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Journal Cover The Electronic Library
   [733 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0264-0473
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.874]   [H-I: 18]
  • Efficiency of e-learning in an information literacy course for medical
           students at the Masaryk University
    • Authors: (Jiri Kratochvil
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - The main goal of this paper is to argue E-learning can be a viable alternative teaching method for Information Literacy according to a comparation of librarian’s time spent face-to-face teaching with tutoring the E-learning course, average time spent a week on learning by the students, time flexibility of E-learning, students’ satisfaction with E-learning and students’ ability to gain practical skills and theoretical knowledge through E-learning.Design/methodology/approach - Satisfaction of medical students with E-learning and their average weekly time spent learning was assessed through surveys designed in Google Documents. Weekly time spent by students learning in class and the number of librarian teaching hours were set by the university schedule and time spent on tutoring E-learning was measured. Details of accesses to study materials and submission of tasks as well as exam results were collected from Masaryk University Learning Management System.Findings - In 2011 50% less time was expended on tutoring E-learning than time spent with the same number of students in the previous three years in the classroom. One third of the students learned for more hours a week with E-learning than students in class. No significant difference in gained theoretical knowledge between these students was found. On average 90% of tasks submitted to E-learning were correct the first time. E-learning was appreciated by the students for its time (93%) and space (83 %) flexibility, the online materials (62%) and self-managing learning time (55%). Details of access to the study materials confirmed time flexibility.Originality/value - Due to time saved and considering the lack of any significant difference in the knowledge gained by students, E-learning can be a viable alternative teaching method for Information Literacy.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Cost efficiency and service effectiveness for university e-libraries in
    • Authors: (Ling-Feng Hsieh; Jiung-Bin Chin, Mu-Chen Wu
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - This paper constructs a model of cost efficiency and service effectiveness for university e-library in order to allocate e-resources cost and attain quality of service enhancement and cater the needs of readers with existing e-resources.Design/methodology/approach - The paper establishes an assessment model for the cost efficiency and service effectiveness of a university e-library in Taiwan. It then proceeds with an empirical study and analysis of related data collected from e-libraries of 16 universities. A discussion of the results of the study and suggestions for the adjustment of the university e-libraries follows.Findings - The paper combines two models of cost efficiency and service effectiveness for the first time in order to analyse and consider the output results created by the input cost of university e-libraries in Taiwan and their utilization by readers.Originality/value - The paper builds a figure for the relationship of e-library cost efficiency and service effectiveness at 16 universities in Taiwan and then divides it into four types.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Exploring the fit of e-books to the needs of medical academics in
    • Authors: (Concepción Shimizu Wilson; John D'Ambra, Robyn Drummond
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - This study explores the extent to which e-books fit the needs of medical academics of the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in the performance of their academic tasks.Design/methodology/approach - A web-based survey was distributed to all UNSW academics in Medicine and 224 completed responses were analyzed according to the attributes of a task-technology fit (TTF) model developed for e-books in academic settings.Findings - Although the UNSW Library had access to over 225,000 e-books, usage by medical academics was relatively low (38%); however, most (92%) predicted that they would be using e-books within the next five years. Nearly two-thirds (65%) had portable devices including smart phones, and 90% rated the ability to search across full text in an e-book of moderate to high importance. Research tasks dominated the use of e-books and 71% agreed that e-books helped improve their overall productivity.Research limitations/implications - Only 224 (8%) of 2,790 medical academics at UNSW participated in the study. The low response rate and over-representation of research only academics limit the extent of generalization of the findings. Originality/value - This is the first study on the use of e-books among academics in the Faculty of Medicine – comprising nearly 64% of all UNSW academic staff. The findings highlight the extent of e-books used by medical academics and their enthusiasm for access to digital resources. There is also the suggestion that the library must continue to develop services to ensure delivery of task-compatible e-books to medical academics in increasingly mobile environments.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Public library staff’s perceived value and satisfaction of an open
           source library system
    • Authors: (Barbara Albee; Hsin-liang Chen
