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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 175 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 104)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 91)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nano Devices, Sensors and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.218
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 12  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0916-8524 - ISSN (Online) 1745-1353
Published by Institute of Electronics, Information and Communications Engineers Homepage  [4 journals]
    • Abstract: Naoki MATSUDA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.99-99
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Emission Enhancement of Water-Soluble Porphyrin Immobilized in DNA
           Ultrathin Films by Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance of Gold
    • Abstract: Hiroya MORITA,Hideki KAWAI,Kenji TAKEHARA,Naoki MATSUDA,Toshihiko NAGAMURA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.100-106
      Photophysical properties of water-soluble porphyrin were studied in aqueous solutions with/without DNA and in DNA solid films. Ultrathin films were prepared from aqueous DNA solutions by a spin-coating method on glass or on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Remarkable enhancement of phosphorescence was observed for porphyrin immobilized in DNA films spin-coated on AuNPs, which was attributed to the electric field enhancement and the increased radiative rate by localized surface plasmon resonance of AuNPs.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Photon Upconversion Dyes System with Red to Yellow Wavelength Conversion
    • Abstract: Hirokazu YAMANE,Mayo KAWAHARA,Genta TAKATOKI,Masataka TAGUCHI,Yasuhiro YAMASAKI,Toshihiko NAGAMURA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.107-112
      Photon upconversion (UC) is a technique to convert long wavelength light into short wavelength light. UC fluorescence by triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) follows a mechanism involving two kinds of molecules as sensitizer and emitter. In this study, we constructed the photon UC dyes system that was applicable to weak excitation light and convert the red light into yellow light in high efficiency. The present result will be useful for the purpose of application to optical elements and light medical care.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Probing Internal Electric Field in Organic Photoconductors by Using
           Electric-Field-Induced Optical Second-Harmonic Generation
    • Abstract: Dai TAGUCHI,Takaaki MANAKA,Mitsumasa IWAMOTO,Kazuko SAKUMA,Kaname WATARIGUCHI,Masataka KAWAHARA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.113-118
      Organic photoconductors (OPC) have been an important research and development topics for high quality electrophotography. By using electric field induced optical second harmonic generation (EFISHG) measurement, we can probe carrier processes in electrophotographic processes such as photo carrier generation, carrier separation, and carrier transportation for copier image production. We here selectively probe charge generation and accumulation in charge generation layer and charge transport layer in multilayer structure OPCs. We studied charge accumulation in OPC under illumination (wavelength 635nm) of double-layer-type OPC with structure of hole transport layer coated on charge generation layer. The result showed that light absorption efficiently produces free holes and electrons in the charge generation layer, followed by excessive hole accumulation at the CG/CT interface due to photo-conducting effect of CG layer. The short-wavelength irradiation at 405nm induced photovoltaic effect. These results demonstrated that the EFISHG measurement is useful to selectively probe carrier process in one layer of the multilayer OPC and to the discussion of carrier process for electrophotographic image productions.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Spectroscopic Study of Electric Field Induced Optical Second Harmonic
           Generation from PCPDTBT and PC71BM Thin Films
    • Abstract: Ibrahim M. ALROUGY,Dai TAGUCHI,Takaaki MANAKA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.119-124
      Electric field induced optical second harmonic generation (EFISHG) measurement at the laser wavelength of 1000nm and 1080nm is conducted to investigate the carrier behaviors in PCPDTBT and PC71BM bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs). We find that the response time for electrode charging through the external circuit in +1V and -1V are almost identical but the response time for the Maxwell-Wagner-type interfacial charging is different in +1V or -1V. We find that the accumulated charges of PC71BM is more than the accumulated charges of PCPDTBT and consequently affects the efficiency of the bulk heterojunction OSCs.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Detection of Human Immunoglobulin G by Transmission Surface Plasmon
           Resonance Using the In Situ Gold Nanoparticle Growth Method
