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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 175 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 104)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 91)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nano Devices, Sensors and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.977
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 19  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1051-8215
Published by IEEE Homepage  [191 journals]
  • IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology publication
    • Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology publication
    • Abstract: Presents information on various SSCS Society chapters.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Multi-Layer Frame Rate Up-Conversion Using Trilateral Filtering for
           Multi-View Video
    • Authors: Yoonmo Yang;Jin Hyung Hong;Byung Tae Oh;
      Pages: 283 - 292
      Abstract: Frame rate up-conversion (FRUC) is a technology for generating a higher frame rate video from one with a lower frame rate. The multi-view plus depth map (MVD) system has been recently considered a promising solution for three-dimensional video systems. Accordingly, an FRUC efficient solution for the MVD system is greatly needed. In this paper, we thus propose an FRUC approach that considers the MVD system characteristics. It divides a frame into multiple layers using a depth map, and it reconstructs occluded regions using neighboring views and depth map information. With reconstructed information, it accurately performs motion estimation when a region occlusion occurs. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method significantly improved the quality of interpolated frames, and it can effectively complement other conventional FRUC approaches.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Temporal Frame Interpolation With Motion-Divergence-Guided Occlusion
    • Authors: Dominic Rüfenacht;Reji Mathew;David Taubman;
      Pages: 293 - 307
      Abstract: We present a high-quality temporal frame interpolation (TFI) method that employs piecewise-smooth motion and handles disoccluded regions using the observation that motion discontinuities travel with the foreground object. We derive a “motion discontinuity” likelihood map from the divergence of a motion field between the input frames. Motion which is modeled at the reference frame is mapped to the target frame using a cellular-affine mapping strategy—a process during which regions of disocclusion are readily observed. This information is then used to guide the occlusion-aware, bidirectional FI process. Furthermore, we propose two computationally inexpensive texture optimizations that selectively improve the quality of the interpolated frames in regions around moving objects. The scheme produces very high-quality interpolated frames and outperforms current high-quality state-of-the-art TFI schemes by 2–2.5 dB; the method works with a very low-complexity motion estimation scheme and runs orders of magnitudes faster than its competitors.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Increasing Imaging Resolution by Non-Regular Sampling and Joint Sparse
           Deconvolution and Extrapolation
    • Authors: Jürgen Seiler;Markus Jonscher;Thomas Ussmueller;André Kaup;
      Pages: 308 - 322
      Abstract: Increasing the resolution of image sensors has been a never ending struggle since many years. In this paper, we propose a novel image sensor layout, which allows for the acquisition of images at a higher resolution and improved quality. For this, the image sensor makes use of non-regular sampling, which reduces the impact of aliasing. Therewith, it allows for capturing details, which would not be possible with state-of-the-art sensors of the same number of pixels. The non-regular sampling is achieved by rotating prototype pixel cells in a non-regular fashion. As not the whole area of the pixel cell is sensitive to light, a non-regular spatial integration of the incident light is obtained. Based on the sensor output data, a high-resolution image can be reconstructed by performing a deconvolution with respect to the integration area and an extrapolation of the information to the insensitive regions of the pixels. To solve this challenging task, we introduce a novel joint sparse deconvolution and extrapolation algorithm. The union of non-regular sampling and the proposed reconstruction allows for achieving a higher resolution and therewith an improved imaging quality.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • BLIQUE-TMI: Blind Quality Evaluator for Tone-Mapped Images Based on Local
           and Global Feature Analyses
    • Authors: Qiuping Jiang;Feng Shao;Weisi Lin;Gangyi Jiang;
      Pages: 323 - 335
