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Police Quarterly
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.654
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 497  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1098-6111 - ISSN (Online) 1552-745X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1089 journals]
  • The Usual Suspects: Prior Criminal Record and the Probability of Arrest
    • Authors: Lisa Stolzenberg, Stewart J. D’Alessio, Jamie L. Flexon
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      A unique dataset is analyzed to investigate the effect of a criminal suspect’s prior criminal record on the probability of arrest. Multivariate logistic regression results show that a criminal suspect with a prior criminal record is approximately 29 times more likely than a suspect without a criminal record to be arrested by police. While findings also reveal that Black suspects and Black suspects with a prior criminal record do not have an enhanced proclivity of arrest, Black suspects with a prior criminal record who target White victims are almost three times more apt to be arrested. When juxtaposed with the finding in the baseline model of a substantive relationship between a suspect’s race and the likelihood of arrest absent the control for prior criminal record, our results suggest that any correlation evinced between a criminal suspect’s race and the likelihood of arrest without controlling for the suspect’s prior criminal history may be spurious due to omitted variable bias.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-06-27T09:43:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120937304
       
  • Examining the Validity of Traffic Stop Data: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of
           Police Officer Compliance
    • Authors: Joshua Chanin, Megan Welsh
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      Police departments rely on administrative rules to set organizational priorities and establish systems of accountability. To that end, several departments require officers to submit data describing every traffic stop they conduct as a way of tracking officer activity and identifying any race-based disparities. This paper draws on an analysis of San Diego Police Department traffic stop records, as well as officer survey and interview data, to examine the validity of the traffic stop data gathered and the compliance-related motivations of officers. Findings indicate a 19 percent error rate in stop data submitted between 2014 and 2015, amidst evidence of substantial underreporting. Qualitative data suggest that officers see the policy as redundant and an infringement on more pressing aspects of their job. They doubt the ability of external stakeholders to interpret the data objectively and report a loss of morale, largely attributed to the perception that their actions are inaccurately racialized.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-06-26T05:47:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120933644
       
  • Veil of Darkness and Investigating Disproportionate Impact in Policing:
           When Researchers Disagree
    • Authors: Michele Stacey, Heidi S. Bonner
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      Disproportionate impact in policing has long been a concern for researchers and practitioners alike, with much of the focus on traffic stops. While there are many methods used to determine disproportionality in traffic stops, the veil of darkness (VOD) approach has increasingly become one of the most popular frameworks. Although there is consensus on certain aspects of the method, researchers utilizing VOD disagree on the appropriate sampling strategies. This research examines the original VOD method and three different sample restrictions proposed within the VOD literature to demonstrate the effect each has on the conclusions drawn. The results indicate that there is variation in the estimates of disproportionality depending on the sampling strategy used. As such, researchers using the VOD method must be cautious in their sampling decisions in mid-size jurisdictions due to the impact these such choices have on the conclusions drawn about disproportionate impact.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-06-24T04:13:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120932905
       
  • Attitudinal Changes Toward Body-Worn Cameras: Perceptions of Cameras,
           Organizational Justice, and Procedural Justice Among Volunteer and
           Mandated Officers
    • Authors: Jessica Huff, Charles M. Katz, Vincent J. Webb, E. C. Hedberg
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      Little is known about officer perceptions of body-worn cameras (BWCs), and whether perceptions change following implementation within their agencies. BWC deployment varies, with some agencies mandating officers to wear BWCs and others using volunteers. Researchers have yet to assess attitudinal differences between volunteers and mandated officers. This study addresses these gaps using data from an evaluation of BWCs in the Phoenix Police Department to examine officer perceptions of the utility of BWCs, perceptions of organizational justice, and support for using procedural justice. We use inverse propensity weighted difference-in-difference models to examine changes in officer perceptions over time between randomly selected officers who were mandated to wear a BWC, BWC volunteers, officers who resisted BWCs, and control officers. We identified limited significant differences in perceptions of BWCs over time, though effect sizes suggest that BWC volunteers and mandated officers were more subdued in their expectations about BWCs at the posttest.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-06-11T10:08:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120928306
       
  • Predicting Police Officer Seat Belt Use: Evidence-Based Solutions to
           Improve Officer Driving Safety
    • Authors: Scott Wolfe, Spencer G. Lawson, Jeff Rojek, Geoffrey Alpert
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      One of the hidden dangers of police work is self-imposed—the failure to wear seat belts. Unfortunately, little evidence exists concerning the factors that account for why officers do not wear their seat belts. This study used a sample of 450 police officers to develop and test a framework for understanding the predictors of seat belt use. We found several factors that were associated with the frequency of officer seat belt use: the perceived likelihood of supervisors enforcing seat belt and other driving policies, organizational justice, having a departmental colleague previously struck by a vehicle, law enforcement experience, risky driving attitudes, number of prior on-duty collisions, being a patrol officer versus supervisor, and perceived risk of being involved in a vehicle collision. We discuss the practical implications of these findings as they apply to efforts aimed at improving officer driving safety and subsequent reduction in related injuries and deaths.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-05-19T06:28:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120923159
       
