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Journal Cover New Library World
   [544 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0307-4803
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]   [SJR: 0.845]   [H-I: 11]
  • Gateways to the future'
    • Authors: David Michael Baker
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, May 2014.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:22 GMT
    • Authors: Bruce E. Massis
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 285-288, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to suggest that librarians and libraries must demonstrate rationalization of, and innovation in, the library, with the goal of ensuring a sustainable future for both the profession and the institution. Design/methodology/approach – In this paper, literature review and commentary on this topic have been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings – Myth-shattering remains as critical for the library’s survival as is a forward-facing posture. If the public, the funders, grantors, legislators and other government entities can recognize the continuing need filled by the library, not only as a welcoming and respected center of a community, but as a knowledge hub brimming with research to support innovation, the rationalization regarding its continuance will be unnecessary. Originality/value – The value in addressing this issue is to highlight the libraries must be viewed not only as a symbol of stability in the community but also as innovators.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:22 GMT
  • Space development
    • Authors: Diana L. H. Chan et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 250-262, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this case study is to describe the space transformation of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library (HKUST Library) into a learning commons and how learning activities have been substantially multiplied by engaging academic and supporting units. This experience is used to posit a number of anticipated directions for library space planning. Design/methodology/approach – This paper focuses on the design elements of the learning commons and how these elements have created an effective platform for a variety of learning activities. It outlines an assessment study on how students liked the transformed space and viewed its added values. Findings – In the digital era, academic libraries can be transformed for new, effective and collaborative use. By integrating technology and flexible design, the new space excites existing scholars and attracts a broad range of new users. Students, faculty and administrators react positively to the new space, as it offers effective learning ambience. By engaging and co-creating with university partners, the new space functions as an active facilitator of learning – a hub that supports interaction and an effective platform to support pedagogy towards team projects, multimedia work and whole-person development. Future library spaces need to exhibit characteristics tailored to various user groups and their specific usage needs. Originality/value – The experience of the HKUST library will have broader implications for other academic libraries embracing their mission-critical nature and assets. It shows that libraries can embrace challenges in the digital and virtual world by creative and innovative use of their physical space.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:22 GMT
  • The world is our lobster
    • Authors: Derek Law
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 200-210, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this article is to explore the changing skill sets, operating environments and community engagement activities which can create a robust and valued future for libraries and librarians. It is easy to paint a doom-laden picture of the future of libraries against a background of library cuts, professional deskilling and the relentless advance of ever more powerful digital information systems. However, these self-same threats offer new challenges for information management. Design/methodology/approach – Personal view of the future based on current literature. Findings – It is better to seek forgiveness than permission. Seize the day. Research limitations/implications – Just one point of view among many. Practical implications – Librarians need to act. Social implications – The library can remain core to civilised societies. Originality/value – Others must judge that.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:22 GMT
  • Collections, selection, access
    • Authors: Aline Soules
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 263-271, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review current strategies in collections, selection and the access libraries provide, to present scenarios that illustrate the roles libraries are beginning to play and to discuss viable strategies for libraries in the future. Design/methodology/approach – An extensive review of the literature was conducted to identify current strategies in collections and selection, and to explore innovations in access strategies that reveal future directions. Findings – Librarians are redefining collections and selection, implementing new strategies to provide information that is more relevant to today’s needs, focusing more intently on niche collections and experimenting in access strategies to market information and increase use. Practical implications – Libraries’ survival depends on re-thinking the philosophy and approach to collections, selection and access. Social implications – Libraries need this shift in thinking and approach to find their place in the new information world. Originality/value – The paper provides an overview of current thinking in collections, selection and access, prompts thought about new directions in this area and provides a forum for discussion.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:17 GMT
  • Future of the book and library creatively explored
    • Authors: Charlie Smith
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 211-224, May 2014. Purpose – This paper aims to contribute to discussion about the changing role of libraries and their collections, through discussing projects designed by architecture students. Design/methodology/approach – The paper reflects on design projects produced by final-year students studying for an undergraduate degree in architecture. A project was set for a group of students to design a “Book Repository”. Each researched their own interpretation of what this might be, given contemporary issues such as increasing digitisation, falling numbers of library visitors, changing users’ needs and what they interpret as a future for books. This paper reviews a selection of the projects in the context of contemporary research, and discusses the book as a physical object, contemporary library design and the role of libraries as civic buildings. Findings – Despite being designed by digitally literate students, physical books are highly significant in every project; however, the cultural significance of the books is more important than the objects themselves. Also, the provision of spaces for the act of reading is notably absent. The relationship between the library and its context was a key theme for several projects, which explore innovative means through which to engage the public. Originality/value – Collectively these projects contribute to debate over the role of books and libraries in contemporary culture through the eyes of young designers. The paper will be of interest to those involved in the procurement and design of libraries.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:12 GMT
  • Ad fontes! Books on shelves!
