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Journal Cover   New Library World
  [SJR: 0.746]   [H-I: 13]   [606 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0307-4803
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [312 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: David Michael Baker
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, October 2015.

      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:02:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2015-0039
  • How we missed the boat: reading scholarship and the field of LIS
    • Authors: Keren Dali
      Pages: 477 - 502
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 477-502, October 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the reasons for the gradual extinction of reading scholarship in Library and Information Science (LIS) departments and to identify three problematic areas accounting for its dropping prestige: paradigmatic conflicts, the influence of the corporate university and low awareness of the potential of reading research. It also proposes possible solutions to each problem. Design/methodology/approach – Close reading and analysis of an extensive selection of sources with novel conceptualization and critical perspectives. Findings – The information science paradigm, which has dominated LIS, is not sufficient to accommodate reading research. The information science model has a detrimentally restrictive effect on reading scholarship. Library science, which should be considered an autonomous discipline rather than an appendix of information science, is more conducive to the study of reading. Non-specialization-based academic hiring to increase values-based diversity in LIS through a larger influx of reading scholars is advocated. Originality/value – Reading scholarship, unduly deemed “old-fashioned”, or euphemistically “traditional”, is one of the most potent areas of academic inquiry, to which LIS scholars are perfectly positioned to make a unique contribution. Reading research in LIS has great merit irrespective of its connection to information and technology; a set of evaluative questions to determine the quality of reading scholarship is introduced. Using a case study, the paper illustrates the potential of reading research for interdisciplinary connections, community partnerships and the enrichment of LIS education and professional practices. An honest look at one of the most exciting academic fields, regrettably neglected by LIS.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:50Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0007
  • Second national accessibility survey: librarians, patrons, and
    • Authors: Laurie J Bonnici, Stephanie L. Maatta, Jackie Brodsky, Jennifer Elaine Steele
      Pages: 503 - 516
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 503-516, October 2015.
      Purpose – This study aims to determine the state of library services to people with disabilities in the USA since the last study conducted in 2008. Social capital theory provides a lens to reconceptualize equal access in a global context, and to offer insights on the effects of new information technologies for re-envisioning universal access. Strategic alliances with education and human–computer interaction researchers are proposed. Design/methodology/approach – Librarians serving the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS/BPH) were surveyed. Questions addressed clientele, services, technologies, career opportunities, leadership, library and information science (LIS) education and librarian demographics. Findings – Human resources, leadership, outreach and out-of-the-box solutions applying mainstream technologies are identified as major challenges to the future of information access for disabled persons through the NLS/BPH system. Research limitations/implications – The survey was limited to librarians serving the NLS/BPH. A similar survey distributed in other nations could expand the possibilities of future research and collaboration. Practical implications – Information from this survey can aid information professionals planning delivery of information services to disabled patrons. Suggestions for shifting from special access to universal access philosophy ensure access for all. Results can also help LIS educators prepare graduates to serve an aging population that will challenge standard methods of information access and services. Originality/value – This study provides the current perspective of services to persons with disabilities compared to findings by the researchers in 2008. Since the first survey in 2008, the service has been updated through a national effort of digitization. This study is the first comparative study of the NLS.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-03-2015-0021
  • The correct language of cataloguing local publications in East Africa
    • Authors: Isaac M.N. Kigongo-Bukenya, Constant Okello-Obura, Eliz Nassali State
      Pages: 517 - 526
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 517-526, October 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the subject cataloguing of local publications and subject access to local publications. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative approach was used. Methods included interviews, document reviews and observations. Findings – Adherence to cataloguing standards takes precedence over subject access. Rarely is a user the focus of choice of the subject term in the process of cataloguing. The terms assigned to local publications are generally too broad and, at times, border on inappropriateness. The situation is exacerbated by a lack of documented cataloguing policies and a waning interest in cataloguing matters from the profession. Originality/value – This study is intended to benefit the librarians who provide subject representation to local publications by way of streamlining the process of subject cataloguing, hence, enhancing access to these uniquely held resources. The outcome of this study, hence, will provide insight in the process of cataloguing local publications. In addition, the findings of this study will benefit the teaching of subject cataloguing in library and information science programs. The findings from this study are expected to contribute to the body of library science by enabling a localized view to subject assignation. Ultimately, the significance of the study lies in its contribution to cataloguing education and research, especially with a perspective from Africa.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:55Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0004
  • The librarianship portfolio
    • Authors: Chloe Mills
      Pages: 527 - 539
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 527-539, October 2015.
