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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 179 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 266)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 105)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 86)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 92)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nano Devices, Sensors and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access  
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.309
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 70  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0018-926X
Published by IEEE Homepage  [191 journals]
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
    • Abstract: Provides a listing of current staff, committee members and society officers.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
    • Abstract: Provides a listing of current staff, committee members and society officers.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Institutional listings [Advertisements]
    • Abstract: Advertisements.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Guest Editorial for the Special Issue on Radio Wave
           Propagation—Part II
    • Authors: Tapan K. Sarkar;Guido Lombardi;Vikass Monebhurrun;Monai Krairiksh;
      Pages: 2042 - 2045
      Abstract: The objective of this special issue is to publish papers related to the basic physics of Electromagnetism in thecontext of radio wave propagation, see editorial of Part I [1].
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Horse (Electromagnetics) is More Important Than Horseman (Information) for
           Wireless Transmission
    • Authors: Marco Donald Migliore;
      Pages: 2046 - 2055
      Abstract: This paper addresses the question of how much information can be transmitted reliably over a wireless channel. It is shown that the limit of this mode of transmission is dictated by the amount of information that an electromagnetic field is capable of carrying. The methodology for the analysis of this problem is along the theory developed by Kolmogorov. This allows one to quantify the amount of information that can be transmitted by a wireless communication system taking into account the physical limitations governed by the laws of electromagnetism. Starting from the results related to the amount of information carried by an electromagnetic field, a novel antenna synthesis technique that simultaneously takes into account the requirements of information and antenna theory is introduced and applied to the synthesis of multiantenna systems.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Measurement of Radiated Field From Transmitting Antennas Located in
           Various Environments
    • Authors: Monai Krairiksh;Chainarong Kittiyanpunya;Thunyawat Limpiti;Tanawut Tantisopharak;Prapan Leekul;Paiboon Yoiyod;Bancha Luadang;Arnon Sakonkanapong;Chuwong Phongcharoenpanich;
      Pages: 2056 - 2062
      Abstract: In microcellular communications, the transmitting antennas can be installed at low heights above the ground. However, even for low elevation towers, installation cost is still high. One of the possible ways for the deployment of base station antennas is to install them near the ground in order to do away with the tower. The main purpose of this paper is to suggest installation of the radiating antennas near the ground and tilting their orientation toward the sky—a totally nonintuitive solution. It will be shown that such deployments have the potential of reducing slow fading and can further enhance the signal strength close to the radiating antenna. This paper provides measured data for the received fields to validate the theoretical conjecture of such a deployment in various environments. The measured results are presented for 245, 800, 1000, and 2400 MHz. It is illustrated that such an unorthodox deployment can result in a low cost for the installation of base station antenna as the towers are not necessary. This can be useful in restoring communications in emergency situations where minimum infrastructure exists.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Range and Height Measurement of X-Band EM Propagation in the Marine
           Atmospheric Boundary Layer
    • Authors: Qi Wang;Robert J. Burkholder;Caglar Yardim;Luyao Xu;Jonathan Pozderac;A. Christman;Harindra J. S. Fernando;Denny P. Alappattu;Qing Wang;
      Pages: 2063 - 2073
      Abstract: An X-band vertical array system is developed for measuring and characterizing electromagnetic (EM) propagation in the marine atmospheric boundary layer. In particular, the evaporation duct that commonly forms over water is investigated as part of the Coupled Air-Sea Processes and Electromagnetic ducting Research (CASPER) at-sea experimental campaign conducted off the coast of Duck, NC, USA, during October–November of 2015. Monte Carlo simulations are first used to develop an optimal array of four vertically spaced receiving antennas. In the experiment, the antennas are mounted on the stern A-frame of a research vessel and measure EM signals transmitted from beacons mounted on another research vessel and on the pier at the Army Field Research Facility. While the propagation loss versus range provides a data set similar to previous work, the vertical array can provide sampling of modes in the leaky waveguide formed in the duct. Combining both the range and height sampling results in a robust inversion method for evaporation duct estimation. In this paper, the efficacy of the four-element array is demonstrated by estimation of the evaporation duct height through comparison with a library of precomputed propagation curves generated using the parabolic wave equation. Low model error gives confidence in the estimates, which are consistent with the concurrent environmental measurements performed by the CASPER team. It is found that the evaporation duct can vary significantly with range and time over the duration of a data collection run.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Realization of Split Beam Antenna Using Transmission-Type Coding