    • Authors: John van de Pas
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 272-284, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a signpost to the librarian that might be helpful in making strategic assessments for the future of the public library, and helping in the process of decision-making about the course to be followed. Thereby critical remarks about the Internet-based “virtual library lobby” are summed up as arguments against following that path blindly, and alternatives to a technology-centred approach are put forward by focusing on the cultural uses of the library as a public place. Design/methodology/approach – In this article a viewpoint is developed, based on an exploration of selected literature on the function of the library as an institution in society, and different viewpoints that are put forward in the debate on the future of libraries in the Internet era are analyzed. Some contend that going virtual is the only feasible course to take. Others emphasize that many functions of the library are unquantifiable because of their cultural nature, and rooted in physical interaction of citizens with a real space of bricks, mortar and books. These functions may never be fully virtualized, but are deemed essential to the community in which the library institution is rooted, and even society at large. Findings – If librarians choose the technological path of the virtual library, they are rapidly being made obsolete by the multinational commercial information aggregators, where free access to information is no longer provided. If the library takes the cultural path, defining its future as an institution instrumental to “the commons” providing freedom to citizens, the actual use citizens make of library as public places should be taken as central starting point for a feasible future, and technology should be used as a means to that end. Research limitations/implications – The article is a viewpoint, based on a limited selection of literature. Practical implications – The viewpoint offers a critical assessment relevant to those librarians responsible for creating a roadmap for the future of their public library. Social implications – This study underpins the importance of the public library as one of the last true public areas, open to all for the benefit of the community. Originality/value – This study offers a different point of view, possibly even a warning call, against embracing technological determinism that brings with it enclosure of The Commons, which the Public Library in its true meaning should offer. Internet-based services are often put forward (and welcomed by many) as the solution for the future for free access to information. In the article, the case is made that unfettered free access for information to citizens is at odds with actual developments on the Internet, that according to leading Internet critics is rapidly being turned into a commercial advertising platform or market place.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:02 GMT
  • The future of open access and library publishing
    • Authors: Faye Chadwell et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 225-236, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide a vision for how academic libraries can assume a more central role in a future where open access (OA) publishing has become the predominant model for disseminating scholarly research articles. Design/methodology/approach – The authors analyze existing trends related to OA policies and publishing, with an emphasis on the development of repositories managed by libraries to publish and disseminate articles. They speculate that these trends, coupled with emerging economic realities, will create an environment where libraries will assume a major role in the OA publishing environment. The authors provide some suggestions for how this major role might be funded. Findings – The trends and economic realities discussed will lead to new roles for academic librarians and will change the existing roles. Originality/value – This article provides insights for academic libraries and their institutions to consider a dramatic shift in the deployment of subscription dollars from a dysfunctional and largely closed scholarly communication system to one that provides open, unfettered access to research results.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:33:02 GMT
  • Strategic development of university library space
    • Authors: Graham Matthews et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 5/6, Page 237-249, May 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore issues, approaches and challenges in providing strategic direction to university libraries on developing their physical space in what is increasingly a digital age. A key aspect of the work is to explore how university libraries and their senior staff can widen libraries’ role to inform the strategic direction of formal and informal learning spaces across the institution. Design/methodology/approach – Research and perspectives from across the world provide the context for the study. A single site case study based at Loughborough University in the UK is explored to demonstrate how strategy for university library space is developed. The case study also provides an example of how a university library has extended its influence on other informal learning spaces. Findings – University library physical space has an important role in learning, teaching and research, despite the increase in digital information provision. For effective strategy, information and evidence needs to be collected from a wide range of sources. The experience and skills that university libraries have developed in managing learning spaces can be transferred to learning spaces elsewhere in the university. Research limitations/implications – This is a single site case study. Practical implications – The case study provides approaches and ideas that can be applied by university libraries in the strategic development of learning spaces. Originality/value – The paper provides an innovative and informed insight into how university libraries can influence learning and teaching spaces across university campus/site. Further research would be valuable to identify practice more widely. Surveying, from a library perspective, university and university estate, management strategies for content relating to libraries and formal and informal spaces across the institution and what is going on/being planned in this area would further progress the debate.
