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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
  [SJR: 0.543]   [H-I: 26]   [903 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Understanding Chinese users’ switching behaviour of cloud storage
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This research aims to explore the switching intention and behavior of Cloud Storage Services (CSS) individual users in China by integrating the variables of switching cost and habit into the Expectation Disconfirmation Theory. Design/methodology/approach Based on 419 valid responses, structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the research model. Findings The results indicated that perceived usefulness and expectation disconfirmation have a positive and negative effect on user satisfaction respectively. While expectation disconfirmation has a negative impact on perceived usefulness, user satisfaction positively affects users’ habit and switching cost. At the same time, switching intention is affected significantly and negatively by perceived usefulness, user satisfaction, as well as switching cost, where in switching intention and habit can commendably predict switching behavior. The results can guide for CSS providers on how to successfully retain users in the competitive CSS market. Originality/value Previous researches have investigated the effects of perceived usefulness, switching cost and user traits on CSS adoption and continuance intention, as well as behavior, they neglected the antecedents of switching cost and the effect of user habit on them. Additionally, relatively few studies have been devoted to an empirical examination of the switching behavior from a particular CSS product to its rival products at the individual user level. This research tries to fill these gaps.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0080
  • Global research on information literacy: a bibliometric analysis from 2005
           to 2014
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper examines the literature published on information literacy (IL) from 2005 to 2014 and reveals key aspects of IL publication trends. Design/methodology/approach The study analyses the literature indexed in Web of Science Database on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 and employed the required bibliometric measures to analyze specific aspects of publishing trends. Findings The findings of the study reveal that increase in literature on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 is noticed. A high amount of annual growth of literature on information literacy is observed for the year of 2007, 2008 and 2011. “Pinto, M”, and The “University of Granada, Spain”, was productive author. Journal of Academic Librarianship was the most productive journal with 97 articles being published for the period. USA is the most contributing country. “Digital divide”, “media literacy”, “pedagogy”, “higher education”, and “critical thinking”, are current research topics in the information literacy domain. Originality/value The paper is very useful for researchers to learn about trends in the literature on information literacy, as well as possible areas for further research, and provides the names of the most productive authors, organizations, and countries, along with the most popular IL keywords.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0160
  • Digital preservation policies of the institutional repositories at
           Brazilian federal universities
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This article aims to verify the implementation of digital preservation policies at the institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities Design/methodology/approach The methodology used involved the verification of the information available in the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) and on the websites of the institutional repositories, in order to confirm the existence of published digital preservation policies. We used a sample of the 26 institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities registered with OpenDOAR, which represents 68% of these repositories. Findings The main conclusion is that the institutional repositories of these universities do not have any published digital preservation policies, even though some repositories state their intention of preserving digital material in their institutional information policy. Originality/value The stakeholders of institutional repositories need to implement a programme to guide their activities to preserve digital materials in the long-term. In fact, similarly to examples worldwide, this programme should take the form of an institutional commitment outlined in a digital preservation policy. Institutional repositories at Brazilian Federal Universities still have a long way to go in order to guarantee access to digital materials in the long-term.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0170
  • Empowering academic librarians for effective e-services: an assessment of
           Web 2.0 competency levels
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper was to assess the Web 2.0 competencies levels of academic librarians in selected libraries from two library consortia KLISC in Kenya and GAELIC in South Africa, and how these competencies can be sources of empowerment for the effective provision of e-services. As service organizations, academic libraries face challenges similar to those in other service sectors. One of the major challenges includes that of providing not only quality print resources but also quality e-services. Globally, academic librarians use various Web 2.0 technologies to engage with their library users and colleagues, and for their information work. Academic librarians are now more than ever expected to be empowered and build diverse voices, perspectives, and arguments into library collections and services. Most of the youths (academic library users) in developing countries like Kenya and South Africa are heavy users of Web 2.0 technologies. This presents a challenge for their academic librarians who must augment their traditional library skills with Web 2.0 technologies