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Journal Cover   Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems
  [SJR: 0.554]   [H-I: 14]   [269 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0033-0337
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [311 journals]
  • New alliances for research and teaching support: Establishing the
           Göttingen eResearch Alliance
    • Authors: Birgit Schmidt
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose The main aim of this paper is to describe the design and implementation of policies, digital infrastructures and hands-on support for eResearch at the University of Göttingen. Core elements of this activity are to provide support for research data management to researchers of all disciplines and to coordinate on-campus activities. These activities are actively aligned with disciplinary, national and international policies and e-infrastructures. Design/methodology/approach The process of setting up and implementing an institutional data policy and its necessary communications and workflows are described and analyzed. A first assessment of service development and uptake is provided in the area of embedded research data support. Findings A coordination unit for e-research brings together knowledge about methods and tools that are otherwise scattered across disciplinary units. This provides a framework for policy implementation and improves the quality of institutional research environments. Research limitations/implications Practical implications The study provides information about an institutional implementation strategy for infrastructure and services related to research data. The lessons learned allow insights into current challenges and work ahead. Originality/value With a cross-cutting, ‘horizontal’ approach, in the Göttingen eResearch Alliance, two research-orientated infrastructure providers, a library and an IT service, combine their services and expertise to develop an eResearch service and support portfolio for the Göttingen Campus.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-12T12:24:30Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0020
  • Research data management and openness: The role of data sharing in
           developing institutional policies and practices
    • Authors: Rosie Higman, Stephen Pinfield
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose To investigate the relationship between research data management (RDM) and data sharing in the formulation of RDM policies and development of practices in higher education institutions (HEIs). Design/methodology/approach Two strands of work were undertaken sequentially: firstly, content analysis of 37 RDM policies from UK HEIs; secondly, two detailed case studies of institutions with different approaches to RDM based on semi-structured interviews with staff involved in the development of RDM policy and services. The data are interpreted using insights from Actor Network Theory. Findings RDM policy formation and service development has created a complex set of networks within and beyond institutions involving different professional groups with widely varying priorities shaping activities. Data sharing is considered an important activity in the policies and services of HEIs studied, but its prominence can in most cases be attributed to the positions adopted by large research funders. Research limitations/implications The case studies, as research based on qualitative data, cannot be assumed to be universally applicable but do illustrate a variety of issues and challenges experienced more generally, particularly in the UK. Practical implications The research may help to inform development of policy and practice in RDM in HEIs and funder organisations. Originality/value This paper makes an early contribution to the RDM literature on the specific topic of the relationship between RDM policy and services, and openness – a topic which to date has received limited attention.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-01-2015-0005
  • Research data management services for a multidisciplinary, collaborative
           research project: design and implementation of the TR32DB project database
    • Authors: Constanze Curdt, Dirk Hoffmeister
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose Research data management (RDM) comprises all processes which ensure that research data are well-organized, documented, stored, backed up, accessible, and re-usable. RDM systems form the technical framework. The paper aims to present the design and implementation of a RDM system for an interdisciplinary, collaborative, long-term research project with focus on Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere data. Design/methodology/approach The presented RDM system is based on a three-tier (client-server) architecture. This includes a file-based data storage, a databases-based metadata storage, and a self-designed user-friendly web-interface. The system is designed in cooperation with the local computing centre, where it is also hosted. A self-designed interoperable, project-specific metadata schema ensures the accurate documentation of all data. Findings A RDM system has to be designed and implemented according to requirements of project participants. General challenges and problems of RDM should be considered. Thus, a close cooperation with the scientists obtains the acceptance and usage of the system. Originality/value This paper provides evidence that the implementation of a RDM system in the provided and maintained infrastructure of a computing center offers many advantages. Consequently, the designed system is independent of the project funding. In addition, access and re-use of all involved project data is ensured. A transferability of the presented approach to another interdisciplinary research project was already successful. Furthermore, the designed metadata schema can be expanded according to changing project requirements.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:22Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0016
  • Variability in academic research data management practices: implications
           for data services development from a faculty survey
    • Authors: Amanda Lea Whitmire, Michael Boock, Shan C. Sutton
