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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [781 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.874]   [H-I: 18]
  • Attitudes of law university library users towards the use of Web OPAC in
           Karnataka: A study
    • Authors: Devendra Naik et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This paper provides an overview of two law university libraries in the Karnataka state of southern India and their web-based online public access catalogue (web OPAC). Results from a survey of library users’ attitudes towards the use of the web OPAC, methods adopted to learn how to use the web OPAC, guidance sought to use the web OPAC, and the extent of use of the web OPAC search facilities in select law school libraries in Karnataka are reported Design/methodology/approach In order to study the users’ attitudes towards the use of the web OPAC in law university libraries in Karnataka, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to 300 users, including LLB students, LLM students, research scholars, and teaching staff. The sample population was chosen using the convenience sample method, and the researcher received 256 completed and usable questionnaires. A five point Likert scale was used in the research questionnaire. Typical statistical tests such as mean and standard deviation (SD) were applied for the purpose of accuracy. Findings The results of the survey indicated that 92.1% of respondents were using the web OPAC. Most of the web OPAC users strongly agreed that they learned to use the web OPAC from a library orientation program. It was found that there are positive attitudes towards the web OPAC search facility. The survey also found that the web OPAC search page has not given satisfactory guidance to web OPAC users. Practical implications This research paper produces findings of relevance to any academic library to develop and implement a user-friendly web OPAC service. Originality/value There have been no previous published research studies of the web OPAC and users’ attitudes in the law university libraries in Karnataka state.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:05 GMT
  • Will open access journals substitute big-deal subscriptions in engineering
           college libraries in India'
    • Authors: Nagaraja Aragudige et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose In India, many engineering colleges do not subscribe to journals through business subscription models or consortia and invariably a majority of them depend on open access journals to fulfil their users’ needs. In this paper, the authors analyse the impact of OA journals in engineering and technology institutions, if libraries are not subscribed to the journals through the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) mandatory packages. Design/methodology/approach The paper identifies the impact factors of mandatory journals made in big-deal subscriptions with the impact factors of open access journals available to access in DOAJ pertaining to engineering and technology. Findings The study reveals that journals subscribed through big-deal subscriptions have better impact in the scholarly communications than the open access journals. Research limitations/implications The results of this study cannot be generalized to all disciplines. Impact factors of journals can also be calculated by use of SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator, which uses the Scopus database. Publish or Perish can also be used to analyse Google Scholar rankings to identify the individual journal’s impact. Originality/value The result of the study is useful for selection of e-journals in big-deal subscriptions and it highlights the implications and impact of open access journals in engineering and technology.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:04 GMT
  • Web 2.0 tools: a survey of awareness and use by librarians in university
           libraries in Africa
    • Authors: Ebikabowei Emmanuel Baro et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The study aimed at investigating the level of awareness and use of Web 2.0 tools by librarians in university libraries in Africa. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire was used to collect data from 140 librarians from 16 leading university libraries in Africa. Findings The study revealed that librarians in Africa are mostly familiar with Web 2.0 tools such as social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), blogs, instant messaging, and wikis. It was also found that the most frequently used Web 2.0 tools by the librarians in university libraries in Africa are Facebook, instant messaging, blogs, Twitter, and wikis. The study revealed that the librarians use the Web 2.0 tools for the purpose of announcing library news/events, online reference services, training resources, blogging, and image and video sharing with users. Finally, lack of skills, power failure, lack of facilities such as computers with Internet access, lack of time, lack of interest were mentioned by the librarians as some of the challenges to using Web 2.0 tools. Practical implications These research results can also be consulted by interested librarians when they plan to make Web 2.0 applications in their libraries. Originality/value This study draws an overall picture of the Web 2.0 applications in university libraries in Africa and attempt to provide these libraries with helpful information to better understand how their colleagues elsewhere are utilizing Web 2.0 technologies in rendering library services.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:04 GMT
  • A simple scheme for bibliography acquisition using DOI content negotiation
    • Authors: Kun Ma et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose As managed scientific research papers increase at a higher rate, an accurate and automated scheme for bibliography acquisition is desirable. This paper aims to study a bibliography acquisition approach to verify the bibliography by author name from the integrated system and the metadata from the
      DOI content negotiation proxy. Design/methodology/approach In this study, we develop a framework using
      DOI content negotiation proxy as context for the entering of the bibliography. The bibliography acquisition architecture is composed of three points of view in order to reduce the complexity: terminal UI, service deployed in the cloud, and
      DOI content negotiation proxy. In order to simplify the service interface and support many kinds of bibliographic formats, we present the independent BibModel and its template-based model transformation engine to support rich bibliographic records. Findings An important finding of this article is that we do some significant development work to combine the open CrossCite
      DOI content service and
      DOI resolvers of registry agencies. As more than 95% of
      DOI s are owned or managed by CrossRef, DataCite, ISTIC, and mEDTA
      DOI registry agencies, it is a common universal approach for the scientific research paper results with
      DOI s. Practical implications Through a simple method built quickly from freely available parts, it is partially successful, suggesting the scheme can be integrated with third-party systems, such as the management system of scientific research results and the electronic journal management system. The analysis of the application’s effect shows the ability to verify the authenticity of the paper by author name from the system and the metadata from our
      DOI content negotiation proxy. Originality/value We propose an original and simple framework to acquire the metadata of bibliographies automatically. No detailed evaluative study has been carried out supporting both