      Abstract: High dynamic range (HDR) image, which has a powerful capacity to represent the wide dynamic range of real-world scenes, has been receiving attention from both academic and industrial communities. Although HDR imaging devices have become prevalent, the display devices for HDR images are still limited. To facilitate the visualization of HDR images in standard low dynamic range displays, many different tone mapping operators (TMOs) have been developed. To create a fair comparison of different TMOs, this paper proposes a BLInd QUality Evaluator to blindly predict the quality of Tone-Mapped Images (BLIQUE-TMI) without accessing the corresponding HDR versions. BLIQUE-TMI measures the quality of TMIs by considering the following aspects: 1) visual information; 2) local structure; and 3) naturalness. To be specific, quality-aware features related to the former two aspects are extracted in a local manner based on sparse representation, while quality-aware features related to the third aspect are derived based on global statistics modeling in both intensity and color domains. All the extracted local and global quality-aware features constitute a final feature vector. An emergent machine learning technique, i.e., extreme learning machine, is adopted to learn a quality predictor from feature space to quality space. The superiority of BLIQUE-TMI to several leading blind IQA metrics is well demonstrated on two benchmark databases.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • $alpha$+ -Positive+Region+Reduction&rft.title=IEEE+Transactions+on+Circuits+and+Systems+for+Video+Technology&rft.issn=1051-8215&;&rft.aufirst=Yuanyuan&;Xiangyang+Luo;Xiaolong+Li;Zhenkun+Bao;Yi+Zhang;">Selection of Rich Model Steganalysis Features Based on Decision Rough Set
           $alpha$ -Positive Region Reduction
    • Authors: Yuanyuan Ma;Xiangyang Luo;Xiaolong Li;Zhenkun Bao;Yi Zhang;
      Pages: 336 - 350
      Abstract: Steganography detection based on Rich Model features is a hot research direction in steganalysis. However, rich model features usually result a large computation cost. To reduce the dimension of steganalysis features and improve the efficiency of steganalysis algorithm, differing from previous works that normally proposed new feature extraction algorithm, this paper proposes a general steganalysis feature selection method based on decision rough set $alpha$ -positive region reduction. First, it is pointed out that decision rough set $alpha$ -positive region reduction is suitable for steganalysis feature selection. Second, a quantization method of attribute separability is proposed to measure the separability of steganalysis feature components. Third, steganalysis feature components selection algorithm based on decision rough set $alpha$ -positive region reduction is given; thus, stego images can be detected by the selected feature. The proposed method can significantly reduce the feature dimensions and maintain detection accuracy. Based on the BOSSbase-1.01 image database of 10 000 images, a series of feature selection experiments are carried on two kinds of typical rich model features (35263-D J+SRM feature and 17000-D GFR feature). The results show that even though these two kinds of features are reduced to approximately 8000-D, the detection performance of steganalysis algorithms based on the selected features are also maintained with that of original features, which will remarkably improve the efficiency of feature extraction and stego image detection.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • New Framework of Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted JPEG Bitstreams
    • Authors: Zhenxing Qian;Haisheng Xu;Xiangyang Luo;Xinpeng Zhang;
      Pages: 351 - 362
      Abstract: This paper proposes a novel framework of reversible data hiding in encrypted JPEG bitstream. We first provide a JPEG encryption algorithm to encipher a JPEG image to a smaller size and keep the format compliant to JPEG decoders. After an image owner uploads the encrypted JPEG bitstreams to cloud storage, the server embeds additional messages into the ciphertext to construct a marked encrypted JPEG bitstream. During data hiding, we propose a combined embedding algorithm including two stages, the Huffman code mapping and the ordered histogram shifting. The embedding procedure is reversible. When an authorized user requires a downloading operation, the server extracts additional messages from the marked encrypted JPEG bitstream and recovers the original encrypted bitstream losslessly. After downloading, the user obtains the original JPEG bitstream by a direct decryption. The proposed framework outperforms previous works on reversible data hiding in encrypted images. First, since the tasks of data embedding/extraction and bitstream recovery are all accomplished by the server, the image owner and the authorized user are required to implement no extra operations except JPEG encryption or decryption. Second, the embedding payload is larger than state-of-the-art works.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Reversible Data Hiding in Color Image With Grayscale Invariance
    • Authors: Dongdong Hou;Weiming Zhang;Kejiang Chen;Sian-Jheng Lin;Nenghai Yu;
      Pages: 363 - 374
      Abstract: Different from all the previous reversible data hiding schemes, a completely novel one for the color image is proposed, which reversibly embeds messages into the color host image without modifying its corresponding gray version. The property of grayscale invariance is valuable, because many applications and image processing algorithms for color images are based on the corresponding gray versions, such as black and white printing, producing reading materials for color blind people, single-channel image processing, and so on. Thus, in terms of these applications and image processing algorithms, the presented scheme will make the generated color marked image be free for its further uses. In this paper, the unchanged gray version is utilized efficiently in both the embedding processes and the extracting processes. Messages are embedded into the red and blue channels of color image, and then the green channel is adjusted adaptively to remove the offsets from the gray version caused by modifying its red and blue channels. To return the adjusted green channel, error correcting bits guaranteeing the reversibility are regarded as one part of payloads to be recursively embedded. Therefore, the reversibility and the property of grayscale invariance are both achieved.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Direction Selective Contour Detection for Salient Objects
