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     ISSN (Print) 0036-8075 - ISSN (Online) 1095-9203
     Published by American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Homepage  [3 journals]   [SJR: 10.618]   [H-I: 739]
  • [Errata] Erratum for the Report: “Early allopolyploid evolution in
           the post-Neolithic Brassica napus oilseed genome” by B. Chalhoub, F.
           Denoeud, S. Liu, I. A. P. Parkin, H. Tang, X. Wang, J. Chiquet, H.
           Belcram, C. Tong, B. Samans, M. Corréa, C. Da Silva, J. Just, C.
           Falentin, C. S. Koh, I. Le Clainche, M. Bernard, P. Bento, B. Noel, K.
           Labadie, A. Alberti, M. Charles, D. Arnaud, H. Guo, C. Daviaud, S.
           Alamery, K. Jabbari, M. Zhao, P. P. Edger, H. Chelaifa, D. Tack, G.
           Lassalle, I. Mestiri, N. Schnel, M.-C. Le Paslier, G. Fan, V. Renault, P.
           E. Bayer, A. A. Golicz, S. Manoli, T.-H. Lee, V. Ha Dinh Thi, S. Chalabi,
           Q. Hu, C. Fan, R. Tollenaere, Y. Lu, C. Battail, J. Shen, C. H. D.
           Sidebottom, X. Wang, A. Canaguier, A. Chauveau, A. Bérard, G. Deniot,
           M. Guan, Z. Liu, F. Sun, Y. P. Lim, E. Lyons, C. D. Town, I. Bancroft, X.
           Wang, J. Meng, J. Ma, J. C. Pires, G. J. King, D. Brunel, R. Delourme, M.
           Renard, J.-M. Aury, K. L. Adams, J. Batley, R. J. Snowdon, J. Tost, D.
           Edwards, Y. Zhou, W. Hua, A. G. Sharpe, A. H. Paterson, C. Guan, P.
    • Keywords: ERRATUM
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1260782
  • [Editorial] Ebola's perfect storm
    • Authors: Peter Piot
      Abstract: The devastating Ebola epidemic in West Africa is the result of a perfect storm: dysfunctional health services as the result of decades of war, low public trust in government and Western medicine, traditional beliefs and even denials about the cause or existence of the virus, and burial practices that involve contact with contagious Ebola-infected corpses. There are now five affected West African countries: Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and most recently, Senegal. Ebola has killed around 2000 and infected more than 3500, with over 40% of cases occurring within the past few weeks. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that 20,000 may become infected. This fast pace of Ebola's spread is a grim reminder that epidemics are a global threat and that the only way to get this virus under control is through a rapid response at a massive global scale—much stronger than the current efforts. Author: Peter Piot
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1260695
  • [Research Article] Extensive remodeling of a cyanobacterial photosynthetic
           apparatus in far-red light
    • Authors: Fei Gan
      Abstract: Light harvesting in a mat-forming bacterium is biosynthetically optimized, even at extreme wavelengths.
      Authors : Fei Gan, Shuyi Zhang, Nathan C. Rockwell, Shelley S. Martin, J. Clark Lagarias, Donald A. Bryant
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256963
  • [Research Article] Chaotic dynamics of stellar spin in binaries and the
           production of misaligned hot Jupiters
    • Authors: Natalia I. Storch
      Abstract: Changes in a star’s spin axis are described with chaos induced by two other bodies: a planet and a stellar companion.
      Authors : Natalia I. Storch, Kassandra R. Anderson, Dong Lai
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254358
  • [Report] Strong, lightweight, and recoverable three-dimensional ceramic
    • Authors: Lucas R. Meza
      Abstract: Hollow, three-dimensional alumina nanolattices absorb energy and recover after substantial compression.
      Authors : Lucas R. Meza, Satyajit Das, Julia R. Greer
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1255908
  • [Report] Decoupled catalytic hydrogen evolution from a molecular metal
           oxide redox mediator in water splitting
    • Authors: Benjamin Rausch
      Abstract: A silicotungstic acid cluster can store protons and electrons during water electrolysis and later rapidly release hydrogen.
