigeria. Findings Sex and age exerted sufficient influence on the youth’s sexual behaviour, but the identity variables seemed only to increase the tendency of younger males to form intimate relationship with partners. Specifically, young males who maintain high level of social relationships have a high tendency of developing intimate relationship with partners. Research limitations/implications This study deployed identity variables provides wide-ranging information on how identity moderates sexual behaviour in the presence of traditional predictors of demographic characteristics and social networking. Practical implications Demonstrates that identity are very strong influences of the predictive power of sex and age on sexual behaviour. Originality/value This study is the first that examined sexual behaviour, identity and social networking together.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2015-0014
       
  • Practical tips for facilitating research. By Moira J Bent.
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 3, June 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T01:43:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2016-0160
       
  • Understanding Chinese users’ switching behaviour of cloud storage
           services
    • First page: 214
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This research aims to explore the switching intention and behavior of Cloud Storage Services (CSS) individual users in China by integrating the variables of switching cost and habit into the Expectation Disconfirmation Theory. Design/methodology/approach Based on 419 valid responses, structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the research model. Findings The results indicated that perceived usefulness and expectation disconfirmation have a positive and negative effect on user satisfaction respectively. While expectation disconfirmation has a negative impact on perceived usefulness, user satisfaction positively affects users’ habit and switching cost. At the same time, switching intention is affected significantly and negatively by perceived usefulness, user satisfaction, as well as switching cost, where in switching intention and habit can commendably predict switching behavior. The results can guide for CSS providers on how to successfully retain users in the competitive CSS market. Originality/value Previous researches have investigated the effects of perceived usefulness, switching cost and user traits on CSS adoption and continuance intention, as well as behavior, they neglected the antecedents of switching cost and the effect of user habit on them. Additionally, relatively few studies have been devoted to an empirical examination of the switching behavior from a particular CSS product to its rival products at the individual user level. This research tries to fill these gaps.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0080
       
  • Information seeking behaviour of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in
           Iran
    • First page: 233
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The present research has been conducted in order to compare information-seeking behavior of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in Iran. Design/methodology/approach The study sample consisted of 375 saffron farmers (295 ordinary and 80 elite saffron farmers) whom were selected through use of cluster sampling method. Data were collected by a kind of researcher-made questionnaire. Findings The results showed saffron onion, pesticides and cultivators, and farmland worker were the main components of saffron farmers’ information seeking behavior of both groups. The most important sources of information for both groups included reference to past experience, neighboring saffron farmers, contact with informants, and other family members. The main criteria which affected the behavior of the two groups on the use of information sources were provided information in local language, native people, clear and intelligible information, and low cost. Farmers were also confronted with common problems such as lack of attention to the needs of farmers, and insufficient number of technical experts. It was also found that there was no significant relationship between information seeking behavior of elite and ordinary saffron farmers and their performance. Originality/value Saffron is one of the most important agricultural export products in Iran and this paper is the first research in this subject and the paper results can develop information seeking behaviour of farmers.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0048
       
  • Adolescents’ social reading: motivation, behaviour, and their
           relationship
    • First page: 246
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Using the case of reading via WeChat in China, this study aims to explore adolescents’ social reading motivation and behavior. It also examines how the specific dimensions of reading motivation contribute to the different aspects of social reading behavior. Design/methodology/approach This study utilized survey approach, which gathered 1039 valid responses from a cluster sampling in 14 middle and high schools in Shanghai, China. Findings The results indicated that social reading motivation was a multidimensional construct, which included the dimensions of Social Interaction, Self-Development, Peer Recognition, Information Acquisition, Personal Interests, and Time Killing. The research also found that different motivational dimensions exerted different influences on adolescents’ social reading activities. Specifically, the motivations of Time Killing and Self-Development are significant predictors of both the Reading Act and Socializing Act. However, Information Acquisition and Personal Interests were significant predictors only of the Reading Act, while Social Interaction and Peer Recognition significantly predicted the Socializing Act. Research limitations/implications The findings would be valuable for those who develop reading programs or administer adolescents’ reading practice. This study can help them understand the complexity of adolescents’ social reading motivation and distinguish between its different dimensions. Originality/value The study provides important insights into the nature of adolescents’ social reading motivation and how it relates to their social reading behavior. It not only confirmed the multidimensionality of social reading motivation as a construct, but also expanded the exploration of reading motivation and behavior to the social media arena.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0239
       