    • Authors: Andrea Manno-Kovacs;
      Pages: 375 - 389
      Abstract: The active contour model is a widely used technique for automatic object contour extraction. Existing methods based on this model can perform with high accuracy, even in the case of complex contours, but challenging issues remain, like the need for precise contour initialization for high curvature boundary segments or the handling of cluttered backgrounds. To deal with such issues, this paper presents a salient object extraction method, the first step of which is the introduction of an improved edge map that incorporates edge direction as a feature. The direction information in the small neighborhoods of image feature points is extracted, and the images’ prominent orientations are defined for direction-selective edge extraction. Using such improved edge information, we provide a highly accurate shape contour representation, which we also combine with texture features. The principle of the paper is to interpret an object as the fusion of its components: its extracted contour and its inner texture. Our goal in fusing textural and structural information is twofold: it is applied for automatic contour initialization, and it is also used to establish an improved external force field. This fusion then produces highly accurate salient object extractions. We performed extensive evaluations, which confirm that the presented object extraction method outperforms parametric active contour models and achieves higher efficiency than the majority of the evaluated automatic saliency methods.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Robust Sparse Linear Discriminant Analysis
    • Authors: Jie Wen;Xiaozhao Fang;Jinrong Cui;Lunke Fei;Ke Yan;Yan Chen;Yong Xu;
      Pages: 390 - 403
      Abstract: Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a very popular supervised feature extraction method and has been extended to different variants. However, classical LDA has the following problems: 1) The obtained discriminant projection does not have good interpretability for features; 2) LDA is sensitive to noise; and 3) LDA is sensitive to the selection of number of projection directions. In this paper, a novel feature extraction method called robust sparse linear discriminant analysis (RSLDA) is proposed to solve the above problems. Specifically, RSLDA adaptively selects the most discriminative features for discriminant analysis by introducing the $l_{2,1}$ norm. An orthogonal matrix and a sparse matrix are also simultaneously introduced to guarantee that the extracted features can hold the main energy of the original data and enhance the robustness to noise, and thus RSLDA has the potential to perform better than other discriminant methods. Extensive experiments on six databases demonstrate that the proposed method achieves the competitive performance compared with other state-of-the-art feature extraction methods. Moreover, the proposed method is robust to the noisy data.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Maximum Correntropy Criterion-Based Sparse Subspace Learning for
           Unsupervised Feature Selection
    • Authors: Nan Zhou;Yangyang Xu;Hong Cheng;Zejian Yuan;Badong Chen;
      Pages: 404 - 417
      Abstract: High-dimensional data contain not only redundancy but also noises produced by the sensors. These noises are usually non-Gaussian distributed. The metrics based on Euclidean distance are not suitable for these situations in general. In order to select the useful features and combat the adverse effects of the noises simultaneously, a robust sparse subspace learning method in unsupervised scenario is proposed in this paper based on the maximum correntropy criterion that shows strong robustness against outliers. Furthermore, an iterative strategy based on half quadratic and an accelerated block coordinate update is proposed. The convergence analysis of the proposed method is also carried out to ensure the convergence to a reliable solution. Extensive experiments are conducted on real-world data sets to show that the new method can filter out the outliers and outperform several state-of-the-art unsupervised feature selection methods.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Weak to Strong Detector Learning for Simultaneous Classification and
    • Authors: Xiaopeng Zhang;Hongkai Xiong;Weiyao Lin;Qi Tian;
      Pages: 418 - 432