      DOI content negotiation and resolver. This work shows how to implement the acquisition approach and how to integrate this framework with the current system.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:03 GMT
  • Scientometric analysis of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities' scientific
    • Authors: Alireza Noruzi et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This study examines research performance of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities, using the number of papers appearing in journals and proceedings, and the number of citations received by those papers as covered by Scopus, 1970-2012. This study also identifies subject coverage (domain/field) of publications and determines the preference of research communication channel within the research community.‬ Design/methodology/approach A total of 459 papers published by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities and indexed by Scopus during the given time period were considered. The source items (i.e., records of publications by the faculty members of the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities) were all the documents published in international journals and proceedings indexed by Scopus (an Elsevier bibliographic database) from the time period ranging from 1970 to 2012. All papers having an authorship or a co-authorship associated with the Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were included and the number of citations received by them was counted for the period. Findings The study found that major journals used by Iraqi-Kurdistan universities were Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine, Asian Journal of Chemistry, Hemoglobin, and Journal of Applied Sciences Research. Additionally, three older institutions (Salahaddin University-Hawler, University of Sulaimani, and University of Duhok) were the most productive universities. Moreover, the study revealed that 237 out of 459 (52%) of publications have international collaborations. It is further evident that among the 459 publications, 211 (40%) have been cited 1,020 times; while 248 (60%) of the papers have not been cited even once, so about 60% of the papers were invisible to world science during the study period. This study also noted that the 25 highly-cited papers were cited 484 times, representing 47% of all the citations (484 out of 1,020). This indicated a concentration effect, whereby a relatively small number of papers earn most of the citations and research impact generated by the faculty members of Iraqi-Kurdistan universities. Originality/value This is the first scientometric research to analyse Iraqi-Kurdistan universities’ scientific productivity.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:03 GMT
  • Exposing scholarly information as Linked Open Data: RDFizing DSpace
    • Authors: Nikolaos Konstantinou et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose This paper introduces a transformation engine which can be used in order to convert an existing institutional repository installation into a Linked Open Data repository. Design/methodology/approach We describe how the data that exists in a DSpace repository can be semantically annotated in order to serve as a Semantic Web (meta)data repository. Findings We present a non-intrusive, standards-compliant approach that can run alongside with current practices, while incorporating state-of-the art methodologies. Originality/value Also, we propose a set of mappings between domain vocabularies that can be (re)used towards this goal, thus offering an approach that covers both the technical and semantic aspects of the procedure.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:01 GMT
  • Multimedia networking issues for digital video libraries
    • Authors: Dimitris N. Kanellopoulos et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The nature of video networking, coupled with various recent developments in standards, proposals and applications, poses great challenges to the research and industrial communities working in this area. This paper provides a tutorial and survey on recent advances in multimedia networking from an integrated perspective of both video networking and building digital video libraries. Design/methodology/approach We present an insightful analysis for recent and emerging multimedia applications in digital video libraries as well as on video coding standards and their applications in digital libraries. Emphasis is given on those standards and mechanisms that enable multimedia content adaptation fully interoperable according to the vision of Universal Multimedia Access vision. Findings The tutorial helps to elucidate the similarities and differences among the considered standards and networking applications. A number of research trends and challenges are identified, and selected promising solutions are discussed. This practice would needle further thoughts on the development of this area and open up more research and application opportunities. Research limitations/implications The paper does not provide methodical studies of networking application scenarios for all the discussed video coding standards and QoS management mechanisms. Practical implications The paper provides an overview of which technologies/mechanisms are being used broadly in networking scenarios of digital video libraries. The discussed networking scenarios bring together video coding standards and various emerging wireless networking paradigms towards innovative application scenarios. Originality/value QoS mechanisms and video coding standards that support multimedia applications for digital video libraries need to become well known by library managers and professional associations in the fields of libraries and archives. The comprehensive overview and critiques on existing standards and application approaches offer a valuable reference for researchers and system developers in related research and industrial communities.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:01 GMT
  • Because You’re You: factors influencing item selection in a digital
           sheet music collection
    • Authors: Midge Coates et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing user selection of individual works in a collection of digitized sheet music. Design/methodology/approach Google Analytics page view data were grouped by source (directing link) and correlated with five factors: (1) inclusion in a collaborative indexing project (Sheet Music Consortium); (2) browse list order; (3) cover appearance; (4) inclusion in mini-collections; and (5) presence of links to audio versions. Findings Four of the five factors examined showed some influence on user selection: (1) Works listed in the Sheet Music Consortium had more views/work than those not listed. (2) Works at the top of the Sheet Music Consortium browse list had more views by Consortium users than those lower down. (3) Works with cover graphics had more views/work than those with covers containing words alone. (4) Works included in mini-collections received more views/work from users with access to those mini-collections. (5) Works with links to audio versions did not have more views/work than works without links. Practical implications The most important finding of this study is that the best way to increase the use of individual collection items may be to participate in a large and well-known collaborative index such as the Sheet Music Consortium. Originality/value This is the first study using Google Analytics to examine factors influencing user selection of individual digital collection items.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:24:00 GMT
