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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.799]   [H-I: 23]   [845 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Talking about tags: an exploratory study of librarians’ perception
           and use of social tagging in a public library
    • Authors: Lucy Clements, Chern Li Liew
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose While examining subject headings and tags is a popular research topic, most studies focus on comparing user assigned tags and professional subject heading. Studies that compare Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) to user-assigned tags, for instance dominate the literature. However little research has involved an examination on how and to what extent these features are actually used by library staff. This study adds to the body of knowledge. It focuses on how librarians perceive and use tags. By focusing on people’s perceptions rather than simply comparing social tags and formal subject headings, new insights can be collected. Design/methodology/approach This research collects data through semi-structured interviews conducted with twelve library staff from various roles and locations throughout Auckland Libraries. Findings The research findings show that while social tags have been adopted and used in their work by the majority of library staff interviewed, there remains resistance to using them. Some library staff preferred the traditional hierarchical subject headings found in the traditional catalogue. A general lack of awareness about tag functions and features is also evident among the staff interviewed. Originality/value The research focus is unique because it examines this phenomenon in a public library setting rather than in academic libraries, an area that is rarely examined in the literature.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2014-0216
  • Use of social media by science students in public universities in
           Southwest Nigeria
    • Authors: Joseph Kehinde Fasae, Idowu Adegbilero-Iwari
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose The study investigates the use of social media for academic practices by science students of public universities in South-West, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach Descriptive design was used for the study. Research instrument employed was questionnaire where 140 copies were administered to science students, using purposive sampling technique. Three institutions in South-West of Nigeria were selected for the study. Copies of the questionnaire were distributed to students in their lecture rooms and laboratories during practical classes with the permission and assistance of their lecturers. The data collected were analysed using frequency and simple percentage. Findings The results reveal that, among the various social media networks available, Facebook (93.48%) is the most recognized and most famous, followed by Google+ (63.77%), and Twitter (47.83%). Two-third of the students make use of social media daily to remain up-to-date with trending events/news, and to occupy free time when they are bored, among other reasons. The findings show that Google+ (52.17%), is the most beneficial social media network followed by Facebook (29.7%) and Wikia (23.91%). Most of the science students are knowledgeable in the usage and application of social media while majority of them considered poor Internet connectivity, receiving of unwanted messages/pictures and electricity failure as the leading problems encountered while using social media. Originality/value The study was necessary to identify the use and application of social media by science students in public universities, south-west, Nigeria.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2014-0205
  • Integrated library management systems: comparative analysis of Koha,
           Libsys, NewGenLib, and Virtua
    • Authors: Margam Madhusudhan, Vikas Singh
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of the paper is to analyze the various features and functions of Koha, Libsys, NewGenLib and Virtua with the help of specially designed evaluation checklist and rank them based on features/functions of ILMS. Design/methodology/approach The evaluation approach taken in this study is similar to that of Singh and Sanaman (2012) and Madhusudhan and Shalini (2014) with minor modifications, comprising of 306 features/ functions and categorized as ten broad categories Findings The study explores different features of Open Source and Commercial ILMS, which reveals that Virtua got highest total score of 218 (77.86 per cent), followed by Koha ILMS with 204 score (72.86 per cent). Interestingly, NewGenLib got lowest total score i.e. 163 (58.21per cent). ILMS under study are lagging behind in exploiting the full potential of the Web 2.0 features including cloud computing features and needs to be addressed in their future development. Practical implications It is hoped that both the open source and commercial software will attend to the lacunae and soon develop fully functional Web 2.0 / 3.0 and cloud based technologies. Originality/value The findings of the study will not only guide the librarians in the selection of a good ILMS which can cater to the needs of their libraries, but also abreast the knowledge of evaluation of ILMS for the students of Library and Information Science. And ILMS vendors to know the limitations of their ILMS, so that they can overcome the limitations faced by users and improve their products.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0127
  • Acceptance of mobile advertising by consumers in public service
           institutions in Lagos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Williams Ezinwa Nwagwu, Bunmi Famiyesin