      PubDate: Sun, 10 Aug 2014 10:32:55 GMT
  • Library marketing: moving between traditional and digital strategies
    • Authors: Bruce Massis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this column is to provide several discussion themes on which to muse regarding the strategy of library marketing in today’s technology-rich environment. Design/methodology/approach Literature review and commentary on this topic that has been addressed by professionals, researchers and practitioners. Findings Moving between the traditional model of library marketing to the cutting edge model is occurring through the numerous digital communication tools used every day. Not only must the library rely on these modes of marketing, but must also recognize that their patrons share that space with them and the many contacts each one of those patrons have as well, thus potentially expanding the library audience and therefore positively expanding its user base. Originality/value The value in addressing this issue is to examine approaches to marketing library services in an effort to present the reader with several discussion points on the topic.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 21:51:01 GMT
  • Keeping up with the law: investigating lawyers’ monitoring behaviour
    • Authors: Stephanie Ellis et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose We wanted to provide an enriched understanding of how lawyers keep up-to-date with legal developments. Maintaining awareness of developments in an area (known as ‘monitoring’) is an important aspect of professional’s information work. This is particularly true for lawyers, who are expected to keep up-to-date with legal developments on an on-going basis. Design/methodology/approach We wanted to provide an enriched understanding of how lawyers keep up-to-date with legal developments. Maintaining awareness of developments in an area (known as ‘monitoring’) is an important aspect of professional’s information work. This is particularly true for lawyers, who are expected to keep up-to-date with legal developments on an on-going basis. Findings The lawyers mostly used electronic resources (particularly e-mail alerts and an electronic tool that alerted them to changes in website content), alongside interpersonal sources such as colleagues, customers and professional contacts. Printed media such as journals and newspapers were used more rarely and usually to complement electronic and person-based resources. A number of factors were found to influence choice. These included situational relevance, presentation, utility and trustworthiness, the speed of content acquisition, and interpretation facilitated by the resource. Originality/value Our findings enrich our understanding of lawyers’ monitoring behaviour, which has so far received little direct research attention. Our design suggestions have the potential to feed into the design of new and improvement of existing digital current awareness resources. Our findings have the potential to act as ‘success criteria’ by which these resources can be evaluated from a user-centred perspective.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Aug 2014 21:50:30 GMT
  • A study of print and computer based reading to measure and compare rates
           of comprehension and retention
    • Authors: Jackie Young et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose The study observed, measured and recorded comparative cognitive processes in print and online to explain the differences, if any, in the readers’ information gathering processes and their subsequent comprehension and retention of information. It also examined the strategies that readers adopt that differ from print when reading online. Standardized reading comprehension scores were also collected. The results indicated that the participants demonstrated functional equivalency in both media but they had a preference for print. The linear individualistic mentality learned through print gave the study group participants the skills to successfully navigate through the dense web of information that constitutes the Internet. Story presentation and hierarchy, key elements of the print design process are less evident or absent online. As a consequence, as previous research has demonstrated, online readers are more poorly informed than print readers – but not in this case. The research from this study demonstrates that when the authors of the print media are those who also control the integrity of online content, print and web readers are equally well informed. Design/methodology/approach Coded texts from The Guardian Newspaper, The Economist and The New Yorker were used in a media lab to measure the study group's ability to read and retrieve information from the publications' print and Web editions. They were scored on how well they retrieved the core information in the articles from both media. Focus group sessions probed for information about reading in print and online at the end of the reading sessions. This gave valuable insight into the coping strategies that the participants used when engaging with online texts. Their were two sessions each of 3 hours and the participants were university students. Findings The study results show that the group were functionally equivalent in both print and online reading. However they had a profound distrust for online content in general which they found to be inaccurate and unstable. Websites they conclude never achieve "fixity". When reading online the study group scrolls through the text to retrieve facts and then goes to a print source verify the accuracy of the content. They do not engage with the content online as they do with print. While acknowledging that the publications in