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Journal Cover   New Library World
  [SJR: 0.746]   [H-I: 13]   [684 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0307-4803
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [309 journals]
  • SI Editorial
    • Authors: Pauline Rafferty et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:21 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-01-2015-0011
  • Editorial
    • Authors: David Michael Baker
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, January 2015.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:24 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-09-2014-0105
  • Documentality and legitimacy in future libraries – an analytical
           framework for initiated speculation
    • Authors: Joacim Hansson
      First page: 4
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 4-14, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this article is to contribute to a discussion about the future of librarianship. Design/methodology/approach – An analytical framework is used to discuss the future of libraries. The framework is based on current trends in contemporary librarianship and is used as a way of structuring predictions about the future of librarianship. Special attention is given to public libraries and academic libraries. Findings – Libraries are seen moving from a traditional situation with a high degree of constitutive documentality and internal legitimacy with collections in focus to one with a high degree of performative documentality and external legitimacy, with adjustment to user needs as the prime goal. This development is related to the emergence of New Public Management and can be seen both in public and academic libraries. It is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. Originality/value – The analytical framework and concepts used are originally developed for this text and prove to be valuable tools in fulfilling the purpose of the article. It represents a new and original way of discussing the future of libraries.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:31 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2014-0046
  • A strategic diversity manifesto for public libraries in the 21st century
    • Authors: Bharat Mehra et al
      First page: 15
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 15-36, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this research-based philosophical piece is to present a progressive manifesto for public libraries in the 21st century to address gaps in embracing diversity in its holistic dimensions and representing such information in their strategic planning and web documentations. Design/methodology/approach – Content analysis of public library websites in the USA informed the development of a Strategic Diversity Manifesto that includes the “who”, the “what” and the “how” components to describe and discuss diversity-related matters in their strategic planning and web representations. Findings – The Strategic Diversity Manifesto provides a mechanism for individual public library agencies, in their localized context and environment, to strategically inquire, describe, discuss, reflect, analyze and translate into concretized actions their picture of diversity as grounded in the reality of their representative communities. Originality/value – The Strategic Diversity Manifesto presents a more a comprehensive and consolidated picture of diversity beyond isolated strategies seen in past efforts. It is a broader level of analysis and “picture painting” of the agency’s context, which may not be as detailed as compared to other modes of description, though as a result, it is more holistic instead of fragmentary. The aim is first and foremost to provide a basis for reflective thought and discussion.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:50 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-04-2014-0043
  • A systematic literature review informing library and information
           professionals’ emerging roles
    • Authors: Evgenia Vassilakaki et al
      First page: 37
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 37-66, January 2015. Purpose – This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the specific roles information professionals have adopted in the past 14 years. It aims to identify the roles reported in the literature concerning developments in the Library and Information Science (LIS) profession. Design/methodology/approach – This study adopted the method of systematic review. Searches were conducted in February and March 2014 on different LIS databases. From a total of 600 papers, 114 were selected, based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. A thorough full-text analysis of the papers revealed six roles that librarians have adopted: teachers, technology specialists, embedded librarians, information consultants, knowledge managers and subject librarians. Findings – New and evolving roles were identified, mainly in the context of academic libraries. Librarians’ educational responsibilities and their active involvement in the learning and research process were highlighted in all role categories identified. Collaboration among faculty and librarians was reported as a way of ensuring successful instruction. Librarians’ personal views of their new and emerging roles were more frequently reported; further research is needed to shed light on academics, students and other users’ perceptions of librarians’ engagement in the learning process. Research limitations – The study considered only peer-reviewed papers published between 2000 and 2014 in English. It focused on information professionals’ roles and not on librarians’ skills and their changing professional responsibilities. Originality/value – This review paper considers the development of the LIS profession in a changing environment and offers an understanding of the future direction of the LIS profession.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:03:54 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2014-0060
  • Co-working and innovation: new concepts for academic libraries and
           learning centres
    • Authors: Joachim Schopfel et al
      First page: 67
