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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 175 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 253)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 104)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 91)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nano Devices, Sensors and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.87
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1939-1374
Published by IEEE Homepage  [191 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: James Joshi;
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: Presents the introductory editorial for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • 2018 Index IEEE Transactions on Services Computing Vol. 11
    • Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Presents the 2018 subject/author index for this publication.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Guest Editor's Introduction: Special Section on Services and
           Software Engineering Towards Internetware
    • Authors: M. Brian Blake;Abdelsalam (Sumi) Helal;Hong Mei;
      Pages: 4 - 5
      Abstract: The six papers in this special section focuses on services and software computing. Services computing provides a foundation to build software systems and applications over the Internet as well as emerging hybrid networked platforms motivated by it. Due to the open, dynamic, and evolving nature of the Internet, new features were born with these Internet-scale and service-based software systems. Such systems should be situation- aware, adaptable, and able to evolve to effectively deal with rapid changes of user requirements and runtime contexts. These emerging software systems enable and require novel methods in conducting software requirement, design, deployment, operation, and maintenance beyond existing services computing technologies. New programming and lifecycle paradigms accommodating such Internet- scale and service-based software systems, referred to as Internetware, are inevitable. The goal of this special section is to present the innovative solutions and challenging technical issues, so as to explore various potential pathways towards Internet-scale and service-based software systems.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Programming Situational Mobile Web Applications with Cloud-Mobile
           Convergence: An Internetware-Oriented Approach
    • Authors: Gang Huang;Xuanzhe Liu;Yun Ma;Xuan Lu;Ying Zhang;Yingfei Xiong;
      Pages: 6 - 19
      Abstract: Mobile Web applications (a.k.a., Web apps) stand for an important trend for next-generation Internet-based software. Currently popular mobile Web apps need to be adapted to various and ever-changing contexts and personalized user requirements. Based on our over-decade research experiences and practice on the Internetware paradigm, this position article describes an Internetware-oriented approach to designing, developing, and deploying situational mobile Web apps, by synthesizing the resources and services of mobile and cloud. Guided by a novel Service-Model-View-Controller (SMVC) software model, a mobile Web app is organized into a well-defined structure that facilitates adaptation including online/offline data access, computation offloading, user interface optimization, hybrid composition, etc. We provide efficient runtime support spanning mobile and cloud to make mobile Web apps more flexibly adaptive. The proof-of-concept evaluation demonstrates that our approach can benefit end-users with optimized user experience of mobile Web apps.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • A Requirement-Driven Mechanism for the Management of Distributed
    • Authors: Souheil Khaddaj;Bippin Makoond;
      Pages: 20 - 33
      Abstract: The emergence of new service oriented distributed models has raised a number of challenges particularly in relation to the management of distributed infrastructures in dynamic environments, such as the Cloud with changing availability of resources, services and quality of services. In such an environment it is very important that users and applications have some level of assurance that their requirements can be satisfied while trying to optimize the usage of the available resources. This paper presents a new requirement-driven decision making mechanism that is based on a quality assured load balancer for distributed computing systems. We evaluate the approach and demonstrate how it can adapt to user requirements and to the capacity of available resources.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • ROSF: Leveraging Information Retrieval and Supervised Learning for
           Recommending Code Snippets
    • Authors: He Jiang;Liming Nie;Zeyi Sun;Zhilei Ren;Weiqiang Kong;Tao Zhang;Xiapu Luo;
      Pages: 34 - 46