      Authors : Benjamin Rausch, Mark D. Symes, Greig Chisholm, Leroy Cronin
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257443
  • [Report] Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by
           supra-exponential accretion
    • Authors: Tal Alexander
      Abstract: Accretion is accelerated when a stellar-mass black hole is shielded within the gas-rich center of a star cluster.
      Authors : Tal Alexander, Priyamvada Natarajan
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1251053
  • Editors' Choice
    • Authors: Andrew M. Sugden
      Abstract: Legacy of a storm Giving bacteria the old one-two…three-four Flu survivors are an inflammatory club The spinning heart of the Einstein Cross New titanosaur unearthed in Argentina Shining light on precision time-keeping A complementary refill? Yes, please! Collaborating on assessments
      Keywords: Forest Ecology
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1307-a
  • [Research Article] Innate lymphoid cells regulate intestinal epithelial
           cell glycosylation
    • Authors: Yoshiyuki Goto
      Abstract: Glycosylation of gut epithelial cells requires gut microbes, innate lymphoid cells, and cytokines. [Also see Perspective by Hooper]
      Authors : Yoshiyuki Goto, Takashi Obata, Jun Kunisawa, Shintaro Sato, Ivaylo I. Ivanov, Aayam Lamichhane, Natsumi Takeyama, Mariko Kamioka, Mitsuo Sakamoto, Takahiro Matsuki, Hiromi Setoyama, Akemi Imaoka, Satoshi Uematsu, Shizuo Akira, Steven E. Domino, Paulina Kulig, Burkhard Becher, Jean-Christophe Renauld, Chihiro Sasakawa, Yoshinori Umesaki, Yoshimi Benno, Hiroshi Kiyono
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254009
  • [Research Article] Intersection of population variation and autoimmunity
           genetics in human T cell activation
    • Authors: Chun Jimmie Ye
      Abstract: Profiles of T cell responses display genetically influenced interindividual variation.
      Authors : Chun Jimmie Ye, Ting Feng, Ho-Keun Kwon, Towfique Raj, Michael T. Wilson, Natasha Asinovski, Cristin McCabe, Michelle H. Lee, Irene Frohlich, Hyun-il Paik, Noah Zaitlen, Nir Hacohen, Barbara Stranger, Philip De Jager, Diane Mathis, Aviv Regev, Christophe Benoist
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254665
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Antibiotic effectiveness: Balancing
           conservation against innovation
    • Authors: Ramanan Laxminarayan
      Abstract: Antibiotic effectiveness is a natural societal resource that is diminished by antibiotic use. As with other such assets, keeping it available requires both conservation and innovation. Conservation encompasses making the best use of current antibiotic effectiveness by reducing demand through vaccination, infection control, diagnostics, public education, incentives for clinicians to prescribe fewer antibiotics, and restrictions on access to newer, last-resort antibiotics. Innovation includes improving the efficacy of current drugs and replenishing effectiveness by developing new drugs. In this paper, I assess the relative benefits and costs of these two approaches to maintaining our ability to treat infections. Author: Ramanan Laxminarayan
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254163
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Creating a global observatory for health
    • Authors: Robert F. Terry
      Abstract: A global map of health R&D activity would improve the coordination of research and help to match limited resources with public health priorities, such as combating antimicrobial resistance. The challenges of R&D mapping are large because there are few standards for research classification and governance and limited capacity to report on R&D data, especially in low-income countries. Nevertheless, based on developments in semantic classification, and with better reporting of funded research though the Internet, it is now becoming feasible to create a global observatory for health R&D.
      Authors : Robert F. Terry, José F. Salm, Claudia Nannei, Christopher Dye
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258737
  • This Week in Science
    • Authors: Laura M. Zahn
      Abstract: Evolution of Ebola virus over time Orbits don't forget their chaotic pasts Scheduling hydrogen release from water Regulating nitric oxide production Compressive, ductile ceramic nanolattices Moral homeostasis in real life vs. the lab Patterns of life in the ocean wave Practice makes perfect — or does it? All-optical magnetic state switching Top-down rather than bottom-up change Manipulating a defect in diamond Origin of fish pigment cell for pattern Sheltered black hole seeds grow faster Immune cells and bugs make a sugary coat Origin of the spine lies in a worm Response to pathogens is in the genes Costa Rican birds of a feather lost together Making sure leftover light gets in
      Keywords: Viral Evolution
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1306-a
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Virus sharing, genetic sequencing, and global
           health security
    • Authors: Lawrence O. Gostin
      Abstract: This Perspective focuses on the future of the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (PIP) Framework, which was initially established to promote the fair sharing of public health–related pandemic influenza samples between countries. We examine the changes that need to be made to address the growing likelihood that genetic sequence data might be shared instead of physical virus samples, as well as the need to expand the PIP framework’s scope and to improve its fairness.
