Journal Cover The Electronic Library
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   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • Understanding Chinese users’ switching behaviour of cloud storage
    • First page: 214
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This research aims to explore the switching intention and behavior of Cloud Storage Services (CSS) individual users in China by integrating the variables of switching cost and habit into the Expectation Disconfirmation Theory. Design/methodology/approach Based on 419 valid responses, structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the research model. Findings The results indicated that perceived usefulness and expectation disconfirmation have a positive and negative effect on user satisfaction respectively. While expectation disconfirmation has a negative impact on perceived usefulness, user satisfaction positively affects users’ habit and switching cost. At the same time, switching intention is affected significantly and negatively by perceived usefulness, user satisfaction, as well as switching cost, where in switching intention and habit can commendably predict switching behavior. The results can guide for CSS providers on how to successfully retain users in the competitive CSS market. Originality/value Previous researches have investigated the effects of perceived usefulness, switching cost and user traits on CSS adoption and continuance intention, as well as behavior, they neglected the antecedents of switching cost and the effect of user habit on them. Additionally, relatively few studies have been devoted to an empirical examination of the switching behavior from a particular CSS product to its rival products at the individual user level. This research tries to fill these gaps.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0080
  • Information seeking behaviour of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in
    • First page: 233
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The present research has been conducted in order to compare information-seeking behavior of ordinary and elite saffron farmers in Iran. Design/methodology/approach The study sample consisted of 375 saffron farmers (295 ordinary and 80 elite saffron farmers) whom were selected through use of cluster sampling method. Data were collected by a kind of researcher-made questionnaire. Findings The results showed saffron onion, pesticides and cultivators, and farmland worker were the main components of saffron farmers’ information seeking behavior of both groups. The most important sources of information for both groups included reference to past experience, neighboring saffron farmers, contact with informants, and other family members. The main criteria which affected the behavior of the two groups on the use of information sources were provided information in local language, native people, clear and intelligible information, and low cost. Farmers were also confronted with common problems such as lack of attention to the needs of farmers, and insufficient number of technical experts. It was also found that there was no significant relationship between information seeking behavior of elite and ordinary saffron farmers and their performance. Originality/value Saffron is one of the most important agricultural export products in Iran and this paper is the first research in this subject and the paper results can develop information seeking behaviour of farmers.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0048
  • Adolescents’ social reading: motivation, behaviour, and their
    • First page: 246
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Using the case of reading via WeChat in China, this study aims to explore adolescents’ social reading motivation and behavior. It also examines how the specific dimensions of reading motivation contribute to the different aspects of social reading behavior. Design/methodology/approach This study utilized survey approach, which gathered 1039 valid responses from a cluster sampling in 14 middle and high schools in Shanghai, China. Findings The results indicated that social reading motivation was a multidimensional construct, which included the dimensions of Social Interaction, Self-Development, Peer Recognition, Information Acquisition, Personal Interests, and Time Killing. The research also found that different motivational dimensions exerted different influences on adolescents’ social reading activities. Specifically, the motivations of Time Killing and Self-Development are significant predictors of both the Reading Act and Socializing Act. However, Information Acquisition and Personal Interests were significant predictors only of the Reading Act, while Social Interaction and Peer Recognition significantly predicted the Socializing Act. Research limitations/implications The findings would be valuable for those who develop reading programs or administer adolescents’ reading practice. This study can help them understand the complexity of adolescents’ social reading motivation and distinguish between its different dimensions. Originality/value The study provides important insights into the nature of adolescents’ social reading motivation and how it relates to their social reading behavior. It not only confirmed the multidimensionality of social reading motivation as a construct, but also expanded the exploration of reading motivation and behavior to the social media arena.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0239
  • Empowering academic librarians for effective e-services: an assessment of
           Web 2.0 competency levels
    • First page: 263