      Purpose – This paper aims to describe the development of a Librarianship Portfolio for the purposes of permanent status evaluation and rank promotion at a small private university with a unionized faculty. Design/methodology/approach – The Librarianship Portfolio was conceived and based on teaching portfolios and evaluative documents at other colleges and universities and is also a direct result of collective bargaining negotiations. Findings – Interest in outcomes assessment and evaluation is increasing in the educational institutions where academic librarians work. One assessment strategy that has been developed for teaching faculty is the professional teaching portfolio. Librarians have not widely adopted this type of documentation for the purposes of tenure evaluation or work performance assessment. Practical implications – Portfolios such as this one can serve as a basis for collecting documentation and highlighting excellence in job performance at other academic libraries, whether or not librarians are faculty or belong to a union. Originality/value – The Librarianship Portfolio as described here is a unique creation in job performance evaluation.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:49Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-04-2015-0026
  • Theoretical framework for performance evaluation of university libraries
           in India
    • Authors: V K J Jeevan
      Pages: 540 - 563
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 540-563, October 2015.
      Purpose – This paper aims to suggest performance evaluation of university libraries in India using qualitative and quantitative parameters provided by librarians to be collected, analysed and disseminated by a national agency apart from LibQual user surveys. Design/methodology/approach – The status about the university libraries in India provided by the Association of Indian Universities publication Universities Handbook would help to assess the quantity and quality of collection and services offered by these libraries. The framework for performance evaluation of university libraries is presented in three heads: parameters, players and procedures. Parameters cover the various qualitative and quantitative data to be collected for the purpose of evaluation. Players include a vast network of institutions involved in this exercise. Among these, the first and foremost is the individual libraries. There should be a national agency to be identified for collecting, analysing and disseminating the consolidated evaluation reports on a national scale. There may also be international agencies or services involved to support and guide user survey such as LibQual. Procedures involve the processes, actions and activities undertaken by the various players to achieve the basic objective of performance evaluation of these university libraries. Findings – The performance framework suggested when implemented every year by university libraries present the qualitative and quantitative outcome of their functioning and reveal their worth in the university landscape. This may also aid in planned and organised development of university libraries in the country. The results provided by this exercise should influence judicious collection development decisions and pragmatic information service planning. Originality/value – India, perhaps, has the largest number of higher education institutions in the developing world. The national directory Universities Handbook only presents information about library of a university without any attempt to analyse the statistics collected to arrive at national trends or patterns. This may be the first attempt to provide a holistic picture to assess the performance of a varied spectrum of libraries as far as infrastructure, resources and services are concerned.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0009
  • Relationship amongst ResearchGate altmetric indicators and Scopus
           bibliometric indicators
    • Authors: RISHABH SHRIVASTAVA, Preeti Mahajan
      Pages: 564 - 577
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 564-577, October 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, the study aims to investigate the relationship between the altmetric indicators from ResearchGate (RG) and the bibliometric indicators from the Scopus database. Second, the study seeks to examine the relationship amongst the RG altmetric indicators themselves. RG is a rich source of altmetric indicators such as Citations, RGScore, Impact Points, Profile Views, Publication Views, etc. Design/methodology/approach – For establishing whether RG metrics showed the same results as the established sources of metrics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated between the metrics provided by RG and the metrics obtained from Scopus. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were also calculated for the metrics provided by RG. The data were collected by visiting the profile pages of all the members who had an account in RG under the Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). Findings – The study showed that most of the RG metrics showed strong positive correlation with the Scopus metrics, except for RGScore (RG) and Citations (Scopus), which showed moderate positive correlation. It was also found that the RG metrics showed moderate to strong positive correlation amongst each other. Research limitations/implications – The limitation of this study is that more and more scientists and researchers may join RG in the future, therefore the data may change. The study focuses on the members who had an account in RG under the Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh (India). Perhaps further studies can be conducted by increasing the sample size and by taking a different sample size having different characteristics. Originality/value – Being an emerging field, not much has been conducted in the area of altmetrics. Very few studies have been conducted on the reach of academic social networks like RG and their validity as sources of altmetric indicators like RGScore, Impact Points, etc. The findings offer insights to the question whether RG can be used as an alternative to traditional sources of bibliometric indicators, especially with reference to a rapidly developing country such as India.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-03-2015-0017
