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Journal Cover New Library World
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [582 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0307-4803
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.845]   [H-I: 11]
  • Embedded Librarianship in Branch Settings: Customizing Liaison Services
    • Authors: Susan L. Hall et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose The authors present analysis of the role of the branch librarian as a valuable paradigm for embedded librarianship. Branch librarians develop strong connections to specialized client groups and build programs and services in response to their unique environments. Design/methodology/approach A review of research in embedded librarianship was conducted with particular emphasis on branch librarians. This article provides critique of research on embedded librarianship from the perspectives of branch management and an overview of strategies typically employed. Findings In important ways, branch librarians present an ideal model for embedded librarianship. They work toward close communication with the faculty and students of their academic unit, and are on location, identifying the specific needs and customizing services for patron groups in their academic settings. Originality/value The authors are Coordinators of Branch Library Services at Mississippi State University for the College of Architecture, Art, and Design and the College of Veterinary Medicine. The authors’ experiences as branch managers and immersion within their academic units provide a unique and more comprehensive analysis of embedded librarianship, one that has been overlooked.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:12:09 GMT
       
  • Job prospects for Mzuzu University Library and Information Science
           graduates
    • Authors: Aubrey Harvey Chaputula et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose This paper reports on the findings of a study that was conducted to find out the employment prospects of Mzuzu University LIS graduates. Design/methodology/approach The study made use of a survey design, and it was mainly quantitative in nature. A census of all LIS graduates from 2006 to 2013 was taken. The study also purposely sampled some major employers of LIS graduates. Self completion questionnaires were administered to both study groups by the researcher personally, and also through emails. Data was collected between September and October 2013, and SPSS was used to analyse the data. Findings from the two questionnaires were discussed in relation to prevailing literature in the field. Findings The study established that there are few job opportunities for LIS graduates in the library sector. This came about because libraries have not taken deliberate steps to recruit LIS graduates whilst opportunities in the private sector were limited. Consequently, some LIS graduates were unemployed whilst the majority had taken up alternative jobs. Nevertheless, LIS graduates had the requisite skills and attributes required for the job. Absence of a career structure for LIS professionals in the public sector, failure to recognise role of librarians and LIS qualifications, and lack of training opportunities were some of the challenges which LIS graduates faced. Research limitations/implications The study covers all LIS graduates who graduated from Mzuzu University between 2006 and 2013. However, lack of updated contact information means that the researcher had challenges to reach out to most of the graduates save for those working in the major libraries. Furthermore, a good number of the graduates did not respond to the questionnaire sent, particularly those who graduated from the generic programme. This led to a lower than anticipated response rate. This implies that some of the study findings may have some bias towards the LIS graduates in the mature group. Practical implications The research findings have a big bearing on policy formulation and decision making in government, the public and private sector players, professional associations and LIS training institutions. Originality/value No formal studies have been done to determine the employment prospects for Mzuzu University LIS graduates ever since the diploma and degree programmes were launched. This research is, therefore, the first of its kind, and could help shape the future of the programmes in terms of curriculum content and methods of delivery. Recommendations made could also help the Malawi Library Association, the Mzuzu University’s Department of Library and Information Science, and relevant government ministries and departments to come up with appropriate interventions to the challenges being faced.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:12:08 GMT
       
  • The Familiarity and Use of Reference Management Software by LIS Faculties
           in Iran
    • Authors: Maryam Sarrafzadeh et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose The present paper investigates the familiarity and use of Reference Management Software (RMS) by Library and Information Science (LIS) faculties in Iran, and aims to identify the possible factors that lead to the application and choice of this software. Design/methodology/approach This is a descriptive survey. Data collected by a web-based questionnaire includes both open-ended and multiple-choice questions. The questionnaires were distributed among LIS discussion groups and were sent to the emails of LIS faculties. Findings Results reveal that over half of the respondents had a good familiarity with the various citation software packages and knew how to use them. 35 percent of respondents have learned how to use these packages through formal education. "Endnote" is the most popular software amongst respondents. Respondents confirm the need to offer some educational programs on how to use these software packages to bachelor students, and nominated the "Academic Writing" course as the proper place for teaching this topic. Originality/value If due attention is given to the importance of referencing in academic writing and to establishing criteria for the acceptance of papers for publication, teaching students how to carry out referencing and how to use RMS packages for this purpose will aid the promotion of scientific products. To determine whether LIS educators are able to teach the use of RMS packages, it is necessary to examine the extent to which they are familiar with these programs.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:12:03 GMT
       