      Abstract: This paper aims at learning discriminative part detectors with only image-level labels. To this end, we need to develop effective technologies for both pattern mining and detection learning. Different from previous methods, which train part detectors in one step, we divide the detector learning process into two stages and formulate it as a weak to strong learning framework. In particular, we first learn exemplar detectors from the unaligned patterns and perform a detector-based spectral clustering to produce weak detectors that are only responsible for a few discriminative patterns. In this way, the weak detectors are able to offer right initial patterns for strong detector learning. Second, we learn strong detectors with patterns discovered from the weak detectors, which we formulate as a confidence-loss sparse multiple instance learning (cls-MIL) task. The cls-MIL considers the diversity of positive samples while avoiding drifting away from the well localized ones by assigning a confidence value to each positive sample. The responses of the learned detectors produce an effective mid-level image representation for both image classification and object localization. Experiments conducted on benchmark data sets well demonstrate the superiority of our method over existing approaches.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Change Detection by Training a Triplet Network for Motion Feature
    • Authors: Tien Phuoc Nguyen;Cuong Cao Pham;Synh Viet-Uyen Ha;Jae Wook Jeon;
      Pages: 433 - 446
      Abstract: Change/motion detection is a challenging problem in video analysis and surveillance system. Recently, the state-of-the-art methods using the sample-based background model have demonstrated astonishing results with this problem. However, they are ineffective in the dynamic scenes that contain complex motion patterns. In this paper, we introduce a novel data-driven approach that combines the sample-based background model with a feature extractor obtained by training a triplet network. We construct the network by three identical convolutional neural networks, each of which is called a motion feature network. Our network can automatically learn motion patterns from small image patches and transform input images of any size into feature embeddings for high-level representations. The sample-based background model of each pixel is then employed by using the color information and the extracted feature embeddings. We also propose an approach to generate triplet examples from CDNet 2014 for training our network model from scratch. The offline trained network can be used on the fly without re-training on any video sequence before each execution. Therefore, it is feasible for real-time surveillance systems. In this paper, we show that our method outperforms the other state-of-the-art methods on CDNet 2014 and other benchmarks (BMC and Wallflower).
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Robust Plane Detection Using Depth Information From a Consumer Depth
    • Authors: Zhi Jin;Tammam Tillo;Wenbin Zou;Yao Zhao;Xia Li;
      Pages: 447 - 460
      Abstract: The emerging of depth-camera technology is paving the way for a variety of new applications and it is believed that plane detection is one of them. In fact, planes are common in man-made living structures, thus their accurate detection can benefit many visual-based applications. The use of depth information allows detecting planes characterized by complex pattern and texture, where the texture-based plane detection algorithms usually fail. In this paper, we propose a robust depth-driven plane detection (DPD) algorithm which consists of two parts: the growing-based plane detection and a two-stage refinement. The proposed approach starts from the seed patch with the highest planarity and uses the estimated equation of the growing plane and a dynamic threshold function to steer the growing process. Aided with this mechanism, each seed patch can grow to its maximum extent, and then the next seed patch starts to grow. This process is iteratively repeated so as to detect all the planes. Moreover, the refinement is proposed to tackle two common problems suffered by growing-based approaches, the over-growing problem, and the under-growing problem. Validated by extensive experiments, the proposed DPD algorithm is able to accurately detect planes and robust to various testing conditions. In terms of applications, it can be used as the pre-processing step for a variety of applications, such as, planar object recognition, super-resolution of the time-of-flight depth images with intrinsically low resolution.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Body Parts Synthesis for Cross-Quality Pose Estimation
    • Authors: Baoyao Yang;Andy J. Ma;Pong C. Yuen;
      Pages: 461 - 474
      Abstract: Although encouraging results have been obtained in human pose estimation in recent years, the performance may degrade dramatically when the image quality differs between training and testing data sets. This paper addresses problems in cross-image-quality human pose estimation. To achieve this, we follow an unsupervised domain adaptation approach, in which labels in the target domain are unavailable. Unlike existing unsupervised domain adaptation methods that find label information from unlabeled data, the target pose information (label) is instead generated by synthesizing body parts with similar image-quality of the target domain. A translative dictionary is learned to associate the source and target domains, and a cross-quality adaptation model is developed to refine the source pose estimator using the synthesized target body parts. We perform cross-quality experiments on three data sets with different image quality by using two state-of-the-art pose estimators, and compare the proposed method with five unsupervised domain adaptation methods. Our experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms not only the source pose estimators, but also other unsupervised domain adaptation methods.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Video Classification With CNNs: Using the Codec as a Spatio-Temporal
