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Journal Cover   New Library World
  [SJR: 0.746]   [H-I: 13]   [704 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0307-4803
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [310 journals]
  • Transforming library communication: from Gutenberg to Zuckerberg
    • Authors: Olga Einasto
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The library as an social institution should have a quite strong position in today’s information society, but new ways of information search have made it’s position unstable. Thus a library needs theoretical and cultural-political comprehension and reassessment. The aim of the article is to analyse institutional and functional development of a library with the help of communication theories. The paper tries to answer the questions how a library can satisfy the needs of modern society, and which strategy of library communication will be in demand tomorrow. Design/methodology/approach The theoretical background is represented by communication theories of Marshal McLuhan, Denis McQuail and Mihhail Lotman, and also Michel Foucault’ concepts of disciplinary power and governmentality. Findings The analysis revealed that library-user communication is based primarily on power relations, where “access” is the main keyword. The article brought out differences in library communicative processess in the „Gutenberg Galaxy“ and today’s global network society, „Zuckerberg Era“. The analysis showed that library-user relationship is shifting from disciplinary power and monologue to the governmentality and new communicative forms – dialogue and participation. Research limitations/implications The study demonstrates the possibility of implication of communication theories for library functional analysis. The new studies investigating which methods and forms of communication do libraries use today, how are the elements of power relations transforming would be very useful for the understanding of the topic. Practical implications The study proposes to libraries some ideas that may be useful for developing the library communication strategy. Originality/value This study, based on the communicative approach, corresponds well to library phenomenon and nature, and also allows for reflection on the role of libraries in the society of today and future.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:46 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2014-0055
  • Learning about Translators from Library Catalog Records: Implications for
           Readers' Advisory
    • Authors: Keren Dali, Lana Alsabbagh
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The purpose of this study is to make public librarians aware of the wealth of information about translators that is contained in bibliographic records of their own library catalogs so they could use this information for the benefit of Readers’ Advisory (RA) work involving translated titles. Design/methodology/approach The article uses the method of bibliographic data analysis based on 350 selected translated fiction titles (and 2100 corresponding catalog records) from six large Canadian public libraries. Findings As the results demonstrate, enhanced bibliographic catalog records deliver a wide spectrum of information about translators, which can be used by public libraries to provide more informed and insightful reading advice and to make more sensible purchasing decisions with regard to translated fiction. Practical implications The study shows how the most readily available tool – a library catalog with its enhanced bibliographic records – can be utilized by public librarians for improving RA practices. It focuses on the rarely discussed translated fiction; demonstrates a sample methodological approach; and makes suggestions for implementing this approach by busy public librarians in real-life situations. Originality/value No recent studies that have investigated enhanced catalog records have dealt with translated fiction. Moreover, while authors/writers are often in the focus of RA studies, translators are often left behind the scenes, despite their crucial role in bringing international fiction to English-speaking readers.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:42 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0091
  • Adult Education Concepts in Library Professional Development Activities
    • Authors: Ramirose Ilene Attebury
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The purpose of this review is to survey the literature addressing the professional development of academic librarians in the context of adult education principles. Design/methodology/approach Literature Review Findings The review reveals that among those activities incorporating concepts from the adult education field andragogy, transformational learning, communities of practice, and instructional design are most prevalent. Originality/value To date, no other literature review considers adult education concepts in professional development of academic librarians.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:39 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2014-0100
  • The Velocity of Verbiage: Speed as an Element in Serving Academic Library
    • Authors: Bruce Massis
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The purpose of this column is to comment on the enhanced expectation by academic library students who require increased speed of reference and research support where limited time and increasing distractions are a constant concern. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings The speed of access and delivery of information stand as dual support pillars in today’s academic on-ground and digitally-driven library setting. The librarian must surely be cognizant of many a customer’s expectation that “instant gratification takes too long.” Originality/value The value in addressing this issue is to suggest that, while there is an expectation that students will always receive a successful outcome in their reference or research interaction with an academic librarian, students must likewise recognize that quality must not be sacrificed in favor of the speed.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:37 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-10-2014-0128
