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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
   [843 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.874]   [H-I: 18]
  • Effectiveness of information technology in reducing corruption in China: A
           validation of the DeLone and McLean information systems success model
    • Authors: Hu Xinli et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of information technology in reducing corruption in China. Meanwhile this paper explores whether Electronic Monitoring Systems (EMS) can be evaluated in terms of the Delone and Mclean IS success model. Design/methodology/approach The status of the EMS in five cities is first proposed, and then a model of e-government system success is designed to evaluate the EMS. Data were obtained from 387 civil servants in the Supervision Agencies. Then we deeply assess the effectiveness of EMS in reducing corruption, and validate the Delone and Mclean IS success model. Findings The findings show that the application of EMS has a positive effect on reducing corruption. IT thus has the potential to reduce corruption, but the institution and the people are more important. Originality/value Although many theories about reducing corruption have been proposed, the EMS application in reducing corruption have seldom been addressed. This study is the first, to our knowledge, to examine EMS and corruption reduction from the point of view of the IS success model.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:58:17 GMT
       
  • Usage patterns of Punjab University Library website: a transactional log
           analysis study
    • Authors: Alia Arshad et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose This study aimed to assess the usage patterns of a University library website to find out user’s behavior of monthly use, its top most used resources and services and search phrases used to reach library website. Design/methodology/approach Transactional Log Analysis - an unobtrusive research method was used to identify and analyze data of website using patterns. The log data of website use from January 2011 to March 2011 was analyzed for this study. Findings The findings of the study revealed that university library website was heavily used on campus by users, however, it was used by significant number of clients residing off-campus. Free scholarly journals, resources downloaded, E-journals, e-books and donated personal collections were among the top most used resources and services. However, free scholarly journals were used more than subscribed e – journals accessible on-campus only. Originality/value This study first employed the transactional log analysis method to trace user behavior of website use in local scenario. Assessing the usage of e- resources is imperative to determine the effectiveness of library website in providing these services to its on-campus and distant users. The findings of the study are valuable for librarians and webmasters of library website to redesign and reorient their services.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:13 GMT
       
  • Role and users’ approach to social networking sites (SNSs): A study
           of universities of North India
    • Authors: K P Singh et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose The purpose of the study is to evaluate and assess the awareness and extent of use of Social Networking Sites (SNSs) by the students and research scholars of universities of North India. Design/methodology/approach The study is a questionnaire-based survey on the usage of SNSs among the students and research scholars of universities of the North India. The data of the study was collected through questionnaire, which was personally distributed to the identified population i.e. undergraduate students, postgraduate students and research scholars by the authors. The survey based on sample of 610 questionnaires out of which 486 questionnaires were received having a response rate of 79.67 per cent. Findings The study finds that all the respondents were found to be aware and making use of such applications in their academic affairs. It was revealed from the study that Facebook is the most popular SNS by all categories of respondents. In order to determine the purpose of SNSs, it emerged that SNSs are mostly used for entertainment and communication. The study also finds that the majority of respondents were aware about the security aspects of SNSs. It signifies that excessive time consumption and fear of misusing personal information were the major hurdles in the way of accessing SNSs. Research limitations/implications The study covers the students and research scholars of select universities of the North India. It also signifies the use of SNSs in their research and academic environment. Originality/value The paper provides reliable and authentic data. The study is worth, justifiable and enlightens the salient findings on the topic, which will be very useful for researchers in this area.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:11 GMT
       
  • Developing an academic library website model, a designer’s
           checklist, and an evaluative instrument: a Delphi Method approach
    • Authors: Anusha Lakmini Wijayaratne et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce a library website model. Further, the paper discusses a designer’s checklist and an evaluative instrument that were constructed based on the proposed model. Design/methodology/approach The model was developed through a Delphi study that was participated by two panels of experts. The researcher communicated with the panel members via e-mail using two Delphi instruments designed out of two item pools that were developed based on the knowledge gained from surveying the literature, visiting the selected libraries and exploring the library websites. Then, a designer’s checklist and an evaluative instrument were derived from the proposed model through a series of brainstorming sessions. Findings The proposed model consisted of altogether 140 items (60 web content elements and 80 web design features). The Designer’s Checklist comprises of all 140 items while the Evaluative Instrument comprises of 60 content elements and 57 design features. Research limitations/implications This study has developed an academic library website model and derived two instruments based on the proposed model. Further studies are needed to customize, particularly the web content pillar of this conceptual model, to meet the specific needs of different types of libraries including public libraries, special libraries, school libraries etc. Practical implications The Designers’ Checklist and the Evaluative Instrument derived from the proposed model are useful tools for library professionals in designing, re-designing, maintaining and evaluating their library websites. The librarians may use these tools for both institutional and research purposes. Originality/value The model and the two instruments proposed by this study are unique in focus, origin, content and presentation.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:57 GMT
       