for provision of effective e-services. This study explores the interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 competencies for effective e-services. Design/methodology/approach Survey method of research was used to conduct the study. Purposive sampling was used to select a homogeneous sample of academic librarians and libraries that use the Web 2.0 technologies. An online questionnaire with both closed and open ended questions was used to collect data. The Web 2.0 competency levels were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. To achieve more robust findings and to illustrate the implications of Web 2.0 for librarian empowerment, the ATLAS.ti software was used to illustrate interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 technologies. The emerging codes and themes are presented in three network views. Findings The findings from the quantitative data indicate that the majority of the librarians have intermediate competency levels in Web 2.0 technologies. The findings from the qualitative data show that Web 2.0 tools and librarian empowerment can be used to illustrate interconnections in content collaboration tools, bookmarking tools and SNSs. Web 2.0 competencies can transform knowledge sharing activities, augment existing authoritative information service, foster interaction and market information products and services. This study redefines librarian empowerment through competency in Web 2.0 tools and new roles for effective e-services. Originality/value This paper proposes that librarian empowerment through Web 2.0 competencies is essential in augmenting traditional library skills and in providing effective e-services. This manuscript describes original work and is a re-submission EL-08-2015-0143.R1 due to expired deadline in this journal. Both authors approved the manuscript and this submission.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0200
  • Information seeking behaviour of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The present research has been conducted in order to compare information-seeking behavior of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in Iran. Design/methodology/approach The study sample consisted of 375 saffron farmers (295 ordinary and 80 elite saffron farmers) whom were selected through use of cluster sampling method. Data were collected by a kind of researcher-made questionnaire. Findings The results showed saffron onion, pesticides and cultivators, and farmland worker were the main components of saffron farmers’ information seeking behavior of both groups. The most important sources of information for both groups included reference to past experience, neighboring saffron farmers, contact with informants, and other family members. The main criteria which affected the behavior of the two groups on the use of information sources were provided information in local language, native people, clear and intelligible information, and low cost. Farmers were also confronted with common problems such as lack of attention to the needs of farmers, and insufficient number of technical experts. It was also found that there was no significant relationship between information seeking behavior of elite and ordinary saffron farmers and their performance. Originality/value Saffron is one of the most important agricultural export products in Iran and this paper is the first research in this subject and the paper results can develop information seeking behaviour of farmers.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0048
  • We should be just a number and we should embrace it
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This viewpoint article supports the use of unique identifiers for the authors of scientific publications. This, we believe, aligns with the views of many others as it would solve the problem of author disambiguation. If every researcher had a unique identifier there would be significant opportunities to provide even more services. These extensions are proposed in this paper. Design/methodology/approach We discuss the bibliographic services that are currently available. This leads to a discussion of how these services could be developed and extended. Findings We suggest a number of ways that a unique identifier for scientific authors could support many other areas of importance to the scientific community. This will provide a much more robust system that provides a much richer, and more easily maintained, scientific environment. Originality/value The scientific community lags behind most other communities with regard to the way it identifies individuals. Even if the current vision for a unique identifier for authors were to become more widespread, there would still be many areas where the community could improve its operations. This viewpoint paper suggests some of these, along with a financial model that could underpin the functionality.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0090
  • Adolescents’ social reading: motivation, behaviour, and their
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Using the case of reading via WeChat in China, this study aims to explore adolescents’ social reading motivation and behavior. It also examines how the specific dimensions of reading motivation contribute to the different aspects of social reading behavior. Design/methodology/approach This study utilized survey approach, which gathered 1039 valid responses from a cluster sampling in 14 middle and high schools in Shanghai, China. Findings The results indicated that social reading motivation was a multidimensional construct, which included the dimensions of Social Interaction, Self-Development, Peer Recognition, Information Acquisition, Personal Interests, and Time Killing. The research also found that different motivational dimensions exerted different influences on adolescents’ social reading activities. Specifically, the motivations of Time Killing and Self-Development are significant predictors of both the Reading Act and Socializing Act. However, Information Acquisition and Personal Interests were significant predictors only of the Reading Act, while Social Interaction and Peer Recognition significantly predicted the Socializing Act. Research limitations/implications The findings would be valuable for those who develop reading programs or administer adolescents’ reading practice. This study can help them understand the complexity of adolescents’ social reading motivation and distinguish between its different dimensions. Originality/value The study provides important insights into the nature of adolescents’ social reading motivation and how it relates to their social reading behavior. It not only confirmed the multidimensionality of social reading motivation as a construct, but also expanded the exploration of reading motivation and behavior to the social media arena.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0239