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose This paper investigated the acceptance of mobile advertising by consumers in public service institutions in Lagos Nigeria from the perspective of non-permission based nature of advertising practice in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach Guided by the theory of reasoned action, data was collected from 389 respondents in a sample survey using a structured questionnaire, and the variables were measured on ordinal scale. Findings The respondents reported that the mobile advertising is informative; they also strongly agreed that the media is ubiquitous but irritating. Attitude of consumers towards mobile advertising, behavioural control and subjective norm have correlations with acceptance. Irritation and informativeness significantly and positively predicted acceptance of mobile advertising, while credibility and ubiquity predicted acceptance of the technology negatively. Age has a negative relationship with acceptance; gender (male =1) and tertiary education all have significant relationship with acceptance of mobile advertising just as marital status. Research limitations/implications The study focused only on public service mobile consumers in Lagos, Nigeria. Practical implications Practical implications: Mobile adverts are ubiquitous in Nigeria, but consumers do not trust or use the adverts although they consider them informative. The telecomm regulatory body needs to control deployment of mobile technologies for produce and service ads so that ads will be subject to individual choices and discretion, and thereby reducing the ubiquity and increase the trust consumers have on the strategy. Originality/value There is no study focusing on the acceptance of this ad strategy in the public service sector in Nigeria
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2014-0169
  • Applying the DEMATEL approach to identify the focus of library service
           quality: a case study of a Taiwanese academic library
    • Authors: Yen-Ting Chen
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose This paper applied the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) to validate the service factors of an academic library. Design/methodology/approach First, the service criteria were extracted from the SERVQUAL model and then their values were examined in the user’s mind. Second, the DEMATEL was applied to estimate the importance of the criteria and identify the causal factors. Next, an empirical study was conducted to demonstrate and validate the proposed approach. Finally, this paper offers some practical suggestions for academic libraries based on the analysis. Findings According to the analysis results, 'Empathy' is the causal factor in the cause-effect diagram; i.e., the library should pay more attentions to 'Empathy' rather than ‘Reliability’, 'Responsiveness' and 'Assurance' factors. Originality/value DEMATEL is a useful tool to identify the prominence and relationship of service factors; the evaluation is easy to apply and has not been used before in the discussion of library service. This paper provides an alternative for libraries to sort out the priorities of service improvement. The correspondence improvement can be addressed based on the causal analysis to make notable enhancement in service quality.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:51Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0134
  • Comparing collaborative annotations on books between libraries and social
           community sites: a case study
    • Authors: Dan Wu, Xiaomei Xu, Wenting Yu
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose Based on the study of overall situation of the tagging function in the provincial public libraries and library of major colleges and universities, this paper aims to examine the difference of tagging behavior of its users in library and social community sites. We also want to understand the causes of a variety of annotation behavior in social community sites and libraries. Design/methodology/approach We collected all system log data of tags, comments and ratings users added in Wuhan University library, and then we found the tags, comments and rating of corresponding books in Douban. Then we did questionnaire survey to the Wuhan University students. Findings We found that the annotation service in the library is not perfect as that in social community site. Enthusiasm of users annotating books in the library is far less high than that on the social community sites. Lack of understanding of the annotation service is the main reason why users are not concerned or do not use the tagging service. But users have the needs of the organization of personal information in the library using tags. Originality/value This article investigate the library users behavior in the using library OPAC course and compared the difference of annotation behavior between in library and social community site.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2014-0171
  • Effectiveness of Google keyword suggestion on users' relevance judgment: a
           mixed method approach to query expansion
    • Authors: Rahmatollah Fattahi, Mehri Parirokh, Mohammd Hosien Dayyani, Abdorasoul Khosravi, Mojgan Zareivenovel
