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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 124)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 101)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 226)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5869 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5877
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Miniaturization of Quasi-Yagi Antenna Array with High Gain Using
           Split-Ring Resonators

    • Abstract: In order to realize the miniaturization of quasi-Yagi antenna array, an antenna array with split-ring resonators (SRRs) based on two 7 units quasi-Yagi elements is designed in this paper. The radiation performance of the quasi-Yagi antenna array degrades significantly when array element spacing is reduced. After embedding SRRs on both sides of the miniaturized dielectric substrate surface, the S parameters and gain of array are significantly better than the array without SRRs, and the adjustable wave beam energy is also enhanced effectively. It indicates that the proposed antenna array with SRRs has good directional radiation performance under the miniaturize process at the operation frequency of 2.45 GHz, which could be widely applied in the fields of smart rail transportation and wireless power transfer.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 May 2020 14:35:04 +000
  • Design of Wideband Absorber Based on Dual-Resistor-Loaded Metallic Strips

    • Abstract: A method for designing a dual-polarized wideband absorber with low profile by using dual-resistor-loaded metallic strips is proposed in this paper. Each unit cell consists of a resistive sheet with dual-resistor-loaded metallic strips and an underlying conducting plate. Two-dimensional arrays of two unequal metallic strips are printed on the dielectric substrate, and two resistors are embedded in the metallic strips. By properly designing the resonant frequencies of these metallic strips, a wide absorption band with three resonances is obtained. An equivalent circuit model is introduced, and the current distributions are examined to understand the physical mechanism of the proposed absorber. An example of the absorber is fabricated and measured to verify our designed concept. The measured results show that the wideband absorption performance with a fractional bandwidth of 129% under the normal incidence and the stable angular response are achieved. In addition, the proposed absorber has a low profile with 0.08, where is the wavelength at the lowest operating frequency.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 May 2020 06:05:02 +000
  • Quad-Band 3D Rectenna Array for Ambient RF Energy Harvesting

    • Abstract: This paper presents a quad-band, 3D mountable rectenna module for ambient energy harvesting. With the aim of powering up Internet of Things (IoT) nodes in practical ambient environments, a hybrid approach of combining power, both at RF and DC, is adopted using 98 MHz FM band, GSM900 (Global System for Mobile Communications), GSM1800, and Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz band. A dual polarized cross-dipole antenna featuring asymmetric slots as well as central ring structure enables multiband response and improved matching at the higher three frequency bands, whereas a loaded monopole wire antenna is used at the lower FM band. Four identical multiband antennas are placed in a 3D cubic arrangement that houses a 4-to-1 power combiner and matching circuits on the inside and the FM antenna on the top. In order to maintain stable rectenna output at varying input power levels and load resistances, a novel transmission line based matching network using closed form equations is proposed. Integrated in form of a 10 × 10 × 10  cube using standard FR4 substrate, the rectenna generates a peak output voltage of 2.38 V at −10 dBm input power. The RF to DC conversion efficiency is 70.28%, 41.7%, 33.37%, and 27.69% at 98 MHz, 0.9 GHz, 1.8 GHz, and 2.4 GHz, respectively, at −6 dBm. The rectenna also exhibits a measured conversion efficiency of 31.3% at −15 dBm for multitone inputs in ambient environment. The promising results in both indoor and outdoor settings are suitable to power low power IoT devices.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 May 2020 06:50:02 +000
  • Adaptive Dual-Polarization Filtering Method for Countering Active Jamming

    • Abstract: In order to counter active jamming, an adaptive polarization filtering method based on dual polarization radar is put forward. First, the signal flow principle of the dual polarization radar and its signal model are introduced. Then, the weighted coefficient matrices of the polarization filter are calculated adaptively according to the actual work situation of the current radar. Finally, the specific polarization filtering algorithm and the output criterion of the optimal filtering results are given. Experimental results show that this method does not need to know the type, quantity, combination mode, polarization characteristics, and other prior knowledge of active jamming but has well effect on both active deception jamming and active blanket jamming, so it has strong engineering application value.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 May 2020 06:20:02 +000
  • SAR Observation Error Estimation Based on Maximum Relative Projection