    • Abstract: Theerasak JUAGWON,Chutiparn LERTVACHIRAPAIBOON,Kazunari SHINBO,Keizo KATO,Toemsak SRIKHIRIN,Tanakorn OSOTCHAN,Akira BABA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.125-131
      In this work, we report the in situ growth of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for the improvement of a transmission surface plasmon resonance (T-SPR) sensor to detect human immunoglobulin G (IgG). Human IgG was immobilized on an activated self-assembled monolayer of 11-mercaptoundecanoic on a gold-coated grating substrate. The T-SPR system was also used to monitor the construction of sensor chips as well as the binding of IgG and anti-IgG conjugated with AuNPs. After specific adsorption with IgG, the T-SPR signal was further enhanced by the in situ growth of AuNPs bound with anti-IgG. Using AuNP conjugation and in situ growth of bound AuNPs, the sensitivity of the IgG immunosensor was improved by two orders of magnitude compared with that without conjugated AuNPs.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Hole Transport Property of α-phenyl-4'-(diphenylamino)stilbene
           Single Crystal Prepared Based on Solubility and Supersolubility Curves
    • Abstract: Mitsuhiko KATAGIRI,Shofu MATSUDA,Norio NAGAYAMA,Minoru UMEDA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.132-137
      We describe the preparation of an α-phenyl-4'-(diphenylamino)stilbene (TPA) single crystal and the evaluation of its hole transport property. Based on the characterization using optical microscopy, polarizing microscopy, and X-ray diffraction, a large-scale TPA single crystal of dimensions 7.0×0.9×0.8mm is successfully synthesized using a solution method based on the solubility and supersolubility curves of the TPA. Notably, the current in the long-axis direction is larger than those in the short-axis and thickness directions (i(long) > i(short) > i(thickness)), which reveals the anisotropic charge transfer of the TPA single crystal. The observed anisotropic conductivity is well explained by the orientation of the triphenylamine unit in the TPA single crystal. Furthermore, the activation energy of the long-axis direction in the TPA single crystal is lower than that of the short-axis in TPA and all the axes in the α-phenyl-4'-[bis(4-methylphenyl)amino]stilbene single crystal reported in our previous study.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • AuGe-Alloy Source and Drain Formation by the Lift-Off Process for the
           Scaling of Bottom-Contact Type Pentacene-Based OFETs
    • Abstract: Shun-ichiro OHMI,Mizuha HIROKI,Yasutaka MAEDA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.138-142
      The AuGe-alloy source and drain (S/D) formed on SiO2/Si(100) by the lithography process was investigated for the scaling of the organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) with bottom-contact geometry. The S/D was fabricated by the lift-off process utilizing the resist of OFPR. The OFETs with minimum channel length of 2.4 µm was successfully fabricated by the lift-off process. The fabrication yield of Au S/D was 57%, while it was increased to 93% and 100% in case of the Au-1%Ge and Au-7.4%Ge S/D, respectively. Although the mobility of the OFETs with Au-7.4%Ge S/D was decreased to 1.1×10-3 cm2/(Vs), it was able to be increased to 5.5×10-2 cm2/(Vs) by the surface cleaning utilizing H2SO4/H2O2 mixture solution (SPM) and post metallization annealing (PMA) after lift-off process, which was higher than that of OFET with Au S/D.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • How to Decide Window-Sizes of Smoothing Methods: A Goodness of Fit
           Criterion for Smoothing Oscillation Data
    • Abstract: Kenichi SHIBATA,Takashi AMEMIYA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.143-146
      Organic electronics devices can be applicable to implant sensors. The noises in the acquired data can be removed by smoothing using sliding windows. We developed a new criterion for window-size decision based on smoothness and similarity (SSC). The smoothed curve fits the raw data well and is sufficiently smooth.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Organic Thin Film-Assisted Copper Electroless Plating on
           Flat/Microstructured Silicone Substrates
    • Abstract: Tomoya SATO,Narendra SINGH,Roland HÖNES,Chihiro URATA,Yasutaka MATSUO,Atsushi HOZUMI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.147-150
      Copper (Cu) electroless plating was conducted on planar and microstructured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates. In this study, organic thin films terminated with nitrogen (N)-containing groups, e.g. poly (dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) brush (PDMAEMA), aminopropyl trimethoxysilane monolayer (APTES), and polydopamine (PDA) were used to anchor palladium (Pd) catalyst. While electroless plating was successfully promoted on all sample surfaces, PDMAEMA was found to achieve the best adhesion strength to the PDMS surfaces, compared to APTES- and PDA-covered PDMS substrates, due to covalent bonding, anchoring effects of polymer chains as well as high affinity of N atoms to Pd species. Our process was also successfully applied to the electroless plating of microstructured PDMS substrates.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Enzymatic Biofuel Cell Using Grooved Gel of Fructose between