  • A case for open, viable print accounting
    • Authors: Michael Kalochristianakis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose When the Academic Library of our institution turned to consider cost-effective solutions that would combine management and accounting for both printing and photocopying, it was realized that there are no open-source or enterprise platforms that can support such characteristics. Instead of relying on commercial solutions, the construction of a service was planned by means of integrating community-based projects and developing any missing components. This paper describes the design and business characteristics of the system pertaining to efficient and viable public services, the technical perspective and also usage results from the productive prototype. Design/methodology/approach The implementation of the system was based on the identification of appropriate open source modules and on the development of ones that do not exist but are necessary in order to realize business procedures for credit reception, control and billing. Thus, the system integrates software for the management of printers and print tasks, for accounting for printing tasks, for user catalogues, for authentication modules and for the control of low level I/O operations. The aforementioned systems were integrated along with the following new modules that were developed in order to create a complete service. Findings Our prototype has been operating at our University since May 2011.The system was installed in four sites in reading rooms of the Library. Three of them are located in different departments within the University campus while the fourth is located in the last reading room that has not yet moved within the campus. In two years, more than 28,000 pages were printing and charged. The steady rise in the number of served requests leads us to the conclusion that the system can cope with the heavy use of photocopying machines. Originality/value The prototype described in this paper is a complete, productive platform that is capable to accept money or credit over the counter or by using money receivers and provide billing and management for printing and photocopying. The system does not depend on any vendor technology, offers control, monitoring, receipts and reports and since it relies on open source can minimize the total costs of ownership. Scrutiny of the bibliography and market did not find any systems that could meet the aforementioned characteristics.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:12:03 GMT
       
  • Developing Effective Professional Development Programs: a Case Study
    • Authors: Shu Guo et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose Professional development programs are widely adopted in academic libraries to support the professional growth of library employees and improve the quality of library services. Developing, promoting, and administering professional development programs are main responsibilities of the professional development committee (PDC). This paper investigates the practices of a well-established PDC at an academic library to reveal 1) the development of effective professional development programs with various themes and the diversified delivering formats and 2) the assessment of library employees’ training needs and the effectiveness of professional development programs with Needs Assessment Surveys and Program Follow-up Employee Opinion Surveys. Design/methodology/approach The study is based upon the PDC’s recent practices since 2011. The Needs Assessment Surveys (in 2012 & 2013) are conducted electronically, so are the Opinion Surveys since 2013 which are formerly conducted in paper. Findings The well-planned professional development program themes with special designed delivery formats have demonstrated their effectiveness through high attendance of each professional development event. The positive results and high compliments from both Need Assessment Surveys and Opinion Surveys also endorse their values to employee’s professional growth. Originality/value This paper classifies various professional development program ideas into six program themes and three special delivery formats, and each is presented with intention, planning and organization. This paper also provides details of using different Need Assessment Surveys and Opinion Surveys for evaluation, which is also lacked in published literature.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:12:02 GMT
       
  • Publication productivity and scholarly impact of academic librarians in
           Tanzania: A scientometric analysis
    • Authors: Alfred Said Sife et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 11/12, September 2014. Purpose A scientometric study was conducted to analyze the research productivity and scholarly impact of academic librarians in Tanzania for a period of 30 years from 1984 to 2013. Design/methodology/approach Data were obtained using the Publish or Perish software which uses Google Scholar to retrieve scholars’ publications, citations and related metrics. For each librarian, the retrieved metrics were the number of papers, papers per author, citation counts, average citations per paper, average papers per author, average citations per year, average citations per author, and four indices namely the h-index, g-index, Hc-index, and the HI-norm. Findings The study findings indicate that a total of 434 publications were recorded for all librarians, giving an average of 14.5 publications per year. The year 2008 had the most (9.9%) publications followed by 2010 (7.8%), while the years 1985 and 1987 had the lowest (0.2%) number of publications. About 43% of the publications were single-authored and the degree of collaboration was 0.57. The top ten ranked librarians contributed more than half (53.2%) of all publications although they showed considerable variation among different metrics. Only three journal articles had 25 or more citations. Originality/value Previous studies on the topic are scarce and, therefore this paper provides useful recommendations to LIS schools, libraries and universities to improve research productivity of their academic librarians in Tanzania and other countries with similar setting.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:11:58 GMT
       
