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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 188 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 94)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 344)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 304)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 123)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 103)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 102)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 207)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access  
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ural Radio Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
IET Power Electronics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.803
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 57  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1755-4535 - ISSN (Online) 1755-4543
Published by IET Homepage  [44 journals]
  • Guest editorial: Enabling technologies in electric and more electric
           transportation (ETEMET)
    • Pages: 3315 - 3317
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Modified multilevel buck–boost converter with equal voltage across each
           capacitor: analysis and experimental investigations
    • Authors: Mahajan Sagar Bhaskar;Rashid Al-ammari;Mohammad Meraj;Atif Iqbal;Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban;
      Pages: 3318 - 3330
      Abstract: Recently, the circuitry of Multilevel Buck-Boost Converter (here, called MBBC1) is suggested in the literature to attain high inverting voltage by increasing the output levels of the classical buck-boost converter. However, the only circuitry is suggested and detail investigations are not provided. The major drawbacks of MBBC1 are the voltages across the load capacitors side are unequal and the input current is not continuous. Therefore, the MBBC1 is not well suited to feed multilevel inverter where a stack of capacitors is required with equal voltage across each capacitor. A new modified MBBC called MBBC2 is proposed to achieve continuous input current and equal voltage across each capacitor. The circuitry of MBBC1 and MBBC2 configurations are analysed with non-idealities to investigate its effects on the voltage conversion ratio. The Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) and Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM) boundary conditions and modes of operation for MBBC1 and MBBC2 configurations are presented. The procedure for basics design and components selection is elaborated. Additionally, comparison of MBBC1, MBBC2 and recently proposed a non-isolated DC-DC configuration is provided. The performances of MBBC1 and MBBC2 configurations are tested with simulation and experimental work, and obtained results consistently show a good agreement with the theoretical approach..
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Single dc-source-based seven-level boost inverter for electric vehicle
    • Authors: Naresh K. Pilli;M. Raghuram;Avneet Kumar;Santosh K. Singh;
      Pages: 3331 - 3339
      Abstract: This study offers an effective circuit arrangement of a multilevel inverter that can increase the number of output voltage levels with a lesser number of device count. A single dc-source-based seven-level inverter (LI) with boosting capability is proposed in this study. The proposed inverter utilises eight switches, two diodes, two capacitors, one inductor and a single dc source to generate seven-level boosted output. Usage of single dc source and boosting capability makes the proposed inverter suitable for electric vehicles as less number of series-connected battery cells are required. Phase-shifted pulse-width modulation (PWM), a multi-carrier-based PWM technique is utilised to generate switching pulses for the proposed 7LI. Device count-based comparative analysis of the proposed inverter with recent topologies is done. Viability and impact of the proposed inverter are analysed through simulation and are validated through laboratory prototype.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Design and implementation of a novel auxiliary network based ZVS DC/DC
           converter topology with MPWM: an application to electric vehicle battery
    • Authors: Manaswi Srivastava;Arun Kumar Verma;Pavan Singh Tomar;
      Pages: 3340 - 3350
      Abstract: The DC/DC converter stage has a significant role in the on-board electric vehicle (EV) battery charger. This study proposes a zero voltage switching (ZVS) full-bridge DC/DC converter (FBDC) for efficient power conversion with minimal power loss. The simplified auxiliary circuit-based FBDC consolidate the modified pulse width modulation (MPWM) gating technique for DC/DC conversion stage according to battery profile of the EV. The proposed MPWM can minimise the conduction and switching losses in comparison to the previously proposed converter configuration using conventional phase shift modulation (PSM) gating technique. The size of auxiliary inductance required is reduced with MPWM in comparison to conventional FBDC auxiliary inductance with PSM gating technique. Design and implementation of proposed ZVS FBDC with MPWM are discussed for a 500 W, 80 kHz laboratory prototype and experimental results are presented to validate the design and performance of the proposed converter.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Dual input–dual output DC–DC converter for solar
