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Journal Cover   Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems
  [SJR: 0.554]   [H-I: 14]   [263 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0033-0337
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [310 journals]
  • Negation Detection and Word Sense Disambiguation in Digital Archaeology
           Reports for the purposes of Semantic Annotation
    • Authors: Andreas Vlachidis, Douglas Tudhope
      First page: 118
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2015.
      Purpose The paper presents the role and contribution of Natural Language Processing Techniques, in particular Negation Detection and Word Sense Disambiguation in the process of Semantic Annotation of Archaeological Grey Literature. Archaeological reports contain a great deal of information that conveys facts and findings in different ways. This kind of information is highly relevant to the research and analysis of archaeological evidence but at the same time can be a hindrance for the accurate indexing of documents with respect to positive assertions Design/methodology/approach The paper presents a method for adapting the biomedicine oriented negation algorithm NegEx to the context of archaeology and discusses the evaluation results of the new modified negation detection module. A particular form of polysemy, which is inflicted by the definition of ontology classes and concerning the semantics of small finds in archaeology, is addressed by a domain specific word-sense disambiguation module. Findings The performance of the Negation Dection module is compared against a “Gold Standard” that consists of 300 manually annotated pages of archaeological excavation and evaluation reports. The evaluation results are encouraging, delivering overall 89% Precision, 80% Recall and 83% F-Measure scores. The paper addresses limitations and future improvements of the current work and highlights the need for ontological modelling to accommodate negative assertions. Originality/value The discussed NLP modules contribute to the aims of the OPTIMA pipeline delivering an innovative application of such methods in the context of archaeological reports for the semantic annotation of archaeological grey literature with respect to the CIDOC-CRM ontology
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:46:31 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0076
  • UHF RFID Proof of Concept (POC) with Open-Source ILS at Universiti Sains
           Malaysia (USM) Libraries
    • Authors: JingHuey Khor, Widad Ismail, Mohd Nasir Md Rashid, A. Akla Wan Ismail, Muhammad Qayum Omar, Farah Hazwani Mohd Zanal
      First page: 135
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2015.
      Purpose Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) uses different detection technologies and integrated library systems (ILS) at its four libraries located at different sites. Hence, ubiquitous data management system is required in the four libraries to enable real-time data sharing and tracking among the libraries. Design/methodology/approach Proof of concept is used to verify the performance of integration between different detection technologies including barcode, HF and UHF RFID as well as ILMU and Koha ILSs. Five pilot tests are performed to investigate the speed of the borrowing and returning transactions, the efficiency of security gate to detect non-borrowed items, and the reliability of the ubiquitous data management system. Findings The high frequency (HF) radio frequency identification (RFID) technology and the proprietary library system have been used in many libraries. The current study proves that the integration of the ultra high frequency (UHF) RFID technology and the Koha open-source integrated library system (ILS), which is named as Total Open-Source Library Automation Solution (TOSLAS), can be a novel solution and can serve as a guide for other libraries. Originality/value In the current phase of library data management system, it is common to integrate various technologies in improving the efficiency of the library system. But, the combination of Koha with UHF RFID into a single ILS for intra–library automation system has not been proven. This shows the importance of the proposed proven POC that proves such integration is suitable to be implemented at USM libraries and other libraries.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:47:04 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-11-2012-0060
  • Adoption of Web 2.0 in Library Associations in the Presence of Social
    • Authors: Akhtar Hussain
      First page: 151
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to discuss the adoption of web 2.0 in library associations in the presence of social media. This paper attempts to measure the penetration of web 2.0 tools in various library associations all over the world. Design/methodology/approach The study was conducted through an assessment of the library associations’ web sites. A total of 188 library associations’ web sites were analyzed, out of which 115 library associations have implemented web 2.0 applications; this is 61.17% of the total. Findings On the basis of the analysis it was found that the majority of web 2.0 tools have been used by American continents library associations. This stands at, 89.86%, whereas only a small number of web 2.0 tools have been used by Asian continent library associations, that is, 25.64%. The most of web 2.0 tools used by library associations, is, Facebook, Twitter, RSS feeds, LinkedIn, Flickr and Blogs. Research limitations/implications The findings of this study can be utilized to assess the status of assorted web 2.0 tools used in libraries associations. It may enable future research to investigate other aspects, such as the adoption of Web 2.0 tools in library associations of a particular country as well as continent. Originality/value The paper begins with an introduction to web 2.0 technology and attempts has been made to analyze the usage of this new technology in library associations worldwide.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:46:43 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2013-0007
  • A Strategic Framework for Good Governance through E-Governance
           Optimization: A case study of Punjab in India
    • Authors: Nirmaljeet Singh Kalsi, Ravi Kiran
      First page: 170
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2015.