  • Library performance evaluation in a dynamic environment using patron
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Purpose of this paper: the purpose of this article is to propose a new model for studying the patron’s satisfaction level over time for library systems. For this purpose, it is necessary to identify key factors that are influential in nature. Thereafter, this paper explains and demonstrates the procedure used for developing the casual loop diagram, the flow diagram, mathematical modeling, and the simulation of the problem. A sample problem is used to show the applicability of the proposed model. Due to the fact that the proposed methodology allows management to look into the patrons’ satisfaction level over time, it makes a significant contribution to the literature of the library and information management as well as dynamic simulation modeling. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach: This paper is written based upon the researches and observations from scientific journals and reports. For model development purposes, this author has employed the concept of systems thinking and system dynamics to model the complex systems and simulate that using Vensim computer simulation software. Findings Findings: As the trend of patron’s satisfaction shows, it is possible to improve the satisfaction level over time to a level above 60% from 48% over the simulation running periods. Meanwhile, the level of donation is up from 10 percent to 40 percent in the same period as the satisfaction level has been studied. Since this is the first article that looks into such important variables over time using system dynamics, it makes significant contribution to the field of library and information management. Originality/value What is original/value of paper: In almost all library models for patron’s satisfaction calculation, th proposed models are static and can find this value for a point of time rather than over a long period of time. In this article, a system with an initial value of patron’s satisfaction level was employed and by taking all key factors into consideration, author has developed a system that calculate patron’s satisfaction trend over time. Also, the proposed dynamic model is able to determine the level of donations that patrons can make to the library over time.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2015-0022
  • Dynamic e-book guidance system for English reading with learning portfolio
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Learners were provided with personalized and adaptive articles in a dynamic real-time manner, and to improve learners’ interest in and motivation for learning English through an appropriate e-book assistance mechanism, thus increasing their English reading comprehension skills. Design/methodology/approach In addition to their general auxiliary functions, the e-books were designed to provide other relevant auxiliary functions to meet the English reading learning requirements that arise. The e-book was also equipped with a personalized reading guidance and assistance mechanism for conducting systematic assessments and calculations on the basis of the learner's reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and connections between articles. Findings The personalized reading guidance and assistance strategy, which provided articles in line with the learners’ personal abilities and presented the articles in a correlated method, facilitated learners’ progressive learning and improved their reading comprehension abilities. Learners’ confidence and satisfaction toward English reading can be improved effectively through adaptive guidance. Originality/value A real-time and dynamic reading guidance strategy was established in this study by considering the learner’s reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and the connections between articles.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0221
  • A cyclical learning model to promote children’s online and on-site
           museum learning
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This study proposes an online and on-site cyclical learning model (OOCLM). It considers how combining digital applications can promote a museum’s virtuous learning cycle between online and on-site spaces for children. Design/methodology/approach A practical cyclical learning service has been successfully implemented in a science museum in Taiwan. This provides a thematic game-based learning environment, allowing all the children to create their unique museum experiences before, during and after their visit. A questionnaire was developed to examine the children’s perceptions of the OOCLM to ascertain whether they were satisfied with the pre-visit, on-site visit and post-visit services offered. Findings The learning model considered the contextual factors that influence digital applications in museums. The digital and physical resources are well-integrated and the museum’s online and on-site services are linked to effectively promote children’s cyclical learning. Practical implications The results show that most of the children highly appreciated the learning model. The model presents an interactive learning environment for children’s cyclical learning and repeat visits. Originality/value The OOCLM considers the related contextual influences of digital applications in museum learning it effectively bridges the museum’s online and on-site services to promote the museum’s virtuous learning cycle and long-term museum learning resource management. This study provides a benchmark example to develop sustainable cyclical learning services for target visitor groups, and to motivate their long-term interaction with the museum.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0021
