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Journal Cover Science
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     ISSN (Print) 0036-8075 - ISSN (Online) 1095-9203
     Published by American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Homepage  [3 journals]   [SJR: 10.618]   [H-I: 739]
  • [Editorial] Ghosts from the past
    • Authors: David Titley
      Abstract: 2014 marks the centennial of the commencement of World War I. One connection between today and that seemingly long-ago war is how we make choices when the future seems obvious only in retrospect, in what former U.S. Secretary of State George P. Shultz refers to as a world “awash in change.” Max Hastings, in Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War, summarizes his views on how the rulers of Europe allowed World War I to start, then continue with a loss of over 8.6 million soldiers: “It is more appropriate to call them deniers, who preferred to persist with supremely dangerous policies and strategies….” Author: David Titley
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258594
       
  • [In Brief] This week's section
    • Abstract: A roundup of weekly science policy and related news.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.362
       
  • [In Depth] Ebola drugs still stuck in lab
    • Authors: Martin Enserink
      Abstract: Experts discussed—and rejected—bringing experimental vaccines and therapies to West Africa. Author: Martin Enserink
      Keywords: Infectious Diseases
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.364
       
  • [In Depth] Road hazards threaten rover
    • Authors: Eric Hand
      Abstract: To limit wheel damage from sharp rocks, the Curiosity Mars rover detours into sandy valleys. Author: Eric Hand
      Keywords: Planetary Science
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.365
       
  • [In Depth] NIH institute considers broad shift to ‘people’
           awards
    • Authors: Jocelyn Kaiser
      Abstract: Approach promises freedom from grant writing but could favor established researchers. Author: Jocelyn Kaiser
      Keywords: Funding
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.366
       
  • [In Depth] Dengue vaccine trial poses public health quandary
    • Authors: Dennis Normile
      Abstract: Experimental vaccine fell short against key strain. Author: Dennis Normile
      Keywords: Tropical Diseases
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.367
       
  • [In Depth] Oil sands fight heats up in U.S.
    • Authors: David Malakoff
      Abstract: Environmentalists oppose federal lease in Utah. Author: David Malakoff
      Keywords: Energy Policy
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.368
       
  • [Feature] Fusion's restless pioneers
    • Authors: Daniel Clery
      Abstract: Startups with novel technologies are taking on fusion's Goliaths. Author: Daniel Clery
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.370
       
  • [Policy Forum] Wildlife decline and social conflict
    • Authors: Justin S. Brashares
      Abstract: Policies aimed at reducing wildlife-related conflict must address the underlying causes
      Authors : Justin S. Brashares, Briana Abrahms, Kathryn J. Fiorella, Christopher D. Golden, Cheryl E. Hojnowski, Ryan A. Marsh, Douglas J. McCauley, Tristan A. Nuñez, Katherine Seto, Lauren Withey
      Keywords: Conservation Policy
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256734
       
  • [Perspective] Ribosome rescue and neurodegeneration
    • Authors: Jennifer C. Darnell
      Abstract: A mutation in a brain-specific tRNA reveals the link between ribosome maintenance and neuronal cell death [Also see Report by Ishimura et al.] Author: Jennifer C. Darnell
      Keywords: Molecular Biology
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257193
       
  • [Perspective] Ultraslow relaxation of confined DNA
    • Authors: Yann R. Chemla
      Abstract: DNA dynamics in tight spaces challenge nature's nanomachines
      Authors : Yann R. Chemla, Taekjip Ha
      Keywords: Biophysics
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256359
       
  • [Perspective] Self-control tames the coupling of reactive radicals
    • Authors: Guy C. Lloyd-Jones
      Abstract: Iridium complexes use two points of contact to control carbon-carbon bond formation [Also see Reports by Tellis et al. and Zuo et al.]
      Authors : Guy C. Lloyd-Jones, Liam T. Ball
      Keywords: Catalysis
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256755
       
  • [Perspective] Why are plant-pollinator networks nested'
    • Authors: Samraat Pawar
      Abstract: Mutualistic communities maximize their structural stability [Also see Research Article by Rohr et al.] Author: Samraat Pawar
      Keywords: Ecology
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256466
       
  • [Perspective] A cloaking coating for murky media
    • Authors: David R. Smith
      Abstract: Objects shrouded in fog disappear entirely with simple coating [Also see Report by Schittny et al.] Author: David R. Smith
      Keywords: Metamaterials
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256753
       