           Activity Sensor
    • Authors: Aaron Chadha;Alhabib Abbas;Yiannis Andreopoulos;
      Pages: 475 - 485
      Abstract: We investigate video classification via a two-stream convolutional neural network (CNN) design that directly ingests information extracted from compressed video bitstreams. Our approach begins with the observation that all modern video codecs divide the input frames into macroblocks (MBs). We demonstrate that selective access to MB motion vector (MV) information within compressed video bitstreams can also provide for selective, motion-adaptive, MB pixel decoding (a.k.a., MB texture decoding). This in turn allows for the derivation of spatio-temporal video activity regions at extremely high speed in comparison to conventional full-frame decoding followed by optical flow estimation. In order to evaluate the accuracy of a video classification framework based on such activity data, we independently train two CNN architectures on MB texture and MV correspondences and then fuse their scores to derive the final classification of each test video. Evaluation on two standard data sets shows that the proposed approach is competitive with the best two-stream video classification approaches found in the literature. At the same time: 1) a CPU-based realization of our MV extraction is over 977 times faster than GPU-based optical flow methods; 2) selective decoding is up to 12 times faster than full-frame decoding; and 3) our proposed spatial and temporal CNNs perform inference at 5 to 49 times lower cloud computing cost than the fastest methods from the literature.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Ordinal Deep Learning for Facial Age Estimation
    • Authors: Hao Liu;Jiwen Lu;Jianjiang Feng;Jie Zhou;
      Pages: 486 - 501
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose an ordinal deep learning approach for facial age estimation. Unlike conventional hand-crafted feature-based methods that require prior and expert knowledge, we propose an ordinal deep feature learning (ODFL) method to learn feature descriptors for face representation directly from raw pixels. Motivated by the fact that age labels are chronologically correlated and age estimation is an ordinal learning problem, our proposed ODFL enforces two criteria on the descriptors, which are learned at the top of the deep networks: 1) the topology-preserving ordinal relation is employed to exploit the order information in the learned feature space and 2) the age-difference cost information is leveraged to dynamically measure face pairs with different age value gaps. However, both the procedures of feature extraction and age estimation are learned independently in ODFL, which may lead to a sub-optimal problem. To address this, we further propose an end-to-end ordinal deep learning (ODL) framework, where the complementary information of both the procedures is exploited to reinforce our model. Extensive experimental results on five face aging datasets show that both our ODFL and ODL achieve superior performance in comparisons with most state-of-the-art methods.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Lossless Image and Intra-Frame Compression With Integer-to-Integer DST
    • Authors: Fatih Kamisli;
      Pages: 502 - 516
      Abstract: Video coding standards are primarily designed for efficient lossy compression, but it is also desirable to support efficient lossless compression within video coding standards using small modifications to the lossy coding architecture. A simple approach is to skip transform and quantization, and simply entropy code the prediction residual. However, this approach is inefficient at compression. A more efficient and popular approach is to skip transform and quantization but also process the residual block in some modes with differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), along the horizontal or vertical direction, prior to entropy coding. This paper explores an alternative approach based on processing the residual block with integer-to-integer (i2i) transforms. I2i transforms can map integer pixels to integer transform coefficients without increasing the dynamic range and can be used for lossless compression. We focus on lossless intra coding and develop novel i2i approximations of the odd type-3 discrete sine transform (ODST-3). Experimental results with the high efficiency video coding (HEVC) reference software show that when the developed i2i approximations of the ODST-3 are used along the DPCM method of HEVC, an average 2.7% improvement of lossless intra frame compression efficiency is achieved over HEVC version 2, which uses only the DPCM method, without a significant increase in computational complexity.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Light Field Image Compression Based on Bi-Level View Compensation With
           Rate-Distortion Optimization
    • Authors: Junhui Hou;Jie Chen;Lap-Pui Chau;
      Pages: 517 - 530
