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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 175 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 104)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 91)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nano Devices, Sensors and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.565
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 35  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1751-8725 - ISSN (Online) 1751-8733
Published by IET Homepage  [42 journals]
  • Compact coplanar waveguide-fed reconfigurable fractal antenna for
           switchable multiband systems
    • Authors: Youcef Braham Chaouche;Idris Messaoudene;Ismail Benmabrouk;Mourad Nedil;Farid Bouttout;
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: In this study, a coplanar waveguide-fed reconfigurable antenna using crescent-shaped fractal geometry is presented. The frequency reconfigurable approach is obtained using radio-frequency positive intrinsic negative diodes, resistor, and inductors. The proposed approach has successfully allowed reconfigurable switching up to eight frequency bands between 1.46 and 6.15 GHz. Good results have been obtained in terms of stable and omnidirectional radiation patterns. The realised gains of the antenna system, in these frequency bands, vary from 0.52 to 5.67 dBi. The designed antenna has the advantages of a multiband structure and compact size over the previously reported structures. The proposed antenna is suitable for future wireless application systems.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Phase interpolation Fourier transform beamforming for spatial division
    • Authors: Alexey Shitvov;Dmitry Kozlov;Irina Munina;Pavel Turalchuk;
      Pages: 9 - 15
      Abstract: The spatial division represents an efficient approach to increasing data throughput in wireless networks. It can be implemented by spanning the channel in spatial domain with orthogonal beams generated by a Fourier transform (FT) beamforming network and using each beam to simultaneously convey an independent data stream from the base station (BS) to several users. This study presents a feasibility study of a simplified BS front-end architecture based on a spatial discrete FT beamforming network, with the number of the output ports being lower than the number of the elements in the antenna array. It is shown that connecting each output port of the FT network via power dividers to several array elements, thus implementing a `sample-and-hold' phase interpolation, preserves the orthogonality, gain and beam-width in a narrow scanning sector. Therefore, in applications where few orthogonal beams are required to span a narrow spatial sector, the proposed approach can offer a reduction of the hardware complexity. The simulated radiation patterns for a phase interpolation Fourier beamforming network are demonstrated. The measured antenna radiation patterns are reported for the architecture implemented with a Fourier Rotman lens and Wilkinson power dividers feeding a microstrip antenna array, which confirm the simulated trends.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Dielectric resonator-based four-element eight-port MIMO antenna with
           multi-directional pattern diversity
    • Authors: Gourab Das;Nikesh Kumar Sahu;Anand Sharma;Ravi Kumar Gangwar;Mohammad S. Sharawi;
      Pages: 16 - 22
      Abstract: This work presents a four-element, eight-port cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna (cDRA) with multi-directional pattern diversity for wireless access point applications. Initially, a dielectric resonator is fed by two different feeding techniques to create two simultaneous orthogonal patterns. This primary radiator is combined with similar radiators in a cross-configuration to obtain an eight-port multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna system. The antenna elements are placed in such a way that each radiator of the proposed antenna can radiate in a different direction so that the field correlation between the antenna elements is minimum. The proposed diversity antenna consists of four antenna elements and eight polarised ports. Isolation between the ports is improved by generating orthogonal modes in each cDRA and exciting each cDRA to radiate in a different direction. The similarity in simulated and measured results confirm that the proposed eight-port diversity antenna is useful for the frequency ranges between 5.6 and 5.9 GHz for wireless local area network (WLAN) applications.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Using metasurface structures as signal polarisers in microstrip antennas
    • Authors: José Lucas da Silva Paiva;José Patrocínio da Silva;Antônio Luiz Pereira de Siqueira Campos;Humberto Dionísio de Andrade;
      Pages: 23 - 27