           Graphene-Coated Carbon Fiber Cloth Electrodes
    • Abstract: Kenta KUROISHI,Toshinari
      DOI ,Yusuke YONAHA,Iku KUSAJIMA,Yasushiro NISHIOKA,Satomitsu IMAI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.151-154
      Improvement of output and lifetime is a problem for biofuel cells. A structure was adopted in which gelation mixed with agarose and fuel (fructose) was sandwiched by electrodes made of graphene-coated carbon fiber. The electrode surface not contacting the gel was exposed to air. In addition, grooves were added to the gel surface to further increase the oxygen supply. The power density of the fuel cell was examined in terms of the electrode area exposed to air. The output increased almost in proportion to the area of the electrode exposed to air. Optimization of the concentration of fuel, gel, and the amount of enzyme at the cathode were also examined. The maximum power density in the proposed system was approximately 121μW/cm2, an enhancement of approximately 2.5 times that in the case of using liquid fuel. For the power density after 24h, the fuel gel was superior to the fuel liquid.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Enzyme-Type Biofuel Cell Using
           Electrode Modified with Two DET-Type Enzymes by Covalent Bonding
    • Abstract: Hiroki FUJITA,Yasushiro NISHIOKA,Satomitsu IMAI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.155-158
      The demand for enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) as power sources or auxiliary power sources for small devices is expected to increase in the near future. EBFCs have advanced properties and do not require a separator, depending on the substrate specificity of the enzyme. Two direct electron transfer (DET)-type enzymes were used to modify anodes (length 5mm, width 4mm) by a chemical modification method using a condensation agent. The DET-type enzymes used in this study were pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) with glucose as a reaction substrate and fructose dehydrogenase (FDH) using fructose as a reaction substrate. Carboxyl groups were attached to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) that act as catalyst carriers, activated to other functional groups, and reacted with the amino groups of the enzyme by the condensation agent to form covalent bonds. As a result, the upper limit of the concentration, considered to be the reaction limit, was raised as compared with that of EBFC modified with only one kind of enzyme for each electrode prepared by the same process. The output voltage was 0.155V, and the maximum power density was 80.08µW/cm2.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Enzymatic Biofuel Cell Using Graphene Electrodes with Improved Interfacial
           Electron Transfer
    • Abstract: Kenta KUROISHI,Toshinari
      DOI ,Kazuki HOSHI,Kazuo MURAMATSU,Yasushiro NISHIOKA,Satomitsu IMAI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.159-163
      In this study, we optimized the reforming of bilirubin oxidase (BOD) using graphene-coated carbon fiber woven fabric (GCFC) as an electrode, and The performance of the cathode in which synthesized 1-pyrene butyric acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (PBSE) and 2,5-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1-H-pyrrole-3-carbaldehyde (DPPC) were added, was evaluated. In addition, the prototype evaluation of the atmospheric-exposure-type ascorbic acid enzyme biofuel cell (AAEBFC) using the improved GCFC cathode was performed. The area of both the anode and cathode electrodes was 5mm × 5mm. No modification was performed to the anode, and only the cathode was coated with the enzyme BOD. In the work, for the AAEBFC using the BOD-modified cathode, an output of 238.5µW/cm2 was obtained at 0.245V. Further, in the AAEBFC using the DPPC-PBSE-BOD-modified cathode, an output of 338.8µW/cm2 was obtained at 0.292V. The output in this work was improved by approximately 1.4 times by the additives.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Biodegradable Neural Cell Culture Sheet Made of Polyanhydride thin Film
           with Micro-Trench Structures
    • Abstract: Yuki NAKAMURA,Satomitsu IMAI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.164-167
      Technological developments in direction control of axonal outgrowth are a must for advances in regenerative medicine of the nervous system. In order to solve the problem, we fabricate a new neural cell culture sheet by applying the soft lithography technique to micro-patterning of the extracellular matrix and using thin-film biodegradable polymer for the scaffold. Micro-trenches were coated with Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (-) containing laminin, using micro-molding in capillaries (MIMIC), a soft lithography technique. Biodegradable thin films with micro-trenches were fabricated by UV-curing a polyanhydride solution covering the negative SU-8 mold through thiol-ene polymerization. Both approaches were performed conveniently, rapidly, and accurately. It is thought that these techniques are excellent in terms of convenience and high speed, and can contribute greatly to regenerative medicine.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Gap States of a Polyethylene Model Oligomer Observed by Using
