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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 306)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 124)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 101)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 366)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 224)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.87
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1939-1374
Published by IEEE Homepage  [229 journals]
  • Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Blockchain-Based Services Computing
    • Authors: Zibin Zheng;Andreas Kind;Peter Chen;
      Pages: 200 - 202
      Abstract: The papers in this special section focus on blockchain-based computing services. Blockchain has become a hot research area in academia and industry. A blockchain is a continuously growing list of records of value-transferred transactions maintained by a peer-to-peer network through a distributed consensus mechanism. Blockchain technology has promising characteristics regarding decentralization, persistency, anonymity and auditability that could greatly improve the cost-effectiveness of inter-organization business processes. Blockchain can be applied to many fields of services computing, e.g., big data, cloud computing, digital economy, intelligent contracts, Internet-of-Things, securities, etc.Non-functional innovations in blockchain-based services computing are essential to improving the efficacy of blockchain. These paper focus on presenting novel approaches to integrate blockchain with services computing techniques as well as factual insights on new rising challenges and requirements in achieving this goal.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Service-Oriented Permissioned Blockchain for the Internet of Things
    • Authors: Chao Qiu;Haipeng Yao;F. Richard Yu;Chunxiao Jiang;Song Guo;
      Pages: 203 - 215
      Abstract: Recently, the emergence of blockchain has stirred great interests in the field of Internet of Things (IoT). However, numerous non-trivial problems in the current blockchain system prevent it from being used as a generic platform for large-scale services and applications in IoT. One notable drawback is the scalability problem. Lots of projects and researches have been done to solve this problem. Nevertheless, they do not consider different users' conditions, only using a single consensus protocol as the best fit one, as well as the IoT system is heavily constrained by computing and networking resources. In this article, we study a permissioned blockchain-based IoT architecture. In order to improve the scalability of the blockchain system and meet the needs of different users, we propose a service-oriented permissioned blockchain, where different consensus protocols are launched according to users' quality of service (QoS) requirements. Specially, we quantify a few popular consensus protocols. Additionally, we select block producers, which need a great number of computation resources, as well as dynamically allocate network bandwidth to the blockchain system. We formulate consensus protocols selection, block producers selection, and network bandwidth allocation as a joint optimization problem. We then use a dueling deep reinforcement learning approach to solve the problem. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed scheme.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • $^{{mathbf++}}$ + :+An+Accurate+Blockchain-Based+Time-Stamping+Scheme+for+Cloud+Storage&rft.title=IEEE+Transactions+on+Services+Computing&rft.issn=1939-1374&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=13&rft.spage=216&rft.epage=229&rft.aulast=Shen;&rft.aufirst=Yuan&rft.au=Yuan+Zhang;Chunxiang+Xu;Nan+Cheng;Hongwei+Li;Haomiao+Yang;Xuemin+Shen;">Chronos $^{{mathbf +}}$ + : An Accurate Blockchain-Based
           Time-Stamping Scheme for Cloud Storage
    • Authors: Yuan Zhang;Chunxiang Xu;Nan Cheng;Hongwei Li;Haomiao Yang;Xuemin Shen;
      Pages: 216 - 229
      Abstract: We propose Chronos+, an accurate blockchain-based time-stamping scheme for outsourced data, where both the storage and time-stamping services are provided by cloud service providers. Specifically, Chronos+ integrates a file into a transaction on a blockchain once the file is created, which guarantees the file's latest creation time to be the time when the block containing the transaction is appended to the blockchain. A sufficient number of consecutive blocks that are latest confirmed on the blockchain is embedded into the file at the creation time. These blocks serve as a time-dependent random seed to prove the earliest creation time, due to blockchains' chain quality property. Chronos+ makes the file's timestamp corresponding to a time interval formed by the earliest and latest creation times which are derived from the heights of the corresponding blocks. Due to blockchains' chain growth property, such a height-derived timestamp can ensure that the time intervals' range is within a few minutes so as to guarantee the accuracy. We also point out potential threats towards outsourced time-sensitive files and present security analyses to prove that Chronos+ is secure against these threats. Comprehensive performance evaluations demonstrate the efficiency and practicality of Chronos+.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Policy-Driven Blockchain and Its Applications for Transport Systems
    • Authors: Yi Mu;Fatemeh Rezaeibagha;Ke Huang;
      Pages: 230 - 240