      Abstract: This study analyses the influence of a metasurface coupled to a rectangular microstrip antenna. The proposed metasurface converts linearly polarised electromagnetic waves into circularly polarised electromagnetic waves. The rectangular microstrip antenna is designed to operate at 2.45 GHz. The metasurface is coupled to the antenna in order to provide a structure capable of radiating circularly polarised electromagnetic waves without the need for adjustments to the antenna feed. In this analysis, the metasurface was designed from unit cells, distributed in a periodic arrangement acting as a polariser, when coupled to the upper part of the antenna. The geometry of the unit cells and their distribution in the arrangement were calculated in order to obtain an axial ratio below 3 dB in the design frequency range. Prototypes of the microstrip antenna and the metasurface were constructed to obtain experimental results and it was possible to observe a good convergence between the simulated and measured results.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Dispersion properties of rectangularly-corrugated waveguide structures by
           the in-house 3D FDTD code COCHLEA in cylindrical coordinates
    • Authors: Dimitrios V Peponis;George P Latsas;Zisis C Ioannidis;Ioannis G Tigelis;
      Pages: 28 - 34
      Abstract: An in-house full-wave numerical code COCHLEA based on the Finite Difference in Time Domain (FDTD) method has been developed and used to study the dispersion properties of corrugated waveguide structures. The mathematical formulation of the corresponding electromagnetic problem is presented in detail. Numerical results are derived for axially corrugated waveguides similar to those appeared in gyrotron stacked beam tunnels and are compared with those obtained by the in-house semi-analytical numerical code FISHBONE.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • 60 GHz wideband LTCC microstrip patch antenna array with parasitic
           surrounding stacked patches
    • Authors: Hua-Juan Lee;Eric S. Li;Huayan Jin;Chung-Yi Li;Kuo-Sheng Chin;
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: This work presents a wideband 60 GHz microstrip patch antenna (MPA) array based on low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) multilayer technology. Four parasitic patches are stacked above the driven MPA. An additional resonant mode is excited by the proposed parasitic surrounding stacked patches (PSSPs) to enhance the bandwidth of the MPA. The structure of the PSSPs increases the gain of the MPA due to its array configuration. The proposed PSSP structure can find many applications in designs for large-scale antenna arrays because the PSSPs and the driven microstrip patch are distributed at different layers. This arrangement allows a direct feed network to the MPA without the blockage caused by the PSSPs. A 2 × 2 antenna array was designed and fabricated with the PSSPs to further increase its gain. The proposed array can achieve a gain of 10.5 dBi and a wide bandwidth of 27.3% at 60 GHz.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Marching-on-in-time solution of delayed PEEC models of conductive and
           dielectric objects
    • Authors: Carmine Gianfagna;Luigi Lombardi;Giulio Antonini;
      Pages: 42 - 47
      Abstract: In this work, a marching-on-time solver for time-domain simulation of partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) models of electromagnetic systems is presented. The PEEC method is based on the electric field integral equation and the continuity equation. It describes separate magnetic and electric field couplings in terms of partial inductances and coefficients of potential. When the propagation delay is taken into account, the enforcement of Kirchhoff current and voltage laws results in a set of delayed differential equations. Typically, in the PEEC method, currents and charges are expanded with rectangular basis functions in both time and space. In this work, higher order basis functions are used to expand currents and charges in time. The resulting TD-PEEC solver is tested by comparison with other solvers that operate in both the time- and the frequency-domain and exhibits a satisfactory accuracy and better stability properties.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Dual-band sensor–antenna design for low energy consumption/cost
           wireless sensor nodes
    • Authors: Rafik Khelladi;Farid Ghanem;Mustapha Djeddou;Mourad Nedil;
      Pages: 48 - 54
      Abstract: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of nodes with a limited power source. Reducing the energy consumption is an effective way to extend the lifespan of the sensor node. In this contribution, a new approach of designing of a new class radio frequency sensor-antenna for low energy consumption and low-cost wireless sensor nodes is proposed. Unlike the architecture of a conventional wireless sensor node, the proposed approach does not require any processor device that consumes power. It consists of integrating a capacitive sensor in a narrowband antenna that can send raw information, through its operating frequency which can be tuned depending on the value of the physical parameter to measure. As a result, a corresponding table between the resonant frequency of the sensor-antenna and the measured physical parameter is obtained. Furthermore, by using a dual-band antenna, the proposed configuration is able to measure, simultaneously, two physical parameters. A prototype of the sensor-antenna has been simulated and its behaviour has been validated with measurements. From the obtained results, it can be noted that the use of the proposed sensor-antenna can be a good alternative to reduce considerably the complexity and hence the cost of wireless sensor nodes for WSN applications.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Coupling between coils in the presence of conducting medium