           PV/battery/ultra-capacitor powered electric vehicle application
    • Authors: Sundaramoorthy Kumaravel;Ravishankar Achathuparambil Narayanankutty;Vemparala Seshagiri Rao;Ashok Sankar;
      Pages: 3351 - 3358
      Abstract: Utilisation of more than one energy source in the electric vehicle (EV) ensures the reliable riding of the vehicle without range anxieties. Solar PV, battery and ultra-capacitor are viable sources to power the EV. A novel dual input-dual output dc-dc converter is proposed for the integration of the above sources for the EV application. The converter can be used to transfer power between the input sources and loads/utility grid/other EVs. The proposed converter can be operated in ten different modes using the same structure by controlling the appropriate switches. The equivalent circuits with the analytical waveforms of significant modes of operation of the converter are discussed in this study. The output equations of all ten modes are derived. The theoretical analysis of the converter is verified experimentally using a 1kW laboratory prototype and the observed experimental results are shown in the study. A strategy for selecting a mode according to the status of the vehicle, grid, battery etc. is developed. The loss breakdown analysis and efficiency profile of the converter are presented. Finally, the performance comparisons of the proposed converter with the reported converters are carried out in terms of component counts, a number of operating modes etc.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • EV battery charger with non-inverting output voltage-based bridgeless PFC
           Cuk converter
    • Authors: Bhim Singh;Radha Kushwaha;
      Pages: 3359 - 3368
      Abstract: This study proposes an improved electric vehicle (EV) battery charger with a non-inverting output voltage-based bridgeless power factor correction (PFC) Cuk converter and a flyback converter for controlling the battery current in constant-current-constant-voltage charging regions. The proposed EV charger eliminates the need for an extra inverse amplifier, which is used for the negative to positive output voltage conversion in a conventional Cuk PFC converter. Therefore, the control of the converter is easy to implement and the cost of the charger is also reduced. Moreover, the design of the charger is proposed for discontinuous conduction mode operation, which comes with the inherent advantages of reduced sensors, low reverse recovery in diodes, and zero current switching. The proposed EV charger, with improved efficiency, operates satisfactorily to comply with the IEC61000-3-2 standard for power quality at steady state and for sudden perturbations in mains voltage.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Interleaved centre clamped forward converter (ICCFC) for wide input
           voltage range applications
    • Authors: Rajini Veeraraghavalu;Alagu Dheeraj;
      Pages: 3369 - 3377
      Abstract: A new interleaved centre clamped forward converter for high current applications is proposed. It is a series input and series output structure with common active clamp reset branch. In the proposed converter, both the high input voltage stress and output current stress are reduced. The converter comprises of two active clamp forward converters with one common centre clamp reset circuit and the series output comprises of a current double rectifier (CDR) with self-driven synchronous rectifier (SDSR). The capacitor divider at the input reduces the switching stress due to input voltage. The common centre clamp circuit enables the transformer core reset without any additional circuit and enables zero volt switching. The SDSR-based CDR reduces burden on the secondary side of the transformer by an additional current sharing. Extended duty cycle beyond 50% is achieved. Overall reduction in the size of magnetic components with reduced part count and high-power density is attained. Prototype for 50 W with input voltage in the range of 50-200 V, 5 V/10 A output at 100 kHz was developed. The experimental results match the theoretical investigations.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Design and development of isolated snubber based bidirectional DC–DC
           converter for electric vehicle applications
    • Authors: Kunalkumar Bhatt;Ram Avtar Gupta;Nitin Gupta;
      Pages: 3378 - 3388
      Abstract: Particularly, in the classical dual-active-bridge (DAB) converter, the current difference between the source and leakage inductance of high-frequency transformer potentially results in circulating current. This circulating current further causes the increased voltage stress, voltage overshoots, and conduction losses in the circuit. In view of this, a combination of dual-switch-forward (DSF) snubber and pre-charging method assisted isolated bi-directional DC-DC (BDC) converter is described in this study for electric vehicle application. The proposed configuration effectively diminishes the adverse impact of circulating current while reducing conduction loss, as well as switching stress. The working principle and corresponding circuit configurations are extensively discussed during both modes of operation. The control-to-output transfer functions have been obtained, and it has been confirmed that the system is stable for both modes of operation. The experimental prototype of 480 W for 20 kHz application has been developed using DSP TMS320F28335 to verify the practicality of the proposed converter. The experimental results assure that the voltage spike is successfully alleviated when the converter is operated with the proposed configuration. Finally, the comparative loss analysis has been carried out, which determines that the DSF snubber circuit with pre-charging method provides a better solution compared to classical converters/techniques.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Zero-voltage soft-switching DC–DC converter-based charger for LV battery