      Abstract: Blockchains offer opportunities for developing advanced digital services. While current research on this topic is still growing, various security concerns have been raised and the security of blockchains has been becoming the most important issue which must be well addressed. Blockchain transactions are based on digital signatures, where the public key is associated with the ownership of the digital coin. User management of public or permissionless blockchain is ad hoc, i.e., any user can join and leave the blockchain network and participate in the Proof of Work (PoW). However, in a private blockchain and a permissioned blockchain, there are usually some constraints for users. In this paper, we investigate a scenario which provides a blockchain network with a set of policies where every user's signing key is associated with a policy set. It is particularly interesting while users are working in different sectors. We call our scheme as “policy-driven”, since policies in our scheme restrict users' rights. Our system is featured with a novel and lightweight policy-driven signature (PDS) scheme whose security has been proven formally. To justify our scenario, we provide experimental results and an example for the railway management services.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Hybrid BlockChain-Based Identity Authentication Scheme for Multi-WSN
    • Authors: Zhihua Cui;Fei XUE;Shiqiang Zhang;Xingjuan Cai;Yang Cao;Wensheng Zhang;Jinjun Chen;
      Pages: 241 - 251
      Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) equipment is usually in a harsh environment, and its security has always been a widely concerned issue. Node identity authentication is an important means to ensure its security. Traditional IoT identity authentication protocols usually rely on trusted third parties. However, many IoT environments do not allow such conditions, and are prone to single point failure. Blockchain technology with decentralization features provides a new solution for distributed IoT system. In this paper, a blockchain based multi-WSN authentication scheme for IoT is proposed. The nodes of IoT are divided into base stations, cluster head nodes and ordinary nodes according to their capability differences, which are formed to a hierarchical network. A blockchain network is constructed among different types of nodes to form a hybrid blockchain model, including local chain and public chain. In this hybrid model, nodes identity mutual authentication in various communication scenarios is realized, ordinary node identity authentication operation is accomplished by local blockchain, and cluster head node identity authentication are realized in public blockchain. The analysis of security and performance shows that the scheme has comprehensive security and better performance.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Groupchain: Towards a Scalable Public Blockchain in Fog Computing of IoT
           Services Computing
    • Authors: Kai Lei;Maoyu Du;Jiyue Huang;Tong Jin;
      Pages: 252 - 262
      Abstract: Powered by a number of smart devices distributed throughout the whole network, the Internet of Things (IoT) is supposed to provide services computing for massive data from devices. Fog computing, an extension of cloud-based IoT-oriented solutions, has emerged with requirements for distribution and decentralization. In this respect, the conjunction with Blockchain provides a natural solution for decentralization, as well as potentially helps fog computing overcome some deficiencies such as security and privacy then consequently expand the application scope of IoT. However, one of the key challenges of blockchain's integration with fog computing is scalability. To end this, this work proposes Groupchain, a novel scalable public blockchain of a two-chain structure suitable for fog computing of IoT services computing. Groupchain employs the leader group to collectively commit blocks for highertransaction efficiency and introduces bonus and deposit into the incentive mechanism to supervise behaviors of members in the leader group. Our security analysis shows that Groupchain retains the security of Bitcoin-like blockchain and enhances defense against attacks such as double-spend and selfish mining. We implement a prototype of Groupchain and conducted experiments. The experimental results demonstrate that Groupchain achieves optimization on transaction throughput and confirmation latency which are argued in Bitcoin.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • DEAL: Differentially Private Auction for Blockchain-Based Microgrids
           Energy Trading
    • Authors: Muneeb Ul Hassan;Mubashir Husain Rehmani;Jinjun Chen;
      Pages: 263 - 275
      Abstract: Modern smart homes are being equipped with certain renewable energy resources that can produce their own electric energy. From time to time, these smart homes or microgrids are also capable of supplying energy to other houses, buildings, or energy grid in the time of available self-produced renewable energy. Therefore, researches have been carried out to develop optimal trading strategies, and many recent technologies are also being used in combination with microgrids. One such technology is blockchain, which works over decentralized distributed ledger. In this paper, we develop a blockchain based approach for microgrid energy auction. To make this auction more secure and private, we use differential privacy technique, which ensures that no adversary will be able to infer private information of any participant with confidence. Furthermore, to reduce computational complexity at every trading node, we use consortium blockchain, in which selected nodes are given authority to add a new block in the blockchain. Finally, we develop differentially private Energy Auction for bLockchain-based microgrid systems (DEAL). We compare DEAL with Vickrey-Clarke-Groves (VCG) auction scenario and experimental results demonstrates that DEAL outperforms VCG mechanism by maximizing sellers' revenue along with maintaining overall network benefit and social welfare.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Blockchain-Based Model for Cloud Service Quality Monitoring