  • Student reading lists: evaluating the student experience at the University
           of Huddersfield
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose To evaluate the bespoke Resource List Management System (MyReading) at the University of Huddersfield. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was designed to assess student use of MyReading and their views on potential improvements. The survey used closed questions designed to obtain quantitative data. Thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data obtained from open questions to obtain. Findings The paper supports findings of another recent study which found that reading lists are perceived as more important by students than by lecturers. A variety of positive and negative themes emerged which pointed to this conclusion. Positive themes were: the perceived helpfulness of reading lists; students' view of MyReading as a starting point for independent further reading; ease of use of MyReading and the time saving afforded to students; the value students place on their reading lists as being "quality assured" by lecturers. Negative themes were: inconsistency in the length and structure of lists; concerns that some lists are not regularly updated; lack of awareness of functionality revealing training needs for students and lecturers; suggestions for future enhancements to MyReading. Another finding from the quantitative data is a clear link between low use of reading lists by students in certain Schools and low use of other library resources. Practical implications The research provides guidance to universities regarding future development of Resource List Management Systems and promotional and training needs. Originality/value The study adds rich information to the existing body of qualitative research on students' perceptions of their reading lists.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0252
  • Authorship of Iranian chemistry articles: an actuarial approach
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this article is to apply some concepts of actuarial statistics to the authorship of Iranian ISI articles in the field of chemistry based on Price’s model. The study determines scientific birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, natural increase rate and life expectancy. Design/methodology/approach Price maintained that authors in each given period in any field fall into four categories including newcomers, transients, continuants, and terminators. He suggested that actuarial statistics could be applied to authorship to calculate death rate and birth rate in scientific fields. A total 25,573 articles written by 59,661 Iranian chemistry authors between 1973 and 2012 were downloaded from Web of Science and were subjected to statistical analysis. Findings The average birth rate was 66.7%, the average death rate was 19.4%, infant mortality rate was 51.2%, average natural increase was 47.3%, the average life expectancy was 1.98 years and the longest scientific age was 22 years. The results show that although a large number of people start their scientific activity, the number of those who terminate their activity in the same year as they start (infant mortality rate) is also large and little continuity exist in publishing activities of Iranian chemists. Research limitations/implications The findings have implications for the planning of human resources in science. They could help maintain a stable scientific labor force and decide for instance whether a larger number of scientists should be trained and hired or the barriers should be removed so the existing scientists can work for more years. The limitation is that the study is restricted to ISI articles while they are not the only kind of scientific output. Originality/value This is the first study of its kind on Iranian scientific output. It shows that the overall labor force in the field of chemistry in Iran was not satisfactory as the majority of authors in each period are transients. There is a need for better planning for the labor force.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0022
  • Predictors for e-government adoption: integrating TAM, TPB, trust and
           perceived risk
    • First page: 2
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The present research aims to (1) identify determinants for citizen’ behavioural adoption of e-government, (2) explore relationships among these variables, and (3) investigate whether the proposed model can provide more comprehensive manner to understand the adoption of e-government. Design/methodology/approach First, a survey is administered to collect data, then the Cronbach’s alpha is assessed for internal consistency of measurement scales; second, confirmatory factor analysis is conducted to evaluate measurement model; finally, a structural equation model is used to test the proposed hypotheses and explore the determinants of e-government adoption. Findings Results indicate that the proposed model is a stable model with powerful explanatory of variation. In addition, some new relationships in e-government context are found, which disposition to trust has positive effect on social norms while perceived risk negatively influences perceived behaviour control. Moreover, other key dominants have been investigated respectively. Originality/value The findings have enabled us to better understand factors affecting intention, and also provided a solid theoretical research model for future study.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0141
  • Technical requirements for copyright protection of electronic theses and
           dissertations in INSTD: a grounded theory study
    • First page: 21