      Abstract: When implementing unfamiliar programming tasks, developers commonly search code examples and learn usage patterns of APIs from the code examples or reuse them by copy-pasting and modifying. For providing high-quality code examples, previous studies present several methods to recommend code snippets mainly based on information retrieval. In this paper, to provide better recommendation results, we propose ROSF, Recommending code Snippets with multi-aspect Features, a novel method combining both information retrieval and supervised learning. In our method, we recommend Top-K code snippets for a given free-form query based on two stages, i.e., coarse-grained searching and fine-grained re-ranking. First, we generate a code snippet candidate set by searching a code snippet corpus using an information retrieval method. Second, we predict probability values of the code snippets for different relevance scores in the candidate set by the learned prediction model from a training set, re-rank these candidate code snippets according to the probability values, and recommend the final results to developers. We conduct several experiments to evaluate our method in a large-scale corpus containing 921,713 real-world code snippets. The results show that ROSF is an effective method for code snippets recommendation and outperforms the-state-of-the-art methods by 20-41percent in Precision and 13-33 percent in NDCG.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Multi-Dimensional QoS Prediction for Service Recommendations
    • Authors: Shangguang Wang;You Ma;Bo Cheng;Fangchun Yang;Rong N. Chang;
      Pages: 47 - 57
      Abstract: Advances in mobile Internet technology have enabled the clients of Web services to be able to keep their service sessions alive while they are on the move. Since the services consumed by a mobile client may be different over time due to client location changes, a multi-dimensional spatiotemporal model is necessary for analyzing the service consumption relations. Moreover, competitive Web service recommenders for the mobile clients must be able to predict unknown quality-of-service (QoS) values well by taking into account the target client's service requesting time and location, e.g., performing the prediction via a set of multi-dimensional QoS measures. Most contemporary QoS prediction methods exploit the QoS characteristics for one specific dimension, e.g., time or location, and do not exploit the structural relationships among the multi-dimensional QoS data. This paper proposes an integrated QoS prediction approach which unifies the modeling of multi-dimensional QoS data via multi-linear-algebra based concepts of tensor and enables efficient Web service recommendation for mobile clients via tensor decomposition and reconstruction optimization algorithms. In light of the unavailability of measured multi-dimensional QoS datasets in the public domain, this paper also presents a transformational approach to creating a credible multi-dimensional QoS dataset from a measured taxi usage dataset which contains high dimensional time and space information. Comparative experimental evaluation results show that the proposed QoS prediction approach can result in much better accuracy in recommending Web services than several other representative ones.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Storage Sharing Optimization Under Constraints of SLO Compliance and
           Performance Variability
    • Authors: Ning Li;Hong Jiang;Dan Feng;Zhan Shi;
      Pages: 58 - 72
      Abstract: SLO enforcement with the required strong SLO compliance and the desired low level of performance variability is necessary to ensure QoS for user applications with precisely differentiated service levels. However, for the cloud consolidating a large number of VMs rented by users, it is a great challenge to formulate an IO capacity allocation among consolidated VMs under the user-customized QoS constraints of SLO compliance and performance fluctuation for consolidated VMs. To address this challenge, we propose SASLO, an end-to-end VM-oriented control framework that supports users in customizing SLO targets and QoS constraints for each VM. SASLO can dynamically coordinate the throughput target and IO size limit for each VM adapting to the status of SLO enforcement so as to maximize the IO capacity allocation among consolidated VMs under QoS constraints. To accurately enforce time-varying throughput target, SASLO establishes a proportional-integral IO controller for each individual VM to converge the actual throughput to the target with an expected settling time. Our extensive evaluation driven by representative benchmarks demonstrates that SASLO is able to formulate a satisfactory IO capacity allocation plan for consolidated VMs under the constraints of SLO compliance and performance variability.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Architecture-Based Behavioral Adaptation with Generated Alternatives and
           Relaxed Constraints
    • Authors: Bihuan Chen;Xin Peng;Yang Liu;Songzheng Song;Jiahuan Zheng;Wenyun Zhao;
      Pages: 73 - 87
      Abstract: Software systems are increasingly required to autonomously adapt their architectural structures and/or behaviors to runtime environmental changes. However, existing architecture-based self-adaptation approaches mostly focus on structural adaptations within a predefined space of architectural alternatives (e.g., switching between two alternative services) while merely considering quality constraints (e.g., reliability and performance). In this paper, we propose a new architecture-based self-adaptation approach, which performs behavioral adaptations with automatically generated alternatives and supports relaxed functional constraints from the perspective of business value. Specifically, we propose a technique to automatically generate behavioral alternatives of a software system from the currently-employed architectural behavioral specification. We employ business value to comprehensively evaluate the behavioral alternatives while capturing the trade-offs among relaxed functional and quality constraints. We also introduce a genetic algorithm-based planning technique to efficiently search for the optimal (sometimes a near-optimal) behavioral alternative that can provide the best business value. The experimental study on an online order processing benchmark has shown promising results that the proposed approach can improve adaptation flexibility and business value with acceptable performance overhead.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Guest Editor's Introduction: Special Section on Virtualization and