    • Abstract: The existing sparse imaging observation error estimation methods are to usually estimate the error of each observation position by substituting the error parameters into the iterative reconstruction process, which has a huge calculation cost. In this paper, by analysing the relationship between imaging results of single-observation sampling data and error parameters, a SAR observation error estimation method based on maximum relative projection matching is proposed. First, the method estimates the precise position parameters of the reference position by the sparse reconstruction method of joint error parameters. Second, a relative error estimation model is constructed based on the maximum correlation of base-space projection. Finally, the accurate error parameters are estimated by the Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno method. Simulation and measured data of microwave anechoic chambers show that, compared to the existing methods, the proposed method has higher estimation accuracy, lower noise sensitivity, and higher computational efficiency.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 May 2020 08:20:03 +000
  • The Refraction Correction of Elevation Angle for the Mean Annual Global
           Reference Atmosphere

    • Abstract: In some frequency-sharing studies between fixed service and space radiocommunication services, including fixed-satellite, broadcasting-satellite, and space science services, it is necessary to estimate the apparent elevation angle of a space station, taking into account the atmospheric refraction. Recommendations ITU-R (International Telecommunication Union—Radiocommunication) P.834-9 and F.1333-1 detail similar methods regarding calculating the refraction correction for the elevation angle of the mean annual global reference atmosphere. Herein, both methods are approximated using the bending angle from the ground to the infinity height; this approach is most suitable for geosynchronous orbit satellites. In this paper, new methods for calculating the refraction correction for the elevation angle are proposed regarding the mean annual global reference atmosphere given in Recommendation ITU-R P.835-6. Specifically, the results of the ray-tracing method are fitted. The height of the new formulae is 100 km above sea level. For higher altitudes, correction methods are given based on free-space propagation. The proposed methods can be applied to the calculation of the refraction correction for the elevation of the mean annual global reference atmosphere for satellites at different orbital heights. Furthermore, these new methods compare favourably to the two ITU-R Recommendations.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 May 2020 08:05:07 +000
  • Microfluidic Flexible Substrate Integrated Microstrip Antenna Sensor for
           Sensing of Moisture Content in Lubricating Oil

    • Abstract: In this paper, a flexible microstrip patch antenna sensor is proposed for monitoring of the moisture content of lubricating oil. The sensor identifies liquids having different effective dielectric constants by detecting changes in the resonance frequency. The proposed antenna comprises a radiation patch, a metal ground plane, and a PDMS substrate with microchannels. The microchannels are etched on the PDMS substrate. When the relative permittivity of the microfluidic channel is 1.8∼12.5, the operating frequency of the proposed antenna changes from 2.230 to 2.116 GHz, and the amplitude of the reflection coefficient is greater than −26.3 dB. The simulation and measurement results show that the proposed sensor can monitor the lubricating oil with different moisture contents, which can cause frequency separation of at least 20 MHz and achieve a good linear response. Therefore, the proposed sensor has the feasibility of monitoring the quality of lubricating oil.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 May 2020 13:35:01 +000
  • 2D DOA Estimation with a Two-Parallel Array Consisting of Two Uniform
           Large-Spacing Linear Arrays

    • Abstract: In this paper, an improved propagator method (PM) is proposed by using a two-parallel array consisting of two uniform large-spacing linear arrays. Because of the increase of element spacing, the mutual coupling between two sensors can be reduced. Firstly, two matrices containing elevation angle information are obtained by PM. Then, by performing EVD of the product of the two matrices, the elevation angles of incident signals can be estimated without direction ambiguity. At last, the matrix product is used again to obtain the estimations of azimuth angles. Compared with the existed PM algorithms based on conventional uniform two-parallel linear array, the proposed PM algorithm based on the large-spacing linear arrays has higher estimation precision. Many simulation experiments are presented to verify the effect of proposed scheme in reducing the mutual coupling and improving estimation precision.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Apr 2020 15:35:04 +000
  • Four-Element Microstrip Patch Array Antenna with Corporate-Series Feed
           Network for 5G Communication