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper was to assess the Web 2.0 competencies levels of academic librarians in selected libraries from two library consortia KLISC in Kenya and GAELIC in South Africa, and how these competencies can be sources of empowerment for the effective provision of e-services. As service organizations, academic libraries face challenges similar to those in other service sectors. One of the major challenges includes that of providing not only quality print resources but also quality e-services. Globally, academic librarians use various Web 2.0 technologies to engage with their library users and colleagues, and for their information work. Academic librarians are now more than ever expected to be empowered and build diverse voices, perspectives, and arguments into library collections and services. Most of the youths (academic library users) in developing countries like Kenya and South Africa are heavy users of Web 2.0 technologies. This presents a challenge for their academic librarians who must augment their traditional library skills with Web 2.0 technologies for provision of effective e-services. This study explores the interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 competencies for effective e-services. Design/methodology/approach Survey method of research was used to conduct the study. Purposive sampling was used to select a homogeneous sample of academic librarians and libraries that use the Web 2.0 technologies. An online questionnaire with both closed and open ended questions was used to collect data. The Web 2.0 competency levels were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. To achieve more robust findings and to illustrate the implications of Web 2.0 for librarian empowerment, the ATLAS.ti software was used to illustrate interconnections between librarian empowerment, traditional librarian skills and Web 2.0 technologies. The emerging codes and themes are presented in three network views. Findings The findings from the quantitative data indicate that the majority of the librarians have intermediate competency levels in Web 2.0 technologies. The findings from the qualitative data show that Web 2.0 tools and librarian empowerment can be used to illustrate interconnections in content collaboration tools, bookmarking tools and SNSs. Web 2.0 competencies can transform knowledge sharing activities, augment existing authoritative information service, foster interaction and market information products and services. This study redefines librarian empowerment through competency in Web 2.0 tools and new roles for effective e-services. Originality/value This paper proposes that librarian empowerment through Web 2.0 competencies is essential in augmenting traditional library skills and in providing effective e-services. This manuscript describes original work and is a re-submission EL-08-2015-0143.R1 due to expired deadline in this journal. Both authors approved the manuscript and this submission.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2015-0200
  • Global research on information literacy: a bibliometric analysis from 2005
           to 2014
    • First page: 283
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This paper examines the literature published on information literacy (IL) from 2005 to 2014 and reveals key aspects of IL publication trends. Design/methodology/approach The study analyses the literature indexed in Web of Science Database on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 and employed the required bibliometric measures to analyze specific aspects of publishing trends. Findings The findings of the study reveal that increase in literature on information literacy from 2005 to 2014 is noticed. A high amount of annual growth of literature on information literacy is observed for the year of 2007, 2008 and 2011. “Pinto, M”, and The “University of Granada, Spain”, was productive author. Journal of Academic Librarianship was the most productive journal with 97 articles being published for the period. USA is the most contributing country. “Digital divide”, “media literacy”, “pedagogy”, “higher education”, and “critical thinking”, are current research topics in the information literacy domain. Originality/value The paper is very useful for researchers to learn about trends in the literature on information literacy, as well as possible areas for further research, and provides the names of the most productive authors, organizations, and countries, along with the most popular IL keywords.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:48Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-08-2015-0160
  • Authorship of Iranian chemistry articles: an actuarial approach
    • First page: 299
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this article is to apply some concepts of actuarial statistics to the authorship of Iranian ISI articles in the field of chemistry based on Price’s model. The study determines scientific birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, natural increase rate and life expectancy. Design/methodology/approach Price maintained that authors in each given period in any field fall into four categories including newcomers, transients, continuants, and terminators. He suggested that actuarial statistics could be applied to authorship to calculate death rate and birth rate in scientific fields. A total 25,573 articles written by 59,661 Iranian chemistry authors between 1973 and 2012 were downloaded from Web of Science and were subjected to statistical analysis. Findings The average birth rate was 66.7%, the average death rate was 19.4%, infant mortality rate was 51.2%, average natural increase was 47.3%, the average life expectancy was 1.98 years and the longest scientific age was 22 years. The results show that although a large number of people start their scientific activity, the number of those who terminate their activity in the same year as they start (infant mortality rate) is also large and little continuity exist in publishing activities of Iranian chemists. Research limitations/implications The findings have implications for the planning of human resources in science. They could help maintain a stable scientific labor force and decide for instance whether a larger number of scientists should be trained and hired or the barriers should be removed so the existing scientists can work for more years. The limitation is that the study is restricted to ISI articles while they are not the only kind of scientific output. Originality/value This is the first study of its kind on Iranian scientific output. It shows that the overall labor force in the field of chemistry in Iran was not satisfactory as the majority of authors in each period are transients. There is a need for better planning for the labor force.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:20Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0022
