Journal Cover
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.178
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 450  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1752-4512 - ISSN (Online) 1752-4520
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [409 journals]
  • In-memoriam, Sophie Body-Gendrot
    • Authors: Bartkowiak-Théron I.
      Pages: 121 - 122
      Abstract: The journal farewells Professor Sophie Body-Gendrot, who passed away on Friday 21 September 2018 in Paris, France. It has been almost a year since Sophie passed away, and an opportune time to reflect on the impact she made on the discipline.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paz027
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2019)
  • Investigating the Characteristics of Vulnerable Referrals Made to a
           Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub
    • Authors: Shorrock S; McManus M, Kirby S.
      Pages: 201 - 212
      Abstract: AbstractMulti-Agency Safeguarding Hubs (MASHs) have been a feature of safeguarding processes since 2010, aiming to increase information sharing, joint decision-making, and co-ordinated interventions between safeguarding agencies. However, understanding the mechanisms underpinning MASH, and who they protect, is limited. This article attempts to bridge this gap in knowledge by quantitatively examining referrals made to one MASH location in the North of England between 1 October 2013 and 30 November 2014 (n = 51,264). The findings outline general features of a MASH framework while demonstrating that demand placed upon MASH is influenced by a range of static and dynamic risk factors, including gender, age, and ethnicity. The study highlights the complex nature of referrals made to MASH and suggests that while MASH has taken a step towards a multi-agency approach to safeguarding, questions regarding MASHs ability to effectively safeguard vulnerable individuals at the earliest opportunity remain.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paz003
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2019)
  • Creating a Culture of Police Officer Wellness
    • Authors: Cohen I; McCormick A, Rich B.
      Pages: 213 - 229
      Abstract: AbstractOperational and organizational stressors are characteristic components of police work. Police culture has historically resisted acknowledging the need to accept interventions in response to the operational stress injuries resulting from the frequent exposure to workplace trauma. Similarly, few police leaders have effectively managed to change the police culture to one accepting and receptive to members seeking and accessing help for operational stress injuries. In this review, the authors discuss various sources of operational and organizational stress in policing, identify a number of promising wellness practices and strategies, and argue for the need for strong leadership among police executives to lead their organizations through the changes necessary to produce a police organization that is healthy and resilient.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paz001
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2019)
  • Disability and Law Enforcement Personnel: Perceptions from the Rocky
           Mountain Region of the USA
    • Authors: Bezyak J; Clemens E, Pergantis S, et al.
      Pages: 230 - 240
      Abstract: AbstractIndividuals with disabilities report being less satisfied with law enforcement services compared with the general population, and most law enforcement jurisdictions often lack protocols and report training and resource barriers to effective interaction and communication with individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of law enforcement personnel regarding interaction and communication with individuals with disabilities in order to enhance training and technical assistance. Data were collected from 19 law enforcement personnel who participated in focus groups in the Rocky Mountain region. Four main themes emerged from the data. The first three described professional interactions with individuals with disabilities: (1) interpersonal skills, (2) complex responsibilities, and (3) conflicting expectations. The final theme represents actionable recommendations for training and practice: (4) improvement opportunities. Implications for further assessment and training opportunities, along with future research, are provided.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paz005
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2019)
  • People with Dementia Who Go Missing: A Qualitative Study of Family
           Caregivers Decision to Report Incidents to the Police
    • Authors: Shalev Greene K; Clarke C, Pakes F, et al.
      Pages: 241 - 253
      Abstract: AbstractWalking and exercising are an important part of living well with dementia. People with dementia may have an inability to recognize familiar places, find a familiar location, or become disoriented and are more likely to become missing. The aim of this article is to identify what factors influence family caregivers of people with dementia reporting them missing to the police. We used a qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews of 12 family caregivers of people with dementia in UK. We identify four factors that inhibit family caregivers from reporting a missing person incident to the police and three factors that prompt family caregivers to call the police. We discuss implications for improved policy and practices by law enforcement agencies, social services, health services, and non-government organizations.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Feb 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/paz007
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2019)
  • Understanding the Changing Patterns of Behaviour Leading to Increased
           Detentions by the Police under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act 1983
    • Authors: Thomas A; Forrester-Jones R.
      Pages: 134 - 146
      Abstract: AbstractThe number of detentions by the police under section 136 of the Mental Health Act has significantly increased over recent years. Over the same period, relative funding of mental health services has declined. The implication is that the latter has in some way caused the former. In this study, the behaviours of people resulting in their detention are examined, as are the motivations of the officers detaining them.Over the last 30 years, behaviours leading to detention have changed significantly. They were overwhelmingly violent, abusive, aggressive, or delusional but now they overwhelmingly relate to self-harm. Treatment rates following detention 30 years ago were over 90% but now this has fallen to around 20%. The lowest treatment rates 30 years ago were for detentions for threats of self-harm and this remains so now.There has also been the emergence of a ‘risk-averse’ culture in policing, fearful of ‘deaths in police contact’, which may have significantly contributed to this increase in detentions. This has resulted in the creation of a new ‘patient pathway’ which gives priority access, through the police, to otherwise difficult to access mental health services.Restricting this pathway explains how ‘street triage’ schemes reduce detentions. Where the officer is advised by a Health professional not to detain a person, they are then indemnified for any subsequent outcomes. In the absence of such advice, officers feel they have no choice but to detain, where there are threats of self-harm.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay011
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • ‘Together in Work, but Alone at Heart’: Insider Perspectives on the
           Mental Health of British Police Officers
    • Authors: Turner T; Jenkins M.
