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Journal Cover   Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems
  [SJR: 0.554]   [H-I: 14]   [270 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0033-0337
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [311 journals]
  • Evaluation and usage scenarios of open source digital library and
           collection management tools
    • Authors: Georgios Gkoumas, Fotis Lazarinis
      First page: 226
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate open source software for digital libraries and collection management and to propose different utilization scenarios based on the characteristics of the tools. Design/methodology/approach The tools are assessed on the basis of their technical features and options, the type of the content they manage, the support for common library operations such as cataloging and circulation, the searching support, and the interoperability options. Then they are evaluated by users and finally a number of usage scenarios are analyzed based on the results of the evaluation. Findings The basic findings of the study is that open source digital library and collection management tools offer advanced operations and support various metadata and interoperability protocols with easy and user friendly interfaces. Most of the tools are extensively used under various settings and establishments already. Language support for the interfaces should be extended with more languages and some tools with limited operations should be improved to be of practical use. Practical implications The findings of the paper could be used support the selection of specific open source tools for various types of establishments. Originality/value The study reviews the characteristics of a few open source software for digital libraries and collection management and reveals their specific strengths and weaknesses. It also presents a number of realistic scenarios and proposes the usage of specific tools based on time, technology, and staff constraints.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:17:47Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-09-2014-0070
  • An Application Profile for Research Collaboration and Information
    • Authors: Chariya Nonthakarn, Vilas Wuwongse
      First page: 242
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose This paper aims to design an application profile that will enable interoperability among research management systems, support research collaboration and facilitate the management of research information. Design/methodology/approach The approach is based on the Singapore Framework for Dublin Core Application Profile, a framework for designing metadata schemas for maximum interoperability. The application profile is built from gathering stakeholders’ requirements in research community and integrates four types of research information, i.e., information on researchers, research projects, research outputs, and research reports, which benefits researchers, research managers, and funding agencies. Findings The resultant application profile is evaluated against widely used similar metadata schemas and requirements; and is found to be more comprehensive than the existing schemas and meets the collected requirements. Furthermore, the application profile is deployed with a prototype of research management system and is found works appropriately. Practical implications The designed application profile has implications for further development of research management systems that would lead to the enhancement of research collaboration and the efficiency of research information management. Originality/value The proposed application profile covers information entire the research development lifecycle. Both schema and information can be represented in RDF format for re-using purpose and linking with other information. This enables users to share research information, co-operate with others, funding agencies and the community at large, thereby allowing a research management system to increase collaboration and the efficiency of research management. Furthermore, researchers and research information can be linked by means of Linked Open Data (LOD) technology.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:17:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2014-0007
  • Epistemological and ontological spirals: from individual experience in
           educational innovation to the organisational knowledge in the university
    • Authors: Ángel Fidalgo-Blanco, María Luisa Sein-Echaluce, Francisco García-Peñalvo
      First page: 266
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose The development of a knowledge management system is introduced in this study. It allows the creation of new knowledge, its consolidation, distribution and combination in the field of educational innovation, in such a way that the knowledge is transferred from individuals to the organisation and from the organisation to individuals. To achieve this, the knowledge spirals of Nonaka are integrated. The epistemological spiral is used to obtain the ontologies that feed the ontological spiral. Design/methodology/approach More than 600 university teachers participated in the research and the development of the management system, in which more than 400 educational innovation experiences and 1,100 authors have been included. Findings The epistemological spiral is used to obtain the ontologies that feed the ontological spiral. The result is a double spiral that allows the contribution of a conceptual model and the development of an innovative tool that enables and automates the effective management of knowledge in educational innovation. Practical implications A repository about Educational Innovation best practices and experiences is available. Originality/value The major contribution of this research work is the based on the way that the knowledge is transferred from individuals to the organisation and from the organisation to individuals. The classification schema and the proposed indicators are based on the elicitation of more than 600 experts and the study of a corpus of more than 400 educational innovation experiences that involve 1,100 university teachers approximately.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:18:04Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-06-2014-0033