    • Abstract: The paper proposes a simple four-element microstrip patch array antenna fed with corporate-series technique. The paper compares the proposed design with four-element antennas fed with only series-fed and corporate-fed microstrip antennas. All three antenna designs use rectangular microstrip patch elements with two insets and slots on both sides of the patch. The patch elements are accompanied by Yagi elements: three director elements and two reflector elements. Through comparison of simulation results, the paper shows that four-element array antenna with combined corporate-series feeding technique performs better compared to antennas with only either series or corporate feeding network. The proposed corporate-series fed antenna achieves better performance with wide frequency bandwidth of 25.04–30.87 GHz and gain of 9.5 dB. The antenna has an end-fire radiation pattern. Overall performance shows that the proposed corporate-series-fed microstrip patch antenna with Yagi elements is suitable for next generation 5G communication.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Apr 2020 06:20:09 +000
  • Long Range Backhaul Microwave Connectivity in Wireless Sensor Networks via
           a New Antenna Designed for ISM 2.4 GHz Band

    • Abstract: This study aimed to explore a metallic striped grid array planar antenna, analyze it numerically in terms of its parameters, and optimize it for best performance. It may be an appropriate candidate for long-range point-to-point connectivity in wireless sensor networks. Antenna gain and frequency impedance bandwidth are two important performance parameters. For an efficient antenna, its gain should be high while maintaining operating bandwidth wide enough to accommodate the entire frequency range for which it has been designed. Concurrently, antenna size should also be small. In this study, antenna dimensions were kept as small as possible without compromising its performance. Its dimensions were 300 mm × 210 mm × 9.9 mm, which made it compact and miniature. It had a maximum gain of 16.72 dB at 2.45 GHz and maximum frequency impedance bandwidth of 7.68% relative to 50 Ω. It operated across a frequency band ranging from 2.38 GHz to 2.57 GHz, encapsulating the entire ISM 2.4 GHz band. Its radiation efficiency remained above 93% in this band with a maximum of 98.5% at 2.45 GHz. Moreover, it also had narrow HPBWs in horizontal and vertical planes having values of 18.52° and 31.25°, respectively.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Apr 2020 12:50:11 +000
  • Near-Field HF-RFID and CMA-Based Circularly Polarized Far-Field UHF-RFID
           Integrated Tag Antenna

    • Abstract: This research proposes an integrated high-frequency (HF) and ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag antenna for near-field (13.56 MHz) and far-field (920–925 MHz) communication. This tag antenna is advantageous for the applications with lossy material in the near-field communication and mitigates polarization loss in the far-field communications. The HF-RFID tag antenna is of square spiral structure, and the circularly polarized UHF-RFID structure consists of a square loop radiator with cascading loop feeding and shorted stub. The structure of HF-RFID tag antenna situated inside the circularly polarized UHF-RFID tag can avoid the significant effect of the near-field magnetic coupling from the square loop. The UHF-RFID tag antenna is realized by using characteristic mode analysis for wideband circular polarization. The HF-RFID structure is conjugate-matched with NXP NT3H2111 chip, and the UHF-RFID structure is conjugate-matched with NXP G2X chip. Simulations were carried out, and an antenna prototype was fabricated. The experimental results reveal that the radiation pattern of UHF-RFID tag antenna is bidirectional with a gain of 0.31 dBic. The impedance bandwidth covers the frequency range of 903–944 MHz, and the axial ratio in boresight direction at 922.5 MHz is 1.67 dB, with the axial ratio bandwidth over 863–938 MHz. The maximum near-field and far-field reading ranges are 4.9 cm and 8.7 m. The proposed integrated dual-band passive tag antenna is operationally ideal for HF-RFID and UHF-RFID applications.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Apr 2020 07:35:03 +000
  • A Novel Linear Sparse Array with Reconfigurable Pixel Antenna Elements

    • Abstract: In this paper, on the basis of multifunctional reconfigurable pixel antenna (RPA) elements, a novel linear sparse array with an attractive compound reconfigurability is presented. It has the potential advantages of its beam scanning with low gain fluctuation, low sidelobe in two orthogonal planes, and polarization reconfigurable performance. Specifically, an RPA with simultaneous polarization and pattern reconstruction capabilities, consisting of the driven patch and the parasitic pixels on the same layer of dielectric substrate, is firstly designed, which can work in several operation modes corresponding to steerable beam directions with two circular polarizations in X-band. Cross-slot coupling feed is used to improve polarization reconstruction capability and reduce the complexity of hybrid reconstruction topology optimization. Then, those RPAs are integrated into the linear sparse array to realize the reconfiguration of two circular polarizations and beam steering in xoz- and yoz-plane. Simulation results show that the gain fluctuation and sidelobe level of the array during beam scanning have significant advantages over the previous phased array, and the generation of antenna grating lobes is avoided. Moreover, both RPA element and RPA array prototypes have been fabricated and measured to testify the efficiency. The measured results agree well with the simulated ones, which indicates the application potential in the field of modern wireless communication system of the proposed linear sparse array.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Apr 2020 11:20:04 +000
  • A Band-Rejection Vivaldi Antenna with High Selectivity Using Hybrid