  • Empowering academic librarians for effective e-services: an assessment of
           Web 2.0 competency levels
    • First page: 263
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper was to assess the Web 2.0 competencies levels of academic librarians in selected libraries from two library consortia KLISC in Kenya and GAELIC in South Africa, and how these competencies can be sources of empowerment for the effective provision of e-services. As service organizations, academic libraries face challenges similar to those in other service sectors. One of the major challenges includes that of providing not only quality print resources but also quality e-services. Globally, academic librarians use various Web 2.0 technologies to engage with their library users and colleagues, and for their information work. Academic librarians are now more than ever expected to be empowered and build diverse voices, perspectives, and arguments into library collections and services. Most of the youths (academic library users) in developing countries like Kenya and South Africa are heavy users of Web 2.0 technologies. This presents a challenge for their academic librarians who must augment their traditional library skills with Web 2.0 technologies for provision of effective e-services. This study explores the interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 competencies for effective e-services. Design/methodology/approach Survey method of research was used to conduct the study. Purposive sampling was used to select a homogeneous sample of academic librarians and libraries that use the Web 2.0 technologies. An online questionnaire with both closed and open ended questions was used to collect data. The Web 2.0 competency levels were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. To achieve more robust findings and to illustrate the implications of Web 2.0 for librarian empowerment, the ATLAS.ti software was used to illustrate interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 technologies. The emerging codes and themes are presented in three network views. Findings The findings from the quantitative data indicate that the majority of the librarians have intermediate competency levels in Web 2.0 technologies. The findings from the qualitative data show that Web 2.0 tools and librarian empowerment can be used to illustrate interconnections in content collaboration tools, bookmarking tools and SNSs. Web 2.0 competencies can transform knowledge sharing activities, augment existing authoritative information service, foster interaction and market information products and services. This study redefines librarian empowerment through competency in Web 2.0 tools and new roles for effective e-services. Originality/value This paper proposes that librarian empowerment through Web 2.0 competencies is essential in augmenting traditional library skills and in providing effective e-services. This manuscript describes original work and is a re-submission EL-08-2015-0143.R1 due to expired deadline in this journal. Both authors approved the manuscript and this submission.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0200
       
  • Global research on information literacy: a bibliometric analysis from 2005
           to 2014
    • First page: 283
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper examines the literature published on information literacy (IL) from 2005 to 2014 and reveals key aspects of IL publication trends. Design/methodology/approach The study analyses the literature indexed in Web of Science Database on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 and employed the required bibliometric measures to analyze specific aspects of publishing trends. Findings The findings of the study reveal that increase in literature on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 is noticed. A high amount of annual growth of literature on information literacy is observed for the year of 2007, 2008 and 2011. “Pinto, M”, and The “University of Granada, Spain”, was productive author. Journal of Academic Librarianship was the most productive journal with 97 articles being published for the period. USA is the most contributing country. “Digital divide”, “media literacy”, “pedagogy”, “higher education”, and “critical thinking”, are current research topics in the information literacy domain. Originality/value The paper is very useful for researchers to learn about trends in the literature on information literacy, as well as possible areas for further research, and provides the names of the most productive authors, organizations, and countries, along with the most popular IL keywords.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0160
       