           in hybrid electric vehicles
    • Authors: Khairy Sayed;
      Pages: 3389 - 3396
      Abstract: This study presents the implementation of a DC-DC power converter for battery charging from 200 V lithium-ion or nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery to lead-acid battery (typically 12 V) utilised in hybrid vehicles such as Toyota Prius. For hybrid car, a low-voltage (LV) battery is utilised to power air conditioner, main lights, and different actuators in engine controlling unit etc. The LV battery is usually recharged by car alternator. For the sake of improving fuel efficiency, it is important to regulate charging by using the charging control scheme, where the battery charging is implemented in deceleration interval avoiding the acceleration interval of the car. The hybrid car is equipped with a high-voltage (HV) NiMH battery. The lead-acid LV battery is charged from the HV storage battery. The advantage of this charging method is recognised not only to replace the alternator from the car, but also to make efficient braking touching for the car driver, because the regenerative breaking recovered energy can be totally absorbed in the main HV battery. Moreover, the overall efficiency could be easily improved because the total efficiency of charging DC-DC circuit is greater than that of the car alternator.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Energy regeneration technique for electric vehicles driven by a brushless
           DC motor
    • Authors: Mansour Bahrami;Hossein Mokhtari;Amin Dindar;
      Pages: 3397 - 3402
      Abstract: The development of energy regeneration capability in electric vehicles can extend their driving range making them a competent alternative for conventional internal combustion engine vehicles. In this study, a novel energy regeneration technique, called a two-boost method, for electric vehicles driven by a brushless DC (BLDC) motor, a widely used motor in vehicular technology, is proposed. Based on this technique, the BLDC motor driver, which is selected to be a three-phase inverter, is converted into two simultaneous boost converters during energy regeneration periods in order to transfer energy from the BLDC motor into the battery and provide the braking force. Also, this method is compared with the single-boost method. The simulation and experimental results show that the amount of regenerated energy in this method is more than twice of that in the single-boost method. Moreover, it is observed that in the two-boost method, the motor speed changes linearly without any control of the electrical torque. In addition, since the amount of regenerated energy in this method as compared to the single-boost method is higher, the energy regeneration efficiency in this method is increased significantly.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • New modulation scheme and voltage balancing control of modular multilevel
           converters for modern electric ships
    • Authors: Deepak Ronanki;Sheldon S. Williamson;
      Pages: 3403 - 3410
      Abstract: The distinctive features such as fault-tolerability, modularity, power and voltage scalability have propelled modular multilevel converters (MMCs) as one of the emerging power converter topologies for marine applications. Pulse-width modulation (PWM) schemes are widely used to control the MMCs due to their good control capability and ability to operate at higher switching frequencies. However, the required number of carriers for gating signal generation drastically increases with the submodule count per arm in an MMC. Moreover, these carriers should be accurately synchronised with each other to generate high power quality waveforms. However, it is hard to establish accurate synchronisation between these carriers due to the sampling issues, memory limitations, and computational delays. In addition, the MMC demands reconfiguration of PWM carriers and control strategy for voltage scalability and retrofit applications. To avoid these issues, a simple PWM scheme using one carrier is proposed in this study. The main advantage of the proposed scheme is an easy extension to the n-level MMC with a wide range of output voltage levels. The effectiveness of the proposed PWM scheme along with the capacitor voltage balancing control is demonstrated through detailed simulations and verified experimentally under steady-state and dynamic conditions.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Failure-mode analysis of modular multilevel capacitor-clamped converter
           for electric vehicle application