      Purpose This present research attempts to find out whether the new information and communication technologies can make a significant contribution to the achievement of the objective of good governance. The study identifies the factors responsible for creating a conducive environment for effective and successful implementation of e-governance for achieving gGood governance and the possible barriers in the implementation of e governance applications. Based on the comprehensive analysis it proposes a strategic policy framework for good governance in Punjab in India. Punjab is a developed state ranked amongst some of the top states of India in terms of per capita income and infrastructure Design/methodology/approach The study designs a framework for good gGovernance by getting the shared vision of all stakeholders about providing good quality administration and governance in the Indian context through “Participatory Stakeholder Assessment”. The study uses descriptive statistics, perception gap, ANOVA and factor analysis to identify the key factors for good governance, the priorities of public regarding e-services, the policy makers’ perspectives regarding good governance to be achieved through e-governance. Findings The study captures the good governance factors mainly contributing to the shared vision. The study further highlights that most Indian citizens in Punjab today believe in the power of information and communication technology (ICT) and want to access e-governance services. Major factors causing pain & harassment to the citizens in getting the services from various government departments include: unreasonable delay, multiple visits even for small services; poor public infrastructure and its maintenance in government offices. In the understanding of citizens the most important factors for the success of e-governance services are: overall convenience and experience of the citizens; Reduction in the corruption levels by improvement in the transparency of government functioning and awareness about the availability of service amongst general masses. Originality/value The present study has evolved a shared vision of all stakeholders on good governance in the Indian context. It has opened up many new possibilities for the governments, not only to use ICTs and help them in prioritizing the governance areas for focused attention, but also help to understand the mindset of the modern citizenry, their priorities and what they consider as good governance. The study will help policy makers focus on these factors for enhancing speedy delivery of prioritized services and promote good governance in developing countries similar to India.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:46:39 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-12-2013-0067
  • Wayback Machine: Reincarnation to Vanished Online Citations
    • Authors: B T Sampath Kumar, D Vinay Kumar, K.R. Prithviraj
      First page: 205
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, April 2015.
      Purpose Purpose – The main aim of the research is to know the rate of loss of online citations used as references in scholarly journals. It also indented to recover the vanished online citations using Wayback Machine and also to calculate the half-life period of online citations. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach – The study selected 3 journals published by Emerald publication. All 389 articles published in these three scholarly journals were selected. A total of 15211 citations were extracted of which 13281 were print citations and only 1930 were online citations. The online citations so extracted were then tested to determine whether they were active or missing on the Web. W3C Link Checker was used to check the existence of online citations. The online citations which got HTTP error message while testing for its accessibility were then entered in to the search box of the Wayback Machine to recover vanished online citations . Findings Findings – Study found that only 12.69% (1930 out of 15211) citations were online citations and the percentage of online citations varied from a low of 9.41 in the year 2011 to high of 17.52 in the year 2009. Another notable finding of the research was that 30.98% of online citations were not accessible (vanished) and remaining 69.02% of online citations were still accessible (active). The HTTP 404 error message – “page not found” was the overwhelming message encountered and represented 62.98% of all HTTP error message. It was found that the Wayback Machine had archived only 48.33% of the vanished web pages, leaving 51.67% still unavailable. The half-life of online citations was increased from 5.40 years to 11.73 years after recovering the vanished online citations. Originality/value Originality/value – This is a systematic and in-depth study on recovery of vanished online citations cited in journals articles spanning a period of 5 years. The findings of the study will be helpful to researchers, authors, publishers and editorial staff to recover vanishing online citations using Wayback Machine.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:47:08 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-07-2013-0039
  • A Feature Selection Approach for Automatic E-book Classification Based on
           Discourse Segmentation
    • Authors: Jiunn-Liang Guo et al
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.
      Purpose The aim of this paper is to develop a novel feature selection approach for automatic text classification of large digital documents – E-books of online library system. The main idea mainly aims on automatically identifying the discourse features in order to improving the feature selection process rather than focusing on the size of the corpus. Design/methodology/approach The proposed framework intends to automatically identify the discourse segments within e-books and capture proper discourse subtopics that are cohesively expressed in discourse segments and treating these subtopics as informative and prominent features. The selected set of features is then used to train and perform the e-book classification task based on the SVM technique. Findings The evaluation of the proposed framework shows that identifying discourse segments and capturing subtopic features leads to better performance, in comparison with two conventional feature selection techniques: TFIDF and MI. It also demonstrates that discourse features play important roles among textual features, especially for large documents such as e-books. Research limitations/implications Automatically extracted subtopic features cannot be directly entered into FS process but requires control of the threshold. Practical implications The proposed technique has demonstrated the promised application of using discourse analysis to enhance the classification of large digital documents – e-books as against to conventional techniques. Originality/value A new FS technique is proposed which can inspect the narrative structure of large documents and it is new to the text classification domain. The other contribution is that it inspires the consideration of discourse information in future text analysis, by providing more evidences through evaluation of the results. The proposed system can be integrated into other library management systems.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:02 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-12-2012-0071
  • An Investigation Into The Perceptions Of Academic Librarians And Students
           Towards Next-Generation Opacs And Their Features
    • Authors: Hollie M. Osborne et al
      First page: 23
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.