           Services for Cloud-Based Application Systems
    • Authors: Yiming Zhang;Rong Chang;Paul Townend;
      Pages: 88 - 90
      Abstract: Cloud-based application systems are rapidly deployed worldwide in production use via virtualization and services computing technologies. The scaling demands for these application capabilities to the cloud providers, compound with differentiated requirements on the quality of services, have brought severe technical challenges. This special section focuses on the techniques of virtualization and services for cloud-based application systems, mainly including multi-scale resource management and sharing, elastic scheduling and allocation of computing and network resources, monitoring and diagnosis for cloud-based services, and cloud-based mobile systems. The articles of this special section illustrate recent advances in virtualization and services provisioning for cloud-based application systems. We expect that this special section will provide an integrated view of the state-of-the-art techniques, identify new challenges as well as opportunities, and promote collaboration among researchers in this field. We received 34 submissions and we finally accepted 4 articles. The acceptance rate is as low as 11.8 percent.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Straggler Root-Cause and Impact Analysis for Massive-scale Virtualized
           Cloud Datacenters
    • Authors: Peter Garraghan;Xue Ouyang;Renyu Yang;David McKee;Jie Xu;
      Pages: 91 - 104
      Abstract: Increased complexity and scale of virtualized distributed systems has resulted in the manifestation of emergent phenomena substantially affecting overall system performance. This phenomena is known as “Long Tail”, whereby a small proportion of task stragglers significantly impede job completion time. While work focuses on straggler detection and mitigation, there is limited work that empirically studies straggler root-cause and quantifies its impact upon system operation. Such analysis is critical to ascertain in-depth knowledge of straggler occurrence for focusing developmental and research efforts towards solving the Long Tail challenge. This paper provides an empirical analysis of straggler root-cause within virtualized Cloud datacenters; we analyze two large-scale production systems to quantify the frequency and impact stragglers impose, and propose a method for conducting root-cause analysis. Results demonstrate approximately 5 percent of task stragglers impact 50 percent of total jobs for batch processes, and 53 percent of stragglers occur due to high server resource utilization. We leverage these findings to propose a method for extreme straggler detection through a combination of offline execution patterns modeling and online analytic agents to monitor tasks at runtime. Experiments show the approach is capable of detecting stragglers less than 11 percent into their execution lifecycle with 95 percent accuracy for short duration jobs.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Flow Classification for Software-Defined Data Centers Using Stream Mining
    • Authors: Shou-Chieh Chao;Kate Ching-Ju Lin;Ming-Syan Chen;
      Pages: 105 - 116
      Abstract: Traffic management is known to be important to effectively utilize the high bandwidth provided by datacenters. Recent works have focused on identifying elephant flows and rerouting them to improve network utilization. These approaches however require either a significant monitoring overhead or hardware/end-host modifications. In this paper, we propose FlowSeer, a fast, low-overhead elephant flow detection and scheduling system using data stream mining. Our key idea is that the features from flows’ first few packets allow us to train the streaming classification models that can accurately and quickly predict the rate and duration of any initiated flow. With these predicted information, FlowSeercan adapt routing polices of elephant flows to their demands and dynamic network conditions. Another nice property of FlowSeeris its capability of enabling the controller and switches to perform cooperative prediction. Most of decisions can be made by switches locally, thereby reducing both detection latency and signaling overhead. FlowSeerrequires less than 100 flow table entries at each switch to enable cooperative prediction, and hence can be implemented on off-the-shelf switches. The evaluation via both experiments in realistic virtual networks and trace-driven simulations shows that FlowSeerimproves the throughput by multiple times over Hedera, which pulls flow statistics, and performs comparably to Mahout, which needs end-host modification.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Cost-Efficient Consolidating Service for Aliyun’s Cloud-Scale
    • Authors: Huining Yan;Huaimin Wang;Xi Li;Yuan Wang;Dongsheng Li;Yunyang Zhang;Yu Xie;Zhongshan Liu;Wei Cao;Feng Yu;
      Pages: 117 - 130