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - The study examined public library staff attitudes towards an open source library automation system in the state of Indiana. The researchers were interested in understanding library staff’s perceptions of the value of the system in performing their job duties and improving library services.Design/methodology/approach - The researchers travelled to nine public libraries every three months to survey library staff from January to December 2010. The participants completed the surveys at the libraries and were given the option to remain anonymous. The survey consisted of six questions regarding the use of the Evergreen system for work processes and basic demographic information from staff. There were a total of 323 survey respondents. Of the 323 respondents, 57 (17.65%) used the Evergreen system in their daily work routines at the library.Findings - The primary benefits reported were: ability to check the availability of library materials at other Evergreen libraries via the shared catalog, the Evergreen system provided more functionality than their previous library automation systems, and the ability to reserve materials for patrons. Research limitations/implications - This was a convenience sample. All survey participants provided their responses voluntarily during the 12-month study period. A more comprehensive sampling procedure should be considered in the future. Originality/value - The study indicated needed improvements for the Evergreen Indiana system. Those improvements were also relevant to other open source integrated library systems.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Graduate students appreciate Google Scholar, but still find use for
    • Authors: (Ming-der Wu; Shih-chuan Chen
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - Google Scholar has provided a convenient alternative for finding scholarly documents since its inception in 2004 and has become a favored tool for numerous academics. Knowledge of patrons’ usage patterns and attitudes toward Google Scholar will assist librarians in designing appropriate instruction programs to improve students’ research abilities. This study examines how graduate students perceive and use Google Scholar. Design/methodology/approach - This study interviews 32 graduate students from National Taiwan University whose fields of study are the humanities (10 students), social sciences (11 students), and science and technology (11 students). Findings - Students prefer the usability of Google Scholar over library databases. However, they appreciate the quality of documents retrieved from library databases and regard these databases as crucial tools for finding scholarly documents. Science and technology students favored Google Scholar more than those who study the humanities and social sciences.Research limitations/implications - This study only examines the perceptions and behavior of graduate students. Future studies should include undergraduate students to investigate their use of Google Scholar, thereby obtaining a comprehensive understanding of various patrons of university libraries.Practical implications - This study shows that graduate students appreciate and use Google Scholar to find scholarly documents, although some students experience difficulties. The findings of this study may assist university libraries in improving their instruction programs.Originality/value - The majority of previous studies have focused on coverage, quality, and retrieval performance of Google Scholar. However, this study evaluates Google Scholar from a user’s perspective.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Impact of automation on library services in selected management institutes
           at Aligarh: a survey
    • Authors: (Mohammad Anas; Jafar Iqbal, Parvez Ahmad
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - The purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of automation on library management services of selected four management institutes at Aligarh.Design/methodology/approach - The investigators used fashioned questionnaire and informal interviews. They choose sample on the basis of a stratified sampling method and administer the questionnaire according to random method for collecting the data.Findings - The study revealed 3 libraries out of 4 are partially automated, with the exception of Al-Barkaat which is completely automated. Seventy percent of librarians believe that automation has improved their library’s services, while 85 percent users believe that an automated library system is better than the traditional manual system. Of the four libraries, three have a shortage of general staff and three also lack qualified specialized staff to deal with automation.Research limitations/implications - The investigators could only select four management institutes because of time and logistic constraints, despite Aligarh being the educational hub of western Uttar Pradesh.Originality/value - Although many studies of the same kind have already been conducted on library automation in different areas of world, this paper revealed the current status of automation in libraries of selected management institutes at Aligarh.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Status of digital heritage preservation management in Eastern Africa
    • Authors: (Stephen Mudogo Mutula