  • Engaging international students in academic and information literacy
    • Authors: Alison Lahlafi, Diane Rushton
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose This paper discusses a collaborative initiative between a module leader, librarian and academic skills tutor to support information and academic literacy skills development of a group of international students from a partner college in Malaysia during their three month study visit to Sheffield Hallam University. Design/methodology/approach The paper explores the transferability of active learning and teaching techniques used with second year home students to a cohort of final year international students. It discusses the development, implementation and assessment of learning workshop activities and use of mobile phones in the classroom to enhance student engagement. Findings The embedded active learning and teaching techniques used with second year home students transferred well to the international student cohort. At the end of the module, international student feedback and reference list analysis suggests that the embedding of both information and academic literacy skills within modules does support student development of these skills. Mobile technology proved both enjoyable and engaging for the students. Originality/value The paper's findings are transferable to other international student cohorts in UK HE libraries and suggest ways of engaging students in information and academic skills workshops and supporting their skills development in order to achieve academic success.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:32 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0088
  • "Bringing the Library to You!" : The Halls of Residence Librarian Program
           at the University of the West Indies, Mona Library
    • Authors: Pauline Nicholas, Jerdaine Sterling, Rochelle Davis, Jessica C Lewis, Faith Mckoy-Johnson, Karlene Nelson, Yolanda Tugwell, Karen Tyrell
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose This paper seeks to assess the recent outreach service efforts of The University of the West Indies, UWI Main Library in the form of a Hall of Residence Librarian Programme. The aim of the Programme was to minimize library anxiety through partnership with the Office of Students Services. Design/methodology/approach The transition from the secondary to the tertiary level is not always the smoothest for some students. On islands of the English -speaking Caribbean, such as Jamaica it can be especially difficult as some matriculants have never used an automated library. These students often experience great difficulty in effectively using the library which may result in them shying away from doing so and thus negatively impact the quality of their work. The University of the West Indies, The UWI Main Library, Mona Campus Jamaica has sought to address this challenge through the development an outreach project to first year students entitled the Halls of Residence Librarian, HRL Programme. Findings This new form of library outreach on The UWI Mona campus has yielded the offering of Library services in new locations, strategic partnerships, increased interactions with first year students and a greater awareness of these students’ needs. Most importantly, it was very effective in reducing library anxiety among first year students. Research limitations/implications The “low” turnout to Research Rescue was largely attributed to the fact that this program was entirely optional for students and not affiliated with any compulsory course or class. There was also the issue of a lack of incentives to boost student attendance at these sessions. Originality/value This initiative is untested in the English speaking Caribbean. The article explores the outreach efforts of the Library at the Mona campus of The UWI and seeks to add to the limited body of literature on Academic Library Outreach in the Caribbean.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:26 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0080
  • Manuscript Libraries and Archival Description in the Caribbean
    • Authors: Lorraine M Nero
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 5/6, May 2015. Purpose The article examines the indexing method used by Caribbean libraries in to describe special collections and manuscripts. Design/methodology/approach Various types of finding aids spanning the 1960-2014 are used to show the pattern of descriptions adopted by the librarians. At the same time, the factors which have sustained the approach at National libraries and University libraries are highlighted. Findings The article concludes that while the indexing approach may be labour intensive, this practice is perceived as developing a national and regional documentary heritage. The materials used for this study are primarily accessible to the public inclusive of published guides and online databases. Originality/value The literature is replete with theories and cases from places such as the UK, US and Australia, this paper presents a perspective on the development of archival description in the Caribbean.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:45:25 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2014-0098
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Pauline Rafferty, Allen Foster
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 11:07:24 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0011
  • Immersive information behaviour: using the documents of the future
    • Authors: Lyn Robinson
      Pages: 112 - 121
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 112-121, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the case for studies of information behaviour in the use of immersive documents. Immersive documents, where unreality is perceived as reality, arise from a combination of rapidly developing technologies and applications: pervasive and networked information, multi-sensory interaction and the creation of participatory texts. Design/methodology/approach – A critical and selective analysis of relevant literature is presented. Findings – Immersive documents are likely to have a significant effect on library/information service provision, as it is to expected that novel information behaviours will emerge as these documents become widely used. Studies of immersive information behaviour and practices will be valuable in planning for how library/information services can best provide access to such documents, and may also guide the development of such documents. They may also contribute to the development of information behaviour research generally, and to better interaction between research and practice. Research limitations/implications – As such documents are not yet in wide use, the conclusions are necessarily speculative. Originality/value – This is the first paper to discuss information behaviour in respect of immersive documents.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:47 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0093