  • Professionalism in library and information science An examination of
           current trends, needs, and opportunities in academic libraries in
           Southeast Nigeria
    • Authors: Chinwe Nwogo Ezeani et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose This paper examined the current trends, needs and opportunities of professionalism in librarianship in Nigeria. The broad purpose of the paper was to investigate the level of professionalism in librarianship and to ascertain the current status, trends, and opportunities within the profession among academic librarians in Nigeria. Five specific research questions were formulated which are: to examine how librarians value librarianship as a profession, to elicit the efforts made by librarians with regards to professional development, to ascertain methods of acquiring current competencies within the profession, to investigate the role of professional bodies in promoting professionalism and excellence within the library and information science profession, and to proffer strategies to enhance professionalism and excellence among librarians in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach Descriptive survey design was adopted in the study across both quantitative and qualitative research methods. The area of the study was the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State and the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka Anambra State. Population of the study comprised a total of 63 librarians in the two universities. All librarians were sampled because of the small sample size. The Instrument for data collection were oral interview and questionnaire which contained 53 items derived from the research questions and built on a 4-point scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree, (A) Disagree (D) , Strongly Disagree (SD). The criterion mean was 2.50. Therefore any calculated mean below 2.50 was adjudged a negative score while any mean from 2.50 and above was regarded as a positive score. Findings The study revealed the challenges facing professionalism and excellence within the library and information science field as lack of funding for professional development, lack of sponsorship to workshops and conferences, lack of uninterruptible internet facility, a dearth of professional mentors in the South East zone. Other problems gathered from a scheduled interview with some senior professionals in the institutions revealed that most librarians are still facing the challenge of imbibing and utilizing emerging skills in the LIS professions such as digital archiving, data mining skills for their day-to-day activities. Originality/value Recommendations arising from the study were proffered such as the Creation of staff development programmes by management; collaboration and partnership by libraries within the zone; acquisition of training through workshops and conferences irrespective of sponsorship by the institutions; teaming of Academic Librarians to enhance their visibility and publication output. International staff exchanges and opportunities for sabbatical leave which hitherto was not common in the South East Zone were recommended. Among other recommendations also were; building of consortia with libraries in the country; LIS professional bodies helping to create visibility and prestige of the LIS profession and finally in order to scale up the image of the profession the marketing of library products through profiling of patrons and furnishing them with required information has not only become necessary but critical.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:54 GMT
       
  • Reading experiences influencing the acceptance of e-book devices
    • Authors: Eunil Park et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose The recent introduction of e-book devices has drastically changed the way people access and use reading content. However, few studies have explored the impact of reading experience on acceptance of e-book devices. This study aims to explore users’ perception of, and then intention towards using, e-book devices as new reading devices, based upon an integrated technology acceptance model (TAM), reading engagement based upon flow theory, and readability. Design/methodology/approach A total of 219 participants participated in a survey after using e-book devices to analyze our research model. Findings This study confirmed the crucial roles played by viewing experience, perceived mobility, perceived behavioral control, skill, and readability. Also perceived usefulness and text satisfaction were found to have a positive and significant association with acceptance of e-book devices. Research limitations/implications Implications and suggestions for researchers and manufacturers are also addressed in the present study. Originality/value The current study focused on how actual reading experiences using e-book devices influences acceptance of e-book devices, through the triangular integrated model of TAM, reading engagement, and readability features, and investigating users’ reading experience on the basis of responses to the characteristics of e-book devices.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:51 GMT
       
  • m libraries 4
    • Authors: Philip Calvert et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:48 GMT
       