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 67-78, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the debate on the development of academic libraries, by the introduction of the concepts of co-working and innovation to the learning centres. Design/methodology/approach – The paper builds on published case studies and French initiatives. Findings – The proposal of this paper is that the academic library can meet its social responsibility on the campus and in society by drawing on the model of the co-working spaces and communities, by the support of innovation and the transfer of knowledge to the world of work. Moreover, the proposal is to include these new functions into the concept of learning centre, i.e. to develop the work-related aspects of the learning centre. Research limitations/implications – Future research on academic libraries should focus on social responsibility and their contribution not only to students’ academic success but also to students’ employability and to the transfer of technology. Practical implications – The paper contributes to the development and marketing of new academic library services and to its strategic positioning on the campus. Originality/value – Co-working and innovation are relatively new but promising concepts for academic libraries. Except for some recent case studies, conceptual papers are still missing that combine empirical experience with a theoretical approach.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:56 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0072
  • New perspectives on community library development in Africa
    • Authors: Espen Stranger-Johannessen et al
      First page: 79
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 79-93, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the constraints of and opportunities for the role of African community libraries in development, using an ecological framework for library development. Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on a review of the literature and the three authors’ own experiences, the paper critically examines community libraries, mainly from Uganda and Ethiopia, and frames the analysis within an ecological framework of library development. Findings – There are many examples of community libraries that realize various elements of the ecological framework (context/environment, equity/social justice, partnerships/interactions, and action/research). Practical implications – The ecological framework further developed in this paper helps community library leaders to critically examine their programmes and services and develop strategies for further growth, and suggests closer collaboration between community librarians, local communities, and researchers. Originality/value – This paper addresses the need to move beyond community library research on the predominant outputs (library statistics) and outcomes (societal value/impact) models, adding a critical perspective of the larger social and political structures that limit and shape the development of community libraries.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:03:46 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2014-0063
  • Open access awareness, use, and perception: a case study of AAU faculty
    • Authors: Abdoulaye Kaba et al
      First page: 94
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 94-103, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report the findings of a survey undertaken at Al Ain University of Science and Technology (AAU) to investigate and understand faculty awareness, use and perception of Open Access (OA) resources. Design/methodology/approach – Using a Web-based survey questionnaire, data were collected from full-time faculty members teaching at AAU, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Findings – The study found that faculty members possess a good knowledge and a positive perception of OA resources. They frequently use OA resources for teaching, learning and research activities. However, the findings indicate that female faculty members are more likely to use OA resources than male faculty members. Faculty members with a high level of awareness or use are found to have a highly positive perception of OA resources. Presenting research reports at conferences and seminars or publishing research papers is weakly associated with the level of awareness and use of OA resources. The study revealed no association between the faculty member and their use of OA resources. Research limitations/implications – It is essential for scientific communities to understand the importance of OA resources and how to use them effectively in teaching, learning and research activities. Originality/value – This kind of research is new to the Gulf Cooperation Council countries in general and the UAE in particular. The findings of the study may help to improve the awareness and the use of OA resources among scientific communities not only in the Arab countries but also around the world.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:40 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-05-2014-0053
  • Secondary school students in college – the library’s role
    • Authors: Bruce Massis
      First page: 104
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 1/2, Page 104-107, January 2015. Purpose – The purpose of this column is to examine the environment by which secondary students can avail themselves of college library resources when they are enrolled in a dual enrollment program. Design/methodology/approach – This column presents the literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings – Colleges present the dual enrollment opportunity to secondary school students as an educational “entitlement”. An additional benefit is providing access to supplementary instruction and research materials through college library services, thus highlighting the college’s library resources as critical to the teaching and learning process. Originality/value – The value in addressing this issue is to acquaint the reader with several examples of the manner by which the college library can benefit secondary school students enrolled in college courses.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:04:28 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2014-0104
  • Immersive information behaviour; using the documents of the future
    • Authors: Lyn Robinson et al
      First page: 112