    • Authors: Vidhya S. Devi;M. Balaji;
      Pages: 3411 - 3421
      Abstract: The bi-directional buck/boost converter is being widely used as bi-directional DC/DC converter (BDC) in an electric vehicle (EV) traction system owing to its simple topological configuration. The major drawback of this configuration is in the event of failure of any of the power semiconductor devices and the power supply to the load will be interrupted. To overcome the above drawback, this work proposes a modular multilevel capacitor clamped converter (MMCCC) for EV application employing battery and ultracapacitor (UC) as energy storage sources. The battery-ultracapacitor (UC) combination provides better acceleration capability during high power demands and efficient energy recovery during regenerative braking. The design, control, and failure-mode analysis of MMCCC are discussed in detail to showcase the merits in terms of conversion gain, modularity, and reconfiguring capability under fault conditions. The high conversion gain owed to the modularity of the topology ascertains optimal stacking of UC thus reducing the weight and cost. Simulation is performed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment, and hardware prototype is fabricated to validate the simulation results.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Improved power quality charging scheme for heavy-duty vehicle battery
           swapping stations
    • Authors: Ujjwal Kumar Kalla;Rakhi Suthar;Bhim Singh;
      Pages: 3422 - 3437
      Abstract: This study, presents a generalised multi-pulse converter (MPC)-based improved power quality charging scheme for heavy-duty vehicle battery swapping stations. The proposed control is a generalised control, which is used to develop an MPC-based charging scheme for any pulse number such as 2-pulse, 6-pulse, 12-pulse, 18-pulse and 24-pulse charging schemes for heavy-duty vehicle battery swapping stations. The 2-pulse, 6-pulse and 12-pulse charging schemes are implemented in the laboratory using proposed generalised control. This proposed scheme operates on fundamental switching frequency, therefore, it significantly reduces the switching losses, electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference levels in heavy-duty vehicle battery swapping stations. Moreover, the sliding mode controller has been introduced in the current control loop of the proposed battery charger which removes all the possibilities of the occurring of undershoot and overshoot in the battery charging, that significantly improves the life of the battery banks. Test results of all these developed schemes are presented in this study for validating the proposed scheme.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Power factor improvement of permanent-magnet linear vernier motor by using
           dual-inverter with hybrid discontinuous PWM
    • Authors: Dezhi Xu;Wenxiang Zhao;Yu Cheng;Qian Chen;Liang Xu;
      Pages: 3438 - 3446
      Abstract: A permanent-magnet linear vernier (PMLV) motor has the advantages of large force and low cost, but it suffers from a low-power factor. This study proposes an instantaneous power control algorithm by using a dual-inverter open-winding (OW) configuration to equivalently improve the PMLV motor power factor. In the proposed algorithm, the active and reactive powers for the motor operation are supplied by the main and compensation inverters, respectively. Therefore, the main inverter dc-link voltage is fully utilised to generate the active power, which is equivalent to the improvement of the motor power factor. Furthermore, a hybrid discontinuous pulse width modulation (HDPWM) scheme is proposed, which takes into consideration the power factor characteristics of the dual-inverter. Compared to the existing OW modulation ones, the proposed HDPWM technique can greatly reduce the dual-inverter loss. The experimental results are carried out to verify the proposed control strategy.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Hybrid railway power quality conditioner based on half-bridge converter
           and asymmetric balanced traction transformer with deadbeat current control
    • Authors: Hossein Mahdinia Roudsari;Alireza Jalilian;Sadegh Jamali;
      Pages: 3447 - 3459
      Abstract: AC electrified railway system is a huge single-phase load, which causes significant power quality (PQ) problems to the upstream power grid. Active railway PQ conditioners (ARPQC) have been introduced to overcome the PQ problems. One of the most important complications of the ARPQCs is its high VA rating which entails significant escalation in the price of the conditioner. To mitigate the rating of the ARPQC, a hybrid configuration including an asymmetric balancing traction transformer and a half-bridge railway PQ conditioner (HBRPC) is proposed in this study. The predictive deadbeat current control with low computational burden and fast dynamic response is used to optimise the performance of the HBRPC. Additionally, a PI adaptive gain controller is proposed for DC-link voltage stabilisation, which minimises the negative impact of the voltage control on the current control stage. The feasibility and functionality of the proposed scheme is validated via simulation and experimental results.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Islanded distributed generation system with feedforward PR-EFLL control