           Metasurface and Planar Lens
    • Authors: Kranti Kumar Katare;Sandhya Chandravanshi;Animesh Biswas;M. Jaleel Akhtar;
      Pages: 2074 - 2084
      Abstract: In this paper, a novel compact split beam configuration of the transmission-type coding metasurface (MS) in combination with the planar lens and the patch antenna is presented. In the first stage, the spherical electromagnetic waves originating from the patch antenna are converted to plane waves by placing the planar MS lens at a height of $0.55lambda _{0}$ above the antenna aperture. This lens enhances the radiation along the broadside direction resulting in high-gain operation. Furthermore, a concept of the digital metamaterial is adopted by realizing 1 bit transmission-type coding MSs, capable of splitting the aforementioned high-gain beam pattern. These digital MSs (DMSs) have two different types of metaatoms with phase responses of 0 and $pi $ , corresponding to two basic digital elements 0 and 1, respectively. The assembly of these metamaterial bits (either 0 or 1) leads to a lattice of size $D times D$ . The proper spatial mixture of these lattices with different sequences facilitates different elemental metamaterial-pattern resulting in multiple-lobe radiation patterns, which are angularly oriented and symmetrical to the antenna axis. The designed planar lens and the DMS with the individual thickness of $0.057lambda _{0}$ are placed in the near field of antenna leading to an overall compact configuration with a total height of $1.08lambda _{0}$ . The aforementioned beam splitting using the proposed configuration is also validated both quantitatively (mathematically) and qualitatively (through the simulation and the measurement) for different types of DMSs.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Analysis and Experiments on Reflection and Refraction of Orbital Angular
           Momentum Waves
    • Authors: Yu Yao;Xianling Liang;Maohua Zhu;Weiren Zhu;Junping Geng;Ronghong Jin;
      Pages: 2085 - 2094
      Abstract: In this paper, a theoretical analysis of orbital angular momentum (OAM) wave propagation properties in terms of reflection and refraction is introduced by decomposing OAM waves into infinite plane waves in the spectral domain with different elevation and azimuth angles. Transformations of phases and amplitudes at the interface of two media for different incident angles and elevation angles are numerically analyzed. Similarly, based on the idea of decomposing OAM waves, reflection and refraction properties of OAMwave propagating through slabs are also analyzed and simulated. Finally, experiments on OAM waves with both mode numbers 1 and 2 are conducted to demonstrate the reflection and refraction properties of OAM waves.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves Through an Invisible Gradient-Index
           Lens With Negative Refractive Index
    • Authors: Sergei P. Skobelev;
      Pages: 2095 - 2102
      Abstract: A radially inhomogeneous (gradient-index) lens made of material with a negative refractive index, invisible from the viewpoint of geometrical optics, is proposed and designed. The design includes derivation and solution of an equation for determining the refractive index profile, as well as derivations of an expression allowing calculation of the ray trajectories in the lens. Propagation of a plane wave through a cylindrical modification of the proposed lens both for the case of E-polarization and for the case of H-polarization is analyzed numerically using the hybrid projection method. The results obtained for the radar cross section (RCS) of the lens are compared to the similar performance of a positive-index invisible cylindrical lens described in the previous publications.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Modal Expansion Approach for Electromagnetic Propagation in Street Canyons
    • Authors: Alessio Di Simone;Antonio Iodice;
      Pages: 2103 - 2117
      Abstract: We present a simple and efficient model to compute electromagnetic (EM) propagation in urban street canyons, when transmitting and receiving antennas are located below the rooftop level. A parallel-plate dielectric hollow waveguide model of the street canyon is proposed, and propagation is analyzed by using the modal expansion approach. Obtained results for the case of line-of-sight (LoS) propagation are substantially equivalent to those obtained with the ray-optics method, but, with respect to the latter, our method presents important advantages: it is more efficient from a computational viewpoint, it allows deriving a very simple and reasonably accurate formulation of the average received signal strength, and it provides a fairly simple way to compute coupling at cross-junctions, exploited to obtain an analogous formulation for the non-LoS case. Obtained results are compared with simulations of a ray-tracing-based EM solver and with experimental measurements available in the literature.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • A New Permittivity Measurement Method for Walls in Indoor Scenes
    • Authors: Dan Shi;Chu Wang;Yougang Gao;
      Pages: 2118 - 2129