      Authors : Lawrence O. Gostin, Alexandra Phelan, Michael A. Stoto, John D. Kraemer, K. Srinath Reddy
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257622
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Monitoring parasite diversity for malaria
           elimination in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Authors: Anita Ghansah
      Abstract: The African continent continues to bear the greatest burden of malaria and the greatest diversity of parasites, mosquito vectors, and human victims. The evolutionary plasticity of malaria parasites and their vectors is a major obstacle to eliminating the disease. Of current concern is the recently reported emergence of resistance to the front-line drug, artemisinin, in South-East Asia in Plasmodium falciparum, which calls for preemptive surveillance of the African parasite population for genetic markers of emerging drug resistance. Here we describe the Plasmodium Diversity Network Africa (PDNA), which has been established across 11 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to ensure that African scientists are enabled to work together and to play a key role in the global effort for tracking and responding to this public health threat.
      Authors : Anita Ghansah, Lucas Amenga-Etego, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Ben Andagalu, Tobias Apinjoh, Marielle Bouyou-Akotet, Victoria Cornelius, Lemu Golassa, Voahangy Hanitriniaina Andrianaranjaka, Deus Ishengoma, Kimberly Johnson, Edwin Kamau, Oumou Maïga-Ascofaré, Dieudonne Mumba, Paulina Tindana, Antoinette Tshefu-Kitoto, Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia, Yavo William, Dominic P. Kwiatkowski, Abdoulaye A. Djimde
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259423
  • [Special Issue Perspective] How to transform the practice of engineering
           to meet global health needs
    • Authors: Deb Niemeier
      Abstract: More of the world’s population has access to cell phones than to basic sanitation facilities, a gap that can only be closed if the engineering and international aid communities adopt new approaches to design for scarcity and scalability.
      Authors : Deb Niemeier, Harry Gombachika, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257085
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Strengthening the evidence base for health
           programming in humanitarian crises
    • Authors: A. Ager
      Abstract: Given the growing scale and complexity of responses to humanitarian crises, it is important to develop a stronger evidence base for health interventions in such contexts. Humanitarian crises present unique challenges to rigorous and effective research, but there are substantial opportunities for scientific advance. Studies need to focus where the translation of evidence from noncrisis scenarios is not viable and on ethical ways of determining what happens in the absence of an intervention. Robust methodologies suited to crisis settings have to be developed and used to assess interventions with potential for delivery at scale. Strengthening research capacity in the low- to middle-income countries that are vulnerable to crises is also crucial.
      Authors : A. Ager, G. Burnham, F. Checchi, M. Gayer, R. F. Grais, M. Henkens, M. B. F. Massaquoi, R. Nandy, C. Navarro-Colorado, P. Spiegel
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254164
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Emerging, evolving, and established infectious
           diseases and interventions
    • Authors: M. Elizabeth Halloran
      Abstract: Planning, implementing, and evaluating interventions against infectious diseases depend on the nature of the infectious disease; the availability of intervention measures; and logistical, economic, and political constraints. Infectious diseases and vaccine- or drug-based interventions can be loosely categorized by the degree to which the infectious disease and the intervention are well established. Pertussis, polio, and measles are three examples of long-known infectious diseases for which global vaccination has dramatically reduced the public health burden. Pertussis vaccination was introduced in the 1940s, polio vaccination in the 1950s, and measles vaccination in the 1960s, nearly eliminating these diseases in many places.