the study were reputable and of a high quality the group still found scrolling through the websites tedious. The printed page was to the study group a cultural object. Research limitations/implications This was a small study with 11 participants in a controlled environment on two evenings each lasting 3 hours. While the readings were intense the researchers saw no evidence of fatigue. The group were very vocal during the focus group sessions and gave valuable insights into the reading process. The stories were exactly the same in both media, were well written and edited. Typographic cues that give the reader priorities when engaging with the texts were transfered from the print to the online editions. HTML texts to this group are an impediment to the reading process and the amount of texts require too much time to read. A larger study with a more diverse readership reading more general news is required to verify the findings. This is being planned. As one of the study group stated "I grew up with print but younger people do not have the benefits of print." Practical implications Typography provides a language with visual form and through that form conveys the meaning of a text. The print reader decodes what she reads on the printed page allowing her to quickly absorb and parse large amount of text, discarding redundant content. The question now becomes which print reading operations are being transferred to the process of to extract relevant facts. Five centuries of continuous improvement of print communications have yet to be successfully transferred to the Internet. The visual aspects of print, the colour advertisement, the photograph, elements that aided the print reader's navigation are an intrusion on the web. A new form of navigation one that is more elegant and intuitive than the present is required. Originality/value As a newspaper and magazine designer and teacher I have been increasingly concerned with the transfer of information from the printed page to the computer screen. Many studies have been conducted on aspects of reading and designing for online reading. They are very often inaccurate and as such inconclusive. Reading is complex and measuring it difficult. I conducted this study as both a designer and from an academic perspective. I hope that it encourages a robust debate.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:45 GMT
  • The roles of the school librarians as information literacy specialists: a
           comparative study between Hong Kong, Shanghai, South Korea, Taipei, and
    • Authors: Patrick Lo et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose School librarians are not merely managers of the school libraries, nowadays they are also expected to serve as administrators, teaching consultants, information specialists, and information literacy teachers, etc. Unfortunately, in many countries, especially in Asia there has always been a lack of understanding on the parts of the classroom teachers and school administration about their role as information literacy (IL) specialists in the public school system. The study is designed to examine and compare the different roles and expectations of the school librarians as information literacy instructors between Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai, South Korea, and Taipei. Design/methodology/approach The school librarians in Hong Kong, Japan, Shanghai, South Korea, and Taipei were invited to take part in a questionnaire survey. A total number of 466 self-completed questionnaires were collected from all 5 regions. Findings The results indicated that the school librarians in both Taipei and South Korea outperformed the other regions, in terms of the scope and extent of duties and responsibilities these school librarians undertook as information literacy skills instructors. The staffing and organizational structures amongst the school libraries in Taipei also tended to be far more affluent and ‘departmentalized’ in comparison to the other 4 regions. Results also indicated that the amount of IL instructions carried out by the school librarians were directly proportional to the frequencies of collaborations the school librarians carried out with other subject teachers, as well as the extent the librarians themselves could contribute to the curriculum, as both information consultants and curriculum facilitators. Finally, the amount and level of reference duties performed by these school librarians for supporting the teaching of other subject teachers was another factor contributing to the overall success of IL instructions programmes being carried out. Originality/value The complex interactions of global trend and local responses in education system cannot easily be understood without the use of comparative studies (Arnove and Torres, 1999). The value of comparative studies lies in its potentials in highlighting the strengths and deficiencies of the education systems being examined, and thereby identifying valuable features of both foreign and local systems, as well as exposing defects for necessary improvements. Nevertheless, there has been a lack of cross-regional comparative research on IL programmes carried out via school libraries in East Asia. This study aims to provide a cross-analysis of empirical data collected in 5 different regions in East Asia for examining the issues of the role of the school librarians as IL skills specialists, by looking at their relationships with other colleagues, as well as their role as curriculum facilitator within the school community as a whole.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:44 GMT
  • Identifying the prevailing images in library & information science
           profession: is the landscape changing'