  • [Perspective] Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria
    • Authors: Thomas C. Burdett
      Abstract: Retinal neurons transfer mitochondria to astrocytes for rapid turnover to meet energy demands
      Authors : Thomas C. Burdett, Marc R. Freeman
      Keywords: Neuroscience
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258295
       
  • [Book Review] Who guards the guardians'
    • Authors: Kieron O'Hara
      Abstract:
      Authors : Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt
      Keywords: Surveillance Oversight
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256398
       
  • [Book Review] Repairing ecosystems
    • Authors: William E. Stutz
      Abstract: Author: William E. Stutz
      Keywords: Environment
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256060
       
  • [Books et al.] Books Received
    • Abstract: A listing of books received at Science during the week ending 18 July 2014.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.388-b
       
  • [Letter] In defense of fences
    • Authors: M. Pfeifer
      Abstract:
      Authors : M. Pfeifer, C. Packer, A. C. Burton, S. T. Garnett, A. J. Loveridge, D. MacNulty, P. J. Platts
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.389-a
       
  • [Letter] In defense of fences—Response
    • Authors: Rosie Woodroffe
      Abstract:
      Authors : Rosie Woodroffe, Simon Hedges, Sarah Durant
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.389-b
       
  • [Letter] Early Americans: Misstated results
    • Authors: Douglas J. Kennett
      Abstract:
      Authors : Douglas J. Kennett, Yemane Asmerom, Brian M. Kemp, Victor Polyak, Deborah A. Bolnick, Ripan S. Malhi, Brendan J. Culleton
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.390-a
       
  • [Letter] Early Americans: Respecting ancestors
    • Authors: D. K. Grayson
      Abstract:
      Authors : D. K. Grayson, D. J. Meltzer, J. E. Buikstra, K. V. Flannery, C. S. Fowler, J. Marcus, J. F. O'Connell, D. R. Piperno, J. A. Sabloff, B. D. Smith, D. H. Thomas, E. Willerslev, M. A. Zeder
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.390-b
       
  • [Letter] Early Americans: Respecting ancestors—Response
    • Authors: James C. Chatters
      Abstract: Author: James C. Chatters
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.390-c
       
  • [Association Affairs] AAAS news and notes
    • Abstract: A monthly roundup of recent news and projects of Science's publisher, the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.391
       
  • [Introduction to Special Issue] Vanishing fauna
    • Authors: Sacha Vignieri
      Abstract: Author: Sacha Vignieri
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.392
       
  • [Special Issue News] The empty forest
    • Authors: Erik Stokstad
      Abstract: A beleaguered national park in Borneo hints at what can happen when animals disappear. Author: Erik Stokstad
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.396
       
  • [Editorial] An animal-rich future
    • Authors: Joshua J. Tewksbury
      Abstract: The rate at which animals are vanishing from this planet is one of the signatures of this age, as sure a sign of human dominance as our impact on Earth's nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon cycles. This disappearance of animals from the world's ecosystems is generally a by-product of human activity, not an intentional act. Animals do matter to people, but on balance, they matter less than food, jobs, energy, money, and development. As long as we continue to view animals in ecosystems as irrelevant to these basic demands, animals will lose.
      Authors : Joshua J. Tewksbury, Haldre S. Rogers
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258601
       
  • [Special Issue Review] Defaunation in the Anthropocene
    • Authors: Rodolfo Dirzo
      Abstract: We live amid a global wave of anthropogenically driven biodiversity loss: species and population extirpations and, critically, declines in local species abundance. Particularly, human impacts on animal biodiversity are an under-recognized form of global environmental change. Among terrestrial vertebrates, 322 species have become extinct since 1500, and populations of the remaining species show 25% average decline in abundance. Invertebrate patterns are equally dire: 67% of monitored populations show 45% mean abundance decline. Such animal declines will cascade onto ecosystem functioning and human well-being. Much remains unknown about this “Anthropocene defaunation”; these knowledge gaps hinder our capacity to predict and limit defaunation impacts. Clearly, however, defaunation is both a pervasive component of the planet’s sixth mass extinction and also a major driver of global ecological change.
      Authors : Rodolfo Dirzo, Hillary S. Young, Mauro Galetti, Gerardo Ceballos, Nick J. B. Isaac, Ben Collen
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1251817
       