      Purpose This article seeks to determine whether features of next-generation OPAC interfaces are useful and intuitive to users who have different levels of searching ability. In addition, it investigates whether there is a difference between librarians’ and students’ preferences for specific features. Design/methodology/approach The research is based on 18 semi-structured interviews conducted in July 2012 with three groups of library users from The University Of Sheffield (TUOS): librarians; Master of Arts Librarianship students; and a group of other post-graduate students. Findings Overall, this study suggests that while the next-generation catalogue interfaces and features are useful, they are not as “intuitive” as some previous studies have claimed. Interviewees appeared to prefer the searching and browsing options over the Web 2.0 features. Both librarians and students have similar opinions regarding the usefulness of next-generation OPAC features, but preferences are complex. Research limitations/implications The study is based on one institution, and the disciplinary background of the postgraduate students was limited. Practical implications Promoting next generation OPACs and explaining their features to users is essential. Originality/value The paper adds to our understanding of users’ preferences in relation to next-generation OPACs, locating the findings of the current findings firmly in the context of previous literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:15 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2013-0055
  • Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of an Online Community for Archive
           Management in Taiwan
    • Authors: Fang-Ming HSU et al
      First page: 46
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the richness of information and the satisfaction of participants in an online community regarding archive management in Taiwan. Design/methodology/approach An investigation was deployed to attendants in 20 training courses created by the National Archives Administration (NAA) in Taiwan for records staff on the topic of digital preservation. The responses were collected from respondents who were participating in an online community for archive management. Through structural equation modeling method, this study examined the effects of channel richness, information transparency and accessibility of archive to brand image and trust and then continued to the satisfaction of professional participants to archive management in an online community. Findings Appropriate disclosure of information regarding archiving can effectively improve the satisfaction of participants in the online community to archive. Channel richness of communication, information transparency and accessibility of archive significantly affect the brand image of archive and the trust of participants to archivists and finally affect the satisfaction of participants in the online community toward archive management. Practical implications The larger the amount of information exchanged, the more the trust among participants and the better brand image of the archives. The more trust and brand image exists among participants, the more satisfaction they will obtain from archive management. Originality/value The results can provide a strategic direction for managers of the national archive and the online community in government agencies to allocate resources for enhancing the information richness and the image of archive as well as achieving the satisfaction of participants in the professional community.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:05 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-12-2012-0068
  • Towards an Evaluation of Semantic Searching in Digital Repositories: A
           DSpace Case-Study
    • Authors: Georgia Solomou et al
      First page: 63
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.
      Purpose Successful learning infrastructures and repositories often depend on well-organized content collections for effective dissemination, maintenance and preservation of resources. By combining semantic descriptions already lying or implicit within their descriptive metadata, reasoning-based or semantic searching of these collections can be enabled and produce novel possibilities for content browsing and retrieval. The specifics and necessities of such an approach however make it hard to assess and measure its effectiveness Design/methodology/approach Therefore in this paper we introduce a concrete methodology towards a pragmatic evaluation of semantic searching in such scenarios, which is exemplified through the Semantic Search plugin we have developed for the popular DSpace repository system. Findings Our results reveal that this approach can be appealing to expert as well as novice users alike, improve the effectiveness of content discovery and enable new retrieval possibilities in comparison to traditional, keyword-based search. Originality/value This paper presents applied research efforts to employ semantic searching techniques on digital repositories and to construct a novel methodology for evaluating the outcomes against various perspectives. Although this is original in itself, value lies also within the concrete and measurable results presented, accompanied by an analysis, that would be helpful to assess similar (i.e. semantic query answering and searching) techniques in the particular scenario of digital repositories and libraries and to evaluate corresponding investments. To our knowledge there has been hardly any other evaluation effort in the literature for this particular case; that is, to assess the merit and usage of advanced semantic technologies in digital repositories.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:17:15 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-07-2013-0037
  • Enhancing the management of unstructured data in e-learning systems using
    • Authors: Milorad Pantelija Stević et al
      First page: 91
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.
      Purpose Current e-learning platforms are based on relational database management systems and are well suited for handling structured data. However, it is expected from e-learning solutions to efficiently handle unstructured data as well. The purpose of this paper is to show an alternative to current solutions for unstructured data management. Design/methodology/approach Current repository-based solution for file management was compared to MongoDB architecture according to their functionalities and characteristics. This included several categories: data integrity, hardware acquisition, processing files, availability, handling concurrent users, partition tolerance, disaster recovery, backup policies and scalability. Findings This paper shows that it is possible to improve e-learning platform capabilities by implementing a hybrid database architecture that incorporates relational database management system for handling structured data and MongoDB database system for handling unstructured data. Research limitations/implications The study shows an acceptable adoption of MongoDB inside a service oriented architecture (SOA) for enhancing e-learning solutions. Practical implications This research enables an efficient file handling not only for e-learning systems, but also for any system where file handling is needed. Originality/value It is expected that future single/joint e-learning initiatives will need to manage huge amount of files and they will require effective file handling solution. The new architecture solution for file handling is offered in this paper: it is different from current solutions because it is less expensive, more efficient, more flexible and requires less administrative and development effort for building and maintaining.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:16:45 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-11-2013-0063
  • Index it right! Advice from the experts, Vol. 3
    • Authors: Michael Sharrocks et al
      First page: 115
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 1, February 2015.

      PubDate: Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:55:57 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-12-2014-0089
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