  • Web content and design trends of Alabama academic libraries
    • Authors: Daniel Earl Wilson et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose This study evaluated the Website content of Alabama academic libraries in order to examine their services, content, and compliance with design and accessibility standards. Design/methodology/approach A content analysis was conducted on 24 academic library Websites discovered through Jeanne Burke’s Higher Education Directory and the Alabama Colleges directory Website. All data was collected within a one month period. Findings Study data revealed that while academic libraries are offering more online services many continue to lack certain services or fail to implement basic Web design and accessibility standards. Research limitations/implications Inclusion into the study was limited to independent library Websites of Alabama institutions offering four-year degrees and content data discoverable within three clicks of the homepage. Future studies might identify why certain libraries lack reference chat services, social media accounts, and/or certain accessibility accommodations. Additional research might evaluate multilingual Websites and their methods for providing language options. Practical implications The results of this study should assist in the evaluation of library Websites and increase awareness of design and accessibility standards, enabling designers and policy makers to improve upon future Web site designs. Originality/value This study presents a depth of evaluation and currency unseen in most Web content analyses. The extent of this study should provide librarians, Web designers, and library policy makers with a suitable comparison for Website projects and evaluations.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:46 GMT
       
  • Building communities: Social networking for academic libraries.
    • Authors: Philip Calvert et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:43 GMT
       
  • Workplace Culture in Academic Libraries: The Early 21st Century, edited by
           Kelly Blessinger and Paul Hrycaj
    • Authors: Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:41 GMT
       
  • Webometrics as a method for identifying the most accredited free
           electronic journals: the case of medical sciences
    • Authors: Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose Since finding free scholarly electronic journals (EJs) including medical ones is difficult in the web environment, the present study aims at determining the most accredited free English EJs in Medical Sciences. Design/methodology/approach The research population consisted of 700 free EJs of Medical Sciences which were collected from two reputable websites namely Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and Free Medical Journals (FMJ). After first screening, 269 free EJs including 76 journals in Health, 4 journals in Nursing, 175 journals in Medicine, and 14 free EJs in Dentistry remained for final investigation... Findings The most accredited journals in four medical disciplines studied here are Health: “New South Wales Public Health Bulletin”, “PLoS Biology”, and “Environmental Health Perspectives - National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences”; Nursing: “Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care” and “Online Journal of Nursing Informatics”;... Originality/value This research can be treated as an addition to the webometrics literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:39 GMT
       
  • Multilingual metadata for cultural heritage materials: the case of the
           Tse-Tsung Chow Collection of Chinese Scrolls and Fan Paintings
    • Authors: Krystyna K. Matusiak et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore multilingual access in digital libraries and to present a case study of creating bilingual metadata records for the Tse-Tsung Chow Collection of Chinese Scrolls and Fan Paintings. The project, undertaken at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries, provides access to digital copies of calligraphic and painted Chinese scrolls and fans from the collection donated by Prof. Tse-Tsung Chow (Cezong Zhou). Design/methodology/approach This paper examines the current approaches to multilingual indexing and retrieval in digital collections and presents a model of creating bilingual parallel records that combines translation with controlled vocabulary mapping. Findings Creating multilingual metadata records for cultural heritage materials is in an early phase of development. Bilingual metadata created through human translation and controlled vocabulary mapping represents one of the approaches to multilingual access in digital libraries. Multilingual indexing of collections of international origin addresses the linguistic needs of the target audience, connects the digitized objects to their respective cultures, and contributes to richer descriptive records. The approach that relies on human translation and research can be undertaken in small-scale digitization projects of rare cultural heritage materials. Language and subject expertise are required to create bilingual metadata records. Research limitations/implications This paper presents the results of a case study. The approach to multilingual access that involves research and relies on human translation can only be undertaken in small scale-projects. Practical implications This case study of creating parallel records with a combination of translation and vocabulary mapping can be useful for designing similar bilingual digital collections. Originality/value The research and practice in multilingual indexing of cultural heritage materials is very limited. There are no standardized models of how to approach building multilingual digital collections. This case study presents a model of providing bilingual access and enhancing the intellectual control of cultural heritage collections.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:37 GMT
       
  • Mastering Digital Librarianship: Strategy, Networking and Discovery in
           Academic Libraries
    • Authors: behrooz bayat et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:35 GMT
       
  • Delivering Research Data Management Services: fundamentals of good
           practice. Edited by Graham Pryor, Sarah Jones and Angus Whyte
    • Authors: Peter Lund et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:32 GMT
       