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - The primary purpose of this paper was to assess the status of digital heritage preservation management in Eastern Africa. The following research objectives were addressed: investigate digital heritage preservation management in Eastern Africa, find out the content which is prioritized for digital preservation, describe the challenges of digital heritage preservation management in Eastern Africa, and propose a framework to address challenges of digital heritage preservation in Eastern Africa.Design/methodology/approach - This paper is based on a literature review and an analysis of national digitization efforts in Eastern Africa. The research objectives were addressed using Document Lifecycle and WSIS Action Lines 2, 3, 8 as the theoretical frames.Findings - Results revealed growing awareness among institutions with statutory responsibility for heritage management about digital heritage preservation in Eastern Africa through the support of international agencies, civil societies, and governments. However, institutions with responsibility for heritage management were ill-equipped to function in this role effectively. Content of academic, commercial, parliamentary and judicial, and international treaties value were the preferred candidates for digitisation. The findings revealed several challenges hampering digital heritage preservation management: weak policy and regulatory frameworks, limited capacity, inadequate government support, and limited connectivity and bandwidth. Originality/value - Many countries in Eastern Africa are making efforts to preserve their national heritage through digitalization in order to bridge the content divide between the region and the developed world so as to enhance access by its people, not only to their respective national heritages but also for international information systems knowledge. However, most of these efforts remain undocumented making it difficult to make comparisons with similar best practices around the world.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • Library resources semantization based on resource ontology
    • Authors: (Fan Yu; Junping Qiu, Wen Lou

      Purpose - The paper aims to solve the disadvantages of content-based domain Ontology (CDO) and metadata-based domain Ontology (MDO), and improve organization and discovery efficiency of library resources by Resources Ontology (RO).Design/methodology/approach - The paper constructed a RO model. Methods of Informetrics are utilized to reveal semantic relationships among library resources. Methods of Ontology, Ontology-Relational database Mapping (O-R Mapping), and relational database modelling are utilized to construct RO. Take author co-occurrence for example, the paper demonstrated the capability of RO model.Findings - RO not only revealed the deep-level semantic relationships of metadata of library resources, but also realized totally computer automatic processing. RO improved the efficiency of knowledge organization and discovery.Research limitations/implications - Semantic relationships revealed by RO are limited to simple metadata, which makes it difficult to reveal fine-grained semantic relationships. Ongoing research focuses on the revelation of semantic relationships based on title and abstract.Practical implications - The paper includes implications for utilizing methods of Informetrics to construct Ontology.Originality/value - This paper proposed a standardized process of Ontology construction in library resources. It may be of potential interest for anyone who needs to effectively organize library resources.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
  • What do users prefer, card catalog or OPAC' A study of Punjab
           University Library
    • Authors: (Alia Arshad; Farzana Shafique
      Abstract: Abstract

      Purpose - The purpose of the study is to determine the most preferred catalog format - Card Catalog or Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) for searching library material in oriental languages i.e., Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Punjabi, Hindi, Sanskrit, Sindhi and Pashto etc. of the Central Library, University of the Punjab, Lahore. It also explores the users’ searching behavior for finding the library material in oriental languages.Design/methodology/approach - A purposive sample of 100 respondents was chosen for this study. The questionnaire contained both close-ended and open-ended questions. SPSS (version 11.5) was used for quantitative analysis of data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for reaching at conclusions. The qualitative data analysis software ‘X-Sight’ was used for analyzing the qualitative data. Findings - The study highlights the importance of both types of catalog. Many of the findings of the study related to the card catalog and OPAC are surprising when compared to their general perceptions. It is important to note that the users perceived the card catalog as more effective for searching the library material in oriental languages. However, they also face many problems while using the both types of catalog. Originality/value - It is the first study of its type in Pakistan that explored the users’ perceptions and behaviour of searching Oriental language material from the card catalogue and OPAC. The findings of the study are valuable for library management, not only at Central Library of Punjab University but for other libraries as well. These findings can help in making both card catalogue and OPAC more effective and user-centred. It will also assist them to improve weaknesses of both types of catalogues. This study compares the users’ preferences for card catalogue and/or OPAC when searching Oriental language material. There are very few studies available on this subject and most of them are dated.
      PubDate: Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 +010
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