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study aimed to determine the technical requirements for copyright protection of theses and dissertations for proposing a model for applying in Iran’s National System for Theses and Dissertations (INSTD). Design/methodology/approach This study used a mixed research methodology. Grounded theory was used in the qualitative phase and a researcher-made checklist was applied in quantitative phase for surveying the status of the INSTD. Research population included INSTD as well as 6 information specialists and copyright experts. Data was analysed by using open Axial and selective coding. Findings Based on data extracted from the completed checklists, some technical requirements had been provided in the system. The technical requirements that interviewees pointed out included the two main classes: technical components and technical-software infrastructures, explored in the phase of grounded theory. The individual categories included access control, copy control, technical-software challenges, protecting standards, HTTPS, certificate authority, documentation of thesis and dissertation information, the use of digital object identifiers, copy detection systems, thesis and dissertation integrated systems, digital rights management systems, and electronic copyright management systems. Research limitations/implications Considering the subject of this study, only technical aspect was investigated and other aspects were not included. In addition, ETD providers were not well aware of copyright issues. Practical implications Using the technical requirements with high security is effective in the INSTD to gain the trust of the authors and encourage them to deposit their ETDs. Originality/value Considering the continued violation of copyright in electronic databases, applying technical requirements for copyright protection and regulating users’ access to the information of theses and dissertations are needed in the INSTD.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0226
  • Research on the organization of user needs information in the big data
    • First page: 36
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper proposes a conceptual model for improving the organization of user needs information in the big data environment. Design/methodology/approach A conceptual model of the organization of user needs information based on Linked Data techniques is constructed. This model has three layers: the Data Layer, the Semantic Layer, and the Application Layer. Findings Requirements for organizing user needs information in the big data environment are identified as follows: improving the intelligence level, establishing standards and guidelines for the description of user needs information, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and consideration of individual privacy in the organization and analysis of user needs. Practical implications This Web of Needs model could be used to improve knowledge services by matching user needs information with increasing semantic knowledge resources more effectively and efficiently in the big data environment. Originality/value This study proposes a conceptual model, the Web of Needs model, to organize and interconnect user needs. Compared with existing methods, the Web of Needs model satisfies the requirements for the organization of user needs information in the big data environment with regard to four aspects: providing the basis and conditions for intelligent processing of user needs information, using RDF as a description norm, enabling the interconnection of user needs information, and setting various protocols to protect user privacy.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-07-2015-0130
  • Developing a novel recommender network-based ranking mechanism for library
           book acquisition
    • First page: 50
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Most academic libraries provide book recommendation services to enable readers to recommend books to the libraries. To facilitate decision making in book acquisition, this study developed a method to determine the ranking of the recommended books based on the recommender network. Design/methodology/approach The recommender network was conducted to establish relationships among book recommenders and their similar readers by using circulation records. Furthermore, social computing techniques were used to evaluate the degree of representativeness of the recommenders, and subsequently applied as a criterion to rank the recommended books. Empirical studies were performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed ranking system. The Spearman’s correlation coefficients between the proposed ranking system and the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics were used as performance measure. Findings The ranking calculated using the proposed ranking mechanism was highly and moderately correlated to the ranking obtained using reader circulation statistics. The ranking of recommended books by the librarians was moderately and poorly correlated to the ranking calculated using reader circulation statistics. Practical implications The book recommender can be used to improve the accuracy of book recommendations. Originality/value This study is the first that considers the recommender network on library book acquisition. The results also show that the proposed ranking mechanism can facilitate effective book-acquisition decisions in libraries.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0094
  • Trends and challenges of visual search interfaces in digital libraries and
    • First page: 69