    • Authors: Evgenia Vassilakaki et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose This paper aims to provide a systematic review on Library and Information Science profession’s image and stereotypes from 2000-2013. In particular, it aims to identify and analyze the prevailing images of librarians in various contexts and explore possible changes occurring over time. Design/methodology/approach The method of systematic review is adopted to identify the prevailing images in Library and Information Science profession. Specifically, sixty papers were selected and five main themes emerged such as “public’s perceptions”, “librarians’ perceptions”, “students’ perceptions”, “mass media” and “image as an issue” after a thorough analysis of papers’ aim. Findings It was found that librarians were negatively perceived by both the wider public and the students. In terms of mass media, the image of ‘the old maid’ was dominant whereas newspapers focused on the male librarian who was perceived as glamorous. Positive stereotypes were also found in children books. On the whole, librarian’s image and relevant stereotypes have not changed considerably over time. Research limitations/implications This literature review considered only papers published between 2000 and 2013 and only in English mainly due to language restrictions. Originality/value This review identifies, critically analyzes and discusses the literature on the prevailing images and stereotypes associated with Library and Information Science profession in the last thirteen years. In addition, it attempts to identify and discuss any changes that occurred in this time frame.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:11 GMT
  • Phenomenology and organizational communication
    • Authors: John M. Budd et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose Achieving effective communication in organizations like libraries and information agencies is a difficult challenge. The business literature offers some suggestions, but those fall short. Employment of phenomenological methods by managers can help meet the challenge and bring people together around the intended messages. This paper presents ways for managers to attain the phenomenological attitude. Design/methodology/approach Of utmost importance to effective communication is transcending what can be called the “natural attitude” in favor of the “phenomenological attitude.” This requires recognition by managers of the unique relationship of self and other, plus the realization that action is intentional (meaning that being conscious means being conscious of something). This paper presents ways for managers to attain the phenomenological attitude. Findings Phenomenological methods of communicating have the potential to engage and involve everyone in the organization by enabling all to comprehend fully the nature of what is communicated and what is to be accomplished. Originality/value Phenomenology is seldom applied to organizational communication; this paper demonstrates that it presented the wherewithal to help managers improve the effectiveness of libraries and information agencies.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:10 GMT
  • Academic librarians’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of
           adopting e-learning for continuing professional development in Lagos
           state, Nigeria
    • Authors: Stella Ngozi Anasi et al
      Abstract: New Library World, Volume 115, Issue 7/8, August 2014. Purpose This paper aims to examine and discuss academic librarians’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of adopting e-learning for continuing professional development. Design/methodology/approach In order to elicit the necessary information, this study adopted a descriptive survey design, using questionnaire as instrument for data collection. The study population consists of five tertiary institutions-two universities, two polytechnics and one college of education, selected as sample using purposive sampling technique. The study also conducted a literature review on studies done on benefits and challenges of e-learning for professional development. The literature review is built on resources from online and offline. Findings Academic librarians in Lagos State were unanimous in their perception of benefits and challenges of adoption of e-learning for continuing professional development. The major benefits of e-learning were that e-learning opens up new frontiers for professional learning, supports knowledge generation and management and gives librarians an opportunity to broaden their knowledge. However, the major challenges to adopting e-learning for continuing professional development were inadequate power supply, inadequate knowledge of how to operate e-learning tools and limited bandwidth. Practical implications This paper establishes that the role of academic librarians in the provision of information for learning and study in academic institutions places them in an advantageous position to engage in e-learning activities for professional development. It also extols the need for top library management to deploy all resources within their reach to develop technology-enhanced learning system. This should also be complemented with the development and implementation of e-learning curriculum in library schools in Nigeria in order to inculcate e-learning culture. Originality/value The paper contributes to empirical research on e-learning for continuing professional development among librarians in Nigeria. Librarians who are interested in professional development will find this article useful.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 20:07:09 GMT
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