      Pages: 147 - 156
      Abstract: AbstractThis research explored the mental health of British police. Interviews with six officers, of varying rank, were conducted to explore the nature, prevalence and causes of mental health issues amongst colleagues. Data was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis to draw out key themes. Results indicate that whilst mental health issues are pervasive amongst police, many avoid seeking help due to a culture of invincibility, and a fear of impeding their career progression. The cause of distress was principally attributed to organizational bureaucracy; the impact of exposure to trauma was consistently minimized. Participants were critical of formal support mechanisms, and felt the absence of social spaces at work impeded collegiate support, and caused feelings of isolation. Findings highlight the need for a cultural shift, at both an individual and organizational level. Education is needed to counter the stigma of psychological distress amongst officers. Furthermore, mechanisms of formal and informal support should be reviewed as a priority.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay016
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • Exploring Mental Health-Related Calls for Police Service: A Canadian Study
           of Police Officers as ‘Frontline Mental Health Workers’
    • Authors: Shore K; Lavoie J.
      Pages: 157 - 171
      Abstract: AbstractOfficial police data from a Canadian city were used to provide insight into calls for police service that were primarily related to mental health concerns (N = 400). People with mental illness (PMI) consumer demographics, situation features, and outcomes of these interactions were analysed. Police encounters with PMI included youth and ethnic minorities, and were often characterized by substance abuse and self-harm. Over half of the encounters were resolved formally by police making Mental Health Act (MHA) apprehensions, though less than half of these apprehensions resulted in hospital admission. Indicators of PMI self-harm, abrupt cessation of medication by PMI, and police contact initiated by civilians or service providers (e.g. paramedics) increased the likelihood of MHA apprehensions. Police made mental health referrals during 40% of informally resolved incidents. Indicators of PMI self-harm, PMI ethnicity, and police contact initiated by service providers were predictors of police-initiated mental health service referral. Implications for police training and collaborations with mental health service providers are discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay017
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • Temporal Patterns of Mental Health Act Calls to the Police
    • Authors: Vaughan A; Hewitt A, Hodgkinson T, et al.
      Pages: 172 - 185
      Abstract: AbstractRecent research has shown that crime-related police calls for service account for 20–30% of police call-related activity. In this article, we analyse temporal patterns of calls for police service relating to mental health. Approximately, 22,000 mental health-related calls are analysed. Seasonal, monthly, and daily patterns are analysed using ANOVA and negative binomial regression. Mental health-related calls for police service have a distinct temporal pattern for the days of the week and, to a lesser extent, at different times of the year. These calls for police service are elevated during fall/winter months and during the week. Our analyses show that police resourcing based only on criminal activity is limited for at least this one form of police calls for service. This may have implications for police resourcing and scheduling, particularly in the context of the day of the week and when special mental health teams are needed.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay060
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Impact of Health-Oriented Leadership on Police Officers’ Physical
           Health, Burnout, Depression and Well-Being
    • Authors: Santa Maria A; Wolter C, Gusy B, et al.
      Pages: 186 - 200
      Abstract: AbstractThe present study examines the impact of health-oriented leadership (HoL) on health outcomes of police officers. HoL refers to leaders’ health-specific orientation toward followers and includes behavioural as well as motivational and cognitive aspects. We tested whether HoL has a direct effect on police officers’ mental and physical health and whether this relationship is mediated by work-related health behaviours of the officers themselves. Data were collected at a large urban police department in Germany (n = 811). Results indicate that HoL is negatively related to levels of burnout, depression and physical complaints among police officers and is positively related to their state of well-being. The relationship between leadership and well-being was partially mediated by the officers’ own health-related behaviours, indicating that HoL also affects followers’ well-being by promoting health-related self-care at work. The results emphasize the importance of leadership for follower health and provide valuable information for leadership development in the context of police work.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay067
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • Sophie Body-Gendrot and Catherine Wihtol De Wenden (2014).Policing the
           Inner City in France, Britain, and the US
    • Authors: Donohue R; Jr.
      Pages: 254 - 256
      Abstract: Body-GendrotSophie and Wihtol De WendenCatherine (2014). Policing the Inner City in France, Britain, and the US.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.ISBN: 978-1-137-42799-1(Hardback); $69.99. 152 pages
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay050
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • Body-Gendrot, S. and Withol de Wenden, C. (2014).Policing the Inner City
           in France, Britain, and the US
    • Authors: Okolie-Osemene J.
      Pages: 256 - 258
      Abstract: Body-GendrotS. and Withol de WendenC. (2014).Policing the Inner City in France, Britain, and the US. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 978-1-137-42799-1 $69.99. 152 pages
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Oct 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pay084
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018)
  • ‘It’s Mental Health, Not Mental Police’: A Human Rights Approach to
           Mental Health Triage and Section 136 of the Mental Health Act 1983
    • Authors: Morgan M; Paterson C.
      Pages: 123 - 133
      Abstract: AbstractA human rights approach to the policing of mental ill-health raises fundamental questions about the vulnerability of people in the care of the police, the appropriateness of police interventions, and how societies define and delineate the role and function of the police and health sectors. It is the challenge of understanding and interpreting the police–health nexus and its associated points of intervention that this article addresses. The article uses a human rights framework to explore the challenges that emerge when policing mental ill-health through the use of Section 136 of the Mental Health Act 1983 and recent experimental use of mental health triage in England and Wales. The article explores the potential of triage to alleviate some of the human rights concerns associate with the use of Section 136 through interviews with police officers involved with the triage pilots. The final discussion situates experiments with mental health triage against a backcloth of mental health’s increasingly prominent position on the global public policy agenda. The article concludes with call for a reassessment and realignment of thinking about the police–health nexus that aligns with the United Nations’ sustainable development goals for 2030.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/police/pax047
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2017)
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