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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 124)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 102)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 370)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 228)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 191)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.565
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 36  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1751-8725 - ISSN (Online) 1751-8733
Published by IET Homepage  [46 journals]
  • Retrieval of electrical and physical properties of dielectric samples
           using time-domain multiple reflection method
    • Authors: Aman;Vineet Singh;Somak Bhattacharyya;
      Pages: 701 - 706
      Abstract: In this study, a novel time-domain multiple reflection method for determining the electrical properties and thickness of the sample has been proposed. The unique advantage of this method is that it employs only reflection coefficient data for the reconstruction of the properties. The proposed scheme is validated by determining the permittivity, thickness, and loss tangent values of different samples of different thicknesses with high accuracy. The experimental characterisation has been carried out, incorporating the proposed scheme for its verification and thereby the electrical and physical properties of an unknown sample have been retrieved. The proposed method is simple, cost-effective and non-iterative in nature. The proposed technique is quite useful in applications like through-wall imaging, where the wall can be accessed from a single side only, monitoring the health of the building and ground-penetrating radar.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Generalised probe method to measure the liquid complex permittivity
    • Authors: Lei Xing;Jiajia Zhu;Qian Xu;Yongjiu Zhao;Chaoyun Song;Yi Huang;
      Pages: 707 - 711
      Abstract: A generalised probe method is proposed for fast and accurate complex permittivity measurements. The method is based on the simulated reflection coefficients using the finite difference frequency domain method. A database is set up, which consists of the simulated complex reflection coefficients of the unknown material under test. A fast searching algorithm is performed to match the measured reflection coefficients to the reference values in the database, thus the complex permittivity of the liquid can be obtained. An in-house measurement system is developed. The unique feature of this system is that it can be applied to an arbitrarily-shaped probe. Liquid samples are measured and the results are compared with that published in the literature. Good agreements are obtained. These results could be useful for liquid microwave component designs and applications.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Gridded parasitic patch stacked microstrip array antenna for 60 GHz
    • Authors: Alexander Bondarik;Daniel Sjöberg;
      Pages: 712 - 717
      Abstract: An array antenna design based on a gridded parasitic patch stacked microstrip antenna element is presented. The radiating part in the top layer of one antenna element has nine rectangular metal patches placed in a grid with three rows and three columns with a separation of 0.1 mm between the patches. Two means of realising the array are investigated. In a regular 2 x 2 concept, the parasitic patches of individual elements are placed next to each other, forming on the top layer a uniform grid of parasitic patches with six rows and six columns. In an alternative concept named as shared array, neighbouring antenna elements share one row and one column of parasitic patches, forming on the top layer a uniform grid of parasitic patches with five rows and five columns. The antenna arrays are designed for the 60 GHz band. The measured bandwidth is 13.8 GHz for the single antenna, 15.3 GHz for the 2 × 2 array, and 12.4 GHz for the shared array. The measured realised gain at 60 GHz is 6 dBi for the single antenna, 11 dBi for the 2 × 2 array, and 10.5 dBi for the shared array. The measured radiation patterns have good agreement with simulations.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Analogue predistortion lineariser control schemes for ultra-broadband
           signal transmission in 5G transmitters
    • Authors: Karan Gumber;Meenakshi Rawat;
      Pages: 718 - 727