  • Synthesizing visual digital library research to formulate a user-centered
           evaluation framework
    • Authors: Dan Albertson
      Pages: 122 - 135
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 122-135, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this study is to synthesize prior user-centered research to develop and present a generalized framework for evaluating visual, i.e. both image and video digital libraries. The primary objectives include comprehensively examining the current state of visual digital library research to: develop a generalized framework applicable for designing user-centered evaluations of visual digital libraries; identify influential experimental factors warranting assessment evaluation as part of specific contexts; and provide examples of applied methods that have been used in research, demonstrating notable findings. Design/methodology/approach – The framework presented in the present study depicts a set of user-centered methodological considerations and examples, synthesized from a review of prior research that provides significant understanding of users and uses of visual information. Findings – Primary components for digital library evaluation, pertaining to user, interaction, system and domain and topic, and their implications for interactive research are presented. Methods, examples and discussion are presented for each primary evaluation component of the framework. Practical implications – Previously applied evaluations and their significance are described and presented as part of the developed framework, providing the importance of each component for practical application in future research and development of interactive visual digital libraries. Originality/value – Visual digital libraries warrant individual assessment, apart from other types of digital collections, as they offer users more ways to retrieve and interact with collection items. The present study complements prior digital library evaluation research by demonstrating the need for a separate framework due to variations influenced by visual information and reporting on evaluations from different perspectives.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:41 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0087
  • The influence of positive hypothesis testing on youths’ online
           health-related information seeking
    • Authors: Beth St. Jean, Mega Subramaniam, Natalie Greene Taylor, Rebecca Follman, Christie Kodama, Dana Casciotti
      Pages: 136 - 154
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 136-154, March 2015. Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate whether/how youths’ pre-existing beliefs regarding health-related topics influence their online searching behaviors, such as their selection of keywords and search results, their credibility assessments and the conclusions they draw and the uses they make (or do not make) of the information they find. More specifically, we sought to determine whether positive hypothesis testing occurs when youth search for health information online and to ascertain the potential impacts this phenomenon can have on their search behaviors, their ability to accurately answer health-related questions and their confidence in their answers. Design/methodology/approach – An exploratory field experiment was conducted with participants in an after-school program (“HackHealth”), which aims to improve the health literacy skills and health-related self-efficacy of middle-school students from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Findings – Evidence of positive hypothesis testing among the participants was found and important impacts on their search outcomes were observed. Practical implications – The paper was concluded with suggestions for improving digital literacy instruction for youth so as to counteract the potentially negative influences of positive hypothesis testing. Originality/value – This study extends existing research about positive hypothesis testing to investigate the existence and impact of this phenomenon within the context of tweens (ages 11-14) searching for health information online.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:13 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0084
  • Nurses’ and midwives’ information behaviour: a review of
           literature from 1998 to 2014
    • Authors: Catherine Ebenezer
      Pages: 155 - 172
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 155-172, March 2015. Purpose – This paper aims to provide an overview of recent literature on nurses’ and midwives’ information behaviour, with a particular focus on sources used and barriers encountered. Design/methodology/approach – Comprehensive searching was undertaken and an analysis of the appropriate literature carried out. Findings – Practitioners within the nursing profession have a marked preference for interactive and human sources of information. They habitually associate information seeking with professional development rather than with clinical practice. Lack of time is the most frequently reported problem; also, they frequently lack confidence in searching and appraising the professional literature and in applying research in practice. Cultural factors may inhibit information seeking in the workplace, and access to appropriate information technology may be limited. Practical implications – As a group, nurses and midwives present significant challenges to health library and information professionals seeking to design services to meet their needs. A perceived lack of access to information resources may be associated with pervasive information literacy skill deficits, with the inability to undertake critical appraisal of material that is retrieved, or with the lack of a workplace culture that is supportive of information seeking. To reach nurses and midwives, more than diligent marketing is required; library and information professionals need to work closely with the holders of nursing and midwifery research, practice development and educational roles within their institutions on “embedded”, specific information initiatives. Originality/value – An overview of recent work is presented on the information behaviour of nurses and midwives within developed economies, focusing particularly on the UK. It may be of interest and value to health librarians and to nursing and midwifery educators in facilitating evidence-based practice.