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Social Policy and Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.653
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 177  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1474-7464 - ISSN (Online) 1475-3073
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [387 journals]
  • SPS volume 18 issue 4 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000290
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • SPS volume 18 issue 4 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000307
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Retirement Pension Reforms in Six European Social Insurance Schemes
           between 2000 and 2017: More Financial Sustainability and More Gender
    • Authors: Manuela Arcanjo
      Pages: 501 - 515
      Abstract: In 2000, the European Union established three principles that should guide Member State pension systems and their reforms: the financial sustainability of pension systems; adequacy of pensions; and the modernisation of systems. The latter included the achievement of greater gender equality and sought to respond to the significant gender gaps in public pension systems. This article demonstrates how the reforms carried out over the period 2000–2017 have focused on strengthening the financial sustainability of systems but may also have contributed to even greater gender inequality in old age protection. To this end, we examine the major legislative amendments concerning eligibility criteria and entitlement conditions in six countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Portugal and Spain), as representative of the social insurance scheme.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746418000398
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Mainstreaming Effective Employment Support for Individuals with Health
           Conditions: An Analytical Framework for the Effective Design of Modified
           Individual Placement and Support (IPS) Models
    • Authors: Adam Whitworth
      Pages: 517 - 533
      Abstract: Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is a highly effective model of employment support for individuals with severe mental health conditions. Its potential modification for new settings and larger cohorts is of keen interest across advanced economies given shared health-related (un)employment challenges. Despite mushrooming policy interest and activity around modified IPS a significant barrier and risk at present is the absence of a well-considered analytical framework to enable structured critical reflection about the effective translation of IPS principles and fidelity into modified IPS services. This article fills this void through the presentation for the first time in the literature of such an analytical framework, unpacking as it does so a set of key original analytical distinctions that are unhelpfully homogenised in current literature and policy thinking and highlighting the wider potential of IPS principles and models to the nature of good employment support for other individuals with health conditions and disabilities.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S147474641800043X
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Competing Discourses of Household Food Insecurity in Canada
    • Authors: Zsofia Mendly-Zambo; Dennis Raphael
      Pages: 535 - 554
      Abstract: Household food insecurity (HFI) impacts over 1.7 million households in Canada with adverse effects upon health. As a signatory to numerous international covenants asserting that access to food is a human right, Canadian governments are obliged to reduce HFI, yet Canadian governments have done remarkably little to assure that Canadians are food secure. In the absence of government action, HFI has spawned numerous non-governmental means of managing the problem such as food banks, feeding programs, and community gardens and kitchens. These efforts have depoliticized the problem of HFI, making its solution more difficult. Solving HFI is also complicated by the presence of five competing discourses of HFI in Canada: nutrition and dietetics, charitable food distribution, community development, social determinants of health, and political economy which offer differing causes and means of responding to HFI. We argue that the least considered discourse – the critical materialist political economy discourse – best accounts for the presence of HFI in a liberal welfare state such as Canada and provides the most effective means of responding to its presence.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746418000428
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Rethinking the Consumer Metaphor versus the Citizen Metaphor: Frame
           Merging and Higher Education Reform in Sweden
    • Authors: Johan Nordensvärd; Markus Ketola
      Pages: 555 - 575
      Abstract: Neoliberal metaphors of students often describe students as consumers, managers and even as commodities, but this analysis often disregards the discursive complexity of education. We argue that frame merging is essential to understand the hybrid modalities of neoliberal images of students in the Swedish context, where the image of the student is suspended between a social democratic welfare service model, academic capitalism, new public management and welfare nationalism. We demonstrate this through the case study of introducing student fees for non-EU students in Swedish higher education, and how the merging of universal tax financing with a more individualised fee paying solution creates variegated and complex metaphors of students and higher education. These metaphors are infused with social democratic social citizenship, neoliberal reform of welfare services, academic capitalism and nationalist welfare chauvinism. This implies that, in practice, it is nigh on impossible to disentangle the neoliberal consumer metaphor from that of social citizenship; instead they merge to generate multiple contextually relevant metaphors to fit the local debates in higher education.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746418000465
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Introduction: Rethinking Welfare-to-Work for the Long-Term Unemployed
    • Authors: Michael McGann; Sophie Danneris, Siobhan O’Sullivan
      Pages: 577 - 582
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000265
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Reconsidering ‘What Works’ in Welfare-to-Work with the Vulnerable
           Unemployed: The Potential of Relational Causality as an Alternative
    • Authors: Tanja Dall; Sophie Danneris
      Pages: 583 - 596