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This literature review presents an overview of the challenges encountered in integrating visual search interfaces into digital libraries and repositories. These challenges come in various forms, including information visualisation, the use of Knowledge Organisation Systems (KOS) and metadata quality. The main purpose of this study consists of the identification of criteria for the evaluation and integration of visual search interfaces, proposing guidelines and recommendations to improve information retrieval tasks with emphasis on the education-al context. Design/methodology/approach The information included in this study was collected based on a systematic literature review approach. The main information sources were explored in several digital libraries, including Science Direct, Scopus, ACM and IEEE, and include journal articles, conference proceedings, books, European project reports and deliverables and PhD theses published in electronic format. A total of 142 studies comprised the review. Findings There are several issues that authors did not fully discuss in this literature review study. More specific, aspects associated with access of digital resources in digital libraries and repositories based on Human Computer Interaction (HCI) i.e. i) usability and learnability of user interfaces, ii) design of a suitable navigation method of search based on Simple Knowledge Organization Schemes (SKOS), and finally and finally, iii) the use of usefulness visual search inter-faces to locate relevant resources. Research limitations/implications The main steps for carrying out a systematic review are drawn from healthcare; this methodology is not commonly used in fields like digital libraries and repositories. The authors aimed to apply the fundamentals of the systematic literature review methodology considering the context of this study. Additionally, there are several aspects of accessibility that were not considered in the study, such as accessibility to content for disabled people as defined by ISO/IEC 40500:2012. Originality/value No other systematic literature reviews have been conducted in this field. The research presents an in-depth analysis of the criteria associated with searching and navigation methods based on the systematic literature review approach. The analysis is relevant for researchers in the field of digital library and repository creation in that it may direct them to considerations in designing and implementing visual search interfaces based on the use of information visualisation.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-03-2015-0046
  • Multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation of structured,
           digital library resources
    • First page: 99
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Current segmentation systems almost invariably focus on linear segmentation and can only divide text into linear sequences of segments. This suits cohesive text such as news feed but not coherent texts such as documents of a digital library which have hierarchical structures. In order to overcome the focus on linear segmentation in document segmentation, and to realize the purpose of hierarchical segmentation for a digital library’s structured resources this paper proposed a new multi-granularity hierarchical topic-based segmentation system (MHTSS) to decide section breaks. Design/methodology/approach MHTSS adopts up-down segmentation strategy to divide a structured, digital library document into a document segmentation tree. Specifically, it works in a three-stage process: (1) document parsing, (2) coarse segmentation based on document access structures and (3) fine-grained segmentation based on lexical cohesion. Findings This paper analysed limitations of document segmentation methods for the structured, digital library resources.
      Authors found that the combination of document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques should complement each other and allow for a better segmentation of structured, digital library resources. Based on this finding, this paper proposed the MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources. To evaluate it, MHTSS was compared to the TT and C99 algorithms on real-world digital library corpora. Through comparison, it was found that the MHTSS achieves top overall performance. Practical implications With MHTSS, digital library users can get their relevant information directly in segments instead of receiving the whole document. This will improve retrieval performance as well as dramatically reduce information overload. Originality/value This paper proposed MHTSS for the structured, digital library resources, which combines the document access structures and lexical cohesion techniques to decide section breaks. With this system, end users can access a document by sections through a document structure tree.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-06-2015-0108
  • Evaluating the usability of COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
           library web site: a case study
    • First page: 121
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Library web sites serve as gateways to the information resources and services of their libraries. In today’s digital age, the development of web sites is inevitable for libraries as a means to provide users with online services at their desktops. This case study reports the findings of a usability study of an academic library web site from the user perspective. Design/methodology/approach An online survey on the efficacy of the web site and statistical reports from Google analytics were used as tools to assess and track the use of CIIT library website resources by national and international users. A sample of 550 users was invited by e-mail to respond to the questionnaire covering various usability features of the web site. Findings Findings reveal that users are largely satisfied with the usefulness, convenience, design and quality of CIIT library web site. Moreover, the users are mostly making use of the web site for accessing research papers through the HEC digital library, exploring free online open access journals, searching for e-books and examining the library collection via OPAC. This shows that the library web site has a significant role in the pedagogical activities of the CIIT community. Research limitations/implications The results are limited to a case study of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site. Practical implications The findings of this study will help the library administration to overcome existing deficiencies in the CIIT library web site. Originality/value The study is a foremost usability evaluation of CIIT, Islamabad campus library web site from the user perspective.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0149
  • Are academic libraries ready for knowledge management?