  • Application of Resource Dependency Theory and Transaction Cost Theory in
           analysing outsourcing information communication services decisions: a case
           of selected public university libraries in Kenya
    • Authors: Naomi Wangari Mwai et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 6, September 2014. Purpose The aim of this paper is to establish how Resource Dependency Theory (RDT) and Transaction Cost Theory (TCT) theories can inform decisions to outsource ICT services by Public University Libraries in Kenya. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted a multiple case study strategy in four selected public universities libraries in Kenya. Purposive sampling was used to identify respondents and data collection was done using a semi-structured interview schedule. Findings The study highlights how RDT and TCT theoretical perspectives illuminate some of the reasons, and problems associated with ICT outsourcing in Libraries. The paper concludes with recommendations and the way forward. Research limitations/implications The study was limited to the outsourcing of information technology services in four public university libraries in Kenya, namely Kenyatta University in Kahawa, Nairobi; Moi University in Eldoret; University of Nairobi in Nairobi; and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology in Juja, Thika. This being a qualitative study (and taking into consideration the subjective views where bias could occur), the researchers ensured that the research was reliable by recording and taking notes during the interviews and by using peer-debriefing and professionals in the field to ascertain their views. Practical implications The paper provides practical insights into outsourcing of IT services in Public University libraries and information centers in Kenya. This study is useful for university libraries, information professionals, information communication technology professionals and university management. Originality/value This research assesses IT outsourcing services in selected public academic libraries in Kenya.
      PubDate: Tue, 23 Sep 2014 23:23:59 GMT
  • Libraries in the information age: A measure of performance, competencies,
           and constraints for academic librarians in Nigerian university libraries
    • Authors: Brendan Eze Asogwa et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose Institutional accreditation has compelled academic libraries in Nigerian to improve their quality, competencies, and performances for accountability. This paper measures the competencies of libraries in Nigerian universities, constraints to their performance and recommends infrastructures and competencies required in this century Design/methodology/approach The population of the study was all the University Librarians (UL) in the 89 universities in Nigeria from where the author drew 81 UL from the federal, state, and private universities. Questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection. Of the 81 sets of the questionnaire e-mailed to the University librarians, forty-nine were correctly filled and returned and represent 60.5% response rate. Data was analyzed by using frequency tables, simple percentages and bar chart. Findings The paper found that academic libraries and librarians in Nigeria are very effective in three key areas – educational roles, professional development, and research. They are weak in the provision and use of library resources in the cyberspace, adequate funding, collection development, and information technology skills. Consequently there is poor internet penetration, low bandwidth; unsteady power supply and poor internet proficiency. The paper recommends adequate funding as a strategy against the constraints. It stresses the urgent need for the development of effective performance indicators and a benchmark for appraising academic libraries in developing regions. Practical implications This study contributes to staff-library assessment since it links strategic objectives to performance measures and associated long term targets. It broadens issues that affect sustainable performance in academic libraries not only in Nigeria but also in Africa and other developing countries Originality/value While performance measurement is well established in developed countries, it is less or not so in Nigeria and other developing countries. The current research is seeking to develop a performance measurement framework for academic libraries that is testable in Nigeria and African context.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:13:07 GMT
  • Expectations versus experiences: Librarians using open source integrated
           library systems
    • Authors: Vandana Singh et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose This paper compares the technical support related experiences with the expectations of librarians using open source Integrated Library Systems. Design/methodology/approach A combination of surveys and triangulating interviews was conducted to obtain the results presented. Findings The results of this study indicate that there are many channels of technical support available to librarians who use open source Integrated Library Systems. Also, these channels of technical support perform at acceptable levels according to the expectations of librarians using open source software. Research limitations/implications The results presented in this study are self-reported expectations and experiences of librarians and not observed experiences. Practical implications The results from this study will provide an insight to librarians contemplating adoption or migration to open source integrated library systems. The results presented here will be useful in decision making as well as developing a strategy for technical support based on the presented options. Originality/value The interest in open source integrated library systems has been observed and studied in last decade but the technical support of open source systems, which is a critical component of the adoption process, has not received much attention. This paper focuses specifically on the technical support for open source integrated library systems and provides insight into the experiences of librarians.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:13:04 GMT
  • Information needs, perceptions, and quests of law faculty in digital era
    • Authors: Atul Ashokbhai Bhatt et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose Libraries have to play very important role in supporting legal education and legal research, the last decade has brought about a sea changes in relationship between library and user. Information Technology enabled products and services, and the availability of online information resources has changed the way of services in legal academic institution. In this context, library professionals working in legal academic library are require having a sound knowledge of the information needs, perception and information-seeking behavior of legal academicians and users for collection development, to provide effective library services and to meet the satisfaction of library users. The main purpose of this study is to establish the law faculty members’ information needs and determine the information seeking behavior of them to provide library resources and services in better way. Librarians are professionally committed to update a core, qualitative and need based collection for the optimum utilization of the resources for the greater satisfaction of the user community. Design/methodology/approach This study