      Abstract: There is growing interest in research that informs more effective practices in employment services across Europe, Australia and the USA. However, despite the ever-expanding amount of research on the implementation and efficacy of various policy programmes in practice, the knowledge on how to bring unemployed individuals closer to the labour market remains ambiguous and inconclusive. This is especially so in the context of the more vulnerable unemployed, who face physical, mental and social challenges in addition to unemployment. In this article, we examine the existing literature in terms of its potential to inform (the development of) effective employment policies. On this basis, we outline an alternative approach based on the concept of relational causality, and discuss the implications of such an approach for applied policy research.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000186
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Welfare Conditionality in Lived Experience: Aggregating Qualitative
           Longitudinal Research
    • Authors: Sharon Wright; Ruth Patrick
      Pages: 597 - 613
      Abstract: Punitive welfare conditionality, combining tough sanctions with minimal self-directed support, is a defining feature of contemporary UK working age social security provision. This approach has been justified by policy makers on the basis that it will increase the numbers in paid employment, and thereby offer savings for the public purse that are also beneficial for individuals who are expected to be healthier and better off financially as a result. In this article, we aggregate two qualitative longitudinal studies (Welfare Conditionality, 2014–17; and Lived Experience, 2011–16) that document lived experiences of claiming benefits and using back-to-work support services. In both studies and over time, we find, contrary to policy expectations, that coercion, including sanctions, was usually experienced as unnecessary and harmful and that poverty was prevalent, both in and out of work, tended to worsen and pushed many close to destitution. Conditionality governed encounters with employment services and, perversely, appeared to impede, rather than support, transitions into employment for participants in both studies. These constitute ‘shared typical’ aspects of lived experiences of welfare conditionality. We propose Combined Study Qualitative Longitudinal Research as a new methodological approach to extend inference beyond the usual study-specific confines of qualitative generalisation.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000204
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Exploring the Ingredients of Success: Studying Trajectories of the
           Vulnerable Unemployed Who Have Entered Work or Education in Denmark
    • Authors: Sophie Danneris; Dorte Caswell
      Pages: 615 - 629
      Abstract: When looking at clients with a long history of unemployment and substantial health and/or social problems, stories of success (in terms of moving from being on cash benefits to getting a job) are limited. Thus, when a client does manage to gain employment or enter education, it represents an unusual1 story of success seen from a political, organisational and individual perspective. In this article, we investigate empirically what can be learnt about current active labour market policies from these client cases. Methodologically this is explored through interviews with former clients who have managed to find a job despite dealing with complex health or social issues, and interviews with their former caseworkers. Thus, the article aims to provide insights into the crucial elements in making the move from vulnerable unemployed to being ready for a job, as well as finding it and keeping it.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000198
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • The Category Game and its Impact on Street-Level Bureaucrats and
           Jobseekers: An Australian Case Study
    • Authors: Siobhan O’Sullivan; Michael McGann, Mark Considine
      Pages: 631 - 645
      Abstract: A key question concerning the marketisation of employment services is the interaction between performance management systems and frontline client-selection practices. While the internal sorting of clients for employability by agencies has received much attention, less is known about how performance management shapes official categorisation practices at the point of programme referral. Drawing on case studies of four Australian agencies, this study examines the ways in which frontline staff contest how jobseekers are officially classified by the benefit administration agency. With this assessment pivotal in determining payment levels and activity requirements, we find that reassessing jobseekers so they are moved to a more disadvantaged category, suspended, or removed from the system entirely have become major elements of casework. These category manoeuvres help to protect providers from adverse performance rankings. Yet, an additional consequence is that jobseekers are rendered fully or partially inactive, within the context of a system designed to activate.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000162
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Street-Level Practice, Personalisation and Co-Production in Employability:
           Insights from Local Services with Lone Parents
    • Authors: Colin Lindsay; Sarah Pearson, Elaine Batty, Anne Marie Cullen, Will Eadson
      Pages: 647 - 658
      Abstract: Policymakers in the UK have promised to deliver personalised employability services for vulnerable jobseekers. However, unemployed people often describe their engagement with state-funded services as defined by: the offer of low cost, standardised job search services; and pressure to accept any job, irrespective of quality or appropriateness. This article argues that more progressive, co-produced alternatives are possible. We draw on an evaluation of local, third sector-led services targeting lone parents (LPs) in five local government areas in Scotland. Our research involved more than 100 in-depth interviews with both service providers and LPs. We find that partnership-oriented co-governance mechanisms facilitated collaborative approaches to the management of services and processes of co-production. LPs expressed positive views of the personalised services that were co-produced. We conclude that a commitment to collaboration and co-production may be more effective in promoting personalised services that are responsive to the needs of vulnerable groups.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000174
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • Some Useful Sources
    • Authors: Michael McGann; Sophie Danneris
      Pages: 659 - 662
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000253
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
  • List of Referees for 2019
    • Pages: 663 - 663
      PubDate: 2019-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1474746419000289
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 4 (2019)
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