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Journal Cover   Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  [SJR: 14.685]   [H-I: 259]   [222 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1471-003X - ISSN (Online) 1471-0048
   Published by Nature Publishing Group Homepage  [110 journals]
  • Neural coding: Speed awareness
    • Authors: Katherine Whalley
      Pages: 507 - 507
      Abstract: A new study identifies a population of 'speed cells' in the rat medial entorhinal cortex that is likely to contribute to path integration.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 507 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-05
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4008
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neurotransmission: Sticking the brakes on
    • Authors: Fiona Carr
      Pages: 508 - 509
      Abstract: Presynaptic β-neurexins regulate synaptic strength at excitatory synapses by modulating endocannabinoid signalling.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-12
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4013
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Glia: Gasping for breath
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 508 - 508
      Abstract: How the brain senses local reductions in O2 partial pressure (pO2) that occur following neuronal activity is unknown, but it has now been shown that small decreases in pO2 induce Ca2+ responses in astrocytes. Reductions in O
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-12
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4012
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neuronal circuits: Peckish flies are less picky
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 508 - 508
      Abstract: Different internal states such as hunger or arousal cause functional changes in neural circuits and enable animals to adapt their behaviour according to their needs. Here, enhanced responsiveness to attractive odours and reduced aversion to noxious odours in starved flies is shown to be mediated
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-12
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4011
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Sensory processing: Itchy astrocytes
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 508 - 508
      Abstract: Many inflammatory skin diseases are accompanied by chronic, intractable itch, but the underlying pathology is poorly understood. Here, the induction of dermatitis in mice induced chronic itch accompanied by long-term reactive astrogliosis in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, which was dependent on STAT3
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-12
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4010
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Genes and disease: Organoids assist in ASD research
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 508 - 508
      Abstract: The developmental aetiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is poorly understood — partly because of the difficulty in accurately modelling human cortical development. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from fibroblasts taken from individuals with severe idiopathic ASDs were cultured as neural cell organoids. Although
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-12
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4009
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neuropharmacology: Pain relief without pairing up
    • Authors: Fiona Carr
      Pages: 508 - 509
      Abstract: The formation of a heteromer between cannabinoid 1 receptor and 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2A in the brain is required for cannabinoid-induced cognitive impairment, but not analgesia, in mice.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 508 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4007
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neurodegeneration: Reelin' from loss
    • Authors: Natasha Bray
      Pages: 509 - 509
      Abstract: In the adult mouse CNS, reelin protects against amyloid-β-induced synaptic and behavioural deficits.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 509 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-07-29
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4006
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neurotransmitter receptors: Recoding the pathways
    • Authors: Darran Yates
      Pages: 510 - 510
      Abstract: In the ventral striatum, motivated behaviour is understood to be encoded through a direct pathway, in which medium spiny neurons (MSNs) project from the nucleus accumbens (NAc) to the ventral mesencephalon (VM), and an indirect pathway, in which NAc MSNs project to ventral pallidum (VP)
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 510 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4018
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Circadian rhythms: The rhythm regulator
    • Authors: Darran Yates
      Pages: 510 - 510
      Abstract: The small ventral lateral neurons (sLNvs) are the main clock neurons in fruitflies and show circadian changes in excitability and axonal terminal width, which are at their greatest at dawn. This study revealed that sLNvs also show circadian changes in axon volume, suggesting the involvement
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 510 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4017
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Learning and memory: Demethylated learning
    • Authors: Darran Yates
      Pages: 510 - 510
      Abstract: Lysine-specific histone demethylase 1A (LSD1) targets histone H3 lysines to regulate transcription. Wang et al. found that, in vitro, a neuronal LSD1 isoform (LSD1n) targeted a different substrate: histone H4 lysine 20 (H4K20). Lsd1n knockout (Lsd1n−/−) mouse neurons showed
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 510 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4016
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Cerebral Cortex: Cortical reconstruction
    • Authors: Darran Yates
      Pages: 510 - 510
      Abstract: The fine anatomical relationships between brain cells remain mostly unknown. This study examined the connectivity of a 1,500 μm3 volume of mouse neocortex. More than 2,000 29-nm coronal brain sections were generated with an automatic tape-collecting ultramicrotome and used in scanning electron microscopy,
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 510 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4015
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Neurodegenerative disease: A neutrophil invasion
    • Authors: Katherine Whalley
      Pages: 510 - 510
      Abstract: Neutrophil infiltration of the brain drives cognitive decline in mouse models of Alzheimer disease and is regulated by the integrin LFA-1.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 510 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4014
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • NaV1.9: a sodium channel linked to human pain
    • Authors: Sulayman D. Dib-Hajj, Joel A. Black, Stephen G. Waxman
      Pages: 511 - 519
      Abstract: The voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.9 is preferentially expressed in nociceptors and has been shown in rodent models to have a major role in inflammatory and neuropathic pain. These studies suggest that by selectively targeting NaV1.9, it might be possible to ameliorate
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 511 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-05
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn3977
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Finding the engram
    • Pages: 521 - 534
      Abstract: Many attempts have been made to localize the physical trace of a memory, or engram, in the brain. However, until recently, engrams have remained largely elusive. In this Review, we develop four defining criteria that enable us to critically assess the recent progress that has
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 521 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4000
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • Auditory dysfunction in schizophrenia: integrating clinical and basic
           features
    • Authors: Daniel C. Javitt, Robert A. Sweet
      Pages: 535 - 550
      Abstract: Schizophrenia is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder that is associated with persistent psychosocial disability in affected individuals. Although studies of schizophrenia have traditionally focused on deficits in higher-order processes such as working memory and executive function, there is an increasing realization that, in this disorder, deficits
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 535 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn4002
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • From the genetic architecture to synaptic plasticity in autism spectrum
           disorder
    • Authors: Thomas Bourgeron
      Pages: 551 - 563
      Abstract: Genetics studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have identified several risk genes that are key regulators of synaptic plasticity. Indeed, many of the risk genes that have been linked to these disorders encode synaptic scaffolding proteins, receptors, cell adhesion molecules or proteins that are involved
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 551 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn3992
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
  • A genetic cause of Alzheimer disease: mechanistic insights from Down
           syndrome
    • Pages: 564 - 574
      Abstract: Down syndrome, which arises in individuals carrying an extra copy of chromosome 21, is associated with a greatly increased risk of early-onset Alzheimer disease. It is thought that this risk is conferred by the presence of three copies of the gene encoding amyloid precursor protein
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 16, 564 (2015)
      PubDate: 2015-08-05
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn3983
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 9 (2015)
       
 
 
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