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose Immersive documents, where unreality is perceived as reality, arise from a combination of rapidly developing technologies and applications: pervasive, networked information; multi-sensory interaction; and the creation of participatory texts. This paper presents the case for studies of information behaviour in the use of such documents. Design/methodology/approach A critical and selective analysis of relevant literature is presented. Findings Immersive documents are likely to have a significant effect on library/information service provision, as it is to expected that novel information behaviours will emerge as these documents become widely used. Studies of immersive information behaviour and practices will be valuable in planning for how library/information services can best provide access to such documents, and may also guide the development of such documents. They may also contribute to the development of information behaviour research generally, and to better interaction between research and practice. Research limitations/implications Since such documents are not yet in wide use, the conclusions are necessarily speculative. Originality/value This is the first paper to discuss information behaviour in respect of immersive documents.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:25 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0093
  • Synthesizing Visual Digital Library Research to Formulate a User-Centered
           Evaluation Framework
    • Authors: Dan Albertson et al
      First page: 122
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose This study synthesizes prior user-centered research to develop and present a generalized framework for evaluating visual, i.e. both image and video, digital libraries. The primary objectives include comprehensively examining the current state of visual digital library research to: 1) develop a generalized framework applicable for designing user-centered evaluations of visual digital libraries, 2) identify influential experimental factors warranting assessment evaluation as part of specific contexts, and 3) provide examples of applied methods that have been employed in research demonstrating notable findings. Design/methodology/approach The framework presented in the present study depicts a set of user-centered methodological considerations and examples, synthesized from a review of prior research that provides significant understanding of users and uses of visual information. Findings Primary components for digital library evaluation, pertaining to user, interaction, system, and domain and topic, and their implications for interactive research are presented. Methods, examples, and discussion are presented for each primary evaluation component of the framework. Practical implications Previously applied evaluations and their significance are described and presented as part of the developed framework, providing the importance of each component for practical application in future research and development of interactive visual digital libraries. Originality/value Visual digital libraries warrant individual assessment, apart from other types of digital collections, as they offer users more ways to retrieve and interact with collection items. The present study complements prior digital library evaluation research by demonstrating the need for a separate framework due to variations influenced by visual information and reporting on evaluations from different perspectives.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:23 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0087
  • The Influence of Positive Hypothesis Testing on Youths' Online
           Health-Related Information Seeking
    • Authors: Beth St. Jean et al
      First page: 136
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose The goal of this study was to investigate whether/how youths’ pre-existing beliefs regarding health-related topics influence their online searching behaviors, such as their selection of keywords and search results, their credibility assessments, and the conclusions they draw and the uses they make (or do not make) of the information they find. More specifically, we sought to determine whether positive hypothesis testing occurs when youth search for health information online and to ascertain the potential impacts this phenomenon can have on their search behaviors, their ability to accurately answer health-related questions, and their confidence in their answers. Design/methodology/approach We conducted an exploratory field experiment with participants in our after-school program (“HackHealth”), which aims to improve the health literacy skills and health-related self-efficacy of middle school students from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. Findings We found evidence of positive hypothesis testing among our participants and observed important impacts on their search outcomes. Practical implications We conclude the paper with suggestions for improving digital literacy instruction for youth so as to counteract the potentially negative influences of positive hypothesis testing. Originality/value This study extends existing research about positive hypothesis testing to investigate the existence and impact of this phenomenon within the context of tweens (ages 11 to 14) searching for health information online.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:19 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0084
  • Nurses’ and midwives’ information behaviour: a review of
           literature from 1998 to 2014
    • Authors: Catherine Ebenezer et al
      First page: 155