  • The Effect of Network Externality on Mobile Social Network Site
    • Authors: Tao Zhou
      First page: 289
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of network externality on users’ continuance of mobile social network sites (SNS). Design/methodology/approach Based on the 230 valid responses collected from a survey, structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the research model. Findings The results indicated that network externality, which includes referent network size and perceived complementarity, has a significant effect on perceived usefulness and flow. Privacy concern affects perceived usefulness, flow and privacy risk. These three factors determine continued use. Originality/value Previous research has focused on the effects of motivations such as perceived value on user adoption of social network sites. The effect of network externality on user continuance has seldom been examined. This research tries to fill the gap.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:17:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0078
  • A Structural Model of Information Privacy Concerns toward Hospital
    • Authors: Kuang-Ming Kuo, Paul C. Talley, Chen-Chung Ma
      First page: 305
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this study is to propose and empirically test a theoretical model that considers the predictors of an individual’s perceptions of information privacy, and also how it relates to his/her behavioral intention toward approaching hospital websites. Design/methodology/approach This paper collects data using survey methodology. A total of 331 usable participants are gathered and analyzed via structural equation modeling. Findings Significant predictors of information privacy concerns include a stated online privacy policy and a hospital’s reputation. Further, online privacy policy predicts a hospital’s reputation. Finally, hospital reputation and information privacy concerns significantly predict an individual’s behavioral intention toward approaching hospital websites. Research limitations/implications Our study confirmed that an online privacy policy and reputation can effectively alleviate specific information privacy concerns; therefore, this may indicate that these two factors should be considered whenever investigating individuals’ information privacy concerns. Practical implications To acquire a good reputation and to diminish individuals’ information privacy concerns toward hospital websites, hospitals should pay attention to the posting of an online privacy policy and communicating such policies to given individuals. Originality/value This paper fulfils the gap of exploring the relationship among online privacy policy, organization reputation, and information privacy concerns. Further, the hypothesized model and its findings could also provide useful information for managers who are intent on boosting hospital website usage frequency patterns.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:17:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2014-0014
  • Mass Collaborative Knowledge Management: Towards the Next Generation of
           Knowledge Management Studies
    • Authors: chaolemen borjigen
      First page: 325
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose This paper aims to reveal the underlying principles of knowledge processing in a new era of mass collaboration and provide an integrated guideline for organizational knowledge management based on identifying the gaps between the existing knowledge management theories and emerging knowledge initiatives such as Web2.0, Pro-Am, Crowdsourcing, as well as Open Innovation. Design/methodology/approach This research mainly employs three types of research methodologies: Literature study was conducted to connect this study with conventional theories in knowledge management and propose the main principles of Mass Collaborative Knowledge Management. Object-oriented modelling was used for designing its interaction model. The case study method was employed to discuss the two typical practices carried out by Goldcorp Inc. as well as the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency. Findings This paper proposes the novel knowledge management paradigm called Mass Collaborative Knowledge Management and also provides its main principles and the interaction model. First, it identifies the gaps between emerging practices and existing knowledge management theories. Second, it embraces the long tails into the scope of organizational knowledge management and extends the scope of prevailing knowledge management studies. Thirdly, it falls back on Pro-Ams to save the costs of and to reduce the risk to organizational knowledge management as well. Fourthly, it highlights the advantages of opening organizational internal knowledge and transforms the core beliefs in conventional knowledge management. Finally, it classifies organizational knowledge into two types, domain knowledge and non-domain knowledge, and provides some managing policies, respectively. Practical implications Introducing Mass Collaborative Knowledge Management into organizational knowledge management will not only enhance the organizational knowledge creation and sharing, but also help an organization build its open knowledge ecosystem. Originality/value This is a paper to introduce a new direction of knowledge management studies, which guides an organization to build an open knowledge ecosystem by implementing mass collaborations and taking advantages of the complementary advantages of men and machines in knowledge processing.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:18:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2015-0023
  • Library Facebook Practices for Creating and Promoting a Professional
    • Authors: Evgenia Vassilakaki, Emmanouel Garoufallou
      First page: 343
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 3, July 2015.