      Authors : M. Elizabeth Halloran, Ira M. Longini
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254166
  • [Special Issue Perspective] The state of global health in 2014
    • Authors: Jaime Sepúlveda
      Abstract: The global health landscape looks more promising than ever, although progress has been uneven. Here, we describe the current global burden of disease throughout the life cycle, highlighting regional differences in the unfinished agenda of communicable diseases and reproductive, maternal, and child health and the additive burden of emerging noncommunicable diseases and injuries. Understanding this changing landscape is an essential starting point for effective allocation of both domestic and international resources for health.
      Authors : Jaime Sepúlveda, Christopher Murray
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257099
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Getting essential health products to their end
           users: Subsidize, but how much?
    • Authors: Pascaline Dupas
      Abstract: Although coverage rates and health outcomes are improving, many poor people around the world still do not benefit from essential health products. An estimated two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented with increased coverage of products such as vaccines, point-of-use water treatment, iron fortification, and insecticide-treated bednets. What limits the flow of products from the producer’s laboratory bench to the end users, and what can be done about it? Recent empirical research suggests a crucial role for heavy subsidies. Author: Pascaline Dupas
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256973
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Models of education in medicine, public
           health, and engineering
    • Authors: Patricia Garcia
      Abstract: Discussion on global health in both the academic and the public domain has focused largely on research, capacity building, and service delivery. Although these efforts along with financial commitments from public and private partners have contributed to a broader appreciation and understanding of global health challenges, the reflection of global health in academic training has largely been lacking. However, integrative models are beginning to appear.
      Authors : Patricia Garcia, Robert Armstrong, Muhammad H. Zaman
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258782
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Prioritizing integrated mHealth strategies for
           universal health coverage
    • Authors: Garrett Mehl
      Abstract: As countries strive toward universal health coverage, mobile wireless technologies—mHealth tools—in support of enumeration, registration, unique identification, and maintenance of health records will facilitate improved health system performance. Electronic forms and registry systems will enable routine monitoring of the coverage of essential interventions for individuals within relevant target populations. A cascading model is presented for prioritizing and operationalizing the role of integrated mHealth strategies.
      Authors : Garrett Mehl, Alain Labrique
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258926
  • [Special Issue Perspective] Putting women and girls at the center of
    • Authors: Melinda French Gates
      Abstract: The development field needs to be more serious about gender inequities and women’s empowerment. By ignoring gender inequities, many development projects fail to achieve their objective. And when development organizations do not focus on women’s empowerment, they neglect the fact that empowered women have the potential to transform their societies. I also review the Gates Foundation’s record on gender and propose some approaches to improve it. Author: Melinda French Gates
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258882
  • [Special Issue News] Hats off to Vietnam's helmet law
    • Authors: Martin Enserink
      Abstract: Study shows that traffic laws, combined with advocacy, can save lives. Author: Martin Enserink
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1261
  • [Special Issue News] It's a wash: Hands-on hygiene in Peru
    • Authors: Kai Kupferschmidt
      Abstract: A simple fix proves elusive. Author: Kai Kupferschmidt
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1262
  • [Special Issue News] Hard cash boosts child health in South Africa
    • Authors: Jon Cohen
      Abstract: A rigorous study shows that giving poor South African families a little extra money for each of their children improves their health and education. Author: Jon Cohen
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1264
  • [Special Issue News] A new vaccine vanquishes meningitis A in Africa
    • Authors: Kai Kupferschmidt
      Abstract: The first vaccine developed specifically for Africa is an unqualified success. Author: Kai Kupferschmidt
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1265
  • [Special Issue News] As cholera goes, so goes Haiti
    • Authors: Sam Kean
      Abstract: The West's poorest nation confronts a new disease. Author: Sam Kean
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1266
  • [Special Issue News] China tries to kick its salt habit
    • Authors: Mara Hvistendahl
      Abstract: A country with one of the world's saltiest cuisines confronts its hypertension problem. Author: Mara Hvistendahl
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1268
  • [Special Issue News] Zambia fights to sustain its malaria success
    • Authors: Kai Kupferschmidt
      Abstract: A model for malaria interventions is at risk as funding flattens and the disease smolders on. Author: Kai Kupferschmidt
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1270
  • [Special Issue Editorial] Halving premature death
    • Authors: Richard Peto
      Abstract: Death in old age is inevitable, but death before old age is not. Except where HIV or political disturbances predominated, mortality rates have been decreasing for decades, helped by sanitation, health care, and social changes. Even in low-income countries, at current death rates, three-quarters of newborn infants would survive to age 50, and half would survive to age 70. If disease control keeps progressing and economic development proceeds, then within the next few decades—except where disasters or new epidemics supervene—under-50 mortality should fall to less than half of today's 15% global risk, and under-70 mortality should be less than one in six.