           High-Sensitivity Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy
    • Abstract: Yuki YAMAGUCHI,Kohei SHIMIZU,Atsushi MATSUZAKI,Daisuke SANO,Tomoya SATO,Yuya TANAKA,Hisao ISHII, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.168-171
      The gap states of tetratetracontane (C44H90; TTC), which is a model oligomer of polyethylene, was examined by using high-sensitivity UV photoemission spectroscopy (HS-UPS). The high sensitivity enabled us to directly observe the weak gap states distributed in the HOMO-LUMO gap from the valence band top to 3.0 eV below the vacuum level. On the basis of the density-of-states derived from UPS results, the tribocharging nature of polyethylene was discussed in comparison with our previous result for nylon-6,6 film.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Influence of Polarity of Polarization Charge Induced by Spontaneous
           Orientation of Polar Molecules on Electron Injection in Organic
           Semiconductor Devices
    • Abstract: Yuya TANAKA,Takahiro MAKINO,Hisao ISHII, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.172-175
      On surfaces of tris-(8-hydroxyquinolate) aluminum (Alq) and tris(7-propyl-8-hydroxyquinolinato) aluminum (Al7p) thin-films, positive and negative polarization charges appear, respectively, owing to spontaneous orientation of these polar molecules. Alq is a typical electron transport material where electrons are injected from cathode. Because the polarization charge exists at the Alq/cathode interface, it is likely that it affects the electron injection process because of Coulomb interaction. In order to evaluate an impact of polarization charge on electron injection from cathode, electron only devices (EODs) composed of Alq or Al7p were prepared and evaluated by displacement current measurement. We found that Alq-EOD has lower resistance than Al7p-EOD, indicating that the positive polarization charge at Alq/cathode interface enhances the electron injection due to Coulomb attraction, while the electron injection is suppressed by the negative polarization charge at the Al7p/Al interface. These results clearly suggest that it is necessary to design organic semiconductor devices by taking polarization charge into account.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Application of Gold Powder Made from Gold Leaf for Conductive Inks
    • Abstract: Sayaka YAMASHITA,Heisuke SAKAI,Hideyuki MURATA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.176-179
      In this work, gold powder made from gold leaf investigated to have the potential as a filler of conductive ink. The resistance of a conductive film decreased from 6.2kΩ to 1 Ω by adding only 2.0wt% of gold powder to conductive polymer (PEDOT:PSS) ink. The change of the resistance depends on the characteristics of gold powder. Gold powder with smaller and uniform sizes and good dispersibility is beneficial to form a continuous percolation network.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Patterning of OLED Glass Substrate for Improving Light Outcoupling
    • Abstract: Savanna LLOYD,Tatsuya TANIGAWA,Heisuke SAKAI,Hideyuki MURATA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.180-183
      In this work, we have successfully patterned OLED glass substrates with a novel Yb-doped femtosecond laser. Such patterns can simultaneously increase the outcoupling efficiency up to 24.4%, as a result of reducing substrate waveguided light by scattering at the substrate/air interface and reduce the viewing angle dependence of the electroluminescent spectra.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Control of Threshold Voltage and Low-Voltage Operation in Organic Field
           Effect Transistor
    • Abstract: Yasuyuki ABE,Heisuke SAKAI,Toan Thanh DAO,Hideyuki MURATA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.184-187
      We report the control of threshold voltage (Vth) for low voltage (5V) operation in OFET by using double gate dielectric layers composed of poly (vinyl cinnamate) and SiO2. We succeeded in realizing a driving voltage of -5V and Vth shift by c.a. 1.0V. And programmed Vth was almost unchanged for 104s, where the relative change of Vth remains more than 99%.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Fabrication of the Flexible Dual-Gate OFET Based Organic Pressure Sensor
    • Abstract: Tatsuya ISHIKAWA,Heisuke SAKAI,Hideyuki MURATA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.188-191
      We have developed the flexible dual-gate OFET based pressure sensor using a thin polyethylene naphthalate (PEN, 25 µm) film as a substrate. The performance was equivalent to that fabricated on the glass substrate, and it could also be used on the curved surface. Drain current in the flexible pressure sensor was increased according to the pressure load without application of gate voltage. The magnitude of the change in drain current with respect to pressure application was about 2.5 times larger than that for the device on the glass substrate.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Peptide Addition Effect of the Active Layer Precursor Solution Containing