    • Authors: Andrea Vallecchi;Son Chu;Laszlo Solymar;Christopher J. Stevens;Ekaterina Shamonina;
      Pages: 55 - 62
      Abstract: The authors have studied analytically by simulation and by experiment the impact of a conducting medium on the mutual inductance between two coils, in particular as related to the attenuation of magneto-inductive (MI) waves. To illustrate the physics, the distributions of both the magnetic field and the Poynting vector are determined. They show that the plane wave approach used in the literature for the theoretical description of MI attenuation has only limited validity. It is further found that the mutual inductance becomes a complex quantity, its modulus declining monotonically as a function of conductivity or medium thickness. Their results will be relevant for the design and optimisation of MI waveguide links in conducting media, in general, and particularly when the attenuation is caused by soil conductivity. The results can also be useful for practical applications including in vivo communication and wireless power transfer for medical implants.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Highly efficient dual-band GaN power amplifier utilising pin diode-based
           tunable harmonic load matching
    • Authors: Hasan Huseyin Kilic;Simsek Demir;
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: This study presents a tunable dual-band gallium nitride (GaN) power amplifier (PA) operating in L-band. The first band is aimed near the lower edge of the L-band, 1 GHz, and the second band is aimed near the upper edge of the L-band, 2 GHz, which is located around the second harmonic of the first band. A pin diode-based tunable load matching circuit is proposed and designed in order to present the optimum fundamental and harmonic load impedances to the transistor in both operating bands for maximum efficiency and output power. A method of controlling the tunable load matching circuit according to the input frequency is proposed by the design of a band-selective power detection circuit incorporated into the source matching circuit of the PA. The implemented PA delivers 41.5 dBm output power with 81.3% drain efficiency (DE) at 920 MHz and 41 dBm output power with 60.2% DE at 1720 MHz.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Performance enhancement of graphene plasmonic nanoantennas for THz
    • Authors: Sasmita Dash;Amalendu Patnaik;Brajesh Kumar Kaushik;
      Pages: 71 - 75
      Abstract: The concept and analysis of a graphene plasmonic nanoantenna over a SiO2/Si substrate at terahertz (THz) band are presented. The performance enhancement of the antenna is proposed by dynamically controlling the surface conductivity of graphene using an electric field effect. The controlling ability of graphene via gate voltage enables frequency reconfiguration of the antenna over a wide range of 2.56-4.98 THz. The performance merits of the antenna are its high directivity, broadside radiation pattern, low reflection coefficient, stable impedance and high miniaturisation. The proposed graphene plasmonic antenna has potential to be used for THz communication.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Design of spiral slot-based dual-wideband dual-sense CP antenna
    • Authors: Rui Xu;Jian-Ying Li;Jie Liu;Shi-Gang Zhou;Kun Wei;
      Pages: 76 - 81
      Abstract: A dual-wideband dual-sense circularly polarised (CP) planar slot antenna with a simple structure is presented and studied in this study. By etching a simple spiral slot on the planar ground, adopting an L-shaped strip as the radiator, and employing smooth transition structure, the dual-wideband impedance bandwidths (IBWs) and dual-wideband 3 dB axial-ratio bandwidths (ARBWs) of the proposed CP antenna can be easily realised. The measured 10 dB return loss IBWs is 111.1% (0.88-3.08 GHz) for the lower band [left-hand CP (LHCP)] and 42.1% (3.64-5.58 GHz) for the upper band [right-hand CP (RHCP)]. The measured 3-dB ARBWs is 92.9 and 39.4%, with respect to 1.83 GHz (LHCP) and 4.6 GHz (RHCP), respectively. The radiation patterns of this antenna are good within both two CP bands. This antenna is very suitable for multi-band communication systems for its dual-wideband CP performance.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Wideband tunable mid-infrared cross-polarisation converter using
           monolayered graphene-based metasurface over a wide angle of incidence
    • Authors: Vinit Singh Yadav;Sambit Kumar Ghosh;Santanu Das;Somak Bhattacharyya;
      Pages: 82 - 87