      Abstract: Analogue predistorter (APD) has gained a new significance due to the need for high bandwidth in the fifth generation (5G) communication. As predistorted signal is generated in the analogue domain, it is free from data converter bandwidth limitation and presents an attractive linearisation solution for power amplifier (PA) in the 5G base station. Furthermore, it also finds its application in the multicarrier repeater system for long-distance communication, where the baseband information is not readily available. However, the performance of the conventional APD is dependent on the appropriate control of gain and phase of the predistorted signal. The state-of-the-art work in analogue linearisation solutions mostly utilises vector multiplier for such a control. This work points out the limitations of such a scheme and proposes a novel control scheme (CS) that is capable of extracting better benefits of the APD. An experimental validation is carried out by linearising 10 W HMC8500 broadband GaN PA, excited by a eight-component carrier 160 MHz ultra-broadband long-term evolution signal. The proposed Type-II CS delivers an adjacent channel power ratio of -45.05 dBc with an improvement of 18 dB, which is 4 dB better than Type-I CS.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Quad-mode radial uniform circular array antenna for OAM multiplexing
    • Authors: Jeong-Ung Yoo;Hae-Won Son;
      Pages: 728 - 733
      Abstract: This study presents a novel radial uniform circular array (UCA) antenna for quad-mode orbital angular momentum (OAM) multiplexing in the 5.2 GHz band. The antenna can simultaneously generate four OAM modes (±1, ±2) using two radial UCAs printed concentrically on a single substrate. Each UCA is connected to an individual dual-mode feeding network, and generates a pair of complementary OAM modes. The feeding network for each UCA consists of one quadrature hybrid coupler and two circular feedlines, and they can be integrated onto a single substrate. The measured radiation patterns and helical phase wavefronts show the successful generation of four OAM modes by the proposed antenna. The quad-mode OAM transmission test was performed using two prototypes of the proposed antenna, and good isolations>13.7 dB were obtained between four OAM mode channels, which demonstrates that the antenna can be successfully used for OAM multiplexing.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Filtering rat-race couplers with impedance transforming characteristics
           based on terminated coupled line structures
    • Authors: Gaoya Dong;Weimin Wang;Yongle Wu;Yuanan Liu;Manos M. Tentzeris;
      Pages: 734 - 742
      Abstract: In this study, a series of rat-race couplers with bandpass filtering responses and impedance transforming characteristics are presented based on novel coupled-line structures. Firstly, a novel filtering rat-race coupler core circuit is proposed by introducing coupled-line structures into conventional rat-race coupler. Then, a series of rat-race couplers with enhanced filtering responses and stopband rejections are constructed by employing various types of impedance transformers. The even- and odd-mode methods are adopted to explain the operating mechanisms. Finally, a filtering rat-race coupler prototype with a fractional bandwidth of 35.2% is designed and measured. The measured results show high passband selectivity, good out-of-band rejection and isolation performances, which is attractive for practical application.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Broadband and high gain dielectric-rod end-fire antenna fed by a tapered
           ridge waveguide for K/Ka bands applications
    • Authors: Yuwei Zhang;Shu Lin;Baoqi Zhu;Jingxuan Cui;Yu Mao;Jianlin Jiao;Alexander Denisov;
      Pages: 743 - 751
      Abstract: In this study, a broadband and high gain dielectric-rod end-fire antenna are proposed for applications on both the K and Ka bands. By employing the double-ridged waveguide (DRW) feeding structure which is composed of a coaxial line to tapered DRW transition, a parabolic tapered DRW, and a parabolic-tapered flared parallel waveguide section, the impedance bandwidth of this proposed antenna is broadened to 84.5%. The dielectric-rod with the double circular truncated cone structure acted as the main radiator of the proposed antenna is adopted to achieve higher gains and lower side-lobe levels as compared to the traditional circular cone dielectric-rod, while the four-wedges structure inserted in the waveguide is developed as the matching section of the dielectric-rod to further improve the impedance matching. The measured results show that this antenna can be operated in 17.9-44.1 GHz, and the measured gain changes from 9.9 to 15.5 dBi. Moreover, the radiation patterns are demonstrated with observed end-fire characteristic in the overall operating band.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Experimental and computational study on epoxy resin reinforced with
           micro-sized OPEFB using rectangular waveguide and finite element method
    • Authors: Ahmad Mamoun Khamis;Zulkifly Abbas;Ahmad F. Ahmad;Raba'ah Syahidah Azis;Daw M. Abdalhadi;Ebenezer Ekow Mensah;
      Pages: 752 - 758