    • Abstract: A simplified notched design method for the Vivaldi antenna is exhibiting high frequency-band-selectivity characteristics. By suitably introducing half-wavelength resonator (HWR) and complementary capacitively loaded loop (CCLL), the notched-band selectivity is promoted while maintaining the wide impedance bandwidth of the antenna applicable for wireless communications. HWR is bent in the middle to focus the first notch pole, and the second notch pole is obtained by CCLL on the radiating patch. Additionally, the resonant frequency of the notched pole can be determined by the position and size of two loaded resonators in theoretical analysis, thereby realizing a wideband antenna with the desired notched band. Finally, the Vivaldi antenna of loading resonator was fabricated to verify the feasibility of this new method. Measured and simulated experimental results reveal that the antenna exhibits directional pattern in the passband, low gain at the band-rejection, and excellent selectivity within a frequency range. The simulation and measurement results are in good agreement. The proposed antenna achieves S11
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Apr 2020 11:05:04 +000
  • The PSK Channel Capacity Estimation under Dynamic Plasma Sheath Channel

    • Abstract: During the reentry process, the plasma sheath covering the surface of the hypersonic aircraft will cause the amplitude attenuation and phase jitter of the communication electromagnetic waves. Channel parameters such as the electron density and collision frequency of the plasma sheath reflect the changing trend of the plasma sheath, and these parameters can be measured by physical means. However, these parameters cannot directly reflect the change of the channel communication ability and cannot directly serve the design of communication methods in the plasma sheath. Due to the particularity of the plasma sheath, the traditional channel estimation method for Additive White Gaussian Noise channels will no longer be applicable. This paper presents a channel capacity estimation method for dynamic plasma sheath. First, the plasma sheath is equivalent to a discrete input continuous output memoryless channel, and then the channel capacity expression is derived according to Shannon formula. Finally, the channel capacity of the dynamic plasma sheath is estimated by calculating the transition probability density function. The simulation results show that the channel capacity of the dynamic plasma sheath is affected by both the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the dynamic parameters of the plasma sheath. When the electron density is small, the channel capacity is mainly affected by the SNR. As the electron density increases, the dynamic parameters of the plasma sheath gradually become the main factor affecting the channel capacity. This method is a theoretical analysis of the channel capacity when the channel parameters of the plasma channel are known, and it is meaningful for conducting the work of communication methods design.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Apr 2020 13:05:01 +000
  • A New Ultracompact Narrow Bandpass Microstrip Filter Using Double-Negative
           Quasiplanar Cells

    • Abstract: This paper presents a novel ultracompact narrow bandpass filter with high selectivity. The proposed filter is composed of cascading two basic cells. Each cell is basically a microstrip line loaded with a quasiplanar resonator and series gaps which can be fabricated using a standard multilayer printed circuit board technology. The structure is analyzed through an equivalent circuit and full-wave simulations. The simulation results are compared with experimental measurements demonstrating a good agreement between them. The measurement indicates that the realized bandpass filter at the center frequency of 1 GHz has a fractional bandwidth of 2.2%. Most importantly, in comparison with other similar recent works, it is shown that the proposed filter has the smallest size.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Apr 2020 08:35:01 +000
  • Improved Point Dipole Model for Subwavelength Resolution Scattering
           Near-Field Optical Microscopy (SNOM)