           Poor Solvent on Photoelectrochemical Characteristics of the Thin Film
           Organic Photovoltaic Cells
    • Abstract: Hirokazu YAMANE,Shinji SHINDO, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.192-195
      The thin film organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) using organic semiconductors are inferior to oxgen-resistance and water-resistance, and the OPVs have a drawback that the photoelectric conversion efficiency (η) is low. For high efficiency of the OPVs, control of bulk heterojunction (BHJ) structure in the active layer is demanded. Therefore, it is thought that we can control the BHJ structure easily if we can bring a change in the aggregated structure and the crystallinity of the BHJ structure by introducing the third component that is different from the organic semiconductor into the activity layer. In this study, we introduced peptide consisting of phenylalanine of 2 molecules into the active layer prepared by poor solvent addition effect for the organic thin film solar cells and intended to try high efficiency of the organic thin film solar cells and examined the electrochemistry characteristic of the cells.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Semitransparent Organic Solar Cells with Polyethylenimine Ethoxylated
           Interfacial Layer Using Lamination Process
    • Abstract: Keisuke SHODA,Masahiro MORIMOTO,Shigeki NAKA,Hiroyuki OKADA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.196-198
      Semitransparent organic solar cells were fabricated using lamination process. The devices were realized by using two independent substrates with transparent indium-tin-oxide electrode. One substrate was coated with poly(ethylenedioxy-thiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate) layer and active layer of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) and (6,6)-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester mixture. Another substrate was coated with ultra-thin polyethylenimine ethoxylated. The two substrates were laminated using hot press system. The device exhibited semitransparency and showed typical photovoltaic characteristics with open voltage of 0.59 V and short circuit current of 2.9 mA/cm2.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Electrophoretic Co-Deposition of Alumina-Resin Composites on Metal
           Substrate Using Polydimethylsiloxane-Based Organic-Inorganic Hybrid
           Materials as Binders
    • Abstract: Yusuke AOKI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.199-202
      Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) usingpolydimethylsiloxane(PDMS)-based organic-inorganic hybrid materials as binders can be used to prepare alumina-binder composites on metal substrates. Herein, we investigated the deposition mechanism of PDMS-based polymers. The composition and porosity of EPD composites can be controlled by adjusting the EPD condition, and shape of alumina particles.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • In situ Observation of Capturing BTB Molecules from Aqueous Solutions with
           Hydrophobic DNA Nano-Film
    • Abstract: Naoki MATSUDA,Hirotaka OKABE,Ayako OMURA,Miki NAKANO,Koji MIYAKE,Toshihiko NAGAMURA,Hideki KAWAI, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.203-206
      Hydrophobic DNA (H-DNA) nano-film was formed on a thin glass plate of 50μm thick working as a slab optical waveguide. Bromothymol blue (BTB) molecules were immobilized from aqueous solution with direct contacting to the H-DNA nano-film for 20 minutes. From changes in absorption spectra observed with slab optical wave guide (SOWG) during automated solution exchange (SE) processes for 100 times, it was found that about 95% of bromothymol blue (BTB) molecules was immobilized in the H-DNA nano-film with keeping their functionality of color change responsible to pH change in the solution.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
  • Field-Emission from Finely Nicked Structures on n-Type Silicon Substrate
           Formed by Sandblasting Process
    • Abstract: Tomomi YOSHIMOTO,Tatsuo IWATA, Vol.E102-C, No.2, pp.207-210
      Finely textured structures on a silicon surface were fabricated to act as field emitters via simple sandblasting using fine Al2O3 particles. Tests confirmed that the finely nicked structures function well as efficient field emitters. The emission current obeys the Fowler-Nordheim relationship, with a low electric field threshold. The fluctuation of the emission current was inversely proportional to the square root of the average emission current, and the long-term drift of the emission current was about 1% per hour at the average emission current of 108µA in the pressure range of 10-5Pa, indicating that the emitter offers a stable current output.
      Publication Date: 2019/02/01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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