  • Authorship of Iranian chemistry articles: an actuarial approach
    • First page: 299
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this article is to apply some concepts of actuarial statistics to the authorship of Iranian ISI articles in the field of chemistry based on Price’s model. The study determines scientific birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, natural increase rate and life expectancy. Design/methodology/approach Price maintained that authors in each given period in any field fall into four categories including newcomers, transients, continuants, and terminators. He suggested that actuarial statistics could be applied to authorship to calculate death rate and birth rate in scientific fields. A total 25,573 articles written by 59,661 Iranian chemistry authors between 1973 and 2012 were downloaded from Web of Science and were subjected to statistical analysis. Findings The average birth rate was 66.7%, the average death rate was 19.4%, infant mortality rate was 51.2%, average natural increase was 47.3%, the average life expectancy was 1.98 years and the longest scientific age was 22 years. The results show that although a large number of people start their scientific activity, the number of those who terminate their activity in the same year as they start (infant mortality rate) is also large and little continuity exist in publishing activities of Iranian chemists. Research limitations/implications The findings have implications for the planning of human resources in science. They could help maintain a stable scientific labor force and decide for instance whether a larger number of scientists should be trained and hired or the barriers should be removed so the existing scientists can work for more years. The limitation is that the study is restricted to ISI articles while they are not the only kind of scientific output. Originality/value This is the first study of its kind on Iranian scientific output. It shows that the overall labor force in the field of chemistry in Iran was not satisfactory as the majority of authors in each period are transients. There is a need for better planning for the labor force.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0022
       
  • Digital preservation policies of the institutional repositories at
           Brazilian federal universities
    • First page: 311
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This article aims to verify the implementation of digital preservation policies at the institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities Design/methodology/approach The methodology used involved the verification of the information available in the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) and on the websites of the institutional repositories, in order to confirm the existence of published digital preservation policies. We used a sample of the 26 institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities registered with OpenDOAR, which represents 68% of these repositories. Findings The main conclusion is that the institutional repositories of these universities do not have any published digital preservation policies, even though some repositories state their intention of preserving digital material in their institutional information policy. Originality/value The stakeholders of institutional repositories need to implement a programme to guide their activities to preserve digital materials in the long-term. In fact, similarly to examples worldwide, this programme should take the form of an institutional commitment outlined in a digital preservation policy. Institutional repositories at Brazilian Federal Universities still have a long way to go in order to guarantee access to digital materials in the long-term.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0170
       
  • Student reading lists: evaluating the student experience at the University
           of Huddersfield
    • First page: 322
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose To evaluate the bespoke Resource List Management System (MyReading) at the University of Huddersfield. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was designed to assess student use of MyReading and their views on potential improvements. The survey used closed questions designed to obtain quantitative data. Thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data obtained from open questions to obtain. Findings The paper supports findings of another recent study which found that reading lists are perceived as more important by students than by lecturers. A variety of positive and negative themes emerged which pointed to this conclusion. Positive themes were: the perceived helpfulness of reading lists; students' view of MyReading as a starting point for independent further reading; ease of use of MyReading and the time saving afforded to students; the value students place on their reading lists as being "quality assured" by lecturers. Negative themes were: inconsistency in the length and structure of lists; concerns that some lists are not regularly updated; lack of awareness of functionality revealing training needs for students and lecturers; suggestions for future enhancements to MyReading. Another finding from the quantitative data is a clear link between low use of reading lists by students in certain Schools and low use of other library resources. Practical implications The research provides guidance to universities regarding future development of Resource List Management Systems and promotional and training needs. Originality/value The study adds rich information to the existing body of qualitative research on students' perceptions of their reading lists.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0252
       
  • A cyclical learning model to promote children’s online and on-site
           museum learning
    • First page: 333
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This study proposes an online and on-site cyclical learning model (OOCLM). It considers how combining digital applications can promote a museum’s virtuous learning cycle between online and on-site spaces for children. Design/methodology/approach A practical cyclical learning service has been successfully implemented in a science museum in Taiwan. This provides a thematic game-based learning environment, allowing all the children to create their unique museum experiences before, during and after their visit. A questionnaire was developed to examine the children’s perceptions of the OOCLM to ascertain whether they were satisfied with the pre-visit, on-site visit and post-visit services offered. Findings The learning model considered the contextual factors that influence digital applications in museums. The digital and physical resources are well-integrated and the museum’s online and on-site services are linked to effectively promote children’s cyclical learning. Practical implications The results show that most of the children highly appreciated the learning model. The model presents an interactive learning environment for children’s cyclical learning and repeat visits. Originality/value The OOCLM considers the related contextual influences of digital applications in museum learning it effectively bridges the museum’s online and on-site services to promote the museum’s virtuous learning cycle and long-term museum learning resource management. This study provides a benchmark example to develop sustainable cyclical learning services for target visitor groups, and to motivate their long-term interaction with the museum.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0021
       