  • [Special Issue Review] Reversing defaunation: Restoring species in a
           changing world
    • Authors: Philip J. Seddon
      Abstract: The rate of biodiversity loss is not slowing despite global commitments, and the depletion of animal species can reduce the stability of ecological communities. Despite this continued loss, some substantial progress in reversing defaunation is being achieved through the intentional movement of animals to restore populations. We review the full spectrum of conservation translocations, from reinforcement and reintroduction to controversial conservation introductions that seek to restore populations outside their indigenous range or to introduce ecological replacements for extinct forms. We place the popular, but misunderstood, concept of rewilding within this framework and consider the future role of new technical developments such as de-extinction.
      Authors : Philip J. Seddon, Christine J. Griffiths, Pritpal S. Soorae, Doug P. Armstrong
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1251818
       
  • This Week in Science
    • Authors: Sacha Vignieri
      Abstract: Feathers, not just for the birds' Problems making proteins kills nerve cells In CF, two drugs are no better than one To cast no shadow in a murky medium Changing skin cells in development with TGF-β Subtle entanglement in an atomic cloud Tricky star plays sleight-of-light Wastewater disposal linked to earthquakes A membrane-activated switch to bind clathrin A structural approach to species interactions A bright outlook for carbon coupling How to benchmark a quantum computer Toward the control of light with light Characterization of a quantum simulator Climates conspire together to make big changes Making tropomodulin find the right point
      Keywords: Dinosaur Evolution
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.413-a
       
  • Editors' Choice
    • Authors: Elizabeth Pennisi
      Abstract: Marmoset DNA shows why it's small Stealthy spying on a moving target TRF2 gets transcription started, too A vitamin's dark side in liver disease Avoiding instabilities while creating wires Warming waters create new bedfellows Springtime sighting at Titan's coastline Making protection of biodiversity count
      Keywords: Genomics
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.414-a
       
  • [Research Article] On the structural stability of mutualistic systems
    • Authors: Rudolf P. Rohr
      Abstract: In ecology, structural stability influences the range of perturbations mutualistic networks can withstand. [Also see Perspective by Pawar]
      Authors : Rudolf P. Rohr, Serguei Saavedra, Jordi Bascompte
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253497
       
  • [Report] Ultrafast optical control by few photons in engineered fiber
    • Authors: R. Nissim
      Abstract: Ultrafast photon-photon control is achieved in an engineered optic fiber.
      Authors : R. Nissim, A. Pejkic, E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, S. Radic
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253125
       
  • [Report] Defining and detecting quantum speedup
    • Authors: Troels F. Rønnow
      Abstract: What makes a quantum machine quantum'
      Authors : Troels F. Rønnow, Zhihui Wang, Joshua Job, Sergio Boixo, Sergei V. Isakov, David Wecker, John M. Martinis, Daniel A. Lidar, Matthias Troyer
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1252319
       
  • [Report] Fisher information and entanglement of non-Gaussian spin states
    • Authors: Helmut Strobel
      Abstract: An unconventional entangled state is created out of a mesoscopic number of ultracold rubidium atoms.
      Authors : Helmut Strobel, Wolfgang Muessel, Daniel Linnemann, Tilman Zibold, David B. Hume, Luca Pezzè, Augusto Smerzi, Markus K. Oberthaler
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1250147
       
  • [Report] Invisibility cloaking in a diffusive light scattering medium
    • Authors: Robert Schittny
      Abstract: A core-shell structure provides a cloak for objects within a diffusive medium. [Also see Perspective by Smith]
      Authors : Robert Schittny, Muamer Kadic, Tiemo Bückmann, Martin Wegener
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254524
       
  • [Report] Coherent imaging spectroscopy of a quantum many-body spin system
    • Authors: C. Senko
      Abstract: A method for validating quantum simulations is based on interrogating the system with a modulated magnetic field.
      Authors : C. Senko, J. Smith, P. Richerme, A. Lee, W. C. Campbell, C. Monroe
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1251422
       
  • [Report] Single-electron transmetalation in organoboron cross-coupling by
           photoredox/nickel dual catalysis
    • Authors: John C. Tellis
      Abstract: Combining two catalysts, one light-activated, facilitates bond formation between saturated and unsaturated carbons. [Also see Perspective by Lloyd-Jones an Ball]
      Authors : John C. Tellis, David N. Primer, Gary A. Molander
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253647
       