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose One of the most effective ways IR systems including Web search engines can improve relevance performance is to provide their users with tools for facilitating query expansion. Search engines such as Google provide users with keyword suggest tools. This study aims at investigating users' criteria in relevance judgment regarding Google's keywords suggest tool and to see how such keywords would lead to more relevant results from the viewpoint of users. Design/methodology/approach Through a mixed method approach quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 60 postgraduate students at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran using four different instruments (questionnaire, thinking aloud technique, query logs, and interviews). Findings Among other criteria the "relation between suggested keywords and the information need" (with the mean rate of 3.53 out of four) was considered the most important by searchers in selecting suggested keywords for query expansion. Also the "relation between suggested Keywords and the retrieved items" (with the mean rate of 3.62) was considered the second most important criterion in judging the relevance of the retrieved results. The participants agreed that the suggested keywords by Google improved the retrieval relevance. The content analysis of the participants' aloud-thinking sessions and the interviews approved such findings. Originality/value This research makes a contribution to the need of designers of IR systems regarding the use of add words for query expansion. It also helps librarians how to instruct searchers with expanding their queries to retrieve more relevant results. Another contribution of the study is the identification of a number of new relevance judgment criteria for web-based environments.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0035
  • Early warning of risks of copyright infringement in a digital library
           based on extension theory
    • Authors: Chan Li, Wen-De Zhang, Yi-Xin Lan
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose The main aim of this study is to evaluate the potential risks of copyright infringement in digital library based on the extension theory. Design/methodology/approach At first, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is employed to determine the weights of the existing indicator system for early warning. Secondly, a model is built to evaluate the potential risks of copyright infringement based on the extension theory in digital library. Finally, a real-world application is presented to show the effectiveness and usefulness of our approach. Findings The main findings of this paper are as follows: (1) the early warning extension theory model is effective in distinguishing the degree of the potential risks of copyright infringement in digital library; (2) the ranges of the value and the values of the indicators can directly affect the results while using this approach, so the accuracy of these two aspects is a crucial question. Originality/value This paper introduces the evaluation of the potential risks of copyright infringement based on the extension theory in digital library. The results provide support for the decision makers in handling the potential risks of copyright infringement in digital library.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2014-0064
  • National libraries and regional cooperations: a framework for ECO national
    • Authors: Azam Najafqolinejad, Mohammad Hassanzadeh
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose In this paper, cultural integration, the role of national libraries in regional and international cooperation, ECO national libraries' barriers of cooperation, drivers of their cooperation have been studied and a framework (conceptual and operational) has been proposed for their cooperation. Design/methodology/approach Data collection tool of this survey was a researcher-made questionnaire, sent to 30 individuals and experts involved in cooperation of ECO National Libraries from 8 institutions. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach's alpha. It was. /91. In this study, for awareness of activities between ECO national libraries and extraction of drivers, some documents were studied and preliminary data were collected by informal interviews with meeting stakeholders and participants. Findings The lack of stability in management positions was one of the major barriers in cooperation of the ECO national libraries. Other major obstacles in this context were: lack of continuous communication, lack of common protocols and standards, lack of planning, lack of a central coordinating organization, bureaucracy and etc. Geographical proximity, common history and heritage, common resources, Islamic and cultural factors, importance of information and knowledge, requirements of the international system and political and security requirements were considered as drivers. An information center was proposed for their active cooperation. Iran is better to host the information center. Originality/value National libraries as the scientific and cultural memory of nations and heirs of written heritage should cooperate and share their valuable scientific and cultural heritage to the future generations.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2014-0118
  • Factors affecting the implementation of Web 2.0 applications in Omani
           academic libraries
    • Authors: Rahma Al-Kharousi, Naeema H Jabr, Abdelmajed Bouazza, Nabhan Al-Harrasi