  • We should be just a number and we should embrace it
    • First page: 348
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This viewpoint article supports the use of unique identifiers for the authors of scientific publications. This, we believe, aligns with the views of many others as it would solve the problem of author disambiguation. If every researcher had a unique identifier there would be significant opportunities to provide even more services. These extensions are proposed in this paper. Design/methodology/approach We discuss the bibliographic services that are currently available. This leads to a discussion of how these services could be developed and extended. Findings We suggest a number of ways that a unique identifier for scientific authors could support many other areas of importance to the scientific community. This will provide a much more robust system that provides a much richer, and more easily maintained, scientific environment. Originality/value The scientific community lags behind most other communities with regard to the way it identifies individuals. Even if the current vision for a unique identifier for authors were to become more widespread, there would still be many areas where the community could improve its operations. This viewpoint paper suggests some of these, along with a financial model that could underpin the functionality.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0090
       
  • Dynamic e-book guidance system for English reading with learning portfolio
           analysis
    • First page: 358
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Learners were provided with personalized and adaptive articles in a dynamic real-time manner, and to improve learners’ interest in and motivation for learning English through an appropriate e-book assistance mechanism, thus increasing their English reading comprehension skills. Design/methodology/approach In addition to their general auxiliary functions, the e-books were designed to provide other relevant auxiliary functions to meet the English reading learning requirements that arise. The e-book was also equipped with a personalized reading guidance and assistance mechanism for conducting systematic assessments and calculations on the basis of the learner's reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and connections between articles. Findings The personalized reading guidance and assistance strategy, which provided articles in line with the learners’ personal abilities and presented the articles in a correlated method, facilitated learners’ progressive learning and improved their reading comprehension abilities. Learners’ confidence and satisfaction toward English reading can be improved effectively through adaptive guidance. Originality/value A real-time and dynamic reading guidance strategy was established in this study by considering the learner’s reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and the connections between articles.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0221
       
  • Library performance evaluation in a dynamic environment using patron
           satisfaction
    • First page: 374
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Purpose of this paper: the purpose of this article is to propose a new model for studying the patron’s satisfaction level over time for library systems. For this purpose, it is necessary to identify key factors that are influential in nature. Thereafter, this paper explains and demonstrates the procedure used for developing the casual loop diagram, the flow diagram, mathematical modeling, and the simulation of the problem. A sample problem is used to show the applicability of the proposed model. Due to the fact that the proposed methodology allows management to look into the patrons’ satisfaction level over time, it makes a significant contribution to the literature of the library and information management as well as dynamic simulation modeling. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach: This paper is written based upon the researches and observations from scientific journals and reports. For model development purposes, this author has employed the concept of systems thinking and system dynamics to model the complex systems and simulate that using Vensim computer simulation software. Findings Findings: As the trend of patron’s satisfaction shows, it is possible to improve the satisfaction level over time to a level above 60% from 48% over the simulation running periods. Meanwhile, the level of donation is up from 10 percent to 40 percent in the same period as the satisfaction level has been studied. Since this is the first article that looks into such important variables over time using system dynamics, it makes significant contribution to the field of library and information management. Originality/value What is original/value of paper: In almost all library models for patron’s satisfaction calculation, th proposed models are static and can find this value for a point of time rather than over a long period of time. In this article, a system with an initial value of patron’s satisfaction level was employed and by taking all key factors into consideration, author has developed a system that calculate patron’s satisfaction trend over time. Also, the proposed dynamic model is able to determine the level of donations that patrons can make to the library over time.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2015-0022
       
  • Big Data, Little Data: Scholarship in the Networked World
    • Pages: 391 - 391
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 391-391, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:20:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2016-0222
       
  • The Complete Guide to Using Google in Libraries. Volume 2: Research, User
           Applications, and Networking
    • Pages: 392 - 392
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 392-392, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:20:11Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0245
       
  • Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic
    • Pages: 393 - 393
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 393-393, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:18:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0039
       
 
 
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