      Authors : Richard Peto, Alan D. Lopez, Ole F. Norheim
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259971
  • [Letter] Livestock crucial in hunger equation
    • Authors: Max F. Rothschild
      Authors : Max F. Rothschild, Henning Steinfeld
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1254-b
  • [Letter] Ancient trade between India and Indonesia
    • Authors: Ambra Calo
      Abstract: Author: Ambra Calo
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1255
  • [Introduction to Special Issue] What works
    • Authors: Barbara Jasny
      Abstract: Existing tools can deliver big payoffs
      Authors : Barbara Jasny, Leslie Roberts, Martin Enserink, Orla Smith
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1256
  • [Special Issue News] After the windfall
    • Authors: Martin Enserink
      Abstract: Plateauing budgets for global health sharpen the focus on what really works. Author: Martin Enserink
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1258
  • [Special Issue News] A hard look at global health measures
    • Authors: Jon Cohen
      Abstract: Researchers seek convincing evidence that large-scale projects save lives. Author: Jon Cohen
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1260
  • [Perspective] Legislators learning to interpret evidence for policy
    • Authors: Anne Cockcroft
      Abstract: Training for making health policy that has the best impact on a population
      Authors : Anne Cockcroft, Mokgweetsi Masisi, Lehana Thabane, Neil Andersson
      Keywords: Science Communication
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256911
  • [Perspective] Microbes ride the current
    • Authors: Stephen Giovannoni
      Abstract: Biogeographical diversity in bacterial populations can arise without need for natural selection [Also see Report by Hellweger et al.]
      Authors : Stephen Giovannoni, Diana Nemergut
      Keywords: Ecology
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259467
  • [Perspective] Diamond dynamics under control
    • Authors: Lilian Childress
      Abstract: Ultrafast spectroscopy is used to control and manipulate quantum states in diamond [Also see Report by Bassett et al.] Author: Lilian Childress
      Keywords: Physics
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1257840
  • [Perspective] Innate lymphoid cells sweeten the pot
    • Authors: Lora V. Hooper
      Abstract: Immune cells prompt gut epithelial cells to produce carbohydrate nutrients for resident bacteria [Also see Research Article by Goto et al.] Author: Lora V. Hooper
      Keywords: Immunology
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259808
  • [Policy Forum] A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal
    • Authors: Edward B. Barbier
      Abstract: Short-term emergency response and long-run investments are needed Author: Edward B. Barbier
      Keywords: Disaster Management
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254629
  • [Book Review] What is in a word
    • Authors: Laurie E. Cutting
      Abstract: Author: Laurie E. Cutting
      Keywords: Cognitive Systems
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1258446
  • [Book Review] What are the chances?
    • Authors: Eve Limbrick-Oldfield
      Abstract: Author: Eve Limbrick-Oldfield
      Keywords: Probability
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256007
  • [Books et al.] Books Received
    • Abstract: A listing of books received at Science during the week ending 05 September 2014.