      Abstract: In this study, the authors have designed and proposed a monolayer graphene-based metasurface, performing as a broadband polarisation converter over a wide angle of incidence. The unit cell of the metasurface consists of split ring generated over a perforated single layer of graphene grown over metal-backed silicon dioxide. The structure converts incident linearly polarised wave into its cross-polarised component over a wide bandwidth with peak polarisation conversion exhibits value to unity. The plane of polarisation of the incident electromagnetic wave is rotated orthogonally on reflection from the proposed metasurface over full width at half maxima bandwidth around 72.83% compared with centre frequency of 2.16 THz, which can be maintained up to 40° incident angles under both transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarisations. The proposed structure is as thin as ~λ/7.3 with respect to lowermost frequency and the period of the structure is about λ/10.7. The frequency band of polarisation conversion can be tuned by altering chemical doping as well as the electrostatic grating of the graphene sheet. The structure can find applications toward sensing, spectroscopy etc.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • High efficient linear polariser using FSS structure
    • Authors: Fereshteh Samadi;Mohammad Akbari;Saman Zarbakhsh;Reza Chaharmir;Abdelrazik Sebak;
      Pages: 88 - 91
      Abstract: A linear polarisation converter surface with broadband and high-efficiency properties is proposed. The proposed frequency selective surface (FSS) polariser consists of two-corner-cut diagonal rectangular printed on a substrate backed by a pinwheel loop shape ground. The combination of two-corner-cut diagonal rectangular patch and pinwheel loop shape ground contributes to bandwidth expansion. Numerical results indicate that the FSS structure is capable of converting x or y polarised incident wave to the relevant cross-polarised wave in a wide frequency range from 7.5 to 24.5 GHz with a fractional bandwidth of 106% for -10 dB rxy reflection amplitude. In addition, the ryy and rxy reflection coefficients of the proposed unit-cell present slight variation for different incident angles up to 40°, which verifies the applicability of the proposed FSS structure in a practical environment. For experimental validation, a prototype of the FSS structure is fabricated and reflection parameters of the proposed structure are measured which agree well with corresponding simulations. Due to the minimal dependency on the angle of incidence and non-uniform ground plane the proposed polarisation converter unit-cell can be a possible choice for secure building applications.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Coupled-line trans-directional coupler with arbitrary power divisions for
           equal complex termination impedances
    • Authors: Hongmei Liu;Chenhui Xun;Shaojun Fang;Zhongbao Wang;Dong Liu;
      Pages: 92 - 98
      Abstract: In the study, a coupled line trans-directional (CL-TRD) coupler that allows for equal complex termination impedances with arbitrary power divisions is presented. It is composed of two pairs of coupled lines with an overall electrical length of 90°, two types of shunt capacitors and three pairs of short-circuited stubs. By adjusting the electrical length of each short-circuited stub, as well as the values of the shunt capacitors, arbitrary equal complex termination impedances and power divisions are achieved. Moreover, since capacitors are shunted between the coupled lines, the proposed CL-TRD coupler has an inherent feature of dc blocking. Design equations for the CL-TRD were derived using even-odd mode decomposition analysis. To validate the theory, several numerical examples extracted from the design procedure were listed. Eventually, two prototypes of the proposed CL-TRD coupler are fabricated, and experiments are carried out. The measured results indicate that the coupler is able to realise arbitrary power divisions for equal complex termination impedance with good matching and isolation.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • e-Textile embroidered wearable near-field communication RFID antennas
    • Authors: Yutong Jiang;Lulu Xu;Kewen Pan;Ting Leng;Yi Li;Laith Danoon;Zhirun Hu;
      Pages: 99 - 104
      Abstract: Wearable e-textile near-field communication (NFC) radio-frequency identification (RFID) antennas fully integrated with garments using embroidery techniques, which enables everyday clothing to become connective to wireless communication systems, is presented. The e-textile wearable antennas have been designed through full electromagnetic wave simulation based on the electrical properties of conductive threads and textile substrates at the high frequency band, allocated for NFC wireless communications. The e-textile wearable NFC antenna performance under mechanical bending as well as human body effects have been experimentally studied and evaluated; the antennas can operate under significantly bending angle and body effects attributed to its broad operating bandwidth. This is highly desirable and distinguished to conventional NFC antennas; the proposed e-textile wearable NFC antennas can be placed almost any place on clothes and still capable to communicate at the desired operating frequency of 13.56 MHz. The maximum read range of the e-textile wearable NFC tags is measured to be around 5.6 cm, being compatible to typical commercially available metallic NFC tags. The e-textile wearable NFC tags can lead to numerous potential applications such as information exchange, personal security, health monitoring and Internet of Things.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Maxwell Garnett theory limitations in the analysis of bi-anisotropic
    • Authors: Anton Kogan;Reuven Shavit;