  • Successful Social Networking in Public Libraries by Walt Crawford
    • Authors: Deborah Price-Ewen et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2015.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:30 GMT
       
  • Research Methods: Information, Systems and Contexts
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 925-926, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:48 GMT
       
  • Practical Digital Preservation: A How-to Guide for Organizations of Any
           Size
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 924-925, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:32 GMT
       
  • Rethinking the Conceptual Base for New Practical Applications in
           Information Value and Quality
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 926-927, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:32 GMT
       
  • Collaboration in Libraries and Learning Environments
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 923-924, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:31 GMT
       
  • Project Think: Why Good Managers Make Poor Project Choices
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 929-930, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:31 GMT
       
  • Access and Identity Management for Libraries: Controlling Access to Online
           Information
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 930-931, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:24 GMT
       
  • New Directions in Information Organization
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, Page 928-929, October 2014.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:09:23 GMT
       
  • Attitudes of law university library users towards the use of Web OPAC in
           Karnataka: A study
    • Authors: Devendra Naik et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This paper provides an overview of two law university libraries in the Karnataka state of southern India and their web-based online public access catalogue (web OPAC). Results from a survey of library users’ attitudes towards the use of the web OPAC, methods adopted to learn how to use the web OPAC, guidance sought to use the web OPAC, and the extent of use of the web OPAC search facilities in select law school libraries in Karnataka are reported Design/methodology/approach In order to study the users’ attitudes towards the use of the web OPAC in law university libraries in Karnataka, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to 300 users, including LLB students, LLM students, research scholars, and teaching staff. The sample population was chosen using the convenience sample method, and the researcher received 256 completed and usable questionnaires. A five point Likert scale was used in the research questionnaire. Typical statistical tests such as mean and standard deviation (SD) were applied for the purpose of accuracy. Findings The results of the survey indicated that 92.1% of respondents were using the web OPAC. Most of the web OPAC users strongly agreed that they learned to use the web OPAC from a library orientation program. It was found that there are positive attitudes towards the web OPAC search facility. The survey also found that the web OPAC search page has not given satisfactory guidance to web OPAC users. Practical implications This research paper produces findings of relevance to any academic library to develop and implement a user-friendly web OPAC service. Originality/value There have been no previous published research studies of the web OPAC and users’ attitudes in the law university libraries in Karnataka state.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:05 GMT
       
  • Will open access journals substitute big-deal subscriptions in engineering
           college libraries in India'
    • Authors: Nagaraja Aragudige et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose In India, many engineering colleges do not subscribe to journals through business subscription models or consortia and invariably a majority of them depend on open access journals to fulfil their users’ needs. In this paper, the authors analyse the impact of OA journals in engineering and technology institutions, if libraries are not subscribed to the journals through the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) mandatory packages. Design/methodology/approach The paper identifies the impact factors of mandatory journals made in big-deal subscriptions with the impact factors of open access journals available to access in DOAJ pertaining to engineering and technology. Findings The study reveals that journals subscribed through big-deal subscriptions have better impact in the scholarly communications than the open access journals. Research limitations/implications The results of this study cannot be generalized to all disciplines. Impact factors of journals can also be calculated by use of SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator, which uses the Scopus database. Publish or Perish can also be used to analyse Google Scholar rankings to identify the individual journal’s impact. Originality/value The result of the study is useful for selection of e-journals in big-deal subscriptions and it highlights the implications and impact of open access journals in engineering and technology.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:04 GMT
       
  • Web 2.0 tools: a survey of awareness and use by librarians in university
           libraries in Africa
    • Authors: Ebikabowei Emmanuel Baro et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The study aimed at investigating the level of awareness and use of Web 2.0 tools by librarians in university libraries in Africa. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire was used to collect data from 140 librarians from 16 leading university libraries in Africa. Findings The study revealed that librarians in Africa are mostly familiar with Web 2.0 tools such as social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), blogs, instant messaging, and wikis. It was also found that the most frequently used Web 2.0 tools by the librarians in university libraries in Africa are Facebook, instant messaging, blogs, Twitter, and wikis. The study revealed that the librarians use the Web 2.0 tools for the purpose of announcing library news/events, online reference services, training resources, blogging, and image and video sharing with users. Finally, lack of skills, power failure, lack of facilities such as computers with Internet access, lack of time, lack of interest were mentioned by the librarians as some of the challenges to using Web 2.0 tools. Practical implications These research results can also be consulted by interested librarians when they plan to make Web 2.0 applications in their libraries. Originality/value This study draws an overall picture of the Web 2.0 applications in university libraries in Africa and attempt to provide these libraries with helpful information to better understand how their colleagues elsewhere are utilizing Web 2.0 technologies in rendering library services.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:04 GMT
       