      Purpose This study aims to provide an in-depth insight on librarians’ use of the social networking site Facebook as a way to connect and promote interaction with library users. A series of common practices for building and maintaining a Facebook page for information professionals are thoroughly and critically presented. Design/methodology/approach Two methods were employed for the purposes of this study. Specifically, a systematic review was adopted to identify all the relevant literature concerning librarian's use of Facebook, and a content analysis of the literature to identify the specific Facebook features used, the way these were employed by librarians, and the reasons these specific features were chosen. Findings Twelve Facebook features used by librarians in the literature were identified through content analysis. The creation of the librarian’s Facebook Profile was the most important featured employed followed by Groups Messages, Wall Posts, Events and Friends. Research limitations/implications This study extents a literature review paper (Vassilakaki and Garoufallou, 2014). Therefore, only papers published between 2005 to 2012 and assigned to categories “librarians creating profiles on Facebook”, “Librarians personal experiences on Facebook” and “exploring librarians' perspectives” were considered with the view to focus on librarians' views and the way they use Facebook to connect with users. Originality/value This study contributes in providing the baseline for creating a series of best practices for librarians use of Facebook for professional purposes. Furthermore, it provides a valuable insight on the specific ways information professionals use Facebook successfully.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-06-03T12:18:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0073
  • Negation detection and word sense disambiguation in digital archaeology
           reports for the purposes of semantic annotation
    • Authors: Andreas Vlachidis, Douglas Tudhope
      Pages: 118 - 134
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 118-134, April 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the role and contribution of natural language processing techniques, in particular negation detection and word sense disambiguation in the process of Semantic Annotation of Archaeological Grey Literature. Archaeological reports contain a great deal of information that conveys facts and findings in different ways. This kind of information is highly relevant to the research and analysis of archaeological evidence but at the same time can be a hindrance for the accurate indexing of documents with respect to positive assertions. Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents a method for adapting the biomedicine oriented negation algorithm NegEx to the context of archaeology and discusses the evaluation results of the new modified negation detection module. A particular form of polysemy, which is inflicted by the definition of ontology classes and concerning the semantics of small finds in archaeology, is addressed by a domain specific word-sense disambiguation module. Findings – The performance of the negation dection module is compared against a “Gold Standard” that consists of 300 manually annotated pages of archaeological excavation and evaluation reports. The evaluation results are encouraging, delivering overall 89 per cent precision, 80 per cent recall and 83 per cent F-measure scores. The paper addresses limitations and future improvements of the current work and highlights the need for ontological modelling to accommodate negative assertions. Originality/value – The discussed NLP modules contribute to the aims of the OPTIMA pipeline delivering an innovative application of such methods in the context of archaeological reports for the semantic annotation of archaeological grey literature with respect to the CIDOC-CRM ontology.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-03-26T11:24:01Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-10-2014-0076
  • UHF RFID proof of concept (POC) with open-source ILS at Universiti Sains
           Malaysia (USM) Libraries
    • Authors: JingHuey Khor, Widad Ismail, Mohd Nasir Md Rashid, A. Akla Wan Ismail, Muhammad Qayum Omar, Farah Hazwani Mohd Zanal
      Pages: 135 - 150
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 135-150, April 2015.
      Purpose – Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) uses different detection technologies and integrated library systems (ILS) at its four libraries located at different sites. Hence, ubiquitous data management system is required in the four libraries to enable real-time data sharing and tracking among the libraries. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach – Proof of concept is used to verify the performance of integration between different detection technologies including barcode, high frequency (HF) and ultra high frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) as well as Integrated Library Management Utility (ILMU) and Koha ILSs. Five pilot tests are performed to investigate the speed of the borrowing and returning transactions, the efficiency of security gate to detect non-borrowed items, and the reliability of the ubiquitous data management system. Findings – The HF RFID technology and the proprietary library system have been used in many libraries. The current study proves that the integration of the UHF RFID technology and the Koha open-source ILS, which is named as Total Open-Source Library Automation Solution, can be a novel solution and can serve as a guide for other libraries. Originality/value – In the current phase of library data management system, it is common to integrate various technologies in improving the efficiency of the library system. But, the combination of Koha with UHF RFID into a single ILS for intra-library automation system has not been proven. This shows the importance of the proposed proven proof of concept that proves such integration is suitable to be implemented at USM libraries and other libraries.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-03-26T11:24:23Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-11-2012-0060
  • Adoption of Web 2.0 in library associations in the presence of social
    • Authors: Akhtar Hussain
      Pages: 151 - 169