    • Abstract: High-resolution microscopy technique is of significant importance for studying nanomaterials. It is necessary to understand the near-field interaction between the probe and substrate materials in order to get the fine structure of the nanomaterial in the subwavelength scale. The numerical methods such as FDTD, FEM, and MoM are inefficient for the SNOM problems because of the illness of the impedance matrix. The analytic method can only be used for some simple objects such as sphere. Here, a quasianalytical method is developed, in which the analytic formula is refined to adapt to various shapes of the probe approaching the curve of SNOM. By this way, it is helpful in comparing the performance of different probes and giving us a direction to design a new type probe in SNOM. As an application, the developed method is used to study the contrast in the SNOM for the interface between the two different surfaces that have different materials and topography.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Mar 2020 15:05:06 +000
  • Effect of Ground Plane Deformation on Electrical Performance of Air
           Microstrip Antennas

    • Abstract: This paper covers the variation of electrical performance of air microstrip antennas due to its ground plane deformation. A typical sinusoidal function is utilized to characterize the shape of deformation, based on which different shapes of ground plane can be obtained by changing control parameters. From the simulation results by HFSS, there is a strong linear relationship between the offset of resonant frequency and the amplitude of deformation. The equivalent thickness of the air medium is introduced into the calculation model, and then the mathematical model is established to describe the resonant frequency offset and deformation amplitude. It can also be seen from the radiation pattern that the directivity decreases with the increase of deformation. The proposed method can be used to predict the effect of ground plane deformation on electrical performance of air microstrip antennas.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Mar 2020 06:05:05 +000
  • Application of Whale Optimization Algorithm to Inverse Scattering of an
           Imperfect Conductor with Corners

    • Abstract: In this paper, the whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is applied to the inverse scattering of an imperfect conductor with corners. The WOA is a new metaheuristic optimization algorithm. It mimics the hunting behavior of humpback whales. The inspiration results from the fact that a whale recognizes the location of a prey (i.e., optimal solution) by swimming around the prey within a shrinking circle and along a spiral-shaped path simultaneously. Initially, the inverse scattering is first transformed into a nonlinear optimization problem. The transformation is based on the moment method solution for scattering integral equations. To treat a target with corners and implement the WOA inverse scattering, the cubic spline interpolation is utilized for modelling the target shape function. Numerical simulation shows that the inverse scattering by WOA not only is accurate but also converges fast.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Mar 2020 06:50:07 +000
  • Quasi-Static Solution for ELF/SLF near-Zone Field of a Vertical Magnetic
           Dipole near the Surface of a Lossy Half-Space

    • Abstract: Dipole antennas over the boundary between two different media have been widely used in the fields of geophysics exploration, oceanography, and submerged communication. In this paper, an analytical method is proposed to analyse the near-zone field at the extremely low frequency (ELF)/super low frequency (SLF) range due to a vertical magnetic dipole (VMD). For the lack of feasible analytical techniques to derive the components exactly, two reasonable assumptions are introduced depending on the quasi-static definition and the equivalent infinitesimal theory. Final expressions of the electromagnetic field components are in terms of exponential functions. By comparisons with direct numerical solutions and exact results in a special case, the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed quasi-static approximation are demonstrated. Simulations show that the smallest validity limit always occurs for component , and the value of should be no greater than 0.6 in order to keep a good consistency.
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Mar 2020 11:05:04 +000
  • Spectrum Sharing with Vehicular Communication in Cognitive Small-Cell

    • Abstract: An increasing number of vehicles make spectrum resources face serious challenges in vehicular cognitive small-cell networks. The means of spectrum sharing can greatly alleviate this pressure. In this paper, we introduce a supermodular game theoretic approach to analyze the problem of spectrum sharing. The small-cell BS (primary service provider, PSP) and the vehicle (secondary service provider, SSP) can share the spectrum, where the PSP can sell idle spectrum resources to the SSP. This is taken as a spectrum trading market, and a Bertrand competition model is considered to depict this phenomenon. Different PSPs compete with each other to maximize their individual profits. The Bertrand competition model can be proved as a supermodular game, and the corresponding Nash equilibrium (NE) solution is provided as the optimal price solution. Hence, an improved genetic simulated annealing algorithm is designed to achieve NE. Simulation results demonstrate that the NE point for the price of the primary service provider exists. The change of the exogenous variable is also analyzed on the equilibrium point.
      PubDate: Thu, 19 Mar 2020 11:35:01 +000
  • Application of Hybrid ARIMA and Artificial Neural Network Modelling for
           Electromagnetic Propagation: An Alternative to the Least Squares Method
           and ITU Recommendation P.1546-5 for Amazon Urbanized Cities