    • Authors: Mona Taghavi;Jamal Bentahar;Hadi Otrok;Kaveh Bakhtiyari;
      Pages: 276 - 288
      Abstract: This paper introduces a novel blockchain-based decentralized federation model that embodies quality verification for cloud providers who lease computing resources from each other. The blockchain structure removes the barriers of a traditional centralized federation and offers a fully distributed and transparent administration by enforcing the involved agents to maintain consensus on the data. For a blockchain-based federation, it is vital to avoid blind-trust on the claimed SLA guarantees and monitor the quality of service which is highly desirable considering the multi-tenancy characteristic of cloud services. Due to the fact that the blockchain network is unable to access the outside world, it cannot handle, by its own, providers misbehavior in terms of SLA violations. Thus, we introduce oracle as a verifier agent to monitor the quality of the service and report to the smart contract agents deployed on the blockchain. Oracle is a trusted third-party agent who can communicate with the outside world of the blockchain network. The interaction between cloud service providers (either providing a service or requesting it from another provider) and the oracle through smart contracts comprises a system of autonomous and utility maximizer agents. Cloud requesters seek to receive high quality services with constant monitoring at cheap prices or even with no charge, while cloud providers aim to have a balanced work-load with less preserved capacity, and the oracle tends to charge higher for their monitoring services. Therefore, to model this conflicting situation, we formulate a dynamic Stackelberg differential game to optimize the cost of using the oracle and maximize the profit of the agents with the role of provider agent as a leader, and the requester and verifier agents as followers. Our designed Stackelberg differential game can seize the dynamicity of users' demand and resource provisioning in a competitive cloud market. We implemented our proposed decentralized mod-l using the Solidity language in the remix IDE on the Ethereum network. We further evaluated the optimal controls and agents' profit with real-world data simulated for three concrete cloud providers. The results revealed that the requester agent initiates most of the quality verification requests at the beginning to the middle time of the contract. Thus, the provider agent could reserve less computing resources considering the fact that it could share the workload among other customers' computing resources during the peak-time. Moreover, imposing a higher penalty on the provider agent increased the capacity and decreased the number of requests for quality verification at the equilibrium. The evaluation also disclosed that the impact of timing in the dynamic pricing strategy of the verifier agent is very minimal, and the provisioning capacity of the provider is strongly correlated with the monitoring price.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Blockchain Empowered Arbitrable Data Auditing Scheme for Network Storage
           as a Service
    • Authors: Yang Xu;Ju Ren;Yan Zhang;Cheng Zhang;Bo Shen;Yaoxue Zhang;
      Pages: 289 - 300
      Abstract: The maturity of network storage technology drives users to outsource local data to remote servers. Since these servers are not reliable enough for keeping users' data, remote data auditing mechanisms are studied for mitigating the threat to data integrity. However, many traditional schemes achieve verifiable data integrity for users only without resolutions to data possession disputes, while others depend on centralized third-party auditors (TPAs) for credible arbitrations. Recently, the emergence of blockchain technology promotes inspiring countermeasures. In this article, we propose a decentralized arbitrable remote data auditing scheme for network storage service based on blockchain techniques. We use a smart contract to notarize integrity metadata of outsourced data recognized by users and servers on the blockchain, and also utilize the blockchain network as the self-recording channel for achieving non-repudiation verification interactions. We also propose a fairly arbitrable data auditing protocol with the support of the commutative hash technique, defending against dishonest provers and verifiers. Additionally, a decentralized adjudication mechanism is implemented by using the smart contract technique for creditably resolving data possession disputes without TPAs. The theoretical analysis and experimental evaluation reveal its effectiveness in undisputable data auditing and the limited requirement of costs.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • BoR: Toward High-Performance Permissioned Blockchain in RDMA-Enabled
    • Authors: Bobo Huang;Li Jin;ZhiHui Lu;Xin Zhou;Jie Wu;Qifeng Tang;Patrick C. K. Hung;
      Pages: 301 - 313