    • First page: 137
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of organizational factors, such as the culture of trust, human resources (HR) practice, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing, and the degree to which this attitude affects their perceived readiness to adopt knowledge management. Design/methodology/approach A soft copy of the questionnaire was sent to 217 academic librarians in both public and private universities in Kuwait. A total of 150 valid responses were collected and tested using a structural equation model (SEM). Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS and LISREL software to verify the research hypotheses. Findings The study found that apart from HR practices, all the other factors had significant effects on librarians’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing (KS). In addition, the attitude of librarians towards KS was found to significantly affect the readiness to adopt KM in academic libraries. Practical implications Findings should help libraries identify opportunities and barriers to adopting KM. Results indicate that strengthening the affecting factors, such as a culture of trust and top management support, lead to a more positive attitude toward KS and ultimately a better chance of success for any KM initiative that will take place in an academic library. Originality/value The primary research contribution is the conceptual model of the effect of the organizational factors of a culture of trust, HR practices, and top management support on librarians’ attitudes toward KS, and the degree to which this affects their perceived readiness to adopt KM.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0008
  • Interaction between science and technology in the field of fuel cells
           based on patent paper analysis
    • First page: 152
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study analysed and explored the characteristics of patent-paper pairs (PPPs) in the field of fuel cells. Design/methodology/approach The authors used bibliometric analysis to analyse the bibliometric records of PPPs identified from 20,758 papers and 8,112 utility patents between 1991 and 2010. Findings The findings show that the percentages of papers and patents constituting PPPs was low, but an increasing trend was identified in the absolute number of PPPs. Researchers affiliated with research institutions were the primary contributors to PPPs. Countries with the most papers and patents had the most PPPs, exploiting the advantage of dual knowledge creation. Similar growth trends were observed in the numbers of patents approved and papers published. Patents in PPPs were typically produced earlier than the papers in PPPs. On average, patents were applied for approximately 4 years before papers were published, and patents were approved only approximately 4 months before papers were published. Research limitations/implications While the study was limited to the PPPs in the field of fuel cells, PPPs analysis can be applied to numerous fields. Originality/value PPPs indicate the coactivity of researchers involved in publishing and patenting. Although this coactivity has been studied, few studies have investigated PPPs. This study helps us better understanding of the characteristics of papers and patents constituting PPPs, changes in the annual numbers of papers and patents constituting PPPs, delays between papers and patents, as well as individuals, institutions, and countries producing numerous PPPs.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0195
  • Scholarly communication in the age of Google: exploring academics’ use
           patterns of e-journals at the University of the Punjab
    • First page: 167
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The research study investigates the use patterns of scholarly e-journals by academics for teaching, research and keeping themselves up-to-date. The study also looks at differences in the use patterns across twelve disciplines. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted to explore academics’ use patterns of scholarly e-journals in twelve disciplines. The University of the Punjab was used for the sample population. Self administered questionnaires were distributed to all regular and contractual academics of Lahore campuses of the University. After follow up 457 questionnaires were received with a response rate of 54 percent. Descriptive statistics and non parametric statistics were used to analyse data. Findings The results showed that the academics made more frequent use of e-journals, online reference sources and discussion with colleagues for scholarly activities. E-Journals were used predominantly for research related activities rather than for teaching and instruction. Academics obtained e-journal articles primarily from open access sources i.e., general search engines and Google Scholar as compared to subscribed and other sources of e-journal articles. Disciplinary differences were also found in academics’ use patterns of e-journals. However, academics showed just satisfactory skills regarding use of advanced searching techniques and evaluation of the quality of e-journals. Practical implications Findings will be helpful for information professionals to review their policies and practices in relation to e-journal services for academic community. The needs for e-literacy skills to use e-journals will also be identified and findings will be significant for information professionals in arranging information literacy instruction programmes for targeted disciplines. Originality/value Most of e-journals use studies focused on specific disciplines – Sciences, Life Sciences, Engineering and Technology and Social Sciences. This research study is valuable that investigated use patterns of e-journals across twelve different disciplines at the University of the Punjab.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:53Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0171