    • Abstract: This study sets out an empirical hybrid autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and artificial neural network (ANN) model designed to estimate electromagnetic wave propagation in densely forested urban areas. Received signal power intensity data was acquired through measurement campaigns carried out in the Metropolitan Area of Belém (MAB), in the Brazilian Amazon. Comparisons were made between estimates from classical least squares (LS) fitting and ITU (International Telecommunication Union) recommendation P. 1546-5. The results indicate the model is, at least, 44% more precise than every ITU estimate and, in some situations, is at least 11% better than an LS estimate, depending on the respective values of the relative error (RE).
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Mar 2020 09:05:01 +000
  • Product Dictionary Learning-Based SAR Target Configuration Recognition

    • Abstract: Dictionary construction is a key factor for the sparse representation- (SR-) based algorithms. It has been verified that the learned dictionaries are more effective than the predefined ones. In this paper, we propose a product dictionary learning (PDL) algorithm to achieve synthetic aperture radar (SAR) target configuration recognition. The proposed algorithm obtains the dictionaries from a statistical standpoint to enhance the robustness of the proposed algorithm to noise. And, taking the inevitable multiplicative speckle in SAR images into account, the proposed algorithm employs the product model to describe SAR images. A more accurate description of the SAR image results in higher recognition rates. The accuracy and robustness of the proposed algorithm are validated by the moving and stationary target acquisition and recognition (MSTAR) database.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 14:50:01 +000
  • Passive Radar Source Localization Based on Cuckoo Search NVTDOA

    • Abstract: In order to meet the requirement of passive radar source localization in electronic warfare, the concept of the virtual time differences of arrival (VTDOA) is proposed by taking advantage of the characteristics of the same UAV in different positions at different times and the periodic rotation of radar pulse signal. The VTDOAs are the passive localization information defined as the time differences of the radar pulse transmission from the radar position to different virtual receivers. Firstly, a nonlinear VTDOA (NVTDOA) localization model is constructed. Moreover, sufficient conditions for accurately calculating the periodic integers in the model are analyzed, and the observability conditions of the localization model determined are deduced. Secondly, the convergence solution of the NVTDOA localization equation is obtained by Cuckoo search algorithm; thus, passive radar source localization is realized. Finally, the performance of the proposed method is verified by comparing with the existing methods.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Mar 2020 02:50:04 +000
  • A Dual-Polarized Printed Antenna Based on a Tapered Slot SICL Balun for
           Airborne Radar Application

    • Abstract: The substrate-integrated coaxial line (SICL) is a potential transmission line due to its good characteristics of high efficiency, nondispersive, and single operational mode. A tapered slot SICL balun is proposed, which can realize the impedance transformation from the microstrip line to the coplanar strip line (CPS). At the same time, the proposed balun can transform the quasi-TEM mode of the microstrip line to the TEM mode of CPS. A printed dipole radiator is designed and is fed by the proposed SICL balun to achieve the impedance matching. The dual-polarized radiation mode is realized by employing two orthogonal printed dipoles. For each polarization radiator, the CPS is bended to avoided the occlusion of two polarization ports and realize the direct assembling of two orthogonal printed circuits. What is more, the assembling method is advantageous to improve the port isolation degree and decrease the cross polarization level. To improve the ratio of front to back (F/B) of the radiation pattern, a cylindrical metal cavity is adopted. According to the results of simulation and experiments, the VSWR of each port is lower than 2, the isolation degree between two polarization ports is higher than 20 dB, and the cross polarization level at the boresight is lower than −20 dB at the operational frequency. The patterns of two ports are almost symmetric, and high radiation efficiency is obtained. The experimental results of the principle prototype verify the design schemes of the balun and the dual-polarized antenna. The proposed dual-polarized antenna fed by the tapered slot SICL balun is suitable for the airborne radar application.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Mar 2020 02:20:00 +000
  • Computationally Efficient Compressed Sensing-Based Method via FG Nyström
           in Bistatic MIMO Radar with Array Gain-Phase Error Effect