      Abstract: Compared with conventional color images, light field images (LFIs) contain richer scene information, which allows a wide range of interesting applications. However, such additional information is obtained at the cost of generating substantially more data, which poses challenges to both data storage and transmission. In this paper, we propose a new hybrid framework for effective compression of LFIs. The proposed framework takes the particular characteristics of LFIs into account so that the inter- and intra-view correlations of LFIs can be more efficiently exploited to produce better compression performance. Specifically, the proposed scheme partitions sub-aperture images (SAIs) of an LFI into two groups, namely, key SAIs and non-key SAIs. Bi-level view compensation is proposed to exploit the inter-view correlation: first, based on the group of selected key SAIs, learning-based angular super-resolution is performed to compensate non-key SAIs in pixel-wise, during which heterogeneous inter-view correlation between the non-key SAIs is efficiently removed; second, the two groups of SAIs are respectively reorganized as pseudo-sequences, and block-wise motion compensation is carried out with a standard video encoder, during which the homogeneous inter-view correlation is subsequently exploited. The video encoder also helps to remove the intra-view correlation of the SAIs and finally generates the encoded bitstream. Moreover, the bits allocated to each group are optimally determined via model-based rate distortion optimization. Extensive experimental evaluations and comparisons demonstrate the advantage of the proposed framework over existing methods in terms of rate-distortion performance.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • An Adaptive Quantizer for High Dynamic Range Content: Application to Video
    • Authors: Yi Liu;Naty Sidaty;Wassim Hamidouche;Olivier Déforges;Giuseppe Valenzise;Emin Zerman;
      Pages: 531 - 545
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose an adaptive perceptual quantization method to convert the representation of high dynamic range (HDR) content from the floating point data type to integer, which is compatible with the current image/video coding and display systems. The proposed method considers the luminance distribution of the HDR content, as well as the detectable contrast threshold of the human visual system, in order to preserve more contrast information than the perceptual quantizer (PQ) in integer representation. Aiming to demonstrate the effectiveness of this quantizer for HDR video compression, we implemented it in a mapping function on the top of the HDR video coding system based on high efficiency video coding standard. Moreover, a comparison function is also introduced to decrease the additional bit-rate of side information, generated by the mapping function. Objective quality measurements and subjective tests have been conducted in order to evaluate the quality of the reconstructed HDR videos. Subjective test results have shown that the proposed method can improve, in a significant manner, the perceived quality of some reconstructed HDR videos. In the objective assessment, the proposed method achieves improvements over PQ in terms of the average bit-rate gain for metrics used in the measurement.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Source Distortion Temporal Propagation Analysis for Random-Access
           Hierarchical Video Coding Optimization
    • Authors: Yanbo Gao;Ce Zhu;Shuai Li;Tianwu Yang;
      Pages: 546 - 559
      Abstract: Due to the widely used inter prediction in the current video coding standards, encoding units in different frames is of temporal dependency in that the rate-distortion optimization (RDO) of one unit may affect the coding performance of the following units in the temporal domain. To achieve optimal coding solution for a given video sequence, temporal dependency among units needs to be considered in the RDO process, which is known as the temporally dependent RDO (TD-RDO). The hierarchical coding structure (HCS) employed in the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard further complicates this problem by grouping frames into different layers of varying coding strategies, leading to a more complex temporal relationship. In our earlier work, we addressed TD-RDO for the low delay HCS (LD-HCS), where only uni-prediction is considered. This paper aims to address more complicated TD-RDO under random access HCS (RA-HCS), where both uni-prediction and bi-prediction are considered, making the temporal relationship even more intricate. The temporal dependency introduced in the RA-HCS is thoroughly examined and an RA-based TD-RDO scheme is formulated for each layer by modeling temporal propagation of distortion under different prediction types. Based on the formulation, the global Lagrange multiplier can be obtained analytically. Moreover, the effect of random access point pictures is considered in the RA-based TD-RDO scheme. The proposed method can be simply realized by updating the Lagrange multiplier as in the independent RDO formulation or combined with adjusting quantization parameter (QP) for better results in terms of BD-rate saving. Experimental results show that under RA-HCS, the proposed method, by adapting the Lagrange multiplier only, can achieve about 2.2% bitrate savings in average. With multi-QP optimization, an average BD-rate gain of 5.2% can be obtained.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Effective Parallelization of a High-Order Graph Matching Algorithm for GPU
    • Authors: Chulhee Lee;Hyuk-Jae Lee;
      Pages: 560 - 571