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:15 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0085
  • Drug information seeking behaviours of health care professionals in Iran
    • Authors: Iman Tahamtan, Mina Tavassoli Farahi, Askar Safipour Afshar, Hamid R Baradaran
      Pages: 173 - 186
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 173-186, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to list the resources that Iranian health-care professionals used to access drug-related information, to know the features and types of drug information resources which were much more important for health-care professionals, the problems they encountered in seeking drug information and the way they organized and re-found the information that they had retrieved. Drug-related queries are one of the most common types of questions in medical settings. Design/methodology/approach – This was a descriptive-analytical study conducted in Iran during 2014. The data collection tool was a self-designed questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used to analyse the data and examine the research hypothesis. Findings – Participants used books, drug manuals, search engines and medical databases more frequently, and less than half of them consulted colleagues to acquire drug-related information for clinical, educational and research purposes. Handheld computers were used by most participants to access and store drug information. Lack of access to drug information and lack of enough time were the main obstacles in seeking drug information. A significant association (p value = 0.024) was detected between organizing and re-finding information for future uses. Originality/value – This study investigated drug information-seeking behaviours of health-care professionals and the way they managed this information in a developing country that lacks necessary information technology infrastructures. Training programmes are required to help health-care professionals to find and access reliable and up-to-date drug information resources and to more easily re-find the found drug information for future uses.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:53:06 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0070
  • The information practices of Business PhD students
    • Authors: Idunn Bøyum, Svanhild Aabø
      Pages: 187 - 200
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 187-200, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to investigate how PhD students discover, choose and use information and literature for their research. Design/methodology/approach – Eight PhD students at the Norwegian Business School (BI) were interviewed. The interviews were based on a phenomenological approach. Findings – The use of both library databases and Google Scholar is frequent and contextual. The informants ranked the library databases as more useful than Google Scholar. Methods for keeping up to date varied and were contextual. Although formal information seeking in library databases was seen as more academic than the tracking of references, this latter method was more widespread. Students felt they mastered the tools associated with formal information seeking, which constituted a continuous activity in their research practices. Wilson’s (1983) theory on cognitive authority may give a better understanding of the findings. Practical implications – Acquiring knowledge about the information practices of PhD students in a specific discipline will help libraries to improve their services and acquire relevant resources for their users. Originality/value – This paper examines PhD students’ ranking of information resources, identifies preferred methods for keeping up to date and reveals in which contexts the informants use either formal or social information-seeking practices.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:53:08 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0073
  • Wikipedia and undergraduate research trajectories
    • Authors: Lily Todorinova
      Pages: 201 - 212
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 201-212, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to analyze undergraduate students’ use of Wikipedia bibliographies. The study has implications for Wikipedia as a “discovery tool” of library collections, library instructional practices and understanding the complex ecology of students’ research processes. Design/methodology/approach – Thirty undergraduate students were recruited from introductory English writing classes. A controlled survey was conducted in Qualtrics®, including the following sections: pre and post test of students’ understanding of authority/quality of sources; tasks analyzing participants’ choices for further research after reading a Wikipedia article; and students’ determination of the authority/quality of sources in Wikipedia reference pages, using an adapted version of the Turnitin® Source Educational Evaluation Rubric. Findings – The investigator found that students were unlikely to follow references they found in bibliographies of Wikipedia pages, unless instructed to do so. This was expressed most clearly in their comments, which revealed that Wikipedia’s reference sections are found to be too overwhelming and numerous. These entries are depicted by order of appearance in the text and are not ranked, or presented in an order students considered useful. Participants were not likely to use Wikipedia as a discovery tool of