Journal Cover Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice
  [SJR: 0.253]   [H-I: 3]   [426 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1752-4512 - ISSN (Online) 1752-4520
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • The Path to Enlightenment: Limiting Costs and Maximizing Returns from
           Intelligence-Led Policy and Practice in Public Policing
    • Authors: James A.
      Pages: 410 - 420
      Abstract: Intelligence-led policing’s (ILP) promise to reform policing has attracted many to its cause. Based on empirical research, this article challenges the validity of some of its claims and explains the ways that ILP may most fruitfully be employed. The research found that the success or failure of ILP depends on people and not on the ILP technologies, organizational structures, or processes that routinely receive attention. ILP may make perfect business sense in principle but human factors will always mitigate its prospects. Justifiably, ILP is the preferred strategy for combating organized crime or ‘professional’ criminals; the cost of investigations and intrusions into privacy can more readily be warranted. In the policing mainstream, an acceptable return on investment in those same methods is unlikely because the professional skills and specialist resources required to service them are in such short supply. Moreover, in liberal democracies their use is much more difficult to justify in social worlds that, properly, lie largely beyond the institutions’ control.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw050
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2017)
  • Let’s Dance: Variations of Partnerships in Community Policing
    • Authors: Makin D; Marenin O.
      Pages: 421 - 436
      Abstract: Community-oriented policing (COP) has become, at least in rhetoric, the dominant style of policing among countries systems across the globe. Yet even limited comparative research reveals the vast variations that have occurred among and within nations that nominally seek to implement the basic principles and values underlying COP. One core principle of COP is partnership/co-production. We focus on the question whether a policing system can be said to implement the COP philosophy if effective partnerships are lacking. Partnerships, or working together, can range from merely symbolic interactions to effective and roughly equal cooperation among the police and civic society groups. Based on selected country studies, we argue that the type of partnership adopted depends heavily on societal conditions that enable or constrain implementation, but also who—police or civic society—originates and implements the idea.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw053
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2017)
  • Rigmarole and Red Tape: Background to a Common Police Officers’
    • Authors: Terpstra J; Kort J.
      Pages: 437 - 447
      Abstract: Over the past years several governments have launched policies to reduce the red tape within the police force. What is it exactly that police officers are complaining about' What are the factors that contribute to red tape within the police organization' We observed the daily routines in one local police team in a Netherlands’ city and used the findings of several prior studies on red tape in the Netherlands’ police. This analysis shows that red tape is often an umbrella term for highly divergent problems of the police force. There may be a considerable discrepancy between the officers’ complaints and the time they factually spend on their paperwork. We also did three case studies to understand which factors and processes may contribute to red tape. They show that red tape is often the outcome of processes in complex policy networks and that several trajectories may be involved.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw054
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2017)
  • The Market for Human Smuggling into Europe: A Macro Perspective
    • Authors: Campana P.
      Pages: 448 - 456
      Abstract: The public discourse on human smuggling into the European Union often evokes the presence of a few all-powerful ‘Mr Bigs’ who are able to ‘mastermind’ illegal operations. This article takes a closer look at the recent trends in relation to two key smuggling routes—the Eastern and the Central Mediterranean—with the aim to identify the analytical and empirical features of the markets for smuggling services. It shows that these markets have the ability to expand considerably and often over a short period of time. It then argues that this is consistent with the presence of many competitive enterprises, low barriers to entry, low skills and (relatively) low capital requirements. This is a far cry from how the public discourse is often framed. The costs to the smugglers of monitoring agents and clients are also likely to be modest—particularly in comparison with human trafficking. The article concludes by discussing some policy implications, including the adoption of land-based policies (regarded as more effective than naval operations) and a suggestion for a change in the terminology adopted in policy and intelligence reports.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw058
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2017)
  • Dockers in Drugs: Policing the Illegal Drug Trade and Port Employee
           Corruption in the Port of Rotterdam
    • Authors: Eski Y; Buijt R.
      Pages: 371 - 386
      Abstract: This contribution shall focus on corrupt Port of Rotterdam employees who fulfilled a role in the illegal drug trade by being involved in so-called rip-off cases. By ‘rip-off’ is meant the use of legitimate cargo and containers to hide bags of drugs, whereas the traditional rip-off consists of a buyer being deceived by a drug seller (e.g. purity of drugs is halved). To understand the reasons for their corruption, an in-depth qualitative thematic analysis of official police files took place in 2014. Although law enforcement agencies explain that port employees are solely financially motivated to assist in rip-offs, this study shows that their financial motivations are intertwined with social justifications construed by port employees during their interrogations. Their self-justifications are focused on illegitimately pursuing the legitimate goal of taking care of family, amplified by criminal seductions coming from colleagues. Implications for an evidence-based port policing aimed to police corrupt port employees, and with it, the illegal drug trade, shall be considered as well.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw044
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2016)
  • A Research Note on Community Policing: The Missing (Democratic) Link in
           Local Governance in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Chan W.
      Pages: 387 - 399
      Abstract: This study investigates how community policing takes on its actual meanings in the specific circumstances of contemporary Hong Kong. Hong Kong people place tremendous stake on the rule of law, which has always become one of the acclaimed ‘core values’ distinguishing the post-handover Hong Kong from the rest of China. Against this social background, this paper argues that largely due to the non-democratic structuring of local governance, law is inadequate to maintain a locally given order, and then community policing vested with the necessary police discretion is very often adopted to accommodate the real needs in the local community. This argument is based on the inductive analysis by using a case study of the policing of a marketplace in Hong Kong. It has been found that the local governmental institution consistently calls for the police’s strict enforcement of law in order to resolve the community problems generated by the routine operation of the marketplace. On the other hand, the police are actually working against such a call by discretionarily handling the extra-legal arrangements in the marketplace. Taken together, the current study reveals that one of the actual meanings of Hong Kong’s community policing is defined by the contradictory juxtaposition situated between the official ideal and local reality.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw045
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2016)
  • Perceptions of Procedural Justice and Coercion during Community-Based
           Mental Health Crisis: A Comparison Study among Stand-Alone Police Response
           and Co-Responding Police and Mental Health Clinician Response
    • Authors: Furness T; Maguire T, Brown S, et al.
      Pages: 400 - 409
      Abstract: The interaction of police officers with people experiencing community-based mental health crisis has involved the use of first responder police responses and/or co-responding approaches with mental health clinicians. Despite favourable outcomes, the consumer experience remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to profile perceptions about the Northern Police and Clinician Response (NPACER) when the unit responded to mental health crisis compared with perceptions of a police only response. A total of 43 participants were recruited from an acute adult inpatient mental health unit and completed the Police Contact Experience Scale that quantifies perceptions of procedural justice and coercion. The major finding was that the NPACER model enabled greater perceptions of procedural justice and comparable perceptions of coercion. Although the NPACER facilitated clinical advantages, the nature of involuntary hospitalization may explain similar perceptions of coercion among the NPACER and a police officer only response.
      PubDate: Sat, 10 Dec 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paw047
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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