  • Understanding users: from man-made typologies to computer-generated
           clusters
    • Authors: Carl Gustav Johannsen et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose Segmentation of users can help libraries in the process of understanding user similarities and differences. Segmentation can also form the basis for selecting segments as target users and for developing tailored services for specific target segments. Several approaches and techniques have been tested in library contexts and the aim of this article is to identify the main approaches and discuss their perspectives, including their strengths and weaknesses in, especially, public library contexts. The purpose is also to present and discuss the results of a recent – 2014 - Danish library user segmentation project using computer-generated clusters. Compared to traditional marketing texts, this article also tries to identify users segments or images created by the library profession itself. Design/methodology/approach Basically, the article is built upon a literature review concerning different approaches to user segmentation in especially public library context from approx. 1980 till now (May 2014) Findings The article reveals that - at least - five different principal approaches to user segmentation have been applied by the library sector during the last 30-35 years. Characteristics, strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches are identified, discussed, and evaluated. Practical implications When making decisions on future library user surveys, it is certainly an advantage, concerning the ability to make qualified decision, to know what opportunities that are at hand for identifying important segments Originality/value Some of the approaches have been treated individually in the library literature; however, it is probably the first time that the professions own user images and metaphors are dealt with in a user segmentation context.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:13 GMT
       
  • A research and class model for future library instruction in higher
           education
    • Authors: Kirsten Kinsley et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose Describes a university library instruction and research model that represents a collaborative effort between faculty, libraries, and the campus reading writing center. It utilizes rigorous research methods in order to measure whether the classroom intervention impacts student perceptions and success outcomes. Design/methodology/approach Longitudinal, mixed-methods approach that attempts to measure the outcome of an experimental class that uses precision (exact) matching to control for extraneous variables that impact student success and a survey to measure student perceptions. Findings Librarians can benefit by collaborating with faculty to learn more rigorous research methods. Precision (exact) matching a control group with an experimental group is time intensive, but easily replicated. Preliminary results are very promising for both the precision matching and the survey data. It appears that students are able to learn critical thinking, research, and writing skills from the collaboration between discipline-specific faculty, librarians, and reading writing center tutors. Research limitations/implications Precision (exact) matching a control group with an experimental group is time intensive. Thus, the results need to be viewed cautiously due to the small sample size. Practical implications Combining efforts to conduct collaborative research and instruction between libraries and faculty can provide resources for applications of the model with other disciplines. Originality/value The library-intensive freshman writing seminar is a unique approach to student learning and an easy way for the library to be actively integrated in other disciplines. The precision matching technique is a methodologically rigorous research design that easy to replicate in other locations and with other disciplines.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:13 GMT
       
  • The digital librarian
    • Authors: Bruce Massis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose The purpose of this column is to emphasize the two basic skills necessary for today’s librarian to be successful in a library environment where technology and copyright is evolving and thus changing the manner by which a transition from print resources to digital can be successfully implemented. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings A combination of technology skills and an understanding of digital copyright issues are strengths that, for today’s librarians, are less unique and more typical components of a librarian’s skill set. Originality/value The value in addressing this issue is to highlight the background today’s librarian must bring to the profession in a highly digitized and more legally-determined library environment.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:12 GMT
       