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate how knowledge of local research data management (RDM) practices critically informs the progressive development of data services (RDS) after basic services have already been established. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was distributed via email to all university faculty in the fall of 2013, and was left open for just over one month. We sent two reminder emails before closing the survey. Survey data were downloaded from Qualtrics survey software and analyzed in R. Findings In this paper, we reviewed a subset of survey findings that included data types, volume, and storage locations, RDM roles and responsibilities, and metadata practices. We found that OSU researchers are generating a wide variety of data types, and that practices vary between colleges. We discovered that faculty are not utilizing campus-wide storage infrastructure, and are maintaining their own storage servers in surprising numbers. Faculty-level research assistants perform the majority of data-related tasks at OSU, with the exception of data sharing, which is primarily handled by the professorial ranks. We found that many faculty on campus are creating metadata, but that there is a need to provide support in how to discover and create standardized metadata. Originality/value This paper presents a novel example of how to efficiently move from establishing basic RDM services to providing more focused services that meet specific local needs. It provides an approach for others to follow when tackling the difficult question of, “What next?” with regard to providing academic research data services.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:19Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0017
  • Research data management at the University of Bristol: charting a course
           from project to service
    • Authors: Debra Hiom, Dom Fripp, Stephen Gray, Kellie Snow, Damian Steer
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose To chart the development of research data management services within the University of Bristol, from the initial Jisc funded project, through to pilot service and planned core funding of the service. Design/methodology/approach The paper provides a case study of the approach of the University of Bristol Library service to develop a sustainable Research Data Service. Findings It outlines the services developed during the project and pilot phases of the service. In particular it focusses on the sustainability planning to ensure that research data management is embedded as a core university service. Originality/value The case study provides practical advice and valuable insights into the issues and experiences of ensuring that research data management is properly valued and supported within universities.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:16Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0019
  • Librarians as partners in research data service development at Griffith
    • Authors: Samantha Searle, Malcolm Wolski, Natasha Simons, Joanna Richardson
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of the paper is to describe the evolution to date and future directions in research data policy, infrastructure, skills development and advisory services in an Australian university, with a focus on the role of librarians. Design/methodology/approach The authors have been involved in the development of research data services at Griffith, and the case study presents observations and reflections arising from their first-hand experiences. Findings Griffith University's organisational structure and 'whole-of-enterprise' approach has facilitated service development to support research data. Fostering strong national partnerships has also accelerated development of institutional capability. Policies and strategies are supported by pragmatic best practice guidelines aimed directly at researchers. Iterative software development and a commitment to well-supported enterprise infrastructure enable the provision of a range of data management solutions. Training programs, repository support and data planning services are still relatively immature. Griffith recognises that information services staff (including librarians) will need more opportunities to develop knowledge and skills to support these services as they evolve. Originality/value This case study provides examples of library-led and library-supported activities that could be used for comparative purposes by other libraries. At the same time, it provides a critical perspective by contrasting areas of good practice within the University with those of less satisfactory progress. While other institutions may have different constraints or opportunities, some of the major concepts within this paper may prove useful to advance the development of research data capability and capacity across the library profession.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:12Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0013
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Andrew Cox
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.

      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:09Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-08-2015-0055
  • Using Participatory Design and Visual Narrative Inquiry to Investigate
           Researchers’ Data Challenges and Recommendations for Library
           Research Data Services
    • Authors: Eleanor Mattern, Wei Jeng, Daqing He, Liz Lyon, Aaron Brenner
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 4, September 2015.
      Purpose This paper reports on an information gathering study on users’ research data-related challenges and proposals for library research data services (RDS). This study probes how early career researchers visually conceptualize the research process in their disciplines, their self-reported research data challenges, and their recommendations for library RDS. Design/methodology/approach Two focus group sessions were undertaken with a total of eight early career researchers. Adopting the visual narrative inquiry method, the participants were asked to sketch the general research process in their domain. The individuals’ illustrations of the research process were then used as the basis for reflecting on their data-related needs and potential RDS that would assist them during the research process. Findings Participants presented a research process that was more personal and, in most cases, more imperfect than the research lifecycle models that academic libraries are increasingly using for RDS development and communication. We present their data-related challenges, which included data access barriers, low knowledge of best practices for research data management, an the need for a deeper understanding of post-publication impact, and inconsistent awareness of existing library and institution RDS. We outline RDS recommendations that participants proposed, which included a web-based tools, customized training sessions, and “distilled” guides to research data best practices. Practical implications The study flagged users’ gaps in understandings of existing library and institutional RDS, suggesting that there may be an opportunity to engage users in the design of communications plans for services. The findings from this user study will inform the development of RDS at our institution. Originality/value This paper puts forth a methodological approach that academic libraries can adapt for understanding users’ needs and user-generated design solutions.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-08-08T12:24:06Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-01-2015-0012
  • Evaluation and usage scenarios of open source digital library and