      Abstract: A new double-reflection free-space method is presented in this paper for measuring the actual wall material permittivity in indoor scenes, especially for the narrow wall corners which cannot accommodate test settings used in the traditional free-space method. The method is nondestructive, accurate, and easy to implement. In addition, it does not require a priori knowledge of the thickness of the walls under test. Two experimental setups, namely, double-polarization and double-parameter free-space measurements, were conducted according to the proposed method. The presented technique acquires the accurate material permittivity on site, which is the key parameter in the modeling and simulation of the radio wave propagation (RWP) prediction. The permittivity of the walls in the buildings measured by the proposed method, which considers the influences from the aging, machining, and practical usage of the wall materials, is more accurate than that by sample test in the laboratory. The method was examined by measuring the permittivity of the designed wall corner with two perpendicular plates and validated by the waveguide measurement of the sample chosen from the tested plates. Finally, the explicit uncertainty and error analyses were derived. The proposed method is applicable for accurate modeling of RWP prediction in practice.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • On the Influence of Diffuse Scattering on Multiple-Plateau Diffraction
           Analysis at mm-Wave Frequencies
    • Authors: María-Teresa Martínez-Inglés;José-Víctor Rodríguez;Juan Pascual-García;Jose-Maria Molina-Garcia-Pardo;Leandro Juan-Llácer;
      Pages: 2130 - 2135
      Abstract: A study of the impact of the diffuse scattering phenomenon when calculating radio wave multiple-plateau diffraction losses at millimeter-wave (mm-wave) frequencies is hereby presented. In this sense, measurements of the total attenuation caused by a series of either rough or polished brick blocks are properly compared with the theoretical multiple-diffraction losses of an array of ideally smooth brick blocks predicted by a hybrid uniform theory of diffraction-physical optics (UTD-PO) formulation. The results show the influence of diffuse scattering phenomena when it comes to calculating radio wave multiple-plateau diffraction attenuation and can be applied to the obtaining of more realistic mm-wave propagation models when multiple diffraction over rectangular obstacles with irregular (rough) surfaces has to be considered.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Physics-Based Prediction of Atmospheric Transfer Characteristics at
           Terahertz Frequencies
    • Authors: Xiaoyu He;Xiaojian Xu;
      Pages: 2136 - 2141
      Abstract: The amplitude and phase distortions of radar echo signal will cause the emergence of undesirable ghost scattering points, which degrade the quality of terahertz (THz) radar images. In this paper, a physics-based procedure is presented to predict the atmospheric attenuation and dispersion characteristics at THz frequencies, which is mainly based on the line-by-line calculation method with a specific modification in phase-shift prediction. The line-by-line parameters provided by the high-resolution transmission spectroscopic database and atmospheric condition parameters obtained from the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory reference atmospheric constituent profiles are adopted to predict the atmospheric transmittance and the phase shift for specific transfer paths. The results are compared with measured data to demonstrate the accuracy, while the proposed procedure is used to analyze the impacts of atmospheric transfer characteristics on radar imaging via the high-resolution range profile simulation. The signal distortion is interpreted in terms of paired echoes to illustrate the importance of frequency band selection for high-resolution imagery at THz frequencies.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Numerical and Experimental Characterization of RF Waves Propagation in Ion
           Sources Magnetoplasmas
    • Authors: Giuseppe Torrisi;David Mascali;Gino Sorbello;Giuseppe Castro;Luigi Celona;Santo Gammino;
      Pages: 2142 - 2149
      Abstract: This paper describes 3-D numerical simulations and radio frequency (RF) measurements of wave propagation in microwave-heated magnetized plasmas of ion sources. Full-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations has been addressed through the finite-element method commercial software COMSOL. Our numerical model takes into account the strongly inhomogeneous and anisotropic magnetized “cold” plasma medium. The simulations reproduce the main features of the wave–plasma interaction of the flexible plasma trap (FPT) that recently came into operations at INFN-LNS. A two-pin RF probe has been ad hoc developed and used as a plasma-immersed antenna for measuring local wave electric fields in the FPT device. The measurements of plasma electron density and RF electric field, performed for different external magnetic field configurations, allowed direct comparison with the assumed simulation model.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Lessons Learned Using a Physics-Based Macromodel for Analysis of Radio
           Wave Propagation in Wireless Transmission
    • Authors: Tapan K. Sarkar;Heng Chen;Magdalena Salazar-Palma;Mingda Zhu;
      Pages: 2150 - 2157