  • A simple scheme for bibliography acquisition using DOI content negotiation
           proxy
    • Authors: Kun Ma et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose As managed scientific research papers increase at a higher rate, an accurate and automated scheme for bibliography acquisition is desirable. This paper aims to study a bibliography acquisition approach to verify the bibliography by author name from the integrated system and the metadata from the
      DOI content negotiation proxy. Design/methodology/approach In this study, we develop a framework using
      DOI content negotiation proxy as context for the entering of the bibliography. The bibliography acquisition architecture is composed of three points of view in order to reduce the complexity: terminal UI, service deployed in the cloud, and
      DOI content negotiation proxy. In order to simplify the service interface and support many kinds of bibliographic formats, we present the independent BibModel and its template-based model transformation engine to support rich bibliographic records. Findings An important finding of this article is that we do some significant development work to combine the open CrossCite
      DOI content service and
      DOI resolvers of registry agencies. As more than 95% of
      DOI s are owned or managed by CrossRef, DataCite, ISTIC, and mEDTA
      DOI registry agencies, it is a common universal approach for the scientific research paper results with
      DOI s. Practical implications Through a simple method built quickly from freely available parts, it is partially successful, suggesting the scheme can be integrated with third-party systems, such as the management system of scientific research results and the electronic journal management system. The analysis of the application’s effect shows the ability to verify the authenticity of the paper by author name from the system and the metadata from our
      DOI content negotiation proxy. Originality/value We propose an original and simple framework to acquire the metadata of bibliographies automatically. No detailed evaluative study has been carried out supporting both
      DOI content negotiation and resolver. This work shows how to implement the acquisition approach and how to integrate this framework with the current system.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:03 GMT
       
  • Scientometric analysis of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities' scientific
           productivity
    • Authors: Alireza Noruzi et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This study examines research performance of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities, using the number of papers appearing in journals and proceedings, and the number of citations received by those papers as covered by Scopus, 1970-2012. This study also identifies subject coverage (domain/field) of publications and determines the preference of research communication channel within the research community.‬ Design/methodology/approach A total of 459 papers published by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities and indexed by Scopus during the given time period were considered. The source items (i.e., records of publications by the faculty members of the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities) were all the documents published in international journals and proceedings indexed by Scopus (an Elsevier bibliographic database) from the time period ranging from 1970 to 2012. All papers having an authorship or a co-authorship associated with the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were included and the number of citations received by them was counted for the period. Findings The study found that major journals used by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine, Asian Journal of Chemistry, Hemoglobin, and Journal of Applied Sciences Research. Additionally, three older institutions (Salahaddin University-Hawler, University of Sulaimani, and University of Duhok) were the most productive universities. Moreover, the study revealed that 237 out of 459 (52%) of publications have international collaborations. It is further evident that among the 459 publications, 211 (40%) have been cited 1,020 times; while 248 (60%) of the papers have not been cited even once, so about 60% of the papers were invisible to world science during the study period. This study also noted that the 25 highly-cited papers were cited 484 times, representing 47% of all the citations (484 out of 1,020). This indicated a concentration effect, whereby a relatively small number of papers earn most of the citations and research impact generated by the faculty members of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities. Originality/value This is the first scientometric research to analyse Iraqi-Kurdistan universities’ scientific productivity.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:03 GMT
       
  • Exposing scholarly information as Linked Open Data: RDFizing DSpace
           contents
    • Authors: Nikolaos Konstantinou et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This paper introduces a transformation engine which can be used in order to convert an existing institutional repository installation into a Linked Open Data repository. Design/methodology/approach We describe how the data that exists in a DSpace repository can be semantically annotated in order to serve as a Semantic Web (meta)data repository. Findings We present a non-intrusive, standards-compliant approach that can run alongside with current practices, while incorporating state-of-the art methodologies. Originality/value Also, we propose a set of mappings between domain vocabularies that can be (re)used towards this goal, thus offering an approach that covers both the technical and semantic aspects of the procedure.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:01 GMT
       