  • Exploration of information literacy skills status and impacts on the
           quality of life of artisans in Lagos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ngozi Blessing Ukachi
      Pages: 578 - 587
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 578-587, October 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of the study is to establish the information literacy skills status, medium for the acquisition of the skills and the impacts on the quality of life of artisans in Lagos, Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach – Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in selecting the sample. First, the purposive sampling technique was adopted in selecting five categories of artisans specialised in creative works such as: hat making, knitting of clothes, fashion designing/tailoring, hair dressing and shoe making. Second, the proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting five artisans, each representing a particular category from the 20 local government areas that make up Lagos State. Hence, the sample size is 100. The instruments for data collection were questionnaire and oral interview. The oral interview was meant to complement the questionnaire, as the researcher observed that some of the artisans communicate better in oral discussions than in written ones. The researcher personally administered the instruments. The oral interview was guided by the interview schedule constructed by the researcher based on the research questions. The questionnaire collection period lasted three weeks. Data collected were analysed using simple percentages and frequency count and presented in tables and figures. Findings – The outcome of the study revealed that the artisans’ level of information literacy skills increased following their exploration of technological gadgets such as android and smart-phones which the study had established to be the main means through which they acquire their information literacy skills. Other sources such as the library and training organised by the state government have not benefited them. The result established that the increase in their information literacy skills status has enhanced their quality of life. Practical implications – An improvement in the information literacy skills status of artisans could positively impact their quality of life. Originality/value – An exploration of the information literacy skills status, medium for the acquisition of the skills and the impacts on the quality of life of artisans in Lagos has not been carried out before now. This study revealed the status as well as the most accessible and appealing medium of information literacy skills acquisition by the artisans. This will help the government and public library management with the knowledge of the information literacy skills’ needs including, formats and media most suitable for this category of people.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:54Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0006
  • Electronic and paper based data collection methods in library and
           information science research
    • Authors: Adeyinka Tella
      Pages: 588 - 609
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 588-609, October 2015.
      Purpose – This study aims to examine a comparative analysis of electronic- and paper-based data collection methods. Design/methodology/approach – Survey research approach was adopted to conduct the study. A total of 500 library and information science (LIS) researcher/information professionals selected randomly from seven states in Nigeria represent the sample for the study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents. Six objectives were developed to guide the study. Findings – The findings reveal that there is preference for paper-based than the electronic-based data collection methods, and similarly, respondents indicated they cannot use any other data collection methods other than paper-based. Electronic data collection method is beneficial in terms of gathering a representative sample within a short period compared to the paper-based method. The researcher has control over access to the survey in the paper-based method compared to the electronic method, and there is opportunity to monitor the progress of the research and clarify ambiguity by the researcher. The electronic method is limited in terms of collecting data from only the respondents who are computer-literate with good Web skills, while the paper-based method is limited by higher attrition rate, money and time consumption. Research limitations/implications – The study did not consider the time needed to gather data with each method or the amount of time needed for data entry, cleaning and coding. It is possible that a time-motion study would reveal clear superiority of either one method or the other. The total sample of participants in the study is also limited, considering the total number of LIS researcher/information professionals in Nigeria. Practical implications – The study has underlined the value of electronic/Web-based collection as a cost- and time-saving instrument in modern LIS research. Regardless of method and trial, electronic data collection could fulfill in all examined parameters, its promises, realizing cost savings of up to a 50 per cent in comparison with the paper-based data collection method. Originality/value – The paper is solely the idea of the author.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-12-2014-0138
  • Practical aspects of implementation of institutional repositories in
           Africa with reference to the University of Nairobi
    • Authors: Elisha Ondieki Makori, Dorothy Njiraine, Peninah Talam
      Pages: 610 - 640
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 610-640, October 2015.