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 151-169, April 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the adoption of Web 2.0 in library associations in the presence of social media. This paper attempts to measure the penetration of Web 2.0 tools in various library associations all over the world. Design/methodology/approach – The study was conducted through an assessment of the library associations’ web sites. A total of 188 library associations’ web sites were analysed, out of which 115 library associations have implemented Web 2.0 applications; this is 61.17 percent of the total. Findings – On the basis of the analysis it was found that the majority of Web 2.0 tools have been used by American continents library associations. This stands at, 89.86 percent, whereas only a small number of Web 2.0 tools have been used by Asian continent library associations, that is, 25.64 percent. The most of Web 2.0 tools used by library associations, is, Facebook, Twitter, RSS feeds, LinkedIn, Flickr and Blogs. Research limitations/implications – The findings of this study can be utilized to assess the status of assorted Web 2.0 tools used in libraries associations. It may enable future research to investigate other aspects, such as the adoption of Web 2.0 tools in library associations of a particular country as well as continent. Originality/value – The paper begins with an introduction to Web 2.0 technology and attempts has been made to analyse the usage of this new technology in library associations worldwide.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-03-26T11:24:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-02-2013-0007
  • A strategic framework for good governance through e-governance
    • Authors: Nirmaljeet Singh Kalsi, Ravi Kiran
      Pages: 170 - 204
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 170-204, April 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to attempt to find out whether the new information and communication technologies can make a significant contribution to the achievement of the objective of good governance. The study identifies the factors responsible for creating a conducive environment for effective and successful implementation of e-governance for achieving good governance and the possible barriers in the implementation of e governance applications. Based on the comprehensive analysis it proposes a strategic policy framework for good governance in Punjab in India. Punjab is a developed state ranked amongst some of the top states of India in terms of per capita income and infrastructure. Design/methodology/approach – The study designs a framework for good governance by getting the shared vision of all stakeholders about providing good quality administration and governance in the Indian context through “Participatory Stakeholder Assessment”. The study uses descriptive statistics, perception gap, ANOVA and factor analysis to identify the key factors for good governance, the priorities of public regarding e-services, the policy makers’ perspectives regarding good governance to be achieved through e-governance. Findings – The study captures the good governance factors mainly contributing to the shared vision. The study further highlights that most Indian citizens in Punjab today believe in the power of information and communication technology (ICT) and want to access e-governance services. Major factors causing pain and harassment to the citizens in getting the services from various government departments include: unreasonable delay, multiple visits even for small services; poor public infrastructure and its maintenance in government offices. In the understanding of citizens the most important factors for the success of e-governance services are: overall convenience and experience of the citizens; reduction in the corruption levels by improvement in the transparency of government functioning and awareness about the availability of service amongst general masses. Originality/value – The present study has evolved a shared vision of all stakeholders on good governance in the Indian context. It has opened up many new possibilities for the governments, not only to use ICTs and help them in prioritizing the governance areas for focused attention, but also help to understand the mindset of the modern citizenry, their priorities and what they consider as good governance. The study will help policy makers focus on these factors for enhancing speedy delivery of prioritized services and promote good governance in developing countries similar to India.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-03-26T11:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-12-2013-0067
  • Wayback machine: reincarnation to vanished online citations
    • Authors: B T Sampath Kumar, D Vinay Kumar, K.R. Prithviraj
      Pages: 205 - 223
      Abstract: Program, Volume 49, Issue 2, Page 205-223, April 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to know the rate of loss of online citations used as references in scholarly journals. It also indented to recover the vanished online citations using Wayback Machine and also to calculate the half-life period of online citations. Design/methodology/approach – The study selected three journals published by Emerald publication. All 389 articles published in these three scholarly journals were selected. A total of 15,211 citations were extracted of which 13,281 were print citations and only 1,930 were online citations. The online citations so extracted were then tested to determine whether they were active or missing on the Web. W3C Link Checker was used to check the existence of online citations. The online citations which got HTTP error message while testing for its accessibility were then entered in to the search box of the Wayback Machine to recover vanished online citations. Findings – Study found that only 12.69 percent (1,930 out of 15,211) citations were online citations and the percentage of online citations varied from a low of 9.41 in the year 2011 to high of 17.52 in the year 2009. Another notable finding of the research was that 30.98 percent of online citations were not accessible (vanished) and remaining 69.02 percent of online citations were still accessible (active). The HTTP 404 error message – “page not found” was the overwhelming message encountered and represented 62.98 percent of all HTTP error message. It was found that the Wayback Machine had archived only 48.33 percent of the vanished web pages, leaving 51.67 percent still unavailable. The half-life of online citations was increased from 5.40 years to 11.73 years after recovering the vanished online citations. Originality/value – This is a systematic and in-depth study on recovery of vanished online citations cited in journals articles spanning a period of five years. The findings of the study will be helpful to researchers, authors, publishers, and editorial staff to recover vanishing online citations using Wayback Machine.
      Citation: Program
      PubDate: 2015-03-26T11:24:26Z
      DOI: 10.1108/PROG-07-2013-0039
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