used questionnaire based survey methods. A questionnaire was designed and administered to law faculty to investigate the information-seeking behavior at Institute of Law, Nirma University (ILNU). The study is limited to faculty members of ILNU. Data was collected through the surveys based on well structured questionnaire and personal interviews; In-depth literature search on topics related to the research work was also carried out in other sources also reviewed. Findings The results of this research shows that law faculty members used range of information sources to peruse their teaching, research and academic work. When they use print resources considerable respondents preferred books/reference books, law reports, statues and journals. It is interesting to note that while respondents have indicated ILNU library as effective in meeting their information needs, they preferred to first consult their personal collection. The study also revealed that considerable respondents preferred to use ICT based library resources in compare to print resources, most of them are having a very good computing skills it may be due to availability, advancement and promotion of legal e-resources. Heinonline is most preferred online database followed by Westlaw India, and Manupatra. E-resources have become the vital part of legal profession in the present day it has rapidly changed the way of users’ perceptions and information needs. It is also noted that most of faculty members have ranked that Internet is more preferred than conventional documents for the teaching and internet has expedited the research process and dependency on internet has increased. They have also indicated their preferred internet access place is institute and is preferred search engine. Practical implications The findings of the paper will help LIS practitioners working in academic law libraries to address the key factor which influences users’ intention to seek information and to intensify their performance to meet user needs and perceptions, this will also useful to them in collection development in digital era. Originality/value The paper is relevant and useful to those who are interested to know the trends of information needs and determine the information seeking behavior and users perceptions for library resources of legal professionals. This study is also useful to librarians who are professionally committed to update a core, qualitative and need based collection for the optimum utilization of the resources for the greater satisfaction of the user community.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:13:03 GMT
  • SociaLib: A collaborative digital library model platform using Web 2.0
    • Authors: Sarandis Mitropoulos et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the SociaLib system, which is a collaborative Digital Library system. The system uses Drupal CMS to implement Web 2.0 functionalities and facilitate collaboration and cooperation between its users. It offers a variety of functions, like wikis, forums and it is also accessible from microbrowsers Design/methodology/approach The paper starts with a reference to collaboration in Digital Libraries and states related work. Then, it introduces the SociaLib system- how it was implemented and its functionalities. It also states how such a system can be embedded to a real life system and concludes with a reference to future work. Findings The system was evaluated using a usability questionnaire on a subject of 50 people. The results were promising, showing user acceptance and satisfaction, and high applicability of Socialib in the real life library environments. Originality/value This paper offer collaborative solutions to Digital Library users, helping them communicate and cooperate with colleagues on their research. The system uses Web 2.0 functions that enable the user to be more productive and also work mobile if he wishes.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:13:03 GMT
  • Seeking out collective wisdom: Cataloguers’ use of social media
    • Authors: Bridgit Siddall et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose This study explores the frequency with which Internet-based social media (namely wikis, blogs, forums and electronic mailing lists) are used by cataloguers to seek what Judith Hopkins (2002) defines as “specific (and immediate) current awareness” and “general current awareness”. The aim is to provide some insight into whether social media play a part in day-to-day practice and on-the-job learning of cataloguers. Design/methodology/approach A survey research was conducted. An online questionnaire was made available to self-selecting respondents via electronic mailing lists (AUTOCAT, CatSIG listserv, NZLibs listserv) and 176 responses were received. Findings The study found that general current awareness information was more frequently sought via Internet-based social media than specific (and immediate) current awareness. A statistically significant, weak positive correlation was found between the variables of "number of cataloguers working in an organisation" and "frequency of accessing social media to seek out cataloguing-specific information." A weak positive correlation was also found within the sample between the variables of “number of cataloguers working in an organization” and “frequency of accessing social media to seek general current awareness information.” Qualitative data was also gathered concerning the reasons respondents sought both specific and general current awareness information. Originality/value This research examines the assumption that cataloguers use social media tools to access what Hopkins has dubbed a "community of cataloguers" as one means of accessing informal continuing education.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:54 GMT
  • Open access LIS periodical and digital archives: An evaluation with
           reference to Asian countries
    • Authors: Neena singh et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose The paper reports the results of a study which investigated the growth of open access journals across the world with slant to Asian Region. Details of 117 OA journals were collected from DOAJ to determine the geographic distribution, language of publication and growth of periodical year wise. The study makes detail analysis of four open access periodical published from India, Iran, Pakistan and Taiwan. Pattern of authorship and contribution according to nature of professional work were analyzed. The study reveals that most contributions were made by teaching professionals in comparison to working library and information officers. Single authored contributions dominated (44%) in all periodicals of Asian Region indicating low amount teamwork/collaborative contributions to LIS research by the authors of this region. To know the Subject distribution of article the study was limited to 27 subfields within the broad spectrum of LIS . ALIS published from India carried the highest 165 no. of articles followed by JLIS from Taiwan. The findings of the study also indicates that there is varied distribution of topics within the Asian LIS literature published in OA journals. Most popular areas of writing among authors in open access journals have been found to be bibliometics, webometrics, research productivity or research methods besides information seeking pattern, information need of users and digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach Methodology TO gather data for the present investigation survey of open access e-journals was made across the web (www). The collection of data from open access journals and content was accompanied by searching the directory of