           for AC-electric vehicle charger
    • Authors: Bhim Singh;Seema Kewat;Anjeet Verma;
      Pages: 3460 - 3469
      Abstract: This study deals with the islanded distributed generation system (IDGS), which is used to feed different types of loads such as AC-EVs (electric vehicles) and non-linear home load. The IDGS consists of solar photovoltaic (PV) array with a storage battery. In IDGS feeding, the EVs and non-linear load, the currents contain high harmonics. Due to which, the generation of sinusoidal voltage with good quality at common coupling point (CCP) is very challenging. Therefore, a feedforward proportional resonant (PR) controller is proposed with enhanced frequency locked loop (EFLL) control algorithm to eliminate the CCP voltage harmonics and provides the high tracking capability of AC voltage as compared to the conventional proportional integral (PI) control. As a result, the voltage source converter control generates the balanced and sinusoidal CCP voltages even at unbalanced load condition. The proposed EFLL-based control algorithm is capable to reject the DC-offset component from the load current. Moreover, the DC-link voltage regulation and peak power extraction of solar-PV array are achieved through bidirectional DC-DC converter control. This BDC control is used to balance the active power flow in the islanded system. The effectiveness of the proposed IDGS is validated, through simulation as well as experimental steady-state and dynamic test results.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Grid-interfaced solar PV powered electric vehicle battery system with
           novel adaptive digital control algorithm
    • Authors: Shubhra Chauhan;Bhim Singh;
      Pages: 3470 - 3478
      Abstract: This study deals with the control of a three-phase grid-tied solar photovoltaic (PV) powered electric vehicle battery (EVB) system. The perturb and observe technique is used to obtain the peak power of a solar PV array. The EVB is connected through a DC-DC buck-boost converter at the DC link of voltage source converter (VSC), which is charged in base load periods and discharged at high load periods. This converter also maintains the DC link voltage to its maximum power point tracking and the EVB capacity is reduced in comparison to a system, where it is directly assimilated at the DC link. An adaptive recursive digital filter is used in an economical and efficient single-stage grid-connected solar PV-EVB system for the evaluation of the fundamental current constituent of non-linear load current, subsequently the grid current is sinusoidal and has unity power factor. The system with recursive filter control is adaptable at solar insolation variation and load change. VSC works as an active power filter under no solar power generation and compensates the load reactive power. The operation of scheme is validated with test results on a prototype developed in steady-state and dynamic conditions.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Device-level modelling and FPGA-based real-time simulation of the power
           electronic system in fuel cell electric vehicle
    • Authors: Hao Bai;Chen Liu;Rui Ma;Damien Paire;Fei Gao;
      Pages: 3479 - 3487
      Abstract: Power electronic converters are essential components in the fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) powertrain, which precisely control the power output of the fuel cell stack, the charging and discharging process of the battery, and the operation of the traction motor. The hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation plays an important role in the rapid validation of power converters in their early development stages. In this study, a device-level model of the power converters in FCEV powertrain is developed for the FPGA-based real-time simulation. By fulfilling the circuit topology partitioning and the switch model partitioning, the FCEV power electronic system can be simulated with sub-microsecond time-step while producing the detailed switching waveforms with 5 ns resolution. Therefore, the device electrical stress, and the switching power losses can be evaluated in real time. Furthermore, the electro-thermal converter model is developed accordingly, which makes it possible to evaluate the IGBT/Diode thermal behaviour in the HIL simulation. In this study, the FPGA hardware is designed with the NI LABVIEW FPGA module and implemented on the NI-7975R FLEXRIO FPGA board. The accuracy of the FPGA-based simulation results is evaluated by the results from offline simulation tools. The effectiveness of the proposed model is then validated by the controller HIL experiments.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Design and voltage regulation of inductively coupled wireless power
           transfer circuits with an intermediate coil
    • Authors: Kwang-Kyo Oh;
      Pages: 3488 - 3498