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 2, April 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the different factors that affect using web 2.0 applications in Omani academic libraries Design/methodology/approach Twenty nine interviews with directors and library staff of five Omani Academic Libraries were conducted for the purpose of collecting data for the current research. Findings The results indicated that there are nine internal factors and 4 external factors that affect using Web 2.0 applications in OALs. Internal factors include the low motivation of directors and library staff regarding using of Web 2.0 applications, lack of training, and constant changes in the management structure. Meanwhile, the external factors are related to lack of policy and regulations and weakness and low speed of the internet. Research limitations/implications Practical implications Most academic libraries in Oman have not yet adopted Web 2.0 applications to enhance their services. Therefore, this study intends to open insight into the state of Web 2.0 adoption in academic libraries and will help library managers to understand factors facing the use of Web 2.0 applications in their libraries, and this could signal a basis for policy shift in the internet infrastructure especially in the institutions of the higher education. Originality/value This research is the first study in the field of Web 2.0 applications in Omani academic libraries that investigates the factors affecting the use of Web 2.0 applications in academic libraries in general and in Omani academic libraries specifically.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-02-12T12:19:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2014-0101
  • Designing a Successful KM Strategy: A Guide for the Knowledge Management
    • Pages: 169 - 171
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 169-171, February 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-01-20T08:40:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0131
  • Marketing the 21st Century Library: The Time is Now
    • Pages: 171 - 172
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 171-172, February 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-01-20T08:39:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0153
  • Social Media Strategies for Dynamic Library Service Development
    • Pages: 172 - 173
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 172-173, February 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-01-20T08:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0155
  • The Top Technologies Every Librarian Should Know: A LITA Guide
    • Pages: 173 - 174
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 173-174, February 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-01-20T08:40:16Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0159
  • Library Analytics and Metrics: Using Data to Drive Decisions and Services
    • Pages: 174 - 175
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, Page 174-175, February 2016.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2016-01-20T08:39:00Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0168
  • Conceptualization of science using collaboration and competences
    • Authors: Mario Karlovcec, Dunja Mladenic, Marko Grobelnik, Mitja Jermol
      First page: 2
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to propose an approach for conceptualizing science based on collaboration and competences of researchers. Design/methodology/approach The research is conducted by exploratory analysis of collaboration and competences using case-studies from humanistic, engineering, natural sciences and a general topic. Findings Our findings show that by applying the proposed approach on bibliographic data that readily exists for many national sciences as well as for international scientific communities, we can obtain useful new insights into the research. The approach is demonstrated with the following exploratory findings: (1) Identification of important connections and individual researchers that connect the community of anthropologist. (2) Collaboration of technical scientists in the community of anthropologist caused by an interdisciplinary research project. (3) Connectivity, interdisciplinary and structure of artificial intelligence, nanotechnology and a community based on a general topic. (4) Identifying research interest shift described with concretization and topic-shift. Practical implications As demonstrated with the practical implementation (, user can obtain the information of most relevant competences of a researcher and his most important collaborators. It is possible to obtaining researchers, community structure and competences a of an arbitrary research topic. Originality/value Originality and value of the paper is in combining text (competences) and network (research collaboration and co-authoring) approaches for exploring science. Addition value give the results of analysis that demonstrate the approach.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2014-0015
  • Survey of selected U.S. academic library consortia: a descriptive study
    • Authors: Saleh A. Al-Baridi
      First page: 24
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop and present a working model for consortia of academic libraries in Saudi Arabia. It is based on the American model of consortia operating at all levels, including local, state and region. The American consortia are highly developed, functional and have a large membership of small, medium and large size libraries and are good models to be followed by other countries. Design/methodology/approach An email survey questionnaire (with 7 closed-ended and 4 open-ended questions) was distributed to 10 selected U.S. academic library consortia to obtain relevant information on various operational facets and policies they have adopted. Findings The survey results will provide useful information to help develop a workable consortia model for Saudi Arabia. If implemented successfully, the Saudi model is expected to motivate other library groups at provincial and national levels in Saudi Arabia and regional level in the Arabian Gulf Region. Research limitations/implications The survey is aimed at gathering relevant information about the experiences of 10 selected U.S. academic libraries as members of various consortia. Originality/value While the project will start with academic libraries only, but may open membership for other libraries not only in Saudi Arabia, but also for libraries of the GCC countries. The other scenario could be that instead of joining Saudi consortia, the libraries may decide to develop their own consortia.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2014-0153