open access journals (DOAJ) After selecting the open access journals these were analyzed using the descriptions on their content page and keywords chosen from each contributions. Selections of additional keywords i.e. words not in the title was also made. Analysis of this data is discussed in this paper. Findings Open access removes restrictions that exist on access to scholarly information and knowledge, it empowers the readers to read, down load, distribute and make use of relevant literature, besides giving authors and their work fairly good visibility, readership and impact. The open access movement is gaining importance and the scholarly community is now realizing that tolled or subscribed access is creating a barrier and preventing their work from wider accessibility and readership. A number of journals across the world are now being published in open access mode. The present study attempts to map the growth of LIS literature in OA journals with special reference to periodicals published from Asian countries. The finding of this sample study suggests that many counties are promoting open access journals. While USA ranks first in publication of OA journals in the world. Taiwan publishes the most in the Asian world. Majority of open access journals are published in English language and English appears to be most popular language for communicating research information. Out of four Open access LIS journals analyzed in detail it is observed that single authored contributions are most popular. Collaborative contributions to LIS research was not so evident among authors of Asian community. The teaching professionals or LIS teachers contributed the greatest number of articles except for the Indian journal of ALIS, which demonstrate that working professional are more actively involved in writing and they outnumber the teaching community. Contributions from research students in all OA journals has been fairly significant. Research students may be encouraged to publish their master’s and doctoral research work in open access periodicals for better visibility, readership and impact . The study further reveals that ALIS from India and JLIS from Taiwan carried the highest no of articles. While areas like Bibliometrics, webometrics and e-resources and open access are most popular areas of writing among Indian authors, Information seeking pattern, information need, digital and virtual libraries have been popular among authors from Taiwan. Webology from Iran has predominant articles on web study or evaluation and social networking. The Universities and LIS needs to come forward to take a need based approach to LIS research suggesting ways for improving existing LIS services in their respective countries. In order to get correct picture of growth of OA journal in Asian region more exhaustive and extensive study may be required. Researchers interested to carry further investigation will have to adopt appropriate measures to overcome the limitations mentioned in the study for example the source of data DOAJ may not be very extensive to give correct picture of OA journals. It is likely that some journals may not have been included in this directory. Researchers interested to carry further investigations will have to adopt appropriate measures to overcome these constraints. Research limitations/implications Scope and Limitation Access to data and timely completion are the two vital factor for the success and accomplishment of the objectives of any investigation. Hence, considering the vast range of literature from every geographical region and limited time to complete research the present study adhered to the following limitations. 1. The study covers in its scope literature published in the period of 5 years. (Accessed from 28th March to 25th May 2011 only) 2. The study includes only those publications/ journals contributed by authors in English. 3. The study includes four OA journals having full text articles in English, abstracts not included. 4. It considers those publications primarily slanted an...
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:50 GMT
  • Marketing information resources and services on the Web: Existing status
           of university libraries in Bangladesh
    • Authors: Md. Anwarul Islam et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose The present study addresses and analyzes the current status of university library websites in Bangladesh. Particularly it is focused all universities accredited by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh. The purpose of this paper is to describe the marketing initiatives taken by university libraries to promote collection and services to their clientele. Design/methodology/approach For this study, university library websites were examined using a checklist of criteria developed from the earlier studies and present websites. For the present study, a total of 57 university library websites were examined and most of the websites were visited at least two times during the assessment which started by checking the availability of direct and non-direct links from the home page of the parent institution followed by website assessment against the checklist. The paper also draws upon the authors’ personal experiences and observations. Findings It has identified from the present study that the websites are not fully utilized for marketing library resources and services and university libraries are far away from their promotional activities. A large majority of libraries did not make any effort to provide online literacy courses, live supports, copyright documents, online user surveys, networking and so on. Research limitations/implications The study is limited to Bangladeshi university libraries and generalization to others is to be cautioned but there are important lessons to be learnt. Practical implications This paper will be helpful to libraries planning to implement marketing strategic plan to improve its outreach to users and enhance the users’ image of the library. Originality/value The present study is new in Bangladesh and reveals several marketing strategies that may be useful to other academic libraries.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:47 GMT
  • Student opinion on the use of social networking tools in a library
           environment: A case study of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
    • Authors: AMIT KUMAR et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose Purpose- This paper focuses on to explore the students’ opinion of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, regarding the use of social networking sites/tools by library and their expectation from the library through social networking sites. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach- A survey was conducted using a well-designed questionnaire was circulated among 200 students studying in Jawaharlal Nehru University for the academic session 2011-2012. Findings Findings- The study explores that most of the students are in favor of using the SNS/tools by the libraries and they expect the services should be provided to them by libraries through SNS/tools as well. Research limitations/implications Research limitations/implications- The study geographical area was confined to the students of the JNU, New Delhi regarding their opinion on use of SNS/tools by the library. Originality/value Originality/value- The paper highlights the student opinion regarding the use of SNS by library and further explores the expectations of students from library through SNS/tool.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:42 GMT
  • Implementing the Koha Integrated Library System at the Independent