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose This article aims to provide an overview of recent literature on nurses’ and midwives’ information behaviour, with a particular focus on sources used and barriers encountered. Design/methodology/approach Comprehensive searching was undertaken and an analysis of the appropriate literature carried out. Findings Practitioners within nursing professions have a marked preference for interactive and human sources of information. They habitually associate information seeking with professional development rather than with clinical practice. Lack of time is the most frequently reported problem; also, they frequently lack confidence in searching and appraising the professional literature and in applying research in practice. Cultural factors may inhibit information seeking in the workplace, and access to appropriate information technology may be limited. Practical implications As a group, nurses and midwives present significant challenges to health library and information professionals seeking to design services to meet their needs. A perceived lack of access to information resources may be associated with pervasive information literacy skill deficits, with the inability to undertake critical appraisal of material that is retrieved, or with the lack of a workplace culture that is supportive of information-seeking. To reach nurses and midwives, more than diligent marketing is required; library and information professionals need to work closely with the holders of nursing and midwifery research, practice development and educational roles within their institutions on “embedded”, specific information initiatives. Originality/value An overview of recent work is presented on the information behaviour of nurses and midwives within developed economies, focusing particularly on the United Kingdom. It may be of interest and value to health librarians and to nursing and midwifery educators in facilitating evidence-based practice.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:19 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0085
  • Drug information seeking behaviours of health care professionals in Iran
    • Authors: Iman Tahamtan et al
      First page: 173
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose Drug-related queries are one of the most common types of questions in medical settings. The aim of this study was to list the resources that Iranian health care professionals used to access drug-related information, to know the features and types of drug information resources which were much more important for health care professionals, the problems they encountered in seeking drug information and the way they organized and re-found the information that they had retrieved. Design/methodology/approach This was a descriptive-analytical study conducted in Iran during 2014. The data collection tool was a self-designed questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were employed to analyse the data and examine the research hypothesis. Findings Participants used books, drug manuals, search engines and medical databases more frequently, and less than half of them consulted colleagues to acquire drug-related information for clinical, educational and research purposes. Handheld computers were used by most participants to access and store drug information. Lack of access to drug information and lack of enough time were the main obstacles in seeking drug information. A significant association (p value=0.024) was detected between organizing and re-finding information for future uses. Originality/value This study investigated drug information seeking behaviours of health care professionals and the way they managed this information in a developing country with a lack of necessary information technology infrastructures. Training programmes are required to help health care professionals to find and access reliable and up-to-date drug information resources and to more easily re-find the found drug information for future uses.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:26 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0070
  • The information practices of Business PhD students
    • Authors: Idunn Bøyum et al
      First page: 187
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate how PhD students discover, choose and use information and literature for their research. Design/methodology/approach Eight PhD students at the Norwegian Business School (BI) were interviewed. The interviews were based on a phenomenological approach. Findings The use of both library databases and Google Scholar is frequent and contextual. The informants ranked the library databases as more useful than Google Scholar. Methods for keeping up to date varied and were contextual. Although, formal information seeking in library databases was seen as more academic than the tracking of references this latter method was more widespread. Students felt they mastered the tools associated with formal information seeking, which constituted a continuous activity in their research practices. Wilson’s (1983) theory on cognitive authority may give a better understanding of the findings. Practical implications Acquiring knowledge about the information practices of PhD students in a specific discipline will help libraries to improve their services and acquire relevant resources for their users. Originality/value This paper examines PhD students’ ranking of information resources, identifies preferred methods for keeping up-to-date and reveals in which contexts the informants use either formal or social information seeking practices.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:27 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-06-2014-0073
  • Wikipedia and Undergraduate Research Trajectories
    • Authors: Lily Todorinova et al
      First page: 201
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose This study analyses undergraduate students’ use of Wikipedia bibliographies. The study has implications for Wikipedia as a “discovery tool” of library collections, library instructional practices, and understanding the complex ecology of students’ research processes. Design/methodology/approach 30 undergraduate students were recruited from introductory English writing classes. A controlled survey was conducted in Qualtrics®, including the following sections: 1) pre and post test of students’ understanding of authority/quality of sources, 2) tasks analyzing participants’ choices for further research after reading a Wikipedia article, and 3) students’ determination of the authority/quality of sources in Wikipedia reference pages, using an adapted version of the Turnitin® Source Educational Evaluation Rubric (SEER). Findings The investigator found that students were unlikely to follow references they found in bibliographies of Wikipedia pages, unless instructed to do so. This was expressed most clearly in their comments, which revealed that Wikipedia’s reference sections are found to be too overwhelming and numerous. These entries are depicted