  • Science teachers and interactive video retrieval
    • Authors: Dan Albertson, Melissa P. Johnston
      First page: 42
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose The objective of the present study is to examine how the interactions and perceptions of users from a defined domain, i.e. science education, vary across different groups of teachers while retrieving video. Given the prevalence of digital resources in use in education today, it is critical to assess users’ perspectives and experiences for retrieving information across different contexts and user groups. Design/methodology/approach Interactive search experiments with 28 users were performed. A pre-experiment questionnaire collected the demographic information used to form groups for comparison in the present study. Users attempted six experimenter-developed topics using a prototype video retrieval system; experimental measures were recorded, including all actions, completion rates, errors, and durations. Users rated their experiences and levels of satisfaction with different aspect of the system after each search topic. Data analyses included mean comparisons across the different groups. Findings A variety of influences emerged from the results, including significant variations among teachers’ interactions, levels of satisfaction, and expectations across different groups of users. Research limitations/implications Understanding the interactions and perceptions when retrieving digital video provides insights for information professionals on how to better support the needs of different users. If systems are not taking into account users and context, there can be a mismatch between the needs of users and interactive systems, which can lead to low perceptions and further underuse of digital resources. Originality/value While similar influences on digital libraries have been analyzed in other contexts, they have not been directly assessed as they specifically pertain to experiences with and perceptions of video.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2014-0198
  • Integrating ISSM into TAM to enhance digital library services: a case
           study of the Taiwan Digital Meta-Library
    • Authors: Jui-Fang Chang, Jung-Fang Chen, Cheng-Wan Kao, Yueh-Min Huang
      First page: 58
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose This study proposed a new model by incorporating Information System Success Model (ISSM) into Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) with “attitude toward using” as the connection variable. The new model is then adopted to analyze and investigate empirical data and develop relevant factors which affect the personal usage behavior and net benefits for National Central Library in Taiwan to enhance digital library services. The research results can benefit future establishment and design of library information system or improvement of website service procedures. Design/methodology/approach This study selected National Central Library Taiwan Digital Meta-Library as the research theme, and used stratified convenience sampling to perform interviews in various colleges and universities in the southern Taiwan. A total of 264 valid questionnaires were returned, and this study used Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) to perform analyses. Findings The results reveals that attitude toward using is significantly and positively affected by perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and user satisfaction. However, service quality of information system and personal net benefits do not have a significant and positive effect on attitude toward using, while they have an indirect and significant effect on attitude toward using through user satisfaction. Based on the results above, “user satisfaction” is the critical factor affecting the attitude toward using. Therefore, to strengthen users’ positive attitude toward using, the factor of user satisfaction is a key for enhancing digital library service. Originality/value This study constructed the “New Technology Information Assessment Model” as the reference for improving practical assessment. Moreover, this study also proposed the suggestions concerning digital library information services.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2014-0016
  • Effect of gender on collaborative associations of researchers in Malaysia
    • Authors: Sameer Kumar
      First page: 74
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose This study aims to find the level of gender based assortativity in the association of researchers and investigate if gender has influence over social capital of researchers and their research performance in the context of a multi-ethnic nation, such as Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach Social network analysis is used as a primary research method to analyse the associations between the authors. Mann-Whitney test is used for testing the significant difference in research performance and social capital based on gender. Findings The assortative mixing patterns of 187 researchers revealed positive assortativity, meaning that more authors preferred to co-author with authors of their gender. No influence of gender was seen on the social capital of authors. However, gender did significantly influence the research productivity of authors. Originality/value This is one of the first studies that attempts to find the influence of gender on collaborative associations of researchers in Malaysia.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:58Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2014-0162