      Purpose – This paper aims to assess practical aspects of implementation of institutional repositories (IRs) in Africa with reference to the University of Nairobi and provide useful guidelines to the issues and lessons learned to the other practitioners. Design/methodology/approach – The study used cross-sectional descriptive survey design to gather and analyze data that was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. In addition, questionnaires, interview schedule and observation guide were utilized to collect data from the respondents. Findings – First, the study established that the IR has not been well integrated into mainstream information services of the library. Second, there is lack of awareness on the use of IR as an information resource on the part of students and staff. Third, there is need to integrate different forms of information into the IR including graphics, video and sound to carter for the whole population of users even those with disabilities. Finally, there is need for aggressive or serious rebranding, marketing and promotion of the IR. Research limitations/implications – IRs are vital sources of information that are increasingly being integrated and utilized in African higher education. Discussion of the University of Nairobi as a case study provides practical lessons, implications and home grown solutions for other institutions of higher learning in the African context. Practical implications – IR is not only contemporary or emerging source of knowledge, information and communication but also fundamental or basic in institutions of higher learning. Consequently, IR provides excellent opportunities for universities to expand knowledge beyond internal and external learning environments. Social implications – Being fundamental sources of knowledge, IRs provide and support teaching, learning, research activities, scholarly communications and community services in universities and the society at large. As information and communication hubs, IRs have reinvented the image and role of universities as sources of knowledge in the society. Originality/value – Universities need to embrace IRs as vital and valid sources of knowledge and learning. Developing IRs without aggressive rebranding, marketing and promotional strategies is not enough for universities, associated institutions plus the information staff, but with prove that the resources are being utilized to achieve organizational goals and objectives.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:28Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-10-2014-0125
  • A new golden age for libraries
    • Authors: Bruce Massis
      Pages: 641 - 644
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 9/10, Page 641-644, October 2015.
      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and provide several examples of evidence to support the estimation that libraries have entered a new “golden age”. Design/methodology/approach – Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings – Flexibility in the face of change has always been a hallmark of an exceptional service-minded organization and the library is no different. To maintain its reputation as a forward-looking service that appeals to an expansive and diverse audience, libraries must always be forward-thinking and forward-seeking in their ability to satisfy. Such a continual evolution can result in the conviction that the library is recognized as an institution whose golden age will not reside in the past, but fully in the present, and that its growth into the future remains persistent, evident and fully embraced by its customers and supporters. Originality/value – The value in addressing this issue is to demonstrate that there are ready examples of libraries leading the way in supporting the opinion that we are in a “golden age” for libraries.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-01T02:01:56Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-03-2015-0020
  • Information reliability for academic research: review and recommendations
    • Authors: Eliane Colepicolo
      First page: 646
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose The goal of this paper is to provide to scientific researchers and academic students some subsidies related to the information reliability that may be used during the information search and retrieval for academic research, based on the author’s experience as a university librarian and interdisciplinary researcher. Design/methodology/approach The paper is composed of a brief conceptualization of the term information reliability, followed by a practical guide containing three processes for obtaining reliable information: 1) knowledge of bibliometric indicators; 2) evaluation of sources of information; 3) analysis of the content of recovered publications. Findings Currently, there are few publications about the information reliability, targeting the practical and effective learning of academic researchers and students, based on the experience of librarians who work directly with bibliographic search and training based on scientific literature. Originality/value This article shares best practices for search and discovery of information reliability with base on the experience in ways that are not commonly addressed in the literature, presented processes covering the bibliometric indicators, information sources and publication contents.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2015-0040
  • New scientometric indicator for the qualitative evaluation of scientific
    • Authors: Nedra Ibrahim, Anja Habacha Chaibi, Mohamed Ben Ahmed
      First page: 661
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose This paper aims to propose a new qualitative indicator for the evaluation of the productions of researchers in any discipline. Design/methodology/approach Based on the study of existing quantitative indicators, our approach consists of the hybridization of two indicators. This hybridization is based on the Hi_index and Hc_index weighted by qualitative factors. The initial sources of our data are online bibliographic databases, such as Google Scholar and Publish or Perish. Findings Our new scientometric indicator was used to compare the scientific production quality of researchers and their classification (as part of a research community) as the classification of national and international research institutions. We have applied our new indicator to compare and classify the members of our laboratory RIADI according to their quality of scientific production. Practical implications Our indicator is an improvement of the H_index. It is a measure which can have an impact on society (influencing research attitudes, affecting quality of research). By this contribution, we measure more than one aspect by involving all of the external factors that can affect the quality of research. Originality/value This paper fulfils a gap in the literature concerning the absence of a qualitative indicator among the set of existing quantitative measures. Additionally, this paper addresses the limitations of the existing qualitative practices, such as peer review and citation analysis. In our new qualitative indicator, we involve all of these qualitative aspects: the influence of the age of the paper, the number of co-authors, the order of the co-authors, the impact factor of journals and the conference rankings.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0002