  • Digital preservation policies of the institutional repositories at
           Brazilian federal universities
    • First page: 311
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This article aims to verify the implementation of digital preservation policies at the institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities Design/methodology/approach The methodology used involved the verification of the information available in the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) and on the websites of the institutional repositories, in order to confirm the existence of published digital preservation policies. We used a sample of the 26 institutional repositories of Brazilian Federal Universities registered with OpenDOAR, which represents 68% of these repositories. Findings The main conclusion is that the institutional repositories of these universities do not have any published digital preservation policies, even though some repositories state their intention of preserving digital material in their institutional information policy. Originality/value The stakeholders of institutional repositories need to implement a programme to guide their activities to preserve digital materials in the long-term. In fact, similarly to examples worldwide, this programme should take the form of an institutional commitment outlined in a digital preservation policy. Institutional repositories at Brazilian Federal Universities still have a long way to go in order to guarantee access to digital materials in the long-term.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-09-2015-0170
  • Student reading lists: evaluating the student experience at the University
           of Huddersfield
    • First page: 322
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose To evaluate the bespoke Resource List Management System (MyReading) at the University of Huddersfield. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was designed to assess student use of MyReading and their views on potential improvements. The survey used closed questions designed to obtain quantitative data. Thematic analysis was used to analyse qualitative data obtained from open questions to obtain. Findings The paper supports findings of another recent study which found that reading lists are perceived as more important by students than by lecturers. A variety of positive and negative themes emerged which pointed to this conclusion. Positive themes were: the perceived helpfulness of reading lists; students' view of MyReading as a starting point for independent further reading; ease of use of MyReading and the time saving afforded to students; the value students place on their reading lists as being "quality assured" by lecturers. Negative themes were: inconsistency in the length and structure of lists; concerns that some lists are not regularly updated; lack of awareness of functionality revealing training needs for students and lecturers; suggestions for future enhancements to MyReading. Another finding from the quantitative data is a clear link between low use of reading lists by students in certain Schools and low use of other library resources. Practical implications The research provides guidance to universities regarding future development of Resource List Management Systems and promotional and training needs. Originality/value The study adds rich information to the existing body of qualitative research on students' perceptions of their reading lists.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:21Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0252
  • A cyclical learning model to promote children’s online and on-site
           museum learning
    • First page: 333
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This study proposes an online and on-site cyclical learning model (OOCLM). It considers how combining digital applications can promote a museum’s virtuous learning cycle between online and on-site spaces for children. Design/methodology/approach A practical cyclical learning service has been successfully implemented in a science museum in Taiwan. This provides a thematic game-based learning environment, allowing all the children to create their unique museum experiences before, during and after their visit. A questionnaire was developed to examine the children’s perceptions of the OOCLM to ascertain whether they were satisfied with the pre-visit, on-site visit and post-visit services offered. Findings The learning model considered the contextual factors that influence digital applications in museums. The digital and physical resources are well-integrated and the museum’s online and on-site services are linked to effectively promote children’s cyclical learning. Practical implications The results show that most of the children highly appreciated the learning model. The model presents an interactive learning environment for children’s cyclical learning and repeat visits. Originality/value The OOCLM considers the related contextual influences of digital applications in museum learning it effectively bridges the museum’s online and on-site services to promote the museum’s virtuous learning cycle and long-term museum learning resource management. This study provides a benchmark example to develop sustainable cyclical learning services for target visitor groups, and to motivate their long-term interaction with the museum.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-01-2016-0021
  • We should be just a number and we should embrace it
    • First page: 348