  • A longitudinal study of information needs and search behaviors in science
           and technology: a query analysis
    • Authors: Minsoo Park, Tae-seok Lee
      First page: 83
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose This study aims at a longitudinal understanding of the user-system interactions from the context of science and technology at a query level. Design/methodology/approach We quantitatively analyzed log datasets culled from more than 24,820,416 queries submitted by users of a national scientific and technical information system, collected in 2008-2011. Findings In the fields of science and technology, the user search behaviors and patterns have remained stable. User queries are short and simple. 80% of the queries are made up of 1-3 terms. The length of query on a scholarly information system in the fields of science and technology is different from that of Web search. The former is longer than the latter. Search topics have shifted fast. “FUEL BATTERY”, “NANO”, “OLED”, “CAR”, “ROBOT”, and “SMARTPHONE” were high-ranked queries from 2008 to 2011. It was found that the time to determine whether the users will stay on the site took about 10 seconds on average from the time of visit. If the users viewed the results of a list generated by the search query and took any action, such as detailed view, export, or full-text download, most of them stayed more than 10 minutes on average. Originality/value Longitudinal user research using a query analysis helps to understand the information needs and behavioral patterns of users on information systems related to a specific field and those based on the Web. It also brings insights into the past, present, and future events of a field. In other words, it plays a role as a mirror that reflects the flow of time. In the long run, it will be an historic asset. In the future, user studies using a query analysis need to be carried out from various (e.g., social, cultural, or other academic disciplines) long-term perspectives on a continuous basis.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2014-0058
  • Get lost in the library? An innovative application of augmented
           reality and indoor positioning technologies
    • Authors: Tien-Chi Huang, Yu Shu, Ting-Chieh Yeh, Pei-Ya Zeng
      First page: 99
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose Many libraries are spacious and with a rich collection of books, the problem a newcomer may encounter in the wide library is spatial unawareness. In addition, people new to a particular field of study often encounter the problem of learning domain unawareness. How to establish an information system to aid users to enhance the effectiveness of self-regulated learning, and solving the problem of learning domain unawareness are the purpose of this study. Design/methodology/approach This paper presents an overview of self-regulated learning theory firstly. We realize the essential principles of self-regulated learning model in the library, and developed a learning system that utilizes the concept of combining mobile augmented reality (AR), indoor navigation and data mining algorithms. Findings The proposed NODE system utilizes augmented reality and innovative indoor positioning technology to fulfill the goal of navigation inside a library, and solve the problems of spatial and learning domain unawareness. On the one hand, the system allows peers to communicate asynchronously to create a cloud-based information sharing community; the dual-track terminal (the website and the app interfaces) in the system could provide both educational functionalities and mobility for readers. On the other hand, AR navigation function integrates the information of reading paths, the real space locations, real-time dynamic information, book introductions, and readers’ comments to help readers have access to the topic-related books efficiently. Practical implications We found that although the library provides the floor plan and signs, such passive and fixed indication may cause spatial unawareness. People need system to show the bookshelf location and dynamic direction indicators when they walk in the wide library. However, most existing library information systems only provide readers with the function of book search, including which floor the book is on, call number, and check-out status. In this sense, we proposes that self-regulated learning theory integrated the new innovation technology is the solution for the above issues. Originality/value The system developed in this study, while viewing the real scenes inside the library through camera lens, provides related virtual educational information services and learning paths on screen and guides the public to do systematic self-regulated learning. With the functions of the “learning topic” and “knowledge sharing,” the learning system promotes the general public to self-monitor their learning progress and to use the sharing mechanism as the system structure to solve the two main problems of spatial unawareness and domain unawareness in learning in libraries, creating a truly innovative people-centered library information system.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0148
  • Information skills training through mobile devices: practical applications
           of QR codes in academic libraries
    • First page: 116