  • Students opinion about the success of mobile technology in libraries: a
           case study of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
    • Authors: Amit Kumar et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose Present paper explores the students’ opinion of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, regarding the use and success of mobile technology in the library environment for providing better services by library and their expectations from the library through mobile technology. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted through a well-structured and precise questionnaire circulated personally among 200 students studying in Jawaharlal Nehru University for the academic session 2012-2013. Findings The study explores that majority of the students are in favor of using the mobile technology for better services by the libraries and it is expected by the students that services should be provided to them by libraries through mobile technology. Research limitations/implications The geographical area of study was confined to the students of the JNU, New Delhi only regarding their opinion on use of mobile technology by the library. Originality/value The paper highlights the students’ opinion of JNU regarding the use of mobile technology by the library for better services and further it also explores the expectations of students from the library through this technology.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:11 GMT
       
  • Theses and dissertations in institutional repositories: an Asian
           perspective
    • Authors: Aquil Ahmed et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose Institutional Repositories constitute an integral part of present day digital libraries allowing global access to scholarly publications and provides an opportunity for future research enhancement and long term preservation of information. Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) represent a growing segment of available content in institutional repositories where they contribute to the impact and ranking of their institutions. The present study traces the growth and development of online E-theses repositories in Asia within the broader framework of open access. Design/methodology/approach The present study tries to discover the composition of ETD repositories in Asia based on the 7 key parameters i.e. country, types, language, disciplines, software, content types and repository policies. In order to achieve the stated objectives, the ETD repositories developed by Asian countries were identified by selecting the database of OpenDOAR (Directory of Open Access Repositories) and the retrieved data were thoroughly analyzed for the necessary information. Findings Theses and dissertations are considered an important part of information resources in any institution. They are often the only source of research work. Unfortunately, access to these valuable unpublished resources is often restricted to parent institution only. The authors found that ETD repositories are addressing this problem by making institutional knowledge available online and thereby not only increasing its visibility and use but making them contribute to the impact and ranking of their institutions. Asian countries are beginning to embrace the idea of digitizing, archiving and making their theses and dissertations available online. The study found that more than half of all IRs listed in the directory of OpenDOAR contain ETDs. ETD system is growing fast in some Asian countries. However, the number of universities having E-theses repositories is meagre considering the large number of quality academic and research institutions across Asian countries. Practical implications The paper argues that ETD repositories not only benefit students and institutions by enhancing education, expanding research, but increasing a university’s visibility and use and thereby contributing to the impact and ranking of its parent institutions. Originality/value The study hopes to heighten awareness of research being conducted in Asia and its contribution to a global knowledge base. Some of the suggestions to improve the existing conditions and strengthen the growth rate of ETDs in Asia are also presented.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:11 GMT
       
  • What threatens public libraries': The viewpoints of library directors
           in Sweden
    • Authors: Katarina Michnik et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose This article aims to identify threats perceived by Swedish public library directors as the most prominent. Design/methodology/approach A web questionnaire was sent to public library directors in all of the Swedish municipalities. The data was analysed using qualitative content analysis. Findings The findings reveal that the main threat was considered to be the tension between the current activities of the public library and the expectations of the public, or of local decision makers. One reason for the lack of correspondence between activities and expectations is that public library managers regard the expectations on the public library as unrealistic. Another reason is that a lack of resources prevent public library staff from meeting many of these expectations. Public libraries are thus prevented by both ideological and practical barriers in fulfilling expectations. Originality/value A central issue in current public library research concerns how change in Western society affects public libraries. Many of these studies are either theoretical or based on interviews with politicians. Few researchers investigate how public library directors perceive the situation of public libraries today. Therefore, this article identifies perceptions made by public library directors.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:10 GMT
       