      Abstract: Server consolidation is critical for energy efficiency of cloud-scale computing. In production environments like Aliyun, which is one of the largest public cloud platforms in the world, server consolidation has several challenges. First, the widespread use of local storage remarkably increases the migration cost (time). Second, the resource utilization of service instances varies over time, which may result in migration oscillation. Third, server consolidation must follow practical constraints. E.g., instances can only be migrated within a maintenance window, and both the resource utilization and the number of instances on a server are bounded. This paper designs and implements C4, a Cost-Efficient Consolidating Service for Aliyun’s Cloud-Scale Computing, which Aliyun uses to consolidate servers. We analyze user pattern, resource utilization, and migration cost in Aliyun, showing that traditional utilization-based consolidation approaches cannot meet the needs in production environments, especially for the local-storage-based computing. This motivates us to propose the migration cost model, by which to select servers with the minimum migration time to release. We use the Worst-Fit heuristic to migrate instances to balance the load. Evaluation shows that C4 achieves cost-efficient, load-balanced, and oscillation-free consolidating service. We describe experience with over one year of C4 production deployment, lessons learned, and areas for future work.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • HyperCo: Optimizing Network Performance in ARM-Based Mobile Virtualization
    • Authors: Jianguo Yao;Ting Deng;Xue Liu;Hans-Arno Jacobsen;Haibing Guan;
      Pages: 131 - 143
      Abstract: In the ARM-based mobile virtualized environment, optimizing both the network throughput and the latency for network-intensive applications is of great importance. Our experimental studies have shown that the context switch between the host and guest triggered by a hypercall results in CPU overload and thus degrades the I/O performance under an intensive workload. To address this problem, we propose the Adaptive Hypercall Coalescing (HyperCo) algorithm, a software-only approach to optimizing the network I/O performance by reducing the number of hypercalls and achieving a trade-off between throughput and latency. We implement HyperCo by modifying the front-end driver of Virtio-net on the KVM/ARM platform, and we carry out extensive performance evaluations, which indicate that the number of hypercalls and the load on the CPU can be significantly reduced. We show that HyperCo can significantly improve the network throughput under an intensive workload while keeping a low penalty by adapting a coalescing interval dynamically at a low frequency of network I/O requests.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • A Cloud Brokerage Architecture for Efficient Cloud Service Selection
    • Authors: Dan Lin;Anna Cinzia Squicciarini;Venkata Nagarjuna Dondapati;Smitha Sundareswaran;
      Pages: 144 - 157
      Abstract: The expanding cloud computing services offer great opportunities for consumers to find the best service and best pricing. Meanwhile, it also raises new challenges for consumers who need to select the best service out of such a huge pool since it will be time-consuming for consumers to collect the necessary information and analyze all service providers to make the decision. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel brokerage-based architecture in the cloud, where the cloud brokers is responsible for the service selection. We also design an efficient indexing structure, called B$^{cloud}$-tree, for managing the information of a large number of cloud service providers. We then develop the service selection algorithm that recommends most suitable cloud services to the cloud consumers. We carry out extensive experimental studies on real and synthetic cloud data, and demonstrate a significant performance improvement over previous approaches.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
  • Multi-Objective Energy Efficient Virtual Machines Allocation at the Cloud
           Data Center
    • Authors: Neeraj Kumar Sharma;G. Ram Mohana Reddy;
      Pages: 158 - 171
      Abstract: Due to the growing demand of cloud services, allocation of energy efficient resources (CPU, memory, storage, etc.) and resources utilization are the major challenging issues of a large cloud data center. In this paper, we propose an Euclidean distance based multi-objective resources allocation in the form of virtual machines (VMs) and designed the VM migration policy at the data center. Further the allocation of VMs to Physical Machines (PMs) is carried out by our proposed hybrid approach of Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) referred to as HGAPSO. The proposed HGAPSO based resources allocation and VMs migration not only saves the energy consumption and minimizes the wastage of resources but also avoids SLA violation at the cloud data center. To check the performance of the proposed HGAPSO algorithm and VMs migration technique in the form of energy consumption, resources utilization and SLA violation, we performed the extended amount of experiment in both heterogeneous and homogeneous data center environments. To check the performance of proposed HGAPSO with VM migration, we compared our proposed work with branch-and-bound based exact algorithm. The experimental results show the superiority of HGAPSO and VMs migration technique over exact algorithm in terms of energy efficiency, optimal resources utilization, and SLA violation.
      PubDate: Jan.-Feb. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2019)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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