      Abstract: Known as a distributed ledger, blockchain is becoming prevalent due to its decentralization, traceability and tamper resistance. Particularly, permissioned blockchain such as Hyperledger Fabric shows great application prospects as the infrastructure of IoT security, credit management, etc. Many cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, Oracle and IBM cloud currently provide blockchain as a service, in which tenants can quickly build permissioned blockchain and run smart contract based applications. However, the transactions throughput and scalability in the permissioned blockchain are not ideal, despite many optimization efforts in consensus protocol and parallel chain. Existing solutions still reveals some limitations like excessive CPU scheduling, inefficient block broadcast and high latency of initial blocks synchronization when new nodes join blockchain network. Inspired by the emerging RDMA (Remote Direct Memory Access) network, we propose BoR, an RDMA-based permissioned blockchain framework. By offloading the block transfer transaction into RDMA NICs, it can increase block broadcast speed and reduce block sync delay. We exploit the RDMA primitives to redesign the block synchronization protocol and accelerate DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake) consensus process for higher throughput and lower latency in kernel-bypass manner. As demonstrated in our evaluation with different workloads, BoR with lower CPU utilization significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art EoS blockchain.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • ContractGuard: Defend Ethereum Smart Contracts with Embedded Intrusion
    • Authors: Xinming Wang;Jiahao He;Zhijian Xie;Gansen Zhao;Shing-Chi Cheung;
      Pages: 314 - 328
      Abstract: Ethereum smart contracts are programs that can be collectively executed by a network of mutually untrusted nodes. Smart contracts handle and transfer assets of values, offering strong incentives for malicious attacks. Intrusion attacks are a popular type of malicious attacks. In this article, we propose ContractGuard, the first intrusion detection system (IDS) to defend Ethereum smart contracts against such attacks. Like IDSs for conventional programs, ContractGuard detects intrusion attempts as abnormal control flow. However, existing IDS techniques/tools are inapplicable to Ethereum smart contracts due to Ethereum's decentralized nature and its highly restrictive execution environment. To address these issues, we design ContractGuard by embedding it in the contracts to profile context-tagged acyclic paths, and optimizing it under the Ethereum gas-oriented performance model. The main goal is to minimize the overheads, to which the users will be extremely sensitive since the cost needs to be paid upfront in digital concurrency. Empirical investigation using real-life contracts deployed in the Ethereum mainnet shows that on average, ContractGuard only adds to 36.14 percent of the deployment overhead and 28.27 percent of the runtime overhead. Furthermore, we conducted controlled experiments and show that ContractGuard successfully guard against attacks on all real-world vulnerabilities and 83 percent of the seeded vulnerabilities.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Blockchain-Based Object Name Service With Tokenized Authority
    • Authors: Wondeuk Yoon;Janggwan Im;Tindal Choi;Daeyoung Kim;
      Pages: 329 - 342
      Abstract: Today, the Internet of Things (IoT) technology is applied everywhere, providing tremendous amounts of IoT service. The GS1, a non-profit international standards organization, has established standards for IoT technology. Especially, the GS1 standardized an Object Name Service (ONS) leveraging DNS's distributed and federated infrastructure, enables users to manage and discover IoT services such as the retail, food, healthcare, smart city, and so on. However, the ONS is vulnerable to the data tampering, privilege escalation, and service fault caused by DNS attacks including the man in the middle, cache poisoning, replay, hijacking, and denial of service attacks. Nowadays, IoT services are used in security-sensitive areas, such as finance and healthcare. Therefore, the security of ONS should be strengthened before causing severe problems such as data breach, economic loss, and social loss. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based ONS with a tokenized authority called the BlockONS. The BlockONS provides strength in the data tampering and privilege escalation allowing a fault tolerance. The BlockONS consists of a content off-chain scaling, a data tampering validation method, a fault-tolerance method, and a Blockchain Token-Based Access Control (BTBAC) method. We designed the BlockONS into two parts: A BlockONS Node part manages the validation method and BTBAC model. A BlockONS Agent part manages the off-chain scaling and fault tolerance. Finally, we implemented the BlockONS leveraging a Hyperledger Sawtooth blockchain. We proved the proposed validation method, fault tolerance method, and BTBAC method through use cases and security analyses on attack situations. We deployed the BlockONS in the Daejeon city and evaluated the performance to show the feasibility of the BlockONS.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Decentralized Services Computing Paradigm for Blockchain-Based Data
           Governance: Programmability, Interoperability, and Intelligence
    • Authors: Xuanzhe Liu;Sam Xun Sun;Gang Huang;
      Pages: 343 - 355