  • Organization of work in Estonian university libraries: a review and survey
    • Authors: Kate-Riin Kont et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 9/10, September 2014. Purpose The aim of the current article is to investigate satisfaction of the staff of Estonian university libraries with the organization of work by analyzing characteristics, aspects and dimensions of the work, such as self-realization and skills realization opportunities, task complexity, task interdependence, and fair division of tasks. Design/methodology/approach The data used in this paper is based on (1) a review of relevant literature to provide an overview of the concept of work organization, and (2) the results of the original online survey created by the paper’s authors, conducted among Estonian university libraries. The results are interpreted on the basis of direction in the literature, and the authors' opinions, based on our long-term working experience in Estonian academic libraries. Findings Although a number of Estonian university librarians were mostly satisfied with the division of labor within their departments, the respondents feel that duties in the library as a whole should be reorganized and workloads should be divided more equally. Almost half of the respondents have performed (in addition to their main job) duties that are not included in their job descriptions.. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no research has been previously carried out in the Estonian library context into work organization and coordination. Based on the current study it can be concluded that the biggest challenge for university libraries in Estonia is to fixate clearly job descriptions and work procedures, divide job duties fairly and guarantee balanced work load. Additional duties should be accompanied with additional remuneration.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:16:09 GMT
       
  • Editorial
    • Authors: David Michael Baker
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, July 2014.
      PubDate: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 07:55:36 GMT
       
  • Library marketing: moving between traditional and digital strategies
    • Authors: Bruce Massis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this column is to provide several discussion themes on which to muse regarding the strategy of library marketing in today’s technology-rich environment. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings Moving between the traditional model of library marketing to the cutting edge model is occurring through the numerous digital communication tools used every day. Not only must the library rely on these modes of marketing, but must also recognize that their patrons share that space with them and the many contacts each one of those patrons have as well, thus potentially expanding the library audience and therefore positively expanding its user base. Originality/value The value in addressing this issue is to examine approaches to marketing library services in an effort to present the reader with several discussion points on the topic.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 21:51:01 GMT
       
  • Keeping up with the law: investigating lawyers’ monitoring behaviour
    • Authors: Stephanie Ellis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose We wanted to provide an enriched understanding of how lawyers keep up-to-date with legal developments. Maintaining awareness of developments in an area (known as ‘monitoring’) is an important aspect of professional’s information work. This is particularly true for lawyers, who are expected to keep up-to-date with legal developments on an on-going basis. Design/methodology/approach We wanted to provide an enriched understanding of how lawyers keep up-to-date with legal developments. Maintaining awareness of developments in an area (known as ‘monitoring’) is an important aspect of professional’s information work. This is particularly true for lawyers, who are expected to keep up-to-date with legal developments on an on-going basis. Findings The lawyers mostly used electronic resources (particularly e-mail alerts and an electronic tool that alerted them to changes in website content), alongside interpersonal sources such as colleagues, customers and professional contacts. Printed media such as journals and newspapers were used more rarely and usually to complement electronic and person-based resources. A number of factors were found to influence choice. These included situational relevance, presentation, utility and trustworthiness, the speed of content acquisition, and interpretation facilitated by the resource. Originality/value Our findings enrich our understanding of lawyers’ monitoring behaviour, which has so far received little direct research attention. Our design suggestions have the potential to feed into the design of new and improvement of existing digital current awareness resources. Our findings have the potential to act as ‘success criteria’ by which these resources can be evaluated from a user-centred perspective.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 21:50:30 GMT
       