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1253-b
  • [Letter] Retraction
    • Authors: Tatsuaki Okada
      Authors : Tatsuaki Okada, Kei Shirai, Yukio Yamamoto, Takehiko Arai, Kazunori Ogawa, Kozue Hosono, Manabu Kato
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1254-a
  • [In Depth] Giant dinosaur was a terror of Cretaceous waterways
    • Authors: Michael Balter
      Abstract: Fossils offer first evidence that some dinosaurs could swim. Author: Michael Balter
      Keywords: Paleontology
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1232
  • [In Depth] China blamed for U.S. ozone
    • Authors: Eric Hand
      Abstract: Western states caught between rising background levels and more stringent federal limits. Author: Eric Hand
      Keywords: Atmospheric Science
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1233
  • [Feature] Young blood
    • Authors: Stephen S. Hall
      Abstract: Young animals' blood holds rejuvenating powers. Amy Wagers wants to know why. Author: Stephen S. Hall
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1234
  • [Perspective] RNA and dynamic nuclear organization
    • Authors: John Rinn
      Abstract: Long noncoding RNAs may function as organizing factors that shape the cell nucleus
      Authors : John Rinn, Mitchell Guttman
      Keywords: RNA Function
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1252966
  • [Perspective] Morality beyond the lab
    • Authors: Jesse Graham
      Abstract: Much of moral life involves attending to our own good deeds and to the bad deeds of others [Also see Report by Hofmann et al.] Author: Jesse Graham
      Keywords: Behavior
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259500
  • [Perspective] Changing behaviors to prevent noncommunicable diseases
    • Authors: Dave A. Chokshi
      Abstract: Altering physical and social environments can change behaviors to improve population health
      Authors : Dave A. Chokshi, Thomas A. Farley
      Keywords: Health
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259809
  • [In Brief] This Week's section
    • Abstract: A roundup of weekly science policy and related news.
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1224
  • [In Depth] Ebola vaccines racing forward at record pace
    • Authors: Jon Cohen
      Abstract: Rushing them into widespread use without large-scale trials raises hopes and concerns. Author: Jon Cohen
      Keywords: Infectious Disease
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1228
  • [In Depth] Ebola: ‘Wow, that is really tough’
    • Authors: Leslie Roberts
      Abstract: WHO's Bruce Aylward says international action is needed right now. Author: Leslie Roberts
      Keywords: Interview
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1229
  • [In Depth] Secession vote rocks science
    • Authors: Daniel Clery
      Abstract: Vying camps make bold claims about sovereignty as a blessing—or a curse—for science. Author: Daniel Clery
      Keywords: U.K. Politics
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1231
  • [Report] Ultrafast optical control of orbital and spin dynamics in a
           solid-state defect
    • Authors: Lee C. Bassett
      Abstract: The electronic spin in a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond is manipulated with optical pulses alone. [Also see Perspective by Childress]
      Authors : Lee C. Bassett, F. Joseph Heremans, David J. Christle, Christopher G. Yale, Guido Burkard, Bob B. Buckley, David D. Awschalom
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1255541
  • [Report] All-optical control of ferromagnetic thin films and
    • Authors: C-H. Lambert
      Abstract: The all-optical control of magnetization in thin ferromagnetic films is demonstrated.
      Authors : C-H. Lambert, S. Mangin, B. S. D. Ch. S. Varaprasad, Y. K. Takahashi, M. Hehn, M. Cinchetti, G. Malinowski, K. Hono, Y. Fainman, M. Aeschlimann, E. E. Fullerton
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253493
  • [Report] Morality in everyday life
    • Authors: Wilhelm Hofmann
      Abstract: Seeing, performing, or receiving a moral act influences how people behave later that day. [Also see Perspective by Graham]
      Authors : Wilhelm Hofmann, Daniel C. Wisneski, Mark J. Brandt, Linda J. Skitka
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1251560
  • [Report] Loss of avian phylogenetic diversity in neotropical agricultural
    • Authors: Luke O. Frishkoff
      Abstract: Longer branches of the avian phylogenetic tree are disproportionately lost in agricultural landscapes in Costa Rica.
      Authors : Luke O. Frishkoff, Daniel S. Karp, Leithen K. M’Gonigle, Chase D. Mendenhall, Jim Zook, Claire Kremen, Elizabeth A. Hadly, Gretchen C. Daily
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254610
  • [Report] Biogeographic patterns in ocean microbes emerge in a neutral
           agent-based model
    • Authors: Ferdi L. Hellweger
      Abstract: Mutations and ocean currents in combination have generated the current distributions of marine microbes. [Also see Perspective by Giovannoni and Nemergut]
      Authors : Ferdi L. Hellweger, Erik van Sebille, Neil D. Fredrick
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254421
  • [Report] A memory of errors in sensorimotor learning
    • Authors: David J. Herzfeld
      Abstract: The history of previously experienced motor errors changes the amount the brain is willing to learn from an error.