      Abstract: Epoxy resin (ER) composites reinforced with micro-sized oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) were fabricated to improve the biodegradability of electromagnetic interference connector gasket. The dielectric properties, transmission coefficient S21 , reflection coefficient S11 , reflection loss, power loss and shielding effectiveness were studied at a frequency range of 8-12 GHz. OPEFB-ER composites were prepared by varying the percentages of OPEFB (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 and 40%) at room temperature (25°C ±2). Dielectric constant (ε'), loss factor (ε"), reflection and transmission coefficients of the composites were measured using rectangular waveguide connected to vector network analyser. In addition, ε' and ε" were used in finite element method technique to obtain S11 and S21 . The results showed that the dielectric properties increased but S11 and S21 decreased with increasing OPEFB percentage in the composites. The shielding effectiveness, power loss and reflection loss increased with increasing OPEFB percentage in the composites. The simulated and measured results of S11 and S21 were in good agreement.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Compact dual-band filtering power divider with independently controllable
           bandwidths using shorted patch resonators
    • Authors: Gaoya Dong;Weimin Wang;Yongle Wu;Yuanan Liu;Yunnan Fang;Manos M. Tentzeris;
      Pages: 759 - 767
      Abstract: This study presents a novel dual-band filtering power divider (DB-FPD) structure with independently controllable bandwidths for dual-band application. The proposed DB-FPD structure is constructed by shorted G- and T-shaped patch resonators, and meandered slot lines are etched on shorted patch resonators to generate resonance in the upper band. The 3 dB fractional bandwidth (FBW) of designed DB-FPD structure in a lower band (upper band) can be adjusted from 5.2 to 24.2% (3.1 to 26.9%), respectively, using a substrate of 31 mil thick TLY-5. The even-/odd-mode method is adopted to demonstrate the power splitting and isolation performances. The lumped-element equivalent circuit is extracted to explain the power splitting transmission performance. Also, the coupling matrix analysis is applied to present the detailed design procedures for practical DB-FPD, with specific passband bandwidths and centre frequencies of dual passbands. Finally, the isolation performances are analysed with different isolation resistor values and loading positions. For verification, two DB-FPDs with equal absolute bandwidths (ABW) and equal FBWs are simulated, fabricated and measured for dual-band WLAN application. The measured results agree well with the simulated ones, exhibiting a favourable frequency selectivity and controllable passband bandwidths.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Charge correction formulation on the staircase edges and effective length
           of inclined wires in FDTD mesh
    • Authors: Tarcísio C. Fonseca;Sandro T.M. Gonçalves;Cássio G. do Rego;Gláucio L. Ramos;
      Pages: 768 - 773
      Abstract: This work presents improvements for inclined thin wire simulation in finite-difference time-domain (FDTD). Modelling of the corners of staircase geometries is proposed by adding the accumulated charges at an edge region. This correction is important due to the delay of the electromagnetic fields propagation on the stairs. To test the validity of the proposition, the v-dipole fed by a resistive voltage source is designed and implemented. A significant improvement can be noted in the calculation of the impedance when the stairs of the geometry are more discretised and the charge correction is applied. Also, a surprising outcome is issued when the stair formed by an inclined thin wire has only one cell per stair: a perfect emulation of an inclined wire happens when the charge correction is applied, showing that a correction of the propagation time of the electromagnetic fields is automatically performed. Based on the propagation time adjustments, an effective length model has also been proposed to emulate the real size of the inclined wire by the size correction of the staircase geometry. Although the effective length depends on the FDTD parameters initial setup, it has a fast response and a low complexity implementation with good accuracy.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Compact high-isolation planar eight-way power divider using zero-phase
           isolation circuit
    • Authors: Kaijun Song;Pan Zhao;Yuxuan Chen;Shema Richard Patience;
      Pages: 774 - 778
      Abstract: A compact high-isolation planar eight-way power divider using a zero-phase isolation circuit is presented. The composite right- and left-handed transmission line is applied to achieve good input impedance matching, and the hybrid coplanar waveguide (CPW)/microstrip line is used to get a compact circuit size in the eight-way power-dividing circuit. In addition, the zero-phase microstrip line is applied to obtain high output isolation. The design has been verified by measurements, which show good agreement with simulations. The fabricated eight-way power divider measured results show that the central frequency of 2.2 GHz, 15 dB input return loss bandwidth of 36.4%, 0.2 dB insertion loss bandwidth of 29% and 20 dB output isolation bandwidth of 27% are achieved.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Broadband circularly polarised stacked antenna with sequential-phase feed