    • Abstract: In this paper, a robust angle estimator for uncorrelated targets that employs a compressed sense (CS) scheme following a fast greedy (FG) computation is proposed to achieve improved computational efficiency and performance for the bistatic MIMO radar with unknown gain-phase errors. The algorithm initially avoids the wholly computation of the received signal by compiling a lower approximation through a greedy Nyström approach. Then, the approximated signal is transformed into a sparse signal representation where the sparsity of the target is exploited in the spatial domain. Finally, a CS method, Simultaneous Orthogonal Matching Pursuit with an inherent gradient descent method, is utilized to reconstruct the signal and estimate the angles and the unknown gain-phase errors. The proposed algorithm, aside achieving closed-form resolution for automatically paired angle estimation, offers attractive computational competitiveness, specifically in large array scenarios. Additionally, the analyses of the computational complexity and the Cramér–Rao bounds for angle estimation are derived theoretically. Numerical experiments demonstrate the improvement and effectiveness of the proposed method against existing methods.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2020 05:35:05 +000
  • Application of Plasmonic Nanoantennas in Enhancing the Efficiency of
           Organic Solar Cells

    • Abstract: It is known that the periodic use of silver nanoantennas in organic solar cells increases the efficiency of light absorption. In this study, we performed a geometric parametric analysis of nanoantennas using the finite element method. Based on the study of the convex truncated cone nanoantenna, we have found that a nanoantenna arrangement formed by the convex truncated cone nanoantenna along with a pyramidal nanoantenna provides a better solution for different angles of light incidence compared to a single nanoantenna. We obtained a mean increase in the absorption efficiency of this organic solar cell, both for the TM and TE polarizations, compared to the use of the conventional nanoantenna in the wavelength range of 300–800 nm.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Mar 2020 05:35:04 +000
  • Design and Analysis of Antenna Feeding Networks Based on the Rotman Lens
           Using Interval Analysis (IA)

    • Abstract: A new method for the design of antenna array feeding networks has been proposed in this work. In particular, the considered feeding networks are based on the Rotman lens. By knowing the maximum errors on the fabrication tolerances, the arithmetic of intervals and interval analysis (IA) are used for determining the lower and upper bounds of the antenna feeding network parameters of interest. Representative and preliminary numerical results are reported to show the potentialities of the proposed method. An experimental X-band Rotman lens prototype has been designed, fabricated, and assessed. The obtained results are quite good.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Mar 2020 14:20:03 +000
  • Sparsity-Based Robust Bistatic MIMO Radar Imaging in the Presence of Array

    • Abstract: A sparse recovery method for robust transmit-receive angle imaging in a bistatic MIMO radar is proposed to deal with the effect of array gain-phase errors. The impact of multiplicative array gain-phase errors is changed to be additive through model reformulation, and transmit-receive angle imaging is formulated to a sparse total least square signal problem. Then, an iterative algorithm is proposed to solve the optimization problem. Compared with existing methods, the proposed method can achieve a significant performance gain in the case that the number of snapshots is small. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Feb 2020 08:05:07 +000
  • A Loop-Line Antenna with Enhanced Bandwidth of Circular Polarization

    • Abstract: We investigate a circularly polarized (CP) transmission-line antenna composed of loop radiation elements, called a loop-line antenna. To enhance the CP wave bandwidth, an isolated loop radiation element is first analyzed using the method of moments. It is found that a CP wave bandwidth for a 3 dB axial-ratio criterion has a maximum value of 8%. On the basis of the analysis results, we design the loop-line antenna. It is found that the antenna shows a CP wave bandwidth of 6%, which is twice as wide as that of a conventional loop-line antenna. The analysis results are verified with experimental ones. In addition, a condition for wideband CP radiation is discussed and found to be a composite radiation element consisting of two CP loops.
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Feb 2020 11:05:05 +000
  • Modified Crossed-Wire Antennas Radiating a Circularly Polarized Conical

    • Abstract: Two types of modified crossed-wire antennas are investigated to enhance a circularly polarized (CP) wave bandwidth. The wire length of each antenna is increased twice as long as that of the original antenna. First, a bent-type antenna is analyzed using the method of moments. It is found that the CP wave bandwidth for a 3 dB axial ratio criterion is twice as wide as that of the original antenna. Next, a spiral-type antenna is analyzed. It is revealed that the antenna shows a CP wave bandwidth of 28%, which is wider than that of the original antenna by a factor of 3.5. The analysis results are validated by experimental work.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Feb 2020 04:05:03 +000
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