           University, Bangladesh: A practical experience
    • Authors: Nur Ahammad et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explain how I have carried out the implementation of Koha Open-source Integrated Library at IUB Library, explain how much easy to implement Koha in a library and encourage library professionals to implement Koha in their libraries. Design/methodology/approach The paper describes author's practical experiences regarding implementation of Koha Open-source Integrated Library System. Findings Koha has those functionalities which can fulfill library automation need of IUB library. That is why Koha is selected. Other librarians can easily implement Koha in their libraries. Practical implications This paper will help librarians to implement Koha in practical way to their libraries. The author implemented Koha at Independent University Bangladesh, library within three months and the author used migrated data from CDS/ISIS to MARC-21 for books and made new MARC-21 records for movies. Originality/value The author is the youngest library professional who implemented Koha at a private university library in Bangladesh. This will influence librarians to learn koha and implement Koha in their libraries.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:38 GMT
  • A study of UHF-RFID data model construction in university libraries
    • Authors: Jing Guo et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 5, September 2014. Purpose This paper puts forward a UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries, hoping to realize the opening, uniform, compatible and interoperable RFID application between different libraries and manufacturers. Design/methodology/approach This article uses practical application needs of university libraries as the starting point, and proposes the UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries based on the study of such standards as ISO 28560. Findings Based on practical application demand of university libraries and some international standards, the paper puts forward the UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries. Firstly, the scheme explains and defines six user data elements different from ISO28560: version, owner library identifiers, temporary item location, subject, ISSN and ISBN. Furthermore, different encoding rules for EPC data area and user data area are designed to achieve maximum work efficiency. Practical implications This paper tries to bring forward a set of referential UHF-RFID data model standards for university libraries. Hopefully, this standard will offer uniform data models for university libraries to comply with, integrate the disordered market and further make the opening, unified, compatible and interoperable RFID application possible. Originality/value Although there are several formally published RFID standard documents, they are primarily designed for High Frequency RFID technology. Concerning Ultra-high Frequency RFID technology, there are still no internationally unified data model standards. Hence, this paper brings forward the UHF-RFID data model construction scheme for university libraries.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:12:38 GMT
  • The Accidental Law Librarian
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, Page 587-588, July 2014.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Aug 2014 10:33:25 GMT
  • Collaborative Research in the Digital Humanities
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, Page 588-589, July 2014.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Aug 2014 10:32:59 GMT
  • Mergers and Alliances: The Wider View. Advances in Librarianship (Vol. 36)
    • Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, Page 589-590, July 2014.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Aug 2014 10:32:59 GMT
  • The librarian’s nitty-gritty guide to social media
    • Authors: Frank Peter Parry et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:24:09 GMT
  • Exploring education for digital librarians. meaning, modes and models.
    • Authors: Anne Goulding et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:47 GMT
  • Exploring switch intention of users’ reading behavior: an e-book
           reader case study
    • Authors: Hsiu-Sen Chiang et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose Amazon’s 2007 introduction of the Kindle e-book reader launched a new way of reading. The popularity of e-book readers has exploded over past several years. However, the Chinese market e-book reader market is still relatively underdeveloped and underexploited when compared with North America or other regions. At the time, it remained unclear whether consumers could be persuaded to abandon conventional printed books for the new device the Chinese market. Design/methodology/approach This research has gathered 352 valid questionnaire samples on Internet survey from the general population. Path analysis was used to investigate the causal relationships which were hypothesized by the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) methodology to identify key factors in intention to switch to the e-book reader. Findings The results indicate that, convenience and social influence were found to have a significant effect on consumer switching intention, while switching cost was found to be a significant obstacle to switching. This research also found that convenience of carry and operation of newly technological products will brings lower switching costs. Furthermore, it will lead consumers to have higher switching intention when surrounding friends and families have a good experiences and impressions of using new products. Thus, for the manufacturers and sellers of e-readers, they have to consider the easy-to-handle, convenient-to-carry on designing products. And the concept of higher social-influence and lower switching-cost shall lead the marketing strategies. Originality/value Recently, some researches efforts address what factors drive users’ willingness to use this new device for reading based on innovation diffusion theory or the technology acceptance model. Few studies has investigated adoption of e-readers for consumers’ perceived innovative and their perception of the costs. Hence, this paper studies the switching intention of readers through dimensions including new product attributes (compatibility, complexity, convenience, and e-book content), social influence, price, and switching costs, and verifies the relationships among these dimensions on Chinese market.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:29:14 GMT
  • Usage patterns and perception toward e-books: experiences from academic
           libraries in South Korea
    • Authors: Jae-Young Hwang et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose Recently, electronic book (e-book) usage and subscriptions at university libraries in South Korea have significantly increased. This study investigates and analyzes the usage patterns of e-book users and their perceptions of e-books from various perspectives. Design/methodology/approach We conduct an extensive survey of 959 e-book users at the five major university libraries, which subscribe to the most electronic books in South Korea. The survey contains structured questions as well as fields for open commentary to acquire various opinions. We also apply diverse analysis techniques, depending on the characteristics of the survey questions. Findings Since the early 2000s when e-books were first introduced, there has been a considerable change in perception and increase in usage of e-books at South Korean university libraries. Despite this progress, most functions of e-books are not fully utilized. We find the role of the library to be very important, as most users learn about and access e-books through the websites of university libraries, not through such portal sites as Google. The remarkable result is that users with higher education more easily recognize and have better experiences with e-book services. Originality/value This study draws extensive samples and objective questions compared to previous research. We also contrast our research results with the other studies conducted within and outside of South Korea. The research shows the changes and differences in perception and usage of e-books by period and country. More importantly, we suggest strategies to boost e-book use based on user demands.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:29:13 GMT