    • Authors: Kang Ding;Rentang Hong;Dongfang Guan;Li Liu;Yanjie Wu;
      Pages: 779 - 784
      Abstract: A broadband circularly polarised (CP) stacked antenna with a sequential-phase feed technique is proposed in this study. The antenna contains a square ring that is encircled by four driven patches. The gap-coupled feed method is used to transfer energy from the square ring to the driven patches. Moreover, four stacked patches are placed above the bottom layer to enhance the impedance and CP bandwidths. The measured results yield an impedance bandwidth of 33.6% (4.78-6.71 GHz) and a wide 3 dB axial ratio bandwidth of 19.4% (4.90-5.95 GHz) is obtained. The average gain is ~9 dBi and the variation of gain is
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Traceability of printed circuit board assemblies using embedded electronic
    • Authors: Kamil Janeczek;Aneta Araźna;Wojciech Stęplewski;Tomasz Serzysko;
      Pages: 785 - 790
      Abstract: Modern electronic industry requires simultaneous monitoring of electronic devices from their production, usage, up to their recycling. Therefore, the traceability system is becoming more and more popular in this modern electronic industry. In this study, such a system working in the ultra-high frequency range was demonstrated. A functional part of the system (sensor) was produced using different technologies that aim to embed chips inside printed circuit boards. The sensors were examined under changing temperature conditions. The achieved results showed that the laminated sensors were more resistant to temperature cycles, although some voids were observed in their structures, which may influence their mechanical properties. All the tested samples remained fully functional after 500 temperature cycles (-40°C to +105°C). The values of the received signal strength indicator measured before and after the temperature exposure did not reveal significant differences. Bearing this in mind, it can be stated that the proposed system can be successfully used in the electronic industry to monitor the operation of different types of devices.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Wearable high gain low SAR antenna loaded with backed all-textile EBG for
           WBAN applications
    • Authors: Mohamed El Atrash;Omar F. Abdalgalil;Ibrahim S. Mahmoud;Mahmoud A. Abdalla;Sherif R. Zahran;
      Pages: 791 - 799
      Abstract: A high gain, low specific absorption rate, oval-shaped monopole antenna is presented. It is backed by an all-textile 3 × 3 array of electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) unit cells. The antenna is printed on the thin Rogers ULTRALAM 3850 substrate, while the EBG array is composed of the conductive ShieledIT Super and dielectric substrate felt. The design operates at 2.45 GHz of the Industrial, Scientific, and Medical band. Due to the close distance between the extended grounds of the co-planar waveguide feeding configuration and the oval-shaped monopole antenna, current-coupling was achieved, leading to gain enhancement. However, with body-loading cases, resonance at 2.45 GHz was attained at a separation of 30 mm. By incorporating the EBG array, as an isolator, this issue was resolved. In free space and over a gap of 3 mm from the human body, gain enhancements by 2.68 and 11.54 dB were achieved at 2.45 GHz, respectively. Simulated and measured results are benchmarked. Furthermore, SAR simulation study showed reductions by 99.5%, averaged over 1 and 10 g of tissue.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Global optimisation scheme based on triple-objective ABC algorithm for
           designing fully optimised multi-layer radar absorbing material
    • Authors: Abdurrahim Toktas;Deniz Ustun;Mustafa Tekbas;
      Pages: 800 - 811
      Abstract: Multilayer radar absorbing material (MRAM) is composed by superimposing different dielectric material layers with various thicknesses for reducing the reflection of electromagnetic (EM) wave. In this study, a novel triple-objective optimisation scheme based on Pareto-integrated artificial bee colony (P-ABC) algorithm is presented for the fully-optimised design of four broad-band and broad-angle MRAMs (BB-MRAMs) at the most interested radar bands 2-8, 8-12, 12-18 and 2-18 GHz between the angle range of 0°-60°. Two objective functions depending on total reflections (TRs) with TE and TM polarisations are constituted by taking the weighted mean of the TR in the incident wave angle and frequency. The BB-MRAMs are optimally designed by determining simultaneously the design variables of the thickness and material of each layer for minimising synchronously the three objective functions TE-TR, TM-TR and total thickness through the P-ABC, as well as by assuring the trade-off among the objectives. The BB-MRAMs are also verified under various cases through a comparison with simulated results by a full-wave simulator. The designed BB-MRAMs are even compared with the near-optimal MRAMs reported elsewhere. Therefore, the fully-optimised BB-MRAMs by the proposed triple-objective scheme are the global optimal designs thanks to the robust P-ABC algorithm.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Measurement-based wireless channel analysis and modelling for shipping