  • A study of print and computer based reading to measure and compare rates
           of comprehension and retention
    • Authors: Jackie Young et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose The study observed, measured and recorded comparative cognitive processes in print and online to explain the differences, if any, in the readers’ information gathering processes and their subsequent comprehension and retention of information. It also examined the strategies that readers adopt that differ from print when reading online. Standardized reading comprehension scores were also collected. The results indicated that the participants demonstrated functional equivalency in both media but they had a preference for print. The linear individualistic mentality learned through print gave the study group participants the skills to successfully navigate through the dense web of information that constitutes the Internet. Story presentation and hierarchy, key elements of the print design process are less evident or absent online. As a consequence, as previous research has demonstrated, online readers are more poorly informed than print readers – but not in this case. The research from this study demonstrates that when the authors of the print media are those who also control the integrity of online content, print and web readers are equally well informed. Design/methodology/approach Coded texts from The Guardian Newspaper, The Economist and The New Yorker were used in a media lab to measure the study group's ability to read and retrieve information from the publications' print and Web editions. They were scored on how well they retrieved the core information in the articles from both media. Focus group sessions probed for information about reading in print and online at the end of the reading sessions. This gave valuable insight into the coping strategies that the participants used when engaging with online texts. Their were two sessions each of 3 hours and the participants were university students. Findings The study results show that the group were functionally equivalent in both print and online reading. However they had a profound distrust for online content in general which they found to be inaccurate and unstable. Websites they conclude never achieve "fixity". When reading online the study group scrolls through the text to retrieve facts and then goes to a print source verify the accuracy of the content. They do not engage with the content online as they do with print. While acknowledging that the publications in the study were reputable and of a high quality the group still found scrolling through the websites tedious. The printed page was to the study group a cultural object. Research limitations/implications This was a small study with 11 participants in a controlled environment on two evenings each lasting 3 hours. While the readings were intense the researchers saw no evidence of fatigue. The group were very vocal during the focus group sessions and gave valuable insights into the reading process. The stories were exactly the same in both media, were well written and edited. Typographic cues that give the reader priorities when engaging with the texts were transfered from the print to the online editions. HTML texts to this group are an impediment to the reading process and the amount of texts require too much time to read. A larger study with a more diverse readership reading more general news is required to verify the findings. This is being planned. As one of the study group stated "I grew up with print but younger people do not have the benefits of print." Practical implications Typography provides a language with visual form and through that form conveys the meaning of a text. The print reader decodes what she reads on the printed page allowing her to quickly absorb and parse large amount of text, discarding redundant content. The question now becomes which print reading operations are being transferred to the process of to extract relevant facts. Five centuries of continuous improvement of print communications have yet to be successfully transferred to the Internet. The visual aspects of print, the colour advertisement, the photograph, elements that aided the print reader's navigation are an intrusion on the web. A new form of navigation one that is more elegant and intuitive than the present is required. Originality/value As a newspaper and magazine designer and teacher I have been increasingly concerned with the transfer of information from the printed page to the computer screen. Many studies have been conducted on aspects of reading and designing for online reading. They are very often inaccurate and as such inconclusive. Reading is complex and measuring it difficult. I conducted this study as both a designer and from an academic perspective. I hope that it encourages a robust debate.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:45 GMT
       
  • The roles of the school librarians as information literacy specialists: a
           comparative study between Hong Kong, Shanghai, South Korea, Taipei, and
           Japan
    • Authors: Patrick Lo et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose School librarians are not merely managers of the school libraries, nowadays they are also expected to serve as administrators, teaching consultants, information specialists, and information literacy teachers, etc. Unfortunately, in many countries, especially in Asia there has always been a lack of understanding on the parts of the classroom teachers and school administration about their role as information literacy (IL) specialists in the public school system. The study is designed to examine and compare the different roles and expectations of the school librarians as information literacy instructors between Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai, South Korea, and Taipei. Design/methodology/approach The school librarians in Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai, South Korea, and Taipei were invited to take part in a questionnaire survey. A total number of 466 self-completed questionnaires were collected from all 5 regions. Findings The results indicated that the school librarians in both Taipei and South Korea outperformed the other regions, in terms of the scope and extent of duties and responsibilities these school librarians undertook as information literacy skills instructors. The staffing and organizational structures amongst the school libraries in Taipei also tended to be far more affluent and ‘departmentalized’ in comparison to the other 4 regions. Results also indicated that the amount of IL instructions carried out by the school librarians were directly proportional to the frequencies of collaborations the school librarians carried out with other subject teachers, as well as the extent the librarians themselves could contribute to the curriculum, as both information consultants and curriculum facilitators. Finally, the amount and level of reference duties performed by these school librarians for supporting the teaching of other subject teachers was another factor contributing to the overall success of IL instructions programmes being carried out. Originality/value The complex interactions of global trend and local responses in education system cannot easily be understood without the use of comparative studies (Arnove and Torres, 1999). The value of comparative studies lies in its potentials in highlighting the strengths and deficiencies of the education systems being examined, and thereby identifying valuable features of both foreign and local systems, as well as exposing defects for necessary improvements. Nevertheless, there has been a lack of cross-regional comparative research on IL programmes carried out via school libraries in East Asia. This study aims to provide a cross-analysis of empirical data collected in 5 different regions in East Asia for examining the issues of the role of the school librarians as IL skills specialists, by looking at their relationships with other colleagues, as well as their role as curriculum facilitator within the school community as a whole.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:44 GMT
       