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to examine the use of different mobile devices by libraries to develop programs for information skills training, focusing on the application of QR codes for such a purpose Design/methodology/approach The study was developed in two stages; primarily an analysis of the literature was conducted to determine the theoretical framework underlying the use of this tool for information literacy. The second part examined the practical application of this tool, with examples of several university libraries. Thirteen academic libraries were included on the sample, which were chosen randomly from a global search on the Internet under the thematic basis for the theme of the study and thus evaluate the different employment opportunities of mobile telephony in developing skills information on users. The study is complemented with an assessment from the practice of the applicability of the principles described, arriving at conclusions and recommendations. Findings The purpose of the study is to recognize the use given to mobile technologies from libraries, particularly the use of QR codes, in order to help meet the demands of users in relation to skills training information, just as you may have the need Originality/value The benefits of the use of mobile devices for the development of information literacy actions are identified and the set of actions that can be implemented for training information skills through the use of QR codes are set based in all outlined by the Association of College and Research Libraries goals (ACRL)
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2014-0061
  • Defining Web 3.0: opportunities and challenges
    • Authors: Riaan Rudman, Rikus Bruwer
      First page: 132
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to define Web 3.0 and discuss the underlying technologies, identify new opportunities and highlight potential challenges that are associated with the evolution to Web 3.0 technologies. Design/methodology/approach A non-empirical study reviewing papers published in accredited research journals, articles and whitepapers and websites was conducted. In order to add scientific rigour to a literature review, a four stage approach as suggested by Sylvester et al. (2011) was employed. Findings The World Wide Web (henceforth referred to as the Web), is recognised as the fastest growing publication medium of all time. In order to stay competitive it is crucial to stay up to date with technological trends. The Web matures in its own unique way. From the static informative characteristics of Web 1.0, it progressed into the interactive experience Web 2.0 provides. The next phase of Web evolution, Web 3.0, is already in progress. Web 3.0 entails an integrated Web experience where the machine will be able to understand and catalogue data in a manner similar to humans. This will facilitate a world wide data warehouse where any format of data can be shared and understood by any device over any network. The evolution of the Web will bring forth new opportunities as well as challenges. Opportunities identified can mainly be characterised as the autonomous integration of data and services which increases the pre-existing capabilities of Web services, as well as the creation of new functionalities. The challenges mainly concern unauthorised access and manipulation of data; autonomous initiation of actions, and the development of harmful scripts and languages. Research limitations/implications N/A Practical implications The findings will assist data managers to identify future opportunities while considering negative impacts as well as understanding the underlying technologies associated with the structure and storage of electronic information. The research will assist anyone in the data and information management industry to identify opportunities and mitigate risk. Originality/value Many organisations were caught off guard by the evolution of the Web to Web 2.0. Organisations, and in particular anyone in the data and information management industry, need to be ready, and acquire knowledge about the opportunities and challenges arising from Web 3.0 technologies.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2014-0140
  • SAFQuery: a simple and flexible advanced web search interface
    • Authors: Wei-Chao Lin, Shih-Wen Ke, Chih-Fong Tsai
      First page: 155
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 34, Issue 1, February 2016.
      Purpose In many existing Web search interfaces, simple and advanced query processes are treated separately that cannot be issued interchangeably. In addition, after several rounds of queries for specific information need(s) it is possible that users might wish to re-examine the retrieval results corresponding to some previous queries or to slightly modify some of the specific queries issued before. However, it is often hard to remember what queries have been issued. These factors make the current Web search process not very simple or flexible. To this end, we introduce a prototype system, which we call SAFQuery (Simple And Flexible Query interface). Design/methodology/approach In SAFQuery, the simple and advanced query strategies are integrated into a single interface, which can easily formulate query specifications when needed in the same interface. Moreover, query history information is provided that displays the past query specifications, which can help with the memory load. Findings Our experiments by user evaluation show that most users had a positive experience when using SAFQuery. Specifically, it is easy to use and can simplify the Web search task. Originality/value The proposed prototype system provides simple and flexible Web search strategies. Particularly, it allows users to easily issue simple and advanced queries based on one single query interface, interchangeably. In addition, Users can easily input previously issued queries without spending time to recall what the queries are and/or to re-type previous queries.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2015-12-15T12:13:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2014-0207
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