by order of appearance in the text and are not ranked, or presented in an order students considered useful. Participants were not likely use Wikipedia as a discovery tool of library content because they perceived Wikipedia as being markedly different, even in opposition to, library resources. Students disclosed being warned by their faculty and instructors not to use the online encyclopedia at all in their research process. However, paradoxically, after reading a Wikipedia article, students were most likely to go to Google, or revisit Wikipedia, for more information, as opposed to using the library. Study participants reported that “ease of access” is the most important consideration when choosing sources to include in research papers, followed by the actual authority/quality of these sources. Students also greatly benefited from having a structured rubric available at the point of their research process when they are asked to determine the authority/quality of sources, and especially within Wikipedia bibliographies. Research limitations/implications This is a small-scale study of students’ use of Wikipedia in one university campus, but its results can spark a discussion of the larger question of undergraduates’ research trajectories. The findings of the study suggest that these trajectories are extremely influenced by two conflicting issues: faculty influence and resource convenience. The researchers plan to extend the study to include faculty’s perceptions of the value of Wikipedia to undergraduate students’ research, including faculty’s own involvement as Wikipedia editors and contributors. Future research of undergraduate’s use of Wikipedia could benefit from a greater recruitment of participants across a diverse pool of academic institutions, as well as a mixed research method of observation, task analysis, and interviews. Practical implications The findings of the study offer suggestions for both the design aspect of Wikipedia and the instructional methods of academic librarians. This study also informs library practices and emerging collaborations with Wikipedia, specifically the “Wikipedian in Residence” program and the concept of using Wikipedia as one type of a discovery tool. Originality/value There is a lack of empirical evidence showing how or if students use Wikipedia bibliographies to continue their research. The possibility of the online encyclopedia as a discovery tool for library collections is relatively unknown and unexplored. The topic of collaboration between Wikipedia and libraries is new and emerging in the field.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:24 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0086
  • Faculty Perception of Wikipedia in the California State University System
    • Authors: Aline Soules et al
      First page: 213
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose The study explored whether faculty perceptions of Wikipedia have changed over a five-year period. Design/methodology/approach A survey was conducted of four universities in the California State University System—California State University, East Bay, Humboldt State University, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, and California State University, Fresno. Following the survey, respondents who volunteered their contact information were interviewed about their perceptions and/or their assignments/projects involving Wikipedia. Findings The study showed that, overall, faculty perceptions of Wikipedia have shifted in Wikipedia’s favor and that some faculty members create interesting and unique assignments that involve Wikipedia or Wikipedia-like work. Research limitations/implications This study sampled four of the twenty-three campuses in the California State University System. Practical implications The growing acceptance of Wikipedia has implications for course work with students both in terms of assignments in the discipline and also for the need to ensure students understand how to evaluate sources. Originality/value The literature discussing faculty perceptions of Wikipedia has not discussed whether faculty perceptions are shifting.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:20 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-08-2014-0096
  • Information behaviors in value adding of farmers’ production and
           marketing in Thailand
    • Authors: unchasa Seenuankaew et al
      First page: 227
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 116, Issue 3/4, March 2015. Purpose This article is a component of a larger and more comprehensive research study of farmers and their behavior regarding the acquisition and use of information. The objective was to study the information behavior of farmers regarding value adding in production and marketing. Design/methodology/approach This research was qualitative and based on the Grounded Theory. In-depth interviews, observations, and field survey recordings were conducted to collect data. Pan Tae Sub-district, Khuan Kanun District, Pattalung Province, Thailand was selected as the research field site. The subject consisted of 14 key informants selected by the theoretical sampling technique. These informants were successful in value adding to their production and marketing process. Findings Farmers require information because of problems associated with low product prices and being taken advantage of by middlemen. Farmers’ information seeking behavior includes: 1) transfer of information from governmental academic officers and community leaders; 2) exchanges of information among community farmers; and 3) training/ study trips. Farmers use information in brand building, product differentiation, and development of product quality, all with the main objective of increasing income. Originality/value Information behaviors of farmers were theoretically summarized from farmers’ development in their social and farming context. The new and expanded knowledge obtained from a Thai context will be useful for the science and profession of library and information science. This information will also improve methods of communicating valuable information to farmers, thereby improving productivity and quality of life.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Jan 2015 00:13:22 GMT
      DOI: 10.1108/NLW-07-2014-0089
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