  • A Sign of the Crimes: Examining Officers’ Identification of, and Arrest
           for, Stalking in Domestic Violence Complaints
    • Authors: Patrick Q. Brady, Bradford W. Reyns, Rebecca Dreke
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      Despite stalking as a risk factor for intimate partner homicide, few studies have explored officer decision making in domestic violence (DV) complaints that involve stalking. This study employs the focal concerns perspective to identify the legal and extra-legal factors associated with officers' identification of, and arrest for, stalking in DV complaints. Using a statewide sample of 230 DV complaints from Rhode Island, findings indicated that nearly one in four suspects were arrested for stalking in DV complaints (25.2%). Stalking acknowledgment was associated with the location of the offense, prior police involvement, and the total number of offenses committed. Officers were more likely to arrest suspects for stalking in DV complaints if the victim was willing to cooperate. Support for the focal concerns perspective varied according to the type of decision. Avenues for future research, as well as theoretical and practical implications, are discussed.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-05-13T01:58:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120923155
       
  • When Do Police Stressors Particularly Predict Organizational
           Commitment' The Moderating Role of Social Resources
    • Authors: Jaeyong Choi, Nathan E. Kruis, Ilhong Yun
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      This study uses data from 570 male police officers working in 16 substations in South Korea to examine the impact of job stressors (e.g., victimization, authoritative organizational culture, and perceptions of unfair work assignments) on organizational commitment. Furthermore, we examine the conditioning effect of social resources on organizational commitment. The results show that organizational characteristics (e.g., authoritative organizational culture, unfair work assignments, and conflict with coworkers) influence officers’ organizational commitment more so than victimization experiences. The results also show that social resources spill over into the workplace and condition the effects of organizational culture on predicting organizational commitment. Potential policy implications are discussed.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-05-13T01:58:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120923153
       
  • Ambush Killings of the Police, 1970–2018: A Longitudinal Examination of
           the “War on Cops” Debate
    • Authors: Michael D. White
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.
      Over the last few years, there has been a series of high-profile, premeditated ambush attacks on police, which has led some to conclude there is a “war on cops.” Unfortunately, prior research has not examined the prevalence of police ambushes over an extended period of time, and the most recent study only analyzed the phenomenon through 2013. Moreover, the “war on cops” thesis implies a very specific motivation for an ambush: hatred of police or desire to seek vengeance in response to police killings of citizens. Prior research has not sufficiently explored the motivations of ambush attacks, or whether recent trends in ambushes are linked to a “war on cops” motive. I investigate ambush killings of police from 1970 to 2018 using data from the Officer Down Memorial Page in an attempt to address these research gaps. I apply a temporal coding scheme of when the attack occurred to isolate killings of police that are consistent with the International Association of Chiefs of Police definition of an ambush. Results from linear regression show that the annual rates of ambush killings of police have declined by more than 90% since 1970. Although ambushes spiked in 2016 and 2018 to the highest rates in 20 years, interrupted time series analysis indicates no statistically significant increase post-2013. Spikes have also occurred in nonambush killings since 2014. Police leaders and researchers should monitor trends in ambush and nonambush killings of police, as the recent spikes may presage the emergence of a chronic problem.
      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T12:59:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120919441
       
  • Understanding Body-Worn Camera Diffusion in U.S. Policing
    • Authors: Justin Nix, Natalie Todak, Brandon Tregle
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-04-26T10:33:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120917937
       
  • Police Productivity and Performance Over the Career Course: A Latent Class
           Growth Analysis of the First 10 Years of Law Enforcement
    • Authors: Jillian S. Desmond, Bradford W. Reyns, James Frank, Charles F. Klahm IV, Billy Henson
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-04-13T07:09:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120907555
       
  • Exploring Gendered Environments in Policing: Workplace Incivilities and
           Fit Perceptions in Men and Women Officers
    • Authors: Rachael M. Rief, Samantha S. Clinkinbeard
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-04-13T02:36:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120917942
       
  • Influence of Gender on Perceptions of Barriers to a Police Patrol Career
    • Authors: Michael T. Rossler, Cara E. Rabe-Hemp, Meghan Peuterbaugh, Charles Scheer
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-03-05T04:31:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611120907870
       
  • Examining the Empirical Realities of Proactive Policing Through Systematic
           Observations and Computer-Aided Dispatch Data
    • Authors: Cynthia Lum, Christopher S. Koper, Xiaoyun Wu, William Johnson, Megan Stoltz
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-01-03T05:56:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119896081
       
  • Police Response to Active Shooter Events: How Officers See Their Role
    • Authors: Scott W. Phillips
      First page: 262
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2020-01-30T04:31:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119896654
       
  • Dispatch Priming and the Police Decision to Use Deadly Force
    • Authors: Paul L. Taylor
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2019-12-30T02:06:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119896653
       
  • Playing the Game: A Qualitative Exploration of the Female Experience in a
           Hypermasculine Policing Environment
    • Authors: Timothy C. Brown, Julie M. Baldwin, Rick Dierenfeldt, Steven McCain
      First page: 143
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2019-11-01T07:27:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119883423
       
  • A Theory-Driven Algorithm for Real-Time Crime Hot Spot Forecasting
    • Authors: YongJei Lee, SooHyun O, John E. Eck
      First page: 174
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2019-11-13T02:48:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119887809
       
  • Police Cadets’ Career Plans in China: Testing the Mediation and
           Moderation Effects of Job Satisfaction
    • Authors: Bitna Kim, Tao Xu
      First page: 202
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2019-11-19T04:33:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119887811
       
  • Law Enforcement Activities of Philadelphia’s Group Violence
           Intervention: An Examination of Arrest, Case Processing, and Probation
           Levers
    • Authors: Caterina G. Roman, Megan Forney, Jordan M. Hyatt, Hannah J. Klein, Nathan W. Link
      First page: 232
      Abstract: Police Quarterly, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Police Quarterly
      PubDate: 2019-12-23T04:29:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1098611119895069
       
 
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