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Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.178
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 430  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1752-4512 - ISSN (Online) 1752-4520
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [397 journals]
  • Introduction Crime Analysis Practice, Research Partnerships, and Role in
           Evidence-Based Policing
    • Authors: Santos R; Santos R.
      Pages: 251 - 254
      Abstract: According to the International Association of Crime Analysts, crime analysis is defined as (IACA, 2014: 2):
      PubDate: Fri, 10 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay029
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Organizational and Practical Considerations of Starting a Crime
           Analysis Unit: A Case Study of a Midwestern Police Department
    • Authors: Dolly C; Shawver B.
      Pages: 255 - 264
      Abstract: In recent years, the concept of evidence-based policing has become commonplace in academic and practitioner-minded literature. The law enforcement community acknowledges the benefits of using data to guide policing strategy, yet still takes the acceptance of data analysis for granted when integrating it into the daily operations of police departments. How can data analysis be implemented in a way that provides value to police department managers and patrol officers delivering service' This article examines the start-up of a crime analysis unit in a large, Midwest police department in 2015. Using a case study analysis, the article examines some of the early successes and the potential pitfalls of a new crime analysis unit. Specifically, the article will examine the importance of culture change, the recruitment and selection of crime analysts, and the ongoing effort to provide value to department customers, as well as the community. The case study will focus academically on how change occurs within police organizations, but moreover on practical considerations that will be of great benefit to practitioners wishing to start a crime analysis unit or to improve an existing one. The article will add to the field of crime analysis by combining the insights of practitioners and the perspective of academics.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay005
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2018)
  • The Evolution of the Police Analyst and the Influence of Evidence-Based
    • Authors: Keay S; Kirby S.
      Pages: 265 - 276
      Abstract: The National Intelligence Model (NIM), implemented in the UK during 2000, was at the centre of the police reform agenda and catalyst for a growth in the number of police analyst posts within UK police agencies. Since then, commentators have questioned whether the role of the police analyst has lived up to expectation. This has been an interesting development considering that crime analysis is an essential component in influencing policing activity. This study explores the status of police analysts in the UK and outlines why the position may have been undermined. However, it also asks whether the growing emphasis towards evidence-based policing (EBP) provides a renewed opportunity for police analysts and the integration of crime analysis. It argues the integration of EBP (interpreted in its widest sense) could be an evolutionary step in finally establishing the police analyst as a true law enforcement professional. In doing so, it examines the role of the analyst both as a producer of information and as a bridge to partners, including academia, to assist in co-production of rigorous analysis that can be used to direct policing resources and influence policy.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax065
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Role of Crime Analyst and Researcher Partnerships: A Training Exercise
           in Green Bay, Wisconsin
    • Authors: Drawve G; Belongie M, Steinman H.
      Pages: 277 - 287
      Abstract: There continues a movement in place-based research to more fully understanding the context of ‘where’ public safety outcomes occur. By focusing on the ‘where’ element, this enables police agencies to identify specific situational contexts contributing to outcomes they deal with on a daily basis, potentially allowing for tailored proactive and preventative strategies. The current paper bridges the academic and practitioner realms to develop a mutually beneficial training exercise. The present study utilizes risk terrain modeling and conjunctive analysis of case configurations for analysis of traffic incidents in Green Bay, WI, USA. Our efforts from all stages are discussed while highlighting challenges along the way.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax092
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Police Organizational Change after Implementing Crime Analysis and
           Evidence-Based Strategies through Stratified Policing
    • Authors: Santos R.
      Pages: 288 - 302
      Abstract: This article presents the findings from an evaluation of one sheriff’s office in Florida. Evidence-based policing strategies and crime analysis were implemented within the agency through ‘stratified policing’, an organizational framework to facilitate the systematic implementation of evidence-based practices through problem solving, analysis, and accountability. Crime analysis is an integral part of stratified policing and is the foundation on which all evidence-based practices are implemented and evaluated within the approach. While the agency saw crime reductions after implementation of stratified policing, when implementing and sustaining new practices throughout a police organization, it is important to evaluate components of organizational change. Thus, two waves of the same anonymous online survey were administered to agency personnel to obtain their perceptions about leadership, accountability, communication, and transparency occurring within the agency’s crime reduction efforts as well as the frequency of proactive crime reduction activities. Comparisons of the mean results for the two waves (i.e. baseline and one year of implementation) show significant increases in the amount of crime reduction activities in addition to significant improvements in leadership, accountability, communication, and transparency. Personnel were also more satisfied with the agency’s crime reduction efforts. The findings support stratified policing as one way to institutionalize crime analysis and evidence-based crime reduction and make important changes to sustain practices within an agency’s crime reduction culture.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax076
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Evidence-Based Policing and the Stratified Integration of Crime Analysis
           in Police Agencies: National Survey Results
    • Authors: Smith J; Santos R, Santos R.