           collection management tools
    • Authors: Georgios Gkoumas, Fotis Lazarinis
      Pages: 226 - 241
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 226-241, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to evaluate open source software (OSS) for digital libraries and collection management and to propose different utilization scenarios based on the characteristics of the tools. Design/methodology/approach – The tools are assessed on the basis of their technical features and options, the type of the content they manage, the support for common library operations such as cataloging and circulation, the searching support and the interoperability options. Then they are evaluated by users and finally a number of usage scenarios are analyzed based on the results of the evaluation. Findings – The basic findings of the study is that open source digital library and collection management tools offer advanced operations and support various metadata and interoperability protocols with easy and user-friendly interfaces. Most of the tools are extensively used under various settings and establishments already. Language support for the interfaces should be extended with more languages and some tools with limited operations should be improved to be of practical use. Practical implications – The findings of the paper could be used support the selection of specific open source tools for various types of establishments. Originality/value – The study reviews the characteristics of a few OSS for digital libraries and collection management and reveals their specific strengths and weaknesses. It also presents a number of realistic scenarios and proposes the usage of specific tools based on time, technology and staff constraints.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:28:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-09-2014-0070
  • An application profile for research collaboration and information
    • Authors: Chariya Nonthakarn, Vilas Wuwongse
      Pages: 242 - 265
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 242-265, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to design an application profile that will enable interoperability among research management systems, support research collaboration, and facilitate the management of research information. Design/methodology/approach – The approach is based on the Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profile, a framework for designing metadata schemas for maximum interoperability. The application profile is built from gathering stakeholders’ requirements in research community and integrates four types of research information, i.e., information on researchers, research projects, research outputs, and research reports, which benefits researchers, research managers, and funding agencies. Findings – The resultant application profile is evaluated against widely used similar metadata schemas and requirements; and is found to be more comprehensive than the existing schemas and meets the collected requirements. Furthermore, the application profile is deployed with a prototype of research management system and is found works appropriately. Practical implications – The designed application profile has implications for further development of research management systems that would lead to the enhancement of research collaboration and the efficiency of research information management. Originality/value – The proposed application profile covers information entire the research development lifecycle. Both schema and information can be represented in Resource Description Framework format for reusing purpose and linking with other information. This enables users to share research information, co-operate with others, funding agencies and the community at large, thereby allowing a research management system to increase collaboration and the efficiency of research management. Furthermore, researchers and research information can be linked by means of Linked Open Data technology.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:29:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2014-0007
  • Epistemological and ontological spirals
    • Pages: 266 - 288
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 266-288, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce the development of a knowledge management system. It allows the creation of new knowledge, its consolidation, distribution and combination in the field of educational innovation, in such a way that the knowledge is transferred from individuals to the organisation and from the organisation to individuals. To achieve this, the knowledge spirals of Nonaka are integrated. The epistemological spiral is used to obtain the ontologies that feed the ontological spiral. Design/methodology/approach – More than 600 university teachers participated in the research and the development of the management system, in which more than 400 educational innovation experiences and 1,100 authors have been included. Findings – The epistemological spiral is used to obtain the ontologies that feed the ontological spiral. The result is a double spiral that allows the contribution of a conceptual model and the development of an innovative tool that enables and automates the effective management of knowledge in educational innovation. Practical implications – A repository about educational innovation best practices and experiences is available. Social implications – The presented model for the sustainability and evolution for an educational innovation best practices repositories has a huge impact for education innovation recognition in the professional development of university teachers. On the other hand, it is way of sharing best practices of educational innovation all over the world. Originality/value – The major contribution of this research work is based on the way that the knowledge is transferred from individuals to the organisation and from the organisation to individuals. The classification schema and the proposed indicators are based on the elicitation of more than 600 experts and the study of a corpus of more than 400 educational innovation experiences that involve 1,100 university teachers approximately.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:30:08Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-06-2014-0033
  • The effect of network externality on mobile social network site
    • Authors: Tao Zhou
      Pages: 289 - 304
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 289-304, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of network externality on users’ continuance of mobile social network sites (SNS). Design/methodology/approach – Based on the 230 valid responses collected from a survey, structural equation modeling was employed to examine the research model. Findings – The results indicated that network externality, which includes referent network size and perceived complementarity, has a significant effect on perceived usefulness and flow. Privacy concern affects perceived usefulness, flow and privacy risk. These three factors determine continued use. Originality/value – Previous research has focussed on the effects of motivations such as perceived value on user adoption of SNS. The effect of network externality on user continuance has seldom been examined. This research tries to fill the gap.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:29:42Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0078