      Abstract: This paper summarizes the lessons learned using a physics-based macromodel in studying electromagnetic wave propagation over an imperfectly conducting ground in cellular wireless communication. First, it has been observed that the path loss exponent is independent of the nature of the ground parameters inside the cell of interest. Second, the electrical parameters of the environment have little effect on the path loss exponent in the cellular band. Third, it is observed that lowering the base station antenna toward the ground provides a stronger signal in the near field within the cell of interest. Furthermore, tilting the transmitting antenna toward the sky enhances the signal strength. Tilting the antenna toward the ground increases the signal strength but, in addition, enhances the interference pattern and, hence, is not a good solution. A typical path loss inside the cell is 30 dB per decade of distance, and outside the cell, it increases to 40 dB per decade. By bringing the antenna closer to the ground and then tilting it toward the sky, a good nonintuitive solution is provided. In such scenarios, a path loss of 20 dB per decade for some components of the field, the lowest possible, can be achieved for certain orientations and deployment of the base station antenna. In addition, it is shown that operating an antenna inside a metallic box eliminates its radiation capabilities and, hence, has no physical meaning even though it is claimed in the contemporary literature that it simulates a rich multipath environment. Finally, a note on the proper interpretation of the term channel capacity and its implications is delineated.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Simulation and Experimental Verification for a 52 GHz Wideband Trapped
           Surface Wave Propagation System
    • Authors: Jixiang Wan;Kin Fai Tong;Chi Hou Chan;
      Pages: 2158 - 2166
      Abstract: Trapped surface wave (TSW) provides a flexible 2-D wireless solution when compared to existing wired and free space communications systems. This work aims to provide the theoretical guidance, supported by simulation techniques and experimental verifications, for 1) designing the wideband and highly efficient rectangular aperture TSW transducers and 2) selecting the best reactive surface impedance for high efficiency. First, a method for computing the TSW excitation efficiency is proposed for the first time and it can be applied to different kinds of reactive surface geometries and transducer apertures. Then, the relation between the TSW excitation efficiency, surface reactance, and aperture height is derived. Then, the maximum excitation efficiency, the corresponding optimal surface reactance, and aperture height are presented. Furthermore, the relation between the TSW angular coverage and aperture width is determined. These studies show that the aperture height mainly determines the TSW excitation efficiencies, while the aperture width controls the TSW angular coverage; hence, the two aperture parameters of a transducer can be independently determined. Finally, an experiment setup, based on the provided guidelines, has been built to demonstrate a 52 GHz wide 3 dB-transmission-bandwidth for high-performance communications systems.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Analysis of Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in Difficult Conditions
           by the Parabolic Equation Method
    • Authors: Valery A. Permyakov;Mikhail S. Mikhailov;Elena S. Malevich;
      Pages: 2167 - 2175
      Abstract: Studies devoted to the application of numerical solutions of the parabolic equation to the prediction of propagation conditions of radio waves traveling above the ground surface are briefly reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of the physical irregularities of propagation of radio waves in difficult conditions (above the sea surface, including formation of evaporation ducts and in forests, including the influence of forest and terrain profiles on the radiation field of phased array antennas).
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Bloom Filter for Double-Counting Avoidance in Radio Frequency Ray Tracing
    • Authors: Roman Novak;
      Pages: 2176 - 2190
      Abstract: Brute-force radio-frequency ray tracing scales well on multicore computing architectures as each ray can be traced independently. The discrete nature of rays with no thickness shows a weakness in the aggregation step where nearby rays to the observation point need to be detected and differentiated. The fact that angular defect cannot be distributed evenly for more than 12 rays in space leads to a double-counting (DC) phenomenon, i.e., the radius of a reception sphere cannot exclude all but 1 ray per wavefront. This either leads to significant signal errors or requires the use of space- and time-consuming wavefront differentiation. Bloom filters configured with marginal false-positive rate are proposed here as a replacement of the exact wavefront differentiation, effectively eliminating DC errors. Substantial space gains while computing channel impulse responses are reported. Furthermore, due to the importance of ray-launching template grids for DC avoidance, the analytical angular bounds for the two common icosahedral grids are presented. The frequently referenced approximate DC probability of 20.9% is shown to be highly underestimated when affected by the refraction- and diffraction-induced changes in ray spacing.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Call for Papers Recent Advances in Metamaterials and Metsurfaces
    • Pages: 2191 - 2191
      Abstract: Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
  • Introducing IEEE Collabratec
    • Pages: 2192 - 2192
      Abstract: Advertisement, IEEE.
      PubDate: April 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 67, No. 4 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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