  • E-book reading among Spanish university students
    • Authors: Maria Pinto et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose This research shows data about Spanish higher-education students' usage, habits and perceptions regarding reading on new digital media in order to show the potential future of ebooks and reading mobile devices (e-readers, tablets, cell phones, etc) in academia. It explores whether demographics and academic factors might influence ebook reading habits and attitudes, and university students’ opinions about ebooks versus print books. REWIL 2.0, a purpose-built research tool, was applied in order to measure students’ opinions about digital reading in different media and formats, considering their academic context, at the confluence of analog and digital materials and learning. Likewise, REWIL 2.0 detects who are ebook readers and who are not, and produces a statistics indicator to identify five categories of ebook readers by their frequency of ebook reading. This research gathered 745 online surveys between April and July 2010 in fifteen degree programs at the University of Granada: Spanish philology, English philology, history, mathematics, chemistry, environmental sciences, education, library and information science, law, medicine, biology, dentistry, computer systems, architecture and civil engineering. Design/methodology/approach This present study is transversal applied research where 745 students were surveyed from fifteen different academic disciplines offered at the University of Granada (Spain), representing the five main discipline areas. The survey was carried out by means of a structured online survey, with REWIL 2.0 research tool. In order to ensure internal consistency of correlation between two different survey items designed to measure ebook reading frequency Pearson’s r reliability test was applied. Likewise, Persons’ Chi-squared statistics were applied to test the hypotheses and to detect if significant correlation existed between academic disciplines and ebook reading frequency measured through a Likert scale. Findings The present research is motivated by our interest in discovering what effect the current technological maelstrom and the rapid growth of new portable digital reading devices in the Spanish university environment are having on students’ lives, and the extent to which students have adopted new reading technologies. Our first aim is to establish who is reading ebooks in the University' A second aim is to answer the following question: Is the academic discipline a determinant factor in ebook reading habits and students’ attitudes about it' We began by considering the following hypotheses: • University students’ attitudes to ebook reading and the way they use them will be determined by the scientific discipline they study. • Students of humanities, social sciences and law will prefer to read traditional format books (printed paper), while students of experimental sciences, health and technical courses will prefer reading ebooks. • Students’ preferences will be determined by their previous reading experiences. Originality/value The main objective of the present study is to learn whether there are any notable differences among university students from distinct disciplines with regard to their attitude and behavior toward ebooks. We therefore set out to: 1) Identify the segment of the student population that does not read ebooks yet (non-ebook readers) from those who have already read at least one (ebook readers), and within this segment, the readers that have read ebooks recently (recent ebook readers). 2) Find out how frequently university students are reading in different formats (paper and digital), document types (book, written press, etc.), and languages (textual, multimodal, etc.). 3) Identify what channels are used to access ebooks. 4) Find out university students’ opinions on the advantages and disadvantages of reading ebooks as compared to traditional print books. 5) Identify the types of improvements or changes to the design-production-distribution-reception chain that students consider might help extend ebook reading.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:29:08 GMT
  • Making sense of business reference: a guide for librarians and research
    • Authors: Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:29:02 GMT
  • Technological and ethical antecedents of e-book piracy and price
           acceptance: evidence from the Spanish case
    • Authors: Carmen Camarero et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose The diffusion of e-readers and tablets has led to a spate of pirate copies of books. In the current work we analyze the driving factors of e-books illegal downloading and price acceptance from a theoretical perspective that embraces ethical and technological aspects. Design/methodology/approach The proposed model holds that the normative and the value consciousness, as well as the self-efficacy, the usefulness and the use of the new technology are determinants of the trend towards free downloads and the maximum acceptable price for e-books. Data are collected from a sample of 227 e-book reader devices’ users. Findings The results provide evidence that individuals are inclined towards piracy when they use and control the technology, whereas value consciousness mitigates illegal downloading and is basic to the individuals accept a higher price. Practical implications Bearing in mind that the spread of electronic device has led to an increase in downloads, raising awareness of the norms amongst individuals is essential if piracy is to be curtailed. In addition, actions aimed at endowing electronic books with value would encourage consumers to pay a higher price for them. Originality/value Few attempts have been made to apply ethics theories and technological acceptance model to the context of e-books piracy, and even, less effort has been devoted to analyze consumers’ price acceptance in the e-book industry.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:28:59 GMT
  • E-book publishing in Spain: the paradoxes of a dual model
