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Journal Cover Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  [SJR: 14.685]   [H-I: 259]   [225 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1471-003X - ISSN (Online) 1471-0048
   Published by Nature Publishing Group Homepage  [117 journals]
  • Cortical physiology: Waking up homeostasis
    • Authors: Natasha Bray
      Pages: 261 - 261
      Abstract: Homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the firing rate of neurons in the visual cortex of rats within a stable range occur primarily during active wake and return the firing rates of individual cells to cell-specific set points.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 261 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-07
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.45
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Techniques: Magnetic manipulation
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 262 - 263
      Abstract: Fusion of ferritin with a transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) channel produces an ion channel that can be selectively targetted to specific neuronal populations and opened by application of a magnetic field.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 262 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-04
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.42
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Spinal cord: Interpreting interneuron diversity
    • Authors: Fiona Carr
      Pages: 262 - 263
      Abstract: V1 inhibitory interneurons of the spinal cord can be divided into 50 subtypes based on the expression of transcription factors; these subtypes have distinct physiological characteristics and spatial locations and differentially interact with the motor circuits innervating muscles in different limbs.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 262 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-03-24
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.36
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Spatial coding: Stay where you are
    • Authors: Katherine Whalley
      Pages: 263 - 263
      Abstract: A distinct set of neurons in the hippocampal CA2 region encodes current spatial position in the absence of movement.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 263 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-03-24
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.35
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Sensory systems: Crossing territories
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 264 - 264
      Abstract: Blind individuals exhibit substantial cortical remodelling between sensory cortices, but whether this occurs in the normal adult brain is unknown. In this study, sighted individuals who attended a 9-month course in reading Braille exhibited substantial cross-modal reorganization in visual cortical areas including the visual word
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 264 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.50
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Learning and memory: Rebalancing the brain
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 264 - 264
      Abstract: The formation of associative memories requires the strengthening of cortical synapses, which temporarily disrupts the excitation–inhibition (EI) balance. Functional MRI was used to analyse subvoxel neuronal activity patterns in the cortex of individuals who had been trained to associate pairs of stimuli. The neuronal activity
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 264 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.49
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Neurodegenerative disease: A storage or retrieval problem'
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 264 - 264
      Abstract: One of the hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD) is a loss in hippocampus-dependent episodic memory. Whether this results from a failure in memory storage or retrieval is unknown. In a contextual fear conditioning (CFC) model, transgenic mouse models of early AD have defects in long-term
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 264 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.48
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Learning and memory: Bursting not spiking
    • Authors: Sian Lewis
      Pages: 264 - 264
      Abstract: Working memory is thought to depend on sustained activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC) neurons. Here, spiking and local field potentials were recorded on a trial-by-trial basis from PFC neurons in monkeys trained in a working memory task. During the delay between stimulus and response there
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 264 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.47
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Navigation: The long and short of teleporting
    • Authors: Natasha Bray
      Pages: 264 - 264
      Abstract: Low-frequency oscillations in the hippocampus of individuals navigating a virtual environment are not associated with sensorimotor processing but instead carry task-related and spatial — including distance-related — information.
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 264 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-03-17
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.34
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • The neurogenetics of alternative splicing
    • Authors: Celine K. Vuong, Douglas L. Black, Sika Zheng
      Pages: 265 - 281
      Abstract: Alternative precursor-mRNA splicing is a key mechanism for regulating gene expression in mammals and is controlled by specialized RNA-binding proteins. The misregulation of splicing is implicated in multiple neurological disorders. We describe recent mouse genetic studies of alternative splicing that reveal its critical role in
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 265 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.27
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Neurotrophic factor control of satiety and body weight
    • Authors: Baoji Xu, Xiangyang Xie
      Pages: 282 - 292
      Abstract: Energy balance — that is, the relationship between energy intake and energy expenditure — is regulated by a complex interplay of hormones, brain circuits and peripheral tissues. Leptin is an adipocyte-derived cytokine that suppresses appetite and increases energy expenditure. Ironically, obese individuals have high levels
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 282 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-07
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.24
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Keep off the grass' Cannabis, cognition and addiction
    • Authors: H. Valerie Curran, Tom P. Freeman, Claire Mokrysz, David A. Lewis, Celia J. A. Morgan, Loren H. Parsons
      Pages: 293 - 306
      Abstract: In an increasing number of states and countries, cannabis now stands poised to join alcohol and tobacco as a legal drug. Quantifying the relative adverse and beneficial effects of cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids should therefore be prioritized. Whereas newspaper headlines have focused on links
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 293 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-07
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.28
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • Neural correlates of consciousness: progress and problems
    • Authors: Christof Koch, Marcello Massimini, Melanie Boly, Giulio Tononi
      Pages: 307 - 321
      Abstract: There have been a number of advances in the search for the neural correlates of consciousness — the minimum neural mechanisms sufficient for any one specific conscious percept. In this Review, we describe recent findings showing that the anatomical neural correlates of consciousness are primarily
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 307 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-20
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.22
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
  • The ontogeny of the cortical language network
    • Authors: Michael A. Skeide, Angela D. Friederici
      Pages: 323 - 332
      Abstract: Language-processing functions follow heterogeneous developmental trajectories. The human embryo can already distinguish vowels in utero, but grammatical complexity is usually not fully mastered until at least 7 years of age. Examining the current literature, we propose that the ontogeny of the cortical language network
      Citation: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 17, 323 (2016)
      PubDate: 2016-04-04
      DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2016.23
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 5 (2016)
       
 
 
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