      Abstract: An inductively coupled wireless power transfer (WPT) circuit consisting of the transmitter, the receiver, and an additional intermediate coil is studied. It is assumed that the intermediate coil is located coplanar with the transmitter coil. Although it has been known that the intermediate coil serves as a power repeater, its effect on the three-coil WPT circuit characteristics has not been thoroughly investigated. Accordingly, this study analyses how the intermediate coil affects the voltage transfer function and the input impedance of the WPT circuit. Based on the analysis result, design considerations are presented and output voltage regulation via operation frequency adjustment is discussed. A design example for the three-coil WPT circuit is presented and the simulation and experimental results are provided.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Impact of communication systems on grid node voltage and operation of a
           vehicle-to-grid controller in a smart-grid scenario
    • Authors: Krishna Pavan Inala;Praveen Kumar;Sanjay Kumar Bose;
      Pages: 3499 - 3509
      Abstract: The impact of communication systems between different entities of a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) system, consisting of a controller, aggregator, multiple charging stations (MCS) and electric vehicles (EVs), affecting the distribution node voltage is discussed. The controller decides the amount of power to be exchanged between MCS and the grid. EVs either get charged or discharged at the charging station (CS) based on peak load or off-peak load hours. Based on the distance between the entities of the V2G, different communication technologies are proposed and, the respective communication channels are modelled. The impact of non-ideal communication systems on the node voltage at the test node where the CS is connected has been studied and, different regions of operation of the controller are determined. Changes in the controller are introduced to reduce the impact of bit error rate in data transmission using communication channels.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Stochastic methods for prediction of charging and discharging power of
           electric vehicles in vehicle-to-grid environment
    • Authors: Ahteshamul Haque;Varaha Satya Bharath Kurukuru;Mohammed Ali Khan;
      Pages: 3510 - 3520
      Abstract: As the penetration rate of the electric vehicles (EVs) increases, their uncontrolled charging could cause undervoltage and network congestion in the electric network. To mitigate these impacts, the controlled charging of the EVs has been investigated by earlier publications. However, controlled charging cannot be easily implemented as it involves multiple customers having individual interests. To overcome these drawbacks, the power prediction of charging and discharging of EVs plays a major role. A new realistic power prediction algorithm that accounts for the requirements of different patterns and consumers is developed in this study. The main objective of the study is to develop a charging and discharging coordination algorithm that effectively addresses the problem of power demand during peak time. Stochastic methods were used to develop the charging-discharging models and estimate the EV usage. The proposed algorithm aims to manage high power demands at peak times using vehicle-to-grid technologies. Intensive computer simulations are performed to test and estimate the power demand by adapting the proposed algorithm. The developed algorithm shows a significant improvement in the comprehensive index with a value of 0.649 which is very high compared with conventional charging strategies. The results depicted an efficient scheduling and power distribution without affecting the performance of the EV or the flexibility of EV owner's trip schedule.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Parallel implementation of the auxiliary power system model of the
           electric locomotive for hardware-in-the-loop simulation
    • Authors: Chen Liu;Yumei Song;Hao Bai;Rui Ma;Xizheng Guo;Fei Gao;
      Pages: 3521 - 3526
      Abstract: Hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HiLs) is an enabling technology for analysing and testing the control unit of high-power electronic system. However, the main difficulty remains in the design of a HiLs platform for a control unit with a complex electronic system. With the attempt to improve this issue, this study presents the HiLs setup utilising the dSPACE simulator under the background of the auxiliary power system of the electric locomotive. A massive parallel implementation approach for modelling the auxiliary power system is proposed for the implementation on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). The proposed method exploits the large response time of the auxiliary model to: (i) decouple the complex system into independent sub-systems, (ii) partition the AC machine model solution from the rest power electronic system using the FPGA/CPU co-mix structure, and (iii) adopt nanoseconds range simulation time step. The whole HIL system can be used to evaluate both the hardware and software performance of the physical auxiliary control unit. The real time simulation results under steady-state and transient conditions demonstrate modelling accuracy and provide detailed insight into the development of this electrical powertrain.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Carrier-based PWM control strategy for Z-source two-stage
           matrix converter
    • Authors: Rutian Wang;Xu Han;Chuang Liu;Yanfeng Zhao;Jiawei Zhang;
      Pages: 3527 - 3538