    • Authors: José Antonio Cordón-García et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose Electronic publishing has transformed the business model of publishing houses in Spain in such a way that two models currently co-exist. . The specificities of each of these models were studied and the consequences of each model for the future of electronic publishing in Spain were analyzed. Design/methodology/approach The first stage of our study consisted in locating studies that would allows us to obtain useful indicators and statistic data regarding publication in Spain. The second stage of our study consisted of extracting from the sources cited above all data relevant to the study. To wit, these were the number of electronic books published, the major publishing houses offering electronic publications, the major platforms currently selling electronic books, presently available electronic reading devices, the rates of reading on all devices, reading rates itemized by age and educational background, and general tendencies in digital publishing and e-reading. Findings There are traditional publishers of mostly paper-based volumes, whose business models are based on having large catalogues of titles and large print-runs, though print-runs are increasingly smaller and bookseller returns increasingly larger. Intermediary agents operating under this model, for instance booksellers, are subject to ever-greater economic pressures, especially in the current crisis Originality/value In the study that follows, we attempt to analyze the characteristics behind these changes and learn to what extent these changes will affect the future models of publication and reading in Spain.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:28:59 GMT
  • Comparing electronic short books from the USA and the UK to South Africa:
           can they be successful in the South African trade book sector'
    • Authors: Jana Moller et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose This paper aims to investigate the electronic short books phenomenon from the USA and the UK which has spilled over to South Africa. By looking at the benefits these short books have for readers and authors, and the possible reasons for their success, the aim is to determine whether or not these books can be as successful a venture in South Africa as it has been elsewhere. Design/methodology/approach Information about electronic short books, or e-singles, is gathered from various sources, including press releases and sales results. Information is gathered to determine the receptiveness to electronic short books of the South African trade book reading market, the way South African publishers are presenting e-singles to the market, and what the future for e-singles may be. Findings The findings of this paper make it clear that e-singles have found a gap in the market, providing various benefits to authors and readers, which may have contributed to their success. In South Africa, the success of e-singles face unique obstacles, like a weaker reading culture and a poor awareness of e-books. Publishers need to make a bigger effort to become visible in the eyes of their readers, and need to think about better distribution strategies. Research limitations/implications With comparisons, accuracy is dependent on information provided by organisations (on their websites). Originality/value This paper offers information about a new publishing trend - only a few months in South Africa. It offers a look into the state of the trade book industry in South Africa, how e-singles may function in it, and what publishers of e-singles may do in order to ensure more success. It predicts the future of e-singles in South Africa based on its unique situation, pointing out what obstacles there may be to their uptake.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:28:57 GMT
  • Student response to e-books: study of attitude toward reading among
           elementary school children in Kuwait
    • Authors: Abdus Sattar Chaudhry et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose The main objective of the paper is to investigate the impact of e-books on attitude toward reading among elementary school students. The paper also reflects on issues related to readings and e-books. Design/methodology/approach Experimental method of research was used to carry out the study. Experiment was conducted on 4th grade students in an international school in Kuwait. The control group consisted of nine students. The experimental group had 16 students: eight read the book under the 'read-to-me' feature and the other half read the book alone. Students in the two groups were assigned readings randomly and their reactions were studies and compared using different methods. Findings The experiment demonstrated that students enjoyed reading the electronic medium more than the paperback alternative. The difference, however, was not significant. In addition, difference between the comprehension levels of the three conditions was also insignificant. Students did, however, finish reading the paperback book in a significantly shorter time. Research limitations/implications A pilot study would have been desirable an also the number of questions asked in the comprehension test could have been expanded. We were also not able to explore the possibility of using an automated tool to record the reading time. The two reading instruments used (ipads and ipods) might have affected the students’ understanding and enjoyment of the book, although no noticeable differences were found. Practical implications The experiment indicted that one of the apparent benefits of reading the e-book was its built-in picture dictionary, since the book used in the study incorporated a lot of word coinage in his texts. Lessons learnt from the study can benefit in enhancing features of e-books and designing reading programs to help build more positive attitude toward reading among children. Originality/value Little research has been reported in the literature on investigation of e-books toward reading attitude particularly using empirical studies or experimental research. Most literature focuses on availability of e-books and their features. This study makes a good contribution to the literature on this important aspect of research and makes available useful practical information as well.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:19:58 GMT
  • An evaluation of the functionality and accessibility of e-readers for
           individuals with print disabilities
    • Authors: Stephanie L Maatta et al
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2014. Purpose This study examines the usability of three popular e-reading devices to determine which device provides the best functionality for individuals with print disabilities. Adaptability and flexibility for use with assistive technology are also evaluated. Design/methodology/approach This study reports the results of a usability test of e-reading devices and their potential for use by individuals with print disabilities. Students enrolled in a School of Library and Information Science evaluated and compared the devices through a series of tasks designed to measure functionality. Participants completed a series of questionnaires and engaged in small group discussion about the efficacy of the devices. Likert scales and open-ended evaluation were employed in the evaluation and analysis. Findings Two of the three devices examined offered no accessibility features for individuals with low or no vision who require assistive technologies in order to use information and communication technologies. The third device, while offering greater universal access functionality for individuals with mild to moderate print disabilities, also had weaknesses for individuals with severe print disabilities. Originality/value With the rapid deployment of e-reading devices, little research has been completed measuring the accessibility and functionality for individuals with print disabilities in library or educational environments. The paper provides data on the usability of e-readers for users with print disabilities and recommendations for adopting e-reader use in libraries and educational environments. It will inform and guide information professionals seeking to provide greater access to resources for patrons with specialized access needs.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:19:57 GMT
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