  • A structural model of information privacy concerns toward hospital
    • Authors: Kuang-Ming Kuo, Paul C. Talley, Chen-Chung Ma
      Pages: 305 - 324
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 305-324, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose and empirically test a theoretical model that considers the predictors of an individual’s perceptions of information privacy, and also how it relates to his/her behavioral intention toward approaching hospital web sites. Design/methodology/approach – This paper collects data using survey methodology. A total of 331 usable participants are gathered and analyzed via structural equation modeling. Findings – Significant predictors of information privacy concerns include a stated online privacy policy and a hospital’s reputation. Further, online privacy policy predicts a hospital’s reputation. Finally, hospital reputation and information privacy concerns significantly predict an individual’s behavioral intention toward approaching hospital web sites. Research limitations/implications – The study confirmed that an online privacy policy and reputation can effectively alleviate specific information privacy concerns; therefore, this may indicate that these two factors should be considered whenever investigating individuals’ information privacy concerns. Practical implications – To acquire a good reputation and to diminish individuals’ information privacy concerns toward hospital web sites, hospitals should pay attention to the posting of an online privacy policy and communicating such policies to given individuals. Originality/value – This paper fulfils the gap of exploring the relationship among online privacy policy, organization reputation, and information privacy concerns. Further, the hypothesized model and its findings could also provide useful information for managers who are intent on boosting hospital web site usage frequency patterns.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:29:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2014-0014
  • Mass collaborative knowledge management
    • Authors: Chaolemen Borjigen
      Pages: 325 - 342
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 325-342, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal the underlying principles of knowledge processing in a new era of mass collaboration and provide an integrated guideline for organizational knowledge management (KM) based on identifying the gaps between the existing KM theories and emerging knowledge initiatives such as Web 2.0, Pro-Am, Crowdsourcing, as well as Open Innovation. Design/methodology/approach – This research mainly employs three types of research methodologies: Literature study was conducted to connect this study with conventional theories in KM and propose the main principles of Mass Collaborative Knowledge Management (MCKM). Object-oriented modeling was used for designing its interaction model. The case study method was employed to discuss the two typical practices carried out by Goldcorp Inc. as well as the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency. Findings – This paper proposes the novel KM paradigm called MCKM and also provides its main principles and the interaction model. First, it identifies the gaps between emerging practices and existing KM theories. Second, it embraces the long tails into the scope of organizational KM and extends the scope of prevailing KM studies. Third, it falls back on Pro-Ams to save the costs of and to reduce the risk to organizational KM as well. Fourth, it highlights the advantages of opening organizational internal knowledge and transforms the core beliefs in conventional KM. Finally, it classifies organizational knowledge into two types, domain knowledge and non-domain knowledge, and provides some managing policies, respectively. Practical implications – Introducing MCKM into organizational KM will not only enhance the organizational knowledge creation and sharing, but also help an organization build its open knowledge ecosystem. Originality/value – This is a paper to introduce a new direction of KM studies, which guides an organization to build an open knowledge ecosystem by implementing mass collaborations and taking advantages of the complementary advantages of men and machines in knowledge processing.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:30:14Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0023
  • Library Facebook practices for creating and promoting a professional
    • Authors: Evgenia Vassilakaki, Emmanouel Garoufallou
      Pages: 343 - 359
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, Page 343-359, July 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth insight on librarians’ use of the social networking site Facebook as a way to connect and promote interaction with library users. A series of common practices for building and maintaining a Facebook page for information professionals are thoroughly and critically presented. Design/methodology/approach – Two methods were employed for the purposes of this study. Specifically, a systematic review was adopted to identify all the relevant literature concerning librarian’s use of Facebook, and a content analysis of the literature to identify the specific Facebook features used, the way these were employed by librarians, and the reasons these specific features were chosen. Findings – In total, 12 Facebook features used by librarians in the literature were identified through content analysis. The creation of the librarian’s Facebook Profile was the most important featured employed followed by Groups Messages, Wall Posts, Events and Friends. Research limitations/implications – This study extents a literature review paper (Vassilakaki and Garoufallou, 2014). Therefore, only papers published between 2005 and 2012 and assigned to categories “librarians creating profiles on Facebook”, “Librarians personal experiences on Facebook” and “exploring librarians’ perspectives” were considered with the view to focus on librarians’ views and the way they use Facebook to connect with users. Originality/value – This study contributes in providing the baseline for creating a series of best practices for librarians use of Facebook for professional purposes. Furthermore, it provides a valuable insight on the specific ways information professionals use Facebook successfully.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-22T01:29:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0073
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