  • [Report] Merging photoredox with nickel catalysis: Coupling of
           α-carboxyl sp3-carbons with aryl halides
    • Authors: Zhiwei Zuo
      Abstract: Combining two catalysts, one light-activated, facilitates bond formation between saturated and unsaturated carbons. [Also see Perspective by Lloyd-Jones an Ball]
      Authors : Zhiwei Zuo, Derek T. Ahneman, Lingling Chu, Jack A. Terrett, Abigail G. Doyle, David W. C. MacMillan
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1255525
       
  • [Report] Stellar activity masquerading as planets in the habitable zone of
           the M dwarf Gliese 581
    • Authors: Paul Robertson
      Abstract: Reexamination of the radial velocity signals from a famous exoplanet system demands demotion of terrestrial candidates.
      Authors : Paul Robertson, Suvrath Mahadevan, Michael Endl, Arpita Roy
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253253
       
  • [Report] Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded
           abrupt deglacial warming
    • Authors: Summer K. Praetorius
      Abstract: The North Pacific and Greenland cause big climate changes when they act together.
      Authors : Summer K. Praetorius, Alan C. Mix
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1252000
       
  • [Report] Sharp increase in central Oklahoma seismicity since 2008 induced
           by massive wastewater injection
    • Authors: K. M. Keranen
      Abstract: The recent surge in central U.S. seismicity is likely attributable to injection of wastewater at a small number of wells.
      Authors : K. M. Keranen, M. Weingarten, G. A. Abers, B. A. Bekins, S. Ge
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1255802
       
  • [Report] A Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers
           and scales
    • Authors: Pascal Godefroit
      Abstract: A fossil dinosaur with primitive feathers and scales suggests that feathers may have been present across dinosaur clades.
      Authors : Pascal Godefroit, Sofia M. Sinitsa, Danielle Dhouailly, Yuri L. Bolotsky, Alexander V. Sizov, Maria E. McNamara, Michael J. Benton, Paul Spagna
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253351
       
  • [Report] Ribosome stalling induced by mutation of a CNS-specific tRNA
           causes neurodegeneration
    • Authors: Ryuta Ishimura
      Abstract: Mutations in a transfer RNA expressed in the nervous system stall ribosomes and can cause cell death if ribosome recycling fails. [Also see Perspective by Darnell]
      Authors : Ryuta Ishimura, Gabor Nagy, Ivan Dotu, Huihao Zhou, Xiang-Lei Yang, Paul Schimmel, Satoru Senju, Yasuharu Nishimura, Jeffrey H. Chuang, Susan L. Ackerman
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1249749
       
  • [Report] AP2 controls clathrin polymerization with a membrane-activated
           switch
    • Authors: Bernard T. Kelly
      Abstract: An autoinhibitory mechanism prevents clathrin recruitment by cytosolic AP2.
      Authors : Bernard T. Kelly, Stephen C. Graham, Nicole Liska, Philip N. Dannhauser, Stefan Höning, Ernst J. Ungewickell, David J. Owen
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254836
       
  • [Report] Mechanism of actin filament pointed-end capping by tropomodulin
    • Authors: Jampani Nageswara Rao
      Abstract: The actin-capping protein tropomodulin achieves high-affinity binding through several discrete low-affinity interactions.
      Authors : Jampani Nageswara Rao, Yadaiah Madasu, Roberto Dominguez
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256159
       
  • [Business Office Feature] LIFE SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES: DIGITAL LAB
           MANAGEMENT
    • Authors: Chris Tachibana
      Abstract: Chris Tachibana
      Keywords: Business Office Feature
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.468
       
  • [New Products] New Products
    • Abstract: A weekly roundup of information on newly offered instrumentation, apparatus, and laboratory materials of potential interest to researchers.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.471-a
       
  • [Podcast] Science Podcast: 25 July Show
    • Abstract: On this week's show: NIH funding for people not projects and a roundup of stories from our daily news site.
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.471-b
       
  • [Business Office Feature] Western blot tips and tricks: Filling the gap
           between art and science
    • Authors: Pier Giorgio Righetti
      Abstract: Pier Giorgio Righetti
      Keywords: Science Webinar Series
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.471-c
       
  • [Working Life] A scientific partnership
    • Authors: Jim Austin
      Abstract: Author: Jim Austin
      PubDate: 2014-07-25
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6195.478
       
 
 
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