      Pages: 105 - 111
      Abstract: The constitutive parameters of metamaterials composed of asymmetrical inclusions are inaccurate when calculated using Maxwell Garnett theory. In this study, the authors discuss some particular cases of metamaterials composed of asymmetrical inclusions to demonstrate this statement. The unit cell single element dyadic is derived numerically using the induced currents by incident plane waves and is computed by point matching method of moments. The composite effective parameters approximated by Maxwell Garnett model were used to obtain the reflection and transmission coefficients from a bulk slab. The derived results were compared to the simulated numerical results with High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) software. The scattering parameters from symmetrical and asymmetrical inclusions were compared and a parametric study was conducted. The scattering parameters are in good agreement when the material under consideration is composed of symmetrical inclusions and hold even for higher frequencies than Maxwell Garnett model theory limits. For asymmetrical inclusions the model provides inaccurate scattering parameters results. This discrepancy is especially pronounced when the illuminating field polarisation coincides with the inclusion asymmetry direction. These observations should be considered when Maxwell Garnett model is used for effective parameters analytical approximation.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Improved design of a SIW long slot leaky wave antenna with low SLL
    • Authors: Amin Mahmoodi Malekshah;Mohammad Saeed Majedi;Amir Reza Attari;
      Pages: 112 - 117
      Abstract: This study presents a new design for the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) long slot leaky wave antenna (LWA) with narrow beam, low side lobe level (SLL) and low cross-polarisation. To meet these specifications, the changes of phase constant, β, along the structure are compensated, the required leakage constant, αr, is determined more accurately by considering the loss and a straight slot along the antenna is used. In order to calculate the leakage constant of the leaky-mode more accurately, thru-reflect-line method along with HFSS simulations is used. By properly determining the shape of SIW walls, the amount of leakage along the slot and the phase constant can be controlled. This results in a desired aperture amplitude and phase distribution. The presented LWA realises a Taylor distribution with a predefined SLL of -25 dB. Such a design also leads to a low cross-polarisation level and narrow beam at centre frequency of 17 GHz. The measurement results are consistent with the simulation results.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Implementation of loop co-tree basis functions for EFIE formulation at low
    • Authors: Seung Mo Seo;
      Pages: 118 - 121
      Abstract: In this study, a method of moments (MoM) of electric field integral equation (EFIE) formulation using the loop co-tree basis functions has been implemented, analysed, and applied to the electromagnetic solution of perfect electric conducting objects at low frequency. The EFIE with Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) basis functions suffer from low-frequency instability. Even for an appropriate frequency, the EFIE with RWG basis functions is ill-posed. However, the matrix form of the EFIE with loop co-tree basis functions is well-conditioned when combined with an iterative solver such as a type of Krylov subspace methods. The approach is shown to be very effective for resolving both the low-frequency instability and the ill-condition of the MoM matrix with a generalised minimal residual method.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
  • Computation of available RF power inside the body and path loss using in
           vivo experiments
    • Authors: Sajid M. Asif;Jared W. Hansen;Adnan Iftikhar;Daniel L. Ewert;Benjamin D. Braaten;
      Pages: 122 - 126
      Abstract: A radio frequency (RF)-based medical device implanted deep inside a human body can be wirelessly powered using RF energy. However, this method experiences loss in the form of attenuation and absorption, which is caused by the lossy human body. The need for a path loss (PL) model is, therefore, necessary to characterise these losses. This study presents a novel PL method, which is based on the S21 measurements, obtained from a series of experiments on two different Dorset breed ovine models. Also, the uncertainty analysis of the equipment has been performed and the available RF power inside the body at a proposed implant location has been computed. The results are then used to develop and propose an equivalent model for PL in an anechoic chamber. Overall, an approximate PL of 3.5 dB/cm in the ovine body was measured at 1.2 GHz. Moreover, it was concluded that with the inevitable errors in the equipment, the total PL for 6 cm deep implant location was ~21 dB with an uncertainty of 2.034 dB. The PL model presented is novel and has a great potential for applications in the design and development of RF-based implantable devices, especially leadless pacemakers.
      PubDate: 1 9 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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