library content because they perceived Wikipedia as being markedly different, even in opposition to, library resources. Students disclosed being warned by their faculty and instructors not to use the online encyclopedia at all in their research process. However, paradoxically, after reading a Wikipedia article, students were most likely to go to Google, or revisit Wikipedia, for more information, as opposed to using the library. Study participants reported that “ease of access” is the most important consideration when choosing sources to include in research papers, followed by the actual authority/quality of these sources. Students also greatly benefited from having a structured rubric available at the point of their research process when they are asked to determine the authority/quality of sources, and especially within Wikipedia bibliographies. Research limitations/implications – This is a small-scale study of students’ use of Wikipedia in one university campus, but its results can spark a discussion of the larger question of undergraduates’ research trajectories. The findings of the study suggest that these trajectories are extremely influenced by two conflicting issues: faculty influence and resource convenience. The researchers plan to extend the study to include faculty’s perceptions of the value of Wikipedia to undergraduate students’ research, including faculty’s own involvement as Wikipedia editors and contributors. Future research of undergraduate’s use of Wikipedia could benefit from a greater recruitment of participants across a diverse pool of academic institutions, as well as a mixed research method of observation, task analysis and interviews. Practical implications – The findings of the study offer suggestions for both the design aspect of Wikipedia and the instructional methods of academic librarians. This study also informs library practices and emerging collaborations with Wikipedia, specifically the “Wikipedian in Residence” program and the concept of using Wikipedia as one type of a discovery tool. Originality/value – There is a lack of empirical evidence showing how or if students use Wikipedia bibliographies to continue their research. The possibility of the online encyclopedia as a discovery tool for library collections is relatively unknown and unexplored. The topic of collaboration between Wikipedia and libraries is new and emerging in the field.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:45 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0086
  • Faculty perception of Wikipedia in the California State University System
    • Authors: Aline Soules
      Pages: 213 - 226
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 213-226, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore whether faculty perceptions of Wikipedia have changed over a five-year period. Design/methodology/approach – A survey was conducted of four universities in the California State University System – California State University, East Bay; Humboldt State University; Cal Poly San Luis Obispo; and California State University, Fresno. Following the survey, respondents who volunteered their contact information were interviewed about their perceptions and/or their assignments/projects involving Wikipedia. Findings – The study showed that, overall, faculty perceptions of Wikipedia have shifted in Wikipedia’s favor and that some faculty members create interesting and unique assignments that involve Wikipedia or Wikipedia-like work. Research limitations/implications – This study sampled 4 of 23 campuses in the California State University System. Practical implications – The growing acceptance of Wikipedia has implications for course work with students both in terms of assignments in the discipline and also for the need to ensure students understand how to evaluate sources. Social implications – The shift to Wikipedia is symptomatic of the larger shift to non-traditional research tools. Originality/value – The literature discussing faculty perceptions of Wikipedia has not discussed whether faculty perceptions are shifting.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:19 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2014-0096
  • Information behaviors in value adding of farmers’ production and
           marketing in Thailand
    • Authors: Unchasa Seenuankaew
      Pages: 227 - 242
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, Page 227-242, March 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper was to study the information behavior of farmers regarding value adding in production and marketing. This paper is a component of a larger and more comprehensive research study of farmers and their behavior regarding the acquisition and use of information. Design/methodology/approach – This research was qualitative and based on the Grounded Theory. In-depth interviews, observations and field survey recordings were conducted to collect data. Pan Tae Sub-district, Khuan Khanun District, Phatthalung Province, Thailand was selected as the research field site. The sample consisted of 14 key informants selected by the theoretical sampling technique. These informants were successful in value adding to their production and marketing process. Findings – Farmers require information because of problems associated with low product prices and being taken advantage of by middlemen. Farmers’ information-seeking behavior includes: transfer of information from governmental academic officers and community leaders, exchanges of information among community farmers and training/study trips. Farmers use information in brand building, product differentiation and development of product quality, all with the main objective of increasing income. Originality/value – Information behaviors of farmers were theoretically summarized from farmers’ development in their social and farming context. The new and expanded knowledge obtained from a Thai context will be useful for the science and profession of library and information science. This information will also improve methods of communicating valuable information to farmers, thereby improving productivity and quality of life.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:52:25 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0089
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