  • Art Outreach toward STEAM and academic libraries
    • Authors: Diane Arrieta, Jacqueline Kern
      First page: 677
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose Purpose: Recently there has been an emphasis on and push for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education at colleges and universities across the United States as a means for training future work forces and remaining competitive in global job markets (Land, 2013). Florida Atlantic University (FAU) in South Florida is a big proponent of STEM and STEAM education (Florida Atlantic University, 2012; Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters, 2013). Design/methodology/approach Design/Methodology: As many Librarians and outreach staff strive to remain relevant to their faculty and students with changing technologies (Drewes & Hoffman, 2010); the FAU John D. MacArthur Campus Library (JDM) outreach staff have developed several novel programs that are geared toward the STEAM initiative Findings Findings: The Library Outreach Committee at FAU was committed to investigating how they could advance student success through visual arts programming. How can the library help contribute to STEAM education for the students and learning community as a whole? How can the library engage art students? Can the library promote dialogue in the arts to the faculty and staff, regardless of their disciplines? This article will describe and discuss the various art outreach programs the JDM library has tested and their outcomes addressing goals toward STEAM education and academic libraries. Originality/value Originality: The objective in sharing the experiences at the JDM library is to spark new and successful program ideas at other academic libraries across the country and abroad and create knowledge in this relatively new area.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:31Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2015-0041
  • Enhanced and Changing Roles of School Librarians under the Digital Age
    • Authors: Patrick Lo, Dickson Chiu
      First page: 696
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose The current trend of fast-evolving information and communication technologies (ICT) and the emphasis on enquiry-based learning has increasing impacts on school curriculum and the required library support. We explore the recent viewpoint of classroom teachers and school administration about the role of the school librarians, which is lacking adequate studies. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on a qualitative analysis of interviews on three practicing secondary school librarians in Hong Kong on three separate occasions to explore a different, richer type of data, in particular new requirements and issues from which a questionnaire survey could provide. Findings The new roles of the school librarians improving teaching and learning effectiveness under this environment include: being information literacy specialists, leading library improvement projects, and providing classroom teaching collaboration and support. Originality/value This is one of very few qualitative studies reporting the professional practices and changing roles amongst school librarians in Hong Kong. Results of this study are of practical interest to education policymakers, school administrators, practicing school librarians and educators with a vested interest capitalizing on the school library’s potentials to positively affect students’ achievements.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2015-0037
  • Exploring the need of Knowledge Management Education within Library &
           Information Science educational courses: an Indian Perspective
    • Authors: Shabahat Husain, Mohammad Nazim
      First page: 711
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose The study aims to explore the relevance of Knowledge Management (KM) education within Library and Information Science (LIS) educational courses in India. Design/methodology/approach The study employed a quantitative research approach. A Web-based questionnaire survey was designed and distributed through for the collection of data. A link for attending the survey was sent via electronic mail to the teachers (95 in numbers) of 65 LIS schools. A total of 43 or approximately 45 per cent responses were received. Findings The findings show that there is a strong interest among LIS community towards the inclusion of KM education within LIS educational courses in order to impart the knowledge and skills related to KM among LIS students and to facilitate their entry into the KM job market. Most of the respondents believe that a curriculum which embodies core elements of LIS, management, and information systems and technology would best meet the needs of LIS students for their involvement in KM activities. Practical implications Findings of present study may be used as the groundwork for the revision of current LIS educational courses as well as the revision of LIS curricula to impart the knowledge and skills related KM among LIS students for working in KM environment. Originality/value Since no empirical study on the relevance of KM education to LIS professionals in India has been carried out before, this study closes this gap and provides a framework to modify existing LIS courses or curricula to fulfil the requirement of KM competencies of LIS students.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2015-0051
  • Adoption of Near Field Communication in S-LIBRARY Application for
           Information Science
    • Authors: MOHD KAMIR YUSOF, Andrew Abel, Md Yazid Saman, Mohd Nordin Abdul Rahman
      First page: 728