      Authors : David J. Herzfeld, Pavan A. Vaswani, Mollie K. Marko, Reza Shadmehr
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253138
  • [Report] Boundary condition of grounding lines prior to collapse, Larsen-B
           Ice Shelf, Antarctica
    • Authors: M. Rebesco
      Abstract: Surface warming caused the disintegration of the Larsen Ice Shelf in 2002.
      Authors : M. Rebesco, E. Domack, F. Zgur, C. Lavoie, A. Leventer, S. Brachfeld, V. Willmott, G. Halverson, M. Truffer, T. Scambos, J. Smith, E. Pettit
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256697
  • [Report] Thyroid hormone–dependent adult pigment cell lineage and
           pattern in zebrafish
    • Authors: Sarah K. McMenamin
      Abstract: Zebrafish adult pigment cells arise from several lineages and require thyroid hormone for pattern development.
      Authors : Sarah K. McMenamin, Emily J. Bain, Anna E. McCann, Larissa B. Patterson, Dae Seok Eom, Zachary P. Waller, James C. Hamill, Julie A. Kuhlman, Judith S. Eisen, David M. Parichy
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1256251
  • [Report] Local reorganization of xanthophores fine-tunes and colors the
           striped pattern of zebrafish
    • Authors: Prateek Mahalwar
      Abstract: Adult fish pigment xanthophores originate from larval xanthophores and acquire different shapes over stripes.
      Authors : Prateek Mahalwar, Brigitte Walderich, Ajeet Pratap Singh, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1254837
  • [Report] Development of the annelid axochord: Insights into notochord
    • Authors: Antonella Lauri
      Abstract: A comparative study suggests that the chordate notochord evolved from a ventral midline muscle in bilaterian ancestors.
      Authors : Antonella Lauri, Thibaut Brunet, Mette Handberg-Thorsager, Antje H.L. Fischer, Oleg Simakov, Patrick R. H. Steinmetz, Raju Tomer, Philipp J. Keller, Detlev Arendt
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1253396
  • [Report] Genomic surveillance elucidates Ebola virus origin and
           transmission during the 2014 outbreak
    • Authors: Stephen K. Gire
      Abstract: Sequencing the genome of Ebola virus disease provides tracking information.
      Authors : Stephen K. Gire, Augustine Goba, Kristian G. Andersen, Rachel S. G. Sealfon, Daniel J. Park, Lansana Kanneh, Simbirie Jalloh, Mambu Momoh, Mohamed Fullah, Gytis Dudas, Shirlee Wohl, Lina M. Moses, Nathan L. Yozwiak, Sarah Winnicki, Christian B. Matranga, Christine M. Malboeuf, James Qu, Adrianne D. Gladden, Stephen F. Schaffner, Xiao Yang, Pan-Pan Jiang, Mahan Nekoui, Andres Colubri, Moinya Ruth Coomber, Mbalu Fonnie, Alex Moigboi, Michael Gbakie, Fatima K. Kamara, Veronica Tucker, Edwin Konuwa, Sidiki Saffa, Josephine Sellu, Abdul Azziz Jalloh, Alice Kovoma, James Koninga, Ibrahim Mustapha, Kandeh Kargbo, Momoh Foday, Mohamed Yillah, Franklyn Kanneh, Willie Robert, James L. B. Massally, Sinéad B. Chapman, James Bochicchio, Cheryl Murphy, Chad Nusbaum, Sarah Young, Bruce W. Birren, Donald S. Grant, John S. Scheiffelin, Eric S. Lander, Christian Happi, Sahr M. Gevao, Andreas Gnirke, Andrew Rambaut, Robert F. Garry, S. Humarr Khan, Pardis C. Sabeti
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.1259657
  • [New Products] New Products
    • Abstract: A weekly roundup of information on newly offered instrumentation, apparatus, and laboratory materials of potential interest to researchers.
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1373-a
  • [Podcast] Science Podcast: 12 September Show
    • Abstract: On this week's show: Engineering global health and a news roundup.
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1373-b
  • [Business Office Feature] Multicultural Relationships: Working Across
    • Authors: Chris Tachibana
      Abstract: Chris Tachibana
      Keywords: Business Office Feature
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1375
  • [Working Life] The career I dreamed of?
    • Authors: Gale Rhodes
      Abstract: Author: Gale Rhodes
      PubDate: 2014-09-12
      DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6202.1414
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