  • All that glitters isn’t gold: the complexities of use statistics as an
           assessment tool for digital libraries
    • First page: 185
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Digital collection assessment has focused mainly on evaluating systems, metadata, and usability. While use evaluation is discussed in the literature, there are no standard criteria and methods for how to perform assessment on use effectively. This article asserts that use statistics have complexities that prohibit meaningful interpretation and assessment. The authors aim to discover the problems inherent in the assessment of digital collection use statistics and propose solutions to address such issues. Design/methodology/approach This article identifies and demonstrates five inherent problems with use statistics that need to be addressed when doing assessment for digital collections using the statistics of assessment tools on local digital repositories. The authors then propose solutions to resolve the problems that present themselves upon such analysis. Findings The authors identified five problems with digital collection use statistics. Problem one is the difficulty of distinguishing different kinds of Internet traffic. Problem two is the lack of direct correlation of a digital item to its multiple URLs, so statistics from external web analytics tools are not ideal. Problem three is the analytics tools’ inherent bias in statistics that are counted only in the positive way. Problem four is the different interaction between digital collections with search engine indexing. Problem five is the evaluator’s bias towards simple growing statistics over time for surmising a positive use assessment. Because of these problems, statistics on digital collections do not properly measure a digital library’s value. Practical implications Findings highlight problems with current use measures and offer improvements. Originality/value This article identifies five problems that need to be addressed before a meaningful assessment of digital collection use statistics can take place. The article ends with a call for evaluators to try to solve or mitigate the stated problems for their digital collections in their own evaluations.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:34:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0179
  • WeChat Library: a new mode of mobile library service
    • First page: 198
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This study introduces a new mode of mobile library service, named “WeChat Library,” developed under the WeChat (social media platform) public service platform. The design and realization of WeChat Library is also presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. Design/methodology/approach This study designed a new mobile library service system, WeChat Library of Chongqing University Library, analysed its construction cost and usage statistics, and discussed the advantages of the new service mode. Findings Investigation results showed that 84.6 percent of the “985” universities opened up WeChat libraries, which signified that WeChat library has become one of the important mobile service modes for Chinese university libraries. WeChat Library received high appreciation from the patrons; in 20 months of operation, 20.3 percent of patrons in Chongqing University had used WeChat Library. The five most commonly used services are OPAC retrieval, items borrowed, personal centre, resource discovery, and announcements. WeChat Library was found to have many advantages, such as low development cost, automatic cross-platform service, adaptive screen, low acceptance cost, easier promotion, strong user viscosity, strong interactivity, and real-time consulting. Practical implications The functional design and technological architecture of WeChat Library was presented with Chongqing University Library taken as the example. The technical realization of several unique services, namely, QR code access, space reservation, and overdue reminders, was also demonstrated. The study will provide favourable suggestions and references for other libraries that have also launched the WeChat Library. Originality/value The mainstream service mode of mobile libraries is APP. Although mobile services are applied extensively in China, numerous small- and medium-sized libraries are still unable to provide mobile services for patrons primarily because the investment is too high to bear for some libraries. Therefore, mobile library services urgently need a more economical model of mobile services. The most prominent advantages of WeChat Library are its low development cost and low technology threshold. WeChat Library can provide a better solution for mobile library services.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-01-07T12:35:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0248
  • Book reviews
    • Pages: 209 - 210
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 209-210, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0246
  • Technology Disaster Response and Recovery Planning
    • Pages: 210 - 211
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 210-211, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2016-0181
  • The Cybrarian’s Web 2: An A-Z Guide to Free Social Media Tools,
           Apps, and Other resources
    • Pages: 211 - 212
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 211-212, February 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-13T01:25:10Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-05-2016-0122
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