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose The aim of this article is to firstly review the implementation of Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) technologies in library/information science, focusing on barcode technology, RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) and NFC (Near Field Communication). We then present S-Library, a new android based application to enable users to perform a wide range of information science related transactions, such as borrowing, searching, returning and viewing transaction records. Design/methodology/approach We present the design process and the database and software components. For analysis, we used application testing, and also usability testing, with a questionnaire distributed to 343 users. Findings The implementation of NFC technology means that S-Library has a number of technical advantages over other approaches. It was also shown with user acceptance testing that there was a high degree of user satisfaction with S-Library. Research limitations/implications Although the findings combine technical assessment and usability testing and are extremely positive, further user evaluation could be performed. In addition, S-Library does not currently read existing RFID tags, which would improve the application further. Practical implications The system proposed here shows that S-Library is a feasible approach to take to improve the library transaction experience, and that it can replace and improve upon older technologies. Originality/value This paper provides a first successful demonstration of a functioning and tested android and NFC based library transaction system, and shows that this approach generates a high degree of user reliability.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:32Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-02-2015-0014
  • Can We Talk? Perceptions of Diversity Issues by Students with Diverse
           Backgrounds, and a Rumination on Personal Roads to Systemic Change
    • Authors: Nadia Caidi, Keren Dali
      First page: 748
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose This article examines the attractiveness of Library and Information Science (LIS) professions and programs to culturally and linguistically diverse individuals. Design/methodology/approach Between September and December 2014, we surveyed current students and alumni from 57 North American LIS programs about their learning experiences, and perceptions of the state of diversity in LIS. Findings Our findings point to deep, emotive reflections on diversity in LIS. Noting the general societal turn toward values-based, integral diversity, we propose looking beyond the quantitative measures and paying attention to the volume of negative emotion surrounding the diversity debate in our field. Making both philosophical and practical arguments, we advocate a three-tiered approach, which can contribute to nurturing the climate of diversity: (1) outreach and promotion; (2) recruitment and retention; and (3) interpersonal and intercultural dialog that will not only sustain diversity but also transform diverse environments into healthy and vibrant places with transparent communication channels. Originality/value We depart from the focus on increasing diversity and emphasize sustaining diversity in both academia and workplaces. We see the improvement of interpersonal relationships, human understanding, and interpersonal communication as a way to systemic change.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2015-0056
  • Use of social media by academic librarians in Iraq
    • Authors: Maysoon Fouad Saleem Saleem, Anne Aly, Paul Genoni
      First page: 781
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose Purpose: The study seeks to identify the nature and extent of the ‘information gap’ in Iraq, and explore perspectives on international academic library collaboration using social media may assist in reducing this gap. The research investigates the information gap in Iraq in the context of the country’s recent history of political and social upheaval. Design/methodology/approach Design/methodology/approach: The study uses qualitative data collected through interviews with academic library managers, librarians and researchers in both Australia and Iraq. Findings Findings: The findings demonstrate that currently academic librarians in Iraq and Australia use social media differently. The degradation of critical research infrastructure and reliable communication means that Iraqi librarians rely heavily on informal communication channels. The paper finds that use of social media offers will enhance collaboration by Iraqi academic librarians and reduce the information gap. Research limitations/implications Research implications: Some limitations occurred in selection sampling, in approaching Iraqi participants, and average of quality of connections. Suggestions are employing snowballing and chain sampling. Practical implications Research implications: Some limitations occurred in selection sampling, in approaching Iraqi participants, and average of quality of connections. Suggestions are employing snowballing and chain sampling. Originality/value Originality/value: This paper represents the first attempt to assess the information gap that exists in the wake of recent political and social upheaval, and to explore ways in which Iraqi librarians use social media in order to redress this gap.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:33Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-03-2015-0018
  • Using Virtual & Augmented Reality in the library
    • Authors: Bruce Massis
      First page: 796
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 11/12, November 2015.
      Purpose The purpose of this column is to describe background for libraries to consider the benefit of implementing virtual or augmented reality usage. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings Virtual or Augmented Reality (VR or AR) are not gimmicks, and must be seen as valid additions to the toolkit that may be used by libraries to engage its audience, not only with the latest technology, but with the goal in mind of ensuring a proper approach to teaching information literacy. Originality/value The value in addressing this topic is to examine the notion of virtual or augmented reality and its suggested uses in libraries to support the teaching of information literacy.
      Citation: New Library World
      PubDate: 2015-09-30T08:51:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2015-0054
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