    • Authors: Changzhen Li;Junyi Yu;Wei Chen;Kehao Wang;Shoufeng Wang;Kun Yang;Xiaofeng Wu;
      Pages: 812 - 820
      Abstract: To guarantee shipping safety, it is crucial to build a reliable wireless communication network. This study presents characteristic analysis of shipping wireless channel based on measurements. The authors conduct five channel measurements for two important water mobile communications, covering inland river and sea scenarios. Channel characteristics, e.g. power delay profile, amplitude distribution, delay spread and shadow fading, are extracted and compared for the two scenarios. It is found that the main difference between the them lies in more obstacles and scatterers in inland river propagation environment. The results show that more obstacles and scatterers can result in richer multipath effect and larger shadow fading decorrelation distance. A triple Gaussian mixture distribution (TGMD) is proposed to characterize the wireless channel with LOS, obstructed LOS and non-LOS situations in the practical propagation. To verify the effectiveness of TGMD, the goodness of fit between measurement and analysis results in terms of Rician K-factor, root mean square (RMS) delay spread and RMS Doppler spread is calculated. Furthermore, the cross-correlation among shadow fading, Rician K-factor and RMS delay spread are studied. Larger cross-correlation can be found in inland river and sea than vehicular communication due to the open propagation environment.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Broadband and high gain multilayer multiresonator elliptical microstrip
    • Authors: Rinkee Chopra;Girish Kumar;
      Pages: 821 - 829
      Abstract: In this study, a low cost, broadband and high gain multilayer multiresonator microstrip antenna (MSA) is designed. It consists of one metallic fed patch at the bottom layer and two circular patches (1B2 T) are printed on the bottom side of the top FR4 substrate layer, which is air suspended. Two configurations with the bottom patch of circular and elliptical shapes are compared. The elliptical 1B2 T MSA provides better bandwidth (BW), i.e. 53.4% with peak gain of 9.8 dBi. The antenna design parameters are selected to provide maximum BW with uniform gain. The elliptical 1B2 T MSA is further enclosed in a metallic cavity, which improves the BW, gain and front to back (F/B) ratio of the antenna. The elliptical 1B2 T MSA with cavity enclosure is fabricated and tested. Experimental results are in agreement with simulated ones. The elliptical 1B2 T MSA with cavity provides 55.7% BW with peak gain of 12.1 dBi and F/B of>18 dB. The proposed antenna can be used in GPS, 2G, 3G, 4G and Wi-Fi frequency bands applications.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
  • Affine transformation for synthesis of low sidelobe patterns in planar
           array antennas with a triangular element grid using the IFT method
    • Authors: Will P.M.N. Keizer;
      Pages: 830 - 834
      Abstract: This study deals with the affine transformation that is used to convert the triangular element grid of a planar phased array antenna into a square one. By means of this kind of transformation, it is possible to apply the iterative Fourier transform (IFT) method to synthesise low sidelobe tapers for array antennas featuring a triangular grid. Combination of the IFT method with an affine transformation allows the synthesis of low sidelobe tapers of which the peak sidelobe level does not vary with changing frequency and/or altering main beam position. The considered affine transformation was already briefly addressed in earlier publications of this author. In this study detailed information is given on its use in combination with the IFT method. Examples to demonstrate the effectiveness of the combination affine transformation and the IFT method for triangular grid array antennas are given. It will be shown that the peak sidelobe levels of the obtained tapers are invariant with frequency and scan angle when all far-field directions of the array factor are involved in the low sidelobe taper synthesis.
      PubDate: 7 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 8 (2020)
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