  • Identifying the prevailing images in library & information science
           profession: is the landscape changing'
    • Authors: Evgenia Vassilakaki et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose This paper aims to provide a systematic review on Library and Information Science profession’s image and stereotypes from 2000-2013. In particular, it aims to identify and analyze the prevailing images of librarians in various contexts and explore possible changes occurring over time. Design/methodology/approach The method of systematic review is adopted to identify the prevailing images in Library and Information Science profession. Specifically, sixty papers were selected and five main themes emerged such as “public’s perceptions”, “librarians’ perceptions”, “students’ perceptions”, “mass media” and “image as an issue” after a thorough analysis of papers’ aim. Findings It was found that librarians were negatively perceived by both the wider public and the students. In terms of mass media, the image of ‘the old maid’ was dominant whereas newspapers focused on the male librarian who was perceived as glamorous. Positive stereotypes were also found in children books. On the whole, librarian’s image and relevant stereotypes have not changed considerably over time. Research limitations/implications This literature review considered only papers published between 2000 and 2013 and only in English mainly due to language restrictions. Originality/value This review identifies, critically analyzes and discusses the literature on the prevailing images and stereotypes associated with Library and Information Science profession in the last thirteen years. In addition, it attempts to identify and discuss any changes that occurred in this time frame.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:11 GMT
       
  • Phenomenology and organizational communication
    • Authors: John M. Budd et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose Achieving effective communication in organizations like libraries and information agencies is a difficult challenge. The business literature offers some suggestions, but those fall short. Employment of phenomenological methods by managers can help meet the challenge and bring people together around the intended messages. This paper presents ways for managers to attain the phenomenological attitude. Design/methodology/approach Of utmost importance to effective communication is transcending what can be called the “natural attitude” in favor of the “phenomenological attitude.” This requires recognition by managers of the unique relationship of self and other, plus the realization that action is intentional (meaning that being conscious means being conscious of something). This paper presents ways for managers to attain the phenomenological attitude. Findings Phenomenological methods of communicating have the potential to engage and involve everyone in the organization by enabling all to comprehend fully the nature of what is communicated and what is to be accomplished. Originality/value Phenomenology is seldom applied to organizational communication; this paper demonstrates that it presented the wherewithal to help managers improve the effectiveness of libraries and information agencies.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:10 GMT
       
  • Academic librarians’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of
           adopting e-learning for continuing professional development in Lagos
           state, Nigeria
    • Authors: Stella Ngozi Anasi et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose This paper aims to examine and discuss academic librarians’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of adopting e-learning for continuing professional development. Design/methodology/approach In order to elicit the necessary information, this study adopted a descriptive survey design, using questionnaire as instrument for data collection. The study population consists of five tertiary institutions-two universities, two polytechnics and one college of education, selected as sample using purposive sampling technique. The study also conducted a literature review on studies done on benefits and challenges of e-learning for professional development. The literature review is built on resources from online and offline. Findings Academic librarians in Lagos State were unanimous in their perception of benefits and challenges of adoption of e-learning for continuing professional development. The major benefits of e-learning were that e-learning opens up new frontiers for professional learning, supports knowledge generation and management and gives librarians an opportunity to broaden their knowledge. However, the major challenges to adopting e-learning for continuing professional development were inadequate power supply, inadequate knowledge of how to operate e-learning tools and limited bandwidth. Practical implications This paper establishes that the role of academic librarians in the provision of information for learning and study in academic institutions places them in an advantageous position to engage in e-learning activities for professional development. It also extols the need for top library management to deploy all resources within their reach to develop technology-enhanced learning system. This should also be complemented with the development and implementation of e-learning curriculum in library schools in Nigeria in order to inculcate e-learning culture. Originality/value The paper contributes to empirical research on e-learning for continuing professional development among librarians in Nigeria. Librarians who are interested in professional development will find this article useful.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:09 GMT
       
 
 
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