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose This viewpoint article supports the use of unique identifiers for the authors of scientific publications. This, we believe, aligns with the views of many others as it would solve the problem of author disambiguation. If every researcher had a unique identifier there would be significant opportunities to provide even more services. These extensions are proposed in this paper. Design/methodology/approach We discuss the bibliographic services that are currently available. This leads to a discussion of how these services could be developed and extended. Findings We suggest a number of ways that a unique identifier for scientific authors could support many other areas of importance to the scientific community. This will provide a much more robust system that provides a much richer, and more easily maintained, scientific environment. Originality/value The scientific community lags behind most other communities with regard to the way it identifies individuals. Even if the current vision for a unique identifier for authors were to become more widespread, there would still be many areas where the community could improve its operations. This viewpoint paper suggests some of these, along with a financial model that could underpin the functionality.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-04-2016-0090
  • Dynamic e-book guidance system for English reading with learning portfolio
    • First page: 358
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Learners were provided with personalized and adaptive articles in a dynamic real-time manner, and to improve learners’ interest in and motivation for learning English through an appropriate e-book assistance mechanism, thus increasing their English reading comprehension skills. Design/methodology/approach In addition to their general auxiliary functions, the e-books were designed to provide other relevant auxiliary functions to meet the English reading learning requirements that arise. The e-book was also equipped with a personalized reading guidance and assistance mechanism for conducting systematic assessments and calculations on the basis of the learner's reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and connections between articles. Findings The personalized reading guidance and assistance strategy, which provided articles in line with the learners’ personal abilities and presented the articles in a correlated method, facilitated learners’ progressive learning and improved their reading comprehension abilities. Learners’ confidence and satisfaction toward English reading can be improved effectively through adaptive guidance. Originality/value A real-time and dynamic reading guidance strategy was established in this study by considering the learner’s reading comprehension skills, article difficulty and difficulty stratification, and the connections between articles.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-11-2015-0221
  • Library performance evaluation in a dynamic environment using patron
    • First page: 374
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2017.
      Purpose Purpose of this paper: the purpose of this article is to propose a new model for studying the patron’s satisfaction level over time for library systems. For this purpose, it is necessary to identify key factors that are influential in nature. Thereafter, this paper explains and demonstrates the procedure used for developing the casual loop diagram, the flow diagram, mathematical modeling, and the simulation of the problem. A sample problem is used to show the applicability of the proposed model. Due to the fact that the proposed methodology allows management to look into the patrons’ satisfaction level over time, it makes a significant contribution to the literature of the library and information management as well as dynamic simulation modeling. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach: This paper is written based upon the researches and observations from scientific journals and reports. For model development purposes, this author has employed the concept of systems thinking and system dynamics to model the complex systems and simulate that using Vensim computer simulation software. Findings Findings: As the trend of patron’s satisfaction shows, it is possible to improve the satisfaction level over time to a level above 60% from 48% over the simulation running periods. Meanwhile, the level of donation is up from 10 percent to 40 percent in the same period as the satisfaction level has been studied. Since this is the first article that looks into such important variables over time using system dynamics, it makes significant contribution to the field of library and information management. Originality/value What is original/value of paper: In almost all library models for patron’s satisfaction calculation, th proposed models are static and can find this value for a point of time rather than over a long period of time. In this article, a system with an initial value of patron’s satisfaction level was employed and by taking all key factors into consideration, author has developed a system that calculate patron’s satisfaction trend over time. Also, the proposed dynamic model is able to determine the level of donations that patrons can make to the library over time.
      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T03:02:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2015-0022
  • Big Data, Little Data: Scholarship in the Networked World
    • Pages: 391 - 391
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 391-391, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:20:02Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-10-2016-0222
  • The Complete Guide to Using Google in Libraries. Volume 2: Research, User
           Applications, and Networking
    • Pages: 392 - 392
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 392-392, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:20:11Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-12-2015-0245
  • Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic
    • Pages: 393 - 393
      Abstract: The Electronic Library, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 393-393, April 2017.

      Citation: The Electronic Library
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T12:18:45Z
      DOI: 10.1108/EL-02-2016-0039
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