  • Multimedia networking issues for digital video libraries
    • Authors: Dimitris N. Kanellopoulos et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The nature of video networking, coupled with various recent developments in standards, proposals and applications, poses great challenges to the research and industrial communities working in this area. This paper provides a tutorial and survey on recent advances in multimedia networking from an integrated perspective of both video networking and building digital video libraries. Design/methodology/approach We present an insightful analysis for recent and emerging multimedia applications in digital video libraries as well as on video coding standards and their applications in digital libraries. Emphasis is given on those standards and mechanisms that enable multimedia content adaptation fully interoperable according to the vision of Universal Multimedia Access vision. Findings The tutorial helps to elucidate the similarities and differences among the considered standards and networking applications. A number of research trends and challenges are identified, and selected promising solutions are discussed. This practice would needle further thoughts on the development of this area and open up more research and application opportunities. Research limitations/implications The paper does not provide methodical studies of networking application scenarios for all the discussed video coding standards and QoS management mechanisms. Practical implications The paper provides an overview of which technologies/mechanisms are being used broadly in networking scenarios of digital video libraries. The discussed networking scenarios bring together video coding standards and various emerging wireless networking paradigms towards innovative application scenarios. Originality/value QoS mechanisms and video coding standards that support multimedia applications for digital video libraries need to become well known by library managers and professional associations in the fields of libraries and archives. The comprehensive overview and critiques on existing standards and application approaches offer a valuable reference for researchers and system developers in related research and industrial communities.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:01 GMT
       
  • Because You’re You: factors influencing item selection in a digital
           sheet music collection
    • Authors: Midge Coates et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing user selection of individual works in a collection of digitized sheet music. Design/methodology/approach Google Analytics page view data were grouped by source (directing link) and correlated with five factors: (1) inclusion in a collaborative indexing project (Sheet Music Consortium); (2) browse list order; (3) cover appearance; (4) inclusion in mini-collections; and (5) presence of links to audio versions. Findings Four of the five factors examined showed some influence on user selection: (1) Works listed in the Sheet Music Consortium had more views/work than those not listed. (2) Works at the top of the Sheet Music Consortium browse list had more views by Consortium users than those lower down. (3) Works with cover graphics had more views/work than those with covers containing words alone. (4) Works included in mini-collections received more views/work from users with access to those mini-collections. (5) Works with links to audio versions did not have more views/work than works without links. Practical implications The most important finding of this study is that the best way to increase the use of individual collection items may be to participate in a large and well-known collaborative index such as the Sheet Music Consortium. Originality/value This is the first study using Google Analytics to examine factors influencing user selection of individual digital collection items.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:00 GMT
       
  • Application of Resource Dependency Theory and Transaction Cost Theory in
           analysing outsourcing information communication services decisions: a case
           of selected public university libraries in Kenya
    • Authors: Naomi Wangari Mwai et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The aim of this paper is to establish how Resource Dependency Theory (RDT) and Transaction Cost Theory (TCT) theories can inform decisions to outsource ICT services by Public University Libraries in Kenya. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted a multiple case study strategy in four selected public universities libraries in Kenya. Purposive sampling was used to identify respondents and data collection was done using a semi-structured interview schedule. Findings The study highlights how RDT and TCT theoretical perspectives illuminate some of the reasons, and problems associated with ICT outsourcing in Libraries. The paper concludes with recommendations and the way forward. Research limitations/implications The study was limited to the outsourcing of information technology services in four public university libraries in Kenya, namely Kenyatta University in Kahawa, Nairobi; Moi University in Eldoret; University of Nairobi in Nairobi; and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology in Juja, Thika. This being a qualitative study (and taking into consideration the subjective views where bias could occur), the researchers ensured that the research was reliable by recording and taking notes during the interviews and by using peer-debriefing and professionals in the field to ascertain their views. Practical implications The paper provides practical insights into outsourcing of IT services in Public University libraries and information centers in Kenya. This study is useful for university libraries, information professionals, information communication technology professionals and university management. Originality/value This research assesses IT outsourcing services in selected public academic libraries in Kenya.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:23:59 GMT
       
 
 
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