      Pages: 303 - 315
      Abstract: Using data collected from a 2008 national survey of over 1,000 agencies, this paper presents findings about the stratified integration of crime analysis into police patrol operations. Relationships are examined among stratified crime analysis integration, and the agency’s commitment to crime analysis, evidence-based crime reduction approaches, and accountability mechanisms. The analysis shows that there is no connection between patrol commanders’ commitment to crime analysis or prioritization of evidence-based practices and the appropriate use of crime analysis by line-level officers, first-line supervisors, and managers (i.e., stratified crime analysis integration). The analysis does show that having a designated crime analyst and prioritizing accountability for crime reduction at all ranks were strong predictors of stratified crime analysis integration. The findings suggest that the presence of a primary analyst and of accountability mechanisms is more than agencies simply ‘saying’ that evidence-based practices or crime analysis is important.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax079
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Reframing an Obvious Police Problem: Discovery, Analysis and Response to a
           Manufactured Problem in a Small City
    • Authors: Zidar M; Shafer J, Eck J.
      Pages: 316 - 331
      Abstract: Research shows most police work is handling minor crimes and disorders. Studies of serious crimes have eclipsed the application of crime analysis to improve policing of these numerous minor events. This has limited the utility of research findings to larger cities where part I crimes are numerous enough to allow systematic enquiry. In this article, we look at the efforts by a medium size police department to address larceny-theft from a large retail store. We detail the work of the Paducah Police Department’s (PPD) crime analyst, applying the SARA process, to take on shoplifting at two Walmart locations. The PPD found that Walmart’s shoplifting policies encouraged arrests, but wasted public police resources. Using the analyst’s findings, the PPD worked with Walmart to alter reporting policies and procedures for theft under 500 dollars. This reduced larceny-theft reports and the City’s total crime counts in the concurrent year. We end with a discussion of the lessons from this problem-solving effort, particularly for analysts in small and mid-sized cities.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax085
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Working Towards Intelligence-Led Policing: The Phoenix Police Department
           Intelligence Officer Program
    • Authors: Telep C; Ready J, Bottema A.
      Pages: 332 - 343
      Abstract: Since October 2014, the Phoenix Police Department has been implementing an innovative program to integrate intelligence into patrol operations through the use of intelligence officers (IOs). The program involves the use of IOs trained to focus on information gathering and reporting to intelligence analysts as part of their daily patrol activities and working collaboratively to use intelligence to solve recurring problems. We provide an overview of the IO program and the literature on intelligence-led policing that guided its development and describe implementation efforts to date. We also discuss evaluation efforts to assess the impact of the program on intelligence gathered, officer activities, and crime, and provide initial results on effects of the program on officer attitudes from two waves of survey data, which suggest patrol officers are generally supportive of the program.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax094
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Towards an Intelligence-Led Approach to Address Wildlife Crime in Uganda
    • Authors: Moreto W; Cowan D, Burton C.
      Pages: 344 - 357
      Abstract: Wildlife law enforcement is an under-researched form of policing. Increased recognition of the severity of wildlife crimes, including poaching and the illegal wildlife trade, has led to the adoption of intelligence-led strategies at the international, regional, and local level in an attempt to bolster detection, investigation, and information-sharing capabilities. Much attention, however, has focussed on ‘high’-level intelligence operations rather than ‘low’-level approaches. The present study contributes to the criminal justice and conservation science literature by investigating the intelligence-led approach utilized by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). Drawn from semi-structured interviews (n = 89) and observational data, this study examines the introduction of an intelligence unit within the law enforcement department of the UWA in five study sites. Our data suggests that while most respondents acknowledged the importance of intelligence-led operations and were familiar with the intelligence cycle, the implementation of intelligence-led tactics did not reflect a true intelligence model and mirrored more of a traditional, investigation-led approach. This was primarily attributed to the lack of trained crime and intelligence analysts within the organization. Implications for conservation policy, wildlife law enforcement, and policing research are discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax064
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
  • Jerry H. Ratcliffe. Intelligence-Led Policing
    • Authors: Hunt E.
      Pages: 358 - 359
      Abstract: RatcliffeJerry H. (2016). Intelligence-Led Policing. 2nd Edition. London & New York: Routledge Press. ISBN: 978-1-138-85901-2 soft cover, $34. 1-192 pages
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax070
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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