      Abstract: High-order graph matching is a feature-matching algorithm that uses geometric information among features. This algorithm is more robust to repetitive patterns or unclear areas than first-order matching that uses only feature descriptors. However, the processing speed of high-order matching is very slow because of its high computational complexity. To accelerate its speed, this paper proposes a new parallelization algorithm of high-order matching for GPU execution. The obstacle for parallelization is the write collision caused by multiple threads that must simultaneously update the data at the same memory location. In high-order matching, multiple formulations of the objective function can generate the same solution. By taking advantage of this property, the proposed algorithm replaces the operation causing write collision with another operation eliminating the collision while generating the same solution. The proposed algorithm is tested with GTX 960 and takes 31.3 ms, which is 68 times faster than the execution time with a CPU and approximately three times faster than that with a straightforward parallelization for the same GPU.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • A Residue Number System Hardware Design of Fast-Search
           Variable-Motion-Estimation Accelerator for HEVC/H.265
    • Authors: Niras C. Vayalil;Manoranjan Paul;Yinan Kong;
      Pages: 572 - 581
      Abstract: A residue number system (RNS) has an inherent parallel structure that can be utilized for improving computer hardware systems. An RNS represents large integer numbers as a smaller integer set, or residues of a modulo set, without carry propagation between them. Hence mathematical operations, such as addition or subtraction, can be performed on the residues independently. This paper proposes an RNS implementation of motion estimation for the latest video coding standard known as high-efficiency video coding (HEVC) or H.265. Since motion estimation is the most computationally intensive task in video coding, several simplified algorithms are proposed for mitigating the problem, but the majority of them result in a worsening peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) or bit-rate performance, or sometimes both. This paper also proposes a modified algorithm based on a test-zone (TZ) search algorithm, a widely used fast-search algorithm with good rate-distortion performance, suitable for hardware implementation for encoding ultra-high-definition videos in real time. The results show that worst-case PSNR degradation and bit-rate increases compared with the TZ search in the HEVC reference software implementation are negligible, and the hardware gate count is less than for many other designs in the literature.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Ultra-Low Complexity Block-Based Lane Detection and Departure Warning
    • Authors: Chung-Bin Wu;Li-Hung Wang;Kuan-Chieh Wang;
      Pages: 582 - 593
      Abstract: This paper proposes an ultra-low complexity block-based lane detection and departure warning system. Based on the distribution of the lane markings in the region close to the vehicle, a parameterized region of interest (ROI) is determined. The lane markings in the ROI are enhanced by increasing the pixel intensity for detection in various environmental conditions. To reduce the computational burden, the ROI is partitioned into non-overlapping blocks and two simplified masks are proposed to obtain the block gradients and block angles. The driving conditions are classified into four classes to simplify the lane detection process and the proposed lane departure warning system is based on the lane detection results. The experimental results reveal that the average lane detection rate and the departure warning rate are 96.12% and 98.60%, respectively. With a $1920times 1080$ resolution, the average processing time is 4.28 ms per frame.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Towards Robust Image Steganography
    • Authors: Jinyuan Tao;Sheng Li;Xinpeng Zhang;Zichi Wang;
      Pages: 594 - 600
      Abstract: Posting images on social network platforms is happening everywhere and every single second. Thus, the communication channels offered by various social networks have a great potential for covert communication. However, images transmitted through such channels will usually be JPEG compressed, which fails most of the existing steganographic schemes. In this paper, we propose a novel image steganography framework that is robust for such channels. In particular, we first obtain the channel compressed version (i.e., the channel output) of the original image. Secret data is embedded into the channel compressed original image by using any of the existing JPEG steganographic schemes, which produces the stego-image after the channel transmission. To generate the corresponding image before the channel transmission (termed the intermediate image), we propose a coefficient adjustment scheme to slightly modify the original image based on the stego-image. The adjustment is done such that the channel compressed version of the intermediate image is exactly the same as the stego-image. Therefore, after the channel transmission, secret data can be extracted from the stego-image with 100% accuracy. Various experiments are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed framework for image steganography robust to JPEG compression.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
  • Special Issue on Large-scale Visual Sensor Networks: Architectures and
    • Pages: 601 - 602
      Abstract: Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
      PubDate: Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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