      Abstract: With the explosion of “big data” in the past decade, exploring and mining the value hidden in the data has already generated a lot of innovative applications, especially the recent advances of AI applications. The data governance, including activities of data creation, sharing, exchange, management, analytics, tracing, and accounting, has drawn a lot of attentions. Services computing establishes the foundation of current data governance, typically in a centralized fashion, e.g., the cloud-based storage services and analytic services. However, the potential values of big data distributed on the Internet are far away from being adequately explored. Considering the infrastructure revolution made by the blockchain, in this position article, we try to rethink a new data governance fashion that is built upon the blockchain-based decentralized services computing paradigm. The core principle is that data owners are able to publish their data as a set of services that can be deployed independently from the application systems where the data were born. Meanwhile, data owners can define service rules/policies where their data should be stored and how the data can be shared, and keep governing the whole lifecycle record of how their data are actually used. Similar to existing services computing paradigm, data users can search, discover, integrate, and analyze the data in a decentralized fashion. With this perspective, we try to discuss some key insights and enumerate several related new technologies and open challenges, in terms of programmability, interoperability, and intelligence.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Cloud/Edge Computing Service Management in Blockchain Networks:
           Multi-Leader Multi-Follower Game-Based ADMM for Pricing
    • Authors: Zehui Xiong;Jiawen Kang;Dusit Niyato;Ping Wang;H. Vincent Poor;
      Pages: 356 - 367
      Abstract: The mining process in public blockchains with the Nakamoto consensus protocol requires solving a computational puzzle, i.e., proof-of-work, which is resource expensive to implement in lightweight devices with limited computing resources and energy. Thus, renting mining service from cloud providers becomes a reasonable solution, which is called cloud mining. This enables users who want to mine, i.e., miners, to purchase and lease an amount of hashing power from the cloud/edge providers without any hassle of managing the infrastructure. In this paper, we study the interactions among the cloud/edge providers and miners in blockchain using a multi-leader multi-follower game-theoretic approach, in order to support proof-of-work based blockchains application. Due to the inherent complexity of the formulated game, we employ the Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) algorithm to investigate the optimum solution. Utilizing the decomposition characteristics and fast convergence of ADMM, we obtain the optimum results in a distributed manner. Simulation results demonstrate that with the proposed solutions, the optimization of the utilities of miners and the profits of providers can be jointly achieved.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Scalable Discovery of Hybrid Process Models in a Cloud Computing
    • Authors: Long Cheng;Boudewijn F. van Dongen;Wil M. P. van der Aalst;
      Pages: 368 - 380
      Abstract: Process descriptions are used to create products and deliver services. To lead better processes and services, the first step is to learn a process model. Process discovery is such a technique which can automatically extract process models from event logs. Although various discovery techniques have been proposed, they focus on either constructing formal models which are very powerful but complex, or creating informal models which are intuitive but lack semantics. In this work, we introduce a novel method that returns hybrid process models to bridge this gap. Moreover, to cope with today's big event logs, we propose an efficient method, called f-HMD, aims at scalable hybrid model discovery in a cloud computing environment. We present the detailed implementation of our approach over the Spark framework, and our experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is efficient and scalable.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
  • Facilitating Application-Aware Bandwidth Allocation in the Cloud with
           One-Step-Ahead Traffic Information
    • Authors: Dian Shen;Junzhou Luo;Fang Dong;Jiahui Jin;Junxue Zhang;Jun Shen;
      Pages: 381 - 394
      Abstract: Bandwidth allocation to virtual machines (VMs) has a significant impact on the performance of communication-intensive big data applications hosted in VMs. It is crucial to accurately determine how much bandwidth to be reserved for VMs and when to adjust it. Past approaches typically resort to predicting the long-term network demands of applications for bandwidth allocation. However, lacking of prediction accuracy, these methods lead to the unpredictable application performance. Recently, it is conceded that the network demands of applications can only be accurately derived right before each of their execution phases. Hence, it is challenging to timely allocate the bandwidth to VMs with limited information. In this paper, we design and implement AppBag, an Application-aware Bandwidth guarantee framework, which allocates the accurate bandwidth to VMs with one-step-ahead traffic information. We propose an algorithm to allocate the bandwidth to VMs and map them onto feasible hosts. To reduce the overhead when adjusting the allocation, an efficient Lazy Migration (LM) algorithm is proposed with bounded performance. We conduct extensive evaluations using real-world applications, showing that AppBag can handle the bandwidth requests at run-time, while reducing the execution time of applications by 47.3 percent and the global traffic by 36.7 percent, compared to the state-of-the-art methods.
      PubDate: March-April 1 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2020)
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