      Abstract: In the Z-source two-stage matrix converter (ZSTSMC), the unique shoot-through state of the Z-source network can increase the voltage transfer ratio. Its maximum value can reach 4.33. In order to solve the complexity of space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) for ZSTSMC, a carrier-based PWM (CBPWM) control strategy is proposed. The duty ratios of the rectifier stage and inverter stage are calculated by the SVPWM method. A carrier is constructed and combined with duty ratios to produce regular modulation waves of rectifier stage and inverter stage. Then, the inserted mode of the shoot-through state is optimised by analysing. The position of its insertion is adjusted so that the expressions of the shoot-through modulation wave is simple and regular. And the number of modulation waves is reduced from 5 to 4. Next, the modulation waves are compared with a carrier to obtain pulse signals which are used to produce driving signals through logic operation. The ZSTSMC is controlled by this strategy to obtain three-phase symmetrical sinusoidal input and output waveforms. The proposed method is identical in output to the SVPWM method. Finally, the experimental results are provided to verify the feasibility and validity of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Reduced-order small signal modelling of high-order high step-up converters
           with clamp circuit and voltage multiplier cell
    • Authors: Sara Hasanpour;Alfred Baghramian;Hamed Mojallali;
      Pages: 3539 - 3554
      Abstract: Generally, the modelling of high step-up converters with a large number of passive components consisting of inductors, coupled-inductors (CL) and capacitors is very complex. Recently, to further increase the voltage gain in high step-up converters in a simple and low-cost manner, voltage multiplier (VM) circuits have been increasingly used. Also, to reduce the switch voltage spike, clamp circuits are applied. This leads to an increase in the order of systems and operational modes as well. Thus, for simpler modelling and reducing the state variables, the use of reduced-order techniques are required. A general structure for small signal modelling of such converters including passive clamp, CL and VM circuits is presented. For this purpose, an example of these types of converters is selected. At first, a full-order model of this high-order converter is derived using the state-space averaging method. Then, two reduced-order models of the converter are derived and then compared with the full-order model. Also, the small signal and low frequency behaviour is evaluated. In addition, the impact of the parameter variations on the frequency response and stability margin is investigated. Finally, experimental results based on laboratory prototype are presented to verify the validity of the theoretical analysis.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Fast and quantitative measurement of pulse current using interferometry
    • Authors: Yueyue Zhu;Mengying Li;Yan Zhao;Liang Xue;
      Pages: 3556 - 3561
      Abstract: To perceive the advent of pulse current (PC) sensitively and evaluate the peak value accurately on a cost effective setup, an interferometric measurement is proposed first in this study. By extracting the phase information of the interference fringes effected by the PC quantitatively, the relative peak value of PC with random waveform is obtained in real time. Based on the theoretical analysis, the proposed method has been tested by the PC with the waveform of 8/20 μs and peak value of 3, 2.75 and 2.5 kA. The interferograms are collected online, and the phase recovery is completed in seconds. Repetitive experiments under the same conditions reveal the relationship between the peak value and the phase information, proving it a potential application to retrieve the PC peak value quantitatively in real time.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Family of universal bidirectional DC–DC converters with an extended
           voltage gain
    • Authors: Boris Axelrod;Yefim Berkovich;Yuval Beck;
      Pages: 3562 - 3570
      Abstract: This study presents a family of non-isolated bidirectional DC-DC converters with extended DC gain. Increasing of the DC gain range is achieved due to splitting the base inductor and also by using magnetically coupled inductors. All the variants of the proposed schemes are based on the use of the dual-half-bridge DC-DC converter. As a result, a number of improved schemes of buck, boost and buck-boost bidirectional converters were obtained with the possibility of increasing the voltage-boosting ratio in boost converter mode and simultaneously reducing the voltage gain in the buck converter mode. The converters have a symmetrical structure, and this ensures the operation of each of them in four modes, which gives greater flexibility in matching the voltages of the power supply with storage devices. The formulas for the DC gain, maximum voltage stresses on the switches and a comparative evaluation of these parameters are presented. The modes of operation and equivalent schemes are considered in detail. For each of the schemes, the corresponding tables for the operation of the transistors are given. The analyses of the dynamic modes of the proposed converters is shown. The experimental verification completely confirms the theoretical results.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Dual-loop control of transfer delay based PLL for fast dynamics in
           single-phase AC power systems
    • Authors: Samir Gautam;Yuezhu Lu;Weidong Xiao;Dylan Dah-Chuan Lu;Mohammad S. Golsorkhi;
      Pages: 3571 - 3581
      Abstract: Phase-locked loop (PLL) is commonly utilised for AC power systems to detect phase and frequency. With the increasing use of small-scale distributed power generation, the technique becomes widely available for grid interconnection of renewable power source into single-phase AC distribution network. Through comprehensive analysis and design, this study proposed a new approach that includes dual independent control loops to enhance the transfer delay-based PLL capability in terms of speed and accuracy. The effectiveness and advantages of the proposed PLL structure are demonstrated by numerical simulation and verified by experimental test.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Switched capacitor based Z-source DC–DC converter
    • Authors: Sajad Rostami;Vahid Abbasi;Tamas Kerekes;
      Pages: 3582 - 3589
      Abstract: This study proposes a common grounded Z-source DC-DC converter. In comparison to conventional Z-source converter, it converts voltage with higher voltage gain and lower voltage stress on the switch, diodes and capacitors. In addition, it needs smaller inductors in comparison to the similar converters. The converter is analysed and compared with other converters. Its main equations are obtained which show the converter advantages as lower voltage stresses, smaller inductors, higher efficiency and higher voltage gain in comparison to the reviewed converters. A prototype for the proposed converter is prepared based on analysis and theoretical parts. Experiments are done along the lines of the analysis. Experimental results and theoretical equations are used to prove the converter operation quality.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Model predictive current control based on a generalised adjacent voltage
           vectors approach for multilevel inverters
    • Authors: Paul Gistain Ipoum-Ngome;Daniel Legrand Mon-Nzongo;Rodolfo C.C. Flesch;Joseph Song-Manguelle;Mengqi Wang;Tao Jin;
      Pages: 3590 - 3599
      Abstract: Model predictive current control (MPCC) uses the discrete-time model of a system to predict the future behaviour of the current for all voltage vectors (VVs) generated by a power converter. In multilevel inverters, the large number of VVs imposes a long computation time for the prediction and selection of the optimal state to be applied to the converter, which increases the sampling time and decreases the closed-loop performance. An MPCC is proposed based on the idea of generalised adjacent voltage vectors (GAVVs) for multilevel cascaded H-bridge inverters with a DC-link voltage fed by photovoltaic (PV) cells. This method deals with the voltage drop and often small inter-bridge voltage imbalance and irradiance issues that occur in PV power plants. The proposed GAVV method is analytically formulated to provide three types of subsets for a given number of inverter levels. The use of the newly added subsets of four and five VVs contributes to boosting the converter output voltage and achieving acceptably balanced current and line-to-line voltage under low irradiance compared with the classical approach. Simulation and experimental results show good current response and reduced switching frequency even under a high current reference with DC-link voltage drop.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
  • Fractional order sliding mode approach for chattering free direct power
           control of dc/ac converter
    • Authors: Vivek Kumar;Ikbal Ali;
      Pages: 3600 - 3610
      Abstract: A control approach of sliding mode category is applied in this study for direct control of active and reactive power in a grid connected three-phase dc/ac converter. A fractional order sliding mode (FOSM) control is proposed to suppress chattering from power and current signals. The chattering reduction is achieved through fractional order mathematical modelling which has control over the fractional error tolerance and instantaneous error, while all attributes of conventional sliding mode remain intact. FOSM controller drastically reduces signal chattering that is a low order system noise in conventional sliding mode control (CSMC). The controller is designed using active-reactive power errors as input to get reference voltage vector under sliding mode fractional law. The controller uses stationary frame of reference and simplifies the design process in a manner to rule out extra proportional integral (PI)-controlled current loops. The FOSM reduces half of the switching losses as per the fractional reference to switching modulation. Lyapunov candidate function is investigated to prove stability of the proposed controller. Simulation and experiment are carried out to check chattering free response of the proposed controller as compared to CSMC. The transient behaviour and robustness of FOSM controller